Note: Over the years, motivated and dedicated family historians have collected much information about the varied and productive life of John Edward Metcalf, Sr. Their work is invaluable. Even so, a primary purpose of this present effort has been to make the supporting documents of this assembled information even more visible, and to augment and update wherever possible. This current piece was written by W. Bart. Christenson, Jr., Provo, Utah, during the last two months of 2008 and the first part of 2009. A listing of sources appears at the end.Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
At the beginning of the 19th century when John Edward Metcalf, Sr. was born in Yorkshire, England, the influence of the English “big three” furniture makers of the 18th century, Thomas Sheraton, George Hepplewhite, and Thomas Chippendale, was significant, especially in Great Britain. 1
Trained in these same skills as a young man, John Edward evidently also came to enjoy a reputation as a “cabinet maker and carpenter of some repute.” 2 Accordingly, this led to different work opportunities around the British Isles. As a result, besides working at various locales in his home shire of York, he accepted other commissions which took him and his young family to Belfast, Ireland, and London England. 3, 4 It was probably while employed in London in 1849 that the family first heard and accepted the Gospel, thereafter immigrating to Utah a few years later. But, we are getting ahead of the story.
John Edward was born in Hull, Yorkshire, England, on 13 July 1812 5, to Thomas Metcalf and Jane Gill, the eldest of three children—including a brother, George Thomas, who was born in 1815, and a sister, Ann, born in 1823 6—and was christened three weeks later, 3 August 1812, in the Holy Trinity Church at Hull. 7
According to George Thomas’s christening record, the father, Thomas Metcalf was a cordwainer or shoemaker. 8 However, as already indicated, John Edward elected to pursue a different trade, that of cabinet maker and carpenter. Interestingly, a few decades earlier, the aforementioned renowned Thomas Chippendale, before making London his permanent residence, was born and raised in Yorkshire, as well. 9 Accordingly, this local connection with the famous furniture craftsman might well have influenced young John Edward as he honed and polished his own woodworking skills.
John Edward married Mary Waslin in Sculcoates, Yorkshire, England, 23 December 1832. 10 Regarding the traditional religious affiliation of the Metcalf family at this time, one astute biographer has conjectured:
They married in the Chapel at Sculcoates, which is a suburb or subdivision in Hull. The Sculcoates parish church is a special place for the Metcalf family—they weren’t normally members of that parish but his parents had married there, as did his grandmother and great grandparents. John Edward was twenty years old at the time of his marriage; Mary Waslin was twenty-two.
There is no account of the Metcalf family’s conversion [to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints], but a look at some historical data can help paint the picture of their lives at the time of their conversion. The Metcalf family [belonged to] the Church of England, but don’t appear to have been particularly active. This can be seen from the fact that their children were christened, but they tended to neglect to do it until several years after their births. The next hint of the family’s disillusionment with the Church of England might be in 1840 when John Edward’s brother George Thomas marries his second wife after his first wife’s death. The marriage is performed, not by the clergy of the Church of England, but in an Independent chapel in Hull. Brother George Thomas didn’t live long enough to learn about the “Mormons”: both he and his 2nd wife died in 1842, leaving an orphaned four-year-old son (George Thomas, Jr., who eventually traveled with his uncle to Utah.) I have thought that perhaps the Metcalf’s were first introduced to the church during the time they lived in London as they seem to have been baptized shortly after their return to Hull. That is conjecture. Shortly after the Metcalf’s joined the church, John Edward’s aunt Elizabeth Gill Simpson was also baptized (in 1852). She never emigrated and died in Hull in 1874. 11
Following their marriage, the couple went on to produce eleven living children, six sons and five daughters, plus one stillborn. They were born in various places throughout the British Isles commensurate with John’s employment at the time. The last was born in Utah, after their immigration. Six lived to maturity. A listing now follows:
Jane Ann was born 15 March 1834, in Skidby, Yorkshire, England. She married William Bown 30 January 1853, aboard ship while crossing the Atlantic Ocean. She died 11 December 1894, in Fayette, Sanpete, Utah.
Elizabeth was second born, 15 August 1835, in Skidby, Yorkshire, England, but she died only a few years later. She was buried on 15 May 1840, in Skidby, Yorkshire, England.
