Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   
U.S. Civil War Pension File
Loren Caples, West Monroe, New York

Company "H", 147th Infantry Regiment N.Y. Volunteers
Dependent Mother's Claim, No. 270,990, for Lucy Jane Caples Carpenter
Compiled by Valerie Capels, October 2002
(updated December 8, 2002)

Below is a near-complete transcription of the documents contained in the National Archives Pension File for Civil War veteran Loren Caples of West Monroe, Oswego County, N.Y.   Documents that are not word-for-word transcribed are, instead, summarized.  Text in italic indicates hand-written text.  Text in [brackets] represents the compiler's notes indicating uncertainty as to interpretation or some other commentary.

The records tell parts of a sad story that includes abandonment, poverty, dishonor, awkward family relations, and disputable facts through Loren's mother's unsuccessful attempt to claim a pension from the U.S. government after he died.  The records show that after Lucy Jane Caples Carpenter's claim was rejected in 1887, she got a different attorney to represent her and continued to pursue it.  The final rejection came in 1890.

According to census and death records, Lucy Jane Lower was born in Madison or Herkimer County, New York. She testifies below that she and William Caples (my ancestor) were married in the Town of Hastings, Oswego County, New York in 1834.  She would have been about 16 years old. It appears they may have traveled back to Herkimer County for a time (for work?, family support?), as census records indicate that most of her children were born in Herkimer County.  (Travel between Oswego County and Herkimer County in the Mohawk Valley was likely made over the Oswego Canal, which connected to the Erie Canal in downtown Syracuse.  The Erie Canal, which opened in 1825, with side canals completed by 1836, was a driving force in the growth of industry, jobs, and people in the region.)  They moved to Oswego County around 1850, just before, while, or soon after Lucy was pregnant with Lovina.  They had lived in Mallory, New York for one year when Lucy's husband, William Caples, abandoned her and their family in 1861.  According to Lucy's testimony, they had lived in West Monroe for 10 years before that.  She subsisted as a seamstress. It is not yet known what became of Lucy after the final rejection.

Of Lucy's seven children, only Lovina Fidler and Lunia Russell, Loren's sisters, provided testimony in 1887 and again in 1890.  Perhaps none of the other siblings were asked to, or they were but had nothing to say.  By 1887, it appears that all but Lovina had all left Oswego County for Syracuse or elsewhere.  Below is a brief synopsis of what is currently known of Loren's brothers and sisters:
  • Lucia Caples, born abt. 1837 (Lunia's twin) in Herkimer County: no information. Did she die young?
  • Lunia Caples, born abt. 1837 (Lucia's twin) in Herkimer County: married letter carrier Henry Russell of Syracuse.
  • Lester Caples, born October 02, 1837 in Herkimer County: Syracuse directories showed that he was a cooper living in Syracuse in 1869; married Elizabeth Doley/Dolley; died November 08, 1916 in Syracuse; children: Loren, George, Jennie.
  • * Loren Capels, born August 12, 1840 in Herkimer County: died August 10, 1876 in Mallory, NY.
  • Lomenzo Caples, born abt. 1843 in Herkimer County; 1880 census showed he was living in Syracuse; married Hannah M. Manwaring; children: Ella, Lillie, Grace A., Ernest, William L., Ethel S. Caples.
  • Lovina Caples Fidler, born Abt. 1849: stayed in Oswego County; married Jerome or Sylvester Fidler. Is likely the same Lovina Caples that records show married Walter Simmons with a son Charles born 1882.
  • William Leroy Caples, born April 26, 1853: married Olivia J. Rill; died May 21, 1920 in Syracuse.

Compiled by Valerie Capels, of Waitsfield, Vermont, a descendent of Lester Caples, Loren's brother.  A copy of the complete Pension file was provided in May, 2002, to the Oswego County Historian/Records Administrator, 384 E. River Road, Oswego, NY, 13126.  A copy will soon be delivered to the West Monroe Historical Society.  A copy of this compilation will also be provided.

Source: The National Archives
Claim No.: 270 990
Veteran: Loren Caples
Rank: Corporal
Service: Company "H", 147 Infantry Regiment N.Y. Volunteers; there is also occasional reference to Company "D"

Enlisted: August 28, 1862
Dishonorably Discharged: February 19, 1864
Died: August 10, 1876
Declarations filed: May 6, 1875, July 14, 1890
Rejections: May, 1887, November 20, 1890

