Who Moved to Texas
Generation No. 1
1. ROBERT1 MCGOUGH1 was born 1725 2,3, and died in ,
He married MATILDA CARSON 6,7,8.
More About ROBERT MCGOUGH:
Record Change: 04 Apr 2001 9,10
More About MATILDA CARSON:
Record Change: 04 Apr 2001 11,12
Children of ROBERT MCGOUGH and MATILDA CARSON are:
i. MARY2 MCGOUGH12.
ii. ROBERT MCGOUGH12.
iii. SARA MCGOUGH12.
iv. JOHN MCGOUGH12, b. 21 Aug 1761, County Down, Northern
Ireland 12; d. 17 Oct 1847, White Plains, Greene County,
Notes for JOHN MCGOUGH:
John McGough, the grandfather of R.C. McGough,
though still a minor, enlisted in the patriot army under
Washington and participated in the battles of Brandywine,
Eutaw Springs and
Saratoga, where he saw the proud Burgoyne surrender to
Gen. Gates. He was
twice wounded, once on the head by a saber in the hands
of a British officer
and once by a gunshot. Soon after the Revolution he was
married to Margaret
Mill and settled in Edgefield district, S. C., from which
place he moved to
White Plains, Greene County, GA., where he died in 1847,
at the ripe age of
2. v. WILLIAM MCGOUGH, b. 1763; d. 1823, Jones or Twigg
vi. ISABELLA MCGOUGH12, b. 23 May 1764 12.
Generation No. 2
2. WILLIAM2 MCGOUGH (ROBERT1)13,14 was born 176315,16,
and died 1823 in
Jones or Twigg County, GA17,18. He married NANCY
SHARP19,20. She was born
Notes for WILLIAM MCGOUGH:
William, the most elusive of the three sons of ROBERT
MCGOUGH & MATILDA
CARSON, was born about 1767 in County Down Northern
Ireland and came to
America with his family in 1773. The family moved to
North Carolina and shortly
thereafter settled in Mecklenburg Co., but his father
died in 1778
when William was eleven. When he turned twenty-one he
of his father's estate, which was valued at 1,357 pounds.
It appears he
started building his empire with his inheritance at an
early age. In 1792,
he purchased a slave and was already accumulating land by
the time he was in
his early twenties. He appeared to be alternately living
County, GA and Abbyville County, SC. Whenever there was
Indian trouble in
Georgia, families moved back into South Carolina for
safety. William was
buying and selling land in both places.
11 Dec 1797 living Greene Co. bought 100 acres Greene Co.
18 Jan 1799 living Abbeville bought 163 acres Greene Co.
7 Jan 1800 living Abbeville bought 200 acres Greene Co.
7 Jan 1800 living Abbeville sold 200 acres Greene Co. GA
He also added to his holdings by a head right grant in
1792 in Greene Co.
and land lotteries in 1820 and 1821. He had amassed a
fortune by that day's
standards by the time he died in 1823. His administrators
were required to
post $16,000 bond when settling his estate. Bonds were
usually set at
1/10th the estimated value of the estate; meaning the
estate was valued at
approximately $160,000 in 1823 dollars.
We cannot determine when he married NANCY ?? , (B 1785
SC), but I suspect
William was married more than once. The Abbeville Co., SC
census for 1800
shows William with a wife and two males under ten and
Nancy was only fifteen
at the time. It is possible the wife was Nancy, but
unlikely, unless the
first children were twins, and twins do run repeatedly
through the McGough
family. South Carolina did not keep marriage records at
the time, so it is
doubtful we will ever know for sure when he married or
how many wives he
William was not old enough to have fought in the
Revolutionary War, except
perhaps in the latter days. He was only 8 when it started
and 16 when it
ended. The only service record I found was with
Major-General ELIJAH CLARKE
Clarke was a distinguished soldier of the Revolutionary
War, whose life had
been spent leading men into battle and developing
military strategy. In
1794, a man without an army, he gathered together the
remnants of the army
that had fought under him and organized a force to fight
the Indians. At
the time, Georgia only extended west to the Oconee River.
Clarke set up camp
across the Oconee River in Indian territory on land he
had acquired from the
Indians by treaty. Clarke in defeating the hostile
Indians in the area and
securing for Georgia, a large territory. These
independent actions were
unauthorized, but nevertheless, received the applause and
gratitude of the
Perhaps feeling his renewed power, or perhaps in a
misguided gesture he established a
Trans-Ooconee Republic, and forts were set up. Clark set
parties to round up supporters. Among the recruiters
named were JOSEPH
CARSON, ADAM CARSON (husband of SARA MCGOUGH) and WILLIAM
CARSON and his brother DAVID CARSON were put in command
of two of the forts.
The Federal Government and Georgia both tried to ignore
the whole effort as
being inconsequential since the settlement had become
very popular with the
citizens. But pressures about "the blatant disrespect for
the law being
allowed to prosper under the very nose of the government"
brought the issue
to a head. A certain COL. WILLIAM MELTON was sent to
request surrender of
the forces on the Oconee, and he found Adam Carson in
command of FT. Delance.
He described him as "the most ostensible character, who
efforts were in vain
as the "Trans-Oconee Republic" was short lived, having
met with overpowering
resistance from the federal and state governments.