The first of three sons named Anthony came next. He was born 24 September 1837, at Myton/Hull, Yorkshire, England. He died 13 May 1840, at Myton, and subsequently was buried in Skidby, Yorkshire, England.
John Edward, Jr. was fourth born. He entered the world at Hull, Yorkshire, England, on 24 June 1839. He practiced polygamy and married Mary Keziah Bartholomew in Springville, Utah, Utah, on 19 April 1886. He later married Mary Catherine Dahling in Logan, Cache, Utah, 25 February 1886. He died 6 September 1908, at Manti, Sanpete, Utah.
A second Elizabeth came next. She was born 9 February 1841, at Sutton, Yorkshire, England. She died on 6 February 1844, and was buried in Hull, Yorkshire, England.
The second Anthony was sixth born. He was born in Belfast, Antrim, Ireland, in January 1842, but died shortly thereafter.
The third Anthony was also born in Belfast, Antrim, Ireland, 5 September 1843. He lived to maturity and married Sylvia Eliza Sanford in August 1862, in Springville, Utah, Utah. He died 27 March 1924, in Gunnison, Sanpete, Utah.
Mary Elizabeth was eighth born, on 24 October 1845, at Shoreditch, Middlesex, England. She lived less than a year and died 6 September 1846 at Shoreditch, Middlesex, England.
A stillborn child, gender unknown, was born about 1846, in London, London, England.
James was the fifth son and tenth born child. He was born 12 January 1847, at Shoreditch, Middlesex, England. He married Caroline Marie Larson, in 1868, and died in San Diego, San Diego, California, 25 September 1922. He is buried in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah.
Eliza “Roxie” was the fifth daughter and eleventh born child. She was born 17 August 1850, at West Sculcoates, York, England; married John Bartholomew 11 October 1868, in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah; and died 10 April 1924, in Gunnison, Sanpete, Utah. She is buried in Fayette, Sanpete, Utah.
William was last born, and the only child born in Utah. He was born 5 May 1855, in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah; married Emma Ulricka Capson, 3 July 1879, in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah; and passed away 31 July 1938, at Gunnison, Sanpete, Utah. 12Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
Having heard and accepted the Gospel, John and Mary were baptized 19 October 1849, in Hull, York, England, where they are shown on the records of the Hull Branch. 13 The two older children who were of eligible age were not baptized at this time. However, they were later baptized, in England, prior to immigrating, along with their younger brother who subsequently had turned eight years of age. 14
Then, in keeping with the counsel of the leading Brethren to immigrate to the United States in order to assist in building up the New Zion, some three years after joining the Church, in early 1853, the family prepared to immigrate to Zion. Consequently, along with 332 other converts, under the presidency of Elder Moses Clauson, they set sail from Liverpool, England, 17 January 1853, on the Ellen Marie, bound for New Orleans, Louisiana. 15, 16
The trip across the Atlantic Ocean was eventful, as summarized by Vauna Marie Green Kelly in her biography about her grandfather, John Edward Metcalf, Jr.:
It was a stormy and cold passage, without heat, but with the power of prayer. Early in that voyage, on 30 January 1853, nineteen-year-old Jane Ann married William Bown who in later years became the livestock partner of John Jr. Another member of the company, Brother James Farmer, commented that night in his diary, ‘Bro. [Bown] gave his wife a hearty kiss and she returned it.’
Brother Farmer's diary, incidentally, is an excellent source for a full description of the voyage. He describes in detail the seasickness of the sisters, storms at sea when all the men were put to save the ship, an attempted rape when he and father Metcalf were on watch together (the perpetrators were sailors), and the burial at sea of several newborn babies and their mothers. He tells how towards the end of the voyage Elder Clauson, who had seen more of his bed than of the sea, stood before the Saints, saying he had tried to do his best to serve them though he ‘would have liked to have been able to have got out more amongst them but bad health had prevented him.’ He asked for a show of hands to know if they were satisfied with him and all raised their hands though, as Bro. Farmer points out, they had much ‘belied’ Elder Clauson throughout the voyage. 17
They arrived at the port of New Orleans, Louisiana, 7 March 1853. 18 Proceeding to Keokuk or Kanesville, Iowa, by riverboat, they next continued westward to Utah with the Claudius V. Spencer Wagon Train, reaching the Salt Lake Valley in September 1853, after a trek of nearly six months. 19
Like their ocean crossing, the trip across the plains was not without drama, either. Many years later, son Anthony recalled some of his adventures on the trail to his daughter Emma Elizabeth Metcalf Brown, which she subsequently recorded:
At the time of their emigration, Anthony was ten years old. He walked all the way across the plains from the Missouri River to Salt Lake City. He got so tired he would sit down and tell them to leave him there. His mother told him the Indians would get him. He said, ‘Well let them have me.’ His mother [Mary Waslin Metcalf] would feel bad and cry. He couldn't stand to see her cry so he would get up and go on.
