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Today, Glueckstal is called Glinnoye (also called Hlinaia), Republic of Moldova
Moldova is located between Romania and the Ukraine & has been independent of Russia since 1991
The star shows where Glinnoye, Moldova is located. (previously Glueckstal, Russia)
Glinnoye is in the TransDniester region of Moldova
Latitude 47.2281   Longitude 29.4150   Elevation 111 feet.
It is a sparsely populated area, with about 7,000 people within 7 kilometers of Glinnoye. 

History of the Glückstal Colonies

Dr. Adam Giesinger, in From Catherine to Khruschev, writes: "Of the German immigrants who were to become the founders of the Glückstal Colonies, the first group of 70 families of Württemberger, were settled in the Armenian town of Grigoriopol on the Dniester in 1804-1805. In 1806 they were joined by 9 families from Poland, and in 1807 by 24 families from Hungary (where our Opp's had settled) and in 1808-1809 by 3 families from Germany until there were 106 German families, with 525 people, in Grigoriopol.

Because of friction with the Armenians and other factors, the government decided to resettle the Germans by having them trade places with the Moldavians of the Village of Glinoi, 10 versts from the Dniester, northeast of Grigoriopol. The resettlement took place in the spring of 1809 and founded three additional villages in 1809-1810. The four colonies thus founded were: (1) Glückstal 1809 (2) Neudorf 1809 (3) Bergdorf 1809 (4) Kassel 1810. The first three were close together; Kassel was about 15 versts to the south.

In addition to Württemberger, who formed the largest group among the Glückstal Colonists, there was a large group of Alsatians and smaller numbers from Baden, the Palatinate, and various other parts of Germany. All were Protestants, the majority Lutheran, a minority Reformed.

Although the Glückstal Colonies had lost some of their people through migration to Bessarabia in the years 1843-1847 (where they settled in Hoffnungstal), the population of the four villages quadrupled in the first half century, from 1770 at the founding to 6,890 in 1860. The first daughter colony was founded in 1855, several others in the following decades. Among them were the following: east of Kassel, between Kassel and Bolshoi-Kuhalnik: 1. Klein Neudorf   2. Klein Glückstal,  3 Neu-Glückstal (Zibuljewka) 1860  4. Neu-Kassel, near Glückstal  5. Klein Bergdorf 1867  6. Krontal & Neu-Glückstal (Woltschanowka) 1889. There were others as well..."

Info taken from: From Catherine to Khruschev, The Story of Russia's German's
                                                   by: Adam Giesinger
                       American Historical Society of Germans from Russia
                                                 Lincoln, Nebraska

  Urban Opp left Rockenhausen, Germany with his parents and Uncle in 1785. It's safe to say they left Germany due to war, famine and poor health. Their first stop was in Tscherwenka Hungary, a German refugee camp. Urban married at this camp in about 1803 (his first child was born there in June of 1804). By 1807, Urban, wife and son headed for Russia. As far as I can tell, his parents stayed behiind in Hungary.

Of the German refugee's who founded the Glueckstal Colonies, 70 families were from Wurtemberg and they settled in the Armenian town of Grigoriopol in 1804-1805. In 1806, 9 Polish families joined them and in 1807, 24 families from Hungary joined them (our Opp's were one of these families) and in 1809-09 3 German families, totalling 106 families (525 people).

There was tremendous friction in this newly formed settlement so the Russian Government moved the 106 families to the Moldavian village of Glinoi in 1809. Thus began the villages of Glueckstal, Neudorf and Bergdorf in 1809 and Kassel in 1810.