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Arms Driscoll DNA Project
Haplogroup I2a > P37.2 > PF4135 Isles A
DNA
Haplogroup I2a-Isles-A is a subclade of I2a described in a Wikipedia Article. Persons in this Haplogroup are advised to join the I-L161 (I2a-Isles) Project. The subclade is as defined by Nordtvedt who presents a study of the genesis and spread of Halopgroup I on this page: Haplogroup I Tree and Conjectured Spread Map. . The SNP PF4135 is the terminal SNP of the clade, Driscoll kits 61687 and 159729 tested positive. Recent BigY results dicovered that downstream of PF4135 is A814, no Driscoll has yet tested for that.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
87791_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 22 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
138782_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
128677_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 16 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
18378_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 18 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 18 10 12 12 15 8 13 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 10 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 22 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
105554_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 10 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
N55139_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 33-36 12 10
17335_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 12 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 25 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10
248066_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10
129723_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-17 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 12 19 19 35-36 12 10
79044_Driskell 13 24 15 11 12-17 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 34-36 12 10
N4601_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
323220_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 16 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 10 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
SMGF100_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 31 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 29 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 12 10 12 13 12 31 10 11 23 16 9 23 11
124026_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
153482_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 11-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
62175_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
97206_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 9 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 13 10
134529_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 19 19 35-35 12 10
321690_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 25 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
335798_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 13 10
N42839_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
19560_Driskill 13 24 15 11 12-17 11 13 12 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10
106531_Driscoll 13 25 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 16 19 36-36 12 10
94551_Driscoll 13 25 15 11 12-17 11 13 11 14 11 31 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10
255886_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 20 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
58461_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-23 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 33 14 8 15 8 27 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 16 9 12 23 15 20 11 24 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
191450_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 29 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 16-16 7 11 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
159729_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 36-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 12 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 12
318891_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 36-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 12 10 8 12 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 12
357980_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-18 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 29 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 18 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 13 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 24 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
241152_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-15-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 33-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
100934_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-35 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 14 9 12 23 15 21 11 25 16 12 14 24 12 23 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
130455_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 19 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
148166_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 17 19 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 25 19 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
285960_Driscoll 13 23 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-14 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-35 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 18 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 32 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 12 24 15 21 11 25 14 12 14 24 12 24 20 12 14 17 9 11 11
285882_O_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 34-35 13 10 11 8 16-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 14 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 31 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 11 10 11 12 31 10 11 23 14 11 13 22 15 20 11 25 15 12 13 24 12 22 19 12 14 17 9 11 11
97303_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
46652_Driscoll 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 17 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 20 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11 33 14 8 15 8 26 28 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 11 10 11 12 32 10 11 23 15 9 11 25 15 21 11 26 16 12 14 24 12 23 21 12 14 17 9 11 11
61687_Paul 13 24 16 11 12-17 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-16 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 19 36-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
N80027_Minihan 13 24 15 11 12-16 11 13 11 13 11 30 18 8-9 11 12 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-15 10 10 19-21 17 13 18 20 35-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 7 11 10 8 13 11 12 22-22 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 24 20 13 12 10 13 10 11 12 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
8
7
7
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
8
7
8
2

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
8
6
7
7

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
8
3
7
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
5
5
5
4

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
5
5
1
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
7
3
3
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
8
0
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
9
7
2
3

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
7
9
0
4
4

D
r
i
s
k
e
l
l
N
4
6
0
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
3
2
2
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
S
M
G
F
1
0
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
4
0
2
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
3
4
8
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
2
1
7
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
2
0
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
4
5
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
1
6
9
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
3
5
7
9
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
4
2
8
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
9
5
6
0

D
r
i
s
k
i
l
l
1
0
6
5
3
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
4
5
5
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
5
5
8
8
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
5
8
4
6
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
9
1
4
5
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
9
7
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
1
8
8
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
5
7
9
8
0

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
1
1
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
0
9
3
4

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
0
4
5
5

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
4
8
1
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
8
5
9
6
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
8
5
8
8
2

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
3
0
3

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
4
6
6
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
1
6
8
7