This is the only mention I have found of military service
unless he was in the home guard in the close of the war
when no formal
Sometime along the way, William moved to Jones Co., GA.
indicated this is where he died in the latter part of
1823. Since there was
no will, the court listed his administrators as Nancy,
his wife, and Thomas
Carson and James C. his sons. We do not find Nancy again
until the 1850
census where she is living with daughter, Elizabeth, in
Talbot County, GA.
She is not found in 1860, so we assume she had died
during this 10 year
period. I have not determined the resting place of either
William or Nancy.
The children of William also is a questionable area.
THOMAS CARSON and
JAMES C. are documented in the administration papers for
his estate, and
ELIZABETH'S obituary indicates she was the daughter of
William and Nancy
McGough, so we can be fairly sure they are his children.
SARAH is indicated
as being the daughter of William and Nancy McGough in a
book on the CARSON
family and WESTBROOK family tradition says William was
the son of this
William. I have found no records or document to discredit
and census records do support it. Since their ages match
life span, I have included them. I have also included
MARGARET as his child
because she was married in the same county during this
same time period, and
taking into consideration her birth date, he was the only
McGough in the
area to whom she could have belonged. Margaret also moved
to Talbot County,
GA, and was living near Elizabeth in the 1850 census.
Since the McGough
name was so uncommon during this time, I feel this is a
With a more common name, I would not have made the same
have been only a few cases where I found the McGough name
without being able
to place them within the family somewhere. The marriage
records did not
show the parents, so as of this date, Margaret and Sarah
assumptions and should not be stated as fact.
More About NANCY SHARP:
Record Change: 04 Apr 2001 23,24
Children of WILLIAM MCGOUGH and NANCY SHARP are:
i. MARGARET3 MCGOUGH24, b. 179324; m. BEJAMIN R. SEARCY,
1822, Jones county, Georgia.
3. ii. THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH, b. 23 Nov 1799, ,Abbeville,
SC; d. 12
Aug 1880, Eastland county, TX.
iii. JAMES C. MCGOUGH24, b. 1802 24; d. Bet. 1892 - 1895
MARY, 15 Sep 1852, Bibb County, Georgia.
iv. WILLIAM MCGOUGH24, b. 1804 24; m. MARTHA MCMILLIN, 14
1827, Jones county, Georgia.
v. SARAH MCGOUGH24, b. 24 May 1805 24; d. 23 Oct 188324;
CARSON, 04 Jan 1827, Jones county, Georgia.
vi. ELIZABETH MCGOUGH24, b. 02 Mar 1808, GA 24; d. 17 Mar
Talbot County, GA24; m. JOHN BAREFIELD, 04 Feb 1827,
Jones county, Georgia.
Generation No. 3
3. THOMAS CARSON 3 MCGOUGH (WILLIAM 2, ROBERT 1)25,26 was
born 23 Nov 1799 in
,Abbeville, SC27,28, and died 12 Aug 1880 in Eastland
county, TX 28. He
married LANA KITCHENS 29,30 24 Aug 1832 in Jones County,
GA 31,32. She was
born 1810 in SC33,34, and died 1850 in ,Warren, GAv35,36.
Notes for THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH:
Thomas Carson, was the oldest known child of WILLIAM &
Documents show he led a varied life, but do not give us a
vivid picture of
the man. He owned a plantation seven miles east of Macon,
undoubtedly was a learned man, as one son remembered a
large library. He was
a justice of the peace in Twigg County, GA, a surveyor in
Florida, and a
schoolteacher and postmaster in Texas. Thomas married
Lana Kitchens (B 1810
SC) in Jones County, GA on 24 Aug. 1832. She was
connected with the BROOK
and KELLEY families of Warren Co., GA. Lana died giving
birth to Georgiann
about 1850. Family tradition says he married another
woman and left his
children with her sometime in 1856 to go to Florida. She
was said to have
mistreated the children, and William, James, Elizer and
Lana decided to move
west with some family members sometime in 1856. The
oldest sons, Henry and
Thomas are not mentioned in the account of moving west or
any account of the
family I have read. We don't know what happened to Henry
but Thomas is said
to have married a blind girl and moved to California and
was never heard
from again. The youngest child Georgiann, died before the
sisters decided to move west of a severe case of stomach
Whether there were hard feelings between the father and
the children fro him
having left them in GA, I can not determine. Sometime
between 1856 and
1860, Thomas Carson McGough moved to Texas and found his
children as he is
again shown living with his son, William in the 1860
census, in Parker Co,
TX. He is shown as being a school teacher. He was still
William in FT. Griffin, Eastland County, TX in 1870,
where he is shown as a
farmer. On 12 Aug. 1874, when he was 75, Thomas was
appointed as postmaster
of McGough Springs. He died from a fall off a wagon on 12
Aug. 1880, in
Eastland County, TX, and is buried in what is called the
McGough Cemetery; a
small plot on land now owned by Finis Johnson, next to
homestead of William Carson McGough.