Recognized Attorneys:
  • John O'Brien, Caughdenoy & Phoenix, NY
  • T. W. Tallmadge, Washington, D.C.
  • Physicians' Affidavits:
  • Henry D. Didomer, Syracuse, NY, June 19, 1885
  • Dr. N. W. Bates, Central Square, NY, February 26, 1887
  • Nelson W. Bates, Central Square, Oswego County, August 18, 1890
  • Affiants and Deponents on behalf of Lucy Jane Carpenter's Claim:
  • Amos J. Richardson, Town Clerk, a resident of the Town of Hastings, P.O. Address Central Square, Oswego County NY, December, 1882
  • Caroline Jackson, 41, Town of Hastings, P.O. address Mallory, Oswego County, NY, July 15, 1885
  • James Jackson, 46, Town of Hastings, P.O. address Central Square, Oswego County, NY, July 15, 1885
  • Reuben W. Slayton, 49, Tully, Onondaga County, NY, July 16, 1885
  • John Fidler, 69, farmer & cooper, Mallory, NY, January 31, 1887
  • Jennie Fidler, 38, wife of John Fidler, Mallory, NY, January 31, 1887
  • Diantha M. Ingison/Ingereson, 42, West Monroe, NY, January 31, 1887
  • H. R. Knapp, 49, Onondaga County, NY, February 25, 1887
  • Dr. N. W. Bates, 58, Central Square, NY, February 26, 1887
  • Elmira Vinney, 50, Syracuse, NY, February 26, 1887
  • Diantha M. Ingereson, 42, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
  • Alfred D. Ingison, 42, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
  • Lovina Fiddler, 38, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
  • Adelia Fiddler, 54, Mallory, NY, March 3, 1887
  • Lunia Russell, 50, Syracuse, NY, March 4, 1887
  • Lovina Fidler, 38, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
  • Diantha M. Ingison, 42, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
  • Lunia Russell, 50, Syracuse, NY, March 4, 1887
  • Peter L. Woodin, July 11, 1890, August 25, 1890
  • John Bronner, July 11, 1890
  • Orange Hoyt, 45, Central Square, August 23, 1890
  • Peter L. Woodin, August 25, 1890
  • George Gosling, August 25, 1890
  • Caroline Southworth, 52, Hastings Center, NY, September 29, 1890
  • Lovina Fidler, 41, Mallory, NY, October 16, 1890
  • Josiah F. Benton, 53, Hastings Center, NY, October , 1890
  • Statements by Lucy Jane Lower Caples Carpenter:
  • Claimant, June 25" 80, Declaration
  • Claimant, Dec 16" '82, Residence-P.O.-family - date of remarriage, Feb'y 11" 1882. as to sons [etc.?]
  • Claimant, -, Cannot furnish testimony of Surgeon-or medical evidence as to treatment from discharge
  • Claimant's Statement, Central Square, NY, March 2, 1887
  • Claimant's last statement, Central Square, March 3, 1887
  • Letter to Commissioner of Pensions, April 2, 1887
  • Declaration, July 14, 1890
  • Declaration, August 26, 1890
  • Letter to Green M. Baum, December 8, 1890
  • On November 4, 1882, C. B. Malter, Acting Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., sent pre-printed form 3-476] to John O'Brien, Esq., Caughdenoy, Oswego Co., N.Y., with the following directions:
    Sir:
         In the Pension Claim, No. 270.990, of Lucy Jane Caples, as mother of Loren Caples, of Co. H. 147 NY Vols, the claimant is required to state under oath her actual residence and post-office address in 1864, each change since, and the date thereof, and the names, ages, and relationship of all members of her family in 1864, and whether any person has been legally bound to support her since the death of the soldier.
        Evidence is required showing whether the claimant has again married since the death of the soldier her relationship to the solider, whether he had ever been married, ans whether he left a widow, child, or children surviving him.
         If the claimant's husband died prior to the death of the soldier, the fact and date of his death should be proved. If the husband survived the soldier, medical evidence should be furnished showing his exact physical condition in 1864, the nature and extent of his disability, if any existed, during that year and each year since to the present time.
         The testimony of the husband's employer, or of others having personal knowledge of the facts, is required, showing his age, occupation, and the amount of income per month or year that was derived from his occupation, and from all other sources, during the entire year of 1864, and each year since to the present time; whether his income afforded the claimant a maintenance, and how she has obtained means of subsistence each year since the soldier's death.
         If the husband or the claimant abandoned her, or failed to support her for any other cause, all the facts relating to such failure should be clearly shown by competent evidence.
         Testimony of credible disinterested persons having personal knowledge of the facts is required, showing the full value of all the property owned by, or in possession of, the claimant and her husband during the year 1864, and each year since that date to the present time, of what said property, real and personal, consisted, where located, and the income derived from it during each year of the period above named.
         The affidavit of the custodian of the assessment records should also be furnished, showing the value of all property assessed to the claimant and her husband each year since 1863.
         If the claimant or her husband has disposed of any real estate since the soldier's death a transcript from the records should be furnished, showing when, to whom, and for what consideration the transfer was made.
         Evidence is required showing to what extent and in what manner the soldier aided in the support of the claimant, or acknowledged his obligation to do so, during the four years next prior to his death.
         All letters written by or for the soldier in which he referred to claimant should be filed.
         All witnesses should state their ages, post-office addresses, and means of knowledge of the facts to which they testify; and it must appear in the jurats whether they are credible, that they knew the contents of their affidavits, and that all erasures and interlineations were made before the oaths were administered.
         The return of this circular with all requirements strictly complied will insure early action.(1)
    On November 6, 1882, C. B. Malter, Acting Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., sent printed form 3-06[3?] (No. 16) to the Adjutant General by messenger, who received it the next day:
    Sir:
              You are respectfully requested to furnish official evidence of the enrolment, muster, service, duty, and discharge or death of Loren Caples, who was Corporal in Company H 147 Regiment of N.Y. Vols., reported died August 10, 1864.
              If the above name is not found on the rolls of said Company, will you so state, and report as to enrolment, etc., in the case of any man bearing a similar name, whom you have good reason for believing to be the soldier inquired for.
              Please, also, to furnish any evidence on file that may enable this Office to decide whether the soldier's death resulted from injuries received or disease contracted in the service and line of duty.

              Please return this circular with your report.
              Claim No. 270.990(2)
    Index to Report (3-143) [No.; Name & P.O. Address; Date of Filing; Subject]
    Index Mother's, Claim N. 270.990, Loren Caples "D", Reg't 147" N.Y. Vols Inf'ty.
    1. Claimant, June 25" 80, Declaration
    2. Adjutant General Report
    3. Surgeon General's Report
    4. Reuben W. Slayton, Tully~N.Y., July 27" '85, Comrade, origin
    5. Dr. Henry D. Didama [sic], Syracuse, NY, " " " , Soldiers condition in 1864
    6. James & Carolyn Jackson, P.O.s Central Square, N.Y., Mallory, N.Y., " " " , Clm'ts husband abandoned her in 1853. Soldiers condition from discharge to death Aug 10" 1876.
    7. Claimant, Dec 16" '82, Residence-P.O.-family - date of remarriage, Feb'y 11" 1882. as to sons [etc.?]
    8. ", -, Cannot furnish testimony of Surgeon-or medical evidence as to treatment from discharge
    9. A. J. Richardson, Central Square, N.Y., Dec 16" '82, Assessor~No property assessed to cl'mt or husband from 1863 to 1882


    For soldiers letter or confidential information see envelopes in jacket(3)
    No. 1. Declaration for an Original Pension of a Father or Mother. On June 22, 1880 [about six years after Loren's death], Lucy Jane Caples, age 62, appeared before the Clerk of the Supreme Court, Onondaga County, and provided the following declaration in order to obtain the Pension provided by Acts of Congress granting Pensions to dependent relatives:
    • she is the mother of Loren Caples, who entered service at Parish, NY in September, A.D. 1862
    • he served in H. 147th Regt N.Y.S. Volunteers in the war of 18etc., who while engaged in the Battle of Gettysburgh Pa was wounded in the right leg below the knee he was also Ruptured by reason of a Fall That he died at Mallory, Oswego Co. NY by reason of that wound & [...?] on the 10th day of August, A.D. 1867;
    • he bore at the time of his death the rank of Corporal, in the Company D 147th Regt NYS Vols;
    • he left neither widow nor child under sixteen years of age surviving;
    • she was married to the Father of said son at Hastings Centre Oswego Co, N.Y. on the 10 day of May, A.D. 1834, by Mr. Ford Esq;
    • she was wholly dependent upon said son for support;
    • that the Father of said son died at abandoned the support of his family at Mallory Oswego Co since which time he has not returned
    • there were no surviving at date of said soldier's death his brothers and sisters who were under sixteen years of age;
    • she has not heretofore received nor applied for Pension;
    • she has not aided or abetted the rebellion;
    • she appoint, with full power of substitution and revocation, John O'Brien of Caughdenoy, Oswego Co., NY her true and lawful attorney to prosecute her claim; and
    • that her residence is In the Town of Hastings street Oswego Co NY, and her Post Office address is Mallory Oswego Co, N.Y.
                          Lucy Jane Caples(4)
      /s/ Josiah F. Benton [Hastings, Oswego County, NY]
      /s/ Hannah Benton [Hastings, Oswego County, NY]

