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Arms Driscoll DNA Project
Haplogroup I2a > P37.2 > PF4135 Isles A
DNA
Haplogroup I2a-Isles-A is a subclade of I2a described in a Wikipedia Article. Persons in this Haplogroup are advised to join the Y-Haplogroup I2a Project. The subclades are as defined by Nordtvedt and the defining markers are on the page: Y-Haplogroup I2a Project - Results. A study of the genesis and spread of Halopgroup I and its subclades is on this page: Nordtvedt's Haplogroup I Tree and Conjectured Spread Map. . The recently discovered SNP PF4135 is the terminal SNP of the clade. To date two Driscoll have tested positive; they are tagged in the Network diagram below.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 12 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
SMGF100_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 31 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 29 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 12 10 12 13 12 31 10 11 23 16 9 23 11
N55139_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 33-36 12 10
124026_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
17335_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 12 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 25 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10
153482_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 11-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
62175_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
97206_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 9 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 13 10
134529_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 19 19 35-35 12 10
N4601_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
321690_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 25 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
335798_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 13 10
248066_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10
N42839_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
129723_O'Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-17 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 12 19 19 35-36 12 10
79044_Driskell 13 24 15 11 12-17 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10
19560_Driskill 13 24 15 11 12-17 11 13 12 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
231635_O'Driscoll 13 25 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30
106531_Driscoll 13 25 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 16 19 36-36 12 10
94551_Driscoll 13 25 15 11 12-17 11 13 11 14 11 31 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
323220_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 10 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
191450_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 16-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
58461_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-23 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 33 14 8 15 8 27 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 16 9 12 23 15 20 11 24 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
255886_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 20 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
128677_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
138782_O'Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
87791_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 22 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
105554_O'Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 10 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
159729_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 36-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 12 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 12
318891_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 36-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 12 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 12
18378_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 18 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 10 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 22 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
241152_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-15-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 33-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
285960_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-14 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-35 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 18 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 12 24 15 21 11 25 14 12 14 24 12 24 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
46652_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 20 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 33 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 25 15 21 11 26 16 12 14 24 12 23 21 12 14 17 9 11 11
130455_O'Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 19 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
148166_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 19 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
97303_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
100934_O'Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-35 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 14 9 12 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
N80027_Minihan 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 20 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
285882_O'Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 34-35 13 10 11 8 16-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 31 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 31 10 11 23 14 11 13 22 15 20 11 25 15 12 13 24 12 22 19 12 14 17 9 11 11
61687_Paul 13 24 16 11 12-17 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-16 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
254545_Barry 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 21 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 14 18 19 35-37 12 10
90232_Danel 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 10-10 11 12 24 14 19 30 12-12-15-15 11 10 19-21 16 13 19 18 35-35 12 10
245513_O'Leary 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-37 12 10 11 8 16-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 31 10 11 23 15 11 12 22 15 21 12 24 16 12 14 24 12 22 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
213204_Carroll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 34-35 13 10
260363_McDonough 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-16 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
103208_McDaniel 13 25 15 11 12-16 11 12 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 25 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 11 11 19-21 16 13 18 18 35-36 13 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 21-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
S
M
G
F
1
0
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
5
5
1
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
4
0
2
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
7
3
3
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
3
4
8
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
2
1
7
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
2
0
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
4
5
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
4
6
0
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
1
6
9
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
3
5
7
9
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
8
0
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
4
2
8
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
9
7
2
3

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
7
9
0
4
4

D
r
i
s
k
e
l
l
1
9
5
6
0

D
r
i
s
k
i
l
l
2
3
1
6
3
5

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
6
5
3
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
4
5
5
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
3
2
2
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
9
1
4
5
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
5
8
4
6
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
5
5
8
8
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
8
6
7
7

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
8
7
8
2

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
8
7
7
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
5
5
5
4

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
9
7
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
1
8
8
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
8
3
7
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
1
1
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
8
5
9
6
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
4
6
6
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
0
4
5
5

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
4
8
1
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
3
0
3

