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Volume 4: Descendants of Jonathan Stark & Sarah Lacock; the Kentucky Stark Families
Chapter 6: Joseph Stark & Children
Chapter 6 Appendix: The Decatur County, Indiana Stark Families; A Genetic-Genealogy Discussion of Their Ancestral Lineage

 

 

Page 55

 

Chapter 6: Joseph Stark & Children

By Clovis LaFleur, February 2008; Edited by Donn Neal

Joseph Stark was most likely born before 1746 in Morris County, New Jersey. His given name probably came from his grandfather, Joseph Lacock. He first appears in the record in 1767 in Loudon County, Virginia with his brothers. James Hamilton's list reported Nathan Lacock, Joseph Stark, Abner Howell, and James Stark with two tithables, the other being William Stark between 16 and 21 years of age. [1] Joseph Stark, listed on the next line of the Tithable or under the line reporting James and William, was clearly living in close proximity to James and was 21 years of age or older. Logic would suggest he was also a brother. All three appeared to be living in the same general area as Nathan Lacock, which suggest he was their Uncle and brother of Sarah Stark, the widow mentioned in the 1765 probate record of Jonathan Stark.

If the arguments are sufficient to consider Daniel, Joseph, and William were related to James Stark, then possible years of birth can be determined from the Tithable data. James was born before 1739. Jonathan Stark [the younger], probably younger than James, was born between 1740 and 1747. Because Joseph and Daniel were over twenty-one, they were born before 1746, and were probably younger than Jonathan, suggesting they could have been born between 1740 and 1746. The original records of the 1768 tithable lists clearly illustrate James Stark, William Stark, Joseph Stark, and William Lacock were living in very close proximity to each other.

Except for James Stark, four of the brothers were not recorded as residents of Loudoun County in 1769. Christopher and Joseph reappeared in the tithable list in 1770. After 1770, the Stark surnames of interest begin to disappear from the Loudoun County records. Joseph Stark's name does appeared in the Loudoun County Court minutes March 14, 1770. Daniel Hart sued Joseph for a note of hand. This case was dismissed as neither appeared.[2] This would be Joseph's last records in Loudoun County, suggesting he and his brothers had moved elsewhere by 1771 or 1772 at the latest.

Joseph most likely married Hannah (Unknown) between 1773 and 1778.[3] Joseph next appears in the record as a participant in the Revolutionary War. In the Pennsylvania Archives," 6th Series, Volume 2, page 118 begins the Class Roll of Captain Abner Howell's Company. On page 120, William Venerd (probably Vineyard) was on the 5th Class Roll; on the 7th Class Roll was John Stark and Joseph Stark; and on the 8th Class Roll was James Veneard (probably Vineyard) and Isaac Lacock. Joseph's place of residence (consisting of 240 acres) in 1783 was Amwell Township, where he was reported on the Washington County, Pennsylvania tax list.[4] In 1786, James Stark, Jonathan Stark, Daniel Stark, Christopher Stark, Joseph Stark, and John Stark were reported on the Nelson County, Virginia (later became Kentucky) tax list.[5]

Joseph Stark and John Stark were reported on the Nelson County tithable list of David Cox in 1785. Joseph was on line 39 of the list and John was on line 40 indicating they were living close together or on the same property. John Stark, about 30 years old in 1785 and newly married with two small children, was the younger brother of Joseph. David Cox's District was described as "on all the waters of Cox's Creek, Simpton Creek Easterly to the County Line northerly of Chaplins Fork." This provides a clue to where they may have been living. "Simpton Creek "was present day Simpson Creek, a tributary of the Salt River lying to the east of Cox's Creek.

James had moved from Rogers Station by the time the tithable list was compiled in 1786; for he and his son William were on the tithable list of David Cox in 1786. David Cox's district in 1786 was described as "from where the County road crossed Salt River on the north side of said road including all the waters of Cox’s Creek." Therefore, James was living somewhere north of the County Road, east of or on Cox's Creek and south of the Salt River. John, James, and Joseph were all reported living next to each other on this list and living with or near them was Christopher Stark. They may have all been living on the same property where John and Joseph were recorded in 1785, being a large enough family group to provide each other with mutual protection against Indian attacks.

In 1787, all of the brothers were reported living in Nelson County for Daniel Stark and his son, Jonathan D. Stark were reported on the tithable list of James Rogers. James and Christopher were on the tithable list of David Cox, his district approximately in the same location as the previous years, probably northern Nelson County and the southern part of present day Spencer County. Apparently, Joseph had moved further south, most likely down Froman Creek towards Bardstown. He appears on the 1787 tithable list of Gabriel Cox, his district located immediately north of Bardstown.

Joseph continued to live in Nelson County until 1792. In that year, Joseph Stark, Daniel Stark, and his son Jacob appear on the 1792 tax list of Shelby County. Because all of Nelson County was south of the Salt River before and after the formation of Shelby County, these families evidently had moved to a location in Shelby County which is north of the Salt River. The 1794 Shelby County tax list of Thomas Shannon Esq. reveals Joseph Stark owned 398 acres on are near Elk Creek and a later deed reports this property had boundaries on Elk Creek and Wolf Creek — a tributary of Brashear's Creek with a western branch that came near Elk Creek north of Taylorsville. This may have been where Joseph and Daniel had moved prior to 1794. November 5, 1799, Joseph Stark sold 148 acres to William Burkit, described as on Rogers Run, Cox Creek. This last property adjoined the property of Adam Wells purchased in June of 1798 from Christopher Stark. "Rogers Run," — which cannot be found on a modern map — may have been the creek presently referred to as "Samuel’s Creek," a western tributary of Froman Creek.

In 1800, Joseph, Daniel, Christopher, and John were reported living on the patent of John Craig, located on Floyd's Fork. A later deed further suggests all of these men were living in approximately the same location near or on Floyd's Fork.

"10 Jan 1808 Charles Lynch to Daniel Smith for $400 … land in Henry Co. on the waters of Floyds Fork 146 1/2a part of a 1350a patented to Dr. John Knight bounded as follows …corner to John Stark … with Daniel Stark's line … corner to Joseph Stark … Jno Starks corner … Signed by Chs. Lynch by Wm. Taylor atto. in fact for sd Lynch … Ack by Will Taylor attorney in fact for Charles Lynch …" [Source: 1808 Henry County, Kentucky; Deed Book 3, page 474] 

The Kentucky tax list clearly reveals Joseph, Christopher, Daniel, and John were residents of Henry County after October of 1799 — the last year they appeared on the Shelby County, Tax List. Joseph Stark appeared in the record from 1800 through 1807. He was deceased by January 19, 1808, as reported in the following Henry County deed.

 

Henry Co, KY Court Orders 3:1 At a Court held 19 Jan 1808 "Hannah Stark, widow and relict of Jos.Stark, dcd, came into court together with Richard Wells and Adam Mowrey, her securities, and entered and acknowledged bond in the penalty of L300 for a certificate of administration on the estate of the sd Joseph Stark is granted her in due form of law." The estate was inventoried and appraised and returned to court to be recorded 21 Mar 1808. Reub. Stark, Rhody McDowell, Ab. Stark, Polly Stark and Phil Stark are named on a list of property that has been advanced to a part of the Legatees.

 

Joseph Stark's parents; could they have been Col. John Starke and Anna (Wyatt) Starke of Hanover County, Virginia?

Chapters 1, 2, & 6 have reported there were five brothers living in the above locations reported. These brothers were James, Christopher, Daniel, Joseph, and John. In the Preface to Volume 4, Y-DNA Genetic results of descendants of James, Christopher, Daniel, and John have provided proof these brothers were most likely descendants of a common ancestor. The genetic analysis certainly validates — within a reasonable probability range — that descendants of the brothers share Aaron Stark [1608-1685] of Connecticut as a common ancestor with others who are known descendants of Aaron. Joseph Stark's descendant is reported in the Preface of  Volume 4  as ID Code (J) in the Y-DNA discussion. One of this descendant's male ancestors was Caleb Stark [1793-1876] of Decatur County, Indiana — reported on Page 56 to be a son of Joseph Stark.

In 1920, Ira G. Stark, a grandson of Caleb, published a pamphlet entitled: Muirhead Alias Stark Family. His pamphlet reported the father of Caleb Stark was Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky, the documentation presented suggesting this to be most likely correct. However, the pamphlet reports the parents of Joseph were John Stark and Anna Wyatt of Hanover County, Virginia. He further reports John Stark of Hanover County, Virginia was a brother of James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia and a brother of Archibald Stark of New Hampshire, the father of General John Stark of Revolutionary War fame.

The Chapter 6 Appendix entitled, "The Decatur County, Indiana Stark Families," will provide both genetic and genealogical reasons why John Stark and Anna Wyatt cannot be the parents of Joseph. Jonathan Stark and Sarah (Lacock) Stark were the parents of Joseph as reported in this sketch and in Chapter 1 and Chapter 2.

__________

1)

James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia And His Descendants, Volume 1, page 1271. Compiled by Mary Kathryn Harris & Mary Iva Jean Jorgensen. Copyright 1985, Privately Printed Fort Worth. For birth of first child of Jonathan Stark and Margaret Ball, see page 1348.

2)

Ibid. Volume 1, page 1271.

3)

Ann Livingston, Quick Notes on Early Central KY Families (Web Site: http://www.rootsweb.com/~kybullit/bcqnmain.htm), source of day and place of marriage of Rhoda Stark, daughter and oldest child of Joseph & Hannah. [Author's comment: Rhoda was married in 1794 in Shelby County, Kentucky. If she was between 15 and 20 years of age when she married, then she was born between 1774 and 1779.]

4)

Raymond Martin Bell, Washington County, Pennsylvania Tax Records 1783. Paper by this title stamped R. M. Bell, 1506 1st Ave. N. Apt. 3, Coralville, IA, 52241-1125. Quote: Stark, Joseph, 240 acres, 2 horses, 2 cows / Stark, John, no land, 2 horses, 2 cows, 6 sheep.

5)

URL: http//ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ky/nelson/taxlists/taxes/nelson1.txt. TAXLIST Nelson County Tithes 1785-1791, Nelson County, Kentucky. Transcribed by Mary Yoder, mayoder@davesworld.net; Date 11 Oct 2000.

 

 

 

Page 56

 

Joseph Stark Descendant Register, Generation No. 1

 

Author's Comment: Click on this phrase to go to a searchable online genealogical database entitled, "Descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]. In the surname search window, enter first the surname, then comma, then given name. Clicking on "List" will take you to a list of persons in the database with that surname and given name. Look down the list for birth and death dates. When they match the person on this web site, click on the name in the list. This will take you to the data page of the person of interest. You can then navigate from that page to the ancestors or descendants of that individual.

