Niteh was the Dena'ina name
for an Native village in the Matanuska Valley. You can find it spelled several
ways (in various records) everything from Niteh, to Nitakh, to Nitak, to
Nikta, and if that isn't confusing enough, the Ahtna name for Niteh is Nuu
By todays landmarks, Niteh was located on a delta between the Matanuska
River and the Knik River and about a mile above the old railroad
bridge over the Matanuska River (probably on the south bank). Even though
Niteh changed locations over the years (due to changes in the shoreline,
etc.) it was always called Niteh; the name stayed with the people, not an
exact geographical location.
According to James Kari and James Fall, the original Niteh location (in
some records it is referred to as Old Niteh) had a small Russian American
trading post. During the Lake George (Knik Lake) flood of 1898, the trading
post was washed away, as well as many of the homes at Niteh, drowning many
After the flood of 1898, the Ezi's moved their home more towards the Knik
River. This new location is referred to in some records as New Niteh or
Matanuska Village. Alberta Ezi Stephan wrote that after the 1964 earthquake,
this new location developed 6' to 12' wide cracks in the earth that filled
The most historically prominent
Niteh family was the Ezi family. The 1900 U.S. Census for "Matanuska River"
lists Bashtoot age 30 and wife Noatha age 22 and 1 daughter named Dellia.
Basdut (the correct spelling) was a Dena'ina Chief of Upper Cook Inlet, who
was, by all accounts, a man of his word and highly respected.
Shem Pete tells a story about Basdut and his wife Noatha in a book called
Shem Pete's Alaska by James Kari and James Fall (2003). Pete
says that Noatha (Nicholi) was the daughter of a powerful medicine man at
Tyone Lake. She walked from Tyone Lake all the way to Niteh, where she fell
in love and married Basdut. Their first children were twins: a boy named
Bill and a girl named Mary.
Basdut and Noatha's granddaughter, Alberta Ezi Stephan (who spent considerable
time with Noatha), gives a slightly different account of the story. Alberta
said that Noatha's father and step-mother (from the Copper Center area)
had a fish camp at Point Woronzof, where, in about 1896, 18 year old Noatha
worked all summer, with them putting up dried fish. While there, she met
Basdut who was operating a small steamboat that transferred freight
from the large steamboats docked at Ship Creek, to the smaller settlements.
At the end of that summer, Noatha and her parents packed the fish back
to Copper Center. That winter, young Noatha decided she wanted to marry
Basdut. After talking to her father about it, she packed some supplies on
her back and walked, by herself, down the Athabascan migration trail
that went from the Copper Center area to Cook Inlet. She married Basdut
and they built a home at Niteh.
Basdut and Noatha's names were changed to Simeon and Olga Esia, and later
Ezi. Their children were Bill, Pete, Jack, Annie and (?), (they also raised
many orphaned Native children). After Simeon and Olga were married, Simeon
ended his steam boat business and supported his family by trapping, fishing
and hunting (goat and sheep) in the Jim Creek and Friday Creek area. They
also had a cabin about 150' to 250' up from the base of Pioneer Peak Mt.,
next to a pond.
When Chief Ezi died in 1935, the Anchorage Times ran the following article:
Chief Ezi of the Once Powerful Eklutna's Is Given Colorful Adieu
Anchorage Times 2/24/1935
Covered in a beautiful fringed and highly colored blanket and with another
warm blanket beside him, and wearing a strikingly designed, new, pair of
mukluks, and attired in a new suit of clothes and other garnishments, Chief
Ezi, for many years the respected idol of the once powerful tribe of Eklutna's,
was laid to rest in the Anchorage Cemetery. Mourned by scores of his
people who were present and also honored by a number of white friends, the
old Chieftain was lowered into the grave as men, women and children
of his tribe chanted in Russian and as the burial ritual was recited in Russian
by Mrs. Billy Austin. The old Chief rests beneath a “TOP” house, largest
of the kind seen in this region, made by his own sons and placed above the
grave yesterday immediately after the service and burial. The house
stands 5 feet above the grave, is 6½'long and 3½' wide.
Over the house rises a large wooden cross, cut out of a log in one solid
piece. The services continued for 2 hours and were characterized with
numerous songs, chants and readings, all in Russian, according to the ritual
of the Orthodox Greek Catholic Church in who’s faith they had been reared
and trained from childhood.