P
a
u
l
N
8
0
0
2
7

M
i
n
i
h
a
n
modal 111 5 4 5 9 3 3 5 3 4 3 2 4 4 1 3 3 4 3 2 3 1 2 4 4 2 8 3 4 4 7 4 5 5 6 12 20 2 11 6 4
87791_Driscoll 5 111 0 1 6 4 3 5 3 5 3 3 6 7 4 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 5 5 7 6 13 7 7 7 10 7 10 9 8 17 23 6 16 8 8
138782_O_Driscoll 4 0 67 1 2 4 3 5 3 5 3 3 6 4 4 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 5 5 7 6 6 7 7 7 6 7 7 9 8 11 11 6 8 8 8
128677_Driscoll 5 1 1 67 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 3 7 4 4 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 5 5 7 7 7 8 8 8 7 8 8 10 9 12 12 7 9 9 9
18378_Driscoll 9 6 2 3 111 6 4 6 4 6 4 4 8 7 5 7 7 8 7 6 5 5 6 6 8 8 17 9 9 9 14 9 12 11 10 19 27 8 20 10 8
105554_O_Driscoll 3 4 4 5 6 67 2 3 1 4 1 2 3 3 3 5 5 6 5 4 5 3 4 5 6 5 5 6 6 6 7 6 6 8 8 10 9 5 7 8 7
N55139_Driscoll 3 3 3 3 4 2 37 3 3 5 3 3 2 4 2 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 5 6 7 5 4 5 3 3 6 2 5 4 4 5 7 4 6 7 6
17335_Driscoll 5 5 5 5 6 3 3 37 4 7 4 5 4 6 4 8 8 9 8 5 8 6 5 8 9 7 6 7 5 5 8 5 7 6 6 7 8 6 8 9 8
248066_Driscoll 3 3 3 3 4 1 3 4 37 5 2 3 4 4 4 6 6 7 6 5 6 2 5 6 7 5 4 5 3 3 6 5 5 4 4 7 4 4 6 7 6
129723_O_Driscoll 4 5 5 5 6 4 5 7 5 37 3 4 5 4 5 7 7 8 5 6 7 5 4 8 6 6 5 6 5 5 6 7 6 5 6 8 8 5 7 7 7
79044_Driskell 3 3 3 3 4 1 3 4 2 3 37 3 4 4 4 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 3 6 5 5 4 5 3 3 5 5 5 4 4 7 6 4 6 5 6
N4601_Driscoll 2 3 3 3 4 2 3 5 3 4 3 37 1 4 3 5 5 6 5 4 5 3 4 6 6 4 3 4 3 3 5 5 4 3 4 4 4 1 3 5 3
323220_Driscoll 4 6 6 7 8 3 2 4 4 5 4 1 67 5 2 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 5 7 7 6 6 7 8 8 8 6 7 9 10 7 9 4 6 8 6
SMGF100_Driscoll 4 7 4 4 7 3 4 6 4 4 4 4 5 43 3 4 4 6 3 3 4 3 4 3 5 3 4 4 2 2 5 4 6 3 3 9 11 3 6 6 4
124026_Driscoll 1 4 4 4 5 3 2 4 4 5 4 3 2 3 37 4 4 5 4 3 4 2 3 5 5 3 2 3 2 2 4 2 3 2 3 3 5 2 4 6 4
153482_Driscoll 3 6 6 6 7 5 6 8 6 7 6 5 6 4 4 37 2 5 4 3 4 4 5 5 5 3 2 3 4 4 6 6 5 2 3 7 7 4 4 8 6
62175_Driscoll 3 6 6 6 7 5 6 8 6 7 6 5 6 4 4 2 37 3 4 3 4 4 5 5 5 3 2 1 4 4 6 6 5 2 3 7 7 4 4 8 6
97206_Driscoll 4 7 7 7 8 6 7 9 7 8 7 6 7 6 5 5 3 37 5 6 5 5 6 8 8 4 3 2 5 5 7 7 6 5 6 8 6 5 5 9 7
134529_Driscoll 3 6 6 6 7 5 6 8 6 5 6 5 6 3 4 4 4 5 37 5 6 4 5 7 7 3 2 3 4 4 6 6 3 4 5 5 6 4 4 8 6
321690_Driscoll 2 5 5 5 6 4 5 5 5 6 5 4 5 3 3 3 3 6 5 37 3 3 4 4 4 4 3 4 3 3 5 5 4 1 2 6 6 3 5 7 5
335798_Driscoll 3 6 6 6 5 5 6 8 6 7 6 5 6 4 4 4 4 5 6 3 37 4 5 5 5 5 4 5 4 4 6 6 3 2 3 7 5 4 6 8 4
