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Carmavy, Northern Ireland

About

Carmavy was were Thomas McLernon, my great grandfather, was born and grew up before migrating to New Zealand in 1886. His father James McLernon farmed at Carmavey, and is buried in the Carmavy Cemetery. Thomas McLernon, or Thomas McLaren as he was known in New Zealand, named his farm, at Manawaru in the Waikato, Carmavy after his birthplace. The McLernon or McClernon family were originally from Scotland.

Carmavy (Carmavey)

Carmavy is situated in in the parish of Killead, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. It is in the townland of Grange of Carmavy. The accepted, modern spelling is actually Carmavey.

Carmavy is not have an established settlement, but rather farmland with scattered houses and farms. There is no church in Carmavy, but there is a graveyard. The Grange of Carmavy, as mapped in the Ordinance Survey of 1832-33, was an area approximately 3 km by 2 km with the cemetery near the center.

As can be seen from the map, Carmavy is located close to Belfast (18 km). It is south of Antrim (10 km) and near the Belfast International Airport (7 km).

Map showing Carmavy

Click on map for Google Maps.

The farmland at Carmavey is a mixture of cropland and pasture. There are a number of dairy farms and cereal crops are grown. A cattle stud farm is located near the Graveyard - Carmavy Simmentals.

Farmland at Carmavy

Farmland at Carmavey
Google Streetview2008 photo.

1851 Census

Although few 1851 census records have survived from Ireland, there are fragments for Killead, County Antrim, including for the Grange of Carmavy Townland - 42 households and 201 people.

The main occupations were in agriculture (27 farmers, 7 agricultural labourers and 3 ploughmen) and textiles (24 flowerers, 10 muslin sewers, 6 linen weavers, 3 spinners). Flowerers were women who embroidered flowers or similar designs on muslin.

Other occupations included: 6 labourers, 3 servants, 2 shoemakers, 2 coopers, 2 publicans, a tailor, a blacksmith, a carpenter, a thatcher and a schoolmaster (Samuel McComb). One of the publicans also was a grocer. Only two households had live-in servants, one of them being the residence of Archibald McComb where 2 kitchen servants were employed.

Archibald McComb was the grandfather of Thomas McLernon who migrated to New Zealand. Samuel McComb, the schoolmaster at Carmavy in 1851, was the son of Archibald McComb.

The McLernon family were not recorded amongst the 1851 census records for the Grange of Carmavy Townland.

1901 Census

In the 1901 Census there were 28 families and households in the Grange of Carmavy Townland and 124 people. The population had almost halved from 1851.

Agriculture was the main industry by 1901, with textile work not being mentioned as an occupation. The main occupations recorded in the 1901 census were: farmer (40 including farmer's sons and daughters), farm servants (11), servants (3), labourer (2), publicans (2), carpenters (2), inn keeper (1).

There were 6 Catholics, 42 Presbyterians in the Grange of Carmavy Townland.

Graveyard

Carmavy Graveyard is a walled enclosure on Carmavy Road, measuring 57 x 54 yards (52 x 49 meters). The burial ground is managed by a committee and tended by a sexton who lives in the house adjacent to the graveyard.

Carmavy graveyard is apparently very ancient, with headstones having been recorded from 1698. The graveyard was once the site of a catholic chapel. The chapel was destroyed in the 1600's by the English and Scottish. Joe Graham provides more detail of this incident. Most of the graves are those of the Scottish settlers and their descendants.

Carmavy Graveyard Gates

Gates to Carmavy Graveyard
Click on image to view new gates.

Carmavy Graveyard

Carmavy Graveyard

Carmavy Graveyard

Carmavy Graveyard
Google Streetview 2008 photo showing the graveyard and the enclosure wall being demolished for widening of Carmavy Road.