Lott "Civil War" Diary ©
See new Tebbets Diary at
(C) C. L. Carley
C. J. Carley
PREFACE: Following is a
direct transcription of an electrostatic copy of a typed transcript prepared by my cousin
Paul Gill in the late 1950s from the original hand written Civil War diary of Lawson
"Lot" Hannibal Carley. The original diary, through the courtesy of Paul Gill, is
in the archives of the Iowa State Historical Society, 402 Iowa Avenue, Iowa City, Iowa
52240 [Phone (319) 335-3916]. It is aid to be quite faded and hard to read.Clark and
Curtis are both great grandsons of Lawson H. Carley. In January 1991. Paul and his
wife Glenda lived at 4326 Shavano Woods, San Antonio, Texas 78249 [Phone (512) 492-9120].
Curtis and his wife Sara lived at 6513 Ponderosa N.E., Albuquerque, New Mexico 87110
[Phone (505) 881-4217].
Lawson H. Carley was born on February 26, 1840 in Clay,
Onondaga Co., New York. His parents were Thomas Alonzo Carley who was born on May
12, 1812 in Watertown, Jefferson Co., New York and Samantha Clark who was born on April
3, 1817 in Hannibal, Oswego Co., New York. Thomas died on November 18, 1881 in
Pottawatomie Co., Kansas and was preceded in death by Samantha on December 9, 1861 in
Jamestown, Wisconsin. "Lot" married Margaret Anne Daigh on February 18, 1864 in
Fairplay, Wisconsin. Their certificate of matrimony lists both of them as being from
Jamestown, Wisconsin. "Lot" died on July 15, l885 in North Auburn, Nebraska.
Margaret died April 26, 1925 in Wamego, Kansas and was buried in North Auburn, Nebraska.
At one point "Lot's" occupation was listed as
"plasterer." Little is known about his military career at this time. It is known
that as a 1st. Sergeant, he was appointed and commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in Company
E of the 5th Iowa Cavalry on February 3, 1863. He was captured at Rockville, Alabama on
July 31, 1864 and arrived at Andersonville Prison in Georgia on August 5,
1864. On September 7, 1864 he was transferred to another camp in Georgia from which he
escaped on November 19, 1864 with a group of sick and wounded that were being exchanged.
He and the other prisoners departed Savannah, Georgia by ship on November 23, 1864 and
arrived at Annapolis, Maryland on November 26, 1864.
"Lot" and Margaret had three children: Eva
May, born August 14, 1865 in grant Co., Wisconsin; Charles Leroy, born March 13,
1871 in Louisville, Kansas; and Harry D. born Januar4y 25, 1873 in Louisville,
Kansas. Eva May died on May 4, l953 in Wichita, Kansas. Charles LeRoy died on
September 15, 1935 in Pladd, Missouri and Harry D. died on June 21, 1925 in
St. Louis, Mo.
LAWSON HANNIBAL CARLEY
LOTT CARLEY STONE
1995, with financial help from 13 others, I had this stone refinished, . I have been to
his grave three times.
Sheridan Cemetery N. Auburn, Nemaha Co. Nebraska
This is a scanned copy of
oginial funeral Notice
THE NEMAHA COUNTY HERALD
FROM OBITUARY OF
MARGARET ANN WIFE OF LOTT
JULY 25, 1885
NORTH AUBURN, NEMAHA CO. NB.
Charles Leroy Carley
married Dora May Andrew on December 22, 1901 in Wamego, Kansas. Charles and Dora had
four children: Leroy "Lee" Andrew born December 2, 1902 in Louisville, Kansas;
Margaret "Margie" Elizabeth born July 6, 1904 in Louisville, Kansas; James
Milton "Milt" born July 13, 1906 in Plainville, Kansas; and Winifred May
"May" born on May 2, 1908 in Plainville, Kansas.
Leroy Andrew married Opal Fern Burdue on August 18, 1927.
Winifred May married Glenn Gill on May 28, 1927. "Lee" and Opal had
five children: Clark, Evelyn, Kenneth "Ken," Curtis "Curt," and
Lois, "Jo". May and Glenn had six children: Milton "Sonny,"
Eleanor, John "Ed," Shirley, Paul, and Georgia "Georgie." Leroy died
on September 24, 1982 in Hays, Kansas. Glenn died on November , l973 in Hays, Kansas.