N42839_Driscoll 1 4 4 4 5 3 4 6 2 5 4 3 4 3 2 4 4 5 4 3 4 37 3 5 5 3 2 3 2 2 4 4 3 2 3 5 3 2 4 6 4
19560_Driskill 2 5 5 5 6 4 5 5 5 4 3 4 5 4 3 5 5 6 5 4 5 3 37 6 4 4 3 4 3 3 4 5 4 3 4 6 6 3 5 5 5
106531_Driscoll 4 5 5 5 6 5 6 8 6 8 6 6 7 3 5 5 5 8 7 4 5 5 6 37 4 6 5 6 4 4 7 6 6 3 2 8 8 5 7 7 7
94551_Driscoll 4 7 7 7 8 6 7 9 7 6 5 6 7 5 5 5 5 8 7 4 5 5 4 4 37 6 5 6 5 5 6 7 6 3 4 8 8 5 7 7 7
255886_Driscoll 2 6 6 7 8 5 5 7 5 6 5 4 6 3 3 3 3 4 3 4 5 3 4 6 6 67 2 3 6 6 6 6 5 7 8 9 9 4 2 8 4
58461_Driscoll 8 13 6 7 17 5 4 6 4 5 4 3 6 4 2 2 2 3 2 3 4 2 3 5 5 2 111 3 6 6 13 6 11 7 8 18 24 4 15 8 6
191450_Driscoll 3 7 7 8 9 6 5 7 5 6 5 4 7 4 3 3 1 2 3 4 5 3 4 6 6 3 3 67 7 7 7 7 6 8 9 10 8 5 5 9 7
159729_Driscoll 4 7 7 8 9 6 3 5 3 5 3 3 8 2 2 4 4 5 4 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 6 7 67 0 8 7 7 9 9 11 11 6 8 9 8
318891_Driscoll 4 7 7 8 9 6 3 5 3 5 3 3 8 2 2 4 4 5 4 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 6 7 0 67 8 7 7 9 9 11 11 6 8 9 8
357980_O_Driscoll 7 10 6 7 14 7 6 8 6 6 5 5 8 5 4 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 4 7 6 6 13 7 8 8 111 6 8 7 8 13 21 4 16 7 6
241152_Driscoll 4 7 7 8 9 6 2 5 5 7 5 5 6 4 2 6 6 7 6 5 6 4 5 6 7 6 6 7 7 7 6 67 5 7 7 7 9 4 6 7 6
100934_O_Driscoll 5 10 7 8 12 6 5 7 5 6 5 4 7 6 3 5 5 6 3 4 3 3 4 6 6 5 11 6 7 7 8 5 111 6 7 11 18 3 14 7 3
130455_O_Driscoll 5 9 9 10 11 8 4 6 4 5 4 3 9 3 2 2 2 5 4 1 2 2 3 3 3 7 7 8 9 9 7 7 6 67 1 8 8 5 7 9 7
148166_Driscoll 6 8 8 9 10 8 4 6 4 6 4 4 10 3 3 3 3 6 5 2 3 3 4 2 4 8 8 9 9 9 8 7 7 1 67 9 9 6 8 8 8
285960_Driscoll 12 17 11 12 19 10 5 7 7 8 7 4 7 9 3 7 7 8 5 6 7 5 6 8 8 9 18 10 11 11 13 7 11 8 9 111 21 5 17 8 7
285882_O_Driscoll 20 23 11 12 27 9 7 8 4 8 6 4 9 11 5 7 7 6 6 6 5 3 6 8 8 9 24 8 11 11 21 9 18 8 9 21 111 5 27 9 7
97303_Driscoll 2 6 6 7 8 5 4 6 4 5 4 1 4 3 2 4 4 5 4 3 4 2 3 5 5 4 4 5 6 6 4 4 3 5 6 5 5 67 2 4 2
46652_Driscoll 11 16 8 9 20 7 6 8 6 7 6 3 6 6 4 4 4 5 4 5 6 4 5 7 7 2 15 5 8 8 16 6 14 7 8 17 27 2 111 6 2
61687_Paul 6 8 8 9 10 8 7 9 7 7 5 5 8 6 6 8 8 9 8 7 8 6 5 7 7 8 8 9 9 9 7 7 7 9 8 8 9 4 6 67 6
N80027_Minihan 4 8 8 9 8 7 6 8 6 7 6 3 6 4 4 6 6 7 6 5 4 4 5 7 7 4 6 7 8 8 6 6 3 7 8 7 7 2 2 6 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA will be less than the number shown with a probability of 95%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
8
7
7
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
8
7
8
2

