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Descendants of John Boyd who married Margaret (Ginny)
           Long in Boston,  Massachusetts, 1731.

                    (C)  1993 richboyd"at"

  (Skip the ancient Boyd part and go directly to John and Margaret)

The first Boyd appeared in the middle 1200s in Cunningham in Northern
Ayrshire, Scotland. The family has been associated with Ayrshire and
other parts of southwest Scotland since the time of the de Moreville

Our first chief was Robert Boyd who fought at the Battle of Bannock-
burn 24 June 1314. For his service to Bruce he was awarded
the lands of Kilmarnock, Dalry, Bondington, Hertschaw, Kilbride, etc.
Kilmarnock became the family seat.  The family earned the nickname
"The Trusty Boyds" because of their loyalty to the cause of Scottish

The Boyds of Scotland reached the height of their power when Lord
Alexander Boyd became Regent during the minority of King James III.
In 1469 the family fell from power.  (see A short History of Scotland
by P. Hume Brown, 1908.)

In the 16th century, some Boyds moved to Ulster in Ireland and became
part of the English settlement of Northern Ireland. During this same
time different branches of the family produced well known scholars
such as Mark Alexander Boyd, poet, Zachary Boyd who translated the
bible into verse, and James Boyd, 1st Laird of Trochrig and
Archbishop of Glasgow.

William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, fell heir to the Earldom at the
age of 13 when his father died.  He participated in the Jacobite
Rising of 1745 and was executed for treason on August 18, 1746. His
eldest surving son James, became 15th Earl of Errol.  Scottish law
dictated he change his name to HAY in order to assume the title.  The
Boyd line was carried down through the Hay family for several
generations until Gilbert Alan Rowland Hay became 6th Baron
Kilmarnock upon the death of his brother, Josslyn Victor Hay 22nd
Earl of Errol. Gilbert immediately changed his surname back to BOYD,
the surname of his ancestors. His son Alistair Ivor Gilbert Boyd is
currently 7th Baron Kilmarnock.

                 DEAN CASTLE

The Home of the Boyd family was in Kilmarnock. Dean Castle takes its
name from "the Dean" or wooded valley. Until about 1700 it was called
Kilmarnock Castle. After an accidental fire gutted the Palace area in
1735, the Castle had almost two centuries of neglect.

The restoration of the Castle was carried out by the 8th Lord Howard
de Walden who inherited the estate in 1899. In 1975 his son, the 9th
Lord, gifted the Castle and its magnificent collections to Kilmarnock
and Loudoin District Council. In 1976 Dean Castle was opened as a
museum. The Country Park in which the Castle is situated was formally
opened in 1980.


Alastair Ivor Gilbert Boyd, 7th Baron Kilmarnock,  direct descendant
of William, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock,  was  born 11 May 1927.  He suc-
ceeded his father in 1975. Lord Kilmarnock was educated at Bradfield
and King's College, Cambridge. He is a member of Delegacy Goldsmith's
College.  He is also Vice-President  of  the Association of District
Councils  and  a  spokesman  on  Health,  Social Services and Social
Security.   He is author of  Sabbatical Year (1958),  The Road from
Ronda  (1969)  and  The Companion Guide to Madrid and Central Spain
(1972).                                                          (C) William J. Boyd, 1988




                    Chapter 1


                      (The Ancient Boyds)
     (Skip the ancient Boyd part and go directly to John and Margaret)

SIR ROBERT BOYD,  who,  in  a  charter of Sir John Erskine in
1282, is designated ROBERTUS DE BOYD, MILES.  He was a man of
great  bravery,  and  highly  distinguished  himself  at  the
battle  of  Largs,  where  King Alexander III gained a signal
victory  over HACO (Haakon)  King  of  Norway, A.D. 1263, for
which the king rewarded him with a grant of lands in Cunning-
ham. He died in 1270. His son:

SIR ROBERT BOYD,  was one of the Scots Barons who were forced
to swear fealty to  King Edward I,  when he over-ran Scotland,
A.D. 1298. In the following year he joined Sir Walter Wallace
and  did  everthing  a  valiant  man  could do to relieve his
country from the ignomy of a foreign yoke. He died about 1300
and was succeeded by his son:

SIR ROBERT BOYD  who  was  a great and worthy patriot. He was
one  of the first to join the gallant Bruce, and continued to
be the  ardent  and  devoted  friend  of  that  monarch.  The
generous king rewarded his faithful services  with  gifts  of
lands, and  Baronies,  of  Kilmarnock,  Bondington, Hertsham,
Kilbride,  Ardniel,  Dalny, and many others forfeited by John
Baliol.  The  charters  may  be  seen in the Public Archives,
dated A.D. 1308, 1360, &c. Sir Robert  died  in the beginning
of  the  reign  of  David  Bruce and left three sons, Thomas,
Allan, a brave man who was  killed  in the siege of Perth, in
1339, and James, mentioned in a charter 1342.

