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Group 1 Analysis
Descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]
     
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Page 1

 

Report 1: Genetic - Genealogy Report
Descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]
New London County, Connecticut


Abstract

Reported here are the findings genetic test results for the Stark Family Y-DNA Surname Project relevant to the descendants of Aaron Stark (1608-1685) of Connecticut. These Genetic results have resolved a number of genealogical issues. For example: 1) Providing genetic proof descendants of Jonathan Stark & Sarah Lacock are descendants of Aaron Stark; 2) Proving several lineages previously believed to be descendants of General John Stark of Revolutionary War fame, were actually descendants of Aaron Stark; and 3) providing genetic proof Aaron Stark was not a descendant of John Muirhead (alias John Stark) who, in 1488, saved King James IV of Scotland from the charge of a bull.

A methodology that may be unique to this family group — discovered within the genetic data and genealogical research — will be employed in future genetic comparisons of males with the surname Stark (or one of it’s Variants). The methodology to be described involves the use of genetic comparison parameters; these parameters suggesting a male with the surname Stark (or one of it’s variants) could share Aaron Stark as a common ancestor with others descending from this progenitor. These parameters will be useful to Stark Family Project Administrators and new Project participants who have not been able to make reliable genealogical connections to an earlier ancestor or to Aaron
Stark. As other family groups grow in size, the Project Administrators will look for similar or different methodologies to assist in identifying participants sharing a common ancestor within genealogical time. This publication will examine the genealogy and Y Chromosome results of Aaron Stark’s descendants.
 

A History of the Stark Surname Over Genealogical Time

In Scotland, the family name is an old one. In the words of Sir George Mackenzie (1636-1691), a legend, then nearly 200 years old, proclaimed one origin of the name in Scotland.

 

"Stark, beareth azur, a chevron, argent, between three acorns in chief, or, and bull's head erased of ye 2nd base. Those of ye name are descended on one John Muirhead, 2nd son of ye Lord of Lachop, who at hunting in ye forest of Cumbernauld, one day seeing King James ye IV in hazard of his life by a bull hotly pursued by ye hounds stept in between ye King and ye bull, and gripping ye bull by ye horns and by his great strength almost tore ye head from it for which he was called Stark and his posteritie after him and bears ye rugged bull's head in their arms. Ye old sword of ye family has on it "Stark, alias Muirhead."

 

The origins of the Stark surname in North America began with the arrival of Aaron Stark in New England between 1630 and 1637 — his ancestral home in Europe not known with certainty. He was born about 1608 and died in 1685 in New London County, Connecticut. His service in the Pequot War under Captain John Mason in May of 1637, is the first record we have of him in Connecticut. He eventually settled in New London County, Connecticut in a region that later became Groton Township. Aaron Stark had three sons named Aaron Stark (Junior), John Stark, and William Stark (Senior). John Stark had no sons to whom he could have passed his surname and Y Chromosome. William Stark (Senior) and Aaron Stark (Junior) have numerous male descendants; many living today who carry the surname Stark.

About 75 to 100 years after the arrival of Aaron Stark in Connecticut, three men with the surnames Stark and Starke arrived in New Hampshire and Virginia. Their names were Dr. Richard Starke of Virginia, James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia, and Archibald Stark of New Hampshire (the father of General John Stark of Revolutionary War fame). The genealogical research had not been able to determine if these three men were related. However, independent research of each has suggested their ancestral home could have been in or near Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland.

As Stark pioneers began to move westward, descendants of the progenitors of these four early arrivals in North America became mixed in the records as they settled in the same regions. In some instances, some of the descendants of Aaron Stark began to spell their name "Starks." This occurred most often in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Northeastern New York where the descendants of Archibald lived. Some spelled the name Starke and were descendants of Dr. Richard Starke. About 1732, descendants of William Stark (Senior) — son of Aaron Stark — moved to New Jersey and later migrated into Virginia, western Pennsylvania, and later into Kentucky and Indiana. At about the same time, descendants of James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia moved into these same regions. As occurred in the Northeast, these families also became mixed in the records.

In 1896, the Stark Family Association was created for the purpose of collecting and preserving the genealogy of the early arrivals to North America. From 1903 to 1952, an annual yearbook was published by the Association on the activities and research of it's many members located throughout the United States and Canada. In 1927, Charles R. Stark compiled a genealogy based on the Association's research entitled; "The Aaron Stark Family, Seven Generations of the Family of Aaron Stark of Groton, Connecticut." This publication recorded 2,171 descendants of Aaron. Today, the number of known descendants recorded has grown to approximately 15,000. In 2002, an excellent genealogy of the family of General John Stark entitled "The Family of General John Stark (1728-1822)," was published by Jane Stark Maney, which has a large compilation of the descendants of Archibald Stark. Another publication entitled "James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia and His Descendants" was compiled by Mary Kathryn Harris and Mary Iva Jean Jorgensen.