More About THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH:
Burial: McGough Cemetery36
Cause of Death: Falling off a wagon 36
Census: 1880, Precinct 1, Eastland County, Texas37
Occupation: Justice of the Peace, Twigg County, Georgia
More About LANA KITCHENS:
Cause of Death: died giving birth 38
Children of THOMAS MCGOUGH and LANA KITCHENS are:
i. NANCY J.4 MCGOUGH38.
ii. HENRY MCGOUGH38, b. 1832, Macon, Bibb Co., GA38.
iii. THOMAS J. MCGOUGH38, b. 1833, ,Twigg, GA38.
Notes for THOMAS J. MCGOUGH:
It is said that he married a blind girl and moved to
California and was never heard from again. He had a boy
and a girl.
iv. WILLIAM CARSON MCGOUGH38, b. 11 Dec 1836, ,Twigg
GA 38; d. 20 Apr 1927, Eastland county, TX38; m. (1)
PAULINA BIRCH, 18 Jan
1858, Weatherford, Parker County, TX; b. 08 Jul 1838; m.
(2) MARY E.
WESTBROOK, 10 Jun 1875, Erath County, Texas; b. 26 Jan
1860; d. Aug 1893; m.
(3) EQUILLAH RUSHING, 05 Mar 1895, Palo Pinto County,
Texas; m. (4) DRUCELLA
WEBB, 02 Sep 1900; b. 04 Oct 1881; d. 24 Oct 1960,
Eastland County, Texas.
Notes for WILLIAM CARSON MCGOUGH:
William Carson (uncle billy) McGough, the 3rd child
of THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH and LANA KITCHENS was born 11
Dec 1836, in Twigg
county, GA. He was a colorful character to say the least.
When his mother
died at age 14, he became restless, and at 17 he ventured
out on his own.
He stayed in Warren County, GA for a year and then moved
to Cass county,
going into the saloon business for a time and then
carrying the mail during
About this time some of William's relatives, the
RILEYS, BELLS & KELLEY'S, decided to move from Georgia to
brothers and sisters were not treated well by their
step-mother and their
father had deserted them to go to Florida as a surveyor.
William and James
took the responsibility of their sisters and joined the
wagons moving west
in 1856. Another account indicates William left Georgia
because of a fight
he got into with the brother of his step-mother. Whatever
his reason for
leaving, the trip proved to be a harrowing experience.
Mississippi River where they crossed at St. Francis, was
3 miles wide. A
flat boat mishap almost cut their venture short. Then
came 40 miles of mud
and water axle deep. The White River and Cold water river
had to be crossed
next. Even the dry Grand Prairie had the hazards of the
vicious green flies
and buffalo gnats. When they reached the city of Dallas,
it consisted of
two log-cabin stores and only a few residences and was
not the welcoming
sight they had expected.
The plains of Texas were beautiful, but the
isolation and lack of roads and civilization, wild
animals, hostile Indians
and unknown dangers, made the women of the party decide
Eighteen miles west of Ft. Worth, the RILEYS and BELLS
turned toward what
would become Hood County, TX and two KELLY families
decided to return to
Georgia and wanted to take Eliza and Lana with them. The
realized William would not be separated from his sisters
and they were left
the four children who had only their clothing and $13.90.
William and his
little family caught a ride to Parker County with two
kindly youths named
TURNER in an ox cart. William and brother, James Barney,
boarded Liza and
Lana with the JAMES ELLISON family, while they tried to
decide their future.
They pre-emptied land and settled in Parker County, TX.
Life was not easy
for two Georgia boys who were not skilled in hunting.
There was game
aplenty in the forest but they lived on milk thickened
with flour. Their
lack of knowledge may have been their savior, since they
probably would have
been killed by the Indians had they ventured into the
forest. Four years
later they became some of the first settlers in Eastland
The perils of the frontier were many; Indians being
the foremost. William and his brother, James Barney,
joined the State
Militia at an early age; necessity making them Indian
moved into unsettled Indian territory and on 1 Nov. 1863,
claimed land with
three fresh water springs. Because this was a favorite
watering place of
the local Indians, William was forced on numerous
occasions to defend the
claim the he called "McGough Springs". He was wounded
several times in the
They had a reputation for tenacity, firmness and
quick triggered justice. they fought Mexicans, Indians,
bandits and cattle
thieves, furnishing their own, horse, gun and provisions.
that tamed the West, Samuel Colt's "Colt 45", was made
specifications of the Texas Rangers.
William Carson and James Barney are both shown in
the State Militia in the same unit that is also shown as
Confederate Army during the Civil War. It appears that
the State Militia
and the Confederate Army were indistinguishable about
this time around
Eastland County, TX. Perhaps this also included the Texas
history insists they were distinct groups. Fighting men
were scarce on the
frontier at this time and the same group of men did the
they were formerly named.
Marker Title: Fort Blair, C.S.A.
Year Marker Erected: 1965
Marker Location: SH 16 at south city limits
Marker Text: A few miles to the southwest. Largest
far western "family fort" used throughout Civil War.
