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Clover Family Research Compendium


Catherine Harness wife of Jacob Clover of Monroe County, Illinois

        Jacob Clover married Catherine Harness.  The following is a short synopsis of her family.  It is not intended to be complete.  It is simply what I have accidentally collected while researching the Clovers. 

On this page:
    Excerpt from the Harness Family History
    Excerpt from Early Records, Hampshire County, Virginia, Now West Virginia [Will of Michael Harness, and early tax records.]
    Item from the Hammes papers in which Jacob Harness lists the heirs of Leonard Harness.
    Excerpt from Early Illinois
    Excerpt from Illinois, Historical and Statistical
Excerpt from
Hampshire and Hardy Counties, (W) VA Abstracts
    Group Sheet for Leonard Harness Family
The Harness Family History

Harold Duncan Harness, Harness Family History, (Bel Air, Maryland: H.D, Harness, 1983). This book is available through any LDS Family History Center on microfiche set no. 6089057 Thanks to Pat Vaseska for typing this up for me.  This is just a few pages from this fascinating book.  According to the book, Leonard's father provided supplies for the American Revolution.  Therefore this would be a DAR/SAR line. That probably explains why everyone has assumed that all unknown wives of Clovers in the area were daughters of Leonard.  In fact, the only Clover married to a Harness was Jacob.  