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
0
9
3
4

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
8
0
0
2
7

M
i
n
i
h
a
n
2
8
5
8
8
2

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
1
6
8
7

P
a
u
l
2
5
4
5
4
5

B
a
r
r
y
9
0
2
3
2

D
a
n
e
l
2
4
5
5
1
3

O
'
L
e
a
r
y
2
1
3
2
0
4

C
a
r
r
o
l
l
2
6
0
3
6
3

M
c
D
o
n
o
u
g
h
1
0
3
2
0
8

M
c
D
a
n
i
e
l
modal 111 4 3 1 5 3 3 4 3 2 2 3 3 1 4 3 2 1 4 4 4 3 7 2 5 4 6 3 4 4 10 4 11 12 5 6 2 4 4 19 6 4 9 12 2 4 11
SMGF100_Driscoll 4 43 4 3 6 4 4 6 3 4 3 4 4 3 4 4 4 2 3 5 5 4 4 3 4 4 7 3 2 2 7 4 9 6 3 3 3 6 4 11 6 4 8 7 3 4 10
N55139_Driscoll 3 4 37 2 3 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 3 4 5 3 5 2 6 7 2 5 4 5 3 3 3 2 3 3 4 2 5 6 4 4 4 5 6 7 7 7 10 3 5 4 10
124026_Driscoll 1 3 2 37 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 4 4 2 5 4 3 2 5 5 2 3 2 3 4 4 4 3 2 2 5 2 3 4 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 5 10 4 3 5 10
17335_Driscoll 5 6 3 4 37 8 8 9 8 5 5 8 4 6 7 4 5 3 8 9 4 7 6 7 5 5 5 3 5 5 6 5 7 8 6 6 6 7 8 8 9 9 12 5 6 6 10
153482_Driscoll 3 4 6 4 8 37 2 5 4 5 3 4 6 4 7 6 5 2 5 5 6 3 2 3 6 6 6 5 4 4 7 6 7 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 12 6 5 7 12
62175_Driscoll 3 4 6 4 8 2 37 3 4 5 3 4 6 4 7 6 5 2 5 5 6 1 2 3 6 6 6 5 4 4 7 6 7 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 5 12 6 5 7 12
97206_Driscoll 4 6 7 5 9 5 3 37 5 6 6 5 7 5 8 7 6 2 8 8 7 2 3 4 7 7 7 6 5 5 8 7 8 5 5 6 5 6 7 6 9 6 13 7 4 8 11
134529_Driscoll 3 3 6 4 8 4 4 5 37 5 5 6 6 4 5 6 5 1 7 7 6 3 2 3 6 6 6 5 4 4 7 6 5 4 4 5 4 3 6 6 8 6 8 6 4 7 12
N4601_Driscoll 2 4 3 3 5 5 5 6 5 37 4 5 3 3 4 3 4 1 6 6 1 4 3 4 3 3 3 2 3 3 4 5 4 3 3 4 1 4 3 4 5 6 9 3 4 4 9
321690_Driscoll 2 3 5 3 5 3 3 6 5 4 37 3 5 3 6 5 4 1 4 4 5 4 3 4 5 5 5 4 3 3 6 5 6 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 11 5 4 6 9
335798_Driscoll 3 4 6 4 8 4 4 5 6 5 3 37 6 4 7 6 5 1 5 5 6 5 4 5 6 6 6 5 4 4 5 6 7 6 2 3 4 3 4 5 8 7 12 6 3 7 10
248066_Driscoll 3 4 3 4 4 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 37 2 5 2 5 1 6 7 4 5 4 5 3 3 3 1 3 3 4 5 7 6 4 4 4 5 6 4 7 7 10 3 4 4 8
N42839_Driscoll 1 3 4 2 6 4 4 5 4 3 3 4 2 37 5 4 3 1 5 5 4 3 2 3 4 4 4 3 2 2 5 4 5 4 2 3 2 3 4 3 6 5 10 4 3 5 8
129723_O'Driscoll 4 4 5 5 7 7 7 8 5 4 6 7 5 5 37 3 4 2 8 6 5 6 5 6 5 5 5 4 5 5 6 7 8 7 5 6 5 6 7 8 7 8 9 5 6 6 11
79044_Driskell 3 4 3 4 4 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 2 4 3 37 3 2 6 5 4 5 4 5 3 3 3 1 3 3 4 5 7 6 4 4 4 5 6 6 5 7 10 3 4 4 10
