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1589. MATTHEW CUSHING
Sex: M
Birth: Before 2 Mar 1589 in Hingham, Norfolk, England
Christening: 2 Mar 1589 in Hardingham, Norfolk, England
Death: 30 Sep 1660 in Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Burial: 1660 in Old Ship Cemetery, Hingham, Massachusetts

Matthew Cushing, son of Peter Cushing married Nazareth Pitcher, daughter of Henry Pitcher, of the famous family of Admiral Pitcher of England. For the first fifty years of his life he lived in Hardingham and Hingham, Norfolk County, England, until 1638, when with his wife and five children, and his wife's sister (Widow Francis Riecroft, who died a few weeks after their arrival). He embarked in the ship "Diligent" of Ipswich, 350 tons, John Martin, master, which sailed from Gravesend, 26 April 1638, with 133 passengers, among whom was Robert Peck, M.A., Rector of the parish of Hingham, England. The immediate occasion of their departure seems to have been trouble in ecclesiastical matters. Their rector, doubtless with the sympathy and aid of most of those constituting the emigrating party, had pulled down the rails of chancel and altar, and leveled the latter a foot below the church, as it remains to this day. Being prosecuted by Bishop Wren, he left the Kingdom, together with his friends - who sold their estates at half their real value. The party, having landed at Boston Massachusetts, 10 August 1638, immediately proceeded to their destination, Hingham, Massachusetts, so named after the name of the former home of the Cushing family in England. At a town meeting held in 1638, a house lot of five acres, first below Pear Tree Hill, on Bachelor (Main) St., was given to Matthew Cushing, and it continued in the possession of the family until 1887. He was early engaged in the public affairs of the town, became a deacon in Rev. Hobart's church, and was the progenitor of many eminent descendants. It is now a pretty well established fact that, with the exception of a few families who have come to this country during the past century, all the persons bearing the surname of Cushing in the United States and Canada are his direct lineal descendants. His will, which was a verbal one, was written after his decease by his children, who, under date of 15 Nov., 1660, pray that Daniel Cushing, Esq., their oldest brother, may be appointed administrator of their father's estate. In his will all the children except Deborah, who married May 1648, Matthew Briggs, are named as living; and the share to his son-in-law was large.

Passengers:
Rev. Robert Peck, Mrs. Peck, Anne Peck, Joseph Peck, Joseph Peck, Mrs. ......Peck,
Edward Gillman, Mrs. Mary Gilman, Edward Gilman, Moses Gilman, Lydia Gilman, Sarah Gilman, John Gilman,
John Folsom, Mrs. Mary Folsom, John Folsom,
Mrs. Christian Chamberlain, Henry Chamberlain, Mrs. .......Chamberlain, .... Chamberlain, ....Chamberlain,
Stephen Gates, Mrs. Anne Gates, Elizabeth Gates, Mary Gates,
George Knights, Mrs.......Knights, ....Knights,
Thomas Cooper, Mrs. Cooper, ....Cooper, ....Cooper,
Francis James, Mrs. Elizabeth James,
Matthew Hawke, Mrs. Margaret Hawke,
Matthew Cushing, Mrs. Nazareth Cushing, Daniel Cushing, Jeremiah Cushing, Matthew Cushing, John Cushing, Deborah Cushing,
Tohn Tufts,
Robert Skoulding,
Elizabeth Sayer, Mary Sayer,
John Fearing,
Philip James, Mrs. Jane James, ....James, ....James, ....James, ....James,
Stephen Paine, Mrs. Rose Paine, ....Paine, ....Paine, ....Paine, ....Paine,
John Sutton, Mrs. Elizabeth Sutton, Hannah Sutton, John Sutton, Jr., Nathaniel Sutton, Elizabeth Sutton,
Mrs. Joan Lincoln, Stephen Lincoln, Mrs. ....Lincoln, Stephen Lincoln, Jr.,
Samuel Packer, Mrs. Elizabeth Packer, ....Packer,
Henry Smith, Mrs. Judith Smith, John Smith, Henry Smith, Daniel Smith, Judith Smith, Elizabeth Smith,
Bozoun Allen, Mrs. Anne Allen,
William Ripley, Mrs. ....Ripley, Mary Ripley, John Ripley, Abraham Ripley, Sarah Ripley,
Thomas Sucklin,
Richard Baxter,
William Pitts,
Edward Mitchell,
James Buck,
John Morfield,
Thomas Lincoln,
Jeremiah Moore,
and about 20 servants.

PLANTERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH by C.E. Banks, Boston, 1930
Upon the lot now occupied by Dr. Robbins at the foot of Pear-tree Hill, a few rods north of his residence, Matthew Cushing, who died in 1660 at seventy-one years of age, the progenitor, probably, of all the families of that name in the United States, had established the home which remained uninterruptedly in the family until 1887; and here still lived his wife, who died subsequently to the war, aged ninety-six, his son Daniel, then and until his death town clerk, and one of the wealthy men of the period, and Matthew a grandson, afterwards lieutenant and captain. Not far away Matthew Cushing senior's daughter Deborah lived with her husband, Matthias Briggs, while on the opposite side of the street, at what is now the Keeshan place, Daniel the younger, a weaver by trade, established a home and reared a large family. The Cushings were shopkeepers in addition to their other occupations, and probably the little end shop built onto the dwelling on either side of the street contained articles of sale and barter,--produce and pelts and West India goods and ammunition. We may suppose that these small centres of trade, together with the tannery in the immediate vicinity, gave quite a little air of business to the neighborhood,--forming indeed the primitive exchange of the period.

MATTHEW, Hingham 1638, from Hingham in Norfolk County. Son of Peter, born in 1588, the year of the Spanish Armada, married 5 August 1613, Nazareth Pitcher, had, as by register of old Hingham appears, Daniel, baptized 20 April 1619; Jeremiah, 1 January 1621; Matthew, 5 April 1623; Deborah, 17 February 1625; and John, whose baptism is, I believe, omitted and I have heard, that it was in a neighboring parish; came in the Diligent, embarked at Gravesend, 26 April and landed at Boston 10 August 1638, with that wife and those children He is the ancestor of all the myriads of this name in New England and thence indefinitely spread; and died 30 December 1660. His widow died 1681, aged 95, as is said. Her sister widow Frances Ricroft came in the same voyage, but died in few weeks after arriving. In his will all the children except Deborah, who married May 1648, Matthew Briggs, are named as living; and the share to this son-in-law was large.

Father: Peter Cushing b: 1562 in Hardingham, Norfolk, England
Mother: Susan Hawes b: 1563 in Hardingham, Norfolk, England

Marriage 1: Nazareth Pitcher b: 30 Oct 1586 in Hingham, Norfolk, England d: 1681
Married: 5 Aug 1613 in Hingham, Norfolk, England

Children:
1. Daniel Cushing b: 20 Apr 1619 in Hingham, Norfolk, England, Bp 20 Apr 1619
2. Jeremiah Cushing, Captain b: Bef 21 Jul 1621 in Hingham, Norfolk, England, Bp 1 Jan 1621
3. Matthew Cushing, Lieutenant b: 5 Apr 1623 in Hingham, Norfolk, England, Bp 5 Apr 1623
4. Deborah Cushing b: Bef 17 Feb 1625 in Hingham, Norfolk, England, Bp 17 Feb 1625
5. John Cushing, Colonel b: 1627 in Hingham, Norfolk, England, Bp in a neighboring parish

Sources:
1. The Genealogy of the Cushing Family (An account of the Ancestors and Descendants of Matthew Cushing, who came to America in 1638) by James Cushing, The Perrault Printing Co - Montreal, 1905. First Edition, 1877, by Lemuel Cushing, D1881 (Finished by his family)
2. Joseph Savage, Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Originally published 1860.
3. The History of the Town of Hingham Massachusetts: the Genealogies, George Lincoln, 1893, 1982 reprint of Vol 2 & 3
4. Cushing, by Barbara Cushing Walker, Oct 1996