SIR THOMAS BOYD  of  Kilmarnock  flourished  in  the reign of
David Bruce. He had three sons, Thomas,  his  heir,  William,
ancestor of the Boyds of Badenheath, who,  obtained a charter
from  King David  in  1368,  and  a third son Robert de Boyd,
ancestor of the Boyds of Partincross in Ayrshire.

SIR THOMAS BOYD,  designated  Dominus de Kilmarnock, had been
guilty of the slaughter of Neilson of  Dalrymple in feud, for
which he obtained a remission  from  Robert,  Duke of Albany,
who  was  Governor  of  Scotland  A.D.  1409.  He married the
daughter and co-heiress  of  Sir  William  Gifford,  Lord  of
Yester, and by her had a  great accession of fortune, and was
a  man  of  distinguished  abilities, who made a great figure
during the reign of James I, and who was one of his sureties,
when he  came  to  Scotland to concert measures for obtaining
his  liberty  in  1421.  He  was also one of the hostages for
ransom, in 1424. He married Janet Montgomery of the family of
Ardrossan, and by her had Sir THomas,  his heir, and William,
Abbot of Kilwinning. He died in 1432.

SIR THOMAS BOYD,   Lord  of  Kilmarnock succeeded his father.
He had two sons, Robert, his heir, and  Sir Alexander Boyd of
Duncan, who was  Precepter  to  King James III.   His  eldest
daughter, Janet,  was  married to John Maxwell of Calderwood,
and  his  second  daughter,  Margaret,  to  Alexander,   Lord
Montgomery.   Sir Thomas  had been concerned in the murder of
Lord Darnley, and Sir Alexander Stewart, in revenge, murdered
him at Craignaught Hall, July 9, 1439. His son:

was  a  man of great parts, and eminent as a statesman. He was in
such greatfavor with King James II, that he created him  Lord  of  Par-
liament in 1459.

The  eminent abilities of this distinguished nobleman claim a
more  extended  notice,  as  they  raised  him to the highest
pinnacle of grandeur. Historians have  thought  it sufficient
honour  to record of his father that  he  had for his son THE
GREAT ROBERT BOYD. In what manner the early years of his life
were  passed,  or  of  what  age  he was when deprived of the
guidance  and  instruction  of his father, we are uninformed.
Towards the end of the  reign  of  King James II, he began to
make a considerable figure,  and  to  attract much attention.
His great penetration and sound judgement rendered him useful
at court. His knowledge of mankind was  unsurpassed by any of
his time. His courtesy  and  affability  made him a universal
favorite,  so  that  he acquired the esteem and confidence of
all classes of people, as well as the favor of his Prince, by
whom he was created a  Baron, and called to Parliament by the
name and  title  of  LORD BOYD OF KILMARNOCK. He added to his
grandeur  by   alliances  made  with  many  great  and  noble
families,  and  by  the  large additions which he made to his
paternal inheritance.

The  first  time  we  find his Lordship engaged in any public
employment was in the  year  1459, when he was one of several
Lords, Barons, and Prelates,  who were sent to England in the
character of Plenipotentiaries  to renew  the truce with that
country,  just  then expired. They prolonged it at Newcastle,
for seven years. Upon the unhappy death, in 1460, of James II
Lord Boyd was made Justiciary, and was named one of the Lords
of Regency,  in whose hands was lodged the administrations of
affairs  during  the young kings minority. Buchanan speaks of
him as  Lord Chancellor,  but  this  is  a mistake, witness a
charter of James II (date Jan 23,1461)  under the Great Seal,
in  which  Lord  Evandale  is named as a witness, as "ANDREA,

