Group 2: Genetic Results Analysis,
Genetic-Genealogy Analysis, Ancestral Genealogy, & Detailed
of Archibald & James Stark, & Dr. Richard Starke
Report 3: William Stark of Dullutur Genealogical Research
The Genetic Genealogy Report
presented the lineage from William Stark of Dullutur to
Archibald Stark of New Hampshire as reported in the publication;
"The Family of General John Stark of New Hampshire, by Jane
Elizabeth Stark Maney. Because members of Group 2
have been proven to be genetically related this
publication provides the basis for the argument that all of the
members of Group 2 are descendants of William of Dullutur. This
discussion will provide source data and analysis provided by the
Maney publication and that of Harris and Jorgensen 
as probable proof of the lineage from William to Archibald.
Stark of Dullutur
Maney publication reports:
Stark (John2, John1
was born abt. 1520, and died abt. 1571. He married A. Fleming
1539. The wife of William Stark of Dullutur, so called, was of
the peerage. The Fleming family lived near Kilsyth. They had
four children. The
Stark Family was closely associated with the Fleming family as
well as other influential families of that area of Scotland. The
Starks never married into Royalty, as indicated by their
coat-of-arms. They probably were however, members of the
"Landed Gentry." Dullutur
is located near the village of Cumbernauld, also clse to the
forest of Muirhead, (1 to 1 1/2 miles). William
Stark of Dullutur was probably the son of the eldest son of John
Muirhead/Stark, the man who saved the life of King James IV. The
name of this eldest son has not been found in the records. John
Muirhead/Stark, our direct ancestor, probably continued to live
in the area of the Cumbernauld Forest. Gazeteers
state that Auchenstarry was a village located near Cumbernauld
on the Forth and Clyde Canal, both hamlets very close to
Stark of Dullutur married a daughter of the prominent Fleming
and was probably given a life estate during her lifetime. This
estate would have been returned to her estate upon his death. In
1598 there is recorded a letter of reversion to the Fleming
family, given by John Stark, heir of William of Dullutur."
four children were: William Stark of Auchenstarry (the heir);
John Stark of Auchenvole; Margaret Stark who married James
Rankene; and Robert Stark writer of Edinburgh.
H & J publication referenced three sources that most likely
connect William Stark of Dullutur to the Fleming family and a
son named John Stark.
of the Privey Council of Scotland
Complaint of Johnne Levingstoun of Doypace younger that by
letters under his Majesty's signet he had been "constitute
his Majesteis chalmerlane, factor and bailie of the lands of
Enzie, Ouchtirmany, Thankertoun and Biggar" with some
exceptions "and likewise keeper of the place and fortilice
of Cummernauld" which formerly "pertinet to umquhile
(late) Johnne, sometime Lord Fleming: but had come back into his
Majesty's lands "through the process of orderly forfeiture
led against the said Lord "yet" Fleming of Biggar,
Stark of Dullutur and other keepers of the said place and
fortilice, will not render and deliver the same to the said
Johnne Levingstoun." There had been summons to Fleming and
to render the same within 24 hours or appear before the Council
and show cause to the contrary, and now "the said Johnne
Levingstoun of Donypace compeirand personally and the said
Stark not comperand letters are ordered to put them to
Scots Peerage by Sir James Belfour Paul, Vol. VIII, 1911
Fleming of Bord had on Jan. 3, 1502/03 a charter from John, Lord
Fleming of the lands of Nether Auchenreoch in the barony of
Auchtermony in Excambion for those of Mezean in the barony of
Olivercastle. James Fleming of Bord, (great-great-grandson of
William Fleming of Bord) had a precept of clare constat from
Barbara, Lady Fleming, of the lands of Nether Auchenreoch Apr.
2, 1571. John Fleming of Bord gave sasaine on Oct. 12, 1574 to
John Fleming of Ballach and had a letter of reversion from
Stark son of William Stark of the lands of Nether
Auchenreoch on Nov. 3, 1576 and agina on Jan. 10, 1758/79. Agnes
of Bord had a service Oct. 27, 1597 as daughter and heir of the
deceased John Fleming of Bord, and a precept of clare constat
from John, Lord Fleming, of the lands of Bord, Croy and others
on Jan. 30, 1597/98, and with consent of John Lindsay, younger
of Covington, her apparent husband resigned the said lands of
Bord to John, Lord Fleming, on Feb. 1, 1597/98."
Protocols Vol. XI, No. 3387, Apr. 1598
Fleming only daughter and heir of John Fleming of Bord and John
Lindsay, Junior, of Covington, her future spouse, and George
Houston of Park, John Stark of Auchenvole and Robert Fleming in
Ballach, her curators. Produced a precept whereby John lord
Fleming baron of the barony of Lenzie charged Thomas Somervell
in Over Croy as bailie to give to the said Agnes as heir of her
father sasine of the lands of Bord lying in the lordship and
barony of Lenzie and shir of Dumbarton. Also of all and sundry
lands of Nather Auchenreoch in the parish of Campsie and Shire
of Stirling. Precept subscribed and sealed by Lord Fleming at
his castle of Cumbernauld Jan. 30, 1597/98.
Elizabeth Stark Maney, The Family of General John Stark
(1728-1822) of New Hampshire,
published by Higginson Book
148 Washington Street, Post Office Box
778; Salem, Massachusetts 01970. Web Site: http://www.higginsonbooks.com/
Kathyrn Harris & Mary Iva Jean Jorgensen,
Stark of Stafford County Virginia and his Descendants; self
published 1985; Chapter 1 of Volume 1. Available from the New
England Historic Genealogical Society, 101 Newbury Street,
Boston, Massachusetts; Daughters of the American Revolution
Library, 1776 D Street NW, Washington, D. C. 20006.
Elizabeth Stark Maney, The Family of General John Stark
(1728-1822) of New Hampshire.
Pages 3 & 4. Source of her
note 3 on page 4: "Glasgow Protocals" Vol. XI, No.
3387, April 1598.
& Jorgensen, Volume 1, Chapter 1, pages 8 & 9.
& J. provided several notes to the above that may clarify
the meaning of the above entries.
...William Stark of Dullutur had adult children by 1571 as shown
by the marriage of his daughter Margaret in 1571/72 and the
letter of reversion of his son John Stark in 1571."
...A reversion was a reverting of the land to the feoffor or his
heirs after the expiration of an estate for life or for years.
The letter of reversion was from John Stark son of William
Stark. The lands of Nether Auchenreoch, which in 1502-03 were in
the hands of this branch of the Fleming family, were in the
hands of the Stark family later in the 1500's. orlbably William
Stark of Dullutur possessed the lands. The most likely way that
he received the life estate in these lands or years in
possession of these lands was through marriage. William Stark of
Dullutur probably married a daughter of one of these Fleming
families and was given a life estate in the lands of Nether
Auchenreoch during her lifetime or during both their lifetimes.
William Stark of Dullutur was probably dead, and his wife also
in 1578, and thier son John Stark gave the letter of reversion
to the Fleming family. Despite the fact that a sasine to John
fleming of Bord is mentioned here, the Glasgow Protocols prove
these lands descended to Agnes Fleming, daughter of John Fleming
of Bord, who married John Lindsay of Covington."
...This evidence indicates that William Stark of Dullutur was
the same man as the William Stark, father of the John Stark who
gave the letter of reversion for the lands of Nether Auchenreoch
in 1576 and 1578. Further this John Stark was undoubtedly the
same person as John Stark of Auchenvole as John Stark of
Auchenvole appears in the 1598 record regarding the same land.
John Stark of Auchevole married into the Fleming family also but
a different branch of the Fleming family from the Flemings
Research of H & J combined with the research of Maney
clearly provides documentation there was a William Stark of
Dullutur who married a Fleming and had a son named John Stark of
Auchevole. Did William of Dullutur have a son William Stark, Jr.
Stark, Jr. of Auchenstarry
Maney publication reports:
Stark4 Jr. (William3 Stark, John2, John1 Muirhead/Stark) was
born abt. 1542. He married Margaret Hamiltoune abt.
legal papers a 'charter subscribed and sealed at Boghall,
February 28, 1581/82,' William Stark is one of the
witnesses and is listed as, "William Stark, son and heir of
William Stark of Dullutur."
H & J publication confirms the Maney publication in Volume
1, Chapter 1, page 11
Protocols, Vol. VIII, No. 2382. Mar. 1, 1581/82.
whereby John Fleming of Boghall Granted to the said John Lord
Fleming.....Charter subscribed and sealed at Boghall Feb., 28,
1581/82 in presence of Archibald Hammiltoun, burgess of the
burgh of Rewtherglen; William Stark, Junior, of Auchenstarry;
....Wit: William Stark, son and heir of William Stark of
documented reference suggests William Stark of Dullutur had a
son named William Stark, Junior of Auchenstarry who was his heir.
William Stark, Junior of Auchenstarry had two sons, William
Stark of Auchenstarry, and John Stark of Killermont.
Stark of Killermont
Maney publication reports: "John
William3 Stark, John2, John1 Muirhead/Stark),
b. Abt. 1575; d. Dec. 1632; m. Margaret Cunningham."
note 6: Source was 'The Stark Family' by Howard Parker Moore.] The
H & J publication reports William Stark of Auchenstarry (son
of William, Jr. of Auchenstarry) and his brother, John Stark,
were mentioned in the Index to Dumbarton Shire Sasine
1, 1618. Margaret Cunningham spouse of John Stark brother of
William Stark of Auchenstarry. Bk 1, p. 58,59." This
record confirms John Stark married Margagret Cunningham and was
the brother of William Stark of Auchenstarry, the heir and son
of William Stark, Jr. of Auchenstarry.
This John Stark purchased Killermont from John Cunningham in 1628 as reported in the H
& J publication:
Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgow Gentry, 1878
In 1628 John Cunningham sold Killermont to John Stark for 12,000
merks. It remained in the family of John Stark for some time.
John Stark "the younger of Killermont" was among those
who held conventicles and refused to conform to the Episcopal
form of church government in 1685. Killermont estate had already
been sold a year or two earlier to James Hunter of Muirhouse."
was this John Stark who married Margaret Cunningham the same
person who purchased Killermont? The following would seem to
confirm the identity of the John Stark who purchased Killermont.
Comissariot Records of Glasgow, Vol. 24
Testament Dative and inventory of Umquhile (Late) John Stark of
Killermont who died Mar. 1632. Margaret Cunningham his relicet
and behalf of William Stark lawful son. Inventory of 126 pounds
13 shillings 4 pence. Debts were 127 pounds 6 shillings 8 pence.
Debts exceed goods. Confirmed Nov. 1634 at Glasgow."
the above sources we can conclude John Stark of Killermont who
married Margaret Cunningham was the son of William Stark, Jr. of
Stark the younger of Killermont
Maney publication reports: "John6
Stark (John5, William4,
William3 Stark, John2, John1
Muirhead/Stark) was born 1624 in, Linzie Parish? Scotland, and
died 1683. He married Margaret Naper abt. 1655. She died 1672.
He was called, 'John Stark, the younger.'"
Maney publication on page 13 has these remarks: "This John
Stark was the grandfather of Archibald Stark. He was first
married to Margaret Naper or Napier, by whom he had two
children, John Stark and William Stark. John was called 'the
second lawful son.' Margaret Naper Stark died 1672-75." On
page 13: "Following the death of his wife, Margaret
Naper Stark, John Stark had a son called 'natural son.'
[Illegitimate] His name was also John Stark, a practice not
uncommon at that time. Provisions were made for his welfare. On
July 26, 1675, John Stark married Isobel Weir. This marriage
took place in Edinburgh. Isobel was a widow, formerly married to
George Johnstone of Lockerbie, Dimfries-shire. By this second
marriage to Isobel Weir, John Stark had at least four daughters,
the fourth of who was Margaret." This
differs from the research of H & J. On page 15 of their
publication they report John Stark of Killermont, the younger,
married Margaret Naper and had a son named John Stark of
Killermont born in the 1640's who married Isabell Weir in 1674
Maney publication reported the following items from the
Index of Dumbarton Shire Sasine Records.
3, 1637 John Stark son of John Stark of Killermont. [Bk. 3, pg
15, 1655 Margaret Naper spouse of John Stark of Killermont. [Bk.
3, pg 152]
23, 1676. John Stark, son of John Stark of Killermont. [Bk. 1,
pg 178, 180]
15, 1681, John Stark (illegitimate) son of John Stark of
Killermont, "Inquisitones Generales." [Bk. 1, pg 355]
20, 1652, John Stark heir of John Stark of Killermont, his
father. [XXI, pg 59]
Maney publication clearly identifies John Stark the younger of
Killermont as the the son of John Stark of Killermont who
married Margaret Cunningham. The first John Stark of Killermont
was deceased by 1632 and the August 3, 1637 record clearly
reports his son John Stark. However, note he is referred to as
John Stark of Killermont in the June 15, 1655 record. This would
have been after the death of his brother, William Stark of
Killermont heir of the first John Stark of Killermont.
Upon William's death, John Stark the younger inherited Killermont.
Stark III of Killermont
Maney publication reports: "John7
William3 Stark, John2, John1
Muirhead/Stark) was born 1655 in Linzie Parish, Kirkintilloch,
Scotland. He married Jean McCutcheon Oct. 18, 1683 in Bonhill
Parish, Scotland." This
differs from the H & J publication. In Volume I, Chapter 1,
page 15, they reported the following;
Stark of Killermont, The Younger (John5
of Killermont, Wm4 Jr. of Auchenstarry, Wm3
John7 Stark of Killermont born 1640's. Married Isabell Weir 1674
in Edinburgh. Died: Lived Hoddom Parish, Dumfries Shire.
& J reports the son of John Stark, The Younger, married
Isabell Weir. the Maney publication reports the son of John
Stark, the younger, married Jean McCutcheon. Can this be
quoted from the Maney publication in the above section about
John Stark, the younger, of Killermont, Isobel Weir was a widow
when she married John the younger and most likely was not the
wife of John Stark III of Killermont. They probably lived in
Hoddom Parish after John the younger sold Killermont in 1683.
Clearly, John Stark the younger of Killermont had a son named
John as recorded above: "Dec. 1676. John Stark, son of John
Stark of Killermont." If he did not marry Isabell Weir,
then it is quite possible he did marry Jean McCutcheon. While
the Maney publication has good documentation demonstrating
Archibald Stark was a son of John Stark and Jean McCutcheon, the
connection of this John Stark to John Stark, the younger of
Killermont is more difficult to make.
could argue John who married Jean McCutcheon could have been the
illegitimate son, but if he was born after 1672 (after Margaret
Naper died), he would have been too young to have married Jena
McCutcheon in 1683. The document that seems to make a connection
of John and Jean to John the younger would be the follwoing
collected by researcher A. R. Bigwood:
fol. 585: Registered 17 April 1707. Written 4 May 1704. John
Stark, second lawful son to John Stark of Killermont going forth
of the kingdom of Scotland and appointing John Irving of
Whithill as his factor."
had this note on page 25: "The John Irving who was left
in charge of John and Jean Stark's affairs was the third husband
of Isobel Weir Stark, widow of John Stark's father (John the
younger of Killermont), further proof of the close
relationship." This would seem to confirm the identity
of John Stark who married Jean McCutcheon as the son of John
Stark the younger of Killermont. It is a well known fact that
daughters of John and Jean were; Jean (baptized Nov. 20, 1687);
Isabell (baptized Dec. 8, 1689); and Margaret (baptized Nov. 29,
1691). [Source: Maney publication quote from page 24
"Baptisma-OPR Cardoss Dunbartonshire 494. From research of A. R.
names of these daughters would also suggest a connection to John
Stark the younger of Killermont. His mother would have had the
given name Margaret and his step-mother would have been Isabell.
the above, the lineage from William Stark of Dullutur to John
Stark III of Killermont who married Jean McCutcheon would seem
to be documented. There is some weakness in this discussion that
John Stark who married Jena McCutcheon was the son of John Stark
the younger of Killermont, but the circumstantial evidence does
suggest a connection. The Maney publication documents the
connection of Archibald to John and Jean. Therefore, for the
genetic genealogy report, this lineage will be used from William
of Dullutur to #25347 --- a descendant of Archibald Stark that
has been genetically tested and genealogically researched.
Stark of Dullutur
on the Harris & Jorgensen and Maney Publications)
by both Publications
in H. & J. Publication
1570 to > 1618
to < 1673
V (the elder)
VI (the younger)
1575 to 1632/33
to < 1668
1610 to > 1683
by H & J)
by Mrs. Maney)
1615 to 1685-1693
1640 to ??
to > 1683
1620-1630 to ??
1550's to ??
1586 to bef. 1668
14, 1606 in Edinburgh)
of Early Permanent Stark Settlers in America
pages 17 through 22 of the 1920 Stark Family Association
Yearbook was an article by James R. Clark of Maunie, Illinois
which could be of interest but lacks source documentation.
This is presented to illustrate the theories circulated in 1920,
much of which has been found to be inaccurate. However, there are
several items worthy of further investigation. You will note that there are other early Stark families
mentioned. The following presents the pages as published; with comments at the bottom of each
page made by the transcriber, Clovis LaFleur.
we know each other there?"
us know each other here.
OF THE RELATIONSHIP
THE EARLY PERMANENT
SETTLERS IN AMERICA
herein in the order of the time of their settlement.
the conclusions herein reached have been deduced from
what seems to be reliable records and the "Coat of
Arms" and its Motto
"Fortiorum Fortia Facta,"
common to all, similar heir-looms, etc., etc. we
cannot vouch for their absolute correctness in all
particulars, but we believe them to be substantially
to him whose daring hand profanes
honored heir-looms of his ancestors." – Moir.
Aaron Stark's arrival in
America preceded the dates of the other permanent Stark
settlers by some fifty-seven to eighty years. He was
born in 1608. These dates place him in from
two to three generations earlier than the other Stark
emigrant settlers, which fact precludes any information
or reference in his records concerning the others; and a
like omission concerning him occurs in the records of
others. That they all had a common Scotch ancestor,
however, is not questioned.*
Stark came to Connecticut as early or earlier than 1637,
in which year he enlisted and served as a soldier in the
Pequot Indian War under Capt. John Mason. Nothing
definite as to whence he came or of the year of his
arrival in America is known. It has been conjectured,
however, that he may have been brought to America by
Capt. Mason to whom he may have been bound for a term of
years, a common form of apprenticeship in the years and
John Stark of Virginia, son or grandson of Thomas Stark
and wife Sarah of London, England. He was a merchant of
New Kent, Va., and on Oct. 28, 1684 patented 484 acres
of land on the Matapony River, adjoining a large body of
land belonging to his wife's people who were earlier
settlers there. Her maiden name was Anne Wyatt. John
Stark's father or grandfather as the case may have been,
Thomas Stark, a marine merchant and trader, had
previously invested in land in the vicinity but never
Stark's arrival in Virginia was prior to 1684. His
relationship to the other emigrant Stark settlers is not
now known; but the contiguity of settlement on the part
of Dr. Richard Stark and family a few
Y-DNA evidence has clearly revealed the Descendants of
Aaron Stark are not related to the descendants of the
other Stark Families mentioned in this article. It is
quite possible Aaron's ancestor was not Scottish, but of
English or German Descent.
Questionable? No source information. Needs more research.
later is suggestive of some kinship between them.*
Dr. Richard Stark of Virginia had been a merchant and a
physician of Glasgow, Scotland, and a Surgeon of a
Scotch regiment of soldiers. He was probably a brother
of John (?) Stark who was likewise a merchant of
Glasgow. The Doctor with his wife, Rebecca, and their
five children, William, Mary, Catharine, Richard, Jr.,
and James, and another boy, James Stark**, all born in
or near Glasgow, settled in York Co.. Virginia, about
the year 1700. The Doctor died there about the year
1704. After his death, the name of the additional boy,
James Stark, disappeared from the records of the
Doctor's family, and of the locality. From the various
happenings we conclude that the extra boy, James Stark
in the Doctor's family, was a son of the Doctor's
brother John (?) of Glasgow, who had bound him to the
Doctor for a term of years, for his service, support and
education and especially for the acquirement of a
Doctor's profession under the Doctor's instruction. But
the Doctor's death terminated the contract before its
completion, when the boy at the age of nine or ten years
was returned to his parents in Glasgow where he was
educated along with his brothers in the University of
Interesting but not proven. Y-DNA results suggest the
possibility Richard had a brother, but no evidence has
been found to confirm.
Also interesting for the Y-DNA results suggests the
possibility Richard could have been an Uncle of James
Stark of Stafford Co., VA. or closely related in some
other way. As above, no evidence or source evidence
of John(?) Stark (given name not fully determined) of
Dumbarton and Glasgow, Scotland and later of
|1. Archibald, b.
||6. Daniel, b. 1703
|2. James, b. 1695
||7. Samuel. b. 1705
|3. John, b. 1697
||8. Susanna, b. 1707
|4. Richard, b. 1701
||9. Silas, b. 1709
|5. Louise, b. 1701
Archibald Stark, son of John (?), born Oct. 1693,
married Eleanor Nichols. a Scotch girl living at
Londonderry, Ireland, about 1716. They came to America
in 1720 and settled in N. H. in 1721. Their children
were: Anna, Col. William, Gen. John, Lt. Samuel, Lt.
Archibald Jr., Mary and Jean.
John Stark, son of John (?) born 1697, married Elizabeth
Nichols, sister of Eleanor Nichols-living at
Londonderry, Ireland. They settled in New Hampshire at a
later date than his brother, Archibald. Their children
were Justin, Grace, Phoebe, Tryphena, Willard, Lewis,
Martha and John Jr.
James Stark, son of John (?), born about 1695, married
Elizabeth Thornton of Londonderry, Ireland. She was of
Welsh descent and presumably an elder sister of Mathew
Thornton** who was born in 1714, and whose parents in
1717 settled in
This list of children for John (?) Stark is questionable
and seem to not be supported by the evidence,
especially as they relate to Archibald Stark. It is
quite possible James Stark, b. 1695 could have been the
son of a man named John Stark, although evidence has not
been found at this time. DNA evidence suggests tested descendants of Archibald and James are related. However,
the genetic distance of these descendants suggests the
common ancestor may have lived three to five generations
earlier and Archibald and James most likely were not
Harris & Jorgenson questioned this relationship. They
association was found between the Starks and Thorntons
either in Ireland or in the early years in America.
They questioned whether the name Thornton is correct.
where he grew to manhood, and became Dr. Mathew
Thornton; he settled at Londonderry, New Hampshire,
where he began the practice of medicine, and ultimately
was one of the signers of the Declaration of
Independence from New Hampshire.
Stark and wife after their marriage are said to have
first settled in his native city of Glasgow, Scotland,
where eight children were born to them, when he and his
family removed in 1730 to Stafford Co., Va., where seven
more children were born to them. He is supposed to have
been the additional boy, James Stark*, of the family of
Dr. Richard Stark. Their children were John, James,
Thomas, Jeremiah, William, Mary, Susannah, Elizabeth,
Sarah, Jane, Ann, Benjamin, Donald, Isabel and Lydia.
That Dr. Richard Stark of York Co., Va. was an uncle of
Archibald and John Stark of New Hampshire, and of James
Stark of Stafford Co., Va.**
That the children of each family were first cousins of
the children of the other two families.***
conjectures concerning the relationship of the early
emigrant Stark settlers in America have
See page 19 comment.
Dr. Richard Stark may have been an Uncle of James, but
it is doubtful he was an Uncle of Archibald. They were
more likely to have been distant cousins.
More likely to be true for Richard and James but not
likely for Archibald;
that is, cousins,
but not first cousins.
given the writer at different times by different
persons. Among these suggestions were the following;
That Dr. Richard Stark was the father of Archibald and
John of New Hampshire.
is confuted by the records of Archibald's brothers and
sisters, three of whom were born after Dr. Richard
has also been suggested that the extra boy, James Stark,
in the family of Dr. Richard Stark, was a younger
brother of the Doctor. But the wide difference in their
ages renders that conclusion improbable.*
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