Food was very scarce but Anthony said he never went hungry although he was often afraid he would be because his mother never turned any body away without a mixing of flour. He said he would stand by the four barrel and see his mother scrape the barrel for some less fortunate neighbor. He would say, ‘Mother, what will we do?’ And she would reply, ‘Ah, Laddie there will always be a mixing in the barrel.’ And there always was. He said he had only missed one meal that he could remember. His mother had given him his bread and cheese. He had gone out side to eat it. Along came a big boy with a dead black bird and traded it for his bread and cheese. His older brother came and made them trade back but Anthony wouldn't eat it because the other boy had had it in his dirty hands so the brother, John ate the bread and cheese. 20
Arriving in Utah Territory, the family first settled in the Fourth Ward, Great Salt Lake City (confirmed by the 1856 Utah State [Territory] Census 21). Here they spent the next three years, where some important events took place: John and Mary were sealed to each other in President Brigham Young's Office, on 25 March 1855 22, 23 (their last child, William, was born, 5 May 1855, two months after this sealing 24); and, as is shown on their T.I.B. cards, they received their endowments, on 1 April 1856, after completion of the Endowment House.
While living in Salt Lake City, a humorous incident took place, once again recorded by Anthony Metcalf’s daughter, Emma Elizabeth:
They lived in the Salt Lake fourth ward until 1856. An interesting incident happened there on Sunday afternoon. Anthony had gone with the older boys to the home of President Brigham Young. While the older folks were at church the boys hitched the horses to the buggy and took the girls out riding. When meeting was out they were back in the barn. President Young came in. He didn't say a word to the boys, but he took the whip out of the buggy and went around and whipped all of the wheels of the buggy and said how naughty they had been to take the girls out riding on Sunday. He felt that chastisement had more effect than had he scolded the boys. 25Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
After three years in Salt Lake City, towards the latter part of 1856, the family moved to Springville, Utah County, Utah, where John Edward served as one of the principle builders of the new town meeting house. 26, 27 Indeed, in helping to establish the New Zion in the Mountains, his knowledge of carpentry, and later as he worked in the role of millwright, would be much more useful to the Church and community than cabinet making. So, he went to work. They resided in Springville for the better part of a decade and are listed as residents of the community in the 1860 United States Federal Census. 28
While in Springville, they became acquainted with the Joseph Bartholomew family, who are also listed in the 1860 census. 29 The Bartholomew’s had arrived in Springville during the winter of 1851-1852 30 and made this place their home for the next ten years. Furthermore, as time progressed, the two families became forever linked: first, through the inter-marriage of their children (Mary Keziah Bartholomew and John Edward Metcalf, Jr. in 1865; and Eliza Metcalf and John Bartholomew in 1868 31); and then, in time, through a joint Church calling, namely helping to settle a new community further south at Warm Creek, later Fayette, in Sanpete County.Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
Regarding the settling of this new community, the following is taken from a 1999 Utah State Historical Society publication: 32
Although it is located only about five miles north of Gunnison, Fayette was settled out of Springville in Utah County. Fayette’s founders did not know the place prior to seeing it for the first time. In the spring of 1861, the families of James Mellor and Joseph Bartholomew [along with three other families who eventually became disheartened and left the group] packed their belongings into ox-drawn wagons and headed south looking for a new place to live. In a few days, after traveling into the Juab Valley and then into the northwest reach of Sevier Valley along the west edge of the Sanpitch Mountains, they arrived at a small stream. Because of its high temperature, they called it Warm Creek. They bridged the creek, then moved on to Hog Wallow (Gunnison). Finding it too crowded for their liking, they turned around and headed back to Warm Creek and its nearby abundance for grass, water, fish, and game.
