The Stark, Hawley, Donaho, Larimore,
Dougharty, and Carraway
Copyright © 1996, Neal Lowe; See Copyright Notice
publication was prepared by Neal Lowe, grandson of Caroline
Stark. He and his wife, Helen, are residents of Amarillo, Texas. The research data they
found in Louisiana has been essential to connecting the Texas Stark family to Asahel
Stark in New York.
My grandmother, Carolyn C. (Carrie) Stark Lowe was descended from the Starks,
Hawleys, Donahos, Larimores, Doughartys. and Carraways. The Starks and Hawleys
came into New England about 1630; the other families came into South Carolina
Stark means strong in the old English (Saxon). An old story tells of a man
named John saving King James of Scotland from a wild ox by wrestling it to the
ground and being given the name John Stark. I have no idea if we are descended
from this John Stark, but Stark is an old name in Scotland. I am convinced that
we are not descended from General John Stark of the battles of Bunker Hill and
Bennington during the Revolution. Whether we are related to him, I don't know. [Editor's
Note: Recent Y-DNA evidence has confirmed Neal's
comments we are not descendants of General Stark. Additional DNA
evidence suggests Aaron origins were actually English, not
Scottish. See the articles entitled; "Genetic Genealogy Analysis Descendants of Aaron Stark [1608-1685]"
and "Aaron Stark's
(1608-1685) Ancestral Roots; A Theory."]
Aaron Stark was in John Mason's Militia Unit from Windsor, Connecticut, in
the Pequot Indian War of 1637. Windsor had been settled in 1636 by a group from
Dorchester, Mass. Aaron eventually settled in New London, Connecticut. His
children and grandchildren generally stayed in that area and his son, William,
helped start the first Baptist church in Connecticut. William's son,
Christopher, bought one whole share of the Susquehanna Purchase. This was in the
Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania (near present day Wilkes-Barre. PA). A group from
Pennsylvania also claimed this area and settlement proved difficult. A large
number of the Connecticut families, including the Starks, moved to Dutchess
County, N.Y. as a staging area to the Wyoming Valley. Finally, in 1772,
Christopher Stark and his sons Aaron, James, William and Daniel moved to the
Wyoming Valley and established homesteads. Christopher's son, Christopher, Jr.,
stayed in Dutchess County, N.Y.. In July, 1778, Colonel John Butler's Tories and
Indian Allies attacked the settlers in the Wyoming Valley. Aaron and Daniel
Stark were killed in the massacre. James had died the year before of small-pox
while in Militia service and Christopher, Sr. had died of old age before the
massacre. William Stark and his family escaped back to Dutchess County, N.Y.
During the Revolutionary War Christopher Stark, Jr. and three of his sons
showed up in Militia and Line units from Albany County, New York. A large number
of families from Dutchess County moved North after New York City was captured by
the British. Two of the sons, Asahel and William, were in the first Federal
Census (1790) at Pittstown, Albany, New York. By 1800 Asahel had moved west to
Onondaga County, New York buying 500 acres in Cicero Township in 1802. About
1807 Asahel's son, Daniel R. Stark, married Nancy Hawley, daughter of Samuel
Hawley of Western Massachusetts. In 1809 Daniel R. bought land from the Holland
land company in Genesee County, New York and by 1810 his father, Asahel, was
living there also.
During the war of 1812, Asahel's son John was in the 44th Regiment, Regular
Army, with Andrew Jackson in Alabama, Florida and the Battle of New Orleans. He
got land in Louisiana for his service and by 1817 he and four of his brothers
(William, Christopher, Samuel, Daniel R.) were living in West Baron Rouge
Parish, Louisiana. About this same time Asahel and the rest of the family (wife
Sarah, sons Archibald, Asaiah, daughters Sarah, Mary and Desire) moved to
Washington County, Indiana.