19560_Driskill 2 4 5 3 5 5 5 6 5 4 4 5 5 3 4 3 37 3 6 4 5 4 3 4 5 5 5 4 3 3 6 5 6 5 3 4 3 4 5 6 5 6 11 5 4 6 11
231635_O'Driscoll 1 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 12 0 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1
106531_Driscoll 4 3 6 5 8 5 5 8 7 6 4 5 6 5 8 6 6 0 37 4 7 6 5 6 5 5 5 5 4 4 6 6 8 7 3 2 5 6 7 8 7 8 13 6 6 6 11
94551_Driscoll 4 5 7 5 9 5 5 8 7 6 4 5 7 5 6 5 4 2 4 37 7 6 5 6 7 7 7 6 5 5 8 7 8 7 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 8 13 7 6 8 11
323220_Driscoll 4 5 2 2 4 6 6 7 6 1 5 6 4 4 5 4 5 2 7 7 67 7 6 6 7 6 6 3 8 8 8 6 7 6 9 10 4 7 6 9 8 7 10 7 5 6 13
191450_Driscoll 3 4 5 3 7 3 1 2 3 4 4 5 5 3 6 5 4 2 6 6 7 67 3 3 8 7 7 6 7 7 9 7 10 5 8 9 5 6 7 8 9 4 11 6 4 7 14
58461_Driscoll 7 4 4 2 6 2 2 3 2 3 3 4 4 2 5 4 3 1 5 5 6 3 111 2 7 6 13 5 6 6 17 6 18 15 7 8 4 11 6 24 8 5 10 17 3 6 12
255886_Driscoll 2 3 5 3 7 3 3 4 3 4 4 5 5 3 6 5 4 1 6 6 6 3 2 67 7 6 6 5 6 6 8 6 9 2 7 8 4 5 4 9 8 6 11 7 4 6 13
128677_Driscoll 5 4 3 4 5 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 3 4 5 3 5 1 5 7 7 8 7 7 67 1 1 5 8 8 3 8 12 9 10 9 7 8 9 12 9 7 8 5 5 3 12
138782_O'Driscoll 4 4 3 4 5 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 3 4 5 3 5 1 5 7 6 7 6 6 1 67 0 4 7 7 2 7 11 8 9 8 6 7 8 11 8 7 8 4 5 2 11
87791_Driscoll 6 7 3 4 5 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 3 4 5 3 5 1 5 7 6 7 13 6 1 0 111 4 7 7 6 7 17 16 9 8 6 10 8 23 8 7 8 11 5 2 11
105554_O'Driscoll 3 3 2 3 3 5 5 6 5 2 4 5 1 3 4 1 4 1 5 6 3 6 5 5 5 4 4 67 6 6 6 6 10 7 8 8 5 6 7 9 8 6 9 5 3 4 12
159729_Driscoll 4 2 3 2 5 4 4 5 4 3 3 4 3 2 5 3 3 1 4 5 8 7 6 6 8 7 7 6 67 0 9 7 11 8 9 9 6 7 8 11 9 4 10 7 3 7 15
318891_Driscoll 4 2 3 2 5 4 4 5 4 3 3 4 3 2 5 3 3 1 4 5 8 7 6 6 8 7 7 6 0 67 9 7 11 8 9 9 6 7 8 11 9 4 10 7 3 7 15
18378_Driscoll 10 7 4 5 6 7 7 8 7 4 6 5 4 5 6 4 6 1 6 8 8 9 17 8 3 2 6 6 9 9 111 9 19 20 11 10 8 12 8 27 10 8 9 15 6 4 13
241152_Driscoll 4 4 2 2 5 6 6 7 6 5 5 6 5 4 7 5 5 2 6 7 6 7 6 6 8 7 7 6 7 7 9 67 7 6 7 7 4 5 6 9 7 7 10 6 5 7 13
285960_Driscoll 11 9 5 3 7 7 7 8 5 4 6 7 7 5 8 7 6 2 8 8 7 10 18 9 12 11 17 10 11 11 19 7 111 17 8 9 5 11 7 21 8 7 11 21 5 10 16
46652_Driscoll 12 6 6 4 8 4 4 5 4 3 5 6 6 4 7 6 5 1 7 7 6 5 15 2 9 8 16 7 8 8 20 6 17 111 7 8 2 14 2 27 6 7 12 22 5 8 13
130455_O'Driscoll 5 3 4 2 6 2 2 5 4 3 1 2 4 2 5 4 3 1 3 3 9 8 7 7 10 9 9 8 9 9 11 7 8 7 67 1 5 6 7 8 9 5 10 8 3 9 14