Started by C.C. Blair,
1857 settler. 1861-1865 occupants were Wm. Arthur, Blair,
Jasper, Jim and Tom Gilbert; W.C. McGough, W.H. Mansker
others. The fort had 12 log cabins, 14 ft. square, 14 ft.
apart in two
parallel rows. Pickets walled spaces between cabins.
supplies could be bought only by making long, dangerous
trips to the Brazos
settlements or to the south. Men were hard to spare for a
trip, from the
fort's defenders against the Indians. Candles, soap,
soda, food, clothing
were made in the fort, by use of fat renderings, beeswax,
wood ashes, wild
herbs, bark, roots, berries, animal skins. Families had
education for their children. Other area forts included
Allen's Ranch, also
in Eastland County; Lynch and Green Ranches, Shackelford
Springs, Clay County; Bragg's and Murray's Forts, Young
Fort Davis, Owls Head and Mugginsville, Stephens County.
After the war,
Desdemona was established as a stop on the Old Waco-Fr.
Griffin Road. It
boomed to fame when oil was discovered in 1918. Its call
for help to end
lawlessness added new glory to the Texas Rangers.
The first Anglo presence in the region cannot be
positively documented, but in 1837 W. A. A. (Big Foot)
Wallace might have
entered what later became Eastland County with a
surveying expedition. Among
the first settlers in the county was Frank Sбnchez, a
Mexican American who
arrived in the area in the 1850s. By 1858 residents
included the families of
John Flannegan (or Flannagan) from Kentucky, W. H.
Mansker from Arkansas, W.
C. McGough and James Ellison from Georgia, J. M. Ellison
from Texas, and the
Gilbert boys from Alabama. That year the Texas
legislature formed Eastland
County from land formerly assigned to Bosque, Coryell,
and Travis counties;
the county was attached to Palo Pinto County for judicial
McGough Springs, the first community in the county,
was established before the Civil War; another, Mansker
Lake (later named
Alameda), was founded around 1859. Blair's Fort was built
by C. C. Blair
about 1860 and used for protection against Indian raids.
In 1860, the census
counted ninety-nine people living in the county, and the
economy had only begun to develop. While the agricultural
330 sheep, 1,075 milk cows, and almost 2,550 other cattle
in the county that
year, "improved" land comprised only 650 acres. Settlers
were growing small
plots of corn, beans, and sweet potatoes.
Due in part to its isolation from other settled
areas and frequent trouble from raiding Indians, the
sparsely settled until the 1870s. Conflict between
settlers and Kiowa and
Comanche Indians became serious enough during the 1860s
that a company of
minutemen was organized to guard the frontier; the
largest fight occurred at
Ellison Springs in August 1864. Due to the dangers of
settlement in the
area, the county's population actually declined during
the 1860s; in 1870
the census found only seventy-seven people living in
Agriculture had also declined since the beginning of the
Civil War. There
were only five farms in the county in 1870, all of them
smaller than twenty
acres in size; only sixteen acres of improved land
existed in the entire
More About WILLIAM CARSON MCGOUGH:
Burial: Providence Cemetary 38
Cause of Death: Cancer 38
More About PAULINA BIRCH:
Cause of Death: Hemorrhaged to death/along with
More About MARY E. WESTBROOK:
Burial: McGough Springs, Eastland County, Texas
v. JAMES BARNEY MCGOUGH38, b. 24 Jan 1839, ,Twigg, GA38;
Dec 1896, Erath County, TX38; m. LYDIA WADE KEITH, 05 Jul
County, Texas; b. 20 Nov 1843, Titus County, Texas; d. 13
Victor,Erath County, Texas39.
Notes for JAMES BARNEY MCGOUGH:
James Barney, the fourth son of THOMAS CARSON
MCGOUGH & LANA KITCHENS, was born 24 Jan 1839 in Twigg
County, Georgia. His
father deserted the children with a step-mother sometime
in the early 1850's
and went to Florida. The step-mother was not kind to the
children and in
1856 James Barney and his older brother, William Carson,
decided to move
their two sisters west with some of their relatives.
James Barney was only
17 and his brother only 19 when they joined the wagon
train, but they
accepted the responsibility for their sisters who were
only 10 and 13. The
children must have left a comfortable home outside Macon,
GA, since an
account by William Carson says he remembers a large
library on the Georgia
Plantation. We have no record of what happened to the
plantation after the
children left, but before 1860 their father, Thomas
Carson had found them in
Texas and was living with them.
Upon reaching Parker Co., TX, the two brothers left
the girls with the Ellison family while they ventured out
into the frontier
wilderness to decide their future. James Barney and
presented land out being from a plantation in Georgia,
they were not trained
to live on the wild Texas frontier. Game abound in the
forest but they
weren't skilled enough to hunt it and lived on milk
thickened with flour
from borrowed cows. Their lack of skill may have saved
their lives since
they would of surely been killed by the Indians if they
had ventured into
Sometime between 1856-1860, their father, Thomas
Carson, came to Texas and found the children. The 1860
census of Parker
County, TX, shows William Carson, Paulina, Sarah (his
wife and daughter),
James Barney and their sister Lana Ann, and their father,
living in the same household. In 1863 the whole family
moved over to
Eastland county, TX.
Ft. Blair was built in Eastland Co. as a safe place
when there were Indian uprisings. The first wedding at
this fort was BERRY
MOORE KEITH & SARAH JANE BLAIR. Berry Moore was to be
brother-in-law and it was from this fort in July 1863,
that James Barney and
Berry Moore Keith, rode to Comanche Co., TX, for a
marriage license since
Eastland County had no courthouse. It isn't mentioned of
they had a double
wedding but on 5 Jul. 1863, in Eastland County, James
Barney married Lydia
Wade Keith, daughter of Gabriel Keith and Cynthia Jane
Campbell. This was
the middle of the Civil War.
