Catherine Harness wife of Jacob
of Monroe County, Illinois
Jacob Clover married Catherine
Harness. The following is a
synopsis of her family. It is not intended to be complete.
It is simply what I have accidentally collected while
On this page:
Excerpt from the Harness
Excerpt from Early
Records, Hampshire County,
Virginia, Now West Virginia
[Will of Michael Harness, and
early tax records.]
Item from the Hammes papers in
which Jacob Harness lists the heirs of Leonard Harness.
Excerpt from Early
Excerpt from Illinois, Historical and Statistical
Excerpt from Hampshire and Hardy Counties, (W) VA Abstracts
Group Sheet for Leonard Harness Family
Harness Family History
Duncan Harness, Harness Family
History, (Bel Air, Maryland: H.D, Harness,
1983). This book is available
through any LDS Family History Center on microfiche set no. 6089057
Thanks to Pat Vaseska for typing this up for me. This is just
few pages from this fascinating book. According to the book,
Leonard's father provided supplies for the American Revolution.
Therefore this would be a DAR/SAR line. That probably
explains why everyone has assumed that all unknown wives of Clovers in
the area were daughters of Leonard. In fact, the only Clover
married to a Harness was Jacob.
Leonard Harness Family
dates of the birth, marriage,
and exact date of Leonard’s death are not known.
The first date in his estate record is 4 July 1808. The same is
true for his
wife and children. Such
records were not required to be
recorded as they lived in a wilderness area.
Such events were usually recorded in the family Bible. They owned a Dutch Bible.
It was purchased by Jacob,
one of the sons,
when Leonard’s estate was settled.
if it exists today, it is not known who has it.
We do not know for sure who Leonard’s wife was. Mrs. Black’s
letter states “and Leonard
married a Hatch and went to IL.”
record could be found of any Hatch’s in that area.
However, there were Heaths.
Some, if not all, were of Dutch (Holland) descent.
Land records also did not
provide a clue as
to her identity. It
is the belief of
some genealogists that she was Rachel Catherine
The 1790 Census of Virginia was
destroyed, but one was reconstructed from the 1782 and 1784 tax lists. Leonard Harness was one of
those listed for
Hampshire Co. The
1782 list shows him
as having six whites and no blacks.
1784 list shows him twice. The
listing shows seven whites, one dwelling, and no other building. The other shows seven
whites one dwelling,
and one other building. The
listing for 1784 was probably the result of him owning more than one
reveal that he owned two
parcels on Looney’s Creek and one on the South Branch of the
Potomac in the
vicinity of Petersburg, W.V., which is approximately seven miles from
Leonard’s land holdings
and home could not be pinpointed.
payroll of Stephen Ashby’s
Company of Rangers included Leonard Harness; Source- the Records of
Service, Dunmore’s War (1774), Executive Dept. Romney Payroll. This company of Rangers
was not paid for
their 1774 service until October 1775.
Leonard served eight days and received 0:12:0, which was
for his eight days of service.
Since Leonard’s family
of seven whites in the 1784 tax list, that would mean he had five
of that time. Tradition
has it that one
of his daughters was killed while she was visiting Conrad
Harness’s family when
they were killed by Indians. Conrad,
brother of Leonard, and his family were killed about 1765 as his estate
inventoried in 1765. This
not have been one on the 1784 tax list.
Polly and Joseph were born after the family’s
arrival in the Illinois
believed Leonard and family
left the South Branch area about 1785/1786 and arrived in Illinois
Virginia about 1786, which later became The Territory of the Northwest
then Illinois Territory before becoming the State of Illinois. The exact route they took
is not known. They
probably went down the Ohio to the
Mississippi by flat-boat then north up the Mississippi River to
Landing Station or some other landing station near Cahokia, where there
French settlement. Leonard’s
located in the area which is now southwest of Columbia and northwest of
Hanover, Illinois. When
he claimed the land,
it was in L’Aigle Township, St. Clair Co., Illinois.
This land was located in
the Mississippi bottoms. Dimpsey
transferred 400 acres, 57 perches (1
perch = 16.5 feet), to Leonard Harnish (Harness),
6 April 1793 and Robert Creighton sold Leonard Harnish
372 acres, 17 perches, 28 November 1798 and Leonard had 100 acres, 118
granted him as a militia man (Perrin Collection: Register of Land
lands are now in Monroe
County, IL and are described as: Claim 571, Survey 434,
West part of section 19, T 1 S, R 10 W and
east part of section 24, T 1 S, R 11 W which contains 372 acres 17
Claim 572, Survey 410 – Northeast corner of Section 1, T 2 S,
R 11 W and
Northwest corner of Section 6, T 2, R 10 W which contains 400 acres, 57
location of the militia
land grant was not found.
was sold by Leonard Harness to John Singleton for $60.00 on 28 Dec.