148166_Driscoll 6 3 4 3 6 3 3 6 5 4 2 3 4 3 6 4 4 1 2 4 10 9 8 8 9 8 8 8 9 9 10 7 9 8 1 67 6 7 8 9 8 6 11 8 4 8 15
97303_Driscoll 2 3 4 2 6 4 4 5 4 1 3 4 4 2 5 4 3 1 5 5 4 5 4 4 7 6 6 5 6 6 8 4 5 2 5 6 67 3 2 5 4 5 10 5 3 6 11
100934_O'Driscoll 4 6 5 3 7 5 5 6 3 4 4 3 5 3 6 5 4 1 6 6 7 6 11 5 8 7 10 6 7 7 12 5 11 14 6 7 3 111 3 18 7 5 9 14 3 7 12
N80027_Minihan 4 4 6 4 8 6 6 7 6 3 5 4 6 4 7 6 5 1 7 7 6 7 6 4 9 8 8 7 8 8 8 6 7 2 7 8 2 3 67 7 6 7 12 7 5 8 13
285882_O'Driscoll 19 11 7 5 8 7 7 6 6 4 6 5 4 3 8 6 6 1 8 8 9 8 24 9 12 11 23 9 11 11 27 9 21 27 8 9 5 18 7 111 9 7 12 17 2 11 12
61687_Paul 6 6 7 6 9 8 8 9 8 5 7 8 7 6 7 5 5 3 7 7 8 9 8 8 9 8 8 8 9 9 10 7 8 6 9 8 4 7 6 9 67 9 14 8 7 6 15
254545_Barry 4 4 7 5 9 7 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 5 8 7 6 2 8 8 7 4 5 6 7 7 7 6 4 4 8 7 7 7 5 6 5 5 7 7 9 37 12 6 5 8 13
90232_Danel 9 8 10 10 12 12 12 13 8 9 11 12 10 10 9 10 11 1 13 13 10 11 10 11 8 8 8 9 10 10 9 10 11 12 10 11 10 9 12 12 14 12 37 8 10 9 12
245513_O'Leary 12 7 3 4 5 6 6 7 6 3 5 6 3 4 5 3 5 1 6 7 7 6 17 7 5 4 11 5 7 7 15 6 21 22 8 8 5 14 7 17 8 6 8 111 5 4 10
213204_Carroll 2 3 5 3 6 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 4 3 6 4 4 1 6 6 5 4 3 4 5 5 5 3 3 3 6 5 5 5 3 4 3 3 5 2 7 5 10 5 37 6 9
260363_McDonough 4 4 4 5 6 7 7 8 7 4 6 7 4 5 6 4 6 1 6 8 6 7 6 6 3 2 2 4 7 7 4 7 10 8 9 8 6 7 8 11 6 8 9 4 6 67 11
103208_McDaniel 11 10 10 10 10 12 12 11 12 9 9 10 8 8 11 10 11 1 11 11 13 14 12 13 12 11 11 12 15 15 13 13 16 13 14 15 11 12 13 12 15 13 12 10 9 11 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA will be less than the number shown with a probability of 95%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
S
M
G
F
1
0
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
5
5
1
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
4
0
2
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
7
3
3
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
3
4
8
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
2
1
7
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
2
0
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
4
5
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
4
6
0
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
1
6
9
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
3
5
7
9
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
8
0
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
4
2
8
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
9
7
2
3