The Springville presence was increased in 1864 when Brigham Young called John E. Metcalf [called from St. George, where he had then been working 33] to move to Warm Creek and build a flour mill along the never-frozen stream. He arrived in 1866… [1864 34]
When the Metcalf’s first neared Warm Creek in 1864, as is recorded in an early history of the settlement, it is reported that one of the girls, perhaps Eliza, who would have been sixteen years old at the time, exclaimed:
I see fields but where are the ‘ouses?
Smoke was curling up from chimneys atop mounds of dirt along the creek bed; for, even though the early settlers had already begun to tame the soil, they still lived in primitive dugouts. As yet, there were no above ground houses in the small community. 35
In addition, concerning the initial activity following their arrival at Warm Creek, as is recorded elsewhere, but apparently emanating from the same memories of Fayette’s early history just cited:
The Metcalf’s camped about three-fourths of a mile east of the other settlers, at the site where they decided to build the mill. Grandfather had brought all his provisions in an extra wagon; he also brought a pick, a shovel, an axe, a steel bar, two augers, a hammer, a chisel; also faith, ambition and perseverance.
They soon hauled rock from the nearby hills and built their dugout and mill house. The burrs they chiseled and fashioned from some granite boulders they found in the Cedar Ridge east of the ‘Painted rocks,’ about twelve miles north of Warm Creek. They used wagon tires to hold the section of the burrs together.
The ditch from the spring to the mill had been dug by hand with pick and shovel, and had been tested. The water ran through it. The wooden water wheel had been assembled and set in place, and aside from leaking a lot, it worked. The burrs had been moved into place and everything was ready for the test.
Grandma Metcalf had helped her husband and the boys, but now the water was turned into the flume to pour over the wheel, she stepped back a few steps and stood with uncovered head and arms folded. The water wheel was soon in motion, but nothing happened with the burrs. Grandpa hurried into the cellar and adjusted the rawhide belt that transferred the power from the water wheel shaft to the burr shaft. Then slowly, the burr commenced to turn just a little, and was soon scraping its face against its mate stone burr.
One of the children called out, ‘Maw it’s turning. It works, Maw, the mill works!’
Grandma turned and walked slowly toward the dugout, and with head bowed she said something, and what she said only God, the angels, and she knew. 36
[Later on that same year]…the Black Hawk [Indian] War forced them to abandon the place. In ’66 the homes were deserted [for safety, they repaired to the nearby larger community of Gunnison] and no effort was made to return until ’68, when the place was again occupied. 37
[Subsequently,] following the advice of Apostle Orson Hyde, they changed the name to Fayette, in honor of Fayette, New York, where the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized in 1830. Another apostle, George A. Smith, encouraged the families to survey lots, obtain a grant for their town site, and divide the land and water among themselves. Eventually six blocks, all in a row, were developed in the low-density form that exists today . 38Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
In July 1864, John Edward turned 52 years of age—two-thirds of the way through his life (he died in 1887 at age 75). He had already accomplished much. For, by now he had heard the Gospel, embraced the Church, and left a promising career as a cabinet maker in his native land of England, in order to immigrate to America with his family to lend his efforts in building the Kingdom. Indeed, by this time, too, he had already contributed his energy and skills to several building and flour mill projects, played a vital role in establishing a new community, and launched his children in their various marriages and careers. Yet there was still much more to do.
Let’s now consider what we know about his remaining life’s activities in four categories, namely: Church and occupational pursuits in Fayette, military service, missionary service, and pleural marriage.
For one thing, shortly after arriving at Warm Creek (later Fayette) in 1864, he was called as the Branch President. Quoting from a reliable source on Utah history:
The saints on Warm Creek were organized as a branch of the Church in 1862, with Branch Young as president. He acted under the direction of the Gunnison Ward bishopric and was succeeded in 1864 by John E. Metcalf, Sr., who after the Indian troubles in 1865-1867, was succeeded by John Bartholomew as presiding Elder [John Bartholomew eventually became John Edward’s son-in-law, in 1868]. 39
At the same time, in securing a livelihood over the next two decades, available records show John Edward first as “carpenter,” in the 1870 United States Census for Warm Creek, Sanpete, Utah 40, and then as “stockman + farmer,” in the 1880 census. 41 In all likelihood, with time, as his resources and net worth continued to enlarge, he must have branched out into more extensive ventures, such as owning livestock and land.