 

1.

Joseph Stark (Jonathan Stark [The Elder]4, William Stark (Junior)3, William Stark (Senior)2, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]1) was born before 1746 in Morris, New Jersey, USA, and died 1807 in Henry County, Kentucky. He married Hannah Unknown about 1775 in Loudoun County, Virginia. She was born before 1755, and died before 1821 in Henry County, Kentucky.

 

 

Children of Joseph Stark and Hannah Unknown are:

+

2

  i.

Mary Stark was born 23 MAR 1781 in Amwell Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, and died 16 APR 1844 in Clark, Indiana, USA.

 

3

  ii.

Rhoda Stark was born about 1776 in Yohogania County, Virginia (later Washington County, PA), and died before 1830. She married Daniel McDonald 07 JUL 1794 in Shelby, Kentucky, USA. He was born about 1775.

+

4

  iii.

Reuben Stark [Ca. 1782-1830] was born between 1780 AND 1784 in Washington, Pennsylvania, USA, and died 22 OCT 1830 in Henry County, Kentucky.

+

5

  iv.

Philip Stark was born 13 AUG 1790 in Nelson County, Virginia (later Kentucky), and died 28 NOV 1860 in Decatur County, Indiana.

+

6

  v.

Abner Stark was born 17 OCT 1786 in Nelson County, Virginia (later Kentucky), and died 28 MAR 1843 in Decatur County, Indiana.

+

7

  vi.

Caleb Stark was born 09 JUL 1793 in Shelby, Kentucky, USA, and died 25 FEB 1876 in Adams Township, Decatur County, Indiana.

 

8

  vii.

Anna Stark was born 14 FEB 1795 in Shelby, Kentucky, USA, and died 26 JAN 1875 in Vernon Township, Jackson County, Indiana. She married Samuel Hayes 19 JAN 1812 in Henry County, Kentucky. He was born 20 FEB 1790 in Pennsylvania, and died 01 MAR 1875 in Vernon Township, Washington County, Indiana.

 

Descendant Register, Generation No. 2

 

2.

Mary Stark (Joseph Stark5, Jonathan Stark [The Elder]4, William Stark (Junior)3, William Stark (Senior)2, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]1) was born 23 MAR 1781 in Amwell Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, and died 16 APR 1844 in Clark, Indiana, USA. She was buried in Washington Twp, Clark, IN. She married David Stark 28 MAY 1801 in Henry County, Kentucky, son of Daniel Stark and Elizabeth Unknown. He was born 19 MAY 1775 in West District of Augusta, Augusta County, Virginia (later Washington County, PA), and died 05 NOV 1857 in Scott, Indiana, USA.

 

 

Children of Mary Stark and David Stark are:

+

9

  i.

Philip Stark was born 22 AUG 1814 in Clark, Indiana, and died 1887 in Appanoose, IA.

 

10

  ii.

Maryann M. Stark was born 1812 in Clark, Indiana, and died 28 JUL 1835 in Scott, Indiana.

+

11

  iii.

Caleb Stark was born 29 JUL 1806 in Kentucky, USA, and died 20 OCT 1852 in Appanoose, IA.

 

12

  iv.

Hannah Stark was born 30 MAY 1808.

 

13

  v.

William Stark was born 24 MAY 1815 in Kentucky, USA.

+

14

  vi.

Nelson Stark was born 31 MAY 1819 in Clark, Indiana, USA, and died 29 MAR 1900 in Scott, Indiana, USA.

 

15

  vii.

David Stark was born 02 MAY 1817 in Clark, Indiana.

 

4.

Reuben Stark [Ca. 1782-1830] (Joseph Stark5, Jonathan Stark [The Elder]4, William Stark (Junior)3, William Stark (Senior)2, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]1) was born between 1780 AND 1784 in Washington, Pennsylvania, USA, and died 22 OCT 1830 in Henry County, Kentucky. He married Sarah Stephenson 22 APR 1805 in Henry County, Kentucky. She was born about 1785, and died 05 MAR 1846 in Henry County, Kentucky.

 

 

Children of Reuben Stark [Ca. 1782-1830] and Sarah Stephenson are:

+

16

  i.

Thomas Chilton "Shelton" Stark was born 22 JAN 1823 in Henry, KY, and died 29 JUL 1900 in Greene Twp, Parke, IN.

 

17

  ii.

Paulina Stark was born about 1818 in Henry, KY, and died before 1870 in Harrison, MO. She married William Hendron 09 FEB 1837 in Henry, KY. He was born about 1817.

 

18

  iii.

Charles Allen Stark was born about 1820 in Henry, KY.

 

19

  iv.

Matilda Stark was born 09 JUL 1807 in Henry, KY, and died 15 NOV 1877 in Carrollton, Greene, IL. She married Phillip V. Admire about 1833. He was born 07 OCT 1811, and died 05 NOV 1878 in Carrollton, Greene, IL.

+

20

  v.

John Rowan Stark was born about 1825 in Henry, KY.

 

21

  vi.

Larinda Ann Stark was born about 1827 in Henry, IN.

 

22

  vii.

Elizabeth Stark was born 1806 in Henry, KY, and died 1887 in Gentry, MO. She married Thomas Admire 19 MAY 1825 in Oldham, KY. He was born 1804 in Oldham, KY, and died NOV 1830 in Oldham, KY. She married Levi Bush 16 AUG 1836 in Henry, KY. He was born about 1797 in Kentucky, USA, and died before 1880 in Gentry, MO.

+

23

  viii.

Preston Stark was born 1811 in Henry, KY, and died AFT 1880 in Louisville, Jefferson, KY.

+

24

  ix.

William Stark was born 22 FEB 1806 in Kentucky, and died 14 FEB 1849 in Parke, Indiana.

 

 

 

Page 57

 

5.

Philip Stark (Joseph Stark5, Jonathan Stark [The Elder]4, William Stark (Junior)3, William Stark (Senior)2, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]1) was born 13 AUG 1790 in Nelson County, Virginia (later Kentucky), and died 28 NOV 1860 in Decatur County, Indiana. He married Elizabeth Robbins 24 AUG 1809 in Henry County, Kentucky. She was born 18 AUG 1790 in Franklin County, Virginia, and died AFT 1880 in Union Township, Boone County, Indiana.

 

 

Children of Philip Stark and Elizabeth Robbins are:

+

25

  i.

Joseph Stark was born 1811 in Kentucky, USA, and died AFT 1880 in Boone, IN.

+

26

  ii.

Albert W. Stark was born 1821 in Shelby, KY, and died AFT 1914.

 

27

  iii.

Manerva Stark was born 1837 in Decatur, IN, and died before 1880 in Worth twp, Boone, IN. She married George F. Gayer about 1857. He was born 1828 in Kentucky, USA, and died AFT 1880 in Worth twp, Boone, IN.

 

28

  iv.

Mahala Stark was born about 1815 in Kentucky, USA, and died AFT 1880. She married Moses Guthrie 28 JUN 1832 in Decatur, IN. He was born 08 NOV 1808 in Gallitan, KY, and died AFT 1880 in Adams Twp, Decatur, IN.

 

29

  v.

Rhoda Stark was born about 1814 in Kentucky, USA, and died AFT 1880. She married Hiram Edrington before 1840 in Decatur, IN. He was born 13 JAN 1806 in Kentucky, USA, and died 1888 in Adams Twp, Decatur, IN.

+

30

  vi.

Merrit R. Stark was born about 1820 in Kentucky, USA.

 

31

  vii.

Frances "Fannie" Stark was born about 1819 in Kentucky, USA, and died about 1846 in Decatur, IN. She married Robert Heath 19 SEP 1839 in Decatur, IN. He was born 19 MAR 1816 in Guilford, NC, and died 19 SEP 1886 in Benton, IA.

 

32

  viii.

Martha Ann Stark was born about 1835 in Decatur, IN. She married John G. Cline 04 NOV 1850 in Decatur, IN. He was born about 1830.

 

33

  ix.

Mary Stark.

+

34

  x.

Merietta "Mary" Unknown was born 1819 in Kentucky, United States.

 

35

  xi.

Hannah Stark was born about 1818 in Kentucky, USA, and died about 1850 in Davis, IA. She married Elijah Swinney 08 NOV 1838 in Decatur, IN. He was born 02 MAR 1819 in Monroe, VA, and died 12 AUG 1882 in WA.

 

36

  xii.

Nancy Stark.

 

37

  xiii.

Louisa R. Stark was born about 1822 in Kentucky, USA, and died AFT 1880. She married Leander W. Brandon 08 OCT 1840 in Decatur, IN. He was born about 1820, and died before 1880 in St. Clair, MO.

 

38

  xiv.

William R. Stark.

 

6.

Abner Stark (Joseph Stark5, Jonathan Stark [The Elder]4, William Stark (Junior)3, William Stark (Senior)2, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]1) was born 17 OCT 1786 in Nelson County, Virginia (later Kentucky), and died 28 MAR 1843 in Decatur County, Indiana. He married Persis Boone 11 FEB 1811 in Shelby, Kentucky, USA. She was born 09 OCT 1791 in Shelby, Kentucky, USA, and died 14 OCT 1875 in Bloomfield, Davis County, Iowa.

 

 

Children of Abner Stark and Persis Boone are:

+

39

  i.

Josiah John Stark was born 28 JAN 1819 in Henry, IN, and died 13 DEC 1891 in Perry, Davis, IA.

+

40

  ii.

Greenup Stark was born 25 FEB 1817 in Henry, KY, and died 10 DEC 1895 in Soap Creek Twp, Davis, IA.

 

41

  iii.

Talitha Stark was born 31 AUG 1830 in Henry, KY, and died 18 OCT 1903 in Drakesville, Davis, IA. She married Samuel Bell Downing 26 AUG 1851 in Davis, IA. He was born 04 FEB 1825 in Venango, PA, and died 27 OCT 1903 in Drakesville, Davis, IA.

 

42

  iv.

Persis Boone Stark was born about 1812.

 

43

  v.

Lavina Stark was born 1825 in Henry, KY, and died 06 NOV 1913 in Davis, IA. She married Delaney Swinney 27 APR 1843 in Decatur, IN. He was born 09 OCT 1820 in Monroe, VA, and died 04 JUL 1900 in Lick Creek, Davis, IA.

+

44

  vi.

Jeremiah Boone Stark was born about 1815 in Kentucky, USA, and died 1849.

+

45

  vii.

William B. Stark was born 06 JUN 1833 in Decatur, IN, and died 02 JUL 1904 in Woodson, KS.

 

46

  viii.