To fight the ever-present threat of Indian attack,
James Barney joined the state militia as did his brother,
Being an Indian fighter on the early frontier was not a
choice but a real
necessity in order to survive. When the militia was
formed, the state set a
quota of 45 men from the age of 18 to 45 for the Eastland
County, area. It
took men from the counties of Eastland, Shackelford and
Callahan to fill the
From the records, it appears the State Militia also
became the Confederate Army at the time of the Civil War.
All the available
men were already formed and simply fought under whatever
title was given to
them. James Barney is listed as 2nd Lieutenant and 1st
Lieutenant in Capt.
Singleton Gilbert's Co., Erath Bat, Mounted Men, 2nd
Frontier, CSA, during
the Civil War. Capt. Singleton died at the Battle of
Ellison Springs in
August 1864, and James Barney was made Capt. This is the
same company that
was also shown as the State Militia. I am not sure the
Texas troops has
much time to fight the Yankees, they were too busy
fighting the Indians
during this time. James Barney is shown as joining the
CSA in April 1863
until the close of the war. Lydia filed for his
Confederate pension on 12
May 1915, but died the next day and drew nothing.
For some reason James Barney deeded 5 horses, 160
head of cattle, 30 hogs and 10 head of goats to Lydia on
6 Sept. 1877.
Lydia's father deeded livestock to his wife at the same
time. This was 19
years before his death and I know of no reason for the
James Barney and Lydia settled in Erath County, TX
and lived there until James died 10 Dec. 1896. He is
buried there in Victor
Cemetery. Lydia died 13 May 1915 and is buried beside
More About JAMES BARNEY MCGOUGH:
Burial: Victor Cemetary40
More About LYDIA WADE KEITH:
Burial: Victor Cemetery
vi. ELIZA JANE MCGOUGH40, b. 03 Mar 1843, ,Twigg, GA40;
May 1910, Eastland county, TX40; m. JAMES MADISON
ELLISON, 1858, Parker
County, Texas; b. 25 Mar 1840, Jacksonville, Calhoun
County, Alabama; d. 06
Jun 1923, Rio Grande Valley in Harlingen, Cameron county,
Notes for ELIZA JANE MCGOUGH:
Eliza Jane, the oldest daughter and fifth child of
Thomas Carson McGough and Lana Kitchens, was born 3 mar.
1843, in Macon,
Twigg County, GA. She came to Texas with her brothers and
sister in April
1856. Her mother was dead, her father was somewhere in
Florida unknown to
the children and their step-mother mistreated the
children, so Eliza's older
brothers decided the children should travel with
relatives who were moving
west. The journey was hard for them since they had been
raised on what must
have been a fairly nice plantation near Macon, GA. and
the frontier wasn't
any better. Eliza and her sister, Lana, were boarded with
the James Ellison
family while they sought to settle themselves in the new
The James Ellison family was familiar with the
frontier. James Ellison was from Tennessee and his wife
was from Alabama,
indicating that his desire to explore the wilderness had
James Ellison's two oldest children were born in Alabama,
the next three
were born in Arkansas and the two youngest brothers were
born in Texas.
They appeared to be always on the fringe of the frontier.
This love of the wilderness and desire to explore
the unknown hand drawn the oldest son, James Madison, to
push past the
fringe of the frontier on his own. In his search he found
spring surrounded by fertile soil, game and natural
protection providing all
the necessities of life. He said "This is the Place." He
built a log cabin
and decided to return home to visit his parents. Here
James L Madison
Ellison, son of James Ellison and Nancy Baird, found
Eliza and James Madison were married about 1858 in
Parker County, TX. He took her to his log cabin at
Ellison Springs in
Eastland County, TX, not far from McGough Springs, where
McGough lived. In the spring Texas Bluebonnets covered
the country side
around the cabin, Eliza was described as a saintly soul
who did everything
she could for others, but she was frail of statue. James
Madison was a
horse breeder and he developed a superior breed of fine
race horses. Horse
racing was the most popular sport for the men of the
area. It was at one of
these horse races that their son, James Thomas was shot
in an argument over
the outcome of the race. The losing horse was to be
forfeited to the
winner. The Ellison horse was the clear winner, but
battle ensued and James
Thomas was killed by a bullet intended for his father.
household was engulfed with sadness. In order to comfort
Eliza in her
grief, James Madison began construction of a new house.
This house is still
standing after more than 100 years and the Ellison Spring
still runs pure,
In 1904, James Madison built the Ellison Spring
Baptist Church on his land. Eliza was a devoutly
religious woman. On one
occasion, she enlisted the help of two puritanical
baptist members to pray
that a wet--weather spring her husband had sold to a
whiskey maker would dry
up. This it did, much to Eliza's delight and James
Madison's dismay. You
could never convince Eliza it was because of the
conditions and not her prayers.
James Madison was injured in his hip by an Indian
arrow when he was 24 and kept a limp resulting from the
injury for life.