Regarding his participation in the so called Utah-Black Hawk Indian War, it is documented that he served as a “private” in the militia from “1 April to 1 November 1866, in G. Sidwell’s Company”; and then from “1 May to 1 November 1867, in C. Tollestrup’s Company.” 42
What in reality was the Black Hawk War? On the most basic level, it was a series of raids against Mormon settlements in the Sanpete Valley and other areas of central and southern Utah between 1865 and 1872. During the first three years, the hostile Indians were led by Black Hawk, a warrior of the Northern Ute’s, and later by Shena-vegan, a member of Black Hawk’s dissident band. Together they waged a guerilla war that devastated the economy of Central Utah and caused the virtual abandonment of nearly all of the settlements. The last few years, from 1869 to 1872, raiding was primarily the act of disgruntled reservation Indians who acted independently and sporadically, and without great effect. The most significant events of the war took place in the earliest period….
… to the Mormon settlers, the Black Hawk War was worthy of the name in every respect. By 1866 the conflict had become so serious that upwards of 2,500 able-bodied men were pressed into the militia in an attempt to stabilize the frontier. The task was a formidable one—during the years 1865 to 1867 Black Hawks’ men managed to steal approximately five thousand head of cattle and kill as many as ninety settlers and militiamen. Numerous settlements in Central and Southern Utah were abandoned, including such major communities as Richfield, Circleville, Panguitch, and Kanab. Without question the conflict called for war-like expenditures of manpower and materiel….
The fact of the matter was, conflict between the two cultures was essentially inevitable. What the Indians needed, the Mormon settlers were loath to give. The land and the resources were not so extensive, nor the bonds of culture close enough, for these two peoples to mutually prosper. In their primitive ways, the Ute’s were powerless to prevent the loss of lands and resources to the Mormon settlers. The United States Government had the means to step in and alleviate the suffering as the native peoples were displaced, but…it chose not to do so…. It should be remembered… that Congress had far greater problems to contend with in the aftermath of the Civil War. 43
As to missionary service, records in the Journal History of the Church show that he was called to serve as a missionary, along with others, at a St. George, Utah, Stake Conference, 8 April 1877. 44 He was set apart by Elder Orson Pratt, 1 June 1877. 45
Assigned to serve in England, from 1877 through 1879, he sailed from New York on the SS Montana, and arrived in Liverpool, 22 June 1877. He was called to labor in the area of his nativity. 46 An extract from one of his letters home, written on 23 December 1877, and initially published in the Millennial Star, gives insights into the work of the mission at the time:
The Hull Branch is in a prosperous condition at present, we still keep adding to our numbers, and the Saints feel well; I am in good health and spirits, trying to do the best I can, God being my helper; we have baptized three from Goole since I saw you, which makes us rejoice in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. I expect a great many to gather the coming spring, all well; the Saints are trying to do their best, I take pleasure in urging them to be earful, economical, and prayerful, so they may receive the blessings they seek. 47
Sometime later, portions of another article, subsequently reprinted in the Deseret News, confirmed the continuing healthy status of the work in the area of Hull:
Deseret News, 1 May 1878. We make the following extracts from the Millennial Star, April 8th: The good work of the Lord is rolling on nicely in these parts. Brother Evans is still at Hull. He has been lecturing to large congregations every Sunday evening. Brother Metcalf is with him; they are doing considerable baptizing, and greatly enlarging the Hull Branch. During the months of October, November and December, I labored with Brother Metcalf in that portion of the Conference; during which time we baptized twenty new converts. The Saints in that part seem to be feeling well; quite a number are expecting to emigrate this season. 48
At the conclusion of his successful mission, he returned home to Utah, 8 May 1879. 49Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
Finally, it is well known that during the mid-nineteenth century pleural marriage was a controversial subject in Utah as well as the rest of the country. Not only was polygamy a difficult concept to live for all parties concerned from the economic and interpersonal relationship points of view, but hardship and ridicule often came from the outside to members of the Church who were called to practice it. Of course, the scriptures identify the principle reasons which directed an obedient, duly-authorized male member of the Church, prior to 1890, to marry more than one living spouse at a time. 50 Nonetheless, as will be suggested shortly, occasionally there was another consideration, as well, which supported such an action.