Bethany Stark was born 1823 in Decatur, IN.

 

47

  ix.

Abner W. A. Stark was born 1828 in Henry, KY. He married Evila [Unknown] about 1850 in Davis, IA. She was born 1833 in Indiana, USA.

 

7.

Caleb Stark (Joseph Stark5, Jonathan Stark [The Elder]4, William Stark (Junior)3, William Stark (Senior)2, Aaron Stark [1608-1685]1) was born 09 JUL 1793 in Shelby, Kentucky, USA, and died 25 FEB 1876 in Adams Township, Decatur County, Indiana. He was buried in Adams Twp, Decatur, IN. He married Anne E. Boone 19 JAN 1815 in Henry County, Kentucky. She was born 11 NOV 1797 in Woodford County, Kentucky, and died 25 MAR 1883 in Adams Township, Decatur County, Indiana. She was buried in Adams Twp, Decatur, IN.

 

 

Children of Caleb Stark and Anne E. Boone are:

+

48

  i.

Aden B. Stark was born 21 OCT 1815 in Henry, KY, and died 19 APR 1890 in Decatur, IN.

+

49

  ii.

Joseph Stark was born about 1837 in Decatur County, Indiana.

 

50

  iii.

Percis Stark was born 10 NOV 1817 in Henry, KY, and died 05 APR 1899 in Decatur, IN. She married Elijah Markland 26 MAY 1841 in Decatur, IN. He was born about 1817 in Ohio, USA, and died before 1880 in Adams Twp, Decatur, IN.

+

51

  iv.

George F. Stark was born 20 JAN 1820 in Henry, KY, and died 18 OCT 1876 in Decatur, IN.

 

52

  v.

Lovica "Lavicy" Stark was born 15 JUN 1822 in Henry, KY, and died 18 MAR 1884 in Decatur, IN. She married Richard Wright 04 SEP 1845 in Decatur, IN. He was born 1819 in VA, and died AFT 1880.

+

53

  vi.

Willet H. Stark was born 27 OCT 1824 in Henry, KY, and died 15 AUG 1882 in Adams Twp, Decatur, IN.

 

54

  vii.

Elizabeth Stark was born about 1829 in Decatur, IN. She married John Whitlow. He was born about 1829.

 

55

  viii.

Lavina Stark was born 29 MAY 1827 in Decatur, IN, and died 18 MAY 1911. She married John Wright 1854 in Decatur, IN. He was born 1826 in VA.

 

56

  ix.

Evelyn Stark was born 06 NOV 1831 in Decatur, IN, and died 04 MAY 1850 in Decatur, IN. She married William King. He was born about 1831.

 

57

  x.

Ruth Stark was born 20 NOV 1834 in Decatur, IN, and died JUN 1884 in Decatur, IN.

+

58

  xi.

Bethel Green Stark was born 14 MAR 1840 in Indiana, USA, and died 28 OCT 1908 in Humboldt County, Iowa.

 

Top of Page

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 1

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

The Decatur County, Indiana Stark Families

A Genetic-Genealogy Discussion of Their Ancestral Lineage
By Clovis LaFleur; January 2014

Abstract

Three sons of Joseph Stark who lived in Henry County, Kentucky, were recorded in the 1840 census as living in Decatur County, Indiana. The brothers were Abner (male in the 50 thru 59 age group) , Phillip (also in the 50 thru 59 age group) , and Caleb Stark (male in the 40 thru 49 age group). Henry County, Kentucky documents have shown these three brothers were sons of Joseph.

A descendant of Caleb Stark joined the Stark Family Y-DNA Project and was genetically tested. When his genetic results were compared to other members of the Project, it was found Caleb’s descendant was a near perfect match to 25 other members of the Project who are descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] who arrived in New England in about 1637 and eventually settled in a region that later became Groton, New London County, Connecticut. [See Note 1]

Subsequent genealogical research determined Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky was most likely a brother of four other men who lived in the same region, all arriving in Nelson County, Kentucky by 1785. The brothers were James, Christopher, Daniel, and John. These brothers were determined through genealogical research to be sons of Jonathan Stark (the Older) who married Sarah Lacock. Jonathan (the Older) was a son of William Stark (Junior) of New London, who married Experience Lamb. William’s father was William Stark (Senior) who was a son of Aaron Stark [1608-1685].

Recent searches of the Ancestry.com genealogical database has revealed an ancestral lineage for Joseph Stark that is contrary to the lineage reported in Chapters 1, 2 and 6. An genealogy was compiled and published about the Decatur County, Stark families in 1920. In that year, Ira G. Stark, a great-grandson of Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky, published a small pamphlet tracing his line back to a John Stark of Glasgow, Scotland born in 1665. The title of the pamphlet was: “The Muirhead Alias Stark Family.” In this pamphlet, Ira Stark reported the parents of Joseph Stark were John Stark and Anna Wyatt of Hanover County, Virginia. This pamphlet presented a reasonable genealogy Caleb had brothers named Rueben, Abner and Phillip and all were sons of Joseph Stark.

Using the genetic results of three different and unrelated Stark families presented in the Stark Family Y-DNA Project, this discussion will reveal Ira G. Stark — who was undeniably a grandson of Caleb and great-grandson of Joseph Stark of Henry Co., KY — mistakenly determined John Stark and Anna Wyatt of Hanover Co., VA, were the parents of Joseph. Further, he also mistakenly presumed John Stark of Hanover County, Virginia, was a brother of James Stark of Stafford Co., VA,  — suggesting the Decatur County, Indiana Stark families were most likely descendants of the infamous John Muirhead Alias Stark.

 

A Discussion of the Ira G. Stark Pamphlet

We begin by recreating Ira G. Stark's genealogical lineage from Ira G. Stark to John Muirhead alias Stark. Ira's pamphlet begins with comments related to the Muirhead early family history and repeats events that changed John Muirhead’s surname to “Stark” when he saved the life of Scottish King James IV from the charge of a bull. In the words of Sir George Mackenzie (1636-1691), a legend, then nearly 200 years old, proclaimed: "Stark, beareth azur, a chevron, argent, between three acorns in chief, or, and bull's head erased of ye 2nd base. Those of ye name are descended on one John Muirhead, 2nd son of ye Lord of Lachop, who at hunting in ye forest of Cumbernauld, one day seeing King James ye IV in hazard of his life by a bull hotly pursued by ye hounds stept in between ye King and ye bull, and gripping ye bull by ye horns and by his great strength almost tore ye head from it for which he was called Stark and his posteritie after him and bears ye rugged bull's head in their arms. Ye old sword of ye family has on it "Stark, alias Muirhead."

On Page 10 of his pamphlet, Ira added to the story as followings; "For this bravery in saving his Kings life, he was given a new name —  Stark —  meaning strength, won a coat of arms and the motto: 'When your ancestors first set foot on this island 600 years ago, Stark meant strength in German Gaul. Your name shall be called Stark and all of your posterity and your arms, a rugged bull’s head, with dexterous hands holding it by the horns, and drops of blood dropping from the right hand, and your estate shall be Killermont-on-Clyde, by Glasgow, Scotland.' ” Later research has confirmed Killermont was purchased from John Cunningham by a John Stark in 1628. [2]

To continue Ira’s research, he then claims there was a John Stark, born in 1665, who was a grandson of a John Stark of Killermont who became a Bishop in 1635. Ira’s account claims John Stark, born in 1665, was the first to digress from naming the first son John, by naming his eldest son after his mother, Archibald. In Ira’s words: “In 1710, he was a merchant in Glasgow, Scotland, and immigrated to Londonderry, New Hampshire. His son James came with him. His eldest son, Archibald, remained in Scotland, later marrying Eleanor Nichols, of Londonderry, Ireland. Then he and his wife joined his father in New Hampshire

Ira then named the children of John Stark born in 1665. Of the nine children named, Ira commented; “Of these, I have traced to some extent the first three.” [Archibald born 1693; James born in 1695; and John born in 1697] Ira Continues his narrative, addressing the events and children of Archibald and James. He then addresses the third son, John Stark, born in 1697: “John Stark born in 1697, son of John Stark born in 1665, moved with his father to Stafford County, Virginia in 1730. To him and his wife, Ann Wyatt, a very young and beautiful girl, were born.....[Ira reported the seventh child was Joseph Stark, born in 1753, who lived in Henry Co., KY.] Other males Ira reported born to John Stark and Ann Wyatt were: John, born 1742; Thomas born in 1746; and James, born in 1758. Ira reported that when the Revolutionary War broke out, John Stark who married Ann Wyatt was living in Hanover Co., VA, elected and serving on the Committee of Safety for that County.

Therefore, Ira established a line of descent from Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky (born in 1753 according to Ira) to his father, John Stark (born in 1697 according to Ira) who married Anna Wyatt. This John was the son of John Stark (born in 1665 in Scotland) who was the grandson of Bishop John Stark of Killermont, who was a descendant of the infamous John Muirhead alias Stark. Ira reported Joseph had children named: Reuben; Abner; Phillip, Caleb and Anne.  As reported above, Ira also concluded Archibald Stark (born in 1693) and James Stark (born in 1695) were brothers of John Stark who married Anna Wyatt.

Ira reported the following related to Archibald Stark: "He (Archibald) arrived with his wife in New Hampshire in 1721. To them in New Hampshire were born seven children." He writes that one of the children was John Stark with this quote from Ira's Pamhlet: "John the next younger brother, espoused the cause of the Revolutionists and became Major-General in the American Army. He married Elizabeth Page, whom he delighted to call 'Polly.'"

Ira then reported the following related to James Stark: "The second son. James, emigrated to Stafford County, V i r g i n i a , w i t h his father (John Stark born in 1665) in 1720. In 1716, in Londonderry, N. H,  he married Elizabeth Thornton, a sister of Dr. Matthew Thornton, who, when an old man, signed the Declaration of Independence. James Stark and Elizabeth (Thornton) Stark, his wife, were the parents of fifteen children."

Therefore, Ira Stark published a genealogy in his Pamphlet that clearly established a line of descent from a John Stark (born in 1665) to Caleb Stark through Caleb's father, Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky. He further concluded the father of Joseph, John Stark of Hanover County, Virginia who married Anna Wyatt, was a brother of James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia, and Archibald Stark of Londonderry, New Hampshire.

__________

1)

Click HERE to review the Genetic-Genealogy Report of all 26 members of the project which includes Caleb's descendant (Kit #115456).

2)

James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia And His Descendants, Compiled by Mary Kathryn Harris & Mary Iva Jean Jorgensen. Copyright 1985, Privately Printed Fort Worth. Source: The Old Country Houses of the Old Glasgow Gentry, 1878; Quote: Killermont. In 1628 John Cunningham sold Killermont to John Stark for 12,000 merks. It remained in the family of John Stark for some time. John Stark "the younger of Killermont" was among those who held conventicles and refused to conform to the Episcopal form of church government in 1685. Killermont estate had already been sold a year or two earlier to James Hunter of Muirhouse."

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 2

 

Harris & Jorgensen 1985 Appraisal of Ira Stark's Pamphlet

As was reported in Volume 1, page 43 by Harris & Jorgenson; they found no connection of John Stark of Hanover Co., Va who married Jane Wyatt, to the New Hampshire families; nor to the Stafford Co., VA families. These comments were made by H & J about the Ira Stark genealogy compiled in 1920:

 

"In that year (1920) Ira G. Stark printed a small pamphlet incorrectly tracing his line to John Stark of Glasgow, Scotland born in 1665. He gave the same list of children of his John Stark born in 1665 as did the Draper article in the 1912 "Stark Family Association", and undoubtedly that article was also the source of his statements. Certainly, Ira G. Stark did not have this list of children through family records in his family as he was not of the line of James Stark of Stafford Co., VA. In this pamphlet he mistakenly traced his line which was Joseph Stark of Henry Co., KY back to John Stark and Anne Wyatt of Hanover Co., VA. The genealogical errors are many in this account. Ira G. Stark stated that John Stark of Hanover Co., VA, was born in Stafford Co., VA and was the John Stark born in 1697, son of the John Stark of Scotland born in 1665 as given in the Draper article. No proof exists to show that John Stark of Hanover Co., VA, ever lived in Stafford Co., VA, or that any other Stark other than James Stark lived in Stafford Co., Va. in the early 1700's. John Stark who married Anne Wyatt was not born 1697 but in 1717 in either King William or King and Queen Co., VA. Prior to living in Hanover Co., VA, he lived in Louisa Co., Va. Joseph Stark, son of John Stark and Anne Wyatt, lived and died in Hanover Co., VA and did not move to KY. The Joseph Stark who lived in Henry Co., VA, was closely related to several other Stark families who lived in Henry Co., KY and Nelson Co., KY. For further discussion of John Stark and Anne Wyatt, see Part VIII, Chapter 1. For further discussion of the Stark families of Henry and Nelson Counties, see Part VIII."

[Author's Comment related to Stark Family Association: Click on the Yearbook in the following to Review. The Draper article was published in the 1912 Yearbook and a related article by James R. Clark was published in the 1921 Yearbook . The Author has placed comments in these yearbooks related to the genetics to be discussed later.]

 

H & J were clearly in disagreement with the genealogy presented in Ira Stark's Pamphlet. In Volume 3, Part VIII, Chapter 1, H & J had the following genealogy for a John Starke of King William County, Virginia —  perhaps the Grandfather of John Stark of Hanover Co., VA who married Anne Wyatt.

 

JOHN1 STARKE OF KING WILLIAM COUNTY, VIRGINIA (Page 1277 of H & J Genealogy)

Born: 1666 or before / Married: no data / Died: after 1704 King William Co VA.

Children:

1. John2 Starke / Born: 1690 or before King William Co VA. / Married: Frances Bougham / Died: no data

2. Thomas2 Starke / Born: 1680-90 King William Co VA. / Married: no data / Died: after 1744 King and Queen Co VA.

 

THOMAS2 STARKE (John1) [Page 1279 of H & J Genealogy)

Born: 1680-90 King William Co VA. Married: no data. Died: after 1744 King and Queen Co VA.

Children:

1. Flurry3 Starke bora 1713 or before VA, King William or King and Queen Co VA. Married: Ann. Died: 175e King and Queen Co., VA.

2. Philemon3 Starke born early 1700's VA, King William or King and Queen Co., VA. Died: ca 1756 King and Queen Co., VA.

3. John3 Starke born 1717 VA, King William or King and Queen Co. Married: Anne Wyatt. Died: Nov. 1799 Hanover Co., VA.

4. Sarah3 Starke, Married: ___ Leith. Died: 1779 Granville Co., NC. No children.

5. William3 Starke, Married: Barbara Quarles. Died: 1791-98 King William Co., VA.

6. Thomas3 Starke born 1725 or before VA, King William or King and Queen Co. Married: 1st Jean Williams, 2nd Keziah. Died: ca 1782 Kershaw Co., SC.

7. Frances/Frankey3 Starke married Constantine Smith.


JOHN3 STARKE (Thomas2, John1) (Pages 1281 & 1282 of H & J Genealogy)
Born: 1717 VA, King William Co., or King and Queen Co. Married: Anne Wyatt (She was the dau of Capt. John Wyatt, and Jane Pamplin. She was the aunt of Elizabeth Wyatt who married John4 Starke, son of John3. Died: Nov. 1799 Hanover Co., VA.

Children:

   1. Elizabeth4 Starke born Apr. 3, 1736 VA,King and Queen, King William or Louisa Co. Married: Barrett White Feb. 4, 1754.

   2. Thomas4 Starke born July 7, 17b0 VA, King and Queen, King William or Louisa Co.

   3. Anna4 Starke born Mar. b, 1737 VA, King and Queen, King William or Louisa Co.

   4. John4 Starke born Apr. 27, 1742 VA, probably Louisa Co.

   5. Wyatt4 Starke born Feb. 29, 1743 Louisa Co., VA. Died: Sept. 13, 1747 Louisa Co., VA.

   6. Lucy4 Starke born Apr. 16, 1746 Louisa Co., VA. (No further data)

   7. Wyatt4 Starke born Sept. 19, 1747 Louisa Co., VA.

   8. Fanny4 Starke born Oct. 13, 1749 Louisa Co., VA. (No further data)

   9. Mary4 Starke born May 5, 1751 Louisa Co., VA. (No further data)

10. Joseph4 Starke born Jan. 20, 1753 Louisa Co., VA.

11. Sally4 Starke born Nov. 30, 1754 Louisa Co., VA. (No further data)

12. Jane4 Starke born Dec 12, 1758 Hanover Co., VA. Married: James Dillard Jr. Apr. 3, 1782, Hanover Co., VA. (He was born Oct. 29, 1755/1756.) Died: Apr. 4, 1832.

13. Ann4 Starke born Nov. 7, 1760 Hanover Co., VA. (No further data)

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 3

 

Author's Comment: Two descendants of John4 Starke born Apr. 27, 1742 in VA, have genetically been tested and are presented in the Stark Family Y-DNA Project. In the following, only descendants of the those Y-DNA will be presented from the  H & J genealogy. Click HERE to review the lineages of the Kit Numbered Members of Group 4 reported below.

 

JOHN4 STARKE (John3, Thomas2, John1) (Pages 1285 & 1286 of the H & J Genealogy)

Born: Apr. 27, 1742, VA, probably Louisa Co. Married: Elizabeth Wyatt. She was the dau of Richard Wyatt and his first wife Elizabeth Streakley. She was the niece of Anne Wyatt who married John3 Starke. John*4 Starke and Elizabeth Wyatt were first cousins. She was born 1744 and died 1830.

Children:

3. William5 B. Starke born Feb. 20, 1786 Hanover Co., VA.

[Author's Comment: Y-DNA Protect Member #N47628 reports William Starke b Feb 20 1786 (Hanover Co., VA) - d April 17 1831 (Hanover Co, VA)]

13. John5 Starke married Elizabeth Shepherd. (She died Nov. 21, 1837.) Died: Jan. 9, 1829.

[Author's Comment: Y-DNA Project Member #89006 reports Capt. John Starke b. 1771 Hanover Co, VA - d. 1828]

 

WYATT4 STARKE (John3, Thomas2, John1) (Pages 1291 of the H & J Genealogy)

Born: Sept. 19, 1747 Hanover Co., VA. Married: Mary/Mollie Brofford 1772 Hanover Co., VA. She was born 1749 VA, and died I846, age 97. Died: 1799-1810 probably Kanawha Co., WV. [Author's Comment: Y-DNA Members #78032 #214358 report Wyatt Starke b. 19 Sep 1747 Hanover Co, VA – d. bef 11 Jul 1804 Kanawha Co, VA.]

Children:

1. John Starke born June 27, 1777 VA.

[Author's Comment: Y-DNA Members #78032 and #214358 report John Dryden Starke b. 06/27/1777 Charlotte Co, VA – d. 09/21/1833 Kanawha Co., VA.]

H & J Sources for Wyatt Starke:

1) Rockbridge Co VA Marriages: Robert Rogers to Sally Starke, daughter of Wyatt Starke Jan. 13, 1796. She was over 21.

2) West Virginia Land Grants Kanawha Co.: Wyatt Starke 1799 100 acres Slaughter's Creek-—Bk 1, p l54.

3) Mary Starke 1810 Cen Kanawha Co., VA — p 200.

H & J Notes: Wyatt Starke was living in Rockbridge Co., VA, by 1796 when his daughter Sally married. Probably about 1799 he moved over into what is now Kanawha Co. WV. On the 1810 census his widow Mary had no males in her household and 3 females, probably daughters, 2 born 1794-1800 and 1 born 1800-1810. Wyatt Starke probably had other children not identified.

 

JOSEPH4 STARKE (John3, Thomas2, John1) (Pages 1292 & 1293 of the H & J Genealogy)

Born: Jan. 20, 1753 Hanover Co. VA. Married: Elizabeth ______. Died: ca 1794-95 Hanover Co VA.

Children: See notes on page 1293.

H & J Sources:

"William and Mary Quarterly" Vol. 21, Series 1, p 160.

Hanover Co. Small Book, March 3, 1785: Joseph Starke to John Starke 150 Acres beginning at the Church gate near the road and running to the middle gate crossing creek to Pates, to Tinsley. Wit: John Starke, Richard Starke.

Hanover Co VA Small Book Sept. 2, 1790: John Starke, the elder, to his son Joseph Starke 260 acres on Mechump adjoining Henry Watkins, Wm Cocke, Thos. Wingfield, Jno. Wingfield, Jeremiah Pate, Nathan Tinsley.

 

"Hanover Co., VA, Taxpayers --- Saint Paul's Parish"

1782-84, 1788-95, 1796: Joseph Starke

1794, 1799, 1805: Elizabeth Starke

1795, 1797: Elizabeth Starke and 1 adult

1807, 1812: Elizabeth Starke and 2 adults.

 

H & J Notes: Joseph Starke last appears on the Hanover Co tax lists in 1796 but may have died a year or so earlier as his widow Elizabeth first appears on the lists in 1794. This Elizabeth Starke does not fit as the widow of any other son of John3 Starke as his son Thomas had moved to Georgia by this time, his son John was still living, and his son Wyatt was living probably in Rockbridge Co VA.

"Hanover Co., Chancery Wills and Notes" by Cocke gives the will of Pettus Ragland written Dec. 1, 1806 and probated Jan. 28, 1807 Hanover Co., VA. One daughter was Ann, wife of Joseph Starke, and her children were John P. Starke, Elizabeth Ann Starke, and Wyatt Starke who was out of the state 20 years or more and not heard from. The name Wyatt Starke clearly places this family as a part of the family of John3 Starke. Joseph Starke was possibly married twice, or his wife was named Elizabeth Ann. The Hanover Co., VA, tax records clearly show that Joseph Starke did live in Hanover Co., in the 1780's and 1790's and must have died there. He has been confused with a Joseph Stark who lived in Henry Co., KY, by some researchers.

 

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 4

 

Author's H & J Genealogy  Closing Comments

The H & J genealogy reports tax records for Hanover County, Virginia clearly reporting a Joseph Starke was living in that place in 1782, 1783, ----, ----, ----, and 1788 thru 1796. They have very valid arguments suggesting this Joseph Starke was a son of Col. John Starke who married Anne Wyatt. Nelson Co., VA (before Kentucky was a State) has Tithable records that clearly report there was a Joseph Stark and John Stark reported on the Nelson County tithable list of David Cox in 1785. There was a James Stark and son, William, recorded on the tithable list of David Cox in 1786. Also reported on the 1786 Tithable List were John Stark and Joseph Stark, living next to each other, and living with or near them was Christopher Stark. They may have all been living on the same property where John and Joseph were recorded in 1785, being a large enough family group to provide each other with mutual protection against Indian attacks.

On the 1787 Nelson County Tithable List of James Rogers, were Daniel Stark and his son, Jonathan D. Stark. James Stark and Christopher Stark were on the 1787 tithable list of David Cox, his district approximately in the same location as the previous years, probably northern Nelson County and the southern part of present day Spencer County. Apparently, Joseph had moved further south, most likely down Froman Creek towards Bardstown, Nelson Co., KY. He appears on the 1787 tithable list of Gabriel Cox, his district located immediately north of Bardstown. From 1788 thru 1791, James, Daniel, Joseph, Christopher, and John Stark are reported on the tithable list of Joshua Hobbs, his district described as the same general area as that of David and Gabriel Cox.

H & J report a Joseph Starke on the 1788 through 1796 Taxpayers List for Hanover Co., VA. My Chapter 2 of this publication reports a Joseph Stark recorded on the Nelson Co., VA, (before Kentucky was a State) 1785 through 1791 tithable lists. This certainly suggests my Chapter 2 and the H & J Publication are discussing two different men with the given name Joseph.

Kentucky became a State on June 1, 1792. James Stark was a resident of Nelson County, appearing on the Nelson County tax list of Gabriel Cox in 1792 — the list compiled in November of 1792. Reported was James with 142 acres and one male over 21 living in the home. February 11, 1792, a bond was made in Nelson County for Jonathan J. Stark — son of James — to marry Rachel Stark (daughter of Daniel Stark). The consent of both fathers was required and a witness was Jonathan D. Stark; a brother of Rachel and son of Daniel Stark. Therefore, both of these families were still living in Nelson County as late as February of 1792.

Joseph Stark, Daniel Stark, and his son, Jacob, appear on the 1792 tax list of Shelby County. The 1794 Shelby County tax list of Thomas Shannon Esq. reveals Joseph Stark owned 398 acres on are near Elk Creek and a later deed reports this property had boundaries on Elk Creek and Wolf Creek — a tributary of Brashears Creek with a western branch that came near Elk Creek north of Taylorsville. This may have been where Joseph and Daniel moved and were later joined by James, Christopher, and John. Therefore. we now have reports which show Joseph Stark was living in Shelby Co., KY, in 1792, 1793, and 1794. H & J report a Hanover Co., VA, Taxpayer named Joseph Starke living in that County in the same years. The H & J records reported and my Chapter 2 records reported there was a man named Joseph Starke in Hanover Co., VA, at the same time there was a man named Joseph Stark living in Nelson County and Shelby County; regions that were part of Virginia before the region became the State of Kentucky in 1792. This suggests the two men could not have been the same person.

In the next section of this discussion, we shall show there is Genetic evidence that supports my conclusions and those of H & J. Genetically, Y-DNA Project members claiming they descend from Col. John Starke of Hanover County, Virginia, cannot be descendants of James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia, nor can they be descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] of New London County, Connecticut. We shall next discuss the Y-DNA comparisons of Members of the Project belonging to Groups 1, 2, and 4.

 

Stark Family Y-DNA Project: Genetic Review of Stark/Starke Families (Groups 1, 2, & 4)[See Note 1]

The Stark Family Y-DNA Project now has a little over 100 members who have now been tested. The discussion that follows reviews the results of Members of the Project belonging to Group 1, Group 2, and Group 4. Member selection to a specific group is based on their Y-DNA genetic comparisons to others. Genetic comparisons resulting in perfect to near perfect matches define a group genetically. There can be a secondary ordering of the members in a group based on the genealogical lineages submitted by the members of the project. Genetic matches can and do define the Group membership — independent of genealogical lineages submitted by members.

Members of Group 1 — based on the genetic matches and genealogies submitted — are descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] who arrived in New England between 1630 and 1637 and eventually settled in New London County, Connecticut. Members of Group 2 — based on the genetic matches and genealogies submitted — are descendants of Dr. Richard Starke [1668-1704] who lived in York County, Virginia; James Stark [1695-1754] who lived in Stafford County, Virginia; and Archibald Stark [1693-1758] who lived in New Hampshire. Archibald Stark was the father of General John Stark of Revolutionary War fame. Members of Group 4 — based on the genetic matches and genealogies submitted — are descendants of Col. John Starke [1715-1799] who lived in Hanover County, Virginia. He is reported to have married Anna Wyatt.

Haplogroups are major branches on the Y-chromosome tree. ["Haplo" comes from the Greek word for "single". ] All Haplogroups ultimately descend from a single male Y-chromosome that was carried by a male that lived in the distant past. As this Y-chromosome was passed from father to son, mutations accumulated along different lineages giving rise to a tree-like branching pattern. Geneticists can reconstruct this Y-chromosome tree by discovering and typing mutations in different male human populations. Haplogroups are assigned letters of the alphabet, and refinements consist of additional number and letter combinations. For example, a common Haplogroup among Stark Project Members is R1b1. "R" is the Haplogroup and "1b1" are additional number and letter combinations within the major Haplogroup "R" that are called Subclades.

All males living today descend from a single man who lived in Africa approximately 100 thousand years ago; and his male descendants living today have been assigned the letter "A" along with additional number and letter combinations (16 total have been identified). However, they have been confirmed to not have mutations placing them in later Haplogroups. As populations migrated to different parts of the world over time, mutations occurred leading to new Haplogroup branches. These later Haplogroups have been assigned the letters "B" through "T" — the letter order being the oldest branch to the most recent branch. Each of these branches will have refinements consisting of additional number and letter combinations as illustrated above in the R1b1 Haplogroup.

When we compare two individuals with the same surname belonging to different Haplogroups, say for example R and G, there will be zero probability they share a common male ancestor who lived after surnames were established — or after about the calendar year 1400. This particular comparison of members in Haplogroup R1b1 to members in Haplogroup G means the two independent Haplogroup branches have been genetically separate for about 40,000 years. The R mutation defining Members of this Haplogroup have a progenitor who lived many thousands of years in the past. The Progenitor of the G Haplogroup lived many thousands of years before the progenitor of the R mutations.

__________

1)

Click HERE to visit the Home Page of the Stark Family Y-DNA Project Administrators Web Site.

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 5

 

Project Members in Group 4 have all been confirmed to belong to Haplogroup G. Members of Groups 1 & 2 have all been confirmed to belong to Haplogroup R. Because the two branches are separated by many thousands of years, their first possible common male ancestor lived about 40,000 years ago according to geneticists. Therefore, Project Members in Group 4 cannot share Aaron Stark as a common ancestor in America with Members of Group 1; nor can they share John Muirhead alias Stark as a common ancestor who lived in Scotland in about 1480 with Members of Group 2.

Members of Group 1 have been confirmed to belong to Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1a. Members of Group 2 have been confirmed to belong to Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1b4. Observe the two Haplogroups differ in the last two number-letter combinations (Group 1 is 1a; while Group 2 is b4). This particular subclade difference results in a possible common male ancestor who lived about 2000 to 4000 years in the past. The following presents the lineages presented by Members of Group 4 and compares the Y-DNA Genetic results of Group 4 members to the most Common genetic results ( 37 marker Modal Haplotypes) of Members of Group 1 and Group 2.

 

 

  Group 4: Descendants of Col. John Starke b. 1715 VA - d. Nov 1799 Hanover Co, VAtstarkewill.jpg (700557 bytes)

The genealogy of #149455 has been confirmed to John Wyatt Starke [1796-?1860?] but the genealogical connection to Col. John Starke has not been found. There is some evidence Col. John Starke is a descendent of Thomas Starke [b. 1689 in Queen & King Co., VA]  and Wilmouthe Williams. The Jorgenson and Harris publication reports some of his descendants moved to Hanover Co., VA and others moved to Fairfield Co., SC. When all members of this group are compared to the modal Haplotype for Group 4, none tested over 37 markers has a Genetic Distance greater than 2, suggesting all those in Group 4 have a 99.4% probability they share a common ancestor within the last 20 generations (within genealogical time). Perhaps Thomas Starke, London Merchant, who left a will that was proved March 4, 1705/06 in Suffolk, England, could be their common ancestor. Col. John Starke married Ann Wyatt. Note #78032 has a son of Col. John Starke named Wyatt Starke and #149455 has a gg-grandfather named John Wyatt Starke. May 10, 1673, property was conveyed to a John Starke upon order of the General Court in a suit depending between said Stark and William Wyatt. Perhaps this connection to the surname "Wyatt" provides a connection to a common ancestor in London and not to the Scottish families in Group 2 who most likely descend from the Killermont Stark families. Click on the thumbnail document to see an enlargement of the Will of Thomas Starke, London Merchant. Use back button to return to Text. [Contributor: "Donna Stark" <donnaStarkKy@fewpb.net>] [Source: Withington, Lothrop, Virginia gleanings in England: abstracts of 17th and 18th-century English wills and administrations relating to Virginia and Virginians: a consolidation of articles from The Virginia magazine of history and biography, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980.]

