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McGoughs Who Moved to Texas

by Brandie Via

 

Generation No. 1

 
1. ROBERT1 MCGOUGH1 was born 1725 2,3, and died in , Mecklenburg, NC4,5.
He married MATILDA CARSON 6,7,8.
 
More About ROBERT MCGOUGH:
Record Change: 04 Apr 2001 9,10
 
More About MATILDA CARSON:
Record Change: 04 Apr 2001 11,12
Children of ROBERT MCGOUGH and MATILDA CARSON are:
i. MARY2 MCGOUGH12.
ii. ROBERT MCGOUGH12.
iii. SARA MCGOUGH12.
iv. JOHN MCGOUGH12, b. 21 Aug 1761, County Down, Northern
Ireland 12; d. 17 Oct 1847, White Plains, Greene County, Georgia12; m.
ELIZABETH CARSON.
 
Notes for JOHN MCGOUGH:
 
 
John McGough, the grandfather of R.C. McGough,
though still a minor, enlisted in the patriot army under Col. William
Washington and participated in the battles of Brandywine, Eutaw Springs and
Saratoga, where he saw the proud Burgoyne surrender to Gen. Gates. He was
twice wounded, once on the head by a saber in the hands of a British officer
and once by a gunshot. Soon after the Revolution he was married to Margaret
Mill and settled in Edgefield district, S. C., from which place he moved to
White Plains, Greene County, GA., where he died in 1847, at the ripe age of
86.
 
2. v. WILLIAM MCGOUGH, b. 1763; d. 1823, Jones or Twigg County,
GA.
vi. ISABELLA MCGOUGH12, b. 23 May 1764 12.
 
 
Generation No. 2
 
2. WILLIAM2 MCGOUGH (ROBERT1)13,14 was born 176315,16, and died 1823 in
Jones or Twigg County, GA17,18. He married NANCY SHARP19,20. She was born
1785 21,22.
 
Notes for WILLIAM MCGOUGH:
William, the most elusive of the three sons of ROBERT MCGOUGH & MATILDA
CARSON, was born about 1767 in County Down Northern Ireland and came to
America with his family in 1773. The family moved to North Carolina and shortly
thereafter settled in Mecklenburg Co., but his father died in 1778
when William was eleven. When he turned twenty-one he inherited one-fifth
of his father's estate, which was valued at 1,357 pounds. It appears he
started building his empire with his inheritance at an early age. In 1792,
he purchased a slave and was already accumulating land by the time he was in
his early twenties. He appeared to be alternately living between Greene
County, GA and Abbyville County, SC. Whenever there was Indian trouble in
Georgia, families moved back into South Carolina for safety. William was
buying and selling land in both places.
 
11 Dec 1797 living Greene Co. bought 100 acres Greene Co. GA
18 Jan 1799 living Abbeville bought 163 acres Greene Co. GA
7 Jan 1800 living Abbeville bought 200 acres Greene Co. GA
7 Jan 1800 living Abbeville sold 200 acres Greene Co. GA
 
He also added to his holdings by a head right grant in 1792 in Greene Co.
and land lotteries in 1820 and 1821. He had amassed a fortune by that day's
standards by the time he died in 1823. His administrators were required to
post $16,000 bond when settling his estate. Bonds were usually set at
1/10th the estimated value of the estate; meaning the estate was valued at
approximately $160,000 in 1823 dollars.
 
We cannot determine when he married NANCY ?? , (B 1785 SC), but I suspect
William was married more than once. The Abbeville Co., SC census for 1800
shows William with a wife and two males under ten and Nancy was only fifteen
at the time. It is possible the wife was Nancy, but unlikely, unless the
first children were twins, and twins do run repeatedly through the McGough
family. South Carolina did not keep marriage records at the time, so it is
doubtful we will ever know for sure when he married or how many wives he
had.
 
William was not old enough to have fought in the Revolutionary War, except
perhaps in the latter days. He was only 8 when it started and 16 when it
ended. The only service record I found was with Major-General ELIJAH CLARKE
in 1794.
 
Clarke was a distinguished soldier of the Revolutionary War, whose life had
been spent leading men into battle and developing military strategy. In
1794, a man without an army, he gathered together the remnants of the army
that had fought under him and organized a force to fight the Indians. At
the time, Georgia only extended west to the Oconee River. Clarke set up camp
across the Oconee River in Indian territory on land he had acquired from the
Indians by treaty. Clarke in defeating the hostile Indians in the area and
securing for Georgia, a large territory. These independent actions were
unauthorized, but nevertheless, received the applause and gratitude of the
Governor.
 
Perhaps feeling his renewed power, or perhaps in a misguided gesture he established a
Trans-Ooconee Republic, and forts were set up. Clark set out recruiting
parties to round up supporters. Among the recruiters named were JOSEPH
CARSON, ADAM CARSON (husband of SARA MCGOUGH) and WILLIAM MCGOUGH. ADAM
CARSON and his brother DAVID CARSON were put in command of two of the forts.
The Federal Government and Georgia both tried to ignore the whole effort as
being inconsequential since the settlement had become very popular with the
citizens. But pressures about "the blatant disrespect for the law being
allowed to prosper under the very nose of the government" brought the issue
to a head. A certain COL. WILLIAM MELTON was sent to request surrender of
the forces on the Oconee, and he found Adam Carson in command of FT. Delance.
He described him as "the most ostensible character, who efforts were in vain
as the "Trans-Oconee Republic" was short lived, having met with overpowering
resistance from the federal and state governments.
 
