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Group 2 Genetic Analysis
Descendants of Archibald & James Stark, & Dr. Richard Starke
     
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Page 1

 

Report 1: G2 Y-DNA Results Analysis

 

 

Introduction

About 75 to 100 years after the arrival of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] in Connecticut, three men with the surnames Stark and Starke arrived in New Hampshire and Virginia. Their names were Dr. Richard Starke of York Co., Virginia, James Stark of Stafford Co., Virginia, and Archibald Stark of New Hampshire (father of General John Stark of Revolutionary War fame). Earlier genealogical research has not been able to determine if these three men were related. However, independent research of each of these men has suggested the ancestral home of each could have been in or near Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland. Many of the early Stark family researchers had claimed the Aaron Stark family and these three men were somehow related. Y-DNA comparisons of the Modal Haplotype of Group 1a & 1b Members descendants of Aaron Stark to the Modal Haplotype of Group 2a, 2b, & 2c Members; reveal they have a genetic distance of 17 over their respective Modal H37 Haplotypes. The odds greatly favor Members of Group 1 and members of Group 2 could not have shared a common male ancestor within thousands of years, thereby eliminating the possibility Aaron Stark was a near relative of these three later arrivals to America within Genealogical time. 

The usage of surnames did not become common until the 13th and 14th centuries. By the year 1400, surname usage had become common practice. As a general rule of relatedness within Genealogical time, the following will discuss the probability that two individuals shared a common ancestor within 20 generations. A conservative probability of 80% or greater for the purposes of this discussion will be considered sufficient to declare that any two individuals compared; having the surname Stark or one of it's derivatives; most likely have a common ancestor that lived after the year 1400.

This population of individuals have been variously tested over Panel 1 (Markers 1-12), Panel 2 (Markers 13-25), and Panel 3 (Markers 26-37) as will be presented in the Genetic Results Table. One or more participants can have the same haplotype over any combination of these Panels . For the purposes of this discussion, the most common haplotype over a selected group of DYS Markers will be referred to as the G2 Modal Haplotype.

 

Terminology

Before we begin, here are some explanations of common terms used in this summary.

 

Allele Values:  

A DNA sequence that repeats at a certain locus or place. The allele value is the number of times the sequence repeats. (Pronounced uh-LEEL)

DYS Markers:  

(DNA Y-chromosome Segment number): The "name" of a marker on the Y-chromosome. It is assigned based on a nomenclature system controlled by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee, which assigns DYS numbers to newly discovered markers. DYS markers have "allele values" which are observed from DNA samples supplied to a laboratory by the Program Members. In our analysis, there will be 37 total DYS markers discussed. DYS-393 is the first marker followed by DYS-390, etc; until the last marker designated as DYS-438.

Haplotype:  

A haplotype is defined as a collection of two or more DYS markers (DNA Y-chromosome Segment number). Our DYS Markers have been organized into three separate haplotypes identified as numbered "Panels." For example, DYS Markers 1 through 12 would be Panel 1; DYS Markers 13 through 25 would be Panel 2; and DYS Markers 26 through 37 would be Panel 3. The collection of DYS Allele values in each Panel or any combination of these panels represent a haplotype for each of the Members. {Return to Text}

Lineage:  

Each Member has submitted his genealogically researched direct male lineage to Aaron Stark. It is presumed these are accurate and have been properly researched. The lineages of all participants are presented in the Members Genealogical Lineage Table. Use Back Button to return to this text. 

 

 

Analysis of the Y-DNA of Descendants of Archibald, James, and Richard has proven their descendants most likely genetically share an unknown common ancestor within genealogical time. Members of Group 2 have been variously tested over the H12, H25, and H37 haplotypes. Following are Descriptions of Group 2 subgroups.

 

G2a: Descendants of Dr. Richard Starke [1668-1704] of York Co., VA

G2b: Descendants of Archibald Stark of Manchester Co., NH

G2c: Descendants of James Stark [1695-1754] of Stafford Co., VA

G2d: Descendants of James Stark [1695-1754] of Stafford Co., VA / Genealogy Incomplete

G2e: Genetic Matches to Groups 2a, 2b, & 2c with Different Surnames

 

 

 

Page 2

 

G2 Genetic Results Table

The following Genetic Results Table presents the allele values available over 12 to 37 DYS Markers for each of the members results presented. Cells with this background color report DYS Marker allele values equivalent to the G2 Modal Haplotype.  Descendants of Dr. Richard Starke [1664-1704] are presented in G2a; descendants of Archibald Stark [1693-1758] of Hew Hampshire are presented in G2b; and descendants of James Stark [1695-1754] of Stafford County, Virginia are presented in G2c. In the Kit # column for each member, will be the kit3 for that individual. Under his kit# will be the subgroup and "Letter Code ID" for each Member used when discussing genetic comparisons. [For example, Under the kit # for N21529 will be G2a (G2 Subgroup) / A (Letter Code ID) or G2a/A. The Letter Code ID will be used in genetic comparisons. [For example, genetic comparison of Member A to Member B)

For the purpose of this report, a Mutation occurs in a DYS Marker column when an allele value differs from the Modal Haplotype allele value in that column. For example, in Panel 1 (Markers 1 thru 12), all of the allele values in the Marker 1 column are 13 resulting in no observed mutations in this column. However, in the Marker 2 column, the allele value 24 occurs more often than the allele value 23. Therefore, Members B, C, and D having the allele value 23 in the Marker 2 column have their Marker 2 allele values highlighted in yellow; indicating each has a Marker 2 mutation relative to the Modal Haplotype allele value of 24. This method of determining mutations results in a minimum number of mutations for the population tested.

According to FTDNA, those DYS Markers labeled in RED have a higher mutation rate than those Markers not labeled in Red.

To review the lineage of any Member, clicking  on the "Kit#" will take you to a more complete lineage report. If the Allele value in the Marker 37 column is presented with a Red colored font, this member has genetic results beyond 37 markers. Clicking on the Kit# will take you to a presentation of those additional DYS markers.

Haplogroup R-M269 is a shorthand notation for Haplogroup R1b1a2. Red colored font for a member's haplogroup indicates a FTDNA prediction which has not been confirmed.

If the Allele value in the Marker 37 column is presented with a Red colored font, this member has genetic results beyond 37 markers. These results are  presented on the 67 Marker Y-DNA Test Results Web page.

 

Group 2 Y-DNA Results Table

 

Marker #

<====> 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
K
I
T
#
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9

3
8
9
-
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
-
2
4
5
8

4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d

4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6

6
0
7
5
7
6

5
7
0

C
D
Y
a

C
D
Y
b

4
4
2

4
3
8

G2 Modal Haplotype R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

N21529

G2a/A1a

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 35 36 12 12

94630

G2b/B1a

R-M269

13 23 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                  

95073

G2b/B1b

R-M269

13 23 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                  

25347

G2b/B2a

R-M269

13 23 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 19 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 35 36 12 12

74402

G2c/C1a

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

260109

G2c/C1b

R-L21 13 25 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

84342

G2c/C2a

R-L21

13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 17 18 36 36 12 12

171929

G2c/C2b

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

76284

G2c/C2c

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

136832

G2c/C2d

R-L21 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 16 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12
315853
G2c/C2e
R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

76964

G2c/C2f

R-L21

13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                  

115705

G2c/C3a

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 13 15 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 19 18 35 36 12 12
338943
G2c/C4a
R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12
339097
G2c/C4b
R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

115170

G2d/D1a

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

241988

G2d/D2a

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12
245962
G2d/D2b
R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

A-Private

G2d/D2c

R-M269 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 15 --- --- --- --- --- 12 12

175209

G2d/D3a

R-L21 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 12 13 28 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12
N6868
G2e/E1a
R-L21 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 19 36 36 12 12
226545
G2e/E2a
R-DF21 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12
B6603
G2e/E3a
R-DF21 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12

 

  

 

 

Page 3

 

Group 2: Genealogical Lineage Table

The Group 2 Lineage Table shows the direct male line from the Kit Number to the earliest known ancestor for that kit. Reading from right to left, the earliest known Ancestor of each member of Group 2 is shown in the left columns (Gen 9 & Gen 10). Dr. Richard Starke and John Stark III of Killermont are the earliest known ancestors reported in the Gen 10 column. James Stark of Stafford, County, VA is the earliest known ancestor in the Gen 9 column. The common ancestor of all members of Group 2 is not known with certainty. The Group 2 Genetic Genealogy Report suggests William Stark of Dullutur [1520-1575] may have been the common ancestor of all but proof of descent from William needs further genealogical research.

You will note that the participants in Group 2 cover three generations (Gen 0, Gen 1, & Gen 2). The youngest are in Gen 0; the Parent Generation of Gen 0 would be Gen 1; and the grandparent Generation would be Gen 2.

The right most column shows the Panels tested for the member in that row and the number of mismatches in each Panel relevant to Kit #74402 (In Gen 1 of Row E). Click on the Kit # for a more detailed report for each participant and his ancestors. Use your back button to return to this page.