#78032
Col. John Starke

b. 1715 (Hanover Co, VA) - d. Nov 1799 (VA)
Wyatt Starke

b. 19 Sep 1747 Hanover Co, VA – d. bef 11 Jul 1804 Kanawha Co, VA
John Dryden Starke

b. 06/27/1777 Charlotte Co, VA – d. 09/21/1833 Kanawha Co, VA
Milton Starke

b. 9 Sep 1805 – d. 14 Mar1886 (Otterville, Cooper Co, MO)
Creed Taylor Starke

b. 02/12/1843 Cooper Co, MO - d. 03/23/1920 Stafford Co, KS
James Alexander Starke

b. 08/13/1874 Cooper Co, MO – d. 10/15/ 1950 Stafford Co, KS

Father
#78032

#214358

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 Hanover Co, VA - d. Nov 1799 VA

Wyatt Starke;

b. 19 Sep 1747 Hanover Co, VA – d. bef 11 Jul 1804 Kanawha Co, VA

John Dryden Starke;

b. 6/27/1777 Charlotte Co, VA - d. 9/21/1833 Kanawha Co, VA

Allen Starke;

b. 08 Feb 1808 at VA - d. Unknown

Wyatt A. Starke;

b. May 1844 Cooper Co, MO - d. aft 1910 Wasco Co, OR

Charles Rufus Stark;

b. Aug 1874 Cooper Co., MO - d. 1910 Hood River Co, OR

James Wyatt Stark;

b. 27 Jun 1906 Oregon - d. 19 Apr 1971

Father

#214358

#89006

Col. John Starke

b. 1715 VA - d. Nov 1799 Hanover Co, VA

Maj. John Starke

b. 1742 Louisa Co, VA - d. ca 1827 Hanover Co, VA

Capt. John Starke

b. 1771 Hanover Co, VA - d. 1828

Rev. Joseph Starke b. 1799 nr Richmond, VA - d. 1853

John Kerr Starke

b. 1834 Liberty Hall Plantation VA nr Richmond - d. 1891 Hanover Co, VA

John William Starke

b. 1864 Liberty Hall Plantation VA nr Richmond - d. 1916

Father

#89006

#N47628
Col. John Starke

b 1715 (Hanover Co VA) - d Nov 1799 (Hanover Co, VA)
Maj. John Starke

b. Apr 27 1742 (Hanover Co, VA) - d. 1827 (Hanover Co, VA)
William Starke

b Feb 20 1786 (Hanover Co, VA) - d April 17 1831 (Hanover Co, VA)
Thomas Jefferson Starke

b Dec 02, 1817 (Richmond VA) - d Feb 23 1888 (Richmond VA)
Horace Melville Starke

b Mar 26 1860 (Richmond VA) - d June 7 1932
Thomas Jefferson Starke (II)

b Sept 25 1895 (Richmond VA) - d Feb 15 1961 (Richmond VA)

Father
#N47628

#149455

Genealogy incomplete to Col. John Starke

John Wyatt Stark

b. 2/15/1796 (Hanover Co., VA) - d. aft. 1860 (Hanover Co., VA)
Thomas Larkin Starke

b. 5/18/1824 (Hanover Co., VA) - d. 1/27/1879 (Chesterfield Co., VA)
William Edgar Starke

b. 3/31/1856 (Chesterfield Co., VA) - d.6/21/1932 (Prince George Co., VA)

Father

#149455

#149455 Note: In the genetic results that follow, #149455 and #89006 both have a mutation relative to the G4 Modal Haplotype at Marker 1 (DYS-393). Both have the value 13 at this marker and are a perfect match to each other at all of the other markers. Said differently, #149455 and #89006 are a perfect match to each other over all of the markers presented. The genealogy of #149455 is incomplete to Col. John Starke who married Anna Wyatt. His perfect genetic match relative to #89006 could suggest John Wyatt Stark was a son of Capt. John Starke and grandson of Col. John Starke who married Anna Wyatt. Additional genealogical research is needed to confirm this possibility.

 

Genetic Results Table Explanation

The  Genetic Results Table presents the allele values available over 37 DYS Markers for each of the members. A Group 4 Mutation occurs in a DYS Marker column when an allele value differs from the most common allele value in that column (excluding the allele values for Group 1 and Group 2 modals presented for comparison). For example, in Panel 1 (Markers 1 thru 12), all of the allele values in the Marker 2 (DYS-390) column are 22 — resulting in no observed mutations in this column for members of Group 4. However, in the Marker 1 (DYS-393) column, the allele value 14 occurs more often than the allele value 13. Therefore, Kit Numbers 89006 and 149455 — having the allele value 13 in the Marker 1 column — have their Marker 1 allele value highlighted in yellow; indicating they have a DYS-393 mutation relative to the more common allele value of 14. In the G1 and G2 Modal Haplotype rows, a cell differing from the G4 Modal Haplotype will have a yellow background cell to illustrate the large number of mutations. The Group 1 Modal matches at only 7 of the 37 markers  presented for the Group 4 Modal; while the Group 2 Modal matches at 10 of the 37 markers presented for the Group 4 Modal. The Genetic Distance between G1 and G4 is 37; while the Genetic Distance between G2 and G4 is 35. The Genetic Distance between G1 and G2 is 16; while they match at 19 of the 37 markers.

 

Group 4 Y-DNA Results Compared to Modal Haplotypes of Group 1 and Group 2

Panels Panel 1 (1-12)

Panel 2 (13-25)

Panel 3 (26-37)
Marker # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

K
I
T
#

H
a
p
l
o

3
9
3

3

9

0

1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

___

3
8
5
b

4
2
6

3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
-
1

3
9
2

3
8
9
-
2

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d

4
6
0

G
A
T
A
H
4

Y
C
A
I
I
a

Y
C
A
I
I
b

4
5
6

6
0
7

5
7
6

5
7
0

C
D
Y
a

C
D
Y
b

4
4
2

4
3
8

G4 Modal G 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
78032 G 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 13 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 38 11 10
214358 G 14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 12 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10

N47628

G

14 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 14 17 18 33 39 11 10
89006 G 13 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
149455 G 13 22 15 10 13 14 11 12 11 12 11 30 19 9 9 11 11 23 16 20 30 13 13 13 14 11 12 20 21 15 13 17 18 33 39 11 10
G1 Modal R1b1a2a1a1a 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
G2 Modal R1b1a2a1a1b4 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 13 15 17 17 11 10 19 23 15 15 18 18 36 36 12 12
 

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 6

 

Based on the above illustrated genetic differences, Project members separated into Groups 1, 2, & 4 cannot share a male ancestor in common after the birth of Christ. This conflicts with many of the past and present genealogies suggesting John Muirhead alias Stark was most likely an ancestor of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] and John Starke [1715-1799]. It does not conflict with Dr. Richard Starke, Archibald Stark, nor James Stark as being descendants of John Muirhead alias Stark. However, the genetic results and genealogical research have not been able to positively identify the common ancestor of these three men; but does support this common ancestor lived in Scotland, most likely near Glasgow. Let us now consider a Stark Project Y-DNA genetic test of a Male member in Group 1 (Kit #115456) named Stark who reports he is a descendant of Caleb Stark of Decatur County, Indiana.

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 7

 

Was Caleb Stark of Decatur County, Indiana, a son of Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky

Find A Grave Memorial #15079319 reports a Caleb Stark is buried in the Hebron Cemetery located in Adams, Decatur County, Indiana. The tombstone reports this Caleb was born July 9, 1793 and died February 25, 1876. No places of birth are reported. [See Note 1] There is a Kentucky marriage Record reporting a Caleb Stark married Anne Boone January 15, 1815 in Henry County, Kentucky. [2] The given names Caleb and Anne are the same as those in the 1850 Decatur County, Indiana Census and agrees with the Ira Stark genealogy. He also reported Caleb Stark married Anne Boone.

Ira established a line of descent from Joseph Stark (born in 1753) to his father, John Stark (born in 1697) who married Anne Wyatt. This John, according to his genealogy, was the son of John Stark (born in 1665 in Scotland) who was the grandson of Bishop John Stark of Killermont, who he reports was a descendant of the infamous John Muirhead alias Stark. Ira reported Joseph had children named: Reuben; Abner; Phillip, Caleb and Anne. Ira was a grandson of Caleb Stark and son of George F. Stark, who was a brother of the above L. J. Stark's great-grandfather, Bethuel Green Stark.

In the 1850 census for Decatur County, Indiana, Caleb was reported as Family #283. Reported as Family #375 was 61 year old Phillip Stark, born in Kentucky, most likely his wife, Elizabeth Stark, age 60, born in Virginia, and three children. There was a Caleb Stark living in Decatur County, Indiana in 1840 according to the census for that year. In his home were males as follows: Under 5: 2; 15 thru 19: 1; 20 thru 29: 1; and 40 thru 49: 1. Females in the home were: Under 5: 1; 5 thru 9: 1; 10 thru 14: 2; 15 thru 19: 1; and 40 thru 49: 1. Reported again in 1840 was Phillip Stark, reported to be a male in the 50 thru 59 age group. Also reported was Abner Stark, a male in the 50 thru 59 age group. In the 1830 census for Decatur Co., Indiana, Caleb Stark was reported in the 30 thru 39 age group. The only other Stark reported in 1830 was Phillip Stark in the 40 thru 49 age group.

 In the 1820 census for West Port, Henry County, Kentucky, we find Abner Stark (a male 45 yrs & over); Phillip Stark (a male 26 thru 44); Reuben Stark (a male 26 thru 44); and Caleb (a male 16 thru 25). In the Kentucky Marriages, 1802-1850 [database on-line] there was a marriage January 16, 1815 in Henry County, Kentucky between Anne Boone and Caleb Stark, most likely the same Caleb and Anna Stark reported living in Decatur County, Indiana in 1850. Observe in both Decatur and Henry County, these census records report a Phillip Stark living in the same places. Also we find an Abner Stark in these records. Can there be a connection to these given names in Henry County relative to Joseph Stark

The genealogy of Gwen Boyer Bjorkman has extensive notes for Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky, reporting a number of deed transactions in that County as follows.[3]

  1. Henry Co, KY DB 9:310: Abner Stark, Philip Stark and Caleb Stark "legatees of Joseph Stark, dec'd. all of Henry Co." to Reuben Stark. 141 and one fourth acres part of a 1,320 acre tract in the name of John Knight on the shores of Hawood's (Harrod's?) Creek. Dated 6 Aug 1821. Signed by Abner, Philip and Caleb Stark.

  2. Henry Co, KY DB 9:341: Abner Stark and Philip Stark and Caleb Stark "legatees of Joseph Stark, decd, all of the County of Henry" to Reuben Stark "legatees of the late Joseph Stark, decd" 199 and one half acres "including premises where Reuben now lives." Floyd's Fork. Dated 6 Aug 1821. Signed by Abner, Philip and Caleb Stark.