Following is the transcription of the Civil War diary of Lawson "Lot"
H. Carley as prepared by Paul Gill in the late 1950s.
At the beginning of the Diary there is a roll, or LIST OF NAMES-these men
are believed to have been in the same Company "E", 5th Iowa, Cavalry, on 20
Sept. 1863, at Crawfish Springs, (?). Certain names are "X"ed-possibly men
who died, or perhaps were missing in action. (An asterisk represents his "X".)
|2..Wockes (?) Nockes (?)
||4. Stoker (?)
||5.* Turvy (?)
|6. Ramsbottom Birdwhistle
Wisden (?) illegible
|7. Carley (?) Curley (?)
Co. E, 5th Iowa Cavalry
Sept 20th' 63 Crawfish Springs
The diary begins on Saturday, 30 July 1864:
SATURDAY 30 JULY 1864: David caught and killedd
unjustly near ____, Alabama-was shot through the head about 3 PM.
SUNDAY 31 JULY 1864: I was captured 4 mi. north of Rockville, Alabama about
sundown, by 7 armed men. Was marched back to Thorntons (?) and held over night.
MONDAY, AUGUST 1, 1864: Walked to (?) had our lunch at Liberty Mill eat dinner with
Capt J T Baggin of the 87th Confederates.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1864: Dicksonson & Soner came into the jale this afternoon.
We left on the cars at 4 PM, got to West Point at dark. Was locked in jale.(Illegible) was
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3,1864: Got in the cars at 7 o'clock. Travelled all day, stayed
at Columbus in the cars all night.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1864: Andrew Yuler (?) killed about 10 A.M. Shot in the head.
Lived about 7 (?) minutes after he received the shot. Cars started at ll AM. Arrived at
Fort Naly (?) at 4 PM.
FRIDAY, 5 AUGUST 1864: Layed in the cars all night. Train started at 2 PM. Arrived
at Andersonville & was logged in Prison at sundown in 6 Detachm, 2 mess.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1864: Found Whited, Tibbetts (?) & W Mason. Slept on the
ground last night, without tent or blanket. Dickinson and Soner came in today.
SUNDAY, AUGUST 7, 1864: Found Caligan and Lipincott (?). Slept on the ground last
night as the night before. Our rations are cornbread & fresh beef, salt & beans.
MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1864: There is considerable talk about an exchange to commence on
the 15th (Illegible). rote to my wife.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1864: Wrote to J W Cunytt (?) at (?) Nashville.
-Next entry was on-
SUNDAY, 14 AUGUST 1864: Reported that
officers are xchanged.
MONDAY, 15 AUGUST 1864: No signs of our exchange yet. here is 14 of our 15 cy hear
TUESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1864: I have slept for three nights in the new barracks on the
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1864: I feel very weak - can carcely put one foot before the
other. There is talk of an exchange going on.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 1864: Feel very well, but have notmuch rength.Poor Hanover
lays close by dieing. e speaks of his wife, child & Father. We can no ssist him.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 20, 1864: The weather continues fine. blazing hot sun comes down on
the thousands that ave no shelter. Many die of that cause daily and any of starvation.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1864: Moved into the bks & bunkedwith fish (?) 103 died in
Hospital. 6 prisoners came in, reported that Kilpatrick hit the RR Between Miss (?)
Griffin; Sherman & Grant still at Wash.
SUNDAY, AUGUST 21, 1864: Weather cool; quite rainy for he last 24 hours. Men are
dieing at the rate of 125 er day.
MONDAY, AUGUST 22, 1864: But - few prisoners come in today. There has not been an
average of 5 per day for he last 5 days.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1864: Weather hot. Not anything nusual occurred today.
Prisoners that come in from Kilpatrick say no exchange likely (Illegible)..
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 24, 1864: Prisoners that come in say hat there is a prospect of a
speedy exchange (Illegible).
THURSDAY, AUGUST 25, 1864: Washed my shirt & drawers & took a bath this
morning. Am in good spirits. Have hopes of getting out of this this fall. Played Whist ith
FRIDAY, AUGUST 26, 1864: Nothing occurred of note.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1864: Rained hard last night. eather quite warm.
