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as of 2013-12-08
- •a cabdriver
(=one who drives a taxicab for hire.)
- •sports one hired to serve as an attendant to a golfer,
esp. by carrying the golf clubs,
but also to give advice on how to play.
- •Scots a boy who does odd jobs.
- •mil a student at a military school or academy in training as an officer
- •a younger (or youngest) son or brother
- •slang a pimp
- •a begger
- •obs a peddler
- •a despicable coward; a wretch.
- •an operator of a calendering machine
(=which presses cloth between rollers to produce a smooth and glossy, or textured, surface.)
- •a male leader of an Islamic polity.
- •one who tells performers when it is time to go on stage
- •a bellhop
- •a prostitute hired by telephone
- •one that calls, esp. one placing a telephone call.
- •a person paying a short social visit.
- •one who calls out numbers or directions, as at a bingo game or a square dance.
- see chamberlain
- see chancellor
- •joc. a hack writer
- •eccl. hist. a clergyman (including clerks in minor orders) living
with others in a clergy-house (claustrum), or (in later times) in
one of the houses in the precinct (close) of a cathedral or collegiate
church, and ordering his life according to the canons or rules of the church.
This practice of the canonica vita or canonical life began to prevail
in the 8° c.; in the 11° c. it was, in some churches,
reformed by the adoption of a rule (based on a practice mentioned by St.
Augustine) that clergymen so living together should renounce private property;
those who embraced this rule were known as Augustinian (Austin)
or regular, the other were secular canons.
the 'regular' canons, came in the 12° c. those who followed
the still stricter rule of Norbert of Premontré, thence called Premonstratensian
Canons. These two groups of 'canons regular' were distinguished
by the colour of their habits as Black Canons and White
Canons. As these vied, in strictness of living, the difference
between a canon regular and a monk, became in the later
Middle Ages (as now in the RCC) so slight that the one is often confounded
with the other.
- cf religious
- cf minor canon
- •a professional singer
- •J the Jewish religious official who leads the musical part of a service.
- •the person who leads a church choir or congregarion in singing.
- see chaplain
- •mil. a soldier armed with a carbine (a lightweight rifle with a
- •a professional card player who makes a living by cheating at card games.
- •[L. carduus = a thistle]
a cloth-worker who untangles shorter fibers with a wire brush or similar instrument
prior to spinning as a step in cloth-making,
- •a governor of, or holder of, a castle.
- •hist a male singer castrated in childhood to preserve his soprano or
alto voice range.
- •a person used a a dupe or tool by another.
- •slang a boy or youth who is in a sexual relationship with a man.
- •a sheriff's officer, esp one who arrests debtors. [AHD]
- •eccl one who instructs catechumens.
- •eccl one who is being instructed in basic principles, esp of Christianity.
- •one who supplies provisions for a household, club, etc.
- •one who provide the viands at an entertainment, fęte, etc.
- •the earlier form, cater now obsolete.
- •one who filled up cracks or seams (e.g. in windows or ships' hulls) to make them watertight by using tar or oakum
(=hemp fiber produced by taking apart old ropes).
- •a Royalist supporter of Charles I during the English
Civil War, opposed to the Parliamentarian supporters of Cromwell.
- •a soldier of a cavalry regiment, i.e. on horseback or in armored vehicles.
- •a famous person.
- •one who abstains from sexual intercourse,
esp. by reason of religious vows.
- •one who is unmarried.
- •a person, as in a monastic community,
responsible for maintaining the supply of food and drink.
- •a person authorized to examine works (books, films, etc.)
to remove or suppress what is considered objectionable.
- •mil an official, as in the armed forces, who examines personal mail and dispatches to expunge material considered secret
- •a surveyor or surveyor's helper
(=From the use of a surveyor's chain in measuring lengths; A Gunter or U.S. Survey chain is 66 feet long and has 100 links; One chain= 22 yards, or 4 rods; There are 10 chains per furlong, and 80 chains per mile; Invented by Edmund Gunter [1581-1626]. A Ramden chain, 100 feet long with 100 links, is used in engineering.)
- •one of two persons holding the ends of a surveyor's chain.
- •a carriage maker
- •nob dom the manager of the household of a sovereign or great noble.
- •originally in charge of the King's bedchamber and wardrobe,
he also took charge of all personal staff including personal grooms and lords in waiting.