In June 1820, Daniel R. Stark died in West Baron Rouge Parish, Louisiana
leaving Nancy and five small children (William H., Sarah Mariah, Esahl, Prudence
and Amanda). Apparently Nancy married a man named McGowan, but by 1826 she was
living in New Albany, Indiana with her father Samuel Hawley. I lose track of
Nancy about here, but her daughter Sarah Mariah Stark married John T. Lewis at
Ouachita Parish, Louisiana in December 1828. John T. Lewis and Nancy's oldest
son, William H. Stark, got land on Bayou Macon in Carroll Parish, Louisiana (in
the north east corner of Louisiana, formed out of Ouachita Pariah) and Samuel
Hawley died there in 1835. I suspect that Nancy Hawley Stark McGowan Hardin was
in this area also, but have no record of it.
About 1835, William H. Stark and John T. Lewis showed up in what is now
Newton County, Texas. William H. got a league and labor of land (about 4600
acres) from the Mexican government. By 1837, Nancy (married to Enos Hardin) and
her second son, Asa L. Stark, are there also. In his father's probate and his
grandfather's Revolutionary War Pension Application, Nancy's second son is given
as Esahl and Asahel. From the time he shows up in Texas throughout the rest of
his life he always signs his name as Asa L. I think that he got tired of trying
to spell Asahel for people and changed his name a little. There is no doubt that
it is the same person.
William H. Stark (Uncle Billy) started the town of Belgrade on his league of
land and supposedly pulled the snags from the Sabine River so that steamboats
could come up the river to Belgrade. Asa L. got 1200 acres or on the river north
of William H's league. He later sold his land to William H. so I'm not sure who
started the ferry across the Sabine. It operated from Stark's Ferry Landing on
Asa L.'s land near the present town of Bon Weir, Texas.
Asa L. Stark married Matilda Donaho about 1841. Her family operated the
Donaho Ferry across the Sabine in the south part of Newton County. From
1849-1852 they lived in Jefferson County (present Orange County, Texas). Enos
Hardin had died and Asa L.'s mother, Nancy, was living with them. Asa L. was a
constable in Jefferson County and a member of the Masonic Lodge there. He
registered a cattle brand there. In 1853 Asa L. moved back to Newton County and
lived there until after the Civil War.
All of the Stark boys who were of age served in the Civil War. William H.'s
three oldest sons, Daniel L., Samuel H., and James T.; Asa L.'s son-in-law
Phillip Dempsey and son Daniel D. Stark all served. Asa L.'s Son-in-law and
William H's sons Samuel H. and James T. were killed in the war. Samuel H. left a
widow, Julia Dougharty Stark, and three small children. After the war, Asa L.'s
son Daniel D. married Samuel H.'s widow Julia. They were the parents of our
grandmother, Carolyn C. (Carrie) Stark.
Three brothers and two sisters Hawley came to Boston, Massachusetts from
Parwich, Derbyshire, England about 1630. The Hawley' s had come to England with
William in 1066. The middle brother, Thomas, settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts.
His son. Joseph, migrated to Northampton in western Massachusetts and one of
Joseph's great grandsons, Samuel Hawley, was living in West Stockbridge,
Massachusetts, when he enlisted in Colonel Putnam's Regiment of the
Massachusetts Continental Line during the revolution. He apparently spent most
of his enlistment at West Point on the Hudson building boats. His occupation at
enlistment was listed as "bloomer". This was some sort of iron worker.
He was discharged in New York in January 1784. I don't know his wife's name. His
daughter, Nancy, was born in New York about 1787. He is listed in Hoosicktown,
Albany County, N.Y. Census in 1790 with two females in his household. By 1800 he
was back in West Stockbridge, Mass. with just him and two females in his house.
Samuel Hawley's daughter, Nancy, married Daniel R. Stark about 1807, probably
in Onondaga County, New York. The Starks were living there then and Samuel
Hawley is listed there in the 1810 Census. I have not found any other children
for Samuel Hawley. In his later years, he was always found near Nancy.
Daniel Donaho and Nancy Larimore, both of South Carolina, married about 1807
and moved to Mississippi with several of Daniel's brothers. In the early 1820's
Daniel and Nancy moved to Northeast Louisiana.
Donaho, son of Daniel Donaho and Nancy Larimore, married Ann Lewis, the
sister of John T. Lewis who married Sarah Mariah Stark. By 1835 Daniel and Nancy
Donaho were in the Mexican State of Texas and are in the Mexican Census of that
year. Perhaps, the Texas Revolution was too much for them, or for whatever
reason, they moved back to Louisiana and were in the Census for Calcasieu
Parish, Louisiana in 1840.
