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Origins of the name of Cummings

From the book Cummings Genealogy, Isaac Cummings 1601-1677 and some of his Descendants, compiled and

published by Albert Oren Cummins, Montpelier, Vermont, 1904. Traditions Isaac Comings, according to tradition,

was of Scottish Ancestry, claiming descent from the "Red Cumin", of Badenoch, in the southeastern district of

Iverness-shire, a wild mountainous country, presenting wide stretches of bleak moorland. Here the clan

flourished from 1080-1330, and then began to decline. Some deduce their origin from Normandy and others from

Northumberland. According to the Chronicle of Melrose, the first of the name who figured prominently,

was slain with Malcolm III at Alnwick in 1093, leaving two sons, John and William. From John, all the Cumins in

Scotland are said to be descended. Sir John, the Red Cumin or Comyn, was the first Lord of Bedenoch, and in

1240 was an ambassador from Alexander II to Louis IX, of France. His son John, called the Black Lord of

Badenoch, was inferior to no subject in Scotland for wealth and power, and was one of those who vowed

to support Queen Margaret, daughter of Alexander III in her title to the crown. At her death he became a

competitor for the crown of Scotland, "as the son and heir of John, who was son and heir of Donald, King of

Scotland". The son of this Lord, called, in turn, the Red Cumin, as the last Lord of Badenoch of the surname Cumin.

In 1335 a number of the Cumin clan was slain in the feudal Battle of Culbleau, in Glenwick, where a stone now

marks the Spot. The badge of the clan, in Gaelic, was "Lus Mhic Cuiminn", In English, the Cummin plant. Another

Tradition runs: Comines-Comynges-Comyns-Comings-Cumyn-Cumings-Cummings; " a family which rose

to great power and eminence in Scotland and England. The name was taken from the town of Comines near Lille,

on the frontier between France and Belguim. In 1445 one branch of the family gave birth, in the old chateau, to the

historian, Phillipe di Comines. Another branch followed William of Normandy to the conquest of England. In the

year 1069, Robert of Comines, or Comyn, with 700 Horse from William the Conqurer, seized Durham and held it

48 hours, but the people rose up against him and he perished in the flames at the burning of the Bishop's Palace.

His nephew, William, became Chancellor of Scotland in 1133. The Chancellor's nephew, Richard, inherited

the English possessions of the family and married the Countess of Athol, grand-daughter of Donald Bane, King

of Scots, and his son, William, in 1210, became Earl of Buchan by marrying the Celtic heiress of North Eardom.

By this marriage he became the father of Elexander, Earl of Buchan, who married the daughter of Roger-de-quenci,

Earl of Winchester. By other marriages the family obtained the Earldom of Angus and Athol, so that by the middle

of the 13th century there Were in Scotland one Lord, four Earls, and thirty-two belted Knights by the name of

Comyns. Within 70 years this great house was entirely overthrown, there were none left of them, save those who

took refuge in the "Monks of Deer", a monastery founded in 1219 by William Cumyns, Earl of Buchan. John

Cumyns, son of the Earl of Badenoch, who was in 1291 an unsuccessful competitor for the crown, was a descendant

of Donald Bane, King of the Old Celtic Dynasty. John Cumyns, Earl of Buchan, was defeated by Bruce in a pitched

battle in 1306. Such of the Cumyns as escaped the sword found refuge with their wives and children in England,

where, although they were so poor as to be dependent upon the bounty of the English Court, they married into the

best families, so that their blood circulated through the nobles in other kingdoms and descendants of Henry IV.

The Earl of Shrewsbuty was the representative of the Lord of Badenoch, who was at the head of the race. Another

Tradition from an educated American who spent much time in Rome, " The Cummings family is a very old family;

as far as can be gathered, the family lived in Lombardy, northern Italy during , and prior to the fourth century, it

then came over the Alps, and settled in Provence, and then went to the Gironde country in the southern part of

France, and thence to the north of France, on the borders of Belguim, where was founded the town of Commines,

where lived Phillip of Commines, whom Hallan called the father of Ancient History, thence they went to Scotland

and England and Ireland. An educated native of Rome insists that the original family Of Commines was a family

once well known in Lombardy, that they were a strong family during the great 'Hearth' war, which lasted for many

years, and that Ealr do Cummings was perhaps the principal factor in bringing on and continuing the war. History

tells us they went to England about the time of the invasion by William the Conqurer,etc.



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