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
8
6
7
7

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
8
3
7
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
5
5
5
4

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
5
5
1
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
7
3
3
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
8
0
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
9
7
2
3

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
7
9
0
4
4

D
r
i
s
k
e
l
l
N
4
6
0
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
3
2
2
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
S
M
G
F
1
0
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
2
4
0
2
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
3
4
8
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
2
1
7
5

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
2
0
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
4
5
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
2
1
6
9
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
3
5
7
9
8

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
N
4
2
8
3
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
9
5
6
0

D
r
i
s
k
i
l
l
1
0
6
5
3
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
4
5
5
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
5
5
8
8
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
5
8
4
6
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
9
1
4
5
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
5
9
7
2
9

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
1
8
8
9
1

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
3
5
7
9
8
0

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
4
1
1
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
0
0
9
3
4

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
3
0
4
5
5

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
1
4
8
1
6
6

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
8
5
9
6
0

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
2
8
5
8
8
2

O

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
9
7
3
0
3

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
4
6
6
5
2

D
r
i
s
c
o
l
l
6
1
6
8
7

P
a
u
l
N
8
0
0
2
7

M
i
n
i
h
a
n
modal 111 19 27 32 26 23 31 43 31 37 31 24 27 48 19 31 31 37 31 24 31 19 24 31 37 19 26 23 27 27 21 27 19 32 36 33 50 19 31 36 27
87791_Driscoll 19 111 9 15 19 27 31 43 31 43 31 31 36 72 37 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 43 37 55 32 38 40 40 40 26 40 31 49 45 43 58 36 40 45 40
138782_O_Driscoll 27 9 67 15 19 27 31 43 31 43 31 31 36 58 37 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 43 37 55 32 36 40 40 40 36 40 40 49 45 58 58 36 40 45 40
128677_Driscoll 32 15 15 67 19 32 31 43 31 43 31 31 40 58 37 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 43 37 55 36 40 45 45 45 40 45 45 53 49 58 62 40 45 49 45
18378_Driscoll 26 19 19 19 111 36 37 49 37 49 37 37 45 72 43 55 55 62 55 49 43 43 49 43 62 40 45 49 49 49 35 49 33 58 53 45 66 45 43 53 40