  3. Henry Co, KY DB 9:343: Reuben, Philip and Caleb Stark to Abner Stark, "All legatees of Joseph Stark, decd" 186 and one half acres Floyd's Fork. Dated 6 Aug 1821. Signed by Reuben, Philip and Caleb Stark.

  4. Henry Co, KY DB 9:363: Reuben, Abner and Philip Stark to Caleb Stark, "All legatees of Joseph Stark, decd," 132 acres Floyd's Ford. Dated 6 Aug 1821. Signed by Reuben, Abner and Philip Stark.

  5. Spencer Co, KY DB B:403: The heirs of Joseph Stark: Reuben Stark, Abner Stark, Phillip Stark, Caleb Stark, David Stark & Polly his wife, Samuel Hayes & Anna his wife (late Anna Starks) legal representatives of Joseph Stark ... dated 8 July 1830

The last document in Spencer County was most likely related to property in Shelby County near or on Elks Creek. In, I believe the year 1822, Shelby County was divided to create Spencer County. After the division, Elk Creek was located in Spencer County. The dates on these documents were the reason Ira G. Stark reported Joseph died in 1821.  His document connecting Rueben, Abner, Phillip and Caleb to Joseph Stark was the same as the first document reported by Gwen above, Henry Co., KY DB 9:310. On Pages 17 & 18 of Ira's Pamphlet, he has a complete transcription of an earlier deed naming Abner and Phillip Stark as witnesses to this transaction. This document was related to an 1806 purchase of property in Henry Co., KY from John Knight. Gwen has this summary: "Henry Co, KY DB 3:90. 27 Nov 1806: John Knight and Mary his wife of Shelby Co. sold to Joseph Stark of Henry Co., 335 acres on Floyd's Fork. Signed by John and Mary Knight. Wit: Jos. Winlock, Jonathan Stark, Abner Stark, Philip Stark." On pages 16 & 17, Ira G. Stark's pamphlet has a complete transcription of this deed made in 1806. The above 141 acres recorded in 1821 was a portion of this 335 acres. As in Gwen's summary, Ira reports another witness to the 1806 deed was Jonathan Stark, this Ira's only record in his pamphlet of another Stark living in Henry County other than Joseph's sons.

All though not known with certainty, the above 1821 documents may have been recorded when Joseph's wife, Hannah died. Ira evidently did not see the 1808 Henry Co., KY Court order dated January 19, 1808 reporting a Henry County resident named Joseph Stark was deceased. As reported in the above 1821 and 1830 documents, there is considerable documentation reporting there was a Joseph Stark who lived in Henry County, Kentucky, had sons named Reuben, Abner, Phillip, and Caleb. As reported in the above Joseph Stark Biography, he died in the year 1808, the source document recording his probable death in January of 1808 being the following;

 

Henry Co, KY Court Orders 3:1 At a Court held 19 Jan 1808 "Hannah Stark, widow and relict of Jos.Stark, dcd, came into court together with Richard Wells and Adam Mowrey, her securities, and entered and acknowledged bond in the penalty of L300 for a certificate of administration on the estate of the sd Joseph Stark is granted her in due form of law." The estate was inventoried and appraised and returned to court to be recorded 21 Mar 1808. Reub. Stark, Rhody McDowell, Ab. Stark, Polly Stark and Phil Stark are named on a list of property that has been advanced to a part of the Legatees.

 

This document recorded in Henry County, Kentucky January 19 1808, reports Hannah Stark was the widow of Joseph Stark who probably  died in early January of 1808. March 21, 1808, the court reported the estate was inventoried and appraised. Reuben Stark, Rhody McDowell, Abner Stark, Polly Stark, and Phil Stark were  —  named on a list of property that has been advanced to a part of the Legatees of Joseph. Apparently, Caleb Stark, born in 1793, and Anna Stark born in 1795, were minors when there Father died which prevented real property from being transferred to them in 1808 in their names. This would most likely be the reason they were not mentioned in this document. The phrase — named on a list of property that has been advanced to a part of the Legatees — suggests property was advanced to some of the Legatees, but not all who were to inherit portions of the property. Those not named most likely were to receive property at a later date when they came of age or when Hannah, wife of Joseph, died. Not mentioned in any of these deed transactions nor the 1808 document reporting the death of Joseph was Jonathan Stark who was a witness to the 1806 deed transaction reported above.

The above provides rather convincing evidence the Decatur County, Indiana, Stark families were most likely residents of Henry County, Kentucky before moving to Indiana. In particular, the evidence illustrates Caleb Stark of Indiana was most likely a son of Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky. Ira Stark reports Joseph died in 1821 — this date of death related to Bjorkman's first deed reported above which was completely transcribed by Ira.  Therefore, we have established Caleb Stark, great-great-grandfather of L. J. Stark, was most likely the son of Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky. However, as reported earlier, L. J. Stark cannot genetically be a descendant of John Stark of Hanover County, Virginia, who married Anna Wyatt. Further, Joseph cannot genetically be a descendant of Archibald Stark of New Hampshire, James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia, nor Dr. Richard Starke of York County, Virginia. Genetically,  L. J. Stark has to be a descendant of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] of New London County, Connecticut. That Joseph Stark of Henry Co., KY, was genealogically a descendant of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] of Connecticut, has been well documented in Chapter 1, Chapter 2, and Chapter 6 of this Volume 4 publication.

The following will summarize these previous pages showing Joseph Stark was associated with five other men in Kentucky with the surname Stark. Because a Jonathan Stark was a witness to the above mentioned Joseph Stark and John Knight 1806 deed transaction in Henry County, we begin the discussion by determining this Jonathan's identity.

__________

1)

Click HERE to visit the Find A Grave Web site and view Memorial #15079319.

2)

Source Information: Dodd, Jordan. Kentucky Marriages, 1802-1850 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997.
Original data: Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Kentucky.

3)

Click HERE to visit the Gwen Boyer Bjorkman's genealogy entitled: "Aaron Stark of Groton, CT Descendants."

   

 

 

 

  

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 8

 

Who Were the Other Stark Families Living in Henry County, Kentucky after 1799

Kentucky was declared a State June 1, 1792 and was no longer under the authority of the State of Virginia. Shortly after attaining statehood, the Kentucky General Assembly approved legislation (effective July 1, 1792) establishing Permanent Revenue. Tax rates were set and under this Act, the number of commissioners within a county was determined by the legislature. The commissioners were required to make alphabetical lists; the tax documents to be distributed to the commissioners by the last day of October (annually). [Source: Littell's Statute Law of Kentucky, Vol. I, Chapter X, pgs. 63-75, pub. 1809]

On June 1, 1799, Henry County began operation as a new County, created from the northern portion of Shelby County. Reported in Chapter 2, Page 32, beginning in 1800, the following men with the surname Stark appeared on the Henry County Tax Lists.

• Joseph Stark appeared in the record from 1800 through 1807. He apparently was deceased before the tax list was compiled in 1808, for his widow, Hannah, appears on the list in 1808 and again in 1809. There son Abner, achieving the age of 21 in 1805, is recorded through 1809. Reuben Stark was of age in 1803 and is reported every year through 1809. Another son, Philip appears in the record in 1809, suggesting this may have been the year he reached 21 years of age. Caleb would not have been 21 until 1814, the reason he would not appear in the records from 1800 to 1809.

• Christopher Stark is recorded as a resident of Henry County from 1800 through 1808. His spouse, Martha Vinyard, was probably deceased before June of 1798, having died in Shelby County. Christopher died in 1808 after the tax list was compiled; for on November 9, 1807, he passed his property to his sons Benjamin and Abraham. A son, Elisha, was reported in the 1805 and 1806 census, was absent or not reported in 1807, and appears in the record again in 1808. Stephen Vinyard Stark was first reported in 1809 and doesn’t appear in the record again.

• Daniel Stark was first reported as a resident of Henry County in 1800 and was on the tax list every year through 1809. His son, Abraham, appears with Daniel in the 1800 and 1801 record; is absent or not reported in 1802 and 1803; reappears in 1805; was again absent in 1803 through 1807; and was a resident again in 1808. Another son, Charles Stark, was reported as a resident in 1802, probably the year he reached the age of 21; and was reported every year after through 1809. Daniel Stark (Junior) was reported: 1800; 1801; ----; 1803; 1804; ----; ----; ----; 1808; being absent or not reported as shown. David Stark was reported: 1800; 1801; ----; 1803; 1804; 1805; 1806; 1807; 1808; 1809. Jacob Stark was reported: 1801; 1802; 1803; 1804; 1805; 1806; 1807; 1808. Jonathan D. Stark was reported: 1800; 1801; ----; 1803; 1804; ----; ----; ----; ----; ----.

• John Stark was living in Henry County in 1800 and reported as a resident through 1809. His son, Benjamin, was first reported in 1803; was absent or not reported in 1804; and was reported as a resident from 1805 through 1808.

• Jonathan J. Stark was a son of James Stark who moved with other family members to Henry County. He was first reported as a resident in 1800 and continued to be reported through 1806; was absent or not reported in 1807; and reappeared in 1808.

Clearly, there are five different Stark families living in Henry County from 1800 through 1809. Jonathan D. Stark, reported to be a son of Daniel Stark, was not reported in 1805, 1806, nor did he appear on the 1807 tax list as a resident of Henry County. However, Jonathan J. Stark's father, James Stark, — according to the tax list for Shelby County, Kentucky — continued to live in that place. Jonathan Stark — recorded as a witness to the 1806 Henry County Deed made between Joseph Stark and John Knight — was most likely Jonathan J. Stark, a son of James Stark who was recorded on the Henry County Tax list continuously from 1800 thru 1806. The deed date was November 27, 1806. To be on the Tax list, Jonathan would have been a resident on or before October of 1806, according to state law.

Having established Christopher Stark, Daniel Stark, John Stark, and Jonathan Stark, son of James Stark were living in Henry County after 1799, is there other evidence suggesting these men were living near Joseph Stark? In 1800, Joseph, Daniel, Christopher, and John were reported living on the patent of John Craig, located on Floyd's Fork. A later Henry County deed, recorded January 10, 1808, further suggests all of these men were living in approximately the same location near or on Floyd's Fork.

