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Group 9 Genetic-Genealogy Analysis
Descendants Fort Ann, Washington Co., NY Stark Families
     
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Page 1

 

Genetic-Genealogy Analysis

Descendants of Fort Ann, Washington Co., NY Stark Families

 

Abstract

The presence of men named Stark or Starks in Washington County, New York was first documented after the Revolutionary War. Genealogical research has suggested they were descendants of General John Stark or his Father, Archibald Stark, residents before the war of New Hampshire. Other Stark families known to be living in the region were descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] of Connecticut. Genealogical research has focused on the Washington County families being descendants of one of or both of these families.

Those in Group 9 having 37 marker results and genetically compared to each other, have been found to have not shared a common male ancestor named Stark within Genealogical time. [Defined as the time period after 1400 to the present when surnames have been fully established.] This has been unexpected, suggesting all are descendants of unrelated Stark families that lived in the region at the time of the Revolution. 

The purpose of this analysis is to review the excellent genealogical research submitted by the members of Group 9, present their genetic results for analysis, and attempt  to understand there meaning relative to these members and the other members of the project. Much of the early genealogical documentation to be presented adds and "s" to the surname Stark. Some of their descendants later dropped the "s." The documentation spelling of the surname will be presented as found. Based on the discussion that follows, the lineage of Member C has been revised.

 

Genetic Result & Lineage

 The genetic Results are presented below.

 

Genetic Results Table

Haplo-

group

Early Fort Ann Ancestor

Kit#

Marker Numbers
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
I1

Benj. 

Starks

1808-1880

#153149

(A)

13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 8 9 8 11 21 16 20 26 12 14 15 15 11 9 19 21 15 15 16 19 35 39 13 10
R-M269

Isaac Starks

1805-1874

#171830

(B)

13 25 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 16 15 18 18 38 38 12 12
R-M269

Isaac Starks

1805-1874

#203166

(C)

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

    

There are only three unique genetic comparisons that can be made; A to B; A to C; and B to C. Member A has been confirmed to belong to Haplogroup I1 while Members B & C have been predicted to belong to Haplogroup R-M269. When two persons are compared and belong to different Haplogroups, there is zero probability they have shared a common ancestor within Genealogical time. Some researchers have suggested Benjamin Stark [1808-1880] who married Minerva White, was a grandson of Nathan Stark [1743-1830]. For this statement to be true, Member A should share Aaron Stark [1608-1685] as a common ancestor with Group 1 Member #N17289, a descendant of Abijah Stark, son of Nathan [1743-1830]. #N17289 has be confirmed to be positive for the U106 mutation placing him in Haplogroup R-U106, a subclade of Haplogroup R- M269. All Members of Group 1 have been predicted to belong to Haplogroup R-M269 and most likely also belong to Haplogroup R-U106 as result of the confirmation of #N17289. Therefore, Member A cannot share Aaron Stark as a common ancestor with any Members of Group 1; nor does he  genetically match any other Member of the Project; although there are Washington County death certificates that identify four Stark generations of Member A's lineage.[1]

When Member B is compared to Member C, the genetic distance is 15. There is only a 2.78% probability they share a common ancestor within genealogical time (within 20 generations). While they both are predicted to belong to Haplogroup R-M269, their most recent common ancestor lived many generations before the establishment of surnames. However, the genealogy of B and C suggests they should share Isaac Stark [1805-1874] as a most recent common ancestor. This genetic comparison clearly confirms this is not genetically possible   for the genealogy suggests Isaac lived 4 generations before B and 6 generations before C.

Member C was genetically compared to Members of Group 1. When compared to Group 1 member #76234, having the Group 1 modal haplotype, there was a genetic distance of 1. In this genetic comparison, there is a 99.96% probability they share a common ancestor within 20 generations and 97.37% within 12 generations. This confirms #203166 (C) is a descendant of Aaron Stark[1608-1685]. Based on the genealogical lineages submitted by Members A, B, & C, the following presents their lineage through Generation 6. 

While it is known with certainty Members A and B cannot genetically be descendants of Aaron, Member C has been placed in Group 1, his possible lineage to Aaron Stark [1608-1685]; to be suggested in the discussion that follows.

 

Group 2 Genealogical Lineage Table
Gen 11 Gen 10 Gen 9 Gen 8 Gen 7 Gen 6 Gen 5 Gen 4 Gen 3 Gen 2 Gen 1 Gen 0 ID

 

 

 

 

????

Benjamin

1808-1880

George R.

1836-1910

Frederick L.

1868-1918

Roscoe E.

1893-1943

Father

#153149

------

A

 

 

 

 

????

?Isaac?

1805-1874

John J.

1846-1912

John W.

1875-1939

Father

#171830

-------

-------

B

Aaron

1608-1685

????

????

????

????

Isaac

1805-1874

Milo

1829-1918

Jared H.

1858-1911

Jay W.

1897-1960

Earle H.

1922-1988

Father

#203166

C

    

__________

1)

The lineage presented from Member A to Benjamin and Minerva (White) Starks is well documented from the New York death certificates for Roscoe E. Stark (Left), Frederick "Freddie" Leslie Stark (Center), and George Riley Stark (Right). Thomas P. Stark, Jr. Contributor. (Click on Thumbnail photo to go to larger presentation. Use BACK Button Return to this text

 

 

 

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A Theory Why Members B & C Are Not A Genetic Match

After the genetic results for Members B & C were reported, the family of Member B reported there was a family tradition suggesting Henry Freeman Starks and John J. Starks were half-brothers. This was a comment on the genetic results submitted by a descendant of John: "I since learned that Henry F. and John J were half brothers, now I do not know on what side, Betsy or Isaac. I have no proof they were half brothers and I continue to work on that theory. Is it possible, genetically, that half brothers would not show a common thread?"  

If half brothers have the same father and different mothers, they will genetically have descendants that will have a common Y-DNA thread. However, if half brothers have the same mother, but different fathers, they will not have a common Y-DNA thread. Genetically, it is clear Milo Stark and John J. Stark cannot share Isaac Stark as a common ancestor when there is only a 2.78% probability they share a common ancestor within 20 generations.

New documentation the 1855 New York State Census for Fort Ann suggests Isaac may have been married two times. This census document also suggests Betsey Starks, reported in the genealogies as the one and only wife of Isaac and mother of all of his children, may not have been born in 1811, but born about 14 to 20 years later. My theory suggests Isaac Starks first wife, her name unknown, was most likely the mother of Milo, Elijah, and Simon H. Starks; while his second wife, most likely the person in the 1855 census with the given name Elisabeth, could have been the mother of sons named John, Henry, and George. This would suggest Milo and John J. Starks (Gen 5) were half brothers, but would also imply they had the same father, Isaac Starks. This in turn would mean they should have, genetically, shared Isaac as a common ancestor which is not the result of the Member B & C genetic comparison. Let's begin the discussion with a genealogical review of the Fort Ann 1855 census.[1]

 

Surname

Name

Age

Sex

Relation

to

Head

County or

Stark

Born

Married

Years 

resided
in city

Occupation

Dwelling

#

Family

#

Census

Page #

Stark David 26 M [head] Washington M 26 Laborer 201 230 37A
Stark Hannah 20 F wife Vermont M 5   201 230 37A
Stark Isaac 47 M [head] Washington M 47 Farmer 203 232 37A
Stark Elisabeth 28 F wife Washington M 18   203 232 37B
Stark Elijah 16 M child Washington   16   203 232 37B
Stark Simon H 15 M child Washington   15   203 232 37B
Stark John 10 M child Washington   10   203 232 37B
Stark Henry 8 M child Washington   8   203 232 37B
Stark George W 3 M child Washington   3   203 232 37B
Stark Benjamin 47 M [head] Washington M 47 Farmer 204 233 37B
Stark Minerva 44 F wife Washington M 44   204 233 37B
Stark George P 18 M child Washington   18   204 233 37B
Stark Minerva E 20 F child Washington   20   204 233 37B
Stark Ann E 13 F child Washington   13   204 233 37B
Stark Royal W 9 M child Washington   9   204 233 37B
Stark Francelia 7 F child Washington   7   204 233 37B
Stark James L 4 M child Washington   4   204 233 37B
Collins Nelson 43 [head] Rensslear M 20 Farmer 208 237 37B
Collins Mary A. 34 F wife Washington M 34   208 237 37B
Collins Seth 15 M child Washington   15   208 237 37B
Collins Andrew 12 M child Washington   12   208 237 37B
Stark Milo 23 M [head] Washington M 14 Laborer 208 238 37B
Stark *sina 14 F wife Washington M 14   208 238 37B
Stark Myron 23 M [head] Washington M 23 Laborer 252 287 40B
Stark Mary 16 F wife Vermont M 1m   252 287 40B

 

__________

1)

Source Location at URL http://washington.nygenweb.net/1855CensusFortAnnDist1and2.htm. Author's Comments: These 1855 census pages were enumerated in Fort Ann, Washington County, New York. The transcription has been organized in alphabetical order on the web site given above. Scroll down until you come to the surname Stark. The Collins Family in Dwelling 208 were the in-laws of Milo Stark and will be discussed later. In the above list of names are persons with the surname Stark who lived at Dwellings 201, 203, 204, 208, and 252. All of these persons were reported as born in Washington County, New York; the exceptions being the wives of David Stark and Myron Stark.

 

 

 

Page 3

 

Listed as the head of Dwelling 203, Family 232, was Isaac Stark, age 47 (b. 1808), in the year 1855 . His wife was reported to be Elisabeth, age 28 (b. 1827). Children were: Elijah, age 16 (b. 1839); Simon H., age 15 (b. 1840); John, age 10 (b. 1845); Henry, age 8 (b. 1847), and George W., age 3 (b. 1852). Observe the ages of the children in this family clearly suggests Elisabeth, Isaac's wife, was not the mother of Elijah and Simon H. for she would have only been 12 and 13 years of age when they were born. However, Elisabeth could have been the mother of John, Henry, and George W. Therefore, Elisabeth must have been Isaac's second wife. As is well known, the Elisabeth/Elizabeth given name has the nicknames Beth, Betsy, or Betsey. Many of the genealogical files published report Betsey Ann (Shaw) Starks indicated to be the one and only wife of Isaac was born in 1811 and died at the age of 99 in Vermont in 1910. Clearly, if this person was the Elisabeth reported in the 1855 census, then there is a documented birth year conflict.

There are several documents that are quite confusing related to Betsey Ann. The information in her obituary in 1910 was most likely provided by her son, John J. Stark and John was also the informant for her Vermont Death Certificate. The following are Betsey Ann's obituary, her Vermont Death Certificate, and Tombstone in Comstock, NY.

 


Betsey's Obituary

Reported March 9, 1910 in the Rutland, Vermont Daily Herald:

The Death of Mrs. Betsy Ann Stark occurred yesterday morning at 5:30 o'clock at the home of her son, J. J. Stark in Mendon. Mrs. Stark was probably one of the oldest women in the state, being within a few months of 100 years of age. Although not a direct descendant of Gen. John Stark of the battle of Bennington, she was related to him by marriage. Mrs. Stark's husband's father was a brother of Gen. Stark. [Genetically, assuming Isaac Stark was Mrs. Stark's husband, the descendant of J. J. Stark, #171830, cannot be a descendant of Gen. John Stark.]

Betsy Ann Stark was born in Granville, N. Y., on April 5, 1811, and her maiden name was Betsy Ann Winchell. She had one brother, Jaxon Winchell, who died many years ago. At the age of 14 years, Miss Winchell was married to Mr. Stark who was a prosperous farmer of that locality. To them was born six children, five boys and a girl and of these only one is surviving, J. J. Stark, with whom she made her home. Her son is a veteran of the Civil War. [Milo Stark has been reported to have died March 20, 1918 in Fort Ann, N. Y. This suggests Milo could not have been a son of this Betsy Ann Stark if J. J. Stark was her only surviving child in 1910.]

Mrs. Stark, up to a month ago retained her faculties remarkable well. Her sight was good and during the past winter she ?plesed? seven bed quilts without the use of glasses. Her memory was also very clear and she frequently used to tell of the village of Whitehall, N. Y., when it had but a few houses. Mr. Stark has been dead for 36 years [Isaac died in 1874].

The funeral will be held at the house tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock and the remains will be taken to Comstock, N. Y. for burial.


Betsey's Death Certificate

Certificate of Death: State of Vermont:

County: Rutland / City: Mendon / Full Name of Deceased: Betsy Ann Stark

Personal & Statistical Particulars

Sex: Female / Color or Race; White / Widowed / Death of Death: March 8, 1910 / Date of Birth: April 5, 1811 / Age: 99 years

Occupation: Housewife / Place of Birth: Manville, New York / Name of Husband: Isaac Stark

Name of Father: ---- / Birth Place of Father: Manville, New York / Maiden Name of Mother: ------ / Birth Place of Mother: ------

Informant: John Stark / Burial: Comstock, New York

betseyshawtb.jpg (697336 bytes)
Betsey's Tombstone

Also available to document Betsey Ann's death is a photo of her tombstone taken in the Comstock, New York, cemetery her stone next to that of Isaac Stark. Her Tombstone reports the same date of death but her birth date as March 29, 1810. Assuming there are no errors in the death certificate nor in the 1855 census record, then it would appear Betsey Ann Starks and Elisabeth (Unknown) Stark could not be the same person. However, let's investigate a bit further.

Betsey's death certificate reported she was married to Isaac Stark. Assuming John J. Stark was the informant for her obituary and death certificate and Milo Stark was a son of Isaac, there are several contradictory statements in these documents. The Y-DNA of a descendant of Milo Stark, #203166 (C), clearly shows Milo's father, Isaac Stark according to the genealogy, cannot genetically be a brother of General John Stark and a son of Archibald Stark.

 When (C) is compared to a member of Group 2 who descends from a brother of General John Stark (#25347), their is zero probability they could share Archibald Stark as a common ancestor within 8 generations. However, as reported above, Milo's descendant definitely shares Aaron Stark [1608-1685] as a common ancestor with members of Group 1. Therefore, if Milo was a son of Isaac Stark, then there is a discrepancy in Betsey's obituary, for Milo's grandfather could not have genetically been a brother of General John Stark, nor can the descendant of John J. Stark, #171830 (B), share Archibald Stark as a common ancestor with Group 2 member, #25347, within 8 generations for the probability is only 3.98%, well below my 80% confidence threshold.

 Betsey's obituary  reported: "Miss Winchell (Betsey Ann Stark) was married to Mr. Stark (Isaac Stark) who was a prosperous farmer of that locality. To them was born six children, five boys and a girl and of these only one is surviving, J. J. Stark, with whom she made her home." The genealogy of Milo Stark documents his death as March 20, 1918 in Fort Ann, NY, this death date inscribed on his tombstone. If Milo was a son of Betsey Ann, why was he not reported as a surviving son? If John J. Stark was the informant, surely he would have known he had a surviving brother named Milo. Here we find another discrepancy in the obituary that doesn't seem to fit the genealogical documentation. Could it be possible, from the documentation, Betsey Ann Winchell was the Mother of Simon Stark, John J. Stark, Henry Stark, George Stark, and a Rollin Stark reported later to be Henry Freeman Stark's brother in Henry's obituary? That would be five sons, although I've seen no record of a daughter in the records other than the above obituary. Perhaps the reason Milo was not included is because he was not a son of Betsey Ann Winchell. More on this later.    

 

 

 

 

     

Page 4

 


John W. Stark
Birth Certificate
johnjstarksdc.jpg (101341 bytes)
John J. Stark
Death Certificate

John J. Stark Obituary

Ft. Ann, Washington Co.,
New York 1900 Census

Henry Freeman Stark
Death Certificate

Simon Stark Death Certificate

John J. Stark married Helen S. Pitts and they had a son named John William Stark, born April 20, 1875 in Clarendon, Rutland County, Vermont. The birth certificate reported John J. Stark was born in Fort Ann, Washington County, New York and his mother, Helen was born in Granville, New York. John W. Stark was the grandfather of Member (B). Helen Pitts died in 1904.

The death certificate of John J. Starks reports he was born March 20, 1846. Emma (Brown) Starks, John's 2nd wife, whom he married in 1906, was the informant. John died January 11, 1912, almost two years after Betsey Ann (Winchell) Starks. Recall from above, John was the informant reported in Betsey's death certificate and he did not report the names of her parents. However, John's informant reports the maiden name of John's Mother was Betsy Shaw. In Betsey's Obituary, it was reported her maiden name was Winchell and she had a deceased brother named Jason. Therefore, John's 2nd wife of about 6 years, provides us with another surname for Betsey Ann.

---------------

Certificate of Death; State of Vermont;

County: Rutland / City: Mendon / Full Name of Deceased: John J. Stark

Personal & Statistical Particulars

Sex: Male /  Color or race: White / Married

Date of Birth: March 20, 1846 / Age: 65 years; 9 months; 22 days

Occupation: Farmer / Place of Birth: New York / Name of Wife if Married: Emma [Emma F. Brown, 2nd wife of John]

Name of Father: Isaac / Birth Place of Father: New York

Maiden Name of Mother: Betsy Ann Shaw / Birth Place of Mother: New York

Informant: Mrs. Emma Stark

-----------

Reported January 12, 1912 in the Rutland, Vermont Daily Herald:

Mendon Resident Fought in Union Army During Civil War

John J. Stark of Mendon died early yesterday morning of heart disease. He had been considered seriously ill for but a few days and his death was a surprise to his friends, although he has been a victim of heart disease for years.

Mr. Stark was 65 years old and had lived in Mendon 20 years. He was born in Fort Ann, N. Y., and had at one time lived at North Clarendon. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War in the 96th New York Infantry and later in the 7th Vermont Infantry.

He is survived by his wife, one son, John W. Stark of Springfield, Mass., and a daughter, Mrs. Minnie Faulkner, of West Ridge, N. H.

--------------------------------------

Betsey A. Starkes reported as the Mother of Henry Starkes, head of the house, in the 1900 Fort Ann, Washington County, New York census.[4] Betsey's birth was reported to be in April of 1823, her age was 77, and she was a widow. Reported Betsey Ann Starke had one child and one child living. Henry's birth was reported to be in October of 1847 and his age was given as 52. The 1847 Fort Ann Birth notices report Henry Stark was born September 9, 1847 to Isaac Stark and Elisabeth Stark. Listed as the only person in the next family in this census was Rollin Stark, born in October of 1861, reported in Henry's 1904 obituary to be a brother of Henry.

[Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Fort AnnWashingtonNew York; Roll: T623_1172; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 120.]

--------------------------------------

Reported May 28, 1904 in the Morning Star (?Washington County News Paper?):

Henry Stark(s)

Henry Starks died at his home in Fort Ann, Monday Morning at 7 o'clock, aged fifty-seven years. He is survived by his Mother, Mrs. Betsey Starks, and one brother, Rollin Starks. The funeral will be held this morning. [Apparently the Rollin Starkes reported in the 1900 census]

-----------------------------------------

A Verified Transcript from the Register of Deaths

Date of Death: May 16, 1904 / Registered No.: 844 /  Place of Death: Fort Ann, New York  / Name of Deceased: Henry F. Stark

Age: 57 years / Sex: Male / Color or Race: White / Married / Name of Wife: -------

Date of Birth: ------------- / Birth Place: Hartford, N. Y. / How Long Resident Here: 36 years / Occupation: Laborer

Father's Name: Isaac Stark / Mother's Maiden Name: Betsey Ann Stark / Place of Burial: Clarendon, VT

------------------------------------------

A Verified Transcript from the Register of Deaths

Date of Death: December 30, 1885 / Registered No.: 149 /  Place of Death: Fort Ann, New York  / Name of Deceased: Simon Starks

Age: 41 years; 6 Months / Sex: Male / Color or Race: White / Married / Name of Wife: -------

Date of Birth: ------------- / Birth Place: Granville, N. Y. / How Long Resident Here: --------- / Occupation: Laborer

Father's Name: Isaac Starks / Mother's Maiden Name: Betsey Winchell / Place of Burial: Granville, NY

Comment: The 1855 census suggests Simon was born in 1840. However, if Simon was 41 years of age in 1885, when he died, then his year of birth would have been 1844. However, the 1860 census for Washington County, New York reported he was 20 years old, married, and had a son named Almond. Between 1860 and 1870, Simon moved to Thurman, Warren County, NY with his son Almond. In 1870 his age was given as 31 and there was not a wife in the home. This would seem to imply he was born about 1840.

 

 

 

       

Page 4

 

While I have not found Isaac recorded in the 1850 and 1860 census records, he was reported in the 1870 census.[1] Living in Fort Ann at Dwelling 149, family 163 was Isaac Starks, age 65 (b.1805), Betsey Starks, age 45 (b. 1825), and George Starks, age 16 (b. 1854). Living at the same Dwelling, family 164 was Henry Starks, age 22 (b. 1848), Lucinda Starks, age 23 (b.1847), and Frank Starks, age 2 (b. 1868). Observe in this census Betsey Stark was 45 years of age, suggesting she was born in 1825. Comparing the persons listed in the 1870 census to those in the 1855 census, it would appear Isaac Starks, George Starks, and Henry Starks had the approximate correct ages related to those with these names reported in the 1855 census. Would it seem reasonable the Elisabeth Stark, age 28 in 1855, could be Betsey Starks, age 45, reported in 1870? What was reported in the 1880 census?

Isaac died in 1874 and was not recorded in the 1880 census. In the Fort Ann 1880 census transcription that follows, Betsey Starks was reported to be 49 years of age (b. 1831) and a widow.[2]

 

Dwelling 414 / Family 448 

Line 16 / Starks, Betsey / w / f/ 49 / Head / widow / Keeping House / NY / NY / VT

Line 17 / Starks, Henry / w / m / 34 / Son / Married / Works on RR /  NY / NY / NY

Line 18 / Starks, Lucinda / w / f / 33 / Dau-in-law / Married / House work / VT / VT / VT

Line 19 / Starks, Frank / w / m / 12 / Gson / Single / At Home / NY / NY / VT

Line 20 / Starks, Jennie / w / f / 7 / Gdau / Single / At Home / NY / NY / VT

Line 21 / Starks, George / w / m / 5 / Gson / Single / At Home / NY / NY / VT

Line 22 / Starks, Isaac / w / m / 3 / Gson / Single / At Home / NY / NY / VT

Line 23 / Starks, Wm H. / w / m / 6 months (b. Nov.) / Gson / Single / At Home / NY / NY / VT

 

The names and approximate ages of the persons reported in the above three census years suggests they could all be members of the same family. Isaac, father of Elijah & Simon with a unknown 1st wife could have been the father of John, Henry, & George with a 2nd wife, Elisabeth (or Betsey), reported in the 1855, 1870 and 1880 census years. Then we have a Betsey A. Starkes reported as the Mother of Henry Starkes, head of the house, in the 1900 Fort Ann, Washington County, New York census.[3] Betsey's birth was reported to be in April of 1823, her age was 77, and she was a widow. The month of birth was the same as reported in Betsey's death certificate, but her birth year in the 1900 census was 12 years later.

All of the above suggests Betsey Starks was born as early as 1823 and as late as 1831. Therefore, the census documents do not support Betsey died in 1811 as reported in the Vermont Death Certificate. Isaac may have had a first wife born in 1811, but if Elizabeth/Betsey was his second wife, the census records report she was born some 12 to 20 years later. We have a dilemma; what is the correct birth year for Betsey Ann Starks who married Isaac Starks?

If Betsey Ann Starks and Elisabeth Starks are the same person, then the records cited are clearly in conflict related to her birth year. If the age of Elisabeth was correctly reported in the 1855 census, then it becomes clear she was not the mother of Elijah and Simon, nor Milo Starks. It would appear the Milo Stark in Dwelling #208 is the same Milo Starks that Member C reports was a son of Isaac. It would also appear John Stark, age 10, born about 1845, could be the same John J. Stark reported to be a son of Isaac in the lineage of Member B.

In the above 1855 census, Milo Stark was living in the home of his Collins in-laws at Dwelling 208. The 1840 census reports a Isaac Stark living in Granville, Washington County, NY with a male in the home born between 1825 and 1830.[4b] Milo Starks has been reported as born October 14, 1829. Living one dwelling away in 1840 was Reuben Van Gilder, with two females in the 15 and under 20 age group, born between 1820 and 1825. When John J. Stark married his second wife, Emma F. Brown in 1906, he reported the name of his Mother was Elisabeth Gilder.[4c] Several other genealogical files report Isaac Starks married Betsey Ann Winchell. In the 1830 census for Granville, I found a number of persons with the surname Winchell living next to Reuben Van Gilder.[4d] In 1830, Reuben reported having daughters in the 5 thru 9; 10 thru 14, and 15 thru 19 age groups. Suppose that could be a connection? Living on both sides of Reuben was Elijah Winchell and William Winchell. Perhaps a coincidence?

__________

1)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Fort Ann, WashingtonNew York; Roll: M593_1110; Page: 129A; Image: 262; Family History Library Film: 552609.

2)

Source: Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Fort Ann, WashingtonNew York; Roll: 942; Family History Film: 1254942; Page: 116B; Enumeration District: 134; Image: 0235. Enumerated June 23, 1880.

3)

betseyastark1900c.jpg (74114 bytes)Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Fort AnnWashingtonNew York; Roll: T623_1172; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 120. Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement of the 1900 census. Use back button to return to this text.

4)

a) John J. Starks Death Certificate. Contributor: Virginia McGann.

b) Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: Granville, Washington, New York; Roll: 348; Page: 197; Image: 402; Family History Library Film: 0017209.

c) Source: Marriages Registered in the Town of Whitman in the year 1906. Contributor: Virginia McGann (Copy of Original in her files).

d) Ancestry.com. 1830 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: 1830 U S Census: Granville, Washington, New York, Page: 250; NARA Roll: M19-111; Family History Film: 0017171.

 



 

 

Page 4

 

Based on the above, I present the following theoretical explanation why Members B & C do not genetically match. Would it be possible Isaac Starks married a Betsey Van Guilder who married first someone with the surname Winchell, and she had a son named John with this first husband. She then married Isaac, he being the father of, for example, her sons, Henry and George W. Starks. Isaac then adopted John resulting in his having the surname Starks. Only a theory, but would explain the genetic mismatch between Member B & C and support the Member B family tradition suggesting Henry and John were half-brothers. In this scenario, Milo Starks and John J. Starks would not have been half-brothers, but step-brothers. However, Henry and John would have been half-brothers, sharing Betsey as their Mother, but having different father's.

This could be resolved if Henry Starks has a living direct male descendant. If such a person was tested and he was a genetic match to Member C, then we may have an explanation why Member B and C are not a genetic match. We now know Member C is a genetic match to known descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]. However, I will now discuss an alternative lineage from Isaac to Aaron that is contrary to many of the published genealogical lineages.

 

Was Benjamin Starks [1785-1854] the Father of Isaac?

Genetically, Member C is known to be a descendant of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]. As a given for the following discussion, the lineage for Member C to Isaac Starks [1805-1874] will be considered correct. However, was Benjamin Stark [1785-1854] the father of Isaac Stark as suggested in the Member C lineage?

The 1855 census for Fort Ann reported Isaac Stark, age 47, and Benjamin Starks, age 47, were born in Washington County, New York in the year 1808 and they had been residents of the County for the same number of years. Assuming these census statements were correct, then the 1810 census for Washington County, New York should report Stark family members, perhaps even the parents of Isaac and Benjamin. The following 1810 census reports those living in Washington county in 1810 with the surname "Starks" and includes the surname Dickerman, the maiden name of Benjamin's reported spouse, Cynthia Dickerman. The official enumeration day for the 1810 census was August 6, 1810. All questions asked were supposed to refer to that date. The enumeration was to be completed within nine months, but the due date was extended by law to ten months.

 

Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1810 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004. Source Citation: Year: 1810; Census Place: Granville, Washington, New York; Roll: 30; Page: 432; Image: 333.00.

Head of the House: Jeremiah Dickerman (*Name Index has Jeseniah Dickerman)

Males: [10 thru 15 = 1] / [16 thru 26 = 1] / [45 & over = 1]

Females: [10 thru 15 = 1] / [45 & over = 1]

Two Census Pages & 43 lines down

Source Citation: Roll: 30; Page: 434; Image: 334.00.

Head of the House; Benjamin Starks

Males: [16 thru 25 = 1]

Females: [16 thru 25 = 1]

16 lines down

Source Citation: Roll: 30; Page: 434; Image: 334.00.

Head of the House : Nathan Starks

Males: [Under 10 = 2] / [10 thru 15 = 1] / [16 thru 25 = 3] / [45 & over = 1]

Females: [45 & over = 1]

 

The above reports there was a Jeremiah Dickerman living in Granville, Washington County, New York in 1810. Living 43 dwellings away in the census was Benjamin Starks who according to many genealogical files married Cynthia Dickerman. Assuming Jeremiah Dickerman was the father of Cynthia, observe Benjamin reported no children living in the home on the enumeration date of August 6, 1810. Living 16 dwellings away from Benjamin was Nathan Starks. Benjamin and Cynthia's range of birth years would have been 1785 to before 1795. However, assuming Benjamin and Cynthia had not had a child at the time of the enumeration, then Isaac's birth in the year 1805 (as reported in the 1870 census) or in 1808 as reported in the 1855 census suggests Benjamin and Cynthia could not have been the parents of Isaac.

Now observe there were two males living in the home of Nathan Starks under the age of 10. Clearly, the year of birth range from 1800 to 1810 would include Isaac's 1805 reported birth year. Nathan and the female in the 45 & over age group would have been born before1765 and could have been the parents of Isaac, born in Washington County according to the 1855 census. The 1870 census for Fort Ann reports Isaac Starks was 65 years of age, born in the year 1805, which further suggests Isaac could have been one of the males under 10 years of age living in Nathan's home in 1810.[1] 

Based on the 1855 census and the 1810 census, the most likely Father of Isaac Starks was Nathan Starks. Benjamin Starks, reported in the 1810 census, reported no children in his home in August of 1810 excluding him as a possible father of Isaac  because Isaac was born about five years before the August 6, 1810 enumeration date. Then who was Nathan Starks and who might have been his parents?

 

Probable Parents of Nathan

Many Genealogical Files report Nathan Stark married 1st, Jemima Farnsworth, and 2nd, Francis (Unknown). He has been reported to have died in 1852 in Collins, Erie County, New York. However, this date of death and 2nd marriage conflicts with a Revolutionary War Pension Application made by one Jemima "Start."[3] In her application she reports she married Nathan in the first part of June in 1782; that Nathan was in the Battle of Wyoming in 1778; that with his father's family removed from Wyoming to the town of Granville in the County of Washington and state of New York; and that Nathan died September 19, 1812, at Granville. According to her application, Jemima was born August 25, 1760. Clearly, her Nathan Start, whom she married in Granville, could not be a Nathan Stark who died in 1852 in Erie County, New York. 

__________

1)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Fort AnnWashingtonNew York; Roll: M593_1110; Page: 129A; Image: 262; Family History Library Film: 552609. Author's Comment: Betsey Starks, age 45 was living in the home.

2)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Fort AnnWashingtonNew York; Roll: M593_1110; Page: 126B; Image: 257; Family History Library Film: 552609. Author's Comment: Minerva Starks, age 58 was living in the home.

3)

Source: Series: M805 Roll: 767 Image: 287 File: W20067 Page: 4 of 5: Transcription: "Onondaga County, NY. 15 July 1840 came Jemima Start, a resident of the town of Elbridge in the said county, aged 80 years on the 25 August next ... that she is the widow of Nathan Start, a Revolutionary soldier, ... he was a private in the state militia of Pennsylvania and was at the Battle of Wyoming in 1778 ... Soon after his return to Wyoming, he together with his father's family removed from Wyoming to the town of Gran Ville in the County of Washington and state of New York ... She was married to the said Nathan Start on the fore part of June in the year 1782 by Elder Jones a Presbyterian Clergyman in the town of Gran Ville in the County of Washington state of New York and that her husband Nathan Start died on the 19th Sep 1812 at Gran Ville."

 

 

 

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The 1800 census provides a possible clue that a Nathan Starks could have married a woman with the surname Farnsworth. The Westfield, Washington County, New York 1800 census reports one Nathan Starks, born after 1775 and before 1784, was living two dwellings away from Four members of a Farnsworth Family, the patriarch of this family most likely Josiah Farnsworth, born before 1755.[1] A female in Nathan Starks Family was born after 1755 and before 1775, this person most likely Nathan's wife, Jemima Farnsworth. There are 4 males in Nathan's family under 10 years of age, 2 males and one female 10 and under 16 years of age. While Nathan's age range would be young to be the Nathan Start reported in Jemima's Pension application, it's possible the enumerator marked the wrong age range column. If this is the same Nathan reported in 1810, then he was born before 1766. Certainly, one cannot ignore the presence of the Farnsworth families nearby. If Nathan Stark who married Jemima Farnsworth died in the year 1812, then who was the Nathan Stark who died in Erie County, New York?

There are a total of 26 persons buried in the Marshfield Cemetery located in Erie County, New York.[2] One of those buried in this cemetery was Nathan Starks. His tombstone records his date of birth as April, 1769 and his date of death as November of 1851. Buried next to him was his wife, Francis, and next to her, his daughter Olive. Also buried in this Cemetery was Freelove (Starks) Lewis. Freelove was born October 27, 1808 and died October 11, 1876.

The 1850 Census for Collins, Erie County, New York, revealed Olive Starks, age 38 (b. 1812 in NY), was living in the home of Freelove (Starks) Lewis (b. 1808 in NY) and her husband, Hiram A. Lewis.[3]  The cemetery records report Freelove (Starks) Lewis was also the sister of Rebecca Starks who married John Arnold Lewis, brother of Hiram. The 1850 census shows a Rebecca (Starks) Lewis, married to John A. Lewis, was born in Vermont in 1807.[4] Assuming these records are correct, then if this Nathan Starks was living in Granville in 1810, there should have been two females in the home under 10 years of age. However, observe the only female recorded livng in the home of Nathan of Granville in 1810 was 45 or older, most likely Jemima Farnsworth.

It how becomes certain the Nathan Starks of Granville, New York and the Nathan Starks buried in Erie County, New York, cannot be the same person. Nathan Starks, buried in the Marshfield Cemetery, and most likely his one and only wife, Frances, were living in Vermont before 1808. They then most likely moved to Sodus, Ontario County, New York, where Nathan Starks, in the 26 thru 44 age group is reported to have three daughters under 10 years of age. Erie County  was a part of a much larger Ontario County in 1802. Niagara County was created from part of Ontario County in 1808 and Erie County was created from part of Niagara in 1821. It is more likely the Collins, New York, Nathan Starks was a son of Nathan Stark [1743-1830] and Olive Morgan. If this is true, then who was the father of Nathan Starks living in Granville, New York in 1810?

Jemima's Pension Application reports Nathan participated in the "Battle of Wyoming" and then removed to Granville from that place with his father's family.[5] If this is fact or partially true, then Nathan's Father was Christopher Stark, Jr. [1728-1785], the son of Christopher Stark, Sr. [1696-1777]. It is known Christopher (Junior) moved to the Albany County Region after a failed attempt to pioneer in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania. New York Revolutionary War military records further suggests Christopher Stark served with his sons Asahel, William, and Nathan.[6] This suggests Member C's Lineage before Isaac Starks was: 1) Isaac Starks, son of Nathan Stark and Jemima Farnsworth; 2) Nathan Starks, son of Christopher Stark (Junior); 3) Christopher (Junior), son of Christopher Stark (Senior) and Joanna Walworth; 4) Christopher Stark (Senior), son of William Stark (Senior) and Elizabeth; and 5) William Stark (Senior), son of Aaron Stark [1608-1685].

 

Who Was Benjamin Starks Living In Granville, New York in 1810?

There is still a bit of a puzzle. We have shown there was a Benjamin Starks living near Nathan Starks in Granville in 1810. He was apparently married, but no children were reported in the house. Benjamin's age range was 16 thru 25 implying he was born between 1785 and 1794. Because he was living near Nathan, he may have been a son of Nathan Starks and Jemima Farnsworth. Jemima's Pension Application reported she married Nathan in June of 1782, placing Benjamin's age range after the marriage. Jemima then reported her husband died in Granville in September of 1812. What happened to the family after his death?

Living in  Whitehall, Washington County, New York in 1820 were five men with the surname Starks. [Census Index spells the surname as "Stacks."] They were Benjamin, Daniel, Joseph, Oliver, and Thomas.[7] All were recorded on Page 123 of the census with Benjamin and Thomas separated by two dwellings; Daniel and Joseph were living next door to each other, and Oliver and Daniel were separated by one dwelling. Benjamin and Oliver were separated by 23 dwellings. Benjamin and Daniel were in the 26 thru 44 age group; Joseph and Thomas were in the 16 thru 25 age group; and Oliver was in the 16 thru 18 age group. These age ranges fall within age ranges of males living in Nathan's home in the 1790,1800, and 1810 census years. Therefore, it would seem quite possible they could have been Nathan's sons. Whitehall is located about 10 to 12 miles northwest of Granville.

 __________

1)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1800 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1800; Census Place: Westfield, Washington, New York; Roll: 26; Page: 304; Image: 297; Family History Library Film: 193714.

2)

nathanstarkserieny.jpg (36879 bytes)Source: www.findagrave.com: Marshfield Cemetery, Erie County, New York. 26 total internments.

Photo: Nathan Starks Tombstone, Marshfield Cemetery. Click on photo to see enlargement. Use your back button to return to this text.

 

3)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Collins, ErieNew York; Roll: M432_499; Page: 311A; Image: 301.

4)

Ibid. Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Collins, Erie, New York; Roll: M432_499; Page: 305A; Image: 289.

5)

Source: "Christopher Stark Family In Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania," by Clovis LaFleur, 2007.

6)

Source; "Appendix 1: Nathan Stark, Son of Christopher Stark, Jr.?," by Clovis LaFleur, 2002.

7)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1820 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation (Benjamin, Thomas): 1820 U S Census: Whitehall, Washington, New York, Page: 123; NARA Roll: M33_76; Image: 238. (Daniel, Joseph, Oliver): Page: 123; NARA Roll: M33_76; Image: 239.

 

 

 

Page 6

 

In the 1830 census year, there was a Benjamin Starks and Oliver Starks living in Conquest, Cayuga County, New York. Cayuga County shares a portion of it's eastern border with Onondaga County, New York, the same County where Jemima (Farnsworth) Starks made her pension application. Benjamin's age range was 40 thru 49 placing his birth year between 1780 and 1790. Oliver's age range was 30 thru 49 placing his birth year between 1790 and 1800, older than reported in 1820.

Benjamin's probable spouse in the 1820 census had the same age range, suggesting both were born between 1774 and 1795. However, the oldest female in this home of a Benjamin in 1830 was in the 20 through 29 age range, suggesting she was younger and born between 1800 and 1810. This could be Benjamin Starks second wife, reported by many genealogists to have been Ann Chase, while the female in the 1820 census was his first wife, Cynthia Dickerman, the marriage to Ann occurring between 1820 and 1830. It would not seem unreasonable to conclude that Oliver and Benjamin Starks recorded in this 1830 census were the same persons with these given names reported in the 1820 census for Whitehall.

In 1830, there was a Benjamin Starks reported living in Hampton, Washington County, New York. [2] [Census Index spells the surname as "Stacks."] Isaac Starks was also living in Hampton, both men reported in the 20 thru 30 age range. Daniel Starks was reported living in Whitehall, his age range in the 40 thru 49 age group. Hampton is located slightly about 8 miles southeast from Whitehall near the western border of Vermont.  This area of New York was part of a jurisdictional dispute between New York and Vermont. The matter was not settled until after 1790. The town was formed in 1786 and was once called "Hampton Corners" and "Greenfield." It was founded by Gideon G. Warren, a former American Revolutionary War officer.

While there are different birth dates of 1777 or 1785 reported by many genealogists, they agree that a Benjamin Starks died in 1854 in Ohio. Most report he died in Wakeman, Huron County, Ohio. If Benjamin died in Ohio in 1854, then he could have been living in Ohio in the 1850 census year. A search of the 1850 census records did not reveal a Benjamin Starks was living in Huron County, but did report a Benjamin Starks, age 72 (born in 1778), living in Henrietta, Lorain County, Ohio.

Wakeman Township is one of 19 townships in Huron County, located in the northeast corner of the County. This township shares it's eastern border with Lorain County. Henrietta Township, located in Lorain county, shares it's western border with Huron County and its southwest corner with Wakeman Township. Therefore, it would seem quite possible that the Benjamin Starks reported in the Ohio 1850 census could be the Benjamin Stark genealogists believe died in Wakeman in 1854, although the birth years do not match in all of the genealogical files.. 

These genealogical files name Ann Chase as the second wife of Benjamin. Living in the Henrietta home in 1850 was: Benjamin Starks, age 72 (b. NY); Ann Starks, age 50 (b. NY); Sarah Starks, age 16 (b. NY); Joseph Starks, age 13 (b. OH); Daniel Starks, age 11 (b. OH); Betsy Starks, age 7 (b. OH); Mary Starks, age 5 (b. OH); Laury Starks, age 3 (b. OH); and John Starks, age 1 (b. OH).[3] Ann Starks, age 50, could have been Ann Chase reported by these genealogists. The children and their years of birth in this 1850 census record also match those recorded in the genealogical files suggesting the source was most likely this 1850 census record. This record tells us Ann (Chase) Starks was born in 1800 in New York; while her daughter, Sarah Starks, was born in New York in the year 1834 and her son, Joseph Starks, was born in Ohio in 1837. Therefore, Benjamin should have been living in Ohio in 1840. Could it have been Lorain County?[4]

 

Head of the house: Benj Starks

Township: Henrietta, Lorain, Ohio

Males: [Under 5 = 1; Joseph] / [15 & under 20 = 1] / [20 & under 30 = 1] / [60 & under 70 = 1; Benj]

Females: [Under 5 = 1; ?Sarah?] / [10 & under 15 = 1] / [40 & under 50 = 1; Ann]

 

The male and female under 5 were most likely Sarah and Joseph from the 1850 census. The male 60 and under 70 would have been born after 1770 and before 1781; suggesting Benjamin in the 1850 census was the same person. Ann (Chase) Starks was most likely the same person reported in the 40 and under 50 age range, perhaps being 40 years of age in 1840 on the enumeration date and then 50 years of age in 1850 on that enumeration date. Observe there was one male in the 15 & under 20 age range and another in the 20 and under 30 age range. The first birth occurred between 1825 and 1830 while the second occurred between 1810 and 1820. There is also a female born between 1825 and 1830.

All of the above, taken together, suggests Benjamin Starks, living near Nathan Starks in Granville, New York in 1810 could have been living in Whitehall, New York with his brothers. Between 1820 and 1830 he moved to Cayuga County, New York with his brother, Oliver and perhaps with his Mother, Jemima. Either in Washington County, or Cayuga County, Cynthia died and Benjamin married Ann Chase. Between 1834 and 1837, Benjamin and Ann then moved to Lorain County, Ohio where they appear in the 1840 and 1850 census. Benjamin has been reported to have died in 1854 and buried in Wakeman, Huron County, Ohio, located just across the County border of Lorain County.

Relative to the many moves this Benjamin may have made during his lifetime, the above has investigated the possibility Benjamin Starks who lived near Nathan Starks in 1810 in Granville, could be the same person who died in Wakeman, Huron County, Ohio in 1854. The places where other persons were living in the same regions suggests these two men may have been the same person. Although there are discrepancies in the year of birth, if he was born between 1785 and 1790, he was most likely the son of Nathan. However, this assumptions presents a problem, discussed next.

 

A Flaw In The Logic

In the beginning of this analysis, the 1855 census reported Isaac Stark and Benjamin Stark who married Minerva White, were born in 1808. The 1850 census reports Benjamin was born in 1810, while census records from 1860 through 1880, suggests birth years in 1808 or 1809. If Benjamin Stark from the 1855 census was one of the two males under ten reported in Nathan's home in 1810 and they were his sons then he named two sons Benjamin which would be most unlikely.

Census data can have enumerator errors and the person reporting to the enumerator can also introduce errors, especially related to the age of individuals. Presuming this could have occurred, perhaps Benjamin Stark who married Minerva White was born in 1810 just after the enumeration date. He could have been a son of Benjamin Stark and Cynthia Dickerman, although they reported no children in the home in 1810. The 1820 census for Whitehall suggests there were possibly five sons of Nathan that were married. Some of the males reported in their homes suggests they may have had male siblings in their homes that were children of Nathan and Jemima. In 1820, there were 11 persons living in Benjamin's home as follows:

 

Males: [Under 10 = 3] / [10 thru 15 = 2] / [16 thru 18 = 1] / [16 thru 25 = 1] / [26 thru 44 = 1]

Females: [Under 10 = 2] / [10 thru 15 = 1] / [26 thru 44 = 1]

 

The oldest male and female were most likely Benjamin and Cynthia. The four males and one female that were 10 thru 25 could not have been children of Benjamin and Cynthia, assuming this was the same couple reported in the 1810 census. They were more likely to have been siblings of Benjamin, and perhaps, even, Cynthia. If Benjamin Stark who married Minerva White was one of these males, then he most likely was the oldest of the males under 10 years of age. 

Finally, in closing this subject, Benjamin Stark reported in the 1810 census may have been a cousin of Nathan. If Nathan Starks who married Jemima Farnsworth was a son of Christopher Stark, as suggested earlier, and Benjamin Starks who married Cynthia Dickerman was a son of Nathan Stark [1743-1830], then we know Christopher Stark and Nathan Stark of Vermont were 1st cousins, their fathers be brothers. It would seem reasonable the two families knew each other. This then suggests Benjamin Starks who married Cynthia Dickerman was not a son of Nathan Starks and Jemima Farnsworth while Benjamin Starks who married Minerva White could have been their son.

 

Conclusions

The above, much of which can only be classified as circumstantial evidence, suggests John J. Starks and Milo Starks were step-brothers, each having a different father and mother. This explanation would satisfy the differences in the genetic results of Members B & C. Isaac Starks was most likely a son of Nathan Starks and Jemima Farnsworth; suggesting the above lineage from Isaac to Aaron. This genealogy would satisfy the genetic match of Member C to Project Members in Subgroup 1A. If Benjamin Stark who married Minerva White was the oldest son of Benjamin Starks who married Cynthia Dickerman; and Nathan Starks was their grandfather, then the lack of a genetic match of Member A to Members in Group 1 has produced an inconclusive result, for Member A and Member C belong to different Haplogroups. More genetic results are needed from descendants of the Washington County Stark families to better define the genetics and genealogy of this Project Group.

__________

1)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1830 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation (Benjamin): 1830 U S Census: Conquest, Cayuga, New York, Page: 404; NARA Roll: M19-88; Family History Film: 0017148. (Oliver): Page: 405; NARA Roll: M19-88; Family History Film: 0017148.

2) 

Ibid. Source Citation (Benjamin): 1830 U S Census: Hampton, Washington, New York, Page: 274; NARA Roll: M19-111; Family History Film: 0017171. (Isaac): Page: 293; NARA Roll: M19-111; Family History Film: 0017171. (Daniel): Whitehall, Washington, New York, Page: 347; NARA Roll: M19-111; Family History Film: 0017171.

3)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: Year: 1850; Census Place: Henrietta, Lorain, Ohio; Roll: M432_705; Page: 331B; Image: 184.

4)

Source: 1840 United States Federal Census. Source Citation: Year: 1840; Census Place: Henrietta, Lorain, Ohio; Roll: 409; Page: 158; Image: 325; Family History Library Film: 0020171.

5)

Source: Ancestry.com. 1820 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Source Citation: 1820 U S Census: Whitehall, Washington, New York, Page: 123; NARA Roll: M33_76; Image: 238.

 

 

 

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Appendix 1: Nathan Starks, Son of Christopher Stark, Jr.?

by Clovis LaFleur, 2002

[Note: The following is based on historical evidence researched by Clovis LaFleur in 2002 combined with the 1997 research of Sharon Reck.]

 

Evidence which may link Nathan Stark of Granville, Washington County, New York to Christopher Stark, Jr. is circumstantial. From military records [Nathan Start's Revolutionary War Pension Application W 20067], Nathan was born about 1762 and died September 19, 1812 in Granville. He married Jemima Farnsworth between 1779 and 1782 as sworn to by several of the Pension Application witnesses. That Nathan could be the son of Christopher, Jr. is based primarily on two different Pay Vouchers, one made to William Stark and the other to Nathan Stark by the State of New York. William Stark, who served in Capt. Harrison's Company, which was part of Colonel John Harper's Regiment of the New York Levies has been shown to most likely be a son of Christopher Stark, Jr. and brother of Asahel Stark. From the New York Pay Vouchers, Manuscript #12276 [Vol. 2, page 29], prepared on June 21, 1784, William requested; "Please to pay to William Wilson ... wagers due ... year 1780 in Capt. Harrison's Company, Col. Harpers Regiment of Levies ... signed William Stark, Witness James McClannan." From Manuscript #7516 [Vol. 2, page 117] we find that, "State of New York to Nathan Stark; 1781 Nov. 26. For my pay as a Private in Col. Harper's Regiment Levies during my captivity from 23 Oct. 1780 to this day is 13 months and 3 days @ 53/4 per month, 34 pounds, 18 shillings, and 8 pence. Audited 4 Mar 1786."

From the 1904 publication entitled, "New York In The Revolution as Colony and State", compiled by the New York State Comptroller, we find there was a Nathan Stark, William Stark, and Nathan Start who served in Colonel John Harper's Regiment of Levies, the names Nathan Stark/Start probably being the same person. The names in this publication were compiled from original records from the Revolutionary War period. Nathan's Records reveal his name was spelled either as Stark or Start which would have caused his name to appear twice. During the Revolutionary War there were three classifications of military forces operating in the Continental Armies. The "Line" regiments were in the United States service under General Washington. The "Levies" regiments consisted of men drafted from the different militia regiments, and from the people direct as well. These men could be called upon to serve outside the State where they resided for the entire term of their enlistment. The "Militia" regiments could only be called out of the state for three months at a time.

Nathan and William both were mentioned in their Pension Applications as beginning service under Seth Warner, leader of the "Green Mountain Boys" of Vermont, who saved the day at the end of the battle of Bennington, Vermont in 1777 when his regiment arrived to reinforce General Stark's troops. Granville, Cambridge and Pittstown, New York are only about 20 miles from Bennington and this area of New York, east of Albany and in southern Vermont, was claimed by both New York and New Hampshire before the war. However, Seth Warner and Ethan Allen, along with many others living in and around present day Bennington, Vermont, wanted the land to be a new colony not belonging to either. Before the war, Seth Warner's opposition to the New York authorities had made him a wanted man in the colony of New York. Therefore, in this region on both sides of the present day state line between Albany and Bennington, many of the settlers in the region supported Seth Warner and Ethan Allen. However, when hostilities began with the British, these differences were put aside but not forgotten.

William Stark's Pension Application mentions he served in Captain Joseph Harrison's Company, Colonel Warner's Regiment, for nine months from the spring of 1780. The Text, "New York In The Revolution as Colony and State", however, shows there was a Capt. Joseph Harrison in Harper's Regiment of Levies. Nathan's Pension Application, made by his widow, Jemima Farnsworth in 1840, indicates Nathan was a prisoner from Oct. 23, 1780 to Nov. 26, 1781, the same time interval in Nathan's Pay Voucher shown above and this pay voucher shows he was a member of Harper's Regiment of New York Levies. The facts of her statements on Nathan's service were subscribed to by Lyman B. Mason. In his statement he recalled; "That he with Nathan Start, William Preston, James Srout, John Babcock, Daniel Brown, and Roger Starkweather went from Cambridge, NY [Located about 20 miles northwest of Bennington, Vermont] in March of 1780 to join a company commanded by Capt. John Chipman [Also listed as a member of Harper's Regiment]. In the summer they went from Fort Edward under Col. Seth Warner [Warner was in charge of several of the Regiments operating in the eastern region of the Mohawk Valley from the spring of 1780 to about mid 1781] to Ft. George with Capt. William Brown, Dudley Morse. Later John Harper and Seth Sherwood were Captured." William Preston recalled; "That on account of courage, Nathan Start was given the nickname of General Stark."

The records in the publication entitled, "New York In The Revolution as Colony and State", shows there was a William Preston who served in Harper's Regiment. Clearly, from these documents, Nathan and William joined and served in Colonel John Harper's regiment which, along with several other Regiments, came under the command of Colonel Seth Warner in March of 1780. Capt. Harrison's Company became or was already part of Col. John Harper' Regiment. Further, we find from the same records Capt. Seth Sherwood served in Colonel Harper's Regiment and was captured Oct. 10, 1780. From these same records we find, "Harper, Capt. of Rangers; prisoner 18 months; shot through left arm and taken prisoner October 29, 1780 at German Flats, near Fort Dayton. Kingsland Distr." Therefore, Nathan and William's service in Harper's Regiment must have overlapped until Nathan was captured October 23, 1780 and that Nathan was probably captured in the same action as Capt. John Harper and Capt. Seth Sherwood . [Source: "Documents Relating to The Colonial History of the State of New York", Edited by Berthold Fernow, Volume XV, State Archives, Vol. I, Albany N.Y., Wood Parsons and Company, Printers, 1887. Section Titled, " Prisoners, From Regiments Of Levies."]

Nathan's widow, Jemima Start [Sometimes called Stark] further declared, "on July 15, 1840, at the age of 80 years old on the next August, she was the widow of Nathan Start, who was a private in the Militia of the state of Pennsylvania at the Battle of Wyoming in 1778." From records of those who participated in the Wyoming Valley Massacre July 3, 1778, all were listed as being in the 24th Regiment of the Connecticut Militia from what was then called Westmoreland County, Connecticut. If Nathan had seen service in this battle, then he would not have been in the Pennsylvania Militia. However, by 1790, the area was declared to belong to the State of Pennsylvania. By 1840, and even today, many people believe those who served in the Battle were part of the State of Pennsylvania Militia. Therefore, Mrs. Stark could have been mistaken in her belief Nathan had served with the Pennsylvania Militia.

On page 40 of the publication entitled, "The Aaron Stark Family, Seven Generations," by Charles R. Stark, published in 1927, there is listed Individual #236, which says, "Nathan Stark [Aaron, Christopher, William, Aaron]; There is considerable uncertainty about this name, it being claimed by some that there was no son by that name [Son of Aaron Stark]. The records of the Pension Office at Washington show that a Nathan Stark served as a private in Lieutenant Simon Spalding's Company in a battalion of Connecticut troops commanded by Colonel John Durkee. His name on the roll for 1778 bears the remark 'Enlisted for the war.' Phebe Shaw, last surviving child of Polly [Stark] Beach, said she had heard her mother talk many times about her brother Nathan, but no further record of him or his descendants has been found."

If this record exist showing the remark, "Enlisted for the war," then he was still a member of the 24th Regiment of Connecticut. All members of the 24th Regiment including those who participated July 3, 1778 are considered as members. We can say, however, if Nathan was born in 1762, then he could have joined in 1778 at the age of 16 and been a participant in this battle. However, there is no record of a Nathan Stark in the 24th Regiment of Connecticut or who is reported as a participant in the July 3, 1778 battle. It is believed this could be the Colonel John Durkee of Norwich, Connecticut who raised a Line Regiment from that region. Although related to the Captain John Durkee of Wyoming Valley fame, they are two different men serving in different areas during the war. There was a Nathan Stark living in Norwich at the time of the revolution who was descended from Abiel Stark, son of Aaron Stark, Jr. of Groton.

 

 

Page 8

 

In 1776, Congress authorized Captains Ransom and John Durkee to form two companies of Militia from Westmoreland County consisting of 84 men from the Wyoming Valley, fighting for Connecticut. Records show these two companies were part of the 24th Regiment of Connecticut. "The History of Luzerne County, PA", Part III, page 167, has this passage about the day of the Wyoming Valley Massacre, "About four in the afternoon the battle began; Col. Z. Butler ordered his men to fire, and at each discharge to advance a step. Along the whole line the discharges were rapid and steady. It was evident, on the more open ground the Yankees were doing most execution. As our men advanced, pouring in their platoon fires with great vivacity, the British line gave way, in spite of all their officers' efforts to prevent it. The Indian flanking party on our right, kept up from their hiding-places a galling fire. Lieut. Daniel Gore received a ball through the left arm. 'Captain Durkee', says he, 'look sharp for the Indians in those bushes.' Captain D. stepped to the bank to look, preparatory to making a charge and dislodging them, when he fell." From the history there was a John Durkee who participated in this battle. This was most likely the John Durkee referred to in the CRS text.

Other historical records report John Durkee resigned his commission from George Washington's Army and returned to the Valley when it became clear by May of 1778, attack was possible and the Valley was unprotected. He returned where another group of militia was raised, still referred to as part of the 24th Regiment of Connecticut.

We know that after the battle, Aaron Stark's widow returned to Dutchess County and later, her children would return to the Valley after the war was over. There is no evidence any members of this family moved north to the Albany County Area of New York. I suspect Jemima, because of her advanced age and perhaps not knowing the family origins, stated or misinterpreted what she had heard from other Stark family members. If the organization is correct in the CRS text, then this Nathan, and perhaps the Nathan, who was the spouse of Jemima Farnsworth were the same. Aaron Stark, son of Christopher Stark, Sr. was killed in the Wyoming Valley Massacre, his death witnessed by his son, Aaron, Jr. The CRS text clearly is not sure this Nathan is a son of Aaron. His reasoning is based on the statements of Aaron's granddaughter, Phebe (Beach) Shaw, daughter of Mary "Polly" Stark who married David Beach which says, "Phebe Shaw, last surviving child of Polly (Stark) Beach, said she had heard her mother talk many times about her brother Nathan, but no further record of him or his descendants has been found."

Jemima's Pension Application then mentions Nathan "enlisted in the army of General Sullivan, which went to the Susquehanna and West against the Indians." General Sullivan began this operation in July of 1779, moving from Eastern Pennsylvania to the Wyoming Valley and north on the Susquehanna River. The campaign was completed by September of 1779. Sullivan was given 2,500 men from Washington's army, some of whom were probably the first two Companies raised in Westmoreland County and sent to join Washington's Army before the Wyoming Valley Massacre. However, as shown above, we know Nathan could not have been one of these men. Another Army of 1,600 men under General Clinton went west by boat on the Mohawk River from Schenectady, New York, a few miles northwest of Albany, to the Susquehanna River and then south to meet Sullivan coming north on the same river. These 1,600 men were raised in and around Albany County, New York. Assuming Jemima has her facts correct, then Nathan could have been a member of this group of men from New York, raised in the Albany area. Another group was also raised from around Dutchess County which joined with Sullivan's Army by August, 1779 after a long march from southeastern New York. Nathan could have been a member of this militia group.

Jemima's next statement says, "He was discharged and returned to Wyoming and together with his father's family, moved to the town of Granville in Washington County, New York." This doesn't seem to coincide with the the Stark family histories of those driven from the Wyoming Valley after the massacre. The survivors of the families of James Stark, Aaron Stark, and William Stark all appear to have returned to Dutchess County after the massacre and did not return to the Valley until much later than 1779, many not until after the Revolutionary War. The residence of Aaron, James, and William in the Wyoming Valley before the massacre is confirmed by the 1776 Westmoreland County, Connecticut Tax list which records James and William Stark living in Wilkes-Barre District and Aaron Stark living in Pittston District.

Therefore, the Pension Application made by Nathan's widow in 1840 doesn't seem to completely match the historical facts. I would speculate Nathan Stark of Granville came north to Albany County around 1776 from Dutchess County with the family of Christopher Stark, Jr. This is somewhat supported by research done on the Overock Family. We know Michael Overock served in the 14th Albany Militia with Christopher, Asahel, and William. According to the family history of the Overock family, they left Beekman, Dutchess County, New York between 1768 and 1772 and moved to the Albany County Area of New York, setting up residence on the Hudson River. It would seem possible Christopher Stark, Jr. and his family could have moved at about the same time to Albany or soon after, for the records on the whereabouts of Christopher are lacking from 1770 to at least 1780. ["From Liedolsheim to America, The story of my Oberacker ancestors who left Germany about 1739 to make a new life in America," by Joan Marie Reichling, Written in the year 2000.] December 9, 1787, a William Stark witnessed the Last Will & Testament of Michael Overocker in Tomhannock, Rensselaer County, New York, the approximate area where the Overock family moved after leaving Dutchess County.

The above evidence moderately supports the theory Nathan Stark of Granville could be related to Christopher Stark, Jr., Asahel Stark, and William Stark, but is by no means conclusive. I believe, based on the above analysis, that Nathan Stark was living in or near Pittstown, NY in 1778 and joined Colonel John Harper's New York Levies in time to participate in General Sullivan's campaign up the Susquehanna River, being a part of General Clinton's army which departed from Schenectady, New York and moved south down the Susquehanna to join Sullivan. At the conclusion of this campaign, he had probably completed his nine month tour of duty with Harper's Regiment. In the spring of 1780, hostilities along the Mohawk River and Valley west of Albany prompted Nathan and William to join Harper's Regiment for nine months. During this tour of duty, Nathan was captured in October of 1780 and not released until November of 1781. Nathan's brother, William, served out his nine months in the Levies from March of 1780 to January of 1781 and returned to other duties, most likely serving in the 14th Albany County Regiment of Militia after January of 1781. Meanwhile, in the spring of 1780 to the end of 1781 and into early 1782, the 14th Albany Regiment of Militia was called out many times. We know there was a Christopher Stark, Jr., Asahel Stark, and William Stark who served in this unit, the William Stark most likely the same William Stark who served in Harper's Regiment of Levies. Therefore, because of time and place, Nathan is considered to be a son of Christopher Stark, Jr. until more evidence becomes available.

 

 

Event Comments / Transcriptions Thumbnail
Document
Obituary
John J. Stark
01/12/1912
------------------
Vermont Death Certificate
John J. Stark
01/11/1912

Reported January 12, 1912 in the Rutland, Vermont Daily Herald:

Mendon Resident Fought in Union Army During Civil War

John J. Stark of Mendon died early yesterday morning of heart disease. He had been considered seriously ill for but a few days and his death was a surprise to his friends, although he has been a victim of heart disease for years.

Mr. Stark was 65 years old and had lived in Mendon 20 years. He was born in Fort Ann, N. Y., and had at one time lived at North Clarendon. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War in the 96th New York Infantry and later in the 7th Vermont Infantry.

He is survived by his wife, one son, John W. Stark of Springfield, Mass., and a daughter, Mrs. Minnie Faulkner, of West Ridge, N. H.

--------------------------------------

Certificate of Death; State of Vermont;

County: Rutland / City: Mendon / Full Name of Deceased: John J. Stark

Personal & Statistical Particulars

Sex: Male /  Color or race: White / Married

Date of Birth: March 20, 1846 / Age: 65 years; 9 months; 22 days

Occupation: Farmer / Place of Birth: New York / Name of Wife if Married: Emma [Emma F. Brown, 2nd wife of John]

Name of Father: Isaac / Birth Place of Father: New York

Maiden Name of Mother: Betsy Ann Shaw / Birth Place of Mother: New York

Informant: Mrs. Emma Stark

Place of Burial: Clarendon, VT / Date of Burial: Jan. 15th / Undertaker: Spencer & Cauty, Rutland

 
---------------
johnjstarksdc.jpg (101341 bytes)
Obituary
Betsy Ann Stark
03/09/1910
------------------
Vermont Death Certificate
03/08/1910

Reported March 9, 1910 in the Rutland, Vermont Daily Herald: The Death of Mrs. Betsy Ann Stark occurred yesterday morning at 5:30 o'clock [Died March 8, 1910] at the home of her son, J. J. Stark in Mendon. Mrs. Stark was probably one of the oldest women in the state, being within a few months of 100 years of age. Although not a direct descendant of Gen. John Stark of the battle of Bennington, she was related to him by marriage. Mrs. Stark's husband's father was a brother of Gen. Stark. [Genetically, assuming Isaac Stark was Mrs. Stark's husband, the descendant of J. J. Stark, #171830, cannot be a descendant of Gen. John Stark.]

Betsy Ann Stark was born in Granville, N. Y., on April 5, 1811, and her maiden name was Betsy Ann Winchell. She had one brother, Jaxon Winchell, who died many years ago. At the age of 14 years, Miss Winchell was married to Mr. Stark who was a prosperous farmer of that locality. To them was born six children, five boys and a girl and of these only one is surviving, J. J. Stark, with whom she made her home. Her son is a veteran of the Civil War. [Milo Stark has been reported to have died March 20, 1918 in Fort Ann, N. Y. This suggests Milo could not have been a son of this Betsy Ann Stark if J. J. Stark was her only surviving child in 1910.]

Mrs. Stark, up to a month ago retained her faculties remarkable well. Her sight was good and during the past winter she ?plesed? seven bed quilts without the use of glasses. Her memory was also very clear and she frequently used to tell of the village of Whitehall, N. Y., when it had but a few houses. Mr. Stark has been dead for 36 years [Isaac died in 1874].

The funeral will be held at the house tomorrow morning at 8 o'clock and the remains will be taken to Comstock, N. Y. for burial.

------------------------------------

Certificate of Death: State of Vermont:

County: Rutland / City: Mendon / Full Name of Deceased: Betsy Ann Stark

Personal & Statistical Particulars

Sex: Female / Color or Race; White / Widowed

Date of Birth: April 5, 1911 / Age: 99 years

Occupation: Housewife / Place of Birth: Manville, New York / Name of Husband: Isaac Stark

Name of Father: ---- / Birth Place of Father: Manville, New York

Maiden Name of Mother: ------ / Birth Place of Mother: ------

Informant: John Stark

Place of Burial: Comstock, New York / Date of Burial: March 11, 1910 / Undertaker: Spencer

 


--------------
John J. Stark married Emma F. Brown
1906 

The 1840 census reports a Isaac Stark living in Granville, Washington County, NY with a male in the home born between 1825 and 1830. Milo Starks has been reported as born October 14, 1829. Living one dwelling away in 1840 was Reuben Van Gilder, with two females in the 15 and under 20 age group, born between 1820 and 1825. When John J. Stark married his second wife, Emma F. Brown in 1906, he reported the name of his Mother was Elisabeth Gilder. Several other genealogical files report Isaac Starks married Betsey Ann Winchell. In the 1830 census for Granville, I found a number of persons with the surname Winchell living next to Reuben Van Gilder.[5d] In 1830, Reuben reported having daughters in the 5 thru 9; 10 thru 14, and 15 thru 19 age groups.

[Source: Marriages Registered in the Town of Whitman in the year 1906. Contributor: Virginia McGann (Copy of Original in her files)]

None 
Obituary
Henry Freeman Stark
05/28/1904
----------------
New York Death Certificate
05/16/1904

Reported May 28, 1904 in the Morning Star (?Washington County News Paper?):

Henry Stark(s)

Henry Starks died at his home in Fort Ann, Monday Morning at 7 o'clock, aged fifty-seven years. He is survived by his Mother, Mrs. Betsey Starks, and one brother, Rollin Starks. The funeral will be held this morning. [Who is Rollin Starks?]

-----------------------------------------

A Verified Transcript from the Register of Deaths

Date of Death: May 16, 1904 / Registered No.: 844 /  Place of Death: Fort Ann, New York  / Name of Deceased: Henry F. Stark

Age: 57 years / Sex: Male / Color or Race: White / Married / Name of Wife: -------

Date of Birth: ------------- / Birth Place: Hartford, N. Y. / How Long Resident Here: 36 years / Occupation: Laborer

Father's Name: Isaac Stark / Mother's Maiden Name: Betsey Ann Stark / Place of Burial: Clarendon, VT

Fort Ann, Washington Co. New York
1900 Census

Betsey A. Starkes reported as the Mother of Henry Starkes, head of the house, in the 1900 Fort Ann, Washington County, New York census.[4] Betsey's birth was reported to be in April of 1823, her age was 77, and she was a widow. Reported Betsey Ann Starke had one child and one child living. Henry's birth was reported to be in October of 1847 and his age was given as 52. The 1847 Fort Ann Birth notices report Henry Stark was born September 9, 1847 to Isaac Stark and Elisabeth Stark. Listed in the next family was Rollin Stark, born in October of 1861, reported in Henry's 1904 obituary to be a brother of Henry.

[Source Citation: Year: 1900; Census Place: Fort AnnWashingtonNew York; Roll: T623_1172; Page: 10A; Enumeration District: 120.]


 

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