This is the only mention I have found of military service for William,
unless he was in the home guard in the close of the war when no formal
rosters made.
 
Sometime along the way, William moved to Jones Co., GA. Court records
indicated this is where he died in the latter part of 1823. Since there was
no will, the court listed his administrators as Nancy, his wife, and Thomas
Carson and James C. his sons. We do not find Nancy again until the 1850
census where she is living with daughter, Elizabeth, in Talbot County, GA.
She is not found in 1860, so we assume she had died during this 10 year
period. I have not determined the resting place of either William or Nancy.
 
The children of William also is a questionable area. THOMAS CARSON and
JAMES C. are documented in the administration papers for his estate, and
ELIZABETH'S obituary indicates she was the daughter of William and Nancy
McGough, so we can be fairly sure they are his children. SARAH is indicated
as being the daughter of William and Nancy McGough in a book on the CARSON
family and WESTBROOK family tradition says William was the son of this
William. I have found no records or document to discredit this information,
and census records do support it. Since their ages match with William's
life span, I have included them. I have also included MARGARET as his child
because she was married in the same county during this same time period, and
taking into consideration her birth date, he was the only McGough in the
area to whom she could have belonged. Margaret also moved to Talbot County,
GA, and was living near Elizabeth in the 1850 census. Since the McGough
name was so uncommon during this time, I feel this is a good assumption.
With a more common name, I would not have made the same association. There
have been only a few cases where I found the McGough name without being able
to place them within the family somewhere. The marriage records did not
show the parents, so as of this date, Margaret and Sarah are only
assumptions and should not be stated as fact.
 
More About NANCY SHARP:
Record Change: 04 Apr 2001 23,24
Children of WILLIAM MCGOUGH and NANCY SHARP are:
i. MARGARET3 MCGOUGH24, b. 179324; m. BEJAMIN R. SEARCY, 18 Jun
1822, Jones county, Georgia.
3. ii. THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH, b. 23 Nov 1799, ,Abbeville, SC; d. 12
Aug 1880, Eastland county, TX.
iii. JAMES C. MCGOUGH24, b. 1802 24; d. Bet. 1892 - 1895 24; m.
MARY, 15 Sep 1852, Bibb County, Georgia.
iv. WILLIAM MCGOUGH24, b. 1804 24; m. MARTHA MCMILLIN, 14 Jan
1827, Jones county, Georgia.
v. SARAH MCGOUGH24, b. 24 May 1805 24; d. 23 Oct 188324; m. ADAM
CARSON, 04 Jan 1827, Jones county, Georgia.
vi. ELIZABETH MCGOUGH24, b. 02 Mar 1808, GA 24; d. 17 Mar 1859,
Talbot County, GA24; m. JOHN BAREFIELD, 04 Feb 1827, Jones county, Georgia.
 
 
Generation No. 3
 
3. THOMAS CARSON 3 MCGOUGH (WILLIAM 2, ROBERT 1)25,26 was born 23 Nov 1799 in
,Abbeville, SC27,28, and died 12 Aug 1880 in Eastland county, TX 28. He
married LANA KITCHENS 29,30 24 Aug 1832 in Jones County, GA 31,32. She was
born 1810 in SC33,34, and died 1850 in ,Warren, GAv35,36.
 
Notes for THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH:
Thomas Carson, was the oldest known child of WILLIAM & NANCY MCGOUGH.
Documents show he led a varied life, but do not give us a vivid picture of
the man. He owned a plantation seven miles east of Macon, GA and
undoubtedly was a learned man, as one son remembered a large library. He was
a justice of the peace in Twigg County, GA, a surveyor in Florida, and a
schoolteacher and postmaster in Texas. Thomas married Lana Kitchens (B 1810
SC) in Jones County, GA on 24 Aug. 1832. She was connected with the BROOK
and KELLEY families of Warren Co., GA. Lana died giving birth to Georgiann
about 1850. Family tradition says he married another woman and left his
children with her sometime in 1856 to go to Florida. She was said to have
mistreated the children, and William, James, Elizer and Lana decided to move
west with some family members sometime in 1856. The oldest sons, Henry and
Thomas are not mentioned in the account of moving west or any account of the
family I have read. We don't know what happened to Henry but Thomas is said
to have married a blind girl and moved to California and was never heard
from again. The youngest child Georgiann, died before the brothers and
sisters decided to move west of a severe case of stomach worms.
 
Whether there were hard feelings between the father and the children fro him
having left them in GA, I can not determine. Sometime between 1856 and
1860, Thomas Carson McGough moved to Texas and found his children as he is
again shown living with his son, William in the 1860 census, in Parker Co,
TX. He is shown as being a school teacher. He was still living with
William in FT. Griffin, Eastland County, TX in 1870, where he is shown as a
farmer. On 12 Aug. 1874, when he was 75, Thomas was appointed as postmaster
of McGough Springs. He died from a fall off a wagon on 12 Aug. 1880, in
Eastland County, TX, and is buried in what is called the McGough Cemetery; a
small plot on land now owned by Finis Johnson, next to the original
homestead of William Carson McGough.
 
