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A STUDY IN TILBURY (SURNAME) DEMOGRAPHY
Where did our ancestors live? How many were they?

 
The Tilbury name is in the less-frequent group. The spelling has varied!

 

 
From at least the 16th century they were mostly in south-east England. Online census indexes provide these
approximate numbers by place of residence:

1841
ENGLAND: 519
  • Tilbury + Tilburg: 425 + 27 = 452
            Buckinghamshire: 124; Hampshire: 106;
            Middlesex: 97;
            Surrey: 42; Berkshire: 29; Essex: 1.
  • Tilbery: 25
            Hampshire: 13; Berkshire: 8.
  • Tilberry: 16
            Hampshire: 15.
  • Tillbury: 6 (Hampshire)
  • Tilby* in Buckinghamshire: 13
  • Telberry: 1
  • Telbu(r)ry: 3 + 3
    (WALES: 0)

  •   1861
    ENGLAND: 901
  • Tilbury + Tilburg: 814 + 8 = 822
            Buckinghamshire: 251; Hampshire: 191;
            Middlesex: 206;
            Surrey: 64; Berkshire: 10; Essex: 8.
  • Tilbery: 20
  • Tilberry: 9
  • Tillbury: 25 (Hampshire: 13)
  • Tilby* in Buckinghamshire: 19
  • Telbarg: 2
  • Telburg: 4
    WALES, Tilbery: 2
  • * Mostly Tilbury by late 19th century.
     
    1891
    ENGLAND: 1,435
  • Tilbury + Tilburg: 1,404 + 13 = 1,417
            Buckinghamshire: 269; Hampshire: 284
            Middlesex: 181+1; London: 292+8
            Surrey: 110; Berkshire: 30; Essex: 40
            Sussex: 30+4; Kent: 20; Hertfordshire: 26
            Suffolk: 32
            Lancashire: 21; Northamptonshire: 13
  • Tillbury: 6 (Oxfordshire)
  • Tilburey: 6
  • Tilbery: 1
  • Tilbary: 1
  • Tilbry + Tilbrey: 1 + 3
    WALES: 16
  • Tilbury: 16 (Glamorgan)
  • 1901
    ENGLAND: 1,639
  • Tilbury + Tilburg: 1,552 + 28 = 1,580
            Buckinghamshire: 237; Hampshire, Hants, Southampton: 56 + 48 + 139 = 243;
            Middlesex: 11; London: 300;
            Surrey: 120; Berkshire: 43; Essex: 51
            Sussex: 32; Kent: 21; Hertfordshire: 15; Suffolk: 11
  • Tillbury: 30 (Middlesex: 8, Berkshire: 7, Buckinghamshire: 6)
  • Tilbery: 19 (Middlesex + London = 17)
  • Tilberry: 3
  • Tilbary: 5 (Lancashire)
  • Tilbrey: 2
    WALES: 15
  • Tilbury: 15 (Glamorganshire: 12+1, Monmouthshire: 2)
  •  
    Approximate Rate of Increase
    1841 : 1861 = 174%
    1861 : 1891 = 159%
    1891 : 1901 = 114%
    i.e. in 60 years the number of enumerated Tilburys only tripled
     
    —————— SCOTLAND ——————
    1871
  • Tilburg: 4 (Renfrewshire)
  • Tilbury: 1 (Dumfriesshire)
    1881
  • Tilbury: 2 (Dumfriesshire)
  •   1891
  • Tilbury: 10
            Aberdeenshire: 6; Dumfriesshire: 2
    1901
  • Tilbury: 3 (Dumfriesshire)
  •  
    There were OVER 40 VARIANTS of the Tilbury name in the 19th century!!
     


     
    THE MAY 1998 STUDY

    In January to June 1875 there were 29 Tilbury births in the UK.

    Tilbury entries taken from the Somerset House Register of Births for 1875

    Child's given-names followed by registration district

    JANUARY to MARCH 1875  APRIL to JUNE 1875
      1. Arthur, Wokingham
      2. Charles, Kensington
      3. Daniel, Winchester
      4. Emma, Edmonton
      5. Frederick Walter, Petersfield
      6. Gertrude Anne, Hackney
      7. Isabel Blanch, Alverstoke
      8. Janey, Amersham
      9. Lilian Mabel, Kingston
    10. William Henry, Manchester
        1. Alfred, Henley
      2. Alice, Eton
      3. Alice Mary, St. Pancras
      4. Amy Maud, St. Saviour
      5. Ann Sophia, Cookham
      6. Annie Louise, High Wycombe
      7. Charles, St. Saviour
      8. Charles Percy, Hendon
      9. Edith Rose, Lambeth
    10. Frank, Pontypridd
    11. Geoffrey William, St. Albans
    12. Harriet, Chelsea
    13. Laura Margaret, High Wycombe
    14. Louisa Selina, Droxford
    15. Reginald George C., Lambeth
    16. Richard, Fulham
    17. Sidney Levi, Hambledon
    18. Thomas, Henley

    It is reasonable to assume that there are some Grandchildren of the above who are still alive?

    Of these, 3 (Annie Louise, Laura Margaret & an un-named boy) were in High Wycombe; 13 more were in the West London area.

    120 years ago High Wycombe could not have been a large place. It must have been rural. The Directory for Bucks, High Wycombe area for 1847-1850 showed the following (tradesmen whose income enabled the listing):

    I have always been aware that the High Wycombe, Basingstoke, Surrey area was a Tilbury 'hotspot'. There appear to be more of them in the B.T. Wycombe & District 'phone book than in any other book.

    This report describes the methodology and results of some recent research into the distribution of Tilburys in the UK.


     
    INTRODUCTION

    The UK 'phone books now [May 1998] have residential numbers in a separate section from businesses. It was decided to use this facility to derive a very rough picture of the distribution of Tilburys in England, Scotland & Wales. Other, more accurate sources are confidential. 'Phone books are available to everyone!

    This method has several built-in sources of inaccuracy:

    The above must be borne in mind when interpreting the data.

    In order to locate 'hotspots', etc., The proportion of Tilburys in the population was used rather than the actual number. The areas and number of subscribers covered by 'phone books varies greatly. A simple head count would be misleading.


     
    METHODOLOGY

    Data was collected from 140 books (excluding the 23 London Community books which are covered also by the Outer London books (105 - 109))

    In order to establish the proportion of subscribers who are Tilburys, The number of whole pages holding residential numbers was recorded for each book, together with the number of Tilbury subscibers (if any).
    By sampling 10 pages at random from several books it was found that the average number of entries per 'phone book page is 496.

    It was then a simple matter to calculate the number of Tilbury entries per 100,000 to the nearest whole number.

    535 Tilbury entries were found altogether. 50 books had no Tilburys.


     
    RESULTS

     
    DATA

    RATIO of Tilbury entries in BT 'phone books
    PER 100,000

    BOOK REF - AREA - RATIO
    318High Wycombe & District44
    529Basingstoke & N.E. Hants19
    530Guildford & W. Surrey14
    319Alyesbury & District14
    557Bracknell & Ascot13
    284Portsmouth13
    554Reading13
    325Bedford13
    514Southend11
    645Worthing10
    644Brighton10
    516Southampton & Winchester  9
    643Horsham  9
    532Hastings, Rother & Weald  9
    105S.W. Essex  8
    640E. Devon & Exeter  8
    285Isle Of Wight  7
    321Banbury & District  7
    109N.E. Surrey  7
    531Tunbridge Wells  7
    107W. Middx  7
    555Newbury  7
    328Luton, Dunstable & Leighton Bu.  7
    556Slough, Windsor & Maidenhead  7
    612Hereford & District  6
    366Colchester, Clacton & Area  6
    515Chelmsford  6
    106S. Herts & N. Middx  6
    333Canterbury Area  5
    320Oxford & Area  5
    329Milton Keynes  5
    338Kings Lynn & Area  5
    513Mid Dorset  5
    327Hitchin, Stevenage & Letchwort  5
    608S. Lincolnshire  5
    633Bath & W. Wiltshire  5
    336Bury St. Edmonds & District  4
    326Hemel Hempstead  4
    604Kettering  4
    270S.W. Scotland  3
    641N. Devon & Bude  3
    337Cambridge & District  3
    539Norwich & N. Norfolk  3
    605Northampton & District  3
    642S.E. Devon  3
    335Bishops Stortford, Harlow & Di.  3
    108N.W. Kent  3
    620Central London  3
    267Buxton & High Peak  3
    512Bournebouth  3
    517Salisbury  3
    526Plymouth, S.E. Devon & E. Cornwall  3
    BOOK REF - AREA - RATIO
    607Peterborough & Huntingdon2
    297Taunton, Weston S.M. & Mendips2
    315Northumberland2
    527Coventry, Nuneaton & Rugby2
    621Blackpool2
    213Nottingham & District2
    314Borders2
    228Worcester2
    334Medway Area2
    263Manchester Central2
    264Manchester Ne2
    525W. Cornwall & I Of Scilly2
    610S.W. Wales2
    637Weston-Super-Mare & Mendips2
    340N.W. Wales1
    278Lomond & Argyll1
    623Wigan1
    214Mansfield/Newark1
    311Tayside & N. Fife1
    634Bristol1
    342Burton On Trent, Tamworth & Di1
    231Darlington & Dales1
    247York & District1
    317Durham & Wearside1
    367Ipswich & District1
    540S. Norfolk & Lowestoft (Excl N1
    547Burnley, Pendle & Rossendale1
    548Bolton1
    550N.E. Scotland (Ex. Aberdeen)1
    552Newcastle & N. Tyneside1
    553Gateshead & S. Tyneside1
    630Warrington1
    638Gloucestershire South1
    648Staffordshire Moorlands1
    277Clyde Coast1
    312Fife & Kinross1
    265Manchester Nw1
    266Manchester S1
    234Cleveland1
    371Bradford1
    212Derby & District1
    BOOK REF - AREA - RATIO
    313Edinburgh & Lothians0
    239Chesterfield, Worksop & Hope V0
    245N. Lincs0
    248Harrogate & District0
    249Scarborough & Yorks Coast0
    276Clyde Valley0
    279Central Scotland & Trossachs0
    310Highlands & Islands0
    341Leicester & District0
    347Leeds & District0
    348Wakefiled & District0
    372Halifax & Area0
    373Huddersfield & District0
    519S. Glasgow0
    520Chester & District0
    520N. Glasgow0
    521Wrexham & N. Wales0
    522Dudley & Bridgnorth0
    523Walsall,Cannock & Litchfield0
    524Wolverhampton0
    528Stratfor-On-Avon & Warwick0
    542Birmingham Sw0
    543Birmingham N0
    544Birmingham Se0
    546Blackburn & Ribble Vally0
    549Aberdeen, Orkney & Shetland0
    558Carlisle & N. Cumbria0
    601Sheffield N0
    602Sheffield S & Central0
    603Rotherham & Dearne Valley0
    609Swansea & District0
    611Aberystwith & Mid Wales0
    613Shropshire0
    622Preston & Cent. Lancs0
    624Southport0
    625Barnsley0
    626Doncaster0
    628Liverpool North0
    629Liverpool South0
    631St. Helens0
    632Wirral0
    635Cheltenham & N. Cotswolds0
    636Gloucester & Forest Of Deane0
    639Swindon & N. Wiltshire0
    646S. Cheshire0
    647Stafford0
    649Stoke-On-Trent & N'castle-U-Lyme0
     

     
    MAP

    The MAP shows a coloured disc placed at the approximate centre of each 'phone book area.

    See the key on the map for colour codes.

    In densely populated areas the discs overlap

    In N.E. Scotland the disc is placed somewhere near the centre of the area and shows one Tilbury subscriber somewhere in that area - NOT where the disc is placed!.

    Areas where there were NO Tilbury entries, no disc is shown.


     
    DISCUSSION

    1. In the mid 19th C. there were certainly several Tilbury families in the Southampton/Portsmouth area, as well as the cluster West of London. Although there are records of some Tilburys thinly spread elsewhere, I have no firm evidence of there being any in the area N. of London towards Bedford, Luton, Milton Keynes, etc.
      Was there a movement into the new housing & industrial areas at start of 20th C.?
    2. The clusters along the Sussex coast may be due to individual families retiring there? I believe William Tilbury (No 52 on table) moved there about 1930 ?
    3. From the 535 total entries it is interesting to surmise how many Tilburys there may be in the UK.
      Taking into account that many people with mobiles also have a fixed line but some only have a mobile, that perhaps there another 250 are ex-directory(?), that only very few don't have a phone, there may be around 900 subscribers in all ?

    If we make a wild guess that each 'phone associates with three individuals, there could be about 2700 Tilburys? (All complicated, of course by women changing surnames on marriage, etc., etc.......!

    Anyone else got any more wild ideas??

    John Tilbury of Nottingham


     
    Ken McCrea has also done a Tilbury distribution map for the UK. Although he didn't find so many Tilburys the pattern is very similar.

    The red lines show 1974 county boundary changes.

    Ken McCrea worked on UK postcodes obtained from the people finder index at
    http://www.192.com.

    Ken is at http://GermanNames.com
     


     
    Using as data source: "Surnames, England & Wales, National Statistics 2002" the One Name Study website ranking method gives this result:

    SurnameCountRanking
    TILBURY2196= 3394

    Advice from the source website: multiply the result by 0.93 to obtain a more accurate approximation of living (Tilburys) in the UK.

    2196 x 0.93 = 2042
    in year 2002

    Surnames of England & Wales

     
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