SUNDAY, AUGUST 28. 1864: Was captured 4 weeks ago to- ay. Am still in hopes of
getting exchanged this fall. Took a bath.
MONDAY, AUGUST 29, 1864: Do not feel very well today. eel more dispondent than I
have at any time since I have been a prisoner. Weather cool.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1864: Weather quite warm. Roll all at 10 o'clock. Have a touch
of the blues.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1864: Have not got over the blues et. More than two thousand
prisoners have died this month.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1864: Am in good spirits today. ave hopes for an exchange
soon. There is 108 of our egt. in the camp today.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1864: Last night was quite cool. rainard has a severe attack
of the Ague today.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1864: Nights are quite cool. Reports are in camp that Grant
(?) has fought a heavy battle at Twin Oaks (?) & taken 20,000 prisoners, & Sherman
has cut Hoods army to pieces.
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1864: The morning is pleasant. rainard has a light attack of
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1864: It is cold and fogy this morning. Prisoners that came in
from Sherman report (?) ours & that our forces occupy Jonesborough.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1864: Weather this morning is leasant. Our camp feels joyful
(several words illigeble). Washed my shirt this morning. 18 De-tachments get orders to
leave this 12 PM.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1864: Three Detachments left this AM at 7 o'clock Two left
at 2 PM. 7 Detachments with ours left at 12 PM. Got on the cars between 60 & 70 men in
a car. Rec'd a chunk of cornbred & bacon for two days.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1864: Arrived at Macon at 8 AM & layed over till 4 PM.
We were not allowed to get off from the cars. Many refugees have their furniture on the
cars(Illegible) Sherman's men.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1864: Savannah, Ga. Arrived here at 8 AM and were put into a
stockade about 100 yds square. It contains 9800 prisoners. We drew soap, vinegar, salt,
Meal rice & bacon.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1864: I have got (?) qtrs with Brainard Haummer (?) &
Sergt Downs of 20th Ohio. For cooking our vctls we drew one tin bucket & one skillet
for each 25 men.
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1864: The nights are cold and the days very hot. We have one
blanket for 5 of us. The citizens of this place appears to be enclined towards (men) (now)
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1864: Five tunnels were dug last night but it was so light we
could not make our escape. Three of them were discovered this morning.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1864: They worked on the tunnel last night. We hope to get
away the first dark night. The Rebs are digging a large ditch outside the stock-ade to
prevent tunneling. I believe we will fool them yet.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1864: The morning paper says that Mead and Sherman have
agreed to exchange their prisoners. The detachments were reorganized. Did not mark on the
(Illegible) last month.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER15, 1864: The Rebs are building another stockade adjoining this.
I was put into 5th detachment 2nd Mess. Reported that our fldt (?) is moving up the river.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1864: There was considerable excitement in town last night.
From what we hear the Rebs are expecting an attack. No further prospect of exchange.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1864: Morning cloudy. Had a bath & washed my shirt.
Moved into the new stockade. Our rations were stopped because a (Illegible) was
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1864: Yesterday, papers stated that Sherman has made a
special exchange of our prisoners. to be sent forward from Macon. Last evening, weather
cloudy and raining.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1864: Had Sick Call for the first time since we came here.
Haines got medicin for the Ague & Diarreah.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1864: Some fellows stole the slop bls last night and our
rations were stopped this morning til they were found. The theifs are carrying wood under
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1864: Mollasses & Lard was issued today in lieu of 12
rations of fresh beef. Haines (Hammer) has not had the Ague today. Had a heavy rain today
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1864: This is the first day without rain since the 17th.
Heavy cannon ws heard all day down the river. Same rations today as yester-day. I am cook
today - dumplins for dinner.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1864: The carpenters finished moveing in the Deadline 20
feet. Morning cloudy.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1864: Some of the prisoners that was sent to Sherman's
lines for exchange that were rejected came in today. Weather clear.
