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Censuses

We are big census fans! Taken every 10 years by the federal government and sometimes more frequently by states & local jurisdictions, they recorded more than 90% of the people living in the United States, beginning in 1790 until the most recent one publicly available, 1930.

Censuses represent the most complete set of records available for our ancestors. They are the most important records for genealogical study. With modern computer indexing and online databases & images, they are also the easiest to consult.

Author's Opinion: The census indexes & images alone make a subscription to Ancestry.com worthwhile for even the casual family historian. While the system is not perfect (none is) the company seems dedicated to improving the service and a "feedback loop" assures continued improvements.

Until 1850, only the heads of households (HOH) were named; others were recorded as tallies in age, gender & other categories. Censuses of 1850 & after have named all members of households and given ages. In some instances, slaves & Indians were enumerated on separate schedules. Beginning in 1870{?}, relationship to the head of household is stated; however, complex relationships may be subject to over-simplification.

Often, deciphering the census enumerations when only the HOH is named can present problems.

  1. The author often uses (with caution) the rule of thumb that a male name refers to the eldest male and a female name refers to the eldest female. This may allow estimating birth dates & correlating the census data with other information.
    For example, the eldest male in the 1810 John Taylor household of Duplin County was 16 to 25 years old, establishing his birth as from 1785 to 1794. He could have attained age 21 (thus becoming a possible party or witness to deeds) as early as 1806. The same name on deeds prior to 1806 will not be his.
  2. Bear this caution in mind:  Not all persons enumerated in a household are necessarily related. Some may be boarders or servants.

Early North Carolina Census

Early census search results for Taylor surnames are found on this page.

In addition, some have published "census substitutes" — compiled from tax lists, militia rolls & other records — for years before 1790. We're not particular fans of  "compiled census substitutes"; they tend to disguise the original sources. But they can be used as leads to the original sources, in which more detailed information may be found.

1769

This colonial census preceded the federal procedure by 21 years.

1784-1787

A state census was also taken in the years 1784 to 1787, which produced information similar to (but not exactly the same as) the federal 1790 census.  Age/gender/ethnicity categories were:

Federal Censuses

1790 Federal Census

This census had five categories: White men over 16, white males under 16, white females of all ages, other free persons of all ages, & slaves of all ages. In this area, each page consisted of up to four columns of names & tallies. As finding aids, we have labeled the columns A through D and added line numbers. Those who analyze list order for meaning or wish to check the transcriptions will appreciate the usefulness of the additions.

1790 Craven County

Craven was enumerated in one district, divided here into three files.

1790 Dobbs County, predecessor to Greene & Lenoir

This is the only federal census in which Dobbs County appears. In December 1790, it was divided into Glascow & Lenoir counties. Glascow, the northeastern portion of the former Dobbs, was renamed Greene, in honor of the great Revolutionary War general in 1799 & thus does not appear in any federal censuses.

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1790 Beaufort

Click here.

1790 Carteret

Click here.

1790 Duplin

Click here.

1790 Greene

See Dobbs above.

1790 Johnston

Click here.

1790 Jones

Click here.

1790 Lenoir

See Dobbs above.

1790 Pitt

Click here.

 

1800 Federal Census

The 1800 census broke age categories down more finely than in 1790. White males and females were classified as <10, 10-15, 16-25, 25-44, & >45. Because of the extra space required, there is only one column of enumerations per page.

1800 Craven Co. Census

Craven County was divided into two enumeration districts -- (1) the town of New Bern and (2) everything not in the town.

In New Bern
 

 Taylors extracted here.

Outside New Bern

 We have transcribed that portion which lay outside the town bounds and present it in seven  parts:

1800 Beaufort

 Click here.

1800 Carteret

 Click here.

1800 Duplin

 Click here.

1800 Greene    

Click here.

1800 Johnston

 Click here.

1800 Jones  

 Click here.

1800 Lenoir   

 Click here.

1800 Pitt

 Click here.

1800 Wayne

 Click here.

1810 Federal Census

The 1810 census continued the same categories as 1800. Click here for Taylors extracted from select counties in the general region.

1810 Craven & Greene Co. Census

No copy of the individual 1810 census enumerations for Craven County or Greene County has been found. Summary statistics are available, but no name-by-name enumerations.


1820 Federal Census

Craven & Greene censuses -- as well as others -- are available for 1820.

Click here for Taylors extracted from Beaufort, Carteret, Craven, Duplin, Greene, Johnston, Jones, Pitt & Wayne.


1830

The 1830 census made even finer breakdowns for age than previous ones. Categories (for both males & females) were <5, 5-9, 10,14, 15-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99, and 100 & over. The specific census language was, for example, "at least 5 but not 10".

We've extracted the Taylor families in selected counties here.


Tax Lists

Especially for those years before 1790, tax lists are an important replacement to a census for documenting the presence of a person in a place. A tax lists tells you very little about families, it does tell you more about owned property.

We present some:

See also the transcribed 1719 tax list & the 1815 lists by district at the Craven Public Library site.


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