Although there is a wealth of genealogical research available on these families, we do not as yet know with certainty, the location of Aaron Stark’s ancestral home. While the Genealogy suggests Dr. Richard Starke, James Stark, and Archibald Stark have their origins in Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland, documentation has not been found which positively records they were specific generational relatives sharing a common male ancestor with the surname Stark or Starke. Further more, many Aaron Stark family researchers believed they were related to General John Stark; or that Aaron was related to the New Hampshire families in Scotland.

 


Page 2

 

Introduction to Y Chromosome Testing

As genealogist, we have been primarily tracing our ancestors by following the family surname "paper trails." [Our documented paternal lines.] In order to do the same genetically, we must follow the Y chromosome trail of two living males to a male ancestor they have in common, that is, a male ancestor with the same surname. Living males with the same surnames can be genetically tested and their respective Y chromosomes compared to determine if they share a common ancestor who lived after the usage of surnames became common in Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries (referred to as genealogical time).

Sex is determined by two sex chromosomes referred to as X and Y. A female has two X-chromosomes (XX); while a male has one X and one Y chromosome (XY). Females receive an X Chromosome from each parent which then recombine. Because Y doesn't recombine with other chromosomes, it's unusually good for tracing how men have traveled and settled around the world. The Y chromosome transfer from Father to son is relatively unchanged from generation to generation. If, for example, their Y Chromosomes were compared, the probability will be very high they are a perfect Y Chromosome match. If this son passes his Y-DNA to his son — this grandson's comparison to his grandfather will result in a perfect genetic match. In an ideal world, this would continue through generation after generation. However, genetically, we do not live in an ideal world — for random mutations over many generations can and do occur.

All people living today have a genetic past that traces back to Africa. Over thousands of years, different groups have traveled and settled around the world. Each group has its own path and history recorded in DNA. Part of that record is found on the Y chromosome. Population geneticists study changes in the genetic code called Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs). They happen at a rate of approximately one mutation every few hundred generations. Once discovered, SNPs are placed on the Y chromosome Consortium’s (YCC) phylogenic tree. This tree can then be used to explore our own shared past and place our — or a representative relative’s — Y chromosome in the context of ancient historic migrations.

Haplogroups are major branches on the Y chromosome tree. ["Haplo" comes from the Greek word for "single". ] All Haplogroups ultimately descend from a single Y chromosome SNP mutation that was carried by a male that lived in the distant past. As this Y chromosome was passed from father to son, mutations accumulated along different lineages giving rise to a tree-like branching pattern. Geneticists can reconstruct this Y chromosome tree by discovering and typing mutations in different male human populations. Haplogroups are assigned letters of the alphabet, and refinements consist of additional number and letter combinations. For example, a common Haplogroup among Stark Project Members is R1b1. "R" is the “ROOT” Haplogroup and "1b1" are additional number and letter combinations within the root Haplogroup "R" that define Subclades or genetic branches of “R.”

 However, the Y chromosome has another type of ancestral marker — Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) — that trace recent ancestry; mostly within genealogical time; or after surname usage was established in Europe.[1] By counting the short tandem repeats on a segment of a selected Y chromosome Marker, these repeats, defined as Allele values, can then be used in comparisons of any two males to determine relatedness.[3] Each DYS marker used in a comparison has a defined label known as a DYS Marker number (DNA Y chromosome Segment).[2] A Haplotype is defined as a collection of two or more DYS markers.[4] Later, an example of a 37 Marker Haplotype will be presented. In the discussion that follows, participants in the project who descend from Aaron Stark [1608-1685] will be compared to other males in the Stark Family Y-DNA Project to determine the statistical probability they could share a common ancestor within genealogical time.