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1864: Last night was very cold. Some more of Sherman's
rejected men came in. A Commi-ttee got up a set of resolutions to send to Lincoln.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1864: A set of resolutions to be taken through to our
president by a chosen delegation was read and unanamously adopted.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1864: The delegation was se-lected. One from each Detachment
Chas Edwards was one of the 12 Pbradly goes as chairman.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1864: Reported that a special exchange of the Savanah
prisoners is to be efected at the (Illegible) about 700 of the Andersonville pri-soners
came in this evening.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1864: Quite a heavy shower of rain. Last night. Morning
pleasant. 900 prisoners come in from Andersonville this evening.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1864: We were issued two days rations yesterday and today we
are short. Reported that 1000 will leave here within a week. Perhaps to Millen (?).
SATURDAY, 1 OCTOBER 1864: Drawed two days rations about 10 AM. There is a report in
campo that Richmond is in our possession & that Lee is in full retreat. (Illegible)
SUNDAY, 2, OCTOBER 1864: Every thing is very quiet in camp. We havent heard any
church bells as usual, neither any cars to be heard til 4 AM. Richmond reported ours.
MONDAY, 3 OCTOBER 1864: The first that I saw this morning as I rise up in bed was
Tibbets looking like a skeleton. He came in with 500 from Andersonville last night at 10
o'clock. Didn't draw ratins till
TUESDAY, 4 OCTOBER 1864: Dreamed (that I shook hands with May & Em & Mrs.
Daich (?) last night. The firs two dead men were taken out of the stockade this morning.
WEDNESDAY, 5 OCTOBER 1864: 6 dead men were taken out this morning. 2 PM the naval
prisoners are preparing to leave.
THURSDAY, 6 OCTOBER 1864: Prisoners (sailors) left last night at 12 o'clock. A
report is now circulating that (Illegible) going to exchange 5000 of his (? exchange 5000
of his (?) us (?) patrons (? immediately.
FRIDAY, 7 OCTOBER 1864: A report in circulation that the alyens in town are trying
to have us paroled or exchanged, ecaust it is difficult for them to feed us.
SUNDAY, 9 OCTOBER 1864: Last night was a very cold night. 9 men were found dead in
camp this morning. The day is chilly.
MONDAY, 10 OCTOBER 1864: Had another cold night last night. 6 men were found dead
this morning. Detachment 1,2,3 & 4 are to leave at 4PM. 1000 sick to be exchanged is
in the papers.
TUESDAY, 11 OCTOBER 1864: We marched out of the stockade last night at 4 PM. Got on
the cars at 6 this AM. Arrived at Minnen and marched into the stock-dmD ade (?) at dark. 4
Detachments in all 1200 men 20 were here before.
WEDNESDAY, 12, 1864: Miller, Georgia. The stockade is new and contains 25 ocrs
(possibly officers)(?). Spent the greater part of the day getting wood & logs. Men are
arriving from Savanah. The yellow fever got among the prisoners at Savannah. Hood is in
the rear of Sherman.
THURSDAY, 13 OCTOBER 1864: Was up the greater part of the night splitting shaks
(modern shingle) to build with. We are divided in thousands, 1 oven 2 kittles and two
wells to the division.
FRIDAY, 14 OCTOBER 1864; Got an axe and our Mess was out til 10 PM getting building
tember last night. Thomas at Chatanooga. Sherman at Atlanta. Hood between them.
SATURDAY, 15 OCTOBER 1864: Great news in the papers of the North. Lincoln has
assured the people that the prisoners should be released before cold weather. Tibbets is
SUNDAY, 16 OCTOBER 1864: Got the axe & worked hard all day. Tibbets cooked
dinner for us.
MONDAY, 17 OCTOBER 1864: Worked til 12 o'clock last night splitting shakes. Partly
built our house today have a good appetite.
TUESDAY, 18 OCTOBER 1864; Got a spade and covered our house with dirt. Johnson came
in from Macon today. H is well.
WEDNESDAY, 19 OCTOBER 1864: I made a bargen with the guard to trade him my boots
for his shoes & two plugs of tobacco.
THURSDAY, 20 OCTOBER 1864: Went into the stockade and made a trade with the guard
last night. Traded one plug of tobacco for a vest for Tibbets.
FRIDAY, 21 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets feels some better. The Rebs turned us out of our
qtrs & searched the Loyd (?) got on a stump and commenced to speak. The guarad was
about to shoot him down.
SATURDAY, 22 OCTOBER 1864: Rebel papers say the old Curlet (?) of exchange is
resumed. 1000 prisoners from Georgia to be exchanged immediately. Savannah to be the point
SUNDAY, 23 OCTOBER 1864: Had quite a heavy frost this morning. The first of the
season. Our house is comfortable.