Eliza died 22 May 1910, at Ellison Springs and is buried
at Ellison Family
Graveyard which is on a grassy knoll shaded by spreading
oak trees, across
the meadow from the homestead in Eastland. James Madison
was grief stricken
without his faithful companion of 51 years, and brought
his children to
Ellison Springs to share his home. The oil boom of 1917,
He leased his land to the Texas and Pacific Oil and Coal
Company, and bought
a citrus fruit farm in the Rio Grande Valley in
Harlingen, Cameron County,
TX. James Madison died there on 6 Jun 1923, and was
brought home by train
to be buried in the Ellison Graveyard by Eliza. His
would have led one to be to believe he was a weak, frail
man. He was five
feet, seven inches tall and weighed one hundred twenty
seven pounds at
death. But looks were deceiving. He was a strong, wiry,
individual, with great perseverance and dauntless courage
and an adventurous
spirit. he sustained an inner courage and spirit of
his life and it enabled him to overcome hardships and
accomplish many things
which contributed to the development of his community,
county and state.
There has been a great deal of interest shown in the
history of Ellison Springs by descendants of the Ellison
the efforts of 3 great granddaughters, Mrs. Alton White,
Anderson and Mrs. R.D. Wright, the Ellison Springs home
site and the Ellison
Family Graveyard have been designated historical
landmarks by the Texas
Historical Commission. Historical markers were erected
and dedicated at
Ellison Springs in 1975 and Ellison Family Graveyard in
1977. This is a
source of great pride to the descendants of Eliza McGough
and James L.
Madison Ellison. The family history that is so meaningful
to them has now
been recognized in historical circles.
More About ELIZA JANE MCGOUGH:
Burial: Ellison Family Graveyard40
Notes for JAMES MADISON ELLISON:
From Gorman take FM 8 East about 3.5 miles to 2
markers on north side of highway to find Ellison Family
ELLISON SPRING BRANCH. Ellison Spring Branch rises
two miles north of Gorman in southeastern Eastland County
(at 32°14' N,
98°40' W) and runs east for six miles to its mouth on the
Leon River, four
miles northeast of Gorman (at 32°15' N, 98°36' W). In its
upper reaches the
stream traverses an area of steep-sloped terrain surfaced
by shallow sandy
soils that support juniper, grasses, and scattered oak.
In its lower reaches
it passes through steeply to moderately sloping hills,
surfaced by shallow
stony clay and sandy loams that support oak, mesquite,
and grasses. It is
probably named for J. M. Ellison, who had an early land
grant in the area
through which it flows. In 1864 the Ellison Springs
Indian Fight took place
near the headwaters of the creek.
More About JAMES MADISON ELLISON:
Burial: Ellison Family Graveyard
4. vii. LANA ANN MCGOUGH, b. 19 Jan 1846, Twigg County,
GA; d. 21
Nov 1933, Staff, Eastland, TX.
viii. GEORGIANN MCGOUGH40, b. 1849, Twigg County, GA40;
Twigg County, GA40.
Notes for GEORGIANN MCGOUGH:
her mother died when she was born and Georgiann is
said to have died at about 1 year of age of a severe case
of stomach worms
Generation No. 4
4. LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH (THOMAS CARSON3, WILLIAM2,
ROBERT1)41,42 was born 19
Jan 1846 in Twigg County, GA43,44, and died 21 Nov 1933
in Staff, Eastland,
TX45,46. She married (1) SAM P. GILBERT47,48 1860 in
son of THOMAS GILBERT and POLLY CUNNINGHAM. He was born
1832 in ,St. Clair,
Alabama51,52, and died 1869 in ,Eastland, TX53,54. She
married (2) BERRY
BRITTIAN54 187554. He died Jan 1909 in Eastland county,
TX54. She married
(3) L. A. BRASHEAR54 08 Jun 191254.
Notes for LANA ANN MCGOUGH:
Her mother had died when she was 4 and her father went to
Florida as a
surveyor and left the children with their step-mother who
In April, 1856, the children decided to move west to
Texas with some
relatives. In 1860 she is living in Parker County, TX
with her father, her
brother, William and his family and her brother, James
Barney. They finally
settled in Eastland county, TX. Sometime in 1860, when
she was 15 year's
old, she married her first husband, Sam B. Gilbert, who
rasied horses for a
living. He belonged to the State Militia and in 1868 he
was wounded by a
poison arrow in the last Indian battle at Ellison
Springs. He died of the
wound 3 months later in Lampasas, TX. The census gives
the date of birth of
Lana's fifth child, Ross, as 1869. If this is correct,
she was pregnant when
Sam died. Lana didn't have very good luck with her
husbands. In 1875, Lana
married her second husband, Berry Brittian . Her third
husband was L.A.
Lanie did say that Lana did tell her a story of how she
was at her brother
William (Bill) home and a Leveed man tried to climb or
did climb into her
window at night. She thought it was a god and kicked at
the thing and
realized it was a man. She told him to get out she told
her sister in law
the next morning.
More About LANA ANN MCGOUGH:
Burial: Merriman Cemetery54
Census: 1870, Eastland County, Texas55
Notes for SAM P. GILBERT:
Notes from Kaye Schwertner: Interview with Lanie McMahon
Lanie McMahon said she didn't know of any family secrets.
If there was one
she didn't know it; she felt the date of death for Sam
Gilbert listed in
Helen Langston's Book " A history of Eastland County" is
believes that he died in 1869.
Writings of the children born to Sam and Lana Ann say
that they did have 5
children. (verified in several old papers)
Laynie said that Lana never talked about Sam Gilbert too
much . She never
mentioned where he was buried and about his death.
More About SAM P. GILBERT:
Census: 1860, Eastland County, Texas56
Notes for BERRY BRITTIAN:
In 1902 in the preparation of the wedding supper for his
daughter Ollie, he
accidently cut his wrist just above his thumb. All the
wedding guest felt
sure that Berry would bleed to death so they sent his
Severe McDonald, after his mother Lizzie McDonald
Criswell. Lizzie Cristwell
was known to have a special gift that enabled her to stop
blood from cuts.
Severe had to ride horseback about 3 miles to his mothers
telling her about Berry she told him to go back to the
party that the
bleeding had stopped. Severe checked the time on his
mothers clock before
riding back. When he arrived back to the Brittians, Berry
stopped bleeding and they had also noted the time and it
was at the exact
same time Severe had noted on his mothers clock.
This incident is told by Lanie McDonald McMahon, daughter
of Jim and Ollie
McDonald for whom the wedding party was being held.
More About BERRY BRITTIAN:
Cause of Death: heart attack57
Children of LANA MCGOUGH and SAM GILBERT are:
i. JIM5 GILBERT57, b. 11 Feb 1862, ,Eastland, TX57; d.
ii. JOHNNIE GILBERT57, b. 11 Feb 186357.
5. iii. WILLIAM MACKNESS GILBERT, b. 09 Feb 1864,
,Eastland, TX; d.
05 Mar 1954, Abilene, Taylor, TX.
6. iv. ZILLA JANE GILBERT, b. 23 Feb 1866, Lampasses, TX;
d. 28 Feb
1964, Abernathy, Hale County, TX.
v. ROSS B GILBERT57, b. Aug 1870, ,Eastland County, TX57;
1871, Eastland County, Texas57.
More About ROSS B GILBERT:
Census: 1870, Eastland County, Texas58
Children of LANA MCGOUGH and BERRY BRITTIAN are:
vi. FRANK5 BRITTIAN59, b. Texas59.
vii. ROSA BRITTIAN59, b. 187659.
Notes for ROSA BRITTIAN:
their daughter was friend of Bonnie Parker and Cyde
Barrow, the infamous Bonnie and Clyde
viii. JENNIE BRITTIAN59, b. 1878, Texas59; d. 1878,
ix. TOM BRITTIAN59, b. 1880, Texas59.
x. FRANK BRITTAIN, b. Feb 1881, Texas; m. EDNA ROBASON,
Stonewall county, Texas; b. 1885.
Notes for FRANK BRITTAIN:
1920 Memphis, Hall County, Texas
Frank Brittian, rents, 38, TX TX GA, laborer plus
Edna Brittian, 31, TX TX CA
Franklin Brittain, daughter, 11, TX (Frankie)
Jessie Brittain, son 9, TX (John "Sonny")
Zona Brittain, daughter 6, TX (Violet "Doodle")
Mclalin Brittain, daughter, 4, TX (Female Child)
More About FRANK BRITTAIN:
Census: 1920, Memphis, Hall County, Texas60
7. xi. NORA LIZZIE BRITTIAN, b. 04 Mar 1883, Texas.
xii. OLLIE CANDACE BRITTIAN61, b. 22 Jul 1885, Texas61.
xiii. DORA BRITTIAN61, b. 21 Nov 1888, Texas61; d. 16 Jul
Eastland county, TX61.
Generation No. 5
5. WILLIAM MACKNESS5 GILBERT (LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH, THOMAS
ROBERT1)61 was born 09 Feb 1864 in ,Eastland, TX61, and
died 05 Mar 1954 in
Abilene, Taylor, TX61. He married RYMIE CYMIE KIZZIE
WRIGHT 10 Jul 1884 in
Eastland County, Texas. She was born 05 Jul 1865 in Henry
Tennessee, and died 18 Nov 1956 in Abilene, Taylor
Notes for WILLIAM MACKNESS GILBERT:
was still an active cowboy at the age of 70
More About WILLIAM MACKNESS GILBERT:
Burial: Potasia Cemetery61
Census: 1880, Precinct 1, Eastland County, TX62
More About RYMIE CYMIE KIZZIE WRIGHT:
Burial: Potasia Cemetery
Children of WILLIAM GILBERT and RYMIE WRIGHT are:
8. i. JESSE GREEN6 GILBERT, b. 21 Jun 1885, Ranger,
9. ii. MYRTLE ANN GILBERT, b. 28 Apr 1887, Eastland
d. Apr 1951, Lubbock, Lubbock County, Texas.
10. iii. SAMUEL NATHAN GILBERT, b. 19 May 1889, Eastland
Texas; d. 31 Mar 1980.