    • (Two witnesses)
    No. 2. Adjutant General's Report.
    Widows                            War Department
    270 990                                     Adjutant General's Office,
                                                                Washington, April 30, 1883

         Respectfully returned to the Commissioner of Pensions.
    Loren Caples, a Corporal of Company H, 147th Regiment New York Volunteers, was enrolled on the 30th day of August, 1862, at West Monroe, for 3 yrs and is reported: On Muster Roll of C. for Sept. And Oct 1862. Present with remark, sick in Quarters. Nov and Dec 1862, Present, same report to June 30, 1863. July and Aug 1863 Absent wounded in action at Gettysburg July 1, 1863. In Hospital Baltimore, Md. Reg't was in action at Gettysburg, Pa July 1 to 3, 1863. He "was in Field Hospital 1st Div 1st [A.C.?] with G.S.W. [gun shot wound] right leg, slight, received in action at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3d 1863, --date admitted and disposition not given, was admitted to Jarvis G. H., Baltimore, Md., July 19, 1863, with G.S.W. right received in battle, furloughed Oct 28th, 1863 and reported deserted Dec 31st 1863. This soldier at date of expiration of furlough Nov 6th, 1863, procured a Surgeon's certificate that he was unable to join his Co by reason of G.S.W. of leg and would not be fit for duty for 30 days, Dec. 7th, 1863, he procured a similar certificate, and also on January 19th 1864. He admits he was able to join Feb. 19th 1864, but was persuaded by friends to remain absent longer. Dishonorable discharge furnished by A.G.O. Feb. 8, 1877 to date Feb. 19. 1864, by reason of desertion.
                                   [? ?] Bailey
                                   Assistant Adjutant General(5)
    No. 3. Surgeon General's Report. From the Surgeon General's Office, Washington, D.C., October 27, 1883, re: No. 249,749, on a printed form mostly hand-written by Assistant Surgeon, U.S. Army B. F. Pope:
    SIR:
         I have the honor to return herewith your request for a report of hospital treatment in Claim No. 270,990, with such information as is furnished by the records filed in this Office, viz: that Corpl Loren Caples, Co H 147" N.Y. Vols. was admitted to St. Mary's G. H. Rochester, N.Y. April 19', 64 with Wound of left leg, and was returned to duty Apl 29, '64.
         (It appears from the records of the Regiment that he was treated in Mar. '63 for jaundice.)
         No record of soldier's treatment found, addition to the above, and that contained in the enclosed report of the Adjutant General of the Army, dated Apl 30, 1883.
    (6)
    No. 4. On July 16, 1885, Reuben W. Slayton, 49, Tully, Onondaga County, NY, provided the following information to Notary Public [Henice?] K. King on a printed form entitled Proof of Disability:
    • that Loren Caples, while in the line of his duty, at or near Gettysburgh [sic] in the State of Pennsylvania did, on or about the 5th day of July, 1865, become disabled "while Engaged in Battle in the ranks of his Company he received a gunshot wound of the Leg which totally disabled him for further duty"
    • that the affiant was "with the Company at the time Said Loren Caples was wounded he was Sent away to Hospital and did not rejoin the Company during Deponent's Subsequent Service with the Company."
    • that the affiant knew Loren Caples for five years,
    • the affiant served as Captain of Company H of the 147 Regiment of N.Y. Volunteers from the 10th day of September 1862 to the 1st day of September 1863(7)
    No. 5. On a printed form entitled Physician's Affidavit, Henry D. Didomer, of Syracuse, NY, provided the following to Notary Public Stanley Bagg, Onondaga County, June 19, 1885. The handwriting is very small and difficult to interpret:
    • That he is a Practising Physician,
    • that he was acquainted with said soldier for about 21 years, and that
    • I find on my books a Statement that I dressed Lon--? [looks like Lomenzo, but that would have been his brother] Caples leg from March 28th 1864 to the last of April 1864 making 3 vis & dressing let in office four times & that I made a visit Feb 25th 1864 & prescribed for urethral difficulty. I [--st] the Character of the wound does not appear & I have no recollection. The fact that the bill was never paid is however evident from the books & is quite clear in my memory. But he was poor & a soldier. No effort was made to collect.(8)
    No. 6. On a printed form entitled General Affidavit, James Jackson, 46, P.O. address Central Square and Caroline Jackson, 41, P.O. address Mallory, both of the Town of Hastings, Oswego County, NY, provided the following affidavit to Justice of the Peace H. Wood on July 15, 1885, as recorded in his handwriting:
         That they have been well acquainted with the Claimant for the Past 35 years That they were also well acquainted with William Caples her former Husband during his lifetime That her Said Husband abandoned the Support of his family at Mallory Oswego County New York about the Spring of 1853 and never afterwards Contributed towards the Support of his family nor Came home to live that the facts Stated are Personally [sic] to the affiants by reason of being near Neighbors to Claimant and family at the time her Said Husband abandoned his family and have always resided in the neighborhood of Claimant and her family from that time to the Present and having visited and received visits frequently from Claimant during those years.
    That Loren Caples the Soldier came home in the fall of 1863 he was Sick and Suffering from a wound of his leg that he Continued Sickly and lame from that time till his Death which Occured [sic] at Mallory Oswego County New York on the 10th day of August 1876 That deponents remember the date of his death from general recollection and frequently hearing the matter talked about and from the date in the Notice of his Death Published in a newspaper at the time. ...
              /s/ Caroline Jackson
              /s/ James Jackson(9)
    No. 7. On November 18, 1882, Lucy Jane Caples, a resident of the Town of West Monroe, P.O. Address Mallory, NY, provided the following in a General Affidavit to Notary Public B. G. Lewis in Oswego County, NY:
    That her actual residence and Post Office address in 1864 and Each year Since has been Mallory Oswego County New York the Names Ages and relationship of all the members of her family in 1864 were as follows her mother Elizabeth A. J.[or P.] Lower aged then 70 years her Daughter Lovina aged then 14 years her Son Leroy aged then 10 years and the Soldier Loren Caples aged 24
    That nobody has been legally bound to Support her Since the Death of the Soldier till her marriage to William Carpenter February the 11th 1882
    That the Evidence of neighbors as to her relationship to the Soldier is the best Evidence She can furnish as there no [sic] Public Record of his Birth So far as She knows and attendant Physician and the other Persons Present at his birth are Dead.
                        /s/ Lucy J. Carpenter (formerly Caples)(10)
    No. 8. Lucy Jane Caples Carpenter, 68, resident and P.O. address of Central Square, Oswego County, NY, provided the following on a printed form entitled General Affidavit to Oswego County Justice of the Peace H. Wood on July 21, 1885, as written by his hand:
    That She is the above named Claimant that She Cannot furnish the Evidence of the regimental Surgeon as to treatment of her Son in Service as Dr. Coe Says he has no record or recollection of the Case That She Cannot furnish medical Eve of his Condition all the time after discharge to Death as he was not able to Employ a Physician all the time that She done most of his doctoring herself Dr. Didoma was his first and Dr. Bates his last Physician and their Evidence is all of the kind she can furnish That She Can furnish the affidavits of other neighbors if necessary to Show that her Son Continued Sick from discharge to Death that his wound of leg never healed but was a running sore Dr Bates aff as to the immediate Cause of Death has been furnished.
                       /s/ Lucy Jane Carpenter(11)
    No. 9. In December, 1882, Town Clerk Amos J. Richardson, a resident of the Town of Hastings, P.O. Address Central Square, Oswego County NY, provided the following in a General Affidavit to Notary Public B. G. Lewis in Oswego County, NY, as recorded in the Notary Public's hand:
    That he is Town Clerk of the Town of Hastings Oswego Co. N.Y. That he has Examined the Assessment Rolls of Said Town on file in his office from the year 1863 to the year 1882 exclusive except for the years 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1879 [1877 and 1878 not in list] which he has been informed and believes were Destroyed by fire That here is no Property Either Reaor Personal Assessed on Said Rolls to Lucy Jane Caples the Claimant or her late Husband William Caples. The Assessment for 1882 has been taken for the time being by the Supervisor who is supposed to be now at the County Seat on official business.
    /s/ A. J. Richardson
    Town Clerk(12)
         Caughdenoy Oswego Co., N.Y. May 29th 1883
    Hon.Wm. W. Dudly          Com of Pension
              Sir           B fide [?] the Enclosed letter dated October 11th 1863 at Jarvis Hospital Balt. Md. From Loran Caples to his Mother for use in Pension Claim 271.149 of Lucy Jane Caples now Carpenter Mother of Loren Caples late of Co H 147th Regt., NYS Vols
              Respectfully yours
                       John O'Brien
                             Atty in Claim (13)
    The following is a letter sent from Loren Caples to his mother, written on October 11, 1863, while he was in Jarvis Hospital, Baltimore, MD. It is written in a neat script on 3 short pages. It was included among the records received by the U.S. Pension records on June 2, 1883, having been sent on May 29, 1883, by John O'Brien, Attorney in Claim, of Caughdenoy, Oswego County, NY to Honorable William W. Dudly, Commissioner of Pensions for use in Pension Claim 271.479 of Lucy Jane Caples, now Carpenter:
    [page 1]
    Oct 11th, 63
    Jarvis Hospital 5 Ward Baltimore, m.d.