Other duties included organizing ceremonies (including religious ones)
and local travels, such as to the theater. [DOT]
cf Lord Chamberlain of the Household
Lord Great Chamberlain of England
- •a housemaid, esp. at a hotel
- •civ. a high official
- •head of government in some European countries;
- •president of a chancery (equity) court.
- • Chief of the chandlery
(=originally the office in a medieval household responsible for wax and candles, as well as the room in which the candles were kept. The office was subordinated to the kitchen, and only existed as a separate office in larger households. Whether a separate office or not, the function was naturally an important one, in a time before electric light, and when production of candles was often done privately. It was closely connected with other offices of the household, such as the ewery and the scullery. With this use, the term is largely obsolete today but can refer to a candle business. As such, a chandler is a person who sells candles.) [WIKI]
- •a dealer or trader
- •one who makes or sells candles
- •a retailer of groceries, ship supplier
- •a person, esp an older or married woman, who accompanies a young unmarried woman in public
- •an older person who attends and supervises a social gathering of young people
- •a guide or companion whose function is to ensure propriety or to restrict activity [AHD]
- •a clergyman attached to a private chapel, institution, ship, regiment, etc.
- •Brit a peddler, esp of chapbooks
(=small books or pamphlets containing poems, ballads, stories or religious tracts)
- •dipl a diplomat who temporarily assumes the responsibilities of
an absent ambassador or minister.
- •dipl a diplomat of the lowest rank, accredited by one government to
the minister of foreign affairs of another.
- •a keeper of the archives;
one who had charge of keeping records.
- •a peddler or dealer of cheap goods.
- •Fr. [= horseman]
A member of certain orders of knighthood, and of modern French orders,
as the Legion of Honor
- •hist. a knight
- •Eng. hist. the title of James and Charles Stuart, pretenders to
the English throne
- •a wig maker
- •a person employed to remove soot from chimney flues to reduce the fire
hazard. a/k/a "sweep"
- •civ an officer of the town appointed to inspect chimneys
to insure that owners obeyed the law regarding regular cleaning thereof.
/literally, 'hand work'/
- •a doctor or surgeon
- see chorister
- •a singer in a choir (=an organized company of singers),
esp. a choirboy or choirgirl
- •a leader of a choir
- •a writer or compiler of a chronicle;
a recorder of events.
- •denotes a person who has killed another, as
homicide (a man, or simply any person),
regicide (a king or queen),
uxoricide (his wife),
genocide (a people)
- see clerk
- •a person employed to keep records or accounts
- •a person employed to keep records or accounts
- •eccl. a clergyman
- •the servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers by clicking a noisemaker;
- •printing one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors
and arranged it in due form ready for printing;
- •one who made eyelet holes in boots using a machine which made a clicking sound.
|Steps in the making of cloth|
- •one who makes or sells cloth or clothing. [AHD]
- •one employed in one of the many tasks and trades in the cloth-making industry.
- •eccl an assistant to a bishop in the RC or Anglican churches,
esp. one who is designated to succeed the current diocesan bishop.
- coadjutor bishop
- •eccl a coadjutor who is already a bishop.
- •one who mends shoes, esp as a trade.
cf shoemaker and cordwainer, both of whom make shoes.
(=Cobblers were often prohibited from making shoes.)
- •a different form of a name, esp in another language (e.g. Joseph:Jose).
- •a blood relation; kin.
sp: also Kohen; pl. Cohanim, Kohanim
- •H eccl a priest, esp a Jewish priest.
- •A direct male descendant of the Biblical Aaron, brother of Moses.
- •a coal miner.
- •a book peddler,
esp one selling Bibles and religious writings.
- •one who combs longer fibers in the making of cloth,
- •mil. commanding officer of a military organization, e.g. the US
Military Academy at West Point, NY
- •nav. the master of a ship
- •mil a unit of amphibious shock troops;
a member of such a unit.
- •mil a party of men called out for military service;
a body of troops
- •Brit a junior waiter or chef
- •hist an official of the former Soviet Communist party
responsible for political education and organization.
- •the head of a government department in the former USSR before 1946
- •civ a person appointed by a commission to perform a specific task,
e.g. a minicipal police commissioner, etc.