1804. He obtained
this land as the result of his
service with the militia of Prairie DuPont, County of St. Clair, IL and
shown on their roll, dated 1 Aug. 1790, as having served during the
– 1790. A
copy of Claim 572, Survey 410
for 400 acres, 57 perches was obtained.
It was registered 13 Feb. 1799 and recorded 13 Dec. 1804.
On 23 May 1790 a petition was
drawn up and signed by 46 men, one being Lenard Harnes (Leonard
petition was to Arthur St. Clair,
Governor and Commander in Chief of the Territory of the U. S. Northwest
Ohio River advising him that the American settlers near the Mississippi
deplorable circumstances. They
that those who came to the country and improved the land since the year
confirmed in a right of pre-emption of their improvements.
The probate papers of Leonard
Harness were found after a long search.
When index cards were prepared and microfilms made of the
papers, by W.P.A.
personnel at the St. Clair County Court House, the name Leonard Harnis
probate papers was difficult to read.
It is evident though that the probate papers are those of
his surname is
spelled three different ways; no doubt by different people. These papers show William
Clover was given
Letters of Administration on 4 July 1808.
Therefore, Leonard died prior to that date.
They also show that the
scale of his personal possessions, after
payment of debts, resulted in an estate of $1,091.93 and was divided
among his children who were as follows; Catherine, Elizabeth, Dorothy,
Sally, Polly and Joseph. It
they were listed in the order of their birth as Polly and Jacob were
William Clover was their guardian per probate papers.
Disposition of the land was by indenture made by Wm. And
(Harness) Null. Mrs.
Kimmswick, MO is supposed to have a document to this effect according
paper from Mrs. Waite.
Harness and his family
were considered to be among the early American settlers of St. Clair
prior to the formation of Monroe County, IL in 1816.
Of course, by that time, Leonard and his wife were
probably most of his children had grown up and moved elsewhere. Some had moved to
Jefferson County, Missouri
and prior to 1819 Joseph had migrated to Bond County, Illinois.
Records of Hampshire
Clara McCormack Sage and Laura Sage Jones, compilers, Early Records, Hampshire County,
Virginia, Now West Virginia
, (Baltimore, Maryland:
Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969), 117.
Harness (or Herness), Michael of South Branch, 1779; Probate 8 March
1785. Wife: Elizabeth. Nine children: 1-Jacob, youngest son, 2-John,
3-George, 4- Leonard, 5-Peter, 6-Elizabeth Yoakum, 7-Barbara Zee,
8-Dorothy Hornbeck, 9-Margaret Trumbo; grandson, Michael, and sister;
granddaughter, Elizabeth Robinson, sister of above Michael Harness;
granddaughter, Barbara Zee. Executor: John Harness and son in law,
Samuel Hornbeck. Sec. Dan Tieverbaugh, Witness, Anthon Baker, Joseph
Petty, and Jacob Yoakum. The above will was filed under
“E,” but think from the body of the will, that it
The last sentence was added to the abstract. No further
explanation was given. I suggest getting a copy of the
as some of these names are difficult.
“State Census of Hampshire County, Virginia, 1782 and 1784"
92: This is a combined listing of the tax lists from 1782 and 1784. The
initials after the name refer to the initials of the
Two individuals with the same initials after their names would live
near each other.
1782 tax list numbers indicate free whites, sl is number of
slaves. In the 1784 tax list, the first figure is free
the second, dwellings, the third, other buildings.
I suggest that interested parties should
check the original tax lists.
Adam Harness (WB)
gone in 84
George Harness (AR)
Leonard Harness (MS)
Leonard Harness (not in
Michael Harness Sr (AR)
Michael Harness Jr (AR)
From the Hammes Papers:
Volume B page 8: 8
February 1821 Jacob
Harness, late of Jefferson County, Missouri, now of Monroe County,
Illinois to the heirs of William Clover, deceased, late of Monroe
County, Illinois. Jacob witnesses that Leonard Harness, deceased, late
of St Clair County, Illinois, died seized of land known as the
unimproved claim of Leonard Harness, 571, survey 434 containing 400
acres in Township 1 South of Range number 10 and Eleven West. The heirs
and children of Leonard Harness were Jacob Harness, Joseph Harness,
Dorothy Harness, Catherine Harness, Sarah Harness, Mary Harness, and
Elizabeth Harness. Jacob was deeding one undivided seventh
of the land.