105554_O_Driscoll 23 27 27 32 36 67 24 31 19 37 19 24 23 48 31 43 43 49 43 37 43 31 37 37 49 32 32 36 36 36 40 36 36 45 45 53 49 32 40 45 40
N55139_Driscoll 31 31 31 31 37 24 37 31 31 43 31 31 24 64 24 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 43 37 49 43 37 43 31 31 49 24 43 37 37 43 55 37 49 55 49
17335_Driscoll 43 43 43 43 49 31 31 37 37 55 37 43 37 85 37 62 62 68 62 43 62 49 43 49 62 55 49 55 43 43 62 43 55 49 49 55 62 49 62 68 62
248066_Driscoll 31 31 31 31 37 19 31 37 37 43 24 31 37 64 37 43 43 49 43 43 49 24 43 43 55 37 31 37 31 31 49 43 43 37 37 55 37 37 43 55 49
129723_O_Driscoll 37 43 43 43 49 37 43 55 43 37 31 37 43 64 43 49 49 62 43 43 49 43 37 49 43 49 43 49 43 43 49 55 49 37 43 62 62 43 55 55 55
79044_Driskell 31 31 31 31 37 19 31 37 24 31 37 31 37 64 37 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 31 43 43 43 37 43 31 31 43 43 43 37 37 55 49 37 49 43 49
N4601_Driscoll 24 31 31 31 37 24 31 43 31 37 31 37 19 53 31 43 43 49 43 37 43 31 37 43 49 37 31 37 31 31 37 43 37 31 37 37 37 19 31 43 31
323220_Driscoll 27 36 36 40 45 23 24 37 37 43 37 19 67 58 24 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 43 43 49 36 36 40 45 45 40 36 40 49 53 40 49 27 36 45 36
SMGF100_Driscoll 48 72 58 58 72 48 64 85 64 64 64 53 58 43 53 64 53 74 53 53 64 53 64 53 74 48 48 48 39 39 56 58 56 48 48 80 80 39 56 68 48
124026_Driscoll 19 37 37 37 43 31 24 37 37 43 37 31 24 53 37 37 37 43 37 31 37 24 31 31 37 31 24 31 24 24 37 24 31 24 31 31 43 24 37 49 37
153482_Driscoll 31 49 49 49 55 43 49 62 43 49 49 43 49 64 37 37 24 43 31 31 37 31 43 43 43 31 24 31 37 37 49 49 43 24 31 55 49 37 37 62 49
62175_Driscoll 31 49 49 49 55 43 49 62 43 49 49 43 49 53 37 24 37 31 31 31 37 31 43 43 43 31 24 19 37 37 49 49 43 24 31 55 49 37 37 62 49
97206_Driscoll 37 55 55 55 62 49 55 68 49 62 55 49 55 74 43 43 31 37 43 49 43 37 49 55 62 37 31 24 43 43 55 55 49 43 49 62 43 43 43 68 55
134529_Driscoll 31 49 49 49 55 43 49 62 43 43 49 43 49 53 37 31 31 43 37 37 43 31 43 43 49 31 24 31 37 37 49 49 31 31 37 43 43 37 37 62 49
321690_Driscoll 24 43 43 43 49 37 43 43 43 43 43 37 43 53 31 31 31 49 37 37 31 31 37 37 37 37 31 37 31 31 43 43 37 19 24 49 49 31 43 55 43
335798_Driscoll 31 49 49 49 43 43 49 62 49 49 49 43 49 64 37 37 37 43 43 31 37 37 43 43 43 43 37 43 37 37 49 49 31 24 31 55 43 37 49 62 37
N42839_Driscoll 19 37 37 37 43 31 37 49 24 43 37 31 37 53 24 31 31 37 31 31 37 37 31 37 43 24 19 24 24 24 37 37 31 24 31 43 31 24 31 49 37
19560_Driskill 24 43 43 43 49 37 43 43 43 37 31 37 43 64 31 43 43 49 43 37 43 31 37 43 37 37 31 37 31 31 37 43 37 31 37 49 49 31 43 43 43
106531_Driscoll 31 37 37 37 43 37 37 49 43 49 43 43 43 53 31 43 43 55 43 37 43 37 43 37 37 43 37 43 31 31 49 37 43 31 24 49 55 37 49 49 49
94551_Driscoll 37 55 55 55 62 49 49 62 55 43 43 49 49 74 37 43 43 62 49 37 43 43 37 37 37 49 43 49 43 43 49 49 49 31 37 55 62 43 55 55 55
255886_Driscoll 19 32 32 36 40 32 43 55 37 49 43 37 36 48 31 31 31 37 31 37 43 24 37 43 49 67 19 23 36 36 32 36 32 40 45 49 45 27 19 45 27
58461_Driscoll 26 38 36 40 45 32 37 49 31 43 37 31 36 48 24 24 24 31 24 31 37 19 31 37 43 19 111 23 36 36 38 36 31 40 45 48 55 27 38 45 36
191450_Driscoll 23 40 40 45 49 36 43 55 37 49 43 37 40 48 31 31 19 24 31 37 43 24 37 43 49 23 23 67 40 40 40 40 36 45 49 53 40 32 32 49 40
159729_Driscoll 27 40 40 45 49 36 31 43 31 43 31 31 45 39 24 37 37 43 37 31 37 24 31 31 43 36 36 40 67 9 45 40 40 49 49 58 58 36 45 49 45
318891_Driscoll 27 40 40 45 49 36 31 43 31 43 31 31 45 39 24 37 37 43 37 31 37 24 31 31 43 36 36 40 9 67 45 40 40 49 49 58 58 36 45 49 45
357980_O_Driscoll 21 26 36 40 35 40 49 62 49 49 43 37 40 56 37 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 37 49 49 32 38 40 45 45 111 36 26 40 45 33 50 23 35 36 27
241152_Driscoll 27 40 40 45 49 36 24 43 43 55 43 43 36 58 24 49 49 55 49 43 49 37 43 37 49 36 36 40 40 40 36 67 32 40 40 40 49 27 36 40 36
100934_O_Driscoll 19 31 40 45 33 36 43 55 43 49 43 37 40 56 31 43 43 49 31 37 31 31 37 43 49 32 31 36 40 40 26 32 111 36 40 31 48 23 38 40 23
130455_O_Driscoll 32 49 49 53 58 45 37 49 37 37 37 31 49 48 24 24 24 43 31 19 24 24 31 31 31 40 40 45 49 49 40 40 36 67 15 45 45 32 40 49 40
148166_Driscoll 36 45 45 49 53 45 37 49 37 43 37 37 53 48 31 31 31 49 37 24 31 31 37 24 37 45 45 49 49 49 45 40 40 15 67 49 49 36 45 45 45
285960_Driscoll 33 43 58 58 45 53 43 55 55 62 55 37 40 80 31 55 55 62 43 49 55 43 49 49 55 49 48 53 58 58 33 40 31 45 49 111 50 32 45 45 40
285882_O_Driscoll 50 58 58 62 66 49 55 62 37 62 49 37 49 80 43 49 49 43 43 49 43 31 49 55 62 45 55 40 58 58 50 49 48 45 49 50 111 32 55 49 40
97303_Driscoll 19 36 36 40 45 32 37 49 37 43 37 19 27 39 24 37 37 43 37 31 37 24 31 37 43 27 27 32 36 36 23 27 23 32 36 32 32 67 19 27 19
46652_Driscoll 31 40 40 45 43 40 49 62 43 55 49 31 36 56 37 37 37 43 37 43 49 31 43 49 55 19 38 32 45 45 35 36 38 40 45 45 55 19 111 36 19
61687_Paul 36 45 45 49 53 45 55 68 55 55 43 43 45 68 49 62 62 68 62 55 62 49 43 49 55 45 45 49 49 49 36 40 40 49 45 45 49 27 36 67 36
N80027_Minihan 27 40 40 45 40 40 49 62 49 55 49 31 36 48 37 49 49 55 49 43 37 37 43 49 55 27 36 40 45 45 27 36 23 40 45 40 40 19 19 36 67
0-9 Generations 10-19 Generations 20-29 Generations 30-39 Generations
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0023 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- Probability is 95% that the TMRCA is no longer than indicated

Network Diagram

A network diagram connects different haplotypes in accordance with specific marker values. Any line that connects two haplotypes represent muations in the markers that differ between the two and its length is the genetic distance. Where lines intersect at intermediate points between haplotypes an attempt has been made to account for missing haplotypes in the data set. Subclades or branches appear in these diagrams when haplotypes with similiar marker values are clustered together. The diagram below was constructed using Fluxus software first with the reduced median method followed by the median joining method.

Fluxus

Kittler Test


This page was last modified: Monday, 10-Nov-2014 15:26:02 MST

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