The Leonard Harness Family

 The dates of the birth, marriage, and exact date of Leonard’s death are not known.  The first date in his estate record is 4 July 1808. The same is true for his wife and children.  Such records were not required to be recorded as they lived in a wilderness area.  Such events were usually recorded in the family Bible.  They owned a Dutch Bible.  It was purchased by Jacob, one of the sons, when Leonard’s estate was settled.  But if it exists today, it is not known who has it.  We do not know for sure who Leonard’s wife was.  Mrs. Black’s letter states “and Leonard married a Hatch and went to IL.”  No record could be found of any Hatch’s in that area.  However, there were Heaths.  Some, if not all, were of Dutch (Holland) descent.  Land records also did not provide a clue as to her identity.  It is the belief of some genealogists that she was Rachel Catherine Heath.  
    The 1790 Census of Virginia was destroyed, but one was reconstructed from the 1782 and 1784 tax lists.  Leonard Harness was one of those listed for Hampshire Co.  The 1782 list shows him as having six whites and no blacks.  The 1784 list shows him twice.  The first listing shows seven whites, one dwelling, and no other building.  The other shows seven whites one dwelling, and one other building.  The double listing for 1784 was probably the result of him owning more than one parcel of land.  Records reveal that he owned two parcels on Looney’s Creek and one on the South Branch of the Potomac in the vicinity of Petersburg, W.V., which is approximately seven miles from Michael’s home.  However, Leonard’s land holdings and home could not be pinpointed.
        The payroll of Stephen Ashby’s Company of Rangers included Leonard Harness; Source- the Records of Militia Service, Dunmore’s War (1774), Executive Dept. Romney Payroll.  This company of Rangers was not paid for their 1774 service until October 1775.  Leonard served eight days and received 0:12:0, which was 12 shillings for his eight days of service.
        Since Leonard’s family consisted of seven whites in the 1784 tax list, that would mean he had five children as of that time.  Tradition has it that one of his daughters was killed while she was visiting Conrad Harness’s family when they were killed by Indians.  Conrad, a brother of Leonard, and his family were killed about 1765 as his estate was inventoried in 1765.  This child would not have been one on the 1784 tax list.  Polly and Joseph were born after the family’s arrival in the Illinois Country.
        It is believed Leonard and family left the South Branch area about 1785/1786 and arrived in Illinois County of Virginia about 1786, which later became The Territory of the Northwest of Ohio, then Illinois Territory before becoming the State of Illinois.  The exact route they took is not known.  They probably went down the Ohio to the Mississippi by flat-boat then north up the Mississippi River to Whiteside Landing Station or some other landing station near Cahokia, where there was a French settlement.  Leonard’s family located in the area which is now southwest of Columbia and northwest of New Hanover, Illinois.  When he claimed the land, it was in L’Aigle Township, St. Clair Co., Illinois.  This land was located in the Mississippi bottoms.  Dimpsey transferred 400 acres, 57 perches (1 perch = 16.5 feet), to Leonard Harnish (Harness),  6 April 1793 and Robert Creighton sold Leonard Harnish (Harness) 372 acres, 17 perches, 28 November 1798 and Leonard had 100 acres, 118 perches granted him as a militia man (Perrin Collection: Register of Land Claims, 1798, page 31).
        These lands are now in Monroe County, IL and are described as: Claim 571, Survey 434,  West part of section 19, T 1 S, R 10 W and east part of section 24, T 1 S, R 11 W which contains 372 acres 17 perches; Claim 572, Survey 410 – Northeast corner of Section 1, T 2 S, R 11 W and Northwest corner of Section 6, T 2, R 10 W which contains 400 acres, 57 perches.  The location of the militia land grant was not found.   This land was sold by Leonard Harness to John Singleton for $60.00 on 28 Dec. 1804.  He obtained this land as the result of his service with the militia of Prairie DuPont, County of St. Clair, IL and is shown on their roll, dated 1 Aug. 1790, as having served during the period 1783 – 1790.  A copy of Claim 572, Survey 410 for 400 acres, 57 perches was obtained.  It was registered 13 Feb. 1799 and recorded 13 Dec. 1804.
        On 23 May 1790 a petition was drawn up and signed by 46 men, one being Lenard Harnes (Leonard Harness).  The petition was to Arthur St. Clair, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Territory of the U. S. Northwest of the Ohio River advising him that the American settlers near the Mississippi were in deplorable circumstances.  They asked that those who came to the country and improved the land since the year 1783 be confirmed in a right of pre-emption of their improvements.
        The probate papers of Leonard Harness were found after a long search.  When index cards were prepared and microfilms made of the papers, by W.P.A. personnel at the St. Clair County Court House, the name Leonard Harnis on the probate papers was difficult to read.  It is evident though that the probate papers are those of Leonard Harness.  However, his surname is spelled three different ways; no doubt by different people.  These papers show William Clover was given Letters of Administration on 4 July 1808.  Therefore, Leonard died prior to that date.  They also show that the scale of his personal possessions, after payment of debts, resulted in an estate of $1,091.93 and was divided equally among his children who were as follows; Catherine, Elizabeth, Dorothy, Jacob, Sally, Polly and Joseph.  It is assumed they were listed in the order of their birth as Polly and Jacob were minors and William Clover was their guardian per probate papers.  Disposition of the land was by indenture made by Wm. And Dorothy (Harness) Null.  Mrs. Amanda Obermiller, Kimmswick, MO is supposed to have a document to this effect according to a paper from Mrs. Waite.
        Leonard Harness and his family were considered to be among the early American settlers of St. Clair County prior to the formation of Monroe County, IL in 1816.  Of course, by that time, Leonard and his wife were deceased and probably most of his children had grown up and moved elsewhere.  Some had moved to Jefferson County, Missouri and prior to 1819 Joseph had migrated to Bond County, Illinois.

Early Records of Hampshire County

Clara McCormack Sage and Laura Sage Jones, compilers, Early Records, Hampshire County, Virginia, Now West Virginia, (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969), 117.
        Harness (or Herness), Michael of South Branch, 1779; Probate 8 March 1785. Wife: Elizabeth. Nine children: 1-Jacob, youngest son, 2-John, 3-George, 4- Leonard, 5-Peter, 6-Elizabeth Yoakum, 7-Barbara Zee, 8-Dorothy Hornbeck, 9-Margaret Trumbo; grandson, Michael, and sister; granddaughter, Elizabeth Robinson, sister of above Michael Harness; granddaughter, Barbara Zee. Executor: John Harness and son in law, Samuel Hornbeck. Sec. Dan Tieverbaugh, Witness, Anthon Baker, Joseph Petty, and Jacob Yoakum. The above will was filed under “E,” but think from the body of the will, that it is an “H.”
The last sentence was added to the abstract.  No further explanation was given.  I suggest getting a copy of the original as some of these names are difficult.