Edward G. Mason, Early Illinois,
(Chicago: Fergus Print. Co., 1890)
an odd little book which lists the early militia in what was St. Clair
County before 1800. This is important because it is the first
proof that I have seen that the Clovers were in Illinois by
1795. Note that John is not on the list. Perhaps he
was the youngest of the set.
Page 79: First Militia Regiment, 26
April 1790: Leonard Harness 14, David Guice 37 [The number after the
name indicates the position on the list. This number is
included in the book although the lists are alphabetized.]
Page 90: General return of St. Clair
Militia, 1 August 1790: Leonard Harness, David Guice (Guice received
100 acres of land)
Page 93-94: Capt. Piggot’s
Company of First Militia Regiment 1795: Settlers at New Design and
Belle Fountain: Jacob Clover, Wm Clover, Leonard Harness.
Settlers at Whiteside Station: Adam Clover, Solomon Guice.
Page 96: Names of persons entitled to donation of 100 acres of land for
militia service in Randolph and St. Clair Counties: Leonard Harness,
David Guice. They were marked as coming from St. Clair County, not
Hampshire and Hardy Counties, (W) VA Abstracts
Larry G. Shuck, Hampshire and Hardy
Counties, (W) VA Abstracts,
(Apollo, Pennsylvania: Closson Press, 1996),
Page 57: 14 April 1778 Adam Harness and wife Sarah Harness
and Abraham Kuykendall and wife Catherine Kuykendall, formerly
Catherine Harness widow of Michael Harness, dec’d to Leonard
Harness 202 acres for £100 on the drains of Luney Creek and
Clover Lick adj to Weltons House Pond. Land was granted to said
Adam with 1/3 to Catharine during her life. Also another track on Luney
Creek of 143 acres adj to the first tract with ½ to Catherine
during her life. Lease and release.
Page 58: 28 August 1877, Abraham Kuykendall and wife
Catherine Kuykendall formerly wife of Michael Harness, dec’d, and
Adam Harness, heir at law of said Michael and his wife Sarah Harness,
to George Harness 125 acres for £100 on Lundy Creek granted to
said Adam harness with 1/3 reserved for the said Catharine, lease and
Page 76: 10 August 1784; Leonard Harness to Jacob Harness 202
acres for £ 150 on the drains of Luney Creek and Clover Lick adj
to Welton. Land was granted to Adam Harness with a reserve of 1/3
to Catherine, formerly wife of Michael Harness dec’d and now the
widow of Abraham Kuykendall, dec’d.
Page 122: Will of Kuykendal, Abraham, 20 February 1777,
proved 12 January 1779. Wife Catherine. Stepson, Jeremiah Claypool;
stepson, Isaac Harness, (my wife his mother); stepdau, Sarah Harness,
land on South Branch, lot in Ft. Pitt. Abraham Kuykendal, son of
Nath.; Abraham Kuykendal, son of Henry. My mother Sarah.
Exec., wife and Sam Dew and Henury Kuykendall. Sec., Nath. And Henry
Kuykendall. Wit. Peter Sternberger, John Devore, Thomas Schoonhaven,
Enoch Barry, William Cunningham, Adam Harness.
Illinois, Historical and Statistical
Moses, John, Illinois,
Statistical, (Chicago: Fergus Print. Co, 1889), 227.
“A settlement was also made about the same time  east
of the Kakaskia River” by several men, including Leonard
[Consequently, he was in Illinois
some years before the Clovers. This date fits with what is
known of his children. It should also put to rest the
theory that Jacob Clover married Catherine in Virginia.
This error has been floated past me.]
Sheet for Leonard
Leonard Harness, born ca. 1748, died prior to 4 July 1808, in
County, Illinois. The following children are from the information in
the Harness History and the sale of land in the Hammes papers.
Both of these list the children and agree on their names.
Family researchers have a record of a Rebecca Harness, born ca.
1760, died ca. 1763, Hampshire County, Virginia. I do not have a source
Children of Leonard Harness:
1. Dorothy Ann Harness, born ca. 1780,
Virginia. She married 17 June 1800, William Null in St. Clair
Illinois. Dorothy’s age is based the fact that she is shown
aged 70, born Virginia, in the 1850 census of Jefferson County,
Missouri, 42 District, page 476. Dorothy Ann (Harness) NULL is 10 Feb
1860 in DeSoto, Jefferson County, Missouri.
The person who sent the death date says he does not know where it
came from. However, she is in the 1850 census and not in the 1860
2. Catherine Harness, born ca. 1781?,
September 1828, married Jacob Clover. They probably married about 1799,
implying she was born ca. 1781. We do not know the date. We do
not know the exact ages of her children, but for various reasons, I
think 1799 is a fair date for the marriage. We know that she was a
daughter of Leonard Harness for several reasons.
For one thing, her daughter, Rebecca Nelson, made reference
Uncle John Shehan and her Aunt Sally Shehan who were deceased. Sally
was also a daughter of Leonard Harness accoding to the estate records.
3. Jacob, born 1786, Illinois.
Coleman. Jacob Harness, is in the same census as his sister,
Dorothy, in 1850, on page 434B. He was aged 64, born in
Illinois. In the above deed, he said he was late of Jefferson
Missouri. If so, this may explain the lack of a marriage
The county was formed in 1819 but the marriage records begin
in 1825. I am told he may have had more than one wife.
4. Elizabeth, possibly married Stephen
is no evidence of her age anywhere. I also don’t have the
marriage date, but I am told it was prior to her father’s
which was in 1808. However, I have not seen his estate papers so this
may all be wrong.
5. Sarah “Sally”
Harness, married 12 July
1810, in St. Clair County, Illinois, John Shehan. She had one daughter,
Martha, who married a Walton.
If Sarah married at about the age of 18 to 20, this puts her born ca.
1790, by which time her family was in Illinois. She apparently died
young because John Shehan remarried.
Illinois DAR Genealogical Records
Committee Report, Series 2, volume
: Will Book A and Probate Book A to page 46, Monroe County,
2001. Copy at NSDAR. Page numbers refer to pages in probate book.
Will of John Shan Shehan, jun'r Date of Will: 13 March 1825, probate 13
March 1825 page 111-114
Present wife, Mary Shahan to receive all personal estate as long as she
remains unmarried. If she married to get equal 1/3. Children by
present wife: John and Sarah Shahan to receive equal division of
property. Daughter Maria Shahan when she arrives at 18 years or married
a certain tract of land adjacent to tract now belonging to the heirs of
Jacob Clover, dec'd which I possessed by my first wife. John
Harrison to care for said land for use of my daughter, Maria.
Executors Thomas Harrison and John Harrison. Witnesses W. G.
Goforth, Obed Harrison, Cuthbert Harrison.
6. Mary “Polly”, born
Illinois. She had
to have been born just before or after Joseph because both of them
needed a guardian in 1808. I do not know of a marriage for
Clover, her guardian died, she might have gone to live with one of her
other siblings. If so, we may find her marriage elsewhere.
It seems to me that she may also have married in Jefferson
County, Missouri and thus left no marriage record as did so many.
7. Joseph born 31 July 1793, died 25 November
1881, Adams County, Illinois.
He married Nancy Worley according to the county history. Joseph Harness
married Nancy Wosley, 04 May
1819, Bond County, Illinois, Book A: 108. Joseph Harness is
the 1880 census of Lima, Adams
County, Illinois, page 207A. He was 85. It is noteworthy that
census says that he was born in Illinois, and that both of his parents
were born in Munich. The county history article on him says that the
family was of German extraction.
David Wilcox, Lyman McCarl, and
Joseph J. Freihur, Editors, Quincy
and Adams County (Illinios): History and Representative Men,
(Chicago, Illinois: Lewes Publishing Company, 1919), 773-4. This
article is from Adams County. Thanks to Pat Vaseska for typing it
Richard R. Harness. To mention the name
Harness is to recall the earliest family identified with the permanent
settlement of Lima Township. To record the time of that
settlement it is necessary to go back ninety years, to the year 1828,
when Joseph Harness, a native of St. Clair County, Illinois, invaded
this section of the wilderness and erected the first house, about two
miles northwest of where the Town of Lima now stands. The maiden
name of his wife was Nancy Worley. Their daughter Julia was the
first white child born in the township. Joseph Harness, who was
of German ancestry, was a man of very distinctive character and many
stories are told of his personality. The only picture he ever had
taken shows a man of strength both physically and mentally. His
ability brought him large possessions and at one time he owned 800
acres, partly in Adams and partly in Hancock Counties. This land
he distributed among his children, and some of it is still owned by
them. He was one of the pioneer raisers of cattle and mules, and
his name was also identified with the early history of fruit growing in
the county. About 1835 he established a nursery and sold much of
the stock which supplied the early orchards of this part of
Illinois. It is said he was the first man to graft and bud trees,
a custom which is now the vital feature of fruit growing. At one
time he was probably the largest apple grower in the county. He
was also a noted hunter. In this sport, which he pursued largely
as a means of supplying his table with meat, he relied upon the old
fashioned muzzle loading rifle. He was an expert in its use, and
it is said that he killed sixteen deer in seventeen successive
shots. He also was fond of telling a story of killing five deer
with one bullet. His reputation for veracity and uprightness was
greater than that for a keen sense of humor, and few strangers on
hearing the story would have disputed it. His son Richard R.,
however, who was about ten years old when he first heard the tale, was
disposed to question its truthfulness, and showed an attitude of doubt
until the matter was explained. His father satisfied him with the
explanation that it was one bullet but five different shots that did
the execution. Each time he recovered the bullet from the deer
and used it over and over again until the one missile had slain five
animals. Joseph Harness was a democrat, but had no fondness for
local offices, and so far as known never held any. He died on the
old farm in 1881, in his ninetieth year, and he and his wife had
enjoyed their marriage companionship for sixty years. She
survived him three years and passed away at the age of ninety.