More About THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH:
Burial: McGough Cemetery36
Cause of Death: Falling off a wagon 36
Census: 1880, Precinct 1, Eastland County, Texas37
Occupation: Justice of the Peace, Twigg County, Georgia
 
More About LANA KITCHENS:
Cause of Death: died giving birth 38
Children of THOMAS MCGOUGH and LANA KITCHENS are:
i. NANCY J.4 MCGOUGH38.
ii. HENRY MCGOUGH38, b. 1832, Macon, Bibb Co., GA38.
iii. THOMAS J. MCGOUGH38, b. 1833, ,Twigg, GA38.
 
Notes for THOMAS J. MCGOUGH:
 
 
It is said that he married a blind girl and moved to
California and was never heard from again. He had a boy and a girl.
 
iv. WILLIAM CARSON MCGOUGH38, b. 11 Dec 1836, ,Twigg County,
GA 38; d. 20 Apr 1927, Eastland county, TX38; m. (1) PAULINA BIRCH, 18 Jan
1858, Weatherford, Parker County, TX; b. 08 Jul 1838; m. (2) MARY E.
WESTBROOK, 10 Jun 1875, Erath County, Texas; b. 26 Jan 1860; d. Aug 1893; m.
(3) EQUILLAH RUSHING, 05 Mar 1895, Palo Pinto County, Texas; m. (4) DRUCELLA
WEBB, 02 Sep 1900; b. 04 Oct 1881; d. 24 Oct 1960, Eastland County, Texas.
 
Notes for WILLIAM CARSON MCGOUGH:
William Carson (uncle billy) McGough, the 3rd child
of THOMAS CARSON MCGOUGH and LANA KITCHENS was born 11 Dec 1836, in Twigg
county, GA. He was a colorful character to say the least. When his mother
died at age 14, he became restless, and at 17 he ventured out on his own.
He stayed in Warren County, GA for a year and then moved to Cass county,
going into the saloon business for a time and then carrying the mail during
1855-1856.
 
About this time some of William's relatives, the
RILEYS, BELLS & KELLEY'S, decided to move from Georgia to Texas. His
brothers and sisters were not treated well by their step-mother and their
father had deserted them to go to Florida as a surveyor. William and James
took the responsibility of their sisters and joined the wagons moving west
in 1856. Another account indicates William left Georgia because of a fight
he got into with the brother of his step-mother. Whatever his reason for
leaving, the trip proved to be a harrowing experience. The flooding
Mississippi River where they crossed at St. Francis, was 3 miles wide. A
flat boat mishap almost cut their venture short. Then came 40 miles of mud
and water axle deep. The White River and Cold water river had to be crossed
next. Even the dry Grand Prairie had the hazards of the vicious green flies
and buffalo gnats. When they reached the city of Dallas, it consisted of
two log-cabin stores and only a few residences and was not the welcoming
sight they had expected.
 
The plains of Texas were beautiful, but the
isolation and lack of roads and civilization, wild animals, hostile Indians
and unknown dangers, made the women of the party decide against continuing.
Eighteen miles west of Ft. Worth, the RILEYS and BELLS turned toward what
would become Hood County, TX and two KELLY families decided to return to
Georgia and wanted to take Eliza and Lana with them. The KELLY'S soon
realized William would not be separated from his sisters and they were left
the four children who had only their clothing and $13.90. William and his
little family caught a ride to Parker County with two kindly youths named
TURNER in an ox cart. William and brother, James Barney, boarded Liza and
Lana with the JAMES ELLISON family, while they tried to decide their future.
They pre-emptied land and settled in Parker County, TX. Life was not easy
for two Georgia boys who were not skilled in hunting. There was game
aplenty in the forest but they lived on milk thickened with flour. Their
lack of knowledge may have been their savior, since they probably would have
been killed by the Indians had they ventured into the forest. Four years
later they became some of the first settlers in Eastland County, TX.
 
The perils of the frontier were many; Indians being
the foremost. William and his brother, James Barney, joined the State
Militia at an early age; necessity making them Indian fighters. William
moved into unsettled Indian territory and on 1 Nov. 1863, claimed land with
three fresh water springs. Because this was a favorite watering place of
the local Indians, William was forced on numerous occasions to defend the
claim the he called "McGough Springs". He was wounded several times in the
process.
 
They had a reputation for tenacity, firmness and
quick triggered justice. they fought Mexicans, Indians, bandits and cattle
thieves, furnishing their own, horse, gun and provisions. The six-shooter
that tamed the West, Samuel Colt's "Colt 45", was made with the
specifications of the Texas Rangers.
 
William Carson and James Barney are both shown in
the State Militia in the same unit that is also shown as being the
Confederate Army during the Civil War. It appears that the State Militia
and the Confederate Army were indistinguishable about this time around
Eastland County, TX. Perhaps this also included the Texas Rangers, although
history insists they were distinct groups. Fighting men were scarce on the
frontier at this time and the same group of men did the fighting, whatever
they were formerly named.
 