__________

1)

Short Tandem Repeats (STR): A genetic marker consisting of multiple copies of an identical DNA sequence arranged in direct succession
in a particular region of a chromosome.
2) DYS Marker Label: Also known as a genetic marker, a segment of DNA with an identifiable physical location on a chromosome whose
inheritance can be followed. Marker in this instance, is a number assigned to each of the DYS markers to be discussed in our analysis.
Each DYS Label (presented later according to international conventions) has been assigned a marker number (1 thru 67).
3) Allele Value: One of the variant forms of a gene at a particular locus, or location, on a chromosome. Different alleles produce variation (or
mutations) in inherited characteristics. For STR markers, each allele value is the number of repeats of the short base sequence.
4) Haplotype: A Haplotype is defined as two or more DYS Markers. All Members of the population to be discussed have been variously tested over 12, 25, 37, or 67 Marker Haplotypes.


 

Page 3

 

Defining the Ancestral Haplotype of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]

The genealogical research suggests Aaron Stark I [1608-1685] was the common ancestor of all of the Group 1 Members. Using the genetic data, the triangulation method devised by Charles F. Kerchner, Jr. will be employed to define the Ancestral Haplotype of Aaron Stark I. (See Charles F. Kerchner, Jr.'s article entitled "Triangulation Method for Deducing the Ancestral Haplotype in Y-DNA Surname Projects.")

 

A typical line of descent chart looks like a triangle, with the ancestor at the apex, as illustrated below.

 

Aaron Stark [1608-1685]

                                       |                                      

/   

Aaron Stark, Junior

                |                  

   \

William Stark, Senior

                 |                  

/

Aaron Stark, III

\

Abiel Stark

/

William Stark, Jr.

\

Christopher Stark, Sr.

 

 

For example, Aaron Stark [1608-1685] had two sons. If we create a descendant chart, the shape would be similar to a triangle. The analyzer, by looking from the bottom generation of the chart towards the ancestor --- from different descendant locations on the descendant chart --- is triangulating towards the target, the common ancestor, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]. Kerchner defines this technique as triangulation.

The triangulation rules are quite simple and can be stated as follows:

 

1.

If two genetically compared males having the same surname are direct line descendants of two known and different sons of a father --- and --- they both have the same allele value at a specific DYS marker, then by deduction, we presume the father of the two sons had the same allele value at that DYS marker.

2.

If two genetically compared males having the same Surname are direct line descendants of two known and different sons of a father --- and --- they both have the same allele value at a specific DYS marker, then by deduction, we presume all individuals in their respective descendant branches from the Father have the same allele value at that DYS Marker.

3.

If two genetically compared males having the same surname are direct line descendants of two known and different sons of a father --- and --- neither has the same value at a specific DYS marker, then the allele value of the father cannot be determined; nor can the allele value of individuals in the respective descendant branches be determined; the exception in each branch being the known allele value of the genetically compared Males.

 

The Genetic Results Table indicates Member 76234 (A1a) has the most common allele values at all 37 of the H37 markers. Member A is a descendant of William Stark (Senior) [1664-1734]. Member 98140 (B1a) also has the most common allele values at all of the H37 markers. Member (B1a) is a descendant of Aaron Stark II [1654-1701]. William and Aaron II are two known and different sons of Aaron Stark I [1608-1685]. When Members (A1a) and (B1a) are compared to each other, they are a perfect match over all 37 markers. Therefore, according to Rule 1, by deduction, we must presume the father of these sons, Aaron Stark I [1608-1685], had the same allele values at all 37 DYS markers. For the purposes of this analysis, this H37 Haplotype has been assigned to be the Ancestral Haplotype of Aaron Stark I [1608-1685].

 

 


Page 4

 

  SNPs Tested  Comments
 

M207+ / M173+ / M343+ / P25+

Positive SNP test results prove he is R1b1.

 

M18- / M73-

Negative results for M18 and M73 prove they are not R1b1c1 or R1b1a1.

 

M269+ / U106+

Positive result for M269 proves they are R1b1a2*, and the positive result for U106 proves they are R1b1a2a1a1a*. [The asterisk means these are root Haplogroups.]

 

U198- / P107- / L1- / L48- / L6- / P89.2- / L217-
L257 - / L325 -

Negative results for these SNPs prove they are not one of the known subclades of R1b1a2a1a1a*, but belong to the root/ancestral Haplogroup.

 

M37- / M65- / M126- / M153- / M160- / M222-
P66- / SRY2627- / U152-

Negative results for these SNPS redundantly prove they are not any subclade of R1b1a2a1a1b*.

Haplogroup; Descendants of Aaron Stark

The descendants of Aaron Stark have been predicted by FamilyTree DNA (FTDNA) to be in Haplogroup R1b1a2 (Shorthand notation is R-M269). The shorthand notation, R-M269, originates from the laboratory that discovered the SNP mutation designated as M269. Two descendants of Aaron Stark (Kits #N17289 & #48711) have undergone deep SNP testing by FTDNA and con-firmed to be members of Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1a* (shorthand notation is R-U106). This Table reveals the SNPs tested and the results of those test.