- •civ a person appointed as a member of a government commission,
e.g. Civil Service Commissioner
- •civ a representative of the supreme authority in a district, department, etc.
- •an appointee of a town or other locality to oversee the sale of bonds to
help finance construction of a railroad in return for a promise regarding
the route it was to take. Mid-to-late 1800's. A position of responsibility
[Thanks to Steve Dellbert, NYDELAWA-L mail list]
- •nav a naval officer above a captain and below a rear admiral.
- •nav a commander of a squadron or other division of a fleet of ships.
- •the president of a yacht club.
- •naut the senior captain of a shipping line.
- •one of the common people, as opposed to the aristocracy.
- •a person who has the right of common.
- •Brit a student at a university without a scholarship;
a pensioner; a gentleman commoner;
- cf scholar
- cf sizar
- •a person who accompanies, associated with, or shares with another.
- •dom a person, esp an unmarried or widowed woman,
employed to live with and assist another.
- •a member of the lowest order of some orders of knighthood;
(e.g. Companion of the Bath)
- •nowadays =confidence man: a person who swindles by means of deception or fraud.
Also: con artist (or: grifter scammer sharper sharpie sharpy chiseller swindler)
- •F an employee who lives on the premises of apartment buildings
and serves as a general caretaker.
- •hist an officer of the King who was charged with administering
justice, with the help of his bailifs.
- •in a hotel, a concierge helps guests with various minor tasks like
making restaurant reservations, procuring tickets, etc.
"A concierge is often expected to 'achieve the impossible,' dealing with any request a guest may have, no matter how apocryphal or strange, relying on an extensive list of personal contacts with various local merchants and service providers." [WIKI]
- •naut one who steers the boat, or gives directions for this.
(con=To direct the steering or course of (a vessel).)
- •one who directs the perfomance of an orchestra, choir, etc.
- •an official in charge of a train;
one who collects fares on a bus, train, etc.
- •a guide or leader
- •a manager or director
- •one who makes confections, candies, sweetmeats, cakes, light pastries, etc.
- •a compounder of medicines, poisons, etc.
- •nowadays a candy-maker, esp. for sale at retail.
- •civ a legislator who is a member of the U.S. Congress, especially of the House of Representatives.
- •civ the chief officer of a community, appointed to keep the peace
and act as marshal of the early militia;
responsible for the village or parish "Watch and Ward".
(=the Watch at night and the Ward during the day)
- •dom one who prepares food for eating, in a restaurant or similar business,
or as a member of household staff.
- •one who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as casks,
barrels, tubs, etc.
- •a person employed by a newspaper or broadcast news office to carry copy
and run errands.
- •an assistant who reads manuscript aloud to a proofreader.
- •one who edits and corrects newspaper copy for publication.
- •a shoemaker; originally any leather worker using leather from Córdoba,
See cobbler, shoemaker
For an excellent dissertation on the meanings of the words
see this page
on the site of the
Honorable Cordwainers’ Company.
- •a rope maker
- •Brit. hist the fifth commissioned officer in a cavalry troop,
who carried the colors.
- •mil. a non-commissioned officer, ranking just below sergeant
- •a peddler of fruits and vegetables in the streets from a barrow.
- •a peasant of the lower class, with a cottage, but little or no land.
- •Brit Hist an unfree peasant with fewer lands than a villan. [DOME]
- •the continental equivalent of the English Earl
Also: german cousin
- •the son or daughter of one's uncle or aunt;
one's first cousin.
- •an officer who makes announcements in a court
- •hist. an officer employed by a town council. etc., to make public
announcements in the streets or the marketplace
- •a town crier. Before newspapers became common, news, public announcements
and proclamations were made by the town crier who walked through the town
ringing a bell and reading the news. [CHC]
- •civ., corrupted form a coroner
- •a religous ascetic
- •Irish/Scottish preserver of old Gaelic customs
- •eccl a non-hierarchical designation for any churchman entrusted
with the "cure of souls", i.e. the spiritual aspects of church business,
usually as an assistant to the parish priest.
- •archaic an ecclesiastical pastor
- •one who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb
- •one who tans leather by incorporating oil or grease
- •person responsible for collecting revenues, and accountable for their safe-keeping
- •a thief in medieval times who robbed by cutting the strings by which a
purse was held to one's belt
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