Marker Title: Fort Blair, C.S.A.
City: Desdemona
Year Marker Erected: 1965
Marker Location: SH 16 at south city limits
Marker Text: A few miles to the southwest. Largest
far western "family fort" used throughout Civil War. Started by C.C. Blair,
1857 settler. 1861-1865 occupants were Wm. Arthur, Blair, J.M. Ellison;
Jasper, Jim and Tom Gilbert; W.C. McGough, W.H. Mansker and sometimes
others. The fort had 12 log cabins, 14 ft. square, 14 ft. apart in two
parallel rows. Pickets walled spaces between cabins. Ammunition and
supplies could be bought only by making long, dangerous trips to the Brazos
settlements or to the south. Men were hard to spare for a trip, from the
fort's defenders against the Indians. Candles, soap, soda, food, clothing
were made in the fort, by use of fat renderings, beeswax, wood ashes, wild
herbs, bark, roots, berries, animal skins. Families had to promote
education for their children. Other area forts included Allen's Ranch, also
in Eastland County; Lynch and Green Ranches, Shackelford county; Buffalo
Springs, Clay County; Bragg's and Murray's Forts, Young County; Picketville,
Fort Davis, Owls Head and Mugginsville, Stephens County. After the war,
Desdemona was established as a stop on the Old Waco-Fr. Griffin Road. It
boomed to fame when oil was discovered in 1918. Its call for help to end
lawlessness added new glory to the Texas Rangers.
 
The first Anglo presence in the region cannot be
positively documented, but in 1837 W. A. A. (Big Foot) Wallace might have
entered what later became Eastland County with a surveying expedition. Among
the first settlers in the county was Frank Sбnchez, a Mexican American who
arrived in the area in the 1850s. By 1858 residents included the families of
John Flannegan (or Flannagan) from Kentucky, W. H. Mansker from Arkansas, W.
C. McGough and James Ellison from Georgia, J. M. Ellison from Texas, and the
Gilbert boys from Alabama. That year the Texas legislature formed Eastland
County from land formerly assigned to Bosque, Coryell, and Travis counties;
the county was attached to Palo Pinto County for judicial purposes.
 
McGough Springs, the first community in the county,
was established before the Civil War; another, Mansker Lake (later named
Alameda), was founded around 1859. Blair's Fort was built by C. C. Blair
about 1860 and used for protection against Indian raids. In 1860, the census
counted ninety-nine people living in the county, and the area's agricultural
economy had only begun to develop. While the agricultural census enumerated
330 sheep, 1,075 milk cows, and almost 2,550 other cattle in the county that
year, "improved" land comprised only 650 acres. Settlers were growing small
plots of corn, beans, and sweet potatoes.
 
Due in part to its isolation from other settled
areas and frequent trouble from raiding Indians, the county remained
sparsely settled until the 1870s. Conflict between settlers and Kiowa and
Comanche Indians became serious enough during the 1860s that a company of
minutemen was organized to guard the frontier; the largest fight occurred at
Ellison Springs in August 1864. Due to the dangers of settlement in the
area, the county's population actually declined during the 1860s; in 1870
the census found only seventy-seven people living in Eastland County.
Agriculture had also declined since the beginning of the Civil War. There
were only five farms in the county in 1870, all of them smaller than twenty
acres in size; only sixteen acres of improved land existed in the entire
county.
 
 
More About WILLIAM CARSON MCGOUGH:
Burial: Providence Cemetary 38
Cause of Death: Cancer 38
 
More About PAULINA BIRCH:
Cause of Death: Hemorrhaged to death/along with
child
 
More About MARY E. WESTBROOK:
Burial: McGough Springs, Eastland County, Texas
 
v. JAMES BARNEY MCGOUGH38, b. 24 Jan 1839, ,Twigg, GA38; d. 10
Dec 1896, Erath County, TX38; m. LYDIA WADE KEITH, 05 Jul 1863, Comanche
County, Texas; b. 20 Nov 1843, Titus County, Texas; d. 13 May 1915,
Victor,Erath County, Texas39.
 
Notes for JAMES BARNEY MCGOUGH:
James Barney, the fourth son of THOMAS CARSON
MCGOUGH & LANA KITCHENS, was born 24 Jan 1839 in Twigg County, Georgia. His
father deserted the children with a step-mother sometime in the early 1850's
and went to Florida. The step-mother was not kind to the children and in
1856 James Barney and his older brother, William Carson, decided to move
their two sisters west with some of their relatives. James Barney was only
17 and his brother only 19 when they joined the wagon train, but they
accepted the responsibility for their sisters who were only 10 and 13. The
children must have left a comfortable home outside Macon, GA, since an
account by William Carson says he remembers a large library on the Georgia
Plantation. We have no record of what happened to the plantation after the
children left, but before 1860 their father, Thomas Carson had found them in
Texas and was living with them.
 
Upon reaching Parker Co., TX, the two brothers left
the girls with the Ellison family while they ventured out into the frontier
wilderness to decide their future. James Barney and William Carson
presented land out being from a plantation in Georgia, they were not trained
to live on the wild Texas frontier. Game abound in the forest but they
weren't skilled enough to hunt it and lived on milk thickened with flour
from borrowed cows. Their lack of skill may have saved their lives since
they would of surely been killed by the Indians if they had ventured into
the forest.
 
Sometime between 1856-1860, their father, Thomas
Carson, came to Texas and found the children. The 1860 census of Parker
County, TX, shows William Carson, Paulina, Sarah (his wife and daughter),
James Barney and their sister Lana Ann, and their father, Thomas Carson,
living in the same household. In 1863 the whole family moved over to
Eastland county, TX.
 
Ft. Blair was built in Eastland Co. as a safe place
when there were Indian uprisings. The first wedding at this fort was BERRY
MOORE KEITH & SARAH JANE BLAIR. Berry Moore was to be James Barney's
brother-in-law and it was from this fort in July 1863, that James Barney and
Berry Moore Keith, rode to Comanche Co., TX, for a marriage license since
Eastland County had no courthouse. It isn't mentioned of they had a double
wedding but on 5 Jul. 1863, in Eastland County, James Barney married Lydia
Wade Keith, daughter of Gabriel Keith and Cynthia Jane Campbell. This was
the middle of the Civil War.
 