His  lordship's  younger brother, Alexander of Duncan, parti-
cipated in the Royal favor,  and was knighted by the king, to
whom  he  had  been  appointed instructor in the ruduments of
Military disipline, in which he was a great proficient.
As  the  Lord Boyd had a great share in the administration of
affairs  in virtue of his office, so his brother Alexander by
his  constant  access to the person of the young king, as his
tutor, had great influence over the inclinations of his Royal
pupil, insomuch  that the two brothers found means to engross
most of the places  and  preferments about the court to their
own family and friends. Sir Alexander began to instill in the
mind  of  the  young  king,  then  12  years old,  notions of
manhood and liberty, insinuating that he was  now  old enough
to  govern  without the help of guardians and tutors, so that
he  might,  and  ought  to, free himself from that restraint.
This  advice  was  readily  accepted  by  the young king, who
resolved to take the government upon  himself,  which was, in
effect, to take it out of the hands of  regents, and transfer
it  to  the  Boyds.  The king was at this time in Linlithgow,
where Lord Kennedy,  one  of the regents, kept a watchful eye
on  him.  It  thus  became  necessary  to  take  the  king to
Edinburgh,  that  he  might  assume the Royal government, and
this was effected by the Boyds in the following manner.  They
ordered a hunting party for the King  on  July 20, 1466,  and
instead of pursuing the chase, they turned towards Edinburgh.
Lord Kennedy speedily overtook them,  and, laying his hand on
the bridal of the  King's  horse,  requested him to return to
Linlithgow,  and  bade  him  beware  of those guides who thus
treasonably attempted to take him away, as, by a statute then
recently passed, it had been made high  treason to remove the
King's person without the  consent of  the State in Paliament
first obtained. But the Boyd's thought that the King's person
would shield them from harm,  and that an after statute would
cancel the former. In this  assurance, Sir Alexander Boyd, as
if  he  meant  to  resent  the insolence offered to the King,
after  some  angry  words,  gave  Lord  Kennedy a blow to his
hunting  staff,  who  thereupon left them, and they proceeded
unmolested  to  Edinburgh.  Lord  Boyd  then began to prepare
for his own safety, and to avert the danger  which threatened
him and his friends. They  therefore  prevailed upon the King
to call a parliament  at  Edinburgh, which convened (in 1466)
the Lord Boyd fell upon his knees before the throne where the
King  sat,  and, in a long and elaborate harangue, complained
of the hard  construction put on the King's removal from Lin-
lithgow,  and  how  ill  his services in bringing the King to
Edinburgh  were  interpreted  by  his enemies, who threatened
that  the  instigators  should  one day suffer for it, and he
humbly  begged  the  King's  opinion thereon. The King, after
advising  a  short  time with his Lords, made answer that the
Lord Boyd  was  not  his  advisor but rather his companion on
that journey  and  therefore  more worthy of a reward for his
courtesy than of punishment for his compliance, and that this
he  was willing to declare in a public decree of the Estates,
and  thereby  silence  his  enemies,  and  in the same decree
provision should be made that the matter should never be made
prejudicial to the Lord Boyd or his companions.  His lordship
then desired that the decree might be registered in the Acts
of the Assembly,  and confirmed by letters patent
under the Great Seal.

This was complied with; the declarations were recorded and an
instrument  was granted to his Lordship under the Great Seal,
(which is still  extant in the King's archives in Edinburgh).
At the same time  by the advise of the council, the King gave
him letters patent, constituting him as sole Regent, and com-
mitting to him the entire keeping and safety of the King, his
Royal brothers and sisters, and all the jurisdiction over all
his subjects  till the King should arrive at 20 years of age.
The nobles  present  immediately promised their assistance to
Lord Boyd  and  his  brother in all their public actions, and
agreed  to  be  liable  to  punishment if they should fail to
fulfill their promise. This stipulation and covenant the King
also subscribed.

Lord Boyd's nomination to so great a dignity was not effected
by  a  private junto, but in full and open Parliament and, as
the  King  himself  declared, "CONSENSII CAETERORUM

Great  as  his  Lordship  now was, he had not yet reached the
summit  of  his  glory.  The honours which he had already re-
ceived  paved  the way for still greater. Having now the sole
administrations  in  his own hands, it was not long before he
had  opportunity  of  getting into the highest offices in the
kingdom.  On  August 25, 1467,  he  was  appointed  Lord high
Chamberlain  of  Scotland. His commision, (which the Crawfurd
had seen)  was  issued,  bearing  the Great Seal of the above
date and was "Provit".

Some  matters  of high concern were taken out of the hands of
the high  Chamberlain  and reserved for a commission. Of this
class were the  marriages  of  the king, his sisters, and his
brothers  the  Duke  of  Albany  and  the  Earl of Mar. This,
however, did not hinder the Lord Chamberlain  from  obtaining
the hand of the Lady Mary Stewart, the King's  eldest sister,
in marriage for his son:

SIR THOMAS BOYD.  This  young  nobleman was most accomplished
and  his  marriage and near alliance with the Crown, added to
his own distinguished merit,  raised him to a nearer place in
the affection as well as confidence of his sovereign, by whom
he  was,  soon  after,  created Earl of ARRAN. With his Royal
bride he  obtained  many  lands, and was himself esteemed the
fountain from which all honours and preferments must flow.

The Lord Chamberlain,  by  this  great accession of honour to
his family, seemed to have arrived at the highest pinnacle of
pomp and grandeur, and this, in appearance,  too  well  based
to be easily shaken.

The  King was declared friend and patron, a great part of the
nobility in  league with him, the administration of the whole
government  in  his  hands, his brother in no less esteem and
favour  with  the  King,  and  future greatness of his family
secured by his son's marriage with the King's sister.

