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The surname
Dand

The name Dand, first used as a given (first) name precedes the use of surnames itself. The use of surnames, first by the nobility, then adopted by the commoners, started in southern England in the 1400's and 1500's and worked their way north through those centuries. The highlands and the northern islands never had full usage of them till the mid 1800's. Dand is recorded as far back as Roman times as a short version of Andrew. The name Andrew was a popular name in Scotland for St. Andrew was the patron saint of Scotland just as St. Patrick is the patron saint in Ireland. Before the surname system was adopted they used the Norse tradition of naming after their fathers as in Donaldson or Donaldsen. O'Donald or McDonald was used in Ireland, in highland Scotland the useage was MacDonald. Dandsen is a common surname in Denmark. While I'm mentioning surname varients, names that are related in origin or swapped in place of the original, sometimes done by the clergy for various reasons. Other surname variants included Daund (probably reflecting how it was pronounced in Scotland), Dandie, Dandy, Dande (preceding the use of Andy) and Dando (shortened version of Dand of Kelso). Kelso is a place in the Borders region of southern Scotland.

My own research started by checking phone directories around the world to get a idea how many people of this name were distributed around the world. To my surprise I almost found more in North America than in all of Europe. In both areas they only number in the hundreds, of the European portion, roughly only 25% were in Scotland with the bulk of them in England and the rest of them spread evenly between France and Spain. In North America the balance tips in favor with the United States having more Dand's than in Canada. Of the Canadian entries in the telephone directory I would recognize about half of them as relatives. Overall I concluded the surname Dand is not very common, which should aid in ones attempt to do a genealogical study of the name. To list a few more places I've discovered the name Dand, one surprising place was India. Their given names are not European in origin. Also there are ancestory records for Dands in Australia and New Zealand, all stating their ancestors arrived from England.

In studing ancestory records regarding the surname Dand in Canada that other people have done, I have found three or four unrelated groups of Dands across the country. Of course there is the work which Gloria has done with our own group that started with William and Marion in Osprey township in the 1850's. Dands also arrived in Canada from Scotland settling in Pictou County, Nova Scotia. I have been in contact with one member of this group and unfortunately they don't know what part of Scotland there ancestors arrived from. There were some Dands that homesteaded in southern Manitoba. Two records kept by the Dominion Lands Grant (now in the Canadian Archives) placed two Dand's homesteading in the area around a village in the southwest corner of that province called Dand. Lastly there were some Dand's among the first settlers of Okotoks, Alberta in the late 1800's. They came from the States via Utah originating in both Oklahoma and Texas. In all geno studies that I have seen done so far in the States on the Dands, they all originated from the Cumbria area in the very northwest of England.

Most parish records around the world have largely been filmed and recorded by the Latter Day Saints from Salt Lake City, Utah. Their records can be viewed through Family Centers for anyone to view in most major cities around the world and also through the internet. There records show roughly 340 people with the surname Dand in Scotland prior to 1873 with the earliest record in 1582. In England there are 1373 records with none in Wales or the Channel Islands. The bulk of the English records on the name originate in Cumbria close to Scotland. The dates go back a little further with the records in England.

Here are some of the things told to me from different sources about the Dand's from Scotland. There was the story they lived along the southern border next to England and partook in the harassment of Englishmen by stealing their horses. I also remember my parents sending away for a scroll, coat of arms and a tartan from a vendor of such things back in the 1960's. They explained we were part of a larger clan that I can't remember and came from the Borders region of Scotland, Roxburghshire to be exact. These vendors of such family memorabilia are notoriously dubious. In Scotland there is an industry surrounding the interest of people from the new world searching there roots in there country. Some will give you a small amount of information as a hook to buy there products, especially through the internet. Of the ones I have obtained information from without parting with my money, most claim the Dand's were a group that originated in the Borders region and had some history of upheaval with the English. All were willing to supply the tartan, coat of arms, etc., except for one company that stated the Dand's had no such things. Instead this company offered the notion the Dand's were a sept of different clans over a lengthy period of history. A sept is a family that aligned its self, usually with the ruling clan of the area and may or may not be related, but often intermarried. The ruling clan offered protection and alloted land for their septs.



Photographed from the "Surnames of Scotland" by George F. Black pub.1946

Enclosed is the information on Dand from George F. Black's book, page 199

DAND, DANDIE, DANDY. Hypocorisms of ANDREW with prosthetic d. Andrew Kerr, son of the eighth lord of Ferniehurst, who died in 1499, was generally known as 'Dand Kerr.' Dand was common as Christian name in the south of Scotland in the sixteenth century, and in the list of tenants under the Abbey of Kelso in 1567 we find Dand Howy, Dand Glernet, Dand Lermont, Dand Craige, Dand Stobe, etc. (Kelso, p. 518-532). Andrew alias Dandie Cranston, witness in Edinburgh, 1514 (Ros, 69). In 1642 we have record of Andreas alias Dand Plumbar filius Jonannis Plumbar in Kelso (Retours, Berwick, 243), and Andrew alias Dand Greinfeild is recorded in Merton (RRM., I, p. 105). In the beginning of the seventeenth century seven Olivers, all with the forename Andrew or Dand, were distinguished by the part of the town (Kelso) in which each dwelt.

KELSO. Liber S. Marie Calchou; registrum cartarum abbacie Tironensis de Kelso, 1113-1587. Edinburgh, 1846 2 v. RETOURS. Inqvisitionvm ad capellam domini regis retornatarvm, qvae in pvblicis archivis Scotiae adhvc servantvr, abbreviatio. 1811-16. 3 v.
ROS. Protocol book of Gavin Ros, 1512-1532. Edinburgh, 1908.
RRM. Selections from the records of the regality of Melrose and from the manuscripts of the Earl of Haddington. Edinburgh, 1914-17. 3 v.

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