To fight the ever-present threat of Indian attack,
James Barney joined the state militia as did his brother, William Carson.
Being an Indian fighter on the early frontier was not a choice but a real
necessity in order to survive. When the militia was formed, the state set a
quota of 45 men from the age of 18 to 45 for the Eastland County, area. It
took men from the counties of Eastland, Shackelford and Callahan to fill the
quota.
 
From the records, it appears the State Militia also
became the Confederate Army at the time of the Civil War. All the available
men were already formed and simply fought under whatever title was given to
them. James Barney is listed as 2nd Lieutenant and 1st Lieutenant in Capt.
Singleton Gilbert's Co., Erath Bat, Mounted Men, 2nd Frontier, CSA, during
the Civil War. Capt. Singleton died at the Battle of Ellison Springs in
August 1864, and James Barney was made Capt. This is the same company that
was also shown as the State Militia. I am not sure the Texas troops has
much time to fight the Yankees, they were too busy fighting the Indians
during this time. James Barney is shown as joining the CSA in April 1863
until the close of the war. Lydia filed for his Confederate pension on 12
May 1915, but died the next day and drew nothing.
 
For some reason James Barney deeded 5 horses, 160
head of cattle, 30 hogs and 10 head of goats to Lydia on 6 Sept. 1877.
Lydia's father deeded livestock to his wife at the same time. This was 19
years before his death and I know of no reason for the transfer.
 
James Barney and Lydia settled in Erath County, TX
and lived there until James died 10 Dec. 1896. He is buried there in Victor
Cemetery. Lydia died 13 May 1915 and is buried beside him.
 
More About JAMES BARNEY MCGOUGH:
Burial: Victor Cemetary40
 
More About LYDIA WADE KEITH:
Burial: Victor Cemetery
 
vi. ELIZA JANE MCGOUGH40, b. 03 Mar 1843, ,Twigg, GA40; d. 22
May 1910, Eastland county, TX40; m. JAMES MADISON ELLISON, 1858, Parker
County, Texas; b. 25 Mar 1840, Jacksonville, Calhoun County, Alabama; d. 06
Jun 1923, Rio Grande Valley in Harlingen, Cameron county, Texas.
 
Notes for ELIZA JANE MCGOUGH:
Eliza Jane, the oldest daughter and fifth child of
Thomas Carson McGough and Lana Kitchens, was born 3 mar. 1843, in Macon,
Twigg County, GA. She came to Texas with her brothers and sister in April
1856. Her mother was dead, her father was somewhere in Florida unknown to
the children and their step-mother mistreated the children, so Eliza's older
brothers decided the children should travel with relatives who were moving
west. The journey was hard for them since they had been raised on what must
have been a fairly nice plantation near Macon, GA. and the frontier wasn't
any better. Eliza and her sister, Lana, were boarded with the James Ellison
family while they sought to settle themselves in the new land.
 
The James Ellison family was familiar with the
frontier. James Ellison was from Tennessee and his wife was from Alabama,
indicating that his desire to explore the wilderness had already started.
James Ellison's two oldest children were born in Alabama, the next three
were born in Arkansas and the two youngest brothers were born in Texas.
They appeared to be always on the fringe of the frontier.
 
This love of the wilderness and desire to explore
the unknown hand drawn the oldest son, James Madison, to push past the
fringe of the frontier on his own. In his search he found a perpetual
spring surrounded by fertile soil, game and natural protection providing all
the necessities of life. He said "This is the Place." He built a log cabin
and decided to return home to visit his parents. Here James L Madison
Ellison, son of James Ellison and Nancy Baird, found Eliza.
 
Eliza and James Madison were married about 1858 in
Parker County, TX. He took her to his log cabin at Ellison Springs in
Eastland County, TX, not far from McGough Springs, where William Carson
McGough lived. In the spring Texas Bluebonnets covered the country side
around the cabin, Eliza was described as a saintly soul who did everything
she could for others, but she was frail of statue. James Madison was a
horse breeder and he developed a superior breed of fine race horses. Horse
racing was the most popular sport for the men of the area. It was at one of
these horse races that their son, James Thomas was shot in an argument over
the outcome of the race. The losing horse was to be forfeited to the
winner. The Ellison horse was the clear winner, but battle ensued and James
Thomas was killed by a bullet intended for his father. The Ellison
household was engulfed with sadness. In order to comfort Eliza in her
grief, James Madison began construction of a new house. This house is still
standing after more than 100 years and the Ellison Spring still runs pure,
clean water.
 
In 1904, James Madison built the Ellison Spring
Baptist Church on his land. Eliza was a devoutly religious woman. On one
occasion, she enlisted the help of two puritanical baptist members to pray
that a wet--weather spring her husband had sold to a whiskey maker would dry
up. This it did, much to Eliza's delight and James Madison's dismay. You
could never convince Eliza it was because of the prevailing weather
conditions and not her prayers.
 