The R-U106 Haplogroup has been found to be present in over 25% of those found to be R1b Haplogroup positive. In Europe, R-U106 has a distribution running northwest to east and is found in higher concentrations in England (21.4%) and Scandinavia (Denmark 17.7%), reaches a maximum in the Netherlands (37.2%) and slopes down to the east through Germany (20.5%) and the Alps (Switzerland 13.3%, Austria 22.7) towards the Czech Republic (13.9%) and Ukraine (9.4%). This confirmed Haplogroup for #N17289 and #48711 predicts all of the direct line descendants of Aaron Stark are most likely positive for the U106 SNP mutation.

#N17289 has had additional SNP test confirming he belongs to a Subclade of the root Haplogroup R-U106. For the purposes of this discussion, the Project predicts all members confirmed to be descendants of Aaron Stark are R-U106 positive, but await additional confirmation they ALL could be positive for a Subclade of R-U106.

 

Group 1 Genetic Results Table Introduction

The Genetic Results Table for Group 1 presents the allele values available over 37 DYS Markers for each of the members. Those in Column 1 having ID Codes beginning with (A) and this background color are descendants of William Stark [1664-1730] and are Members of Group 1a; while cells in Column 1 having ID Codes Beginning with (B) and this background color are descendants of Aaron Stark II [1654-1701] and are Members of Group 1b. These Columns reveal from which of the two sons of Aaron Stark I each member descends according to the genealogical research. The ID Codes are presented under the members Kit # and will be used when discussing genetic comparisons. [Comparison of (A1a)/(B1a), for example.]

For the purpose of this report, a Mutation occurs at a DYS Marker column when a Members allele value differs from the Modal Haplotype  allele value in that column. For example, in Groups 1a/1b, Panel 1 Markers 1 thru 12, all of the allele values in the Marker 2 (DYS-390) column are 24 resulting in no observed mutations in this column. However, in the Marker 1 (DYS-393) column, the allele value 13 occurs more often than the allele value 12. Therefore, Members A1l, B2b, and B2c having the allele value 12 in the Marker 1 column have their Marker 1 allele values highlighted in yellow; indicating each has a DYS-393 mutation relative to the more common allele value of 13. This method of determining mutations results in a minimum number of mutations for the population tested. The Aaron Stark Modal Haplotype (ASMH) is presented in Row 2 and is defined as the 37 marker ASMH Modal Haplotype. The R-U106 Mode Haplotype (R-U106MH) is presented in Row 1. Cells in this Row with a Green Background at Markers 4, 5, 13, 19, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, & 36; highlight the differences between ASMH  and the R-U106MH. These markers are classified as the collection of Aaron Stark Family Signature Markers that are unique to these members of Group 1.

Using genealogical and genetic data, the deductive triangulation method devised by Charles F. Kerchner, Jr. was employed to define the Ancestral Haplotype of Aaron Stark I. The Ancestral Haplotype, presented in Row 3,  and the Modal Haplotype, have a perfect 37/37 match ratio. Cells with this background color and this background color have allele values equal to ASMH at that marker. However, those rows with the gray background will have one or more mutations relative to ASMH; this representing a new Haplotype that has evolved in the Members Lineage. Members Y-DNA Results are ROW organized in the same order they are presented in the Group 1 Lineage Table; presented after the Results Table. The Lineage Table presents a summary lineage for each Member of Groups 1a & 1b. Clicking  on the "Kit#" in the Results or Lineage Tables will take you to a more detailed lineage presentation for that Member; presented in the G1 Lineage Web Page.

Groups 1c & 1d are presented in the following Y-DNA Results Table but will not be included in the analysis that follows nor in the G1 Genealogical Lineage Table. Although members of Group 1c will have genetic matches to members of Groups 1a & 1b, the lack of Genealogical lineage information prevents using their Y-DNA results in the following analysis. Although Members of Group 1d have genealogy suggesting they should share Aaron Stark [1608-1685] as a common ancestor, when their Y-DNA results are compared to Members of Groups 1a & 1b, the comparisons clearly reveal they could not share a common ancestor with these members within Genealogical time (after the calendar year 1400). If the Allele value in the Marker 37 column is presented with a Red colored font, this member has genetic results beyond 37 markers. These results are  presented on the 67 Marker Y-DNA Test Results Web page. According to FTDNA, those DYS Markers labeled in RED have a higher mutation rate than those Markers not labeled in Red. Haplogroup R-M269 is a shorthand notation for Haplogroup R1b1a2. Red colored font for a member's Haplogroup indicates a FTDNA prediction which has not been confirmed. However, the confirmed Haplogroup of N17289 (A6a) & 48711 (A1g) predicts all members of Groups 1a & 1b most likely will belong to Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1a (shorthand notation is R-U106).

 

 

Page 5

 

Group 1 Y-DNA Genetic Results Table

 

 

 

Panel 1 (1-12) Haplotype

Panel 2 (13-25) Haplotype

- Panel 3 (26-37) Haplotype
Marker #

<====> 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 - 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
K
I
T
#
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9

3
8
9
-
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
-
2
4
5
8

4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d

4
6
4
e

4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6

6
0
7
5
7
6

5
7
0

C
D
Y
a

C
D
Y
b

4
4
2

4
3
8

R-U106MH 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 23 15 15 18 17 37 38 11 12
ASMH 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
Ancestral Haplotype 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

Group 1a: Descendants of William Stark [1664-1730] --- son of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]

76234

A1a

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

98044

A1b

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

230493
A1c

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                          

78077

A1d

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

178528

A1e

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
279117
A1f
R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                    

48711

A1g

R-U106

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 37 38 12 12

119763

A1h

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 35 38 12 12

165568

A1i

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
#Steve
A1j
R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 - 29 - - - - - 25 14 19 - - - - -   11 12 19 22 - - - - - - 12 12

176520

A1k

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 39 12 12

9Z5ZG

A1l

R-M269 12 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 - - - - - 12 12

16335

A1m

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                          

80860

A1n

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

74961

A1o

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
281649
A1p
R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 18   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

115456

A1q

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

202299

A1r

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

63737

A2a

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 35 38 12 12

334868

A2b

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

75156

A3a

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 16 17   12 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 37 38 12 12

194718

A3b

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 16 17   12 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 37 38 12 12

78078

A4a

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

203166

A4b

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

257675

A4c

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                          

N56748

A4d

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 14 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

154414

A4e

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 14 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

N66901

A4f

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 18 17 36 38 12 12

247428

A5a

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

N17289

A6a

R-U106 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 15 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

Subgroup 1B: Descendants of Aaron Stark (Junior) [1654-1700] --- son of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]

98140

B1a

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

135468

B1b

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                          

87105

B2a

R-M269

12 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

115764

B2b

R-M269 12 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                    

172378

B2c

R-M269 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 37 38 12 12

194579

B2d

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 30 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                          

206763

B2e

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

298239

B2f

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

102286

B3a

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 18   11 11 19 22 16 16 16 17 36 38 12 12

233230

B3b

R-M269 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

Subgroup 1C: Genetic Matches to Subgroup 1A & 1B / Surname Stark or Starks / Genealogy Incomplete

Marker #

<====> 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 - 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

180952

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
335456

R-M269

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17   11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

Subgroup 1D: Genealogy Suggests Aaron [1608-1695] was Ancestor; are not genetic matches to 1A or 1B

Marker #

<====> 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 - 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

176667

R-M269

13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 29 15 15 16 18   11 10 19 23 16 15 18 18 38 38 11 12

284645

R-M269

13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 8 9 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 16 17 17                          

1)

Comments: The genealogy suggest #76667 is a descendant of Zephaniah Stark and Zephaniah's Father, William Stark (Junior). The H37 haplotype of #76667 was genetically compared to that of #48711 (Subgroup 1A), a known descendant of William Stark (Junior). Their genetic distance was 15. There is a .12% probability they share a common ancestor who lived within the last 20 generations. The odds greatly favor that they have not shared a common male ancestor within thousands of years making it genetically impossible William Stark (Junior) was  a common ancestor of #76667 and #48711. Either the 1872 publication entitled "History of Rutland, Vermont," by Caverly reporting Zephaniah was born in England is correct; or there was a non-paternal event in the generation of William (Junior) or in one of the generations that follows. Genetic results from a second descendant of Zephaniah could resolve this issue in the future.

2)

Comments: The genealogical research of # 84645 Stark reveals with reasonable accuracy he is a descendant of David Stark of Scott County, Indiana; reported by the genealogy to be a son of Daniel Stark [1746-1810]. Daniel Stark had a son named Jonathan D. Stark. The genealogy suggests #84645 shares Aaron Stark [1608-1685] as a common ancestor. The H25 haplotype of # 84645 was genetically compared to that of #16335 (Subgroup 1A), a known descendant of Jonathan D. Stark [1768-1828]. Their genetic distance was 6. There is a 12.98% probability they share a common ancestor who lived within the last 20 generations. The odds greatly favor they have not shared a common male ancestor in excess of 5,000 years.  This suggests David Stark may have been a member of an unrelated Stark family living in Kentucky, rather than a son of Daniel Stark; or there was a non-paternal event in the generation of Daniel [1746-1810] or one of the generations that follows. Genetic results from a second descendant of David could resolve this issue in the future. [Any Mismatch over Markers 22,23,24, & 25 counts as a genetic distance of 1. Click HERE to see Note 3 below the Results Table.]

 

 

 

 

Page 6

 

Group 1 Genealogical Lineage Table Introduction

The following Genealogical Lineage Table shows the direct male line from each member to their earliest known ancestor. The Common Ancestor of all members, Aaron Stark [1608-1685], is presented in the Gen 10 column. Note that the Kit #'s of the program members are variously shown under the column's labeled Gen -2 through Gen 1. This is because there are four living generations participating in the project. The following would be the number of generations Aaron Stark lived before the members: 12 generations before those listed under Gen -2; 11 generations before those listed under Gen -1; 10 generations before those listed under Gen 0; and 9 generations before those listed under Gen 1.

The Panels/Mismatches column reports the Panel haplotypes that were reported for the Member in that row and the number of mismatches over each Panel — relative to ASMH. The 'ID" column assigns a letter code to each row for the purpose of discussion when making genetic comparisons. [Comparison of A1a to B1a for example.] The row organization is the same as the Member organization in the above Y-DNA Results Table.

When reading from left to right, each row will eventually encounter a common ancestor associated with a member in an adjacent row. For example, A1a and A1b have a common ancestor named Moses, reported in the Gen 4 column. A1a, A1b, A1c, and A1d have a common ancestor named Jonathan J., reported in the Gen 5 column. This continues to occur reading left to right until Gen 10 — where Aaron I is reported to be the common  ancestor  of all of the members.

The number of Unique Transmission Events (Births) in a generation can be found under the Gen number for that column. A UTE occurs when the Y-DNA of the Father is transmitted to his son. In each generation, the total births are the sum of all of the individuals listed in that Gen column. The total number of Births reported are presented in the Gen 10 column. For the purposes of this discussion, the persons reported in the Generation 9 column are "Genealogical Branch Progenitors." 

William Stark (Senior) [1664-1730] is the progenitor of the branch consisting of his descendants with this background color. Aaron Stark II [1654-1701] is the progenitor of the branch consisting of his descendants with this background color. The common ancestor of all of the members, Aaron Stark I [1608-1685], is presented in the Gen 10 column.

 

 

Group 1 Genealogical Lineage Table

Perfect Match When Compared to 37 marker ASMH; Cells With this Background Show Direct Lineage path to Aaron Stark I

Cells in adjacent rows with this background differ from Modal and have same mutations

ID

Panels

Mismatches

Gen -2

UTE=1

1999-2033

Gen -1

UTE=14

1965-1999

Gen 0

UTE=30

1931-1965

Gen 1

UTE=38

1897-1931

Gen 2

UTE=38

1863-1897

Gen 3

UTE=37

1829-1863

Gen 4

UTE=33

1795-1829

Gen 5

UTE=28

1761-1795

Gen 6

UTE=20

1727-1761

Gen 7

UTE=12

1693-1727

Gen 8

UTE=6

1659-1693

Gen 9

UTE=2

1625-1659

Gen 10

Total=259

1591-1625

A1a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG = 35
8 Gen
-----
76234 Father

Samuel G.

1888-1967

James M.

1824-1905

Moses

1793-1860

Jonathan J.

1778-1850

James 

1741-1821

Jonathan

1712-1764

William Jr.

1690-1736

William Sr.

1664-1730

Branch Progenitor

Aaron I

1608-1685

Common Ancestor

A1b

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

98044
AYG=29.6
10 Gen
Father

John E.

1904-1971

George H.

1882-1948

Robert S.

1858-1911

Thompson

1829-1899

A1c

P1/P2

(0)/(0)

AYG=33.1
8 Gen
----- 230493 Father

Franklin R.

1873-1953

Mardecai

1834-1885

Enoch

1794-1864

A1d

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(0)

AYG=30
8 Gen
-----

78077

Father

William F.

1848-1929

Carroll B.

1821-1891

A1e

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(0)

AYG=35.8

9 Gen

 

178528

Carroll Edd

1930-2011

Edward M.

1900-1997

Esset A.

1873-1968

Norborne P.

1819-1880

Adin H.

1795-1850

A1f

P1

(0)

AYG=32
9 Gen
279117 Father Orion Lee
1896-1943
Henry S.
1862-1934
John H.
1832-1864
Daniel G.
1800-1860
Aaron
1776-1837
A1g

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=33
9 Gen

48711

Father

William A.

1905-1959

Jona' E.

1882-1935

Simeon E.

1858-1893

Elisha S.

1811-1870

Abraham

1781-1857

Daniel

1746-1810

A1h

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=32
9 Gen

119763

Father

Max W.

1896-1971

William H.

1855-1917

Simeon S.

1820-1893

Jesse A.

1802-1877

A1i

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=29.2
9 Gen
165568 Father

James V.

1871-1924

James A.

1849-1933

A1j

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=31
9 Gen
#Steve Father

Elmer S.

1887-1969

Francis M.

1850-1933

Jesse B.

1830-1908

A1k

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=35.3
8 Gen

176520

Father

William H.

[----]

William Hugh

1890-1977

Abraham H.

1849-1938

Stephen D.

1808-1869

A1l

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(0)/(0)

AYG=32
9 Gen

9Z5ZG

Father

Robert L.

1896-1956

Walter

1871-1898

Rice A.

1821-1900

William

1804-1870

A1m

P1/P2

(0)/(0)

AYG=35.5
8 Gen
----- 16335 Father

Elmore M.

1892-1979

Israel M.

1857-1936

Jona' A.

1815-1880

Jona' D.

1768-1828

A1n

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=33.2
9 Gen
80860 Father

John Harold

1907-1956

Marion G.

1868-1918

John Henry

1832-1915

Christopher

1802-1862

James V.

1773-1853

Christopher

1747-1807

A1o

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/0

AYG=35.8
8 Gen
----- 74961 Father

Wesley

1894-1951

John W.

1844-1894

John A.

1811-1874

Benjamin

1783-1831

John

1756-1841

A1p

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(0)

AYG=35.4
8 Gen
---- 281649
M25=18
Father

Mark E.

1891-1978

William I.
1857-1894
Elijah A.
1820-1890
A1q

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(0)/(0)

AYG=38.7
7 Gen
----- -----

115456

Father

Harry L.

1879-1968

Bethuel G.

1840-1908

Caleb

1793-1876

Joseph

1746-1807

A1r

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=34.5
8 Gen
-----

202299

Father

Larkin M.

1884-1923

Larkin

1838-1896

James

1804-1873

Joseph

1776-1814

Jonathan Jr.

1740-1802

A2a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=35.5
9 Gen
----- -----

63737

1928-2011

Leslie O.

1893-1971

Samuel A.

1859-1939

Franklin S.

1831-1899

Prince L.

1795-1862

John

1754-1825

Moses

1716-1797

A2b

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=34.7
9 Gen
----- ----- 334868
1921-2014
Father Joel F.
1861-1940
Phineas H.
1835-1900
Jehiel
1791-1860
Phineas
1758-1832
A3a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(2)

AYG=36.3
8 Gen

M21=30

M26=12

M34=37

75156

Father

William L.

1898-1956

Nathan T.

1863-1917

Isaac A.

1822-1867

Daniel

1793-????

Daniel A.

1761-????

William, III

1723-1795

A3b

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(2)

AYG=34.8
10 Gen
194718 ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????
A4a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=32.6
8 Gen
----- 78078 Father

William O.

1869-1951

John L.

1848-1926

Asahel L.

1817-1881

Daniel R.

1788-1820

Asahel

1755-1821

Chris Jr.

1728-1785

Christopher

1698-1777

A4b

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(0)/(0)

AYG=38.9
9 Gen
203166
M9=13
Father

Earle H.

1922-1988

Jay W.

1897-1960

Jared H.

1858-1911

Milo

1829-1918

Isaac

1805-1874

Nathan

1762-1812

A4c

P1/P2

(0)/(0)

AYG=34.9
8 Gen
------ 257675 Father Merrill A.
1887-1942
George M.
1862-1933
Joshua
1813-1890
Benjamin
1787-1854
A4d

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=32.9
9 Gen
N56748
M30=14
Father

Harold V.

1904-1984

John Kneff

1877-1950

William

1844-1920

John K.