    Dear Mother and Brother

    i recieved your letter to day & i was glad to here you was all well. i am a bout the same i hope this will find you all well. well Leroy you thought i wouldent write to such a little boy as you did you i would write to you as quick as I would to a large boy are you a going to keep them butternu[ts] in your jacket till i came home if you do i guess they will be pretty dry. they will last good
    [page 2]
    mother you need not trouble yourself about my a bout my leg for i wont loos it this time i dont think for it looks well a nough now there was time when i thought i would loos it but them thoughts has fled. you have dun well if you have made 30 Coats. i will helpe you pey for your sewing machien when i get my pay then what you earn you can keep. Tell Lomenzo that i wrote him a letter the other day so i write as ofton as he does So tell him to write offtener
    [page 3]
    & i will then he need not feel bad any more well Mother & Leroy you must excuse this short letter & write soon no more at present yours most truly
    /s/ Loren Caples(14)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., March 30, 1885
    Sir:
    Please return this letter with Such information as you possess relative to the financial Condition and means of Support of Lucy Jane Caples and her husband William Caples during the years 1875 and 1876, his physical Condition, the nature of his disease, if any existed, whether by means of his disability or other Cause he failed to Support his family and in what manner And to what extent they were dependent upon their son Loren Caples, late of Co. "D" 147', New York Vols.
    Did Said Loren Caples live with his parents in 1875 and 1876?
    For use in Mother's Claim for Pension
    No. 270, 990
                      Very Respectfully
                            John C. Black
                            Commissioner

    Postmaster
    Mallory, NY
    Immediately below in the postmaster's handwriting is the following response:
    in reply to the first question, his physical condition was good. the nature of his disease was [Shifleness ?]. that is all the reason I can give for not Suporting [sic] his family. they were not dependent upon their Son Loren Caples for Support for reason that he had a family & was not hardly able to Support his own. I think he did not live there neither did he make it his home in 1875 & 76 She married again about three years ago
                       Yours very Respectfully
                              Jared Mallory
                                  P.M.(15)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., on a pre-printed form 3-053 filled in with the nearly calligraphic handwriting of Pension Commissioner, John C. Black to John O'Brien on March 30, 1885:
    Sir:
    In reply to your inquiry relating to the pension claim No. 270,990 of Lucy Jane Caples as Mother of Loren Caples, late of Co. "D," 147" Reg't, New York Vols, you are informed that it awaits evidence of in addition to the requirements of the enclosed Circular, the testimony of persons having a personal Knowledge of the fact of Showing when the husband of Claimant abandoned his family whether Continuous until 1880. called for in a communication form this Office under date of November 2' 1882 and addressed to You
                 Very respectfully,
                        John C. Black
                              Commissioner