James Madison was injured in his hip by an Indian
arrow when he was 24 and kept a limp resulting from the injury for life.
Eliza died 22 May 1910, at Ellison Springs and is buried at Ellison Family
Graveyard which is on a grassy knoll shaded by spreading oak trees, across
the meadow from the homestead in Eastland. James Madison was grief stricken
without his faithful companion of 51 years, and brought his children to
Ellison Springs to share his home. The oil boom of 1917, brought changes.
He leased his land to the Texas and Pacific Oil and Coal Company, and bought
a citrus fruit farm in the Rio Grande Valley in Harlingen, Cameron County,
TX. James Madison died there on 6 Jun 1923, and was brought home by train
to be buried in the Ellison Graveyard by Eliza. His physical appearance
would have led one to be to believe he was a weak, frail man. He was five
feet, seven inches tall and weighed one hundred twenty seven pounds at
death. But looks were deceiving. He was a strong, wiry, vigorous
individual, with great perseverance and dauntless courage and an adventurous
spirit. he sustained an inner courage and spirit of independence throughout
his life and it enabled him to overcome hardships and accomplish many things
which contributed to the development of his community, county and state.
 
There has been a great deal of interest shown in the
history of Ellison Springs by descendants of the Ellison Family. through
the efforts of 3 great granddaughters, Mrs. Alton White, Mrs. Raymond
Anderson and Mrs. R.D. Wright, the Ellison Springs home site and the Ellison
Family Graveyard have been designated historical landmarks by the Texas
Historical Commission. Historical markers were erected and dedicated at
Ellison Springs in 1975 and Ellison Family Graveyard in 1977. This is a
source of great pride to the descendants of Eliza McGough and James L.
Madison Ellison. The family history that is so meaningful to them has now
been recognized in historical circles.
 
More About ELIZA JANE MCGOUGH:
Burial: Ellison Family Graveyard40
 
Notes for JAMES MADISON ELLISON:
From Gorman take FM 8 East about 3.5 miles to 2
markers on north side of highway to find Ellison Family Graveyard.
 
ELLISON SPRING BRANCH. Ellison Spring Branch rises
two miles north of Gorman in southeastern Eastland County (at 3214' N,
9840' W) and runs east for six miles to its mouth on the Leon River, four
miles northeast of Gorman (at 3215' N, 9836' W). In its upper reaches the
stream traverses an area of steep-sloped terrain surfaced by shallow sandy
soils that support juniper, grasses, and scattered oak. In its lower reaches
it passes through steeply to moderately sloping hills, surfaced by shallow
stony clay and sandy loams that support oak, mesquite, and grasses. It is
probably named for J. M. Ellison, who had an early land grant in the area
through which it flows. In 1864 the Ellison Springs Indian Fight took place
near the headwaters of the creek.
 
 
 
More About JAMES MADISON ELLISON:
Burial: Ellison Family Graveyard
 
4. vii. LANA ANN MCGOUGH, b. 19 Jan 1846, Twigg County, GA; d. 21
Nov 1933, Staff, Eastland, TX.
viii. GEORGIANN MCGOUGH40, b. 1849, Twigg County, GA40; d. 1850,
Twigg County, GA40.
 
Notes for GEORGIANN MCGOUGH:
[.]
 
her mother died when she was born and Georgiann is
said to have died at about 1 year of age of a severe case of stomach worms
 
 
Generation No. 4
 
4. LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH (THOMAS CARSON3, WILLIAM2, ROBERT1)41,42 was born 19
Jan 1846 in Twigg County, GA43,44, and died 21 Nov 1933 in Staff, Eastland,
TX45,46. She married (1) SAM P. GILBERT47,48 1860 in ,Eastland, TX49,50,
son of THOMAS GILBERT and POLLY CUNNINGHAM. He was born 1832 in ,St. Clair,
Alabama51,52, and died 1869 in ,Eastland, TX53,54. She married (2) BERRY
BRITTIAN54 187554. He died Jan 1909 in Eastland county, TX54. She married
(3) L. A. BRASHEAR54 08 Jun 191254.
 
Notes for LANA ANN MCGOUGH:
Her mother had died when she was 4 and her father went to Florida as a
surveyor and left the children with their step-mother who mistreated them.
In April, 1856, the children decided to move west to Texas with some
relatives. In 1860 she is living in Parker County, TX with her father, her
brother, William and his family and her brother, James Barney. They finally
settled in Eastland county, TX. Sometime in 1860, when she was 15 year's
old, she married her first husband, Sam B. Gilbert, who rasied horses for a
living. He belonged to the State Militia and in 1868 he was wounded by a
poison arrow in the last Indian battle at Ellison Springs. He died of the
wound 3 months later in Lampasas, TX. The census gives the date of birth of
Lana's fifth child, Ross, as 1869. If this is correct, she was pregnant when
Sam died. Lana didn't have very good luck with her husbands. In 1875, Lana
married her second husband, Berry Brittian . Her third husband was L.A.
Brashear
 
Lanie did say that Lana did tell her a story of how she was at her brother
William (Bill) home and a Leveed man tried to climb or did climb into her
window at night. She thought it was a god and kicked at the thing and
realized it was a man. She told him to get out she told her sister in law
the next morning.
 
More About LANA ANN MCGOUGH:
Burial: Merriman Cemetery54
Census: 1870, Eastland County, Texas55
 
Notes for SAM P. GILBERT:
 
 
Notes from Kaye Schwertner: Interview with Lanie McMahon
Lanie McMahon said she didn't know of any family secrets. If there was one
she didn't know it; she felt the date of death for Sam Gilbert listed in
Helen Langston's Book " A history of Eastland County" is incorrect. She
believes that he died in 1869.
 