But, such is the instability of human affairs, and so deceit-
ful  the smiles of fortune, that what seemed to be a prop and
support  for  the establishment of the power and greatness of
this family proved  to be the very means of its overthrow, by
stirring up the  most  bitter and jealous enemies. About this
time a marriage  having been concluded by ambassadors sent to
Denmark for that purpose, between  the young king of Scotland
and Margaret, daughter of  the  king  of Denmark, the Earl of
Arran was pitched upon,  as a nobleman in every way qualified
for so honourable and magnificent  an  embassy, to go over to
that kingdom and espouse the  Danish  princess in the name of
his brother-in-law the King,  and to conduct her to Scotland.
The Earl of Arran, judging all things at home safe, willingly
accepted this honour, and,  in the autumn of 1469, sailed for
Denmark with  a  proper  convoy, and a noble train of friends
and  followers.  This was a fatal step. For the Lord Chamber-
lain, the Earl's  father, being necessarily absent from court
a large part of the time, in discharge of his office, as well
as  through  age and infirmity, -which was also the case with
his brother  Alexander, - the Earl of Arran  had scarcely set
out on his jounney before his enemies  began  to plot for his
ruin, and the  downfall  of  his  family.  The Kennedy's were
powerful,  and  exceedingly  bitter in their hostility. Every
art that malice could suggest was tried to alienate the King.
Every  public  miscarriage  was  laid  at their door, and the
Kennedy's  spread about reports to inflame the people against
them.  They represented  that the Lord Chamberlain was an am-
bitious  and  aspiring man, guilty of the higest offences and
capable of  contriving  and  instigating the worst villanies;
that he had stained  the  Royal  blood by marrying his son to
the Princess Mary.  The  King, weak, credulous, and wavering,
and naturally prone to jealousy,  began  to  alarmed,  and at
length, giving way to his new counsellors, and flattered with
the  prospect of filling his coffers with the confiscated es-
tate of the  obnoxious  Lord, sacrificed not only the Earl of
Arran, but all  his  family,  to the malice and resentment of
their enemies.  Notwithstanding their own and their ancestors
great  service  to  the  crown, and in spite of those ties of
blood which united them so  closely to each other, James sum-
moned a parliament to meet at  Edinburgh on the 20th November
1469, before which  the  Lord Boyd, the Earl of Arran (though
in Denmark) and Sir Alexander Boyd of Duncan were premptorily
summoned  to  give an account of their administration, and to
answer to such charges as should be brought against them.

The  high Chamberlain was astonished at this sudden blow, and
betook himself  to  arms,  or at least, appeared with such an
attendence of armed men as obliged the government to call out
the  Royal  forces. So unequal a contest the weaker party de-
clined, and his Lordship,  distrusting Parliament, escaped to
England.  But  his  brother,  Sir Alexander,  being sick, and
trusting in  his own integrity, was brought before Parliament
where he, the Lord Boyd,  and  the Earl of Arran were, at his
majesty's instance,  indicted  for  high treason for carrying
the King  from Linlithgow to Edinburgh in 1466. Sir Alexander
alleged  in  his  defense that they had not only obtained the
King's  pardon for that offense, in public convention, but it
was declared by a subsequent parliament to be a  good service
and he desired  a  copy of that act might be transcribed, but
this was denied him,  and  it  was alleged that the King only
forbore his  personal  resentment,  which did not exempt them
from the punishment  of the law.  They were found guilty by a
jury of noble Lords and Barons  and condemned. Sir Alexander,
being present, was sentenced to lose his head, which sentence
was  speedily  executed, in Edinburgh. Lord Boyd, who had es-
caped into England,  avoided  a  like  fate, but did not long
survive his downfall. He died at Ainwick in 1470. The Earl of
Arran,  though  absent,  and  that  on  the King's and public
business   of  great  importance,  was,  without  a  hearing,
declared a public enemy, and all his estates confiscated.

Things  were  in this situation when he arrived from Denmark,
in the firth of  fourth,  with  the espoused queen. Before he
landed he received  inteligence  of  the ruin of his family,-
for his lady, on  the  first news of the approach of the Dan-
ish fleet, made immediately to her beloved Lord, and informed
him of the calamity.  Thinking it unsafe to land, he resolved
to return to Denmark; and without waiting for the ceremony of
the Queen's landing,  he embarked to Denmark with his lady in
one of the Danish vessels,  and  sailed  to Denmark, where he
met  with  a  noble  reception suitable to his high birth and
real  merit.  He traveled thence through Germany into France,
where he  prevailed on Louis XI to attempt his reconciliation
with his  Royal  brother-in-law, but without success. He then
left  the French court, and went to Charles, Duke of Burgundy
who received him graciously, and accepted his services in the
war  he  was then waging with his rebelious subjects. Finding
him a brave and wise man, he honoured and  supported him  and
Lady Mary  in  a  manner becoming their rank; -whereupon King
James  wrote  over to  Flanders,  and  recalled  his sister.
Knowing, however, the great affection she had for her husband
and  fearing  she  would  not  leave him, he caused others to
write  to  her and give her hopes that if she would come over
and sue for  pardon  for her husband, she would be graciously
heard and he be restored to favour. Flattered with these fair
promises,  the  countess  of  Arran  resolved  to  try if her
presence and entreaties could move her brother to compassion.

No sooner was she arrived in Scotland than the faithless king
began to urge a divorce  from her husband;  cruelly detaining
her, and causing citations to be fixed up at Kilmarnock, com-
manding  Thomas Boyd of Arran to appear within sixty days, on
his failing to do  which, his marriage with the King's sister
was declared null and void, and a divorce made, (according to
Buchanan),  the Earl now being alive, and unheard (1474). The
Lady Mary was then  compelled to marry James Lord Hamilton, a
man  inferior  to  her  former  husband,  both  in  birth and

The Earl,  borne  down by the weight of his misfortunes, died
soon  after,  at Antwerp, where he was honourably interred at
the expense  of  the Duke of Burgundy, in 1474. The Duke also
erected  a superb monument to his memory, with an inscription
suitable to the great character he left behind him.

Some  writers affirm that the Earl of Arran died in 1470, but
this is an error.  It  was his father, Lord Boyd, who died in
that year, at Ainwick, (whence, probably, the mistake arose).
The  Earl  of Arran did not return from the Danish expedition
till 1470;  he  then went to Denmark, Germany, and France; at
each  of  which  Courts he must have stayed some time.  After
that,  he  entered  into  service  with  the Duke of Burgundy
and served in his wars. During his  residence  in that court,
the Lady Mary bore him a son and a  daughter before returning
to Scotland.  All of this  could  not  have been accomplished
earlier than 1474.  The Earl  did  not die till the Lady Mary
had  arrived  in  Scotland,    whither  she  had  been  lured
ostensibly  that  she  might  obtain  favor  for him, and she
arrived there in 1474. It is evident from  King James conduct
that he had determined to give his sister  another husband at
any cost and he must  either  have  forced her into an adult-
erous  marriage,  with  Hamilton,  or  else have effected the
marriage  in  the  very  earliest  days of her widowhood. Her
affectionate  behaviour  to  the  Earl  of  Arran forbids our
supposing  that  she  would have married again quickly except
under compulsion.  Now, if her husband were already dead, why
did King James clamor for divorce.

While  these papers were in course of revision, a friend sent
in the following interesting note.

"Authorities  are  all  agreed that the ballad of Sir Patrick
Spens is of uncertain date; it does not answer, in all parti-
culars to any one  authentic  incident in Scottish history. A
note in  Allingham's "ballad Book" tells us that "Mr. Finlay"
thinks it (the ballad) more likely to have to do  with  James
3rd's marriage with Margaret, daughter of the King of Denmark
and  I  don't  see  why not. The changed catastrophy need not
surprise us.  A  national  ballad  is  not a chronicle, nor a
police report."

Its  function  is  not  to  embalm details of a crime, but to
express and encite noble emotions,  and the bard may sing not
what was but what should have been. The ballad in question is
a tale of pity  and  terror;  it  hints,  indeed at treachery
(which  is  an  ingredient  in  most tragedies; but we are at
least spared the shameful record of  Royal dishonour. If this
were done designedly, it rather  neatly  emphasises the moral
that  fifty  fathom  water  is  more  merciful than a corrupt

After the terrible disaster which befell the house of Boyd at
the time of the king's marriage with the Danish Princess, the
fortunes of the family were not  long in reviving;  thus  The
Lord high Chamberlain,  Robert Boyd, had, besides the Earl of
Arran, two sons   (by his former wife Marion, daughter of Sir
Robert Maxwell of Calderwood), named Archibald and Alexander;
also a daughter;  married  to  the  Earl of Angus (Chancellor
under James IV). After the downfall of the Boyds,  the Barony
and  Lordship  of  Kilmarnock  fell  to  the crown, and there
continued till 1492, when the King,  taking compassion on his
nephew,  the  son  of  the late Earl of Arran, and out of the
love  which  he  bore  to his sister, restored her son to the
Barony  of  Kilmarnock  and  other  lands  belonging  to  his
ancestors;  also  to  the  title  of Lord Boyd. But, he dying
without issue, (being killed by Lord Montgomery) the Lordship
returned  again  to the Crown; and the line was carried on by
Alexander,  second  son  of  the  late  Lord Chamberlain, and
brother to the late Earl of Arran. In a grant which he had of
land in 1494, he is styled FILIUS ROBERTI, QUONDAM DOMINI.

ALEXANDER BOYD  the  second  son of the late Lord Chamberlain
(the great Robert Boyd)   had,  as  already  told,  a  sister
married to the Earl of Angus,  Chancellor to James IV. Partly
through the interest of that nobleman, and partly through his
own dutiful behaviour, he was,  by  James IV,  made "Baillie"
and Chamberlain of Kilmarnock for the Crown, and was restored
to  part  of  that  Lordship,  with  a  grant of the lands of
Bordland.   He was a great  favorite  of James IV, and by him
advanced to many honours. He married a daughter of Sir Robert
Colville of Ochiltree, and had three sons, Robert, Thomas the
ancestor  of  the  Boyds  of  Picton, and Adam, from whom the
Boyds of Pinkhill and Trochrig are descended.

ROBERT BOYD  suceeded  his father and became a great favorite
with King James V,  whom  he  faithfully served, both at home
and  abroad,  so  that  the King  bestowed upon him the whole
lordship  of  Kilmarnock  (May 20, 1536).  He  also had, by a
grant of the Earl of Arran (Governnor of Scotland  during the
minority of Queen Mary) many  other lands; formerly belonging
to his ancestors.  In 1536,  he was restored to the title and
and honours as well  as the estate of Lord Boyd, and in March
1544 he was served  and returned heir to his cousin James. He
married Helen, daughter of Sir James Summervail of Canmethan,
by whom  he  had Robert,  and Margaret who married Neil Mont-
gomery of Landshan. He died in 1550.

ROBERT LORD BOYD  succeeded  his  father,  and was the fourth
bearing the title.  During his lifetime  the  family  revived
again.  He  was a  nobleman of  great parts, possessing in an
eminent  degree  all  those  hereditary  qualities  that  had
rendered  the  name  of  Boyd illustrious. The trouble of the
times during the hapless reign  of the unfortunate Queen Mary
gave him sufficient opportunities of exercising his talents.

That  Princess  in 1549,  had  been graciously pleased to re-
cognise his title to the honours of  Lord Boyd, under letters
patent of the Great Seal;  and he  retained her confidence by
faithful adherence, maintaining his loyal service even in the
worst  of  times,  till  the  almost  total supression of her
interests;  assisting  her  with his counsel, and risking his
own  life  in her defence on every occasion; although, at the
same  time,  he  condemned  the imprudence which involved the
Queen in  her  difficulties,  as well as the violent measures
taken  by  her  subjects against her.  Upon her marriage with
Bothwell he entered into  an  association with other Lords to
punish the King's  murderers; to disolve the Queen's marriage
and  at  the  same  time to defend the infant Prince from his
mother and step-father.  He,  however, continued to serve the
Queen and was made one of the Lords of the privy-council, and
selected  by  her  to treat with the rebel lords; they having
refused to treat with her. Lord Boyd then commanded a part of
her  army  at the battle of Longside, where she was defeated.
Upon the  Queens retirement into England,  Commissioners were
appointed by Queen Elizabeth and Lord Murray (Regent of Scot-
land) to hear and determine the controversy  between Mary and
her subjects; and Lord Boyd was chosen to be  a commissioner,
on behalf of Queen Mary. He was also  employed  in  the fatal
affair of her intended marriage with  the Duke of Norfolk. He
was, in short, one of her  chief  defenders on all ocassions,
until 1571,  when the Earl of Morton,  then regent; persuaded
Lord Boyd and the Earl of Argyle to desert the Queen's party;
bestowing on the former a large  grant  of  land, at the same
time that the Earl of Argyle  was divorced from his wife, and
married Lord Boyd's daughter. After this Lord Boyd was one of
the commissioners who subscribed the treaty of Perth. In 1578
he was on the Commission  to  treat with England for suppres-
sing the border incursions.   In 1581 he conspired with other
Lords to remove the Duke of Lennox, (a Papist) from court. To
do this, they seized the King, confined him to Ruthven house,
and compelled him to banish the duke. For this Lord Boyd came
near losing his life, but escaped to France. Returning thence
in 1585 he was pardoned, and in the same year was sent ambas-
sador  to  England,  together  with  the Earl of Bothwell, to
arrange a treaty for the defence of the  protestant Religion,
as well as a firm and lasting  peace  between the two realms;
a treaty which they concluded and signed.

This league was  formed in consequence of the one made by the
Kings  of  France and Spain with the Pope for the extirpation
of  the  Protestant  cause.   Lord Boyd died in 1589, and was
buried  among his ancestors in the church of Kilmarnock under
a fair tomb,  with  the  following strange verse by way of an

    Here lies that godly noble, wise Lord Boyd
         Who Kirk and commons all record
         Which were while they this jewel all enjoyed
         Maintained, governed, and councill'd by that Lord
         His ancient house oft peril'd, he restored
         Twice six and sixty years he lived and syne
         By death the 3rd of January devoured
         In anno thrice five hundred eighty nine

His  wife  was Margaret,  daughter  and  sole heiress of Sir
George Colquhoun of Glins. By this marriage he made additions
to  his  paternal inheritence; and had children,  Robert, who
died without issue;  Thomas,  who succeeded him, William, who
married  the  heiress  of  Badenheath;  also daughters; Giles
married to Hugh, Earl of Eglinton;  Agnes, to James Colquhoun
of Luss; Christiana,  to  Sir James Hamilton of Avendale; and
Eliza, to Cunningham of Drumquhassel. His son:

THOMAS BOYD, the 5th Lord of Boyd, suceeded him, and obtained
charters of  many  lands  and Baronies between 1595 and 1599,
and married Margaret, daughter of Sir Matthew Campbell of Lon-
don (ancestor to the Earl of that name) by whom he had a son,
Robert,  who was  Master 1. of Boyd, and a daughter who married
James Hamilton, Earl of Abercorn. His other children were Sir
Thomas Boyd of  Bedlay; Adam, who married Margaret, sister of
Robert  Galbraith  of  Kilkroich,  also  John  Boyd  Esq.,  a
daughter married to Blair of Blair, and one to Elphinston  of
Blythesrood.  He  died  in  1616,  and  was  succeeded by his

ROBERT BOYD,  6th  Lord  Boyd, was served and returned heir to his
father  in  1612,  and  succeeded his grandfather in 1619. He
married Christiana,  daughter of Thomas Hamilton Earl of Mad-
dington, by whom he had a son and four daughters, one of whom
married Morrison of Prestonrange, one, Sinclair of Stevenston
one Scott of Marden,  and  one Dundas of Armiston. He died in
1622, and was succeeded by his son:

ROBERT BOYD,  7th  Lord Boyd, who married a daughter of the second
Earl of Wigton,  and  died  without issue 1640, being greatly
regretted  as  a man of much promise. He was succeeded by his

 1. The eldest son of a Scottish Baron, who, if he had sur-
   vived  his  father, would  have inherited the title, is
   called "Master of &c".

JAMES BOYD,  8th Lord Boyd,  2nd son of Robert, Master of Boyd. He
was a man of great worth and honour, and a  steady  supporter
of the unfortunate Charles. (For this, the  usurper fined him
1500 Pounds Sterling). He married Catherine, daughter of John
Craik of York, by whom he  had a  daughter,  Eva, who married
Sir David Cunningham of  Robertland. He died in 1654, and was
succeeded by his son:

WILLIAM BOYD,  9th  Lord  Boyd,  who gave early proofs that he in-
herited  all  the  abilities  and shining qualities which had
rendered his ancestors so  illustrious. He was esteemed a man
of great wit  and  learning, which recommended him to the gay
court  of  Charles II.   He had been remarkedly active in the
interest  of  that  monarch's restoration, for which, and for
some  services  to the  Crown, he was, by letters Patent, Aug
7th, 1661, created EARL of KILMARNOCK.
Images of 1st Earl, William Boyd

He married Lady Jane, daughter of William Cunningham, Earl of
Glencairn.  He died in 1692, leaving four sons and two daugh-
ters. Of the latter, one,  Lady Mary,  married  Sir Alexander
Mclean,  the  other,  Lady Margaret,  married  Porterfield of
Porterfield.   The sons were William, Robert,1 Captain James,
and Charles.

1.  Robert Boyd was  born in  August 1689, and baptised on
   the 24th of August. He died at Kilmarnock in 1760 aged
   72. He married Margaret Thompson and had four sons and
   a daughter.  John settled in London, William, northern
   Scotland,  James* at  Newburyport, MA.  Alexander, born
   about  1720 at  Kilmarnock and  Margaret  who  married
   Fairservice of Kilmarnock.  *This claim is disputed by Sir
   James Balfour Paul, in his edition of Robert Woods "Peerage
   of Scotland".

WILLIAM BOYD, 2nd Earl of Kilmarnock suceeded his father, (1692),
and married Lettice,   daughter of Thomas Boyd, Esq., an emi-
nent  merchant  of  Dublin, by whom he had William, his heir,
and  Thomas,  the advocate.  He survived his father but a few
months, and was suceeded by his son:

WILLIAM BOYD, 3rd  Earl of  Kilmarnock,  whose charter bears date
July 20, 1699.  He married Eupheme, daughter of Lord Ross, by
whom  he  had  a son and successor. This nobleman was no less
distinguished  for  his abilities than were his predecessors.
He was a zealous member of the Parliament of Scotland, though
wavering  in  his  conduct  with  regard  to the Union of the
Crowns,  and  ultimately  joining with those who favored that
measure.   In  the  rebellion  of  1715, he was active in the
service of the government. He died in 1717.

WILLIAM BOYD, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock succeeded his father when but
13 years of age.

Images of 4th Earl, William Boyd

He  married  Lady Ann Livingstone,  daughter and sole heir of
James, 5th Earl of Linlithgow and Callander, by Lady Mary Hay
(daughter of John, 12th Earl of Errol)  and  had sons, James,
Lord Boyd,  born  April  20,  1725, also Charles and William.
Lady Ann Livingstone, wife of the Earl of  Kilmarnock, died,
at Kilmarnock, September 1747.  Of her  three sons the eldest
had been educated in principles of loyalty, so that he was in
the army of the King, opposed to  his father in the battle of
Culloden.   In  the  rebellion  of  1745,  in  favour  of the
pretender, the unfortunate Earl of Kilmarnock, deviating from
the principles of his illustrious ancestors, fell a sacrifice
to the justice of his country. Being but 13 when  deprived of
the care and instruction  of his  father,  he fell into hands
unfavourable  to  integrity and honour. He manifested, in his
youth, a genius  not  inferior  to his high birth and illust-
rious descent. Finding the family estates much encumbered, he
chose retirement rather than public life.  A large portion of
the patrimony had been alienated, and  the  income was uncom-
fortably small. It was his Lordship misfortune to be too soon
let loose among the gaieties of  youth and as he grew up, in-
stead of applying himself to the dry assiduities of study, he
devoted  his  time  to  the  pursuit  of  far more  expensive
pleasures  than  his fortune could support. By this course he
considerably  reduced his already emaciated estate, which may
afford a probable  reason for  his engagement in the services
of the pretender,  Charles Edward Stuart. He did not join the
rebellion  at  first, but encouraged his tenants to serve the
King.   After  the  battle of Prestonpans he joined the rebel
army, and was received with marks of esteem and distinction.

He was made member of the privy-council, appointed Colonel of
the  guards, and promoted to the rank of general in the army.
He  behaved  with  courage and resolution, until at the fatal
battle  of  Culloden,  he  was taken prisoner, or surrendered
himself to the King's troops,  supposing them to be FitzJames
Calvary. On July 28, 1746,  he was, with the Earl of Cromarty
and  Lord Balmerino,  conducted to Westminster Hall, where he
pleaded  guilty to a charge of treason, and submitted himself
to  His Majesty's  mercy and clemancy. On Wednesday, July 30,
these  nobleman  were  brought  from  the  tower  to  receive
sentence.  When  his Lordship was asked if he had anything to
say  why  sentence of death should not be passed upon him, he
addressed  himself  to  the  Lord  Chancellor,  and the whole
august assembly, then consisting of his peers, and  delivered
an eloquent speech, after which, the  sentence  of  death was
passed  upon  him.  After this, he presented petitions to the
King,  and  Prince of  Wales,  and  the  Duke  of Cumberland,
wherein he set forth his family's  constant attachment to the
Royal  interests,  his  father's  zeal  and  activity  in the
rebellion of  1715,  and  also his own appearing in arms when
young,  under  his  father,  and  the whole tenor of his life
until this occasion.

But  the  services  of  his  ancestors  could not satisfy the
demands of justice, and, in accordance  with the sentence, he
was, on the 18th of August, 1746, beheaded on Tower Hill, his
estates and honours being forfeited to the Crown.

This  dismal  catastrophe  of the last Earl of Kilmarnock did
not entirely extinguish  the  light and glory of this ancient
family, for, happily, his eldest son and heir:

JAMES BOYD,   whose  devotion  to his sovereign led him
into  the  army  of  the  King to fight against his misguided
father, has shed a lustre upon the name which that father had
obscured.   He  became the 15th Earl of Errol on the death of
Mary,  Countess  of  Errol  in  1758,  his mother having been
heiress to that title and estate. He then took the surname of
HAY for his own.

 (Originally published by the Boyd Family of Scotland, 1904)


James Boyd 1  (1726-1778)  eldest  son  of  William  Boyd  4th
Earl of Kilmarnock,  after the   execution of his father, due
to his  fighting on the  side of  Bonnie Prince Charlie, sold
his Kilmarnock estates to his cousin, the Earl of Glencairne.
He took  up his  residence in  Slains  Castle, Aberdeenshire,
Scotland. In 1758 his great aunt,  Mary Hay, 14th Countess of
Errol, died and left no issue. James as a grandson of the 5th
Earl of Linlithgow and Margaret Hay, sister of Mary, succeed-
ed to the title as 15th Earl of Errol.  He thereupon changed
his name from Boyd to Hay.

James (BOYD) Hay,    15th Earl of Errol  (see pages 14 & 17)

George Hay                 16th Earl of Errol

William Hay                 17th Earl of Errol

William-George Hay   18th Earl of Errol, 1st Baron Kilmarnock

William Henry Hay     19th Earl of Errol, 2nd Baron Kilmarnock

Charles Gore Hay        20th Earl of Errol, 3rd Baron Kilmarnock

Victor A. Serald Hay    21st Earl of Errol, 4th Baron Kilmarnock

Josslyn Victor Hay       22nd Earl of Errol  5th Baron Kilmarnock
(died without male issue)  his daughter
Diana Denyse Hay     became 23rd Countess of Errol but could
not succeed to the Barony of Kilmarnock.
Merlin Serald Hay  24th Earl of Errol

Gilbert Allan Rowland Hay,   son of Victor A. Serald Hay and
brother to  Josslyn Victor Hay,22nd Earl of Erroll, succeeded as
6th  Baron Kilmarnock  and  changed his name back to BOYD the
surname of his ancestors.  His son:

Alastair Ivor Gilbert Boyd succeeded as 7th Baron Kilmarnock
on the death of his father in 1975 and is currently chief of
the Clan Boyd.

     1.  History of the Boyd Clan and Related Families by
          Frederick Tilghman Boyd, Ph.D, 1962
    Index Page

   Chapter 1           Chapter 1a   Chapter 2    Chapter 3
   Chapter 4    Chapter 5    Chapter 6
   Chapter 7    Chapter 8    Chapter 9

Clan Boyd Society, International