    John O'Brien
    Phoenix, Oswego Co.
    New York(16)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., on pre-printed form 3-472, March 30, 1885:
    Sir:
         In the Pension Claim, No. 270,990, of Lucy Jane Caples as Mother of Loren Caples, Co. 'D.' 147" New York Vols, the testimony of commissioned officers of the soldier's company having personal knowledge of the facts is required, showing definitely when, where, and under what circumstances he contracted any disease or received any injury, the nature and symptoms of the same, and the testimony of the surgeon or assistant surgeon of his regiment, showing treatment therefor while in service.
         If the claimant is unable to furnish any part of the testimony above as indicated, the reasons why she cannot do so must be shown by her affidavit, when the testimony of other persons having personal knowledge of the facts will be considered.
         Medical evidence is required showing the soldier's physical condition at the date of his discharge and return home from the Army, the nature and symptoms of his disease or injury, if any existed, at that time, and its progress thence year by year to death, and the date and immediate cause of death.
         His physicians should state the dates they first visited him professionally, and as near as they are able the dates of all subsequent treatment administered, and the nature of the disease from which he was suffering at each date. All medical testimony should be, so far as practicable, in the language and handwriting of the physician.
        All witnesses should state their ages, post-office addresses, and means of knowledge of the facts to which they testify; and it must appear in the jurats whether they are credible, that they knew the contents of their affidavits , and that all erasures and interlineations were made before the oaths were administered.
         The return of this circular with all requirements strictly complied with will insure early action.
                                              Very respectfully,
                                                    John C. Black
                                                    Commissioner
    John O Brien
         Phoenix, Oswego Co.
              New York(17)
    On July 9, 1885, Lucy Jane Carpenter (formerly Caples), of Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y., executed the following Articles of Agreement, before Justice of the Peace H. Wood:
    WHEREAS, I, Lucy Jane Carpenter (formerly Caples), Mother of Mother of Loron [sic] Caples, late a Private in Company H, of the 147th Regiment of N YS Volunteers, war of 1861 & 5 having made application for pension under the laws of the United States.
              NOW THIS AGREEMENT WITNESSETH: That for and in consideration of services done and to be done in the premises, I hereby agree to allow my agent John O'Brien of Phoenix Oswego Co., N.Y., the fee of Twenty-five dollars, which shall include all amounts to be paid for any services in the furtherence of said claim; and said fee shall not be demanded or payable to my said agent, in whole or in part, except in case of the granting of my pension by the Commissioner of Pensions; and then the same shall be paid to him in accordance with the provisions of sections 4768 and 4769 of the Revised Statutes, U.S.
    /s/ Perrin L. Lane
    /s/ Dayton C. Lewis                               /s/ Lucy J. Carpenter
    And, now, to wit, this 24 day of July, A.D., 1885, I accept the provisions contained in the foregoing articles of agreement, and will to the best of my ability, endeavor faithfully to represent the interest of the claimant in the premises. I hereby certify that I have received from the claimant above-named, the sum of nothing. And that these agreements have been executed in duplicate without additional cost to the claimant, as required by law, in excess of the fee above-named, the said agents making no charge therefor.
    Witness my hand the year and day above written. /s/ John O'Brien
    State of New York, County of Oswego, SS.
    Personally came John O'Brien , whom I know to be the person he represent himself to be, and who, having signed above acceptance of agreement, acknowledged the same to be his free act and deed.
         Witness my hand and seal this 24 day of July, 1885.
                  /s/ M. M. Cutter
                  Justice of the Peace(18)
    In a brief, handwritten note in response to Commissioner John Black's March 30, 1885 inquiry, John O'Brien wrote the following:
         Phoenix Oswego Co. N.Y. Nov. 27, 1885
    Commissioner of Pensions
         Sir Please furnish the Condition of Pension Claim No. 271,149 of Lucy Jane Caples now Carpenter Mother of Loron Caples late of Co. H 147" Regt, N.Y. Vols and State what further Evidence if any is needed to Complete it.
            Respectfully yours,
                  John O'Brien
                        Atty in Claim(19)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., January 12, 1886
    Sir:
         Please return this letter with the names and addresses of a few persons from whom this office Can obtain reliable information relative to the Celibacy of Loren Capels late of Co. "D," 147" New York Vols.
    For use in Mother's Claim No. 270, 990.
                   Very Respectfully
                        [?] E. McLean
                       Acting Commissioner
    Postmaster
    Mallory, New York(20)
    In reply, on the reverse, but not signed:
    I would refer you to
    John Fidler
    [David or Danil] Bowe
    Mm Shroder
    Geo Robison
    H. B. Hoyt
    Chas Mallory
    E.W. Burgen
    Wm Burgen(21)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., February 18, 1886
    Sir:
         Please return this letter with Such information as you possess stating whether Loren Caples, late of Co. "D" 147" N.Y. Vols. was a single man at the date of his death in 1876.
    For use in Mother's Claim for Pension No. 270, 990.
                     Very Respectfully
                           /s/ John C. Black
                           Commissioner

    E. W. Burgen, Esq.
    Mallory, New York(22)
    In reply, from E. W. Burgen, Esq., March 12, 1886:
         Sir would say in reply that Loren Caples was a married man when he enlisted when he came home he did not live with his wife again she soon commenced to live with another man after that Caples married or lived with another woman but I do not knwo whether they were married or not I have made some enquiries have been told that he never got a divorce from first wife
                  Yours with Respect
                       /s/ E.W. Burgen
                             Mallory, N.Y.(23)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., April 20, 1886
    Sir:
         Please return this letter with your statement as to the present post office address of the wife of Loren Caples, late of Co. "D" 147" New York Vols.
    For use in Mother's Claim for Pension No. 270, 990.
               Very Respectfully
                     /s/ John C. Black
                     Commissioner
    E. W. Burgen, Esq.
    Mallory, New York(24)
    In reply, from E. W. Burgen, Esq., Mallory, June 1, 1886:
    Sir
         in answer to your letter would say that his last wife is dead died some time I think in March last but her post-office address I dont know she lived some where in Michigan you could find out by her father John Fidler
    Mallory Ny
             /s/ E.W. Burgen(25)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., July 13, 1886:
    Sir:
          Please return this letter with your Statement as to the date of death of the wife of Loren Caples, late of Co. "D" 147" New York Vols.
    For use in Mother's Claim for Pension
    No. 270, 990
               Very Respectfully
                    /s/ John C. Black
                    Commissioner (26)
    John Fidler
    Mallory, New York
    In reply at the bottom of the same letter from John Fidler, not dated:
    Mrs. Caples is not dead She is living, here at west Monroe
             /s/ J. D. Fidler(27)
    On August 13, 1886, John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego County, N.Y., sent the following note to the Commissioner of Pensions:
    Please Correct an Error in the Declaration when it States that the Soldier died August 10/1869 it Should be August 10th, 1876.(28)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., August 7, 1886:
    Sir:
         You will please inform this Office, BY INDORSEMENT ON THE BACK OF THIS LETTER, as to the standing in the community, and the general reputation for truth of John Fidler, last known residence and post office address is Mallory, Oswego County, New York, affiant in Original pension claim of Lucy J. Caples, Mother of Loren Caples, of Co. D, 147" Reg't, New York Vols., Claimants, last known residence Mallory, New York Central Square, N.Y.
         Basis of claim: Dependence.;
    also state affiant's means of knowledge of facts testified to. This affiant certifies to the fact that the soldier died leaving a widow Surviving him. As certain whether Said widow is the legal widow of soldier.
          Very respectfully,
                /s/ John C. Black
                         Commissioner
    To Aaron S. Coleman
          Chief of the Special Ex. Division(29)

    In reply on the reverse of the form, written in very small handwriting on a 1/4 fold of the page, is a response from H. B. Brown, Special Examiner:
                        Mallory, N.Y.
                        Jan 31/87
    Sir: The general reputation for truth of the within named affiant is good. Standing in the community fair.
         Means of knowledge, Lived near neighbor in fact at [?] a house to live in; Says [client? claimant?] was never dependent on son; Soldier married a Diantha Ostrander about the time he enlisted; lived with her a short time after he came home and then they parted; Soldier afterwards lived with affiant's daughter as man and wife but affiant does not think they were ever married, and said daughter is dead; never knew or heard that Soldier and Diantha his wife were ever divorced; thinks Soldier died of some fever; said wife of soldier is supposed to be living in adultery with a man named Ingersen.
                                Very respectfully
                                /s/ H B Brown
                               Special Exam
    See Criminal Report of even [?] and dau
                                                          HBB(30)
    Index to Special Examiner's Report:
    p. 1, Index
    pp. 2-4, Summary
    A. pp. 5-6, John Fidler, 69, Mallory, NY, January 31, 1887
    B. pp. 7-8, Jennie Fidler, 38, Mallory, NY, January 31, 1887
    C. pp. 9-12 Diantha M. Ingison/Ingereson, 42, West Monroe, NY, January 31, 1887
    Entirely in his handwriting, Special Examiner H. B. Brown provided the following summary:
                   Criminal.
    Claim for Dependent Mother's Pension. NO. 270 990
                   of
    Lucy J. Caples, Mother of Loren Caples. Co. D. 147 N.Y. Vols.
                   P.O. Address
    Central Square, Oswego Co., New York.
                   Summary.
    Hm. Commissioner of Pensions,
                  Washington, D.C.