 

Group 2 Genealogical Lineage Table
Gen 10 Gen 9 Gen 8 Gen 7 Gen 6 Gen 5 Gen 4 Gen 3 Gen 2 Gen 1 Gen 0 Gen -1

Panels

Mismatches

ID

Dr. Richard

Starke

1668-1704

William

1692-1755

Richard

1734-1772

Lewis

????-1815

William A.

????-1829

Peter B.

1816-1888

William E.

1877-1950

Father

N21529

N21529 -------- ------ -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

A1a

John Stark III

of Killermont

1655-17??

m.

Jean McCutcheon

(1683)

Archibald

1693-1758

General John

1728-1822

John, Jr.

1763-1844

Gradus B.

1785-1864

Leonard

1818-1898

Leonard S.

1847-1913

Fred C.

1877-1960

Father

94630

94630 ------- -------

P1

(1)

B1a

John C.

1907-1975

Father

95073

95073

-------

P1

(1)

B1b

William S.

1724-1776

Thomas S.

1767-????

Rodney G.

1809-1876

Lewis H.

1841-1898

Frederick L.

1875-1969

Father

25347

25347

------

------

-------

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(1)/(1)

B2a
--------

James Stark

Stafford Co., VA

1695-1754

James

1719-1761

James

1747-1829

James

1778-1853

Hebron R.

1802-1870

Strother J.

1842-1912

Daniel H.

1873-1933

Father

74402

74402 ------ -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

C1a
William
1773-1815
Weeden S.
1799-1870
Gideon
1827-1887
Charles B.
1855-1915
Charles G.
1881-1953
Grandfather Father 260109

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(1)/(0)

C1b

Jeremiah

1722-1825

Thomas

1770-1824

John W.

1810-1870

John B.

1839-1908

Henry C.

1879-1952

Father

84342

84342 --------- ------- -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)(1)

C2a

Dallas A.

1886-1958

Father

171929

171929 --------- ------- -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

C2b

John C.

1748-1814

Alexander

1782-1845

Coleman

1805-abt 1865

Joseph B.

1844-1887

Eugene A.

1870-1928

Father

76284

76284 ------- -------

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(1)/(0)

C2c
John
1811-1870

Henry

1840-1875

George W.

1871-1945

Reuben H.

1896-1966

Father

136832

136832 -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(2)/(0)

C2d
Richard Stark Short 1874-1943 Father
Private
315853 ------- -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

C2e

James

1774-1866

Jeremiah

1810-1878

Seymore

1850-1932

Russell S.

1885-????

Father

76964

76964

--------

------- -------

P1

(0)

C2f

Thomas

1721-1802

Jeremiah

1749-1824

James

1775-1852

Thomas G.

1801-1862

Nehemiah V.

1832-1914

George A.

1866-1926

Albert H.

1891-1956

Father

115705

115705

-------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(2)

C3a
William
1723-1772
John
1761-1824
Thomas M.
1798-1851
William
1841-1911
Wallace
1867-1930
Willie B.
1894-1955
Father
338943
338943 ------- -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0

C4a
Williamson P.
1838-1886
Charles
1880-1936
Father
338097
339097 --------- ------- -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0

C4b
?-------? ?-------? ?-------? ?-------? ?-------? ?-------? ?-------?

Father

115170

115170 -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

D1a
?-------? ?-------? ?-------? Abner
1795-1836
William
1827-1855
Charles T.
1854-1933
Jasper N.
1881-1952
Father
241988
241988 -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

D2a
Franklin E.
1893-1951
Father
245962
245962 -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

D2b
Thomas H.
1829-1863
Private Private Father
A-Private
A-Private -------

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)(1)

D2c
?-------? ?-------? ?-------?

Thomas J.

1815-1870

John P.

1843-1877

William P.

1868-1957

George W.

1915-1987

Father

175209

175209 -------

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(1)/(0)

D3a

 

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Disclaimer

The webmaster is yours truly, Clovis LaFleur.  I am a volunteer and receive no financial remuneration of any kind from Family Tree DNA, nor am I one of their "web affiliates" (i.e., I don't profit from "click through's").  I'm retired and genealogy is my hobby and is not my business. As webmaster I am not responsible for the genealogy material provided by members nor am I responsible for the Test Results publicly reported by FTDNA. The analysis of results prepared and presented by me on these web pages are based on my interpretation of the Y-DNA results published and the genealogy provided by the project members. Discussion of my analysis with members and others will always be welcome.