“State Census of Hampshire County, Virginia, 1782 and 1784" page 92: This is a combined listing of the tax lists from 1782 and 1784. The initials after the name refer to the initials of the enumerator.  Two individuals with the same initials after their names would live near each other.
1782 tax list numbers indicate free whites, sl is number of slaves.  In the 1784 tax list, the first figure is free whites, the second, dwellings, the third, other buildings.
    I suggest that interested parties should check the original tax lists.

            1782            1784
Adam Harness     (WB)     7         gone in 84
George Harness     (AR) 6-2sl        (AR) 6-1-2
John Harness         (AR) 14-2sl         (AR) 12-1-2
John Harness         (not in 82)        (MqC) 6-1-2
Leonard Harness    (MS) 6        (MS) 7-1-1
Leonard Harness    (not in 82)        (MS) 7-1
Michael Harness Sr    (AR) 3-12sl        (AR) 3-1-3
Michael Harness Jr    (AR) 5        (AR) 9-1-1
Peter Harness        (MS) 6-1sl        (MS) 7-1-1

The Hammes Papers
From the Hammes Papers:
Volume B page 8: 8 February 1821 Jacob Harness, late of Jefferson County, Missouri, now of Monroe County, Illinois to the heirs of William Clover, deceased, late of Monroe County, Illinois. Jacob witnesses that Leonard Harness, deceased, late of St Clair County, Illinois, died seized of land known as the unimproved claim of Leonard Harness, 571, survey 434 containing 400 acres in Township 1 South of Range number 10 and Eleven West. The heirs and children of Leonard Harness were Jacob Harness, Joseph Harness, Dorothy Harness, Catherine Harness, Sarah Harness, Mary Harness, and Elizabeth Harness.  Jacob was deeding one undivided seventh part of the land.

Early Illinois

Edward G. Mason, Early Illinois, (Chicago: Fergus Print. Co., 1890)
        This is an odd little book which lists the early militia in what was St. Clair County before 1800.  This is important because it is the first proof that I have seen that the Clovers were in Illinois by 1795.  Note that John is not on the list.  Perhaps he was the youngest of the set.  
    Page 79: First Militia Regiment, 26 April 1790: Leonard Harness 14, David Guice 37 [The number after the name indicates the position on the list.  This number is included in the book although the lists are alphabetized.]
    Page 90: General return of St. Clair Militia, 1 August 1790: Leonard Harness, David Guice (Guice received 100 acres of land)
    Page 93-94: Capt. Piggot’s Company of First Militia Regiment 1795: Settlers at New Design and Belle Fountain: Jacob Clover, Wm Clover, Leonard Harness.  Settlers at Whiteside Station: Adam Clover, Solomon Guice.
Page 96: Names of persons entitled to donation of 100 acres of land for militia service in Randolph and St. Clair Counties: Leonard Harness, David Guice. They were marked as coming from St. Clair County, not Randolph County.

Hampshire and Hardy Counties, (W) VA Abstracts

Larry G. Shuck, Hampshire and Hardy Counties, (W) VA Abstracts, (Apollo, Pennsylvania: Closson Press, 1996),

Page 57: 14 April 1778 Adam Harness and wife Sarah Harness and Abraham Kuykendall and wife Catherine Kuykendall, formerly Catherine Harness widow of Michael Harness, dec’d to Leonard Harness 202 acres for £100 on the drains of Luney Creek and Clover Lick adj to Weltons House Pond.  Land was granted to said Adam with 1/3 to Catharine during her life. Also another track on Luney Creek of 143 acres adj to the first tract with ½ to Catherine during her life. Lease and release.