    Sir:
         The above-titled claim has been partially investigated by me, on accounts of facts brought out while making a credibility inquiry regarding the said claim, and I beg leave to submit this report as tending to show that client has been guilty of criminal practice in prosecuting her said claim.
         Diantha Ingison, nee Ostrander testified that she was married to the soldier, Loren Caples the same year he enlisted, by Luna Thayer, J.P. of Parish, N.Y. now dec--? that neither she nor her husband were ever divorced from each other; that client has known of her whereabouts ever since the war; that she was married to Albert Ingison, twenty years ago last Dec. (1866). but positively refused to tell by what J.P. as tending to criminate her.
         The soldier did not die till some years after her remarriage or pretended remarriage as the case may be, and therefore her marriage [o--?] was void ab initio, and she is still legally the widow of the soldier although she may have committed bigamy, or open and notoriously adultery, either of which would estopp her from the pension but she has never applied and disclaimed all intention of so doing.
         Not having the papers in the case I do not know whether or not client has alleged subsequent remarriage, but thought it best to show that she had remarried, as I could do so without additional expense, although I did not think it best at this stage of the investigation to take the time to get the necessary legal proof of any of the marriage mentioned as I supposed from the testimony I have filed that the case would be drawn out and a thorough examination ordered with a view to a criminal prosecution. For this same reason I did not see client and made but little stir about the case.
         From all the testimony in the case, I am of the opinion that claimant is pushing a claim which she knows to be fraudulent and would recommend that the case be specially examined with a view to a criminal prosecution.
                     Very respectfully,
                           /s/ H. B. Brown
                           Special Examiner(31)

    Watertown, N.Y.
            Jan 31/87.
    Deposition A. On January 31, 1887, John Fidler, of Mallory, NY, Oswego County, provided the following deposition to Special Examiner H.B. Brown; he listed his character as "Reliable":
    I am 69 years old farmer and Cooper, residence & P.O. as above. I have known Lucy J. Caples for at least 50 years, and knew Loren Caples her son all his life. He worked some at coopering before he went into the army.
    He married Diantha Ostrander about the time he went with the army and lived with her a short time after he came home from the army and then they separated. His said wife is still living at West Monroe, N.Y. I have heard that she married a man named Alfred Ingison a good many years ago and I know that they have lived together as man and wife ever since and raised up a family, but I dont know myself whether they were married or not as I didnt see the ceremony. There is a difference of opinion among the people here as to whether they were ever married or not some thinking they were and others not.
    Loren Caples died some 12 years ago I should think it was: think he died of some fever although he had complained of lameness and soreness through his chest ever [even?] after his return from the army.
         Mrs. Lucy Caples was married to a man named William Carpenter about the same time I was, which was Feb 6/82. I didn't see them married but it was generally known that the [sic] were and they lived together as man and wife till he died some few months ago.
          Loren Caples lived for a time with my daughter, Catherine as man and wife, after his return from the army but I dont think they were ever married. I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                      /s/ John Fidler(32)
    Deposition B. On January 31, 1887, Jennie Fidler, of Mallory, NY, Oswego County, provided the following deposition to Special Examiner H.B. Brown; he listed her character as "Reliable":
    I am 38 years old wife of John Fidler, residence & P.O. Mallory, N.Y. I never knew Loren Caples as he died before I moved to this part of the county. I knew Catherine Fidler, the daughter of my husband by a former wife. She is dead. About 6 years ago I had a conversation with her in relation to Pensions matters. She asked me if a woman could get a pension on the death of a soldier if she was not married to him, and I told her no, and asked her why she asked me such a question and she said she didn't know but that she could get a pension on account of Loren Caples, a she had lived with him as his wife but was never married to him. That was the first I knew that they were not married, as I had always supposed they were had been.
         Mrs. Pra[?]elin Vinny Sr. now in Syracuse told me that Loren Caples had married her sister Diantha Ostrander and that they were never divorced. She told me this last summer.
         Mrs. Lucy J. Caples married a married named [sic] William Carpenter here in this place some 4 or 5 years ago and lived with him up to some 3 or 4 months ago when he died very suddenly. They were married by Elder [King?] Pastor of Methodist E. Church of this place but he is not here now. I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded.
                                    /s/ Jennie Fidler(33)
    Deposition C. On January 31, 1887, Diantha M. Ingison, West Monroe, NY, Oswego County, provided the following deposition to Special Examiner H.B. Brown; he listed her character as "Reliable":
    I am 42 years old, married woman, residence & P.O. West Monroe, N.Y. My maiden name was Diantha Ostrander. I have lived in West Monroe 10 or 12 years and before that at Hastings Center, this County. I was married to Loren Caples during the war but I cant tell the exact date, although I think it was the 14" of July of the same year he enlisted in the army. He had enlisted before we were married and he went right away after we were married , into the army, and I think he went into the 147" N.Y. Vols. I had never been married before my marriage to him, and I never knew that he had been married before. We were married at Parish, N.Y. by Luna Thayer, a Justice of the Peace, but he is now dead. I had a certificate but it disappeared one day and I always thought that some one of the family took it. Neither myself nor husband were ever divorced from each other. After his return from the army, Loren Caples lived with me some 2 months and he then left me, but we both resided here in neighboring places till he died. We each of us knew the whereabouts of each other all the time up to his death. I don not know the cause of his death. I have never applied for pension and I never received but $14 when he first enlisted and none of his wages or bounty after that, but I have understood that his mother got it all. We never had any legal separation but I simply told him if he could not take care of me I would take care of myself and I went out to work and did take care of myself. I was married to Alfred Ingison twenty years ago last December at Brewerton, N.Y. by a Justice of the Peace, but I prefer and in fact to refuse to give the name of the name of the Justice as Mrs. Lucy J. Caples has threatened to prosecute me if she can learn by whom I was married as I have been informed. I have never applied for pension and never shall for I know that I am not entitled as I have remarried. Mrs. Lucy Caples I have understood was married to a man named William Carpenter some years since but he is now dead. She has known of my whereabouts ever since the war.
          I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answer [sic] to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                    /s/ Diantha M. Ingereson [she signed her name in several places as Ingereson](34)
    In a typewritten, double-spaced letter from T. J. Shannon, Sup'g Examiner Hudson District, Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, Watertown, N.Y., on February 10, 1887:
    Sir:
         Find herewith forwarded to you the papers in claim, No. 270,990, of Lucy Jane Caples, mother of Loren Caples, Corporal of Co " D " 147th N. Y. Vols, together with your preliminary report relative to the same, dated January 31, 1887, for a thorough and exhaustive special examination upon the points brought to light by you.
                    Very respectfully,
                           /s/ T. J. Shannon
                                  Sup'g Examiner Hudson Dist.(35)
    Written in nearly calligraphic handwriting:
                             Feb. 10, 1887
    Mr. H. B. Brown,
         x x x
         Find herewith forwarded to you the papers in #270,990 of Lucy Jane Caples
         Corp D-147-N.Y. Vols., together with your preliminary report relative to the same, dated Jan. 31, 87, for a thorough and exhaustive special examination upon the points brought to light by you.
    x x Sup'g Examiner, Hud. Dist.(36)
    The same calligraphic script filled in only a few of the blanks of Form 3-441, which seems to be a summary or index of key references to documentation and the dates filed.