Daniel and Nancy's daughter, Matilda, married Asa L. Stark about 1841 and by
1843 Daniel and Nancy Donaho had moved to what is now Newton County, Texas. Asa
L. Stark and Matilda Donaho were the parents of Daniel Donaho Stark, the father
of Carolyn (Carrie) Stark. Notice that both of Daniel D. Stark's grandfather's
were Daniel and both grandmother's were Nancy.
The O'Dougharty's were the traditional Clan Ruler's at Inishowen on the
northern tip of Ireland. They were the last native Irish to revolt against
English rule in Northern Ireland. After they were defeated, their lands were
parceled out to colonists from Scotland and England.
George Dougharty was born about 1784 in South Carolina. I don't know who his
parents were. There are conflicting reconstructions of his family that need to
be sorted out. What is clear is that he arrived at Natchez, Mississippi about
1810 and married Elizabeth Sojourner there in 1811. George was a land surveyor
and in 1820 was appointed the County surveyor for Adams County, Mississippi. He
apparently taught Sunday School at the Methodist Church in Kingston,
Mississippi. He was an ensign in the Mississippi Militia during the Creek Indian
War. George and Elizabeth had 12 children and Elizabeth died about 1832. In
1834, George married a widow, Courtney Ann Carraway Ford, and they moved to
Feliciana Parish, Louisiana and had three children, Marshall Joseph, Amanda
Katherine, and Julia Cassandra.
By 1843 George and Courtney Ann were in Jasper County, Republic of Texas.
When Texas organized as a state of the United States in 1846, Jasper County was
split with the eastern half becoming Newton County. The first County Clerk in
Newton County was George Dougharty. One of his assigned chores (in addition to
furnishing a table and chairs for the County Court) was to mark the line between
Jasper and Newton Counties.
Courtney died in 1853 and George married the widow Harriet Hall. She died in
1854. In May of 1855 George (age 72 by now) and his grandson Charles Bowmen were
hauling logs on an ox cart "by Wilson Wood's place". George stopped to
open a gate and was gored by one of the oxen. His 11 year old grandson pulled
enough logs from the wagon to cover George and ran for help. George died from
this injury. The inventory of his estate included (besides his surveying tools
and maps) four boxes of books, including Josephus and Cicero. I have seen
examples of his surveying work and he had a beautiful script and signature.
George and Courtney's daughter, Julia C.
Dougharty, first married Samuel H.
Stark. After he was killed in the Civil war, she married his first cousin,
Daniel D. Stark. Carolyn (Carrie) Stark was the daughter of Daniel D. Stark and
Julia Cassandra Dougharty.
Reconstruction must have been hard in Newton County, Texas. Asa L. Start,
Daniel D. Stark and two of Julia's brothers moved to Limestone County, Texas (Mexia,
the County seat) by 1870. One story in the family says that Asa L. Stark was
killed there by a stepdaughter's husband who wanted to get his land.
Daniel D. and Julia moved on to Johnson County, Texas by the early 1880's.
While living there, their daughter, Carrie, married a young widower Methodist
preacher named Samuel Warren Lowe. Samuel W. was born in Georgia but followed
his older brother, Thomas Anderson Lowe, to Johnson County, Texas about 1884.
Daniel D. Stark was a carpenter as were two of his sons (Frank and
eventually settled at Ardmore, Oklahoma. I remember Uncles Frank and Sim
visiting Grandmother Carrie at Jacksonville in the early thirties. My sister,
Pauline, says that she remembers Grandfather Daniel D. visiting on the farm near
Jacksonville and going with her to the mailbox. He died in December 1927 and is
buried at Ardmore.
In all of the early records Carrie's name is given as Carolyn C. Stark. Her
mother's middle name was Cassandra and I suspect that is what the C. stands for.
Her mother's middle name was Cassandra and I suspect that is what the C. stands
for. From teenage on she was called Carrie (perhaps from childhood). Her
marriage license and obituary say "Carrie". There is no doubt that
Carolyn C. and Carrie are the same person.
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