Page 58: 28 August 1877, Abraham Kuykendall and wife Catherine Kuykendall formerly wife of Michael Harness, dec’d, and Adam Harness, heir at law of said Michael and his wife Sarah Harness, to George Harness 125 acres for £100 on Lundy Creek granted to said Adam harness with 1/3 reserved for the said Catharine, lease and release.

Page 76: 10 August 1784; Leonard Harness to Jacob Harness 202 acres for £ 150 on the drains of Luney Creek and Clover Lick adj to Welton.  Land was granted to Adam Harness with a reserve of 1/3 to Catherine, formerly wife of Michael Harness dec’d and now the widow of Abraham Kuykendall, dec’d. 
Page 122: Will of Kuykendal, Abraham, 20 February 1777, proved 12 January 1779. Wife Catherine. Stepson, Jeremiah Claypool; stepson, Isaac Harness, (my wife his mother); stepdau, Sarah Harness, land on South Branch, lot in Ft. Pitt.  Abraham Kuykendal, son of Nath.; Abraham Kuykendal, son of Henry.  My mother Sarah.  Exec., wife and Sam Dew and Henury Kuykendall. Sec., Nath. And Henry Kuykendall. Wit. Peter Sternberger, John Devore, Thomas Schoonhaven, Enoch Barry, William Cunningham, Adam Harness. 

Illinois, Historical and Statistical

Moses, John, Illinois, Historical and Statistical, (Chicago: Fergus Print. Co, 1889), 227.
“A settlement was also made about the same time [1782] east of the Kakaskia River” by several men, including Leonard Harness. 
    [Consequently, he was in Illinois some years before the Clovers. This date fits with what is known of his children. It should also put to rest the theory that Jacob Clover married Catherine in Virginia.  This error has been floated past me.

Group Sheet for Leonard Harness Family

Leonard Harness, born ca.  1748, died prior to 4 July 1808, in St. Clair County, Illinois. The following children are from the information in the Harness History and the sale of land in the Hammes papers.  Both of these list the children and agree on their names.   Family researchers have a record of a Rebecca Harness, born ca. 1760, died ca. 1763, Hampshire County, Virginia. I do not have a source for this. 

Children of Leonard Harness:
1.    Dorothy Ann Harness, born ca. 1780, Virginia.  She married 17 June 1800, William Null in St. Clair County, Illinois. Dorothy’s age is based the fact that she is shown as aged 70, born Virginia, in the 1850 census of Jefferson County, Missouri, 42 District, page 476. Dorothy Ann (Harness) NULL is 10 Feb 1860 in DeSoto, Jefferson County, Missouri.
 The person who sent the death date says he does not know where it came from.  However, she is in the 1850 census and not in the 1860 census.  

2.    Catherine Harness, born ca. 1781?, died 15 September 1828, married Jacob Clover. They probably married about 1799, implying she was born ca. 1781. We do not know the date.  We do not know the exact ages of her children, but for various reasons, I think 1799 is a fair date for the marriage. We know that she was a daughter of Leonard Harness for several reasons.  For one thing, her daughter, Rebecca Nelson, made reference to her Uncle John Shehan and her Aunt Sally Shehan who were deceased. Sally was also a daughter of Leonard Harness accoding to the estate records.

3.    Jacob, born 1786, Illinois.  Married Mary Coleman.  Jacob Harness, is in the same census as his sister, Dorothy, in 1850, on page 434B.  He was aged 64, born in Illinois.  In the above deed, he said he was late of Jefferson County, Missouri.  If so, this may explain the lack of a marriage record.  The county was formed in 1819 but the marriage records begin in 1825.  I am told he may have had more than one wife.  

4.    Elizabeth, possibly married Stephen Terry. There is no evidence of her age anywhere. I also don’t have the marriage date, but I am told it was prior to her father’s death which was in 1808. However, I have not seen his estate papers so this may all be wrong. 