1812-1881

Daniel

1793-1825

John

1763-1841

A4e

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=39.6
8 Gen
------

154414

M30=14

Father

Virgil E.

1925-2000

William E.

1871-1944

William P.

1830-1908

Henry

1804-1882

A4f

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=35.3
8 Gen
M30=15
?Back Mutate

N66901

Father

Kern R.

Kelly

1890-1973

D. F. Stark

 T. B. Kelly

1851-1916

William A.

1824-1885

Isaac

1796-1869

A5a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=38.3
7 Gen
----- ----- 247428 Father Bert Harold
1876-1942
Josiah
1834-1885
Egbert
1813-1882
Aaron Jr.
1755-1835
Aaron
1734-1778
A6a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

AYG=35.4
8 Gen
-----

N17289

Father

Lewis C.

1891-1977

Leroy H.

1865-1896

Henry H.

1840-1900

Jeremiah

1798-1870

Abijah

1768-1842

Nathan

1743-1830

Daniel

1702-1758

B1a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=37.6
8 Gen
----- 98140 Father

Horace J.

1909-1995

William H.

1873-1937

John G.

1836-1912

Abiel

1806-1869

Nathan II

1763-1837

Nathan I

1725-1780

Abiel (1st)

1689-1755

Aaron II

1654-1701

Branch Progenitor

B1b

P1/P2

(0)/(0)

AYG=40.6
7 Gen
----- ----- 135468 Father

Lowell R.

1892-????

Clinton E.

1853-1918

Albert W.

1818-1895

Caleb

1766-1841

Abiel (2nd)

1724-1770

B2a

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(1)/(0)

AYG=34.8
8 Gen
-----

87105

M1=12

Father

Osmer E.

1886-1964

Edward

1855-1908

Andrew

1821-1876

Reuben

1797-1877

Ebenezer

1768-1860

Stephen II

1717-1777

Stephen I

1686-1755

B2b

P1

(1)

AYG=35.8
8 Gen
-----

115764

M1=12

Father

Samuel A.

1894-1971

Samuel J.

1867-1952

Samuel

1828-1900

Norman S.

1796-1875

B2c

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(0)/(1)

AYG=33.2

9 Gen

172378

Father

Gould P.

1907-1980

Bernard J.

1879-????

Byron C.

1852-1928

James A.

1815-1886

Roderick

1787-1858

Stephen III

1766-1820

B2d

P1/P2

(1)/(0)

AYG=37.6
7 Gen
----- -----

194579

Father

John O.

1871-1928

John D.

1841-1909

Charles

1794-1874

Samuel, Jr.

1759-1834

Samuel

1722-1758

B2e

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=35.6
7 Gen
------ ------

206763

Father

John Joseph

1857-1920

Stephen

1823-1885

William

1790-1839

B2f

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

AYG=37.3
8 Gen
298239 Father Grandfather Samuel P.
1906-1993
Samuel P. C.
1859-1919
B3a

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(1)

AYG=31.4
9 Gen

102286

Father

Raymond

1891-1943

Samuel A.

1864-1939

Aaron

1830-1899

John Reid

1798-1880

John II

1771-1844

John

1733-1822

Aaron IV

1708-1772

Aaron III

1678-1744

B3b P1/P2/P3
(0)/(0)/(0)
AYG=37.3
8 Gen
-------- 233230 Father Elmer M.
1906-1996
Homer
1883-????
James W.
1844-1912
Aaron
1804-1864
Isaac
1758-1824
Amos
1717-1767

 

 

Report 1a Introduction

The combination of genealogical research and genetic testing has identified those members reported in Report 1 above who share Aaron Stark [1608-1685] of Connecticut as a common ancestor. This Report1a publication, added to the Aaron Stark Family Chronicles website, will examine the genealogy and Y Chromosome results of the above members in Group 1a & 1b who have 37 and 67 marker results and excellent genealogy. Click HERE to go to Report 1a.

 

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Disclaimer

The project administrator and webmaster is yours truly, Clovis LaFleur.  I am a volunteer and receive no financial remuneration of any kind from Family Tree DNA, nor am I one of their "web affiliates" (i.e., I don't profit from "click throughs").  I'm retired and genealogy is my hobby and is not my business. As a Project Administrator and webmaster I am not responsible for the genealogy material provided by members nor am I responsible for the Test Results publicly reported by FTDNA. The analysis of results prepared and presented by me on this web site are based on my interpretation of the Y-DNA results published and the genealogy provided by the project members. Discussion of my analysis with members and others will always be welcome.