"10 Jan 1808 Charles Lynch to Daniel Smith for $400 … land in Henry Co. on the waters of Floyds Fork 146 1/2a part of a 1350a patented to Dr. John Knight bounded as follows …corner to John Stark … with Daniel Stark's line … corner to Joseph Stark … Jno Starks corner … Signed by Chs. Lynch by Wm. Taylor atto. in fact for sd Lynch … Ack by Will Taylor attorney in fact for Charles Lynch …" [Source: 1808 Henry County, Kentucky; Deed Book 3, page 474] 

 We have now established, as recorded in the Kentucky records, there were other Stark families living in Henry County. Ira Stark does not mention these men in his Genealogy nor does he report they were sons of John Stark who married Anne Wyatt. Are there genetic comparisons to L. J. Stark suggesting he could share a common ancestor with descendants of the above Christopher Stark, Daniel Stark, John Stark, and Jonathan Stark, son of James Stark? Page v of the Volume 4 Preface has genetic results and the genealogical lineage of Members of the Stark Family Y-DNA Project belonging to Group1, all claiming a Jonathan Stark who married Stark Lacock was their common ancestor. On the next page, descendants of five sons of Jonathan are named: James Stark [1741-1821] (3 descendants); Daniel Stark [1746-1810] (4 descendants); Christopher Stark [1747-1807] (1 descendant); John Stark [1756-1841] (1 descendant); and Joseph Stark [1746-1808] (1 descendant). Jonathan J. Stark [1778-1850], son of James Stark, has three descendants Y-DNA tested.

 

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 9

 

Were the Above Stark Men Reported Living In Henry County genetically Related?

While there has been considerable speculation on the ancestry of the Kentucky Stark brothers, no conclusive genealogical evidence had been found that substantiated their origins. Taken together, however, each of the genealogical researchers, mentioned in the Volume 4 Preface, have evidence that suggests the brothers; (1) arrived in Kentucky from Washington County, Pennsylvania; and (2) most likely were living in Virginia before the move to Pennsylvania. The H & J researchers who compiled and published "James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia and his Descendants," suggested the brothers could have been descendants of one Jonathan Stark — reported in the Sussex Co., New Jersey Probate Records of 1765.

On Jan. 20, 1765 the administration of the estate of Jonathan Stark of Hardwick Sussex Co. NJ was recorded. Jonathan Stark had been a wheelwright and died intestate. The administrators were Sarah Stark (widow) and James Stark. The fellow bondsman was Joseph Lacock. Also in Sussex Co. NJ is the will of Joseph Lacock dated Aug. 27, 1760. He mentions a wife (not named) and children John, Nathan, Joseph, Sarah, Elizabeth, Henry, and William. The executors were sons Joseph and William and the witnesses were Edward Pigot, Jeames Stark, and Henry Corsley. A fellow bondsman, most times, was either a relative or a very close friend. Even though Joseph Lacock named a daughter Sarah in his will, her surname (either Lacock or a married name) was not mentioned. That Joseph Lacock had adult children at the time of his death in 1760 is evident as he named sons Joseph and William as executors. It is not known if the James Stark who was the administrator of the estate of Jonathan Stark in 1765 is the same person as the James Stark who witnessed the will of Joseph Laycock in 1760. [H & J comments, page 1270, Volume 1]

Assuming James Stark mentioned in the two Wills was the same person and was also the above Stark brother with the given name James — could Jonathan Stark of Sussex County and Jonathan Stark of Groton be the same person? The genetic analysis certainly validates — within a reasonable probability range — that descendants of the brothers share Aaron Stark as a common ancestor with others in different genealogical branches who are known descendants of Aaron. Given the genetic evidence; there is a genealogical line of descent connecting these brothers to Aaron. [See the Genetic Tables below presented after the Author's Conclusions.

 

The Author's Conclusions

Based on the evidence herein reported, the Author  presents the following conclusions:

 

bullet

L. J. Stark, Kit #115456, recorded in the genetic results that follow, was a great-great-grandson of Caleb Stark of Decatur County, Indiana.

bullet

Caleb Stark was a son of Joseph Stark (born before 1846, died in January of 1808) of Henry County, Kentucky.

bullet

The genetic comparisons of L. J. Stark to descendants of John Stark and Anne Wyatt — clearly provides genetic evidence L. J. Stark cannot be a descendant of this John Stark named in the Ira G. Stark pamphlet as the father of Joseph Stark of Henry County, Kentucky.

bullet

The genetic comparisons of L. J. Stark to descendants of James Stark of Stafford County, Virginia — clearly provides genetic evidence L. J. Stark cannot be related to descendants of John Muirhead alias Stark as presented in the Ira G. Stark pamphlet.

bullet

Henry County, Kentucky, genealogical records have shown there were other Stark families living in Henry County. The above has provided genealogical evidence there were Stark families in Joseph's generation living in Henry County named: Christopher, Daniel, John, and a son of  James Stark  named Jonathan J. Stark. Other than the name Jonathan Stark recorded in a deed transaction between Joseph Stark and John Knight in 1806 —  the Ira G. Stark pamphlet does not report the existence of any other Stark families living in Henry County; nor does he name these men as sons of John Stark of Hanover County, Virginia.

bullet

The lack of genetic differences observed between descendants of sons of Jonathan Stark [1712-1764] who married Sarah Lacock and known descendants of Aaron Stark — provides authentication these men were descendants of Jonathan and also descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] as well.

 

While there will be many who will continue to be skeptical, I urge you to visit Volume 4, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, both Chapters having considerable genealogical evidence Jonathan Stark, who married Sarah Lacock, was a great-grandson of Aaron Stark [1608-1685] and the father of the men presented above living in Henry County, Kentucky.

______________________________________________________________

 

Chapter 6 Appendix

Page 10

 

Lineage of DNA Tested Descendants of Jonathan Stark [1712-1764]

The Genealogical Table shows the direct male line from each member known to be a descendant of Jonathan Stark, the first common ancestor of all of these participants. Genetic comparisons to individuals in other branches reveal each are related and share  Aaron Stark [1608-1685], as a common ancestor.

ID

Panels

Mismatches

Gen 0 Gen 1 Gen 2 Gen 3 Gen 4 Gen 5 Gen 6 Gen 7 Gen 8 Gen 9 Gen 10 Gen 11 Gen 12
A

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

----- ----- 76234 Father

Samuel G.

1888-1967

James M.

1824-1905

Moses

1793-1860

Jonathan J.

1778-1850

James 

1741-1821

Jonathan

1712-1764

William Jr.

1690-1736

William Sr.

1664-1730

Aaron I

1608-1685

B

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

98044 Father

John E.

1904-1971

George H.

1882-1948

Samuel R.

1858-1911

Thompson

1827-????

C

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(1)/(0)

----- ----- 78077 Father

William F.

1848-1929

Carroll B.

1821-1891

Enoch

1794-1864

D

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

----- 48711 Father

William A.

1905-1959

Jona' E.

1882-1935

Simeon E.

1858-1893

Elisha S.

1811-1870

Abraham

1781-1857

Daniel

1746-1810

E

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(1)

----- 119763 Father

Max W.

1896-1971

William H.

1855-1917

Simeon S.

1822-1893

Jesse A.

1802-1877

E1

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

  165568 Father

James V.

1871-1924

James A.

1849-1933

F

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(0)/(0)

----- 9Z5ZG Father

Robert L.

1897-????

Walter

1871-1898

Rice A.

1821-1900

William

1804-1879

G

P1/P2

(0)/(0)

----- ----- 16335 Father

Elmore M.

1892-1979

Israel M.

1857-1936

Jona' A.

1815-1880

Jona' D.

1768-1828

H

P1/P2/P3

(0)/(0)/(0)

----- 80860 Father

John Harold

1907-1956

Marion G.

1868-1918

John Henry

1832-1915

Christopher

1802-1862

James V.

1773-1853

Christopher

1747-1807

I

P1/P2

(0)/(0)

----- ----- 74961 Father

Wesley

1894-1951

John W.

1844-1894

John A.

1811-1874

Benjamin

1783-1831

John

1756-1841

J

P1/P2/P3

(1)/(0)/(0)

----- ----- ----- 115456 Father

Harry L.

1879-1968

Bethuel G.

1840-1908

Caleb

1793-1876

Joseph

1746-1807

Genetic Results Table

 

Panel 1 (1-12) Haplotype

Panel 2 (13-25) Haplotype

Panel 3 (26-37) Haplotype
Marker #

----> 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

Common

Ancestor

Sons of

Aaron I

Kit #

3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9

3
8
9
-
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
-
2
4
5
8

4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d

4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6

6
0
7
5
7
6

5
7
0

C
D
Y
a

C
D
Y
b

4
4
2

4
3
8

Ancestral  

Haplotype

(Aaron I)

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
A

76234

13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
B 98044 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
C 78077 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 30 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
D 48711 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 37 38 12 12
E 119763 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 35 38 12 12
E1 165568 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
1F 9Z5ZG 12 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 - - - - - 12 12
G 16335 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                        
H 80860 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12
I 74961 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17                        
J 115456 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 19 29 15 15 16 17 11 11 19 22 16 16 17 17 36 38 12 12

1)

9Z5ZG (F) was Tested by Sorenson Molecular Genetics Foundation. The white background cells in Panel 3 indicate these markers were not available for comparison to the FTDNA markers.

Genetic Results Table Explanation

The  Genetic Results Table presents the allele values available over 37 DYS Markers for each of the members. Cells in the first two columns identify the participant and correspond to the same letters and ID numbers in the Genealogy Table. A Mutation occurs in a DYS Marker column when an allele value differs from the most common allele value in that column (excluding the ancestral haplotype allele values). For example, in Panel 1 (Markers 1 thru 12), all of the allele values in the Marker 2 (DYS-390) column are 24 — resulting in no observed mutations in this column. However, in the Marker 1 (DYS-393) column, the allele value 13 occurs more often than the allele value 12. Therefore, Member F — having the allele value 12 in the Marker 1 column — has his Marker 1 allele value highlighted in yellow; indicating he has a DYS-393 mutation relative to the more common allele value of 13. By observation, notice A, B, E1, and H all agree with the Ancestral Haplotype; that is, they have no mutations over the 37 markers. Aaron Stark [1608-1685] most likely had the same values at these markers — passed unchanged through the generations to these participants.

 

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Copyright

Other than that work created by other acknowledged contributors or sources, the articles presented were authored and edited by Clovis LaFleur and the genealogical data presented in this publication was derived and compiled by  Pauline Stark Moore; Copyright © 2003. All rights are reserved. The use of any material on these pages by others will be discouraged if the named contributors, sources, or Clovis LaFleur & Pauline Stark Moore have not been acknowledged.

Disclaimer

This publication and the data presented is the work of Clovis LaFleur & Pauline Stark Moore. However, some of the content presented has been derived from the research and publicly available information of others and may not have been verified. You are responsible for the validation of all data and sources reported and should not presume the material presented is correct or complete.

 

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