5.    Sarah “Sally” Harness, married 12 July 1810, in St. Clair County, Illinois, John Shehan. She had one daughter, Martha, who married a Walton. If Sarah married at about the age of 18 to 20, this puts her born ca. 1790, by which time her family was in Illinois. She apparently died young because John Shehan remarried.
Illinois DAR Genealogical Records Committee Report, Series 2, volume 88: Will Book A and Probate Book A to page 46, Monroe County, Illinois, 2001.  Copy at NSDAR. Page numbers refer to pages in probate book.
Will of John Shan Shehan, jun'r Date of Will: 13 March 1825, probate 13 March 1825 page 111-114
Present wife, Mary Shahan to receive all personal estate as long as she remains unmarried.  If she married to get equal 1/3. Children by present wife: John and Sarah Shahan to receive equal division of property. Daughter Maria Shahan when she arrives at 18 years or married a certain tract of land adjacent to tract now belonging to the heirs of Jacob Clover, dec'd which I possessed by my first wife.  John Harrison to care for said land for use of my daughter, Maria.  Executors Thomas Harrison and John Harrison. Witnesses W. G. Goforth, Obed Harrison, Cuthbert Harrison.

6.    Mary “Polly”, born Illinois. She had to have been born just before or after Joseph because both of them needed a guardian in 1808. I do not know of a marriage for her. Since William Clover, her guardian died, she might have gone to live with one of her other siblings.  If so, we may find her marriage elsewhere.  It seems to me that she may also have married in Jefferson County, Missouri and thus left no marriage record as did so many.

7.    Joseph born 31 July 1793, died 25 November 1881, Adams County, Illinois.  He married Nancy Worley according to the county history. Joseph Harness married Nancy Wosley, 04 May 1819, Bond County, Illinois, Book A: 108.  Joseph Harness is in the 1880 census of Lima, Adams County, Illinois, page 207A.  He was 85. It is noteworthy that the census says that he was born in Illinois, and that both of his parents were born in Munich. The county history article on him says that the family was of German extraction.  

David Wilcox, Lyman McCarl, and Joseph J. Freihur, Editors, Quincy and Adams County (Illinios): History and Representative Men, (Chicago, Illinois: Lewes Publishing Company, 1919), 773-4.  This article is from Adams County.  Thanks to Pat Vaseska for typing it for us.