On 7 June 1869, eight years prior to departing on his mission and fifteen years prior to the death of his first wife, a second wife, Cecelia Andersen (son) was sealed to John Edward in the Endowment House, in Salt Lake City. He was 57, and she was 19 years of age. 51, 52 One child is shown issuing from this union, but the following, revealing note by family historian, Vauna Marie Green Kelly, is found in the family group record commentary for the son, John Christian Metcalf:
BIRTH: Gunnison, Utah LDS Ward records; FHL film 0025977; pg 202; #43: John Christian Metcalf, boy, fa:_______ mo: Cecelia, born 1 Dec. 1869 Gunnison, blessed 3 Feb. 1870 by J. Sorenson. Note Sorenson is Cecelia's mother's maiden name. This entry is directly above Wm. & Jane Ann Metcalf Bown's children. Note that the child has John Edward Metcalf's first name and Cecelia Andersen's father's middle name. The appearance of this child and mother with the Andersen (her birth name) household in the 1870 Census (noted below) makes me confident that this is the same Cecelia. It doesn't surprise me that John Edward Metcalf Sr.'s name is not given in the record This was a very dangerous time to acknowledge a plural marriage. Besides, I would suspect that the child is not the biological child of J. E. Metcalf, Sr. This record has made me wonder if the entire purpose of this plural marriage was to give this child legitimacy as he would have been conceived prior to the polygamist marriage [his birth date was 1 December 1869]. Really, though, it is inconsequential whether he was the biological child of John Edward Metcalf, Sr. He was clearly raised as the son of John Edward Metcalf, Sr. and is sealed to him. That is the ultimate familial relationship. 53
A third pleural wife, Ann Dearing (maiden name Bilton/Billton) was sealed to John Edward on 8 October 1883, in the Endowment House. John Edward was 71, and she was 70 years of age. 54 (This marriage took place approximately 5 months before Mary Waslin Metcalf’s death, and 3 ½ years before John Edward’s own passing.) Ann was evidently a widow (married name Dearing), who joined the Church in England (in 1879) after her first husband’s death, and then immigrated to Utah. 55 Interestingly, too, there were eight other women sealed posthumously to John Edward, in the Manti Temple in 1890. 56 However, this type sealing practice has now been discontinued.Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
Approximately fifteen months prior to his third marriage, in the summer of 1882, while riding in a buggy with his wife, Mary Waslin Metcalf and a granddaughter, John Edward met with an unfortunate accident: the buggy tipped over, all were thrown to the ground, and he sustained severe head injury, eventually leading to blindness.
He died at Fayette, Sanpete, Utah, on 4 February 1887, at age 74 ½ years of age. (Mary had passed away three years earlier, on 26 March 1884. 57) His obituary, appearing in the Deseret News, noted the above accident, and also indicated that he died of diabetes. 58Notwithstanding, at the end of a full and useful life, John Edward had blessed many lives and been blessed himself. Certainly, as was recorded in his obituary notice: He lived and died a faithful Saint. Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
Listing of Sources:
2. Vauna Marie Green Kelly, History of John Edward Metcalf, Jr., version: December 2008, p. 2. See under Metcalf, John Edward, Junior (1839) in “Family Album” at http://www.metcalfwaslin.org.
3. See the entry “1837-1848 Residences…,” found in Documents of John Edward Metcalf, Sr. (1812-1887) on this website.
4. Op. cit.: Vauna Marie Green Kelly, History of John Edward Metcalf, Jr. … p. 2…
5. Record of Members, Hull Branch, Yorkshire, England, 1844-1857, for John and his wife Mary, member numbers 218 & 219: FHL film # 0087004.
6. Family pedigree records and family group record information of Thomas Metcalf and Jane Gill, in possession of W. Bart Christenson, Provo, Utah. See the World Connect section on this website for further details.
7. Holy Trinity Church, Hull, Yorkshire, England, Baptism Records, 1792-1812, FHL film # 0990828.
8. Op. cit.: Family pedigree records…of Thomas Metcalf …World Connect…
10. Marriage to Mary Waslin, 23 December 1832, Sculcoates Marriage Records, 1831-1837, PE46/25, No. 303, pg. 135, East Riding Archives Office, County Hall, Beverley, England, HU17 9BA.