MONDAY, 24 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets is with us. He is very weak. Rebs are assertaining
if the mens time out and if they have familys & if they are foreigners.
TUESDAY, 25 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets has not changed much since yesterday. I washed
him all over to day.
WEDNESDAY, 26 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets is getting very weak can not hardly help
himself. He has the diahrrea and Brainard is making him some tea of Blackberrys to warm
THURSDAY, 27 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets is much worse. Last night he couldnt get out in
time for a pass o (?). He has to be helped to the sink to day. 20 shoemakers went outside
to work. 13 men took the oath of allegiance and joined the 1st Georgia Rangers.
FRIDAY, 28 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets is getting very weak. Had a special roll call, and
all foreigners whose term of service had expired were invited to join the Confederate
Army. About 500 took the oath.
SATURDAY, 29 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets feels very stupid is in a kind of sleep all the
time. Has no more command of himself than a child. Appears better this evening.
SUNDAY, 30 OCTOBER 1864: Tibbets was speachless at 4 o'clock this morning. He dies
at daylight. About 6 o'clock rumers of an exchange are afloat through camp. Camp will be
cleaned out in 6 days.
MONDAY, 31 OCTOBER 1864: I hear that the Charleston prisoners are expected here in
a few days.
TUESDAY, 1 NOVEMBER 1864: About 1500 of the Andersonville prisoners arrived here
this morning. Saw the new moon directly in my front this evening.
WEDNESDAY, 2 NOVEMBER 1864: Commenced raining about 4 o'clock this morning &
quit at 2 this PM. Between 6 & 700 prisoners arrived from Ar-naby (Ca-naby) (?) this
morning. All the 17th Iowa xxx are with them.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1864: Rained all day. Brainard went out to work on prison
hospital. He is on parole.
FRIDAY, 4 NOVEMBER 1864: Cleared up last night and is quite cold this morning.
Raining some this evening.
SATURDAY, 5 NOVEMBER 1864: Morning cold and frosty. Very pleasant during the day.
About 50 latly captured prisoners came in this morning.
SUNDAY, 6 NOVEMBER 1864: Cold and frosty. Brainard came in on a pass of an hour.
One of the new prisoners Sergt Hale of the 12th Ill, came in to bunk with me.
MONDAY, 7 NOVEMBER 1864: Great news of the exchange in the pappers to commence next
week at the rate of 1000 daily. Are going to have an election tomorrow.
TUESDAY, 8 NOVEMBER 1864: Pols opened at 8 AM and closed at 9 PM. 8622 voted.
Lincoln received a majority of 969.
WEDNESDAY, 9 NOVEMBER 1864: Exchange news very exci-ting. Reported that 10 bad sick
and wounded Rebs are to arive here today. Last rumor falce.
THURSDAY, 10 NOVEMBER 1864: Raining in the morning.Chillynorth wind blowing all
day. Think I will go out to work next month if not exchanged.
FRIDAY, 11 NOVEMBER 1864: Rained a little this morn-ing. Fine weather later in the
day. Rebs recruited about 200 men from the prisoners. Reported that Lin-coln is elected.
MONDAY, 14 NOVEMBER 1864: >From the 29th of February last, to the present date,
there have dies of Federal prisoners at Camp Sumter 12464.
THURSDAY, 17 NOVEMBER 1864: Took a parole and went utsidethe stockade as carpenter
to work on prison hospitals.
FRIDAY, 18 NOVEMBER 1864: Went into woods, cut down 6trees and squared them &
by 10 (?) ft. long. Car loads of sick and wounded prisoners left to Savannah.
SATURDAY, 19 NOVEMBER 1864: Worked till noon then blacked my face (Illegible) put
my blanket out and flanked the guards. Got in with sick and wounded. (Illegible).
SUNDAY, 20 NOVEMBER 1864: Arrived in Savahhah at daylight. Got on the boat at 4 PM.
Was on board of our transport eating pork, hard tack & trinking, coffey. The stars and
stripes floating over a happy set of men.
MONDAY, 21 NOVEMBER 1864: Raining all day. We are ex-pected (?) expecting (?) the
transport at the mouth of the Savahah river and the batch of about 100 Yanks arrived &
were received on the transport.
TUESDAY, 22 NOVEMBER 1864: Washed all over & got a new suit of clothes of the
WEDNESDAY, 23 NOVEMBER 1864: At 1 PM the good ship M(?) Bassit hove anchor and
steamed out on an ocean all Vermillon (?) are ride meare (?) home-ward bound forAnnapolis
THURSDAY, 24 NOVEMBER 1864: The weather is fine and has the appearance of
continuing so during the trip.
FRIDAY, 25 NOVEMBER 1864: Weather still continues fair. A cooling (?) seas around
Capr Hateras, somemen are sea sick.
SATURDAY, 26 NOVEMBER 1864: Annapolis, MD. Passed byFt. Monroe and into the
Chesapeak Bay at 9 o'clock this A.M. Arrived here at dusk. Was detailed as nurse in the
Hospital immediately upon my arrival.
SUNDAY, 27 NOVEMBER 1864; Had turkey for dinner & supper. Some of the patients
were to Baltimore. Ihave been appointed Ward Master.
MONDAY, 28 NOVEMBER 1864: Got a pass and Brainard and me went out to Parole camp.
TUESDAY, 29 NOVEMBER 1864; Some few men sent to theirregts to day. Since have been
hear I have written to May Capt (Illegible) and Mrs. Tibbets.
WEDNESDAY, 30 NOVEMBER 1864; Scrubbed out the Ward this morning and had my hair
MARGARET A. and LOT H. CARLEY February 23, 1877 Filed April 2, 1877
Page 349 MARGARET A. AND LOTT H. CARLEY DEED
THE GRANTOR MARGARET A.
CARLEY and LOT H. CARLEY, Her husband, of the Town of Mt. Auburn, in the County of
Christian, and State of Illinois, for and in consideration of Fifty-five
Dollars ($55.00) in hand paid, Convey and Warrant to Samuel J. Snyder of the Town
of Mt. Auburn, County of Christian, and State of Illinois, the following described
real estate, to wit:
Commencing at the North East corner of Lot No. Fourteen (14)
now owned by F. M. Thomas in the Village of Grove City, Running thence North Sixty (60)
feet thence West Sixteen and three-fourths (16 3/4) rods thence South Sixty (60) feet
thence East Sixteen and three fourths (16 3/4) rods to the place of beginning. Said Lot
situated the SW 1/4 of the N E quarter of Section Thirty four (34) Town Fifteen (15) of
Range Two (2) West of the Third Principal Meridian situated in the county of Christian, in
the State of Illinois, hereby releasing and waiving all rights under and by virtue
of the Homestead Exemption Laws of this State.
|Dated this Twenty third day of
February A.D. 1877
||Signed by MARGARET A. CARLEY and
LOT A. CARLEY
|Witnessed by P.P. Daigh, Justice
of the Peace
||(P. P. SON OF JOHN DAIGH) (Brother of
THE 5TH IOWA CAVALRY AND THE
BATTLE OF SUGAR CREEK, ALABAMA
OCTOBER 9, 1863
Having read excerpts Thomas V.
Kennemer provided from the diary of Lt. Charles Alley (5th Iowa Cavalry, Co. C) regarding
the Battle of Sugar Creek, Alabama, I found two other references to the incident. It
appears most, if not all, of the Companies of the 5th Iowa Cavalry were involved in the
pursuit of General Wheeler.
In the "Historical Sketch Fifth Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry" I found
the following on pages 852 and 853.
"From September 26th to the close of the month the
regiment was again on the march and, on September 30th, was in camp near
Winchester, from which place it again took up the line of march to watch the movements of
the rebel force under the command of General Wheeler, which had crossed the mountains for
the purpose of destroying bridges and otherwise rendering the Nashville and Chattanooga
Railroad useless for the transportation of troops and supplies for the Union army. The
regiment moved from Winchester to different points along the line of the railroad and, on
October 6th, had a skirmish with the enemy, in which it had one man ¾
Henry Perkins of Company K ¾ mortally wounded. On October 9th,
in another skirmish with the enemy, E. W. Sloan of Company H, was wounded. The pursuit was
kept up to the Tennessee River, but the rebel General Wheeler, by marching his cavalry day
and night, succeeded in getting across the river and making his escape, after losing about
one hundred and fifty of his men, killed, wounded and captured. In this pursuit, the
entire Second Cavalry Division, under command of General Crook, was engaged. Colonel Lowe
of the Fifth Iowa was in command of the First Brigade, and Lieutenant Colonel Patrick
commanded the regiment. From the Tennessee River the Second Cavalry Division turned in
pursuit of the rebel General Roddys cavalry, then in camp at Athens, Tenn.
Lieutenant Colonel Patrick, with the Fifth Iowa and a detachment of the Fourth Michigan
Cavalry, marched all night on October 17th, reaching Athens at sunrise to find the rebel
force had withdrawn across the river. Lieutenant Colonel Patrick then returned with his
command to Maysville, having marched seventy miles in twenty-four hours. While no general
engagement had been fought, the designs of the rebel General had been frustrated and the
Union line of transportation protected and kept open for the passage of troops, supplies
and munitions of war. From October 17th to November 14th, the regiment remained in camp at
Maysville, giving the men and horses a much needed rest before again resuming active
operations against the enemy."
In the "Memoirs of Josiah Conzett of Dubuque, Iowa" I
found the following on pages 57 through 61."... - from Here some time in October we
were Ordered to Join Genl Crook who was after the Rebl Genl Joe Wheeler - That had got
through our Lines some how and in the Rear Of our Army with quite a Large Cavalry Force,
and Several Batteries of Artillery, he was creating quite A Panic. - Tearing up our Rail
Roads - destroying Bridges Capturing Our Wagon Loaded with Supplies for the Army at
Chattanooga and Taking Prisonors small Bodies of our Men that were Gaurding them. it was
getting Searious for the Boys at the Front. We got after him, and Caught up with his Rear
Gaurd at War Trace Tennesee. We our Company had quite A Severe Skirmish with them here -
but got them on The Run in a Couple of Hours. here is where our Major Bracket and our Capt
Moreing showed Thier Cowardice - as soon as Firing began they each took To a Tree, and
from that safe retreat, gave out thier Commands such as give them Hell Boys and such like.
We Yelled and Hooted and tried to Shame them out but they stuck to thier Trees until the
Rebs had gone - Brave Boys were they - Gone at thier Countrys Call only [?] To Shirk thier
Duty and draw thier Pay - We folled them to & through The Town of Shelbybille Tenn.
Here I must digress and relatte an incident to acurred while We wre Chasing the Rebs
through Shelbyville on the Campaign Under Rosencranz in June. Miss Pauline Cushman at that
Time a Noted Actress, had been Playing an Engagement in Louisville, that Spring had been
asked by the Genl to Act as a Spy for him in the Rebel Army (For instructions And reason
given to her see any Rileable War History) she Consent and enterd the Rebbel Lines as a
Perverted Woman Having Sympathised with the South and drove out of the Union Lines for
Talking sesch (secession) to much, and given Aid To Rebbel Soldiers &c& - She was
recieved with Open Arms And Feeted and Toasted for many days - She Visited the Forts And
Camps and gained Valuable Information could She have sent it through thier Lines - but at
last for some Reason or another Bragg set a Watch on her, having got Suspicions through
some of her Actions - Success had made Bold & Careless - A private Order for her
Arrest was made by Bragg, wich through some Officer of Braggs Staff who She had Infatuated
reached her in Time - she Secured a Swift Horse and got nearly into our Lines when She was
Over taken and next Condemned to be Hung as A Spy - but befor she could be excuted she was
taken Sick With Typhoid Fever and prolonged her Sickness until Bragg and his Army had to
Hustle out of Town by our Rapid Aproach - Bragg could not stop to get her out and did Not
want the Name of Hangin a Sick Woman, - so He had to leave her. whe we enterd Town and we
did it On the Gallopp, we passed her House she Waved her Handkerchief Franticly at us from
the Window - We Saluted But at the Time did not Know her. she was sent back in An
Ambulance and evry Attention and Honor possible Was given her - and when she reached the
North she Was Lionized and given the Glad hand by evrybody Sad to have to relate that all
this so turned her Head That she took to drink and Fast Living and in a few Years reached
the lowest depth and died an Outcast and Was Burried as a Pauper - at Farminton Tennesee -
Wilders Brigade of Indianna Troop (the advance) caught up with them, but they had Hidden
in Thick Brush right near the Roadside that our Boys Could not see them - so when our Boys
came up they at Such close Range fired Voley after Voley into them - taken So completly by
Surprise and Of thier Gaurd, the (our) Boys were a little disorganized and Stuned - but
they were Vetterans Of the best Type - they never Retreated a Foot, but quickly Railad and
how they did pour it into them now flying Johnnies was a Caution, and how they did chase
them Miles & Miles can only be realized by the Soldiers that have gone through a
Similar Experience, and we had more then Once. Our Loss in Killed and Wounded I never
heard of, but it was Heavy for so small a ?Force in so Short a time. the Rebs Lost was
considerable too - we saw quite A Number of thier dead along the Road, and thier Wounded
they took along Or hid in Friendly Houses near by. we followed them For Several days -
when on the 19th of October they finaly Made a Stand (a Brigade of 2 or 3 Regiments) in
the Valley Of the Sugar Creek Ala - as we came down the Hill into The Valley about one
Mile Wide - right at the Foot we found Genl Crook his Staff and Battle Flag carried by
Corporal Horton Dickinson of our Company awaiting us -, he called A hallt for the Regiment
to get up - our Company had the Advance that day - then he the (General) pointing to the
Rebbels in Battle Line Across the Valley at the Foot of the Hill - Said to us - now Go in
Boys - and get evry Mothers Son of them - we crossed a small Creek drew up in Battle Line
- the Order was given Drop Carabine and take Aim - the Order next was given - Drop
Carabine - Draw Sabers And Charge - as soon as the Rebs saw 6 or 700 Hundred Sabers Flash
in the Sun (it was a Bright & Hot day) The turned And tried thier best to get away -
but we were soon in thier Midst and many a Reb Saddle was empted in A short time in that
Wild Scrambel - I did my Best to hurt somebody, for I Slashed and Stabbed at any and every
thing in my Way, but I am glad to be able now to say that I dont Know of any on I Hit Or
Hurt - our Loss was Triffling the Rebs were to anxious to get away to Fight - thier Loss
in Killed and Captured was quite Considerable - Charlie Wiegel and Geo Thompson in thier
Exitement got to far into the Reb Front but as they Knew they could not hold them they
took Thier Horses and Arms and let them go. they were waiting For us by the Roadside
Horseless and without Arms. From this time until the Rebbels reached the Tennesee River
our Regiment saw no more of the Johnnies only a few dead ones along The Roadside that the
Advance Gaurd Killed. They crossed on A Pontoon Bridge thier Friend had laid for them, and
when Our Command came up - it had been taken up and sent Away - Here ended our Chase -
They got away with an immence amount of Plunder - Horses and Stock included - it Was said
he Wheeler crossed with 100 Army Wagons loaded Down with Valuable Plunder of evry
discription - But we Punished them good for it in Killed Captured and Wounded. We remained
here a few day and then went up to Huntsville Ala - we laid here very quiet nothing doing
On either side - both Parties glad to Rest especialy as the Rainy Season was approaching,
the Winter in that part of the South."
Clark and Curtis Carley
See CIVIL WAR TRIP
CHATANOOGA NATIONAL CEMETERY REGISTRY, 5/22/96
5TH IOWA CAVALRY
Issac Hickbone, 1st Sgt. Co. G, died 12/10/1863, Doddsville, TN. Grave 6198.
Godfrey Jerne, Pvt. Co. I, died 2/4/1910, may be a veteran. Grave 13492.
Eesley W. Woodmanse, Pvt. Co. I, died 5/29/1890, may be a veteran. Grave
MARIETTA NATIONAL CEMETERY RECORDS. 5-22-96
5TH IOWA CAVALRY
CONZETT David Pvt. Co. E 5th. Iowa E 6104
COUSINS William A Pvt. Co. E 5th. Iowa A 320
GULER ANDREW 1ST. lT. Co. E 5th Iowa C 2317
CORLIN L P. Pvt.
Co. E 5th.
Iowa E 6107
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Ezla Martin Tebbets Civil War diary
and other letter as of 11-7-2001