    Richard R. Harness.  To mention the name Harness is to recall the earliest family identified with the permanent settlement of Lima Township.  To record the time of that settlement it is necessary to go back ninety years, to the year 1828, when Joseph Harness, a native of St. Clair County, Illinois, invaded this section of the wilderness and erected the first house, about two miles northwest of where the Town of Lima now stands.  The maiden name of his wife was Nancy Worley.  Their daughter Julia was the first white child born in the township.  Joseph Harness, who was of German ancestry, was a man of very distinctive character and many stories are told of his personality.  The only picture he ever had taken shows a man of strength both physically and mentally.  His ability brought him large possessions and at one time he owned 800 acres, partly in Adams and partly in Hancock Counties.  This land he distributed among his children, and some of it is still owned by them.  He was one of the pioneer raisers of cattle and mules, and his name was also identified with the early history of fruit growing in the county.  About 1835 he established a nursery and sold much of the stock which supplied the early orchards of this part of Illinois.  It is said he was the first man to graft and bud trees, a custom which is now the vital feature of fruit growing.  At one time he was probably the largest apple grower in the county.  He was also a noted hunter.  In this sport, which he pursued largely as a means of supplying his table with meat, he relied upon the old fashioned muzzle loading rifle.  He was an expert in its use, and it is said that he killed sixteen deer in seventeen successive shots.  He also was fond of telling a story of killing five deer with one bullet.  His reputation for veracity and uprightness was greater than that for a keen sense of humor, and few strangers on hearing the story would have disputed it.  His son Richard R., however, who was about ten years old when he first heard the tale, was disposed to question its truthfulness, and showed an attitude of doubt until the matter was explained.  His father satisfied him with the explanation that it was one bullet but five different shots that did the execution.  Each time he recovered the bullet from the deer and used it over and over again until the one missile had slain five animals.  Joseph Harness was a democrat, but had no fondness for local offices, and so far as known never held any.  He died on the old farm in 1881, in his ninetieth year, and he and his wife had enjoyed their marriage companionship for sixty years.  She survived him three years and passed away at the age of ninety.  Joseph Harness was a member of the Masonic Order at Lima, and was representative two years in the Grand Lodge, and he also belonged to Mendon Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, the Knight Templar Command at Quincy, and the Medina Temple of the Mystic Shrine at Chicago.  Among other characteristics Joseph Harness had a voice of wonderful strength and carrying power.  From his farm to the Mississippi River a distance of seven or eight miles intervened, but old river men frequently claimed that they could distinctly hear him calling his stock.  One night a prowling wolf came into his yard, and was attacked by his dogs.  Thinking that the dogs were getting the worst of it Mr. Harness jumped up out of bed and barefooted and bare-legged, with only his hunting knife, started out and got close enough to make one stab at the wolf, but missed and then started in pursuit.  He and the dogs kept up the chase for fully three quarters of a mile, until the wolf made its escape.  He then realized that other dangers were present and made his way back home very carefully, fearing that every step would expose him to the bite of a rattlesnake.
        Joseph Harness and wife’s three living children are:  Julia Ann, widow of Jason Strickland, of Liberty, Missouri; Nancy, widow of James Ellis, living in California; and Richard R. Harness.
        The old Harness home in Lima Township, 2 1/2 miles northwest of Lima and on the Hancock County line, where Richard was born on February 28, 1841, is now owned by Richard.  Practically all his life has been spent in this community, and he now owns about half of the land formerly held by his father.  The Harness home is in Adams County, while his barn is over the county line in Hancock.  They are twenty-eight miles from Carthage and twenty-two miles from Quincy.  Mr. Harness is a capable and progressive farmer and one of the leading grain and stock raisers in his vicinity.  In politics he is a democrat.
        At the age of twenty-three Richard R. Harness married Miss Rilla Ann Crenshaw, daughter of Paschal Crenshaw of Hancock County.  The Crenshaws located in that community in the spring of 1827.  Rilla Crenshaw was twenty years of age when she married Mr. Harness.  She died at the age of sixty-five.  Mr. Harness has three sons and two daughters; George M., the oldest lives in the same community with his father and married Lizzie Vinson.  Charles C., who farms part of his father’s place in Hancock County, is the second in age.  Callie Gertrude is the wife of Elmer Miller, and they live on part of the farm.  Jasper, who is operating the home place, married Verna Nicholson, of Ursa Township, and their children are Hugh Carlton, Wilma Emaline, Richard Lafayette, Russell Paul, and Leo Elizabeth.  Effie, the youngest of the family, is the wife of Dr. Parker, formerly of Lima but now of Clayton. 

I have been sent information that Michael Harness was Michael Peter Harness, born York County, Pennsylvania, son of Jacob Harness, born Maryland. I do not know the source.

    John Clover, the contemporary of Jacob, Adam, and William Clover, is sometimes said to have married a daughter of Leonard Harness.  His wife was named Tabitha in the deed records.  Since Leonard had no such daughter in his estate records, this information is not correct.  Most Harness group sheets also have a Miss Harness who married William Clover. But there were only 7 children because Jacob was deeding one undivided 7th of the land.  Obviously some could have died young without heirs, but this would not apply to a wife of William Clover.  William left heirs. If William was married to Leonard's daughter, she had to be one of those listed.  There is some evidence the name of William's wife was Elizabeth. She was deceased at the time of William's will. Leonard's daughter Elizabeth was married to a Stephen Terry.They were still alive at the time of William's will when he made Stephen a guardian of one of his daughters. 
    My suspicion is that since the Harness line is a DAR/SAR line, some early Clover researchers simply became hopeful.   I have seen absolutely no evidence that either William Clover or John Clover was married to a daughter of Leonard Harness.

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