11. Beulah Nielson Christensen, History of John Edward Metcalf, Sr., written January 1958 (with clarifications added by Vauna Marie Green, in 1995). See under Metcalf, John Edward, Senior (1812) in “Family Album” at http://www.metcalfwaslin.org.
12. Family pedigree records and family group record information of John Edward Metcalf and Mary Waslin, in possession of W. Bart Christenson, Provo, Utah. See the World Connect section on this website for further details.
13. Record of Members, Hull Branch, Yorkshire, England, 1844-1857, member numbers 218 & 219: FHL film # 0087004.
14. Op. cit.: Family pedigree records…of John Edward Metcalf …World Connect…
15. Diary of James Farmer, part 1, p. 79. FHL film # 485342.
16. 1853 Passenger Manifesto for the Ellen Maria, showing James [John] and Mary Metcalf and family. A copy of this document was obtained from Elaine R. Harris, Salt Lake City, Utah, and is in the possession of W. Bart Christenson, Provo, Utah. The original source is not known.
17. Op. Cit.: Vauna Marie Green Kelly, History of John Edward …, Jr. … pp. 2-3 …
18. New Orleans Passenger Arrival List for the Ellen Maria, arriving from Liverpool, England on 7 March 1853: Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1820-1902. Micro publication M259 RG036. Rolls # 1-93. National Archives, Washington, D.C. http://ancestry.com.
19. Claudius V. Spencer Wagon Train information. Departing Kanesville, Iowa, 3 June 1853, the 250 person wagon train arrived in the Salt Lake Valley 17-26 September 1853: http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/0,15797,4017-1-284,00.html.
20. Emma Elizabeth Metcalf Brown, Anthony Metcalf History. See under Metcalf, Anthony (1845)  in “Family Album” at http://www.metcalfwaslin.org.
21. 1856 Utah State [Territory] Census for Fourth Ward, Great Salt Lake City: FHL film # 0505913.
22. Sealing to 1st wife, Mary Waslin [Wasling], 25 March 1855, in President's Office: TIB Index Card to Endowment House for John Edward Metcalf, FHL film # 1267711.
23. Mary Waslin's sealing to her husband, John Edward Metcalf, 25 March 1855, in President's Office: TIB Index Card to Endowment House for Mary Waslin [Wasling], FHL film # 1267987.
24. Op. cit.: Family pedigree records…of John Edward Metcalf …World Connect…
25. Op. cit.: Emma Elizabeth Metcalf Brown, Anthony Metcalf History…
26. Mary J. Chase Finley: A History of Springville, Art City Publishing Company, Springville, Utah, Third Printing, 1992, p. 27; in reference volume 979.2 Fin, found at the Springville, Utah Public Library.
27. Don Carlos Johum: A Brief History of Springville, Utah—Fifty Years, September 1830-September 1890, printed by William F. Gibson, Springville, Utah, September 1890, chapter 14, p. 65; FHL film # 1059490.
28. 1860 United States Federal Census for Springville, Utah, Utah Territory: Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Springville, Utah, Utah Territory; Roll: M653_1314; Page: 1011; Image:479. http://ancestry.com.
29. 1860 United States Federal Census for Springville, Utah, Utah Territory: Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Springville, Utah, Utah Territory; Roll: M653_1314; Page: 1004; Image: 472. http://ancestry.com.
30. Op. cit.: Mary J. Chase Finley: A History of Springville… p. 14.
31. Op. cit.: Family pedigree records…of John Edward Metcalf …World Connect…
32. Albert C. T. Antrei and Allen D. Roberts, A History of Sanpete County, Utah Centennial County History Series, Utah State Historical Society, 1999, Sanpete County Commission, pp. 371-372; volume 979.2 His, consulted at the Public Library in Springville, Utah.
33. Op. Cit.: Vauna Marie Green Kelly, History of John Edward …, Jr. … p. 3 …
34. Andrew Jenson, Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Deseret News Publishing Company, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1941, p. 248. Found at the Brigham Young University HBLL, volume #BX 8672.03.J451e.
35. Elmer Denison and Sons, 3 May 1981: Interview of Louisa Metcalf Denison Domgaard [daughter of John E Metcalf, Jr.]. Transcription in possession of Vauna Marie Green Kelly.
36. V. Lloyd Bartholomew: at the dedication of the Daughters of Utah Pioneer Marker, Fayette, Utah, 4 December 1955. Found in Martha Louise Wintsch Bartholomew (1896-1993) Early History of Fayette, p. 3. ABC Family Foundation Website. http://www.abcfamilytree.com/J_Bartholomew/Fayette_Early_History.htm.
37. W. M. Lever, History of Sanpete and Emery Counties, Utah: Sketches of Cities, Towns, and Villages…Biographies of Representative Citizens, published in the city of Ogden, Utah, in 1898, p. 565. BYU-HBL-FHL film # 900 No. 52.
38. Op. cit.: Albert C. T. Antrei and Allen D. Roberts, A History of Sanpete… p. 372.
39. Op. cit.: Andrew Jenson, Encyclopedic History… p. 248…
40. 1870 United States Federal Census for Warm Creek (later Fayette), Sanpete, Utah Territory: Census Place: Warm Creek, Sanpete, Utah Territory; Roll: M593_1612; Page: 94; Image: 189. http://ancestry.com.
41. 1880 United States Federal Census for Warm Creek (later Fayette), Sanpete, Utah Territory: http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html.
42. Service of John E. Medcalf, Sr. [Metcalf] in the Utah-Black Hawk Indian War, Utah Territory, 1866-1867, with the Fayette Militia: first, "1 April to 1 November 1866, as a private in G. Sidwell's Company"; then, "1 May to 1 November 1867, as a private in C. Tollstrup's Company." Card Index to Military Records of Indian Wars, 1866-1867, FHL film #0536221.
43. R. Warren Metcalf, A Reappraisal of Utah’s Black Hawk War…Master’s Thesis… pp. 1-3 and 160; Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, HBLL, #D.1.02.M48 1989.
44. Calling to be a missionary, 8 April 1877, at a Stake Conference in St. George, Utah. Deseret News, 8 April 1877: FHL film # 1259763.
45. Missionary Records, Book A; p. 42; #1644. (This means that he was the 1,644th missionary to be set apart since such records were begun in 1860; Joseph Fielding Smith was #1.) FHL film # 025664.
46. Arrival in Liverpool, England on SS Montana, 22 June 1877; from an article printed in the Deseret News, 18 July 1877: FHL film #1259763.
47. Letter from the mission field, written 23 December 1877, initially appearing in the Millennial Star, 14 January 1878: FHL film #1259764.
48. Report from mission field, Deseret News, 1 May 1878: FHL film #1259765.
49. Return from mission field, Deseret News, 14 May 1879: FHL film #1259766.
50. Bruce R. McConkie, Mormon Doctrine, Second Edition, Bookcraft, Salt Lake City, 1966, see Plural Marriage, pp. 577-579.
51. Sealing to 2nd wife, Cecelia Anderson, 7 June 1869, in Endowment House: Back side of T.I.B. Index Card to Endowment House for John Edward Metcalf, FHL film # 1267711.
52. Extraction of Record from the Endowment House Sealing to 2nd wife, Cecelia Andersen [Anderson], 7 June 1869. FHL film #1149515.
53. See under John Christian Metcalf in the family pedigree records and family group record information of John Edward Metcalf and Madselia Celia Andersen, in possession of W. Bart Christenson, Provo, Utah. See the World Connect section on this website for further details.
54. Extraction of Record from the Endowment House Sealing to 3rd wife, Ann Dearing [Bilton/Billton], 7 June 1869. FHL film #1149515. (See World Connect under Dearing or Bilton/Billton, Ann on this website for further details.)
55. See family pedigree records and family group record information of John Edward Metcalf and Ann Bilton/Billton, in possession of W. Bart Christenson, Provo, Utah. See the World Connect section on this website for further details.
56. Manti Temple Proxy Sealing Record of eight women to John Edward Metcalf: FHL film #170509, p. 216. (Sealing dated 6 November 1890.)
57. Obituary for wife, Mary Waslin Metcalf, who died 26 March 1884: Deseret News, 16 April 1884. Found at BYU-HBL-FHC, film #D45d, reel 28.
58. Obituary for John E. Metcalf, Sen., who died 4 February 1887: Deseret News, 16 February 1887. Found at BYU-HBL-FHC, film #D45d, reel 32.Table of Contents/photographs | Table of Contents/documents | JEM Additional Family History | Website Home | Christenson Line | Howells Line | Contact Me
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