11. iv. CAL HERMAN GILBERT, b. 02 Apr 1892, Eastland
d. 07 Jul 1971.
v. ULA MAE GILBERT, b. 18 Sep 1894, Eastland County,
18 Sep 1894, Eastland County, Texas.
12. vi. LAURA GERTRUDE GILBERT, b. 12 Oct 1896, Olden,
County, Texas; d. 12 Jul 1980, Taylor County, Texas.
13. vii. ZILLAH EMMERINE GILBERT, b. 28 Jan 1899, Olden,
viii. ORAN LINSEY GILBERT, b. 20 Apr 1902, Stonewall
Texas; d. 1905.
14. ix. COLONEL ROBERT GILBERT, b. 20 Jul 1904, Stonewall
Texas; d. 18 Nov 1980.
x. THOMAS FRANKLIN GILBERT, b. 18 Nov 1906, Stonewall
Texas; d. 1912.
6. ZILLA JANE5 GILBERT (LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH, THOMAS
ROBERT1)63,64 was born 23 Feb 1866 in Lampasses, TX65,66,
and died 28 Feb
1964 in Abernathy, Hale County, TX67,68. She married
JAMES ANCEL BEARDEN,
son of ANCEL BEARDEN and MARTHA BURT. He was born 14 Mar
1853 in Atlanta,
Georgia, and died 06 Feb 1931 in Abernathy, Hale County,
Notes for ZILLA JANE GILBERT:
first white woman born in Lampasses, TX
More About ZILLA JANE GILBERT:
Burial: Script Cemetary, Abernathy, TX69,70
Census: 1880, Precint 1, Eastland County, TX71
Record Change: 03 Apr 200172,73
Notes for JAMES ANCEL BEARDEN:
James Ancel and James Marion (brothers) died within 5
days of each other,
neither one knew the other was sick.
More About JAMES ANCEL BEARDEN:
Burial: Script Cemetary, Abernathy, Hale County, Texas
Cause of Death: inflammation of Prostate gland
Occupation: Baptist Preacher
Children of ZILLA GILBERT and JAMES BEARDEN are:
i. JAMES EDGAR6 BEARDEN.
More About JAMES EDGAR BEARDEN:
Cause of Death: died young
ii. WILLIE BEARDEN.
More About WILLIE BEARDEN:
Burial: Double Mountain Cemetery, near Peacock,
15. iii. RUEBEN SAMUEL BEARDEN, b. 30 Jun 1885, Eastland
Texas; d. 14 Aug 1973, Brownfield, Texas.
16. iv. JOHN CUSTER BEARDEN, b. 17 Sep 1889; d. 30 Sep
17. v. CARSON ANCEL BEARDEN, b. 04 Mar 1892; d. Jul 1978,
Lubbock County, Texas.
18. vi. ROSA ESTELLA BEARDEN, b. 21 Feb 1895, Palo Pinto,
07 Oct 1995, Lubbock, Lubbock County, Texas.
19. vii. IVA FRANCIS BEARDEN, b. 21 Jan 1898; d. 14 Feb
Aspermont, Stonewall County, Texas.
20. viii. JEWEL LOUSIA BEARDEN, b. 02 Aug 1900; d. 17 Jan
Aspermont, Stonewall County, Texas.
ix. JOE BEARDEN, b. 14 Dec 1902; d. 1920.
More About JOE BEARDEN:
Burial: Red Springs, Texas
x. ALENA LEOLA BEARDEN, b. 28 Jul 1907, Peacock, Texas;
HEBERT C. SCOTT; b. 1925.
More About ALENA LEOLA BEARDEN:
Notes for HEBERT C. SCOTT:
I am showing Herbert Scott was born ABT. 1905 -the
information I have came from Bertha Scott's daughter. She
is getting old and
can't see well, but her mind seems to be well - intact.
Bertha (and Herbert) parents were Williard H. Scott
and Willie Royal. I have the information from the 1900
Montaque County TX.
census and the 1910 Harmon County Ok. census.
1900 Forest burg, Montague County, TX
Series: T623 Roll: 1660 Page: 97
Scott, Willard, age 29 M W B. July 1871; married 10
years; TX KY --; farmer
Willie, wife, B. Sep 1875 age 24; married 10
years; 4 children born/3
living; TX -- MO;
Bertha, Dau B. Sep 1891 age 8 B. TX
Burley or Barley, son B. Feb 1894 age 6 B. TX
Thomas, son B. Aug 1899 B. TX
1910 Madge Twp., Harmon OK
Series: T624 Roll 1253 Page 292
Scott, W H age 38 B. TX; KY GA; 1st marriage;
married 19 years
Willie, wife age 33; first marriage; married 19
years; 8 children born/7
living; TX AR MO
Burley, son age 16 B TX
Leonard son age 11 B TX
Jessie Dau age 8 B TX
Herburt son age 5 B TX
Carl, son age 3 B OK
Sarah Dau age 4 months B OK
Martha, mother age 66 widow; 7 children born/3
living; GA US US
xi. BABY GIRL BEARDEN, b. 1916; d. 1918.
7. NORA LIZZIE5 BRITTIAN (LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH, THOMAS
ROBERT1)73 was born 04 Mar 1883 in Texas73. She married
in Stonewall county, texas73.
Child of NORA BRITTIAN and SEVERE MCDONALD is:
i. LIVING6 MCDONALD73.