Joseph Harness was a member of the Masonic Order at Lima, and was
representative two years in the Grand Lodge, and he also belonged to
Mendon Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, the Knight Templar Command at
Quincy, and the Medina Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Chicago.
Among other characteristics Joseph Harness had a voice of wonderful
strength and carrying power. From his farm to the Mississippi
River a distance of seven or eight miles intervened, but old river men
frequently claimed that they could distinctly hear him calling his
stock. One night a prowling wolf came into his yard, and was
attacked by his dogs. Thinking that the dogs were getting the
worst of it Mr. Harness jumped up out of bed and barefooted and
bare-legged, with only his hunting knife, started out and got close
enough to make one stab at the wolf, but missed and then started in
pursuit. He and the dogs kept up the chase for fully three
quarters of a mile, until the wolf made its escape. He then
realized that other dangers were present and made his way back home
very carefully, fearing that every step would expose him to the bite of
Joseph Harness and
wife’s three living children are: Julia Ann, widow of Jason
Strickland, of Liberty, Missouri; Nancy, widow of James Ellis, living
in California; and Richard R. Harness.
The old Harness home in Lima
Township, 2 1/2 miles northwest of Lima and on the Hancock County line,
where Richard was born on February 28, 1841, is now owned by
Richard. Practically all his life has been spent in this
community, and he now owns about half of the land formerly held by his
father. The Harness home is in Adams County, while his barn is
over the county line in Hancock. They are twenty-eight miles from
Carthage and twenty-two miles from Quincy. Mr. Harness is a
capable and progressive farmer and one of the leading grain and stock
raisers in his vicinity. In politics he is a democrat.
At the age of twenty-three
Richard R. Harness married Miss Rilla Ann Crenshaw, daughter of Paschal
Crenshaw of Hancock County. The Crenshaws located in that
community in the spring of 1827. Rilla Crenshaw was twenty years
of age when she married Mr. Harness. She died at the age of
sixty-five. Mr. Harness has three sons and two daughters; George
M., the oldest lives in the same community with his father and married
Lizzie Vinson. Charles C., who farms part of his father’s
place in Hancock County, is the second in age. Callie Gertrude is
the wife of Elmer Miller, and they live on part of the farm.
Jasper, who is operating the home place, married Verna Nicholson, of
Ursa Township, and their children are Hugh Carlton, Wilma Emaline,
Richard Lafayette, Russell Paul, and Leo Elizabeth. Effie, the
youngest of the family, is the wife of Dr. Parker, formerly of Lima but
now of Clayton.
I have been sent information that
Michael Harness was Michael Peter Harness, born York County,
Pennsylvania, son of Jacob Harness, born Maryland. I do not know the
John Clover, the contemporary of Jacob,
William Clover, is sometimes said to have married a daughter of Leonard
Harness. His wife was named Tabitha in the deed
Since Leonard had no such daughter in his estate
information is not
correct. Most Harness group sheets also have a Miss Harness
William Clover. But there were only 7 children because Jacob was
deeding one undivided 7th of the land. Obviously some could
died young without heirs, but this would not apply to a wife of William
Clover. William left heirs. If William was married to
Leonard's daughter, she had to be one of those listed.
There is some evidence
the name of William's wife was Elizabeth. She was deceased at the time
of William's will. Leonard's daughter Elizabeth was married to a
Stephen Terry.They were still alive at the time of William's will when
he made Stephen a guardian of one of his daughters.
My suspicion is that since the Harness line is a
DAR/SAR line, some early Clover researchers simply became
hopeful. I have seen absolutely no evidence that either
William Clover or John Clover was married to a daughter of Leonard
to Clover Family Trees Page