Writings of the children born to Sam and Lana Ann say that they did have 5
children. (verified in several old papers)
Laynie said that Lana never talked about Sam Gilbert too much . She never
mentioned where he was buried and about his death.
 
More About SAM P. GILBERT:
Census: 1860, Eastland County, Texas56
 
Notes for BERRY BRITTIAN:
 
 
In 1902 in the preparation of the wedding supper for his daughter Ollie, he
accidently cut his wrist just above his thumb. All the wedding guest felt
sure that Berry would bleed to death so they sent his daughter's fiance
Severe McDonald, after his mother Lizzie McDonald Criswell. Lizzie Cristwell
was known to have a special gift that enabled her to stop blood from cuts.
 
Severe had to ride horseback about 3 miles to his mothers home. After
telling her about Berry she told him to go back to the party that the
bleeding had stopped. Severe checked the time on his mothers clock before
riding back. When he arrived back to the Brittians, Berry indeed had
stopped bleeding and they had also noted the time and it was at the exact
same time Severe had noted on his mothers clock.
 
This incident is told by Lanie McDonald McMahon, daughter of Jim and Ollie
McDonald for whom the wedding party was being held.
 
More About BERRY BRITTIAN:
Cause of Death: heart attack57
Children of LANA MCGOUGH and SAM GILBERT are:
i. JIM5 GILBERT57, b. 11 Feb 1862, ,Eastland, TX57; d. 1869,
,Eastland, TX57.
ii. JOHNNIE GILBERT57, b. 11 Feb 186357.
5. iii. WILLIAM MACKNESS GILBERT, b. 09 Feb 1864, ,Eastland, TX; d.
05 Mar 1954, Abilene, Taylor, TX.
6. iv. ZILLA JANE GILBERT, b. 23 Feb 1866, Lampasses, TX; d. 28 Feb
1964, Abernathy, Hale County, TX.
v. ROSS B GILBERT57, b. Aug 1870, ,Eastland County, TX57; d.
1871, Eastland County, Texas57.
 
More About ROSS B GILBERT:
Census: 1870, Eastland County, Texas58
 
Children of LANA MCGOUGH and BERRY BRITTIAN are:
vi. FRANK5 BRITTIAN59, b. Texas59.
vii. ROSA BRITTIAN59, b. 187659.
 
Notes for ROSA BRITTIAN:
[.]
 
their daughter was friend of Bonnie Parker and Cyde
Barrow, the infamous Bonnie and Clyde
 
viii. JENNIE BRITTIAN59, b. 1878, Texas59; d. 1878, Texas59.
ix. TOM BRITTIAN59, b. 1880, Texas59.
x. FRANK BRITTAIN, b. Feb 1881, Texas; m. EDNA ROBASON,
Stonewall county, Texas; b. 1885.
 
Notes for FRANK BRITTAIN:
1920 Memphis, Hall County, Texas
Frank Brittian, rents, 38, TX TX GA, laborer plus
unreadable
Edna Brittian, 31, TX TX CA
Franklin Brittain, daughter, 11, TX (Frankie)
Jessie Brittain, son 9, TX (John "Sonny")
Zona Brittain, daughter 6, TX (Violet "Doodle")
Mclalin Brittain, daughter, 4, TX (Female Child)
 
More About FRANK BRITTAIN:
Census: 1920, Memphis, Hall County, Texas60
 
7. xi. NORA LIZZIE BRITTIAN, b. 04 Mar 1883, Texas.
xii. OLLIE CANDACE BRITTIAN61, b. 22 Jul 1885, Texas61.
xiii. DORA BRITTIAN61, b. 21 Nov 1888, Texas61; d. 16 Jul 1968,
Eastland county, TX61.
 
 
Generation No. 5
 
5. WILLIAM MACKNESS5 GILBERT (LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH, THOMAS CARSON3, WILLIAM2,
ROBERT1)61 was born 09 Feb 1864 in ,Eastland, TX61, and died 05 Mar 1954 in
Abilene, Taylor, TX61. He married RYMIE CYMIE KIZZIE WRIGHT 10 Jul 1884 in
Eastland County, Texas. She was born 05 Jul 1865 in Henry County,
Tennessee, and died 18 Nov 1956 in Abilene, Taylor County, Texas.
 
Notes for WILLIAM MACKNESS GILBERT:
was still an active cowboy at the age of 70
 
More About WILLIAM MACKNESS GILBERT:
Burial: Potasia Cemetery61
Census: 1880, Precinct 1, Eastland County, TX62
 
More About RYMIE CYMIE KIZZIE WRIGHT:
Burial: Potasia Cemetery
Children of WILLIAM GILBERT and RYMIE WRIGHT are:
8. i. JESSE GREEN6 GILBERT, b. 21 Jun 1885, Ranger, Eastland
County, Texas.
9. ii. MYRTLE ANN GILBERT, b. 28 Apr 1887, Eastland County, Texas;
d. Apr 1951, Lubbock, Lubbock County, Texas.
10. iii. SAMUEL NATHAN GILBERT, b. 19 May 1889, Eastland County,
Texas; d. 31 Mar 1980.
11. iv. CAL HERMAN GILBERT, b. 02 Apr 1892, Eastland County, Texas;
d. 07 Jul 1971.
v. ULA MAE GILBERT, b. 18 Sep 1894, Eastland County, Texas; d.
18 Sep 1894, Eastland County, Texas.
12. vi. LAURA GERTRUDE GILBERT, b. 12 Oct 1896, Olden, Eastland
County, Texas; d. 12 Jul 1980, Taylor County, Texas.
13. vii. ZILLAH EMMERINE GILBERT, b. 28 Jan 1899, Olden, Eastland
County, Texas.
viii. ORAN LINSEY GILBERT, b. 20 Apr 1902, Stonewall County,
Texas; d. 1905.
14. ix. COLONEL ROBERT GILBERT, b. 20 Jul 1904, Stonewall County,
Texas; d. 18 Nov 1980.
x. THOMAS FRANKLIN GILBERT, b. 18 Nov 1906, Stonewall County,
Texas; d. 1912.
 
 
6. ZILLA JANE5 GILBERT (LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH, THOMAS CARSON3, WILLIAM2,
ROBERT1)63,64 was born 23 Feb 1866 in Lampasses, TX65,66, and died 28 Feb
1964 in Abernathy, Hale County, TX67,68. She married JAMES ANCEL BEARDEN,
son of ANCEL BEARDEN and MARTHA BURT. He was born 14 Mar 1853 in Atlanta,
Georgia, and died 06 Feb 1931 in Abernathy, Hale County, Texas.
 
Notes for ZILLA JANE GILBERT:
 
 
first white woman born in Lampasses, TX
 
More About ZILLA JANE GILBERT:
Burial: Script Cemetary, Abernathy, TX69,70
Census: 1880, Precint 1, Eastland County, TX71
Record Change: 03 Apr 200172,73
 
Notes for JAMES ANCEL BEARDEN:
James Ancel and James Marion (brothers) died within 5 days of each other,
neither one knew the other was sick.
 
More About JAMES ANCEL BEARDEN:
Burial: Script Cemetary, Abernathy, Hale County, Texas
Cause of Death: inflammation of Prostate gland
Occupation: Baptist Preacher
Children of ZILLA GILBERT and JAMES BEARDEN are:
i. JAMES EDGAR6 BEARDEN.
 
More About JAMES EDGAR BEARDEN:
Cause of Death: died young
 
ii. WILLIE BEARDEN.
 
More About WILLIE BEARDEN:
Burial: Double Mountain Cemetery, near Peacock,
Texas
 
15. iii. RUEBEN SAMUEL BEARDEN, b. 30 Jun 1885, Eastland County,
Texas; d. 14 Aug 1973, Brownfield, Texas.
16. iv. JOHN CUSTER BEARDEN, b. 17 Sep 1889; d. 30 Sep 1968, Plains,
Texas.
17. v. CARSON ANCEL BEARDEN, b. 04 Mar 1892; d. Jul 1978, Lubbock,
Lubbock County, Texas.
18. vi. ROSA ESTELLA BEARDEN, b. 21 Feb 1895, Palo Pinto, Texas; d.
07 Oct 1995, Lubbock, Lubbock County, Texas.
19. vii. IVA FRANCIS BEARDEN, b. 21 Jan 1898; d. 14 Feb 1985,
Aspermont, Stonewall County, Texas.
20. viii. JEWEL LOUSIA BEARDEN, b. 02 Aug 1900; d. 17 Jan 1979,
Aspermont, Stonewall County, Texas.
ix. JOE BEARDEN, b. 14 Dec 1902; d. 1920.
 
More About JOE BEARDEN:
Burial: Red Springs, Texas
 
x. ALENA LEOLA BEARDEN, b. 28 Jul 1907, Peacock, Texas; m.
HEBERT C. SCOTT; b. 1925.
 
More About ALENA LEOLA BEARDEN:
Occupation: Waitress
 
Notes for HEBERT C. SCOTT:
I am showing Herbert Scott was born ABT. 1905 -the
information I have came from Bertha Scott's daughter. She is getting old and
can't see well, but her mind seems to be well - intact.
Bertha (and Herbert) parents were Williard H. Scott
and Willie Royal. I have the information from the 1900 Montaque County TX.
census and the 1910 Harmon County Ok. census.
Census:
1900 Forest burg, Montague County, TX
Series: T623 Roll: 1660 Page: 97
Scott, Willard, age 29 M W B. July 1871; married 10
years; TX KY --; farmer
Willie, wife, B. Sep 1875 age 24; married 10
years; 4 children born/3
living; TX -- MO;
Bertha, Dau B. Sep 1891 age 8 B. TX
Burley or Barley, son B. Feb 1894 age 6 B. TX
Thomas, son B. Aug 1899 B. TX
1910 Madge Twp., Harmon OK
Series: T624 Roll 1253 Page 292
Scott, W H age 38 B. TX; KY GA; 1st marriage;
married 19 years
Willie, wife age 33; first marriage; married 19
years; 8 children born/7
living; TX AR MO
Burley, son age 16 B TX
Leonard son age 11 B TX
Jessie Dau age 8 B TX
Herburt son age 5 B TX
Carl, son age 3 B OK
Sarah Dau age 4 months B OK
Martha, mother age 66 widow; 7 children born/3
living; GA US US
 
 
xi. BABY GIRL BEARDEN, b. 1916; d. 1918.
 
 
7. NORA LIZZIE5 BRITTIAN (LANA ANN4 MCGOUGH, THOMAS CARSON3, WILLIAM2,
ROBERT1)73 was born 04 Mar 1883 in Texas73. She married SEVERE MCDONALD73
in Stonewall county, texas73.
Child of NORA BRITTIAN and SEVERE MCDONALD is:
i. LIVING6 MCDONALD73.