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Johann Peter Frey (1689-1766)

Johann Peter Frey was born in 1689 in Wingen, Alsace, France son of Johann Jacob Frey and Anna Maria Schaub. His ancestry is known several gernerations further back in Alsace and near Zurich, Switzerland. He married Anna Barbara Schmidt, daughter of Hans Theobald and Anna Maria Schlebar-Schmidt, in Wingen in 1716. They immigrated to America August 17, 1733 from Rotterdam on the Ship Samuel and settled first in east Cocalico Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, later moving with most of their children to Heidelberg Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Their sons Peter and Christian moved to North Carolina in the 1750's with the Moravians and in May 1765 Hans Peter Sr. and the rest of his family joined them. He died the following year in North Carolina and was the first person interred in the new graveyard at Friedberg Moravian Church. Anna Barbara died in January 1768 and is buried at Bethania Moravia Church.

Three of Johann Peter's sons seemingly failed to choose the side of liberty during the War of Independence. The Rowan county, North Carolina minutes of the year 1778 listed 577 persons who "refused or neglected" to take the Oath of Allegiance to the State. Most of these were Loyalists and/or Tories--that is, they were loyal, either passively or actively, to England, rather than to North Carolina or the United States. Roughly out of around 3,000 families in the Rowan county area in 1778, one out of five were Loyalists/Tories. In 1778 Rowan County included the present day counties of Rowan, Davidson, and Davie. In Captain Eakles District of Nonjurors we find listed the following names:"George Fry, Christian Fry, and Peter Fry, Sr."

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