MATANUSKA-SUSITNA VALLEY, ALASKA
Researching Our South Central Alaska Roots
By Coleen Mielke 2000-2016
THE VIOLENT DEATHS OF
Alaska Native villages of Scotty Creek, Tetlin,
Upper Nabesna, Mile 186 Richardson Hwy
Chitina, Chistochena, Mentasta, Lower Tonsina,
Gulkana, Paxon & Gakona
CANTWELL, ALASKA 1946
JOHN GOODLATAW McCARTHY, ALASKA
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*A trail from
Sunrise City up Six-mile
River and south through the canyon.
* A winter trail from Old Knik up the Knik River then NE to the Copper River.
* A summer trail from Old Knik up the Matanuska River, passing Palmer's store and King's house to Millich Creek and, via Hicks Creek, Trail Lake and Nulchuk Tyon Village, to the Copper River (pretty much the route of the present Glenn Highway.
* A summer trail from Grubstake Gulch on Willow Creek over Hatcher Pass and down to Palmer's Upper House with a branch leading to Vacilla's and to Mellish House.
other much used trails
had developed northward from Seward
and out from
Knik to the east and west (and various mines):
* Seward Trail
(1905) from Eklutna,
over Peter's Creek, through the
mountains, down Crow Creek and Glacier Creek,
passed Kern Creek, 20 Mile Creek, Portage
Creek and up Placer River.
* Watson Coal Trail, which was later known as the Goodwin Trail and which was the first lap of the Iditarod trail from Knik to Susitna Station:
* The Klondike and Boston Co., Summer Trail along the beach from Knik to Cottonwood then towards the mountains, passing between Lake Lucille and Wasilla Lake to Grubstake Gulch (now part of Knik-Wasilla Road) with a branch marked R.R. Trail, to the Kashwitna River.
* Carle Road (now Fishhook Road) developed a little later from Knik between Lake Lucille and Wasilla Lake to the gold fields of Hatcher Pass.
* Dalton Trail branched of the Carle Road as it entered the Little Susitna Canyon and then ran east to the coal mines.
* Information extracted from a book called: Old Times on Upper Cook's Inlet by Louise Potter
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