    On a 1-cent post card to H. B.Brown, Watertown, N.Y., U.S. Pension Office, postmarked March 2, 1887, was the following handwritten message from James Edward E. Blinn, dated March 1, 1887:
    March 1st 28 Fitch Street Syracuse N.Y.
    H. B. Brown [D Exn?] Sir of L. Stevens my Father in Law Kept in a Book the names & the date of marriages of all he performed while in office. We have the Book, it is packed away with other things in our House in Brewerton. To give you the information you wish I should have to go to B--- cost RR fares 1.00 tome 1.00. Will attend to the matter if you send $2.00~
          James Edward E. Blimm(37)
    Index to Special Examiner's Report:
    p 1, Index
    pp 2-7, Summary
    A. pp 8-9, Elmira Vinney, 50, Syracuse, NY, February 26, 1887
    B. pp 10-12, Diantha M. Ingereson, 42, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
    C. pp 13-14, Alfred D. Ingison, 42, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
    D. pp 15-18, Lovina Fiddler, 38, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
    E. pp 19-20, Adelia Fiddler, 54, Mallory, NY, March 3, 1887
    F. pp 21-22, Lunia Russell, 50, Syracuse, NY, March 4, 1887
    Exhibit G. p 23, Divorce Record, none found
    Entirely in his handwriting, Special Examiner H. B. Brown provided the following summary:
                    Criminal.
    Claim for Dependent Mother's Pension. NO. 270 990
                    of
    Lucy Jane Caples, Mother of Loren Caples. Corp. of Co. D. 147" N.Y. Vols.
                    P.O. Address
    Central Square, Oswego Co., New York.
                   Summary.
    Honorable Commissioner of Pensions,
                  Washington, D.C.

    Sir:
         In the above-entitled case referred to me for special examination as to criminal facts connected therewith, I beg leave to report as follows.
    The claimant, Lucy Jane Caples, mother of the soldier was married to the father of the soldier, as alleged, about 1835, and lived with him up to about 1861, as his wife, and bearing his several children among whom was the soldier, Loren Caples: said husband Wm Caples abandoned the claimant about 1861, and never lived with her after that and finally died in the Onondaga Co. Almshouse July 10" 1861 of old age. Claimant married Wm Carpenter Feb 11" 1882, and he has since died (certificate of this marriage was shown Examiner)
    In her Declaration filed June 20/80 claimant alleges that the Soldier died unmarried, leaving no widow nor child him. She repeats this assertion in her Deposition Dep. A. made before me, Mar. 2d/87. According to the evidence in the case, the soldier married Diantha Ostrander sometime about July 1862, and said Diantha Caples , nee Ostrander is still living, and was never divorced from said Loren Caples, the soldier. The said wife of the soldier acknowledges that she married a man named Alfred Ingison, Dec. 31st 1866, while her legal husband Caples was still living as he did not died til 1876. But said marriage was void ab initio and the said Diantha M. Caples, nee Ostrander, who now calls herself Diantha M. Ingison is the legal widow of the Soldier. Record of the marriage to the soldier was not made in the docket of Luna Thayer J.P. of Parish, N.Y. as I searched it very carefully myself, nor did he leave any record book of marriage, he being dead but all his effects being now in the custody of his son in Parish, N.Y. The legal widow alleges that her certificate of marriage was taken from her house by one person unknown, but the marriage is clearly proven by claimant's own daughter, Lavina Fiddler Dep. D, who was present at the ceremony, and has frequently seen the certificate, by Elmina Vinney, Dep. A, who has frequently seen the certificate and who was told by the widow that she was married by Lunia Russell Dep. F, another daughter of claimant, who testifies that the Soldier and his said wife stopped at her house after his return from the army and slept together at her brother's, and it was generally known that they were married by Alfred Ingison, who married the said soldier's legal wife in 1866 knowing at the time that she was the Soldier's wife.
    Did claimant know that the soldier was married? The widow of the soldier testifies that she has been threatened by claimant with prosecution if she did anything to stop her from getting her pension, and Lavina Fiddler testifies that the soldier and his wife staid [sic] at her mother's after they were married both before and after he was in the army. It was currently reported about town and claimant herself acknowledges that was told that they were married and narrates conversations with the wife which go far to show that she knew it, and it fact [sic], it could hardly be believed that all the family would know it for a fact and receive them as man and wife, and the mother be ignorant of it. I feel perfectly sure that she did know it at the time and that the story given of the death-bed conversation was slightly stretched.
    The marriage of the wife to Ingison was no doubt performed by John L. Stevens, J.P., now died, of Brewerton as he was only J.P. there at the date and for some 40 years continuously. His record book of marriages, however is in the possession of Edward E. Blinn of Brewerton but who is now stopping at Syracuse and he declines to go to Brewerton to get the book without being paid for his trouble. (See Postal Card in Jacket) I cannot see, however, that the record of that marriage is essential in any way. From all the evidence in the case, I am of the opinion that the claim is fraudulent and fully known to be so by claimant. Her Declaration was filed more than 3 years ago, and there is but one affidavit filed in the case within the statute of limitations but it seems to me that as that affidavit was filed in support of a claim which claimant knew (as I believe) to be fraudulent she clearly is amenable, and certainly if she knew it, her Deposition to me is perjury.
    I have endeavored to show the facts in the case and, as I believe, they clearly prove fraud or an attempt at fraud, and I can but recommend prosecution if the position as to the statute of limitations is tenable.
                                              Very respectfully,
                                              /s/ H. B. Brown
                                                        Special Examiner(38)
    Watertown,N.Y.
          Mar 7/87
    Deposition A. On February 26, 1887, Elmina Vinney provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Syracuse, Onondaga County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Reliable":
    I am 50 years old, Housekeeper, residence & P.O. 381 No Salina St, Syracuse, N.Y. I am sister of Diantha Ingison, who was the wife of Loren Caples. My maiden name was Elmina Ostrander. I know my sister Diantha, who now lives in West Monroe, was married to Loren Caples sometime in 1862 but cant give the exact date. I know this from my daughter's age for she will be 25 next April, and she was born the same year they were married but I cant say wether [sic] just before or just after. I know they were married because I have seen their certificate and my sister Diantha told me that she destroyed the certificate after she commenced living with the man with whom she now lives. I do not know whether Diantha is married to Alfred Ingison or not but she has lived with him for 20 years at least as man and wife. I was not present at the marriage of Diantha with Loren Caples, but I think Lavina Fidler, widow of Sylvester Fidler of West Monroe, N.Y. was with her at the ceremony. I think Luna Thayer of Parrish married them. Caples lived with her some few months before he went into the army and after he came home, he also came to my house with her and they lived together for some time by finally separated, but I think that she left him because he was ugly to her.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition. I dont know the cause of Loren Caples death. Never knew or heard that either Loren or Diantha were divorced from each other.