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
7
9
0
4
4

D
r
i
s
k
e
l
l
1
9
5
6
0

D
r
i
s
k
i
l
l
2
3
1
6
3
5

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
6
5
3
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
4
5
5
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
3
2
2
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
9
1
4
5
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
5
8
4
6
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
5
5
8
8
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
8
6
7
7

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
8
7
8
2

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
8
7
7
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
5
5
5
4

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
9
7
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
1
8
8
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
8
3
7
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
1
1
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
8
5
9
6
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
4
6
6
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
0
4
5
5

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
4
8
1
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
3
0
3

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
0
9
3
4

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
8
0
0
2
7

M
i
n
i
h
a
n
2
8
5
8
8
2

O
'
D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
1
6
8
7

P
a
u
l
2
5
4
5
4
5

B
a
r
r
y
9
0
2
3
2

D
a
n
e
l
2
4
5
5
1
3

O
'
L
e
a
r
y
2
1
3
2
0
4

C
a
r
r
o
l
l
2
6
0
3
6
3

M
c
D
o
n
o
u
g
h
1
0
3
2
0
8

M
c
D
a
n
i
e
l
modal 111 48 31 19 43 31 31 37 31 24 24 31 31 19 37 31 24 102 31 37 27 23 23 19 32 27 21 23 27 27 28 27 31 33 32 36 19 16 27 50 36 37 68 33 24 27 58
SMGF100_Driscoll 48 43 64 53 85 64 53 74 53 53 53 64 64 53 64 64 64 142 53 74 58 48 48 48 58 58 72 48 39 39 72 58 80 56 48 48 39 56 48 80 68 53 108 64 53 58 120
N55139_Driscoll 31 64 37 24 31 49 49 55 49 31 43 49 31 37 43 31 43 102 37 49 24 43 37 43 31 31 31 24 31 31 37 24 43 49 37 37 37 43 49 55 55 55 75 31 43 37 68
124026_Driscoll 19 53 24 37 37 37 37 43 37 31 31 37 37 24 43 37 31 102 31 37 24 31 24 31 37 37 37 31 24 24 43 24 31 37 24 31 24 31 37 43 49 43 75 37 31 43 68
17335_Driscoll 43 85 31 37 37 62 62 68 62 43 43 62 37 49 55 37 43 142 49 62 37 55 49 55 43 43 43 31 43 43 49 43 55 62 49 49 49 55 62 62 68 68 89 43 49 49 68
153482_Driscoll 31 64 49 37 62 37 24 43 31 43 31 37 43 31 49 49 43 142 43 43 49 31 24 31 49 49 49 43 37 37 55 49 55 37 24 31 37 43 49 49 62 55 82 49 43 55 82
62175_Driscoll 31 53 49 37 62 24 37 31 31 43 31 37 43 31 49 49 43 142 43 43 49 19 24 31 49 49 49 43 37 37 55 49 55 37 24 31 37 43 49 49 62 43 82 49 43 55 82
97206_Driscoll 37 74 55 43 68 43 31 37 43 49 49 43 49 37 62 55 49 142 55 62 55 24 31 37 55 55 55 49 43 43 62 55 62 43 43 49 43 49 55 43 68 49 97 55 37 62 68
134529_Driscoll 31 53 49 37 62 31 31 43 37 43 37 43 43 31 43 49 43 102 43 49 49 31 24 31 49 49 49 43 37 37 55 49 43 37 31 37 37 31 49 43 62 49 62 49 37 55 82
N4601_Driscoll 24 53 31 31 43 43 43 49 43 37 37 43 31 31 37 31 37 102 43 49 19 37 31 37 31 31 31 24 31 31 37 43 37 31 31 37 19 37 31 37 43 49 68 31 37 37 68
321690_Driscoll 24 53 43 31 43 31 31 49 37 37 37 31 43 31 43 43 37 102 37 37 43 37 31 37 43 43 43 37 31 31 49 43 49 43 19 24 31 37 43 49 55 49 75 43 37 49 68
335798_Driscoll 31 64 49 37 62 37 37 43 43 43 31 37 49 37 49 49 43 102 43 43 49 43 37 43 49 49 49 43 37 37 43 49 55 49 24 31 37 31 37 43 62 55 82 49 31 55 75
248066_Driscoll 31 64 31 37 37 43 43 49 43 31 43 49 37 24 43 24 43 102 43 55 37 37 31 37 31 31 31 19 31 31 37 43 55 43 37 37 37 43 49 37 55 55 75 31 37 37 62
N42839_Driscoll 19 53 37 24 49 31 31 37 31 31 31 37 24 37 43 37 31 102 37 43 37 24 19 24 37 37 37 31 24 24 43 37 43 31 24 31 24 31 37 31 49 43 75 37 31 43 62
129723_O'Driscoll 37 64 43 43 55 49 49 62 43 37 43 49 43 43 37 31 37 142 49 43 43 49 43 49 43 43 43 37 43 43 49 55 62 55 37 43 43 49 55 62 55 55 68 43 49 49 82
79044_Driskell 31 64 31 37 37 49 49 55 49 31 43 49 24 37 31 37 31 142 43 43 37 43 37 43 31 31 31 19 31 31 37 43 55 49 37 37 37 43 49 49 43 55 75 31 37 37 75
19560_Driskill 24 64 43 31 43 43 43 49 43 37 37 43 43 31 37 31 37 185 43 37 43 37 31 37 43 43 43 37 31 31 49 43 49 43 31 37 31 37 43 49 43 49 82 43 37 49 82
231635_O'Driscoll 102 142 102 102 142 142 142 142 102 102 102 102 102 102 142 142 185 12 62 142 102 142 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 185 142 102 102 102 102 102
106531_Driscoll 31 53 37 31 49 43 43 55 43 43 37 43 43 37 49 43 43 62 37 37 43 43 37 43 37 37 37 37 31 31 43 37 49 49 31 24 37 43 49 55 49 55 82 43 43 43 75
94551_Driscoll 37 74 49 37 62 43 43 62 49 49 37 43 55 43 43 43 37 142 37 37 49 49 43 49 55 55 55 49 43 43 62 49 55 55 31 37 43 49 55 62 55 62 89 55 49 62 82
323220_Driscoll 27 58 24 24 37 49 49 55 49 19 43 49 37 37 43 37 43 102 43 49 67 40 36 36 40 36 36 23 45 45 45 36 40 36 49 53 27 40 36 49 45 55 75 40 43 36 62
191450_Driscoll 23 48 43 31 55 31 19 24 31 37 37 43 37 24 49 43 37 142 43 49 40 67 23 23 45 40 40 36 40 40 49 40 53 32 45 49 32 36 40 40 49 37 82 36 37 40 67
58461_Driscoll 23 48 37 24 49 24 24 31 24 31 31 37 31 19 43 37 31 102 37 43 36 23 111 19 40 36 38 32 36 36 45 36 48 38 40 45 27 31 36 55 45 43 75 45 31 36 58
255886_Driscoll 19 48 43 31 55 31 31 37 31 37 37 43 37 24 49 43 37 102 43 49 36 23 19 67 36 32 32 32 36 36 40 36 49 19 40 45 27 32 27 45 45 49 75 36 37 32 58
128677_Driscoll 32 58 31 37 43 49 49 55 49 31 43 49 31 37 43 31 43 102 37 55 40 45 40 36 67 15 15 32 45 45 19 45 58 45 53 49 40 45 45 62 49 55 62 32 43 23 62
138782_O'Driscoll 27 58 31 37 43 49 49 55 49 31 43 49 31 37 43 31 43 102 37 55 36 40 36 32 15 67 9 27 40 40 19 40 58 40 49 45 36 40 40 58 45 55 62 27 43 19 58
87791_Driscoll 21 72 31 37 43 49 49 55 49 31 43 49 31 37 43 31 43 102 37 55 36 40 38 32 15 9 111 27 40 40 19 40 43 40 49 45 36 31 40 58 45 55 62 31 43 19 58
105554_O'Driscoll 23 48 24 31 31 43 43 49 43 24 37 43 19 31 37 19 37 102 37 49 23 36 32 32 32 27 27 67 36 36 36 36 53 40 45 45 32 36 40 49 45 49 68 32 31 27 62
159729_Driscoll 27 39 31 24 43 37 37 43 37 31 31 37 31 24 43 31 31 102 31 43 45 40 36 36 45 40 40 36 67 9 49 40 58 45 49 49 36 40 45 58 49 37 75 40 31 40 76
318891_Driscoll 27 39 31 24 43 37 37 43 37 31 31 37 31 24 43 31 31 102 31 43 45 40 36 36 45 40 40 36 9 67 49 40 58 45 49 49 36 40 45 58 49 37 75 40 31 40 76
18378_Driscoll 28 72 37 43 49 55 55 62 55 37 49 43 37 43 49 37 49 102 43 62 45 49 45 40 19 19 19 36 49 49 111 49 45 43 58 53 45 33 40 66 53 62 68 38 49 27 67
241152_Driscoll 27 58 24 24 43 49 49 55 49 43 43 49 43 37 55 43 43 102 37 49 36 40 36 36 45 40 40 36 40 40 49 67 40 36 40 40 27 32 36 49 40 55 75 36 43 40 62
285960_Driscoll 31 80 43 31 55 55 55 62 43 37 49 55 55 43 62 55 49 102 49 55 40 53 48 49 58 58 43 53 58 58 45 40 111 45 45 49 32 31 40 50 45 55 82 48 43 53 76
46652_Driscoll 33 56 49 37 62 37 37 43 37 31 43 49 43 31 55 49 43 102 49 55 36 32 38 19 45 40 40 40 45 45 43 36 45 111 40 45 19 38 19 55 36 55 82 48 43 40 58
130455_O'Driscoll 32 48 37 24 49 24 24 43 31 31 19 24 37 24 37 37 31 102 31 31 49 45 40 40 53 49 49 45 49 49 58 40 45 40 67 15 32 36 40 45 49 43 68 45 31 49 71
148166_Driscoll 36 48 37 31 49 31 31 49 37 37 24 31 37 31 43 37 37 102 24 37 53 49 45 45 49 45 45 45 49 49 53 40 49 45 15 67 36 40 45 49 45 49 75 45 37 45 76
97303_Driscoll 19 39 37 24 49 37 37 43 37 19 31 37 37 24 43 37 31 102 37 43 27 32 27 27 40 36 36 32 36 36 45 27 32 19 32 36 67 23 19 32 27 43 75 32 31 36 58
100934_O'Driscoll 16 56 43 31 55 43 43 49 31 37 37 31 43 31 49 43 37 102 43 49 40 36 31 32 45 40 31 36 40 40 33 32 31 38 36 40 23 111 23 48 40 43 68 38 31 40 62
N80027_Minihan 27 48 49 37 62 49 49 55 49 31 43 37 49 37 55 49 43 102 49 55 36 40 36 27 45 40 40 40 45 45 40 36 40 19 40 45 19 23 67 40 36 55 82 36 43 40 62
285882_O'Driscoll 50 80 55 43 62 49 49 43 43 37 49 43 37 31 62 49 49 102 55 62 49 40 55 45 62 58 58 49 58 58 66 49 50 55 45 49 32 48 40 111 49 55 89 48 24 58 62
61687_Paul 36 68 55 49 68 62 62 68 62 43 55 62 55 49 55 43 43 185 49 55 45 49 45 45 49 45 45 45 49 49 53 40 45 36 49 45 27 40 36 49 67 68 105 45 55 36 76
254545_Barry 37 53 55 43 68 55 43 49 49 49 49 55 55 43 55 55 49 142 55 62 55 37 43 49 55 55 55 49 37 37 62 55 55 55 43 49 43 43 55 55 68 37 82 49 43 62 97
90232_Danel 68 108 75 75 89 82 82 97 62 68 75 82 75 75 68 75 82 102 82 89 75 82 75 75 62 62 62 68 75 75 68 75 82 82 68 75 75 68 82 89 105 82 37 62 75 68 89
245513_O'Leary 33 64 31 37 43 49 49 55 49 31 43 49 31 37 43 31 43 102 43 55 40 36 45 36 32 27 31 32 40 40 38 36 48 48 45 45 32 38 36 48 45 49 62 111 43 27 53
213204_Carroll 24 53 43 31 49 43 43 37 37 37 37 31 37 31 49 37 37 102 43 49 43 37 31 37 43 43 43 31 31 31 49 43 43 43 31 37 31 31 43 24 55 43 75 43 37 49 68
260363_McDonough 27 58 37 43 49 55 55 62 55 37 49 55 37 43 49 37 49 102 43 62 36 40 36 32 23 19 19 27 40 40 27 40 53 40 49 45 36 40 40 58 36 62 68 27 49 67 58
103208_McDaniel 58 120 68 68 68 82 82 68 82 68 68 75 62 62 82 75 82 102 75 82 62 67 58 58 62 58 58 62 76 76 67 62 76 58 71 76 58 62 62 62 76 97 89 53 68 58 67
0-9 Generations 10-19 Generations 20-29 Generations 30-39 Generations
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0020 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- Probability is 95% that the TMRCA is no longer than indicated

Network Diagram

A network diagram connects different haplotypes in accordance with specific marker values. Any line that connects two haplotypes represent muations in the markers that differ between the two and its length is the genetic distance. Where lines intersect at intermediate points between haplotypes an attempt has been made to account for missing haplotypes in the data set. Subclades or branches appear in these diagrams when haplotypes with similiar marker values are clustered together. The diagram below was constructed using Fluxus software first with the reduced median method followed by the median joining method.

Fluxus

Kittler Test


This page was last modified: Wednesday, 28-May-2014 14:01:01 MDT

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