                                                /s/ Elmina Vineny
    [Compiler's note: her signature is probably the correct presentation of her married name](39)
    Deposition B. On March 3, 1887, Diantha M. Ingison provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in West Monroe, Oswego, County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Doubtful":
    I am 42 years old, Housekeeper, residence & P.O. West Monroe, N.Y. My maiden name was Diantha Ostrander. I was married to Loren Caples, son of Lucy Jane Caples now Carpenter at Parish, N.Y. about July '4/62 which was the year that he enlisted in the army. We lived together and slept together at his mother Lucy Jane Caples after we were married part of the time and part of the time at John Fidler's but generally we staid nights at his mothers. He went into the army soon after were married and one day John Fiddler and Lucy Jane Caples and myself went to Oswego to see him while he was in the army and he came to the Hotel and staid all night with me, and next day we all went to camp and staid all day. I had a certificate of my marriage to Caples but it disappeared and I have heard that last summer Mrs. Sylvester Fiddler had the certificate at her house. I was married by Luna Thayer, J.P. Loren Caples sister Lavina Fiddler, now widow of Sylvester Fiddler was present at the wedding and staid up with us.
    After my husband Loren Caples returned from the army we lived together at different places: part of the time at his mother's, part of the time at Henry Russell's now of Syracuse, N.Y., part of the time at Lester Caples, now of Syracuse, who was brother, and they all knew that we were married.
    I left him, Caples, several months after he came home from the army but cant say just how long after we parted he lived with Catherine Fiddler when I have understood was dead but I have no knowledge as to whether they were ever married or not.
    I married Alfred Ingison my present husband twenty years ago the 31st of last Dec. at Brewerton, N.Y. but I refuse to tell by whom as it would tend to criminate me and I have been threatened by with Prosecution by Mrs. Lucy Jane Caples if I did anything to stop her from getting a Pension. There was no certificate given and no record made of the marriage as we requested the Justice of the Peace not to make any. Loren Caples did not die for some years after my marriage to Ingison but I cant give the exact date of his death nor the cause of it.
    I dont remember but one conversation I ever had with Mrs. Lucy Jane Caples as to my relations with Loren. She asked me once why I didn't call her mother and I said "I have only one mother and that is my own mother["].
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to the mare correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                         /s/ Diantha M. Ingison(40)
    Deposition C. On March 3, 1887, Alfred D. Ingison provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in West Monroe, Oswego, County, NY; Mr. Brown listed his character on his Report Index as "Doubtful":
    I am 42 years old, farmer residence & P.O. as above. I am the husband of Diantha Caples, whose maiden name was Diantha Ostrander. I married her 20 years ago last Dec. 31st but I refuse to tell where or by whom I was married to her. She had been married to Loren Caples, son of Lucy Jane Caples, or supposed to be. She is now Lucy Jane Carpenter, or so reported.
    I never knew or heard that Loren Caples was divorced from my wife or she from him. We have lived together as man and wife ever since our marriage to each other and have raised a family of children.
    I knew that she was the wife of Caples at the time I married her but they had separated and he was doing nothing for her support whatever.
    He died some 8 or 10 years after our marriage but I do not know the cause of his death, nor whether it was in any way due to his army service.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                          /s/ Alfred D. Ingison(41)
    Deposition D. On March 3, 1887, Lovina Fiddler [sic] provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in West Monroe, Oswego, County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Fair to Good":
    I am 38 years old Housekeeper residence as above and P.O. Little France, N.Y. I am the daughter of Lucy Jane Caples now Carpenter. My father was William Caples and he abandoned his family from the war but I cant give exact date, and never lived with them after that. My brother Loren Caples who was a soldier in the late war, but I dont remember his Co & Regt. was married to Diantha Ostrander the same year he enlisted and soon after he enlisted by Luna Thayer a Justice of the Peace of Parish, N.Y. I was present at the ceremony and saw them married and saw him give them a certificate. I have had the certificate in my hands since then but never to keep it. It is not here and I dont know where it is. After they were married they staid for a time, 2 or 3 weeks, I think at Mother's and around [there?] and then Loren went to the army. When he came home, he found that his wife, Diantha, was staying at her mother's near Hastings Center and that a fellow named Charles Mallory was visiting her and he took a gun and went there and found him there and tried to make her go home with him and offered to keep house if she would but she declined saying "Where would my clothes come from," and so he left her and they never lived together after that but after some 2 or 3 years she began to live with Alfred Ingison as his wife as it was reported, and it was reported that they were married but I dont know whether they were or not. She has lived with him ever since and raised a family of children. Loren and his wife staid for a time at Syracuse with my brother Lester Caples, who now lives at Syracuse on this road to Geddes N.Y. on the road the stage runs to Geddes on.
    I dont know whether Mother knew that Loren was to be married before he was but after she knew it she did not say much against it till she Diantha [sic] began to go around with other men and Mother then thought that Loren ought not to try to live with her, and he didn't after he came home from the army.
    I know that at one time when Diantha and Ingison were living at George Owen's I lived right opposite and I saw Loren go there and call Diantha out and talk with her but I couldn't hear the conversation. I don't know whether he ever attempted to prevent her from living with Ingison. They [never? once?] stopped at my house after they, Loren and Diantha, were married although I was married at the time. I was married when Loren was a little over 14 years old.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                             /s/ Lovina Fidler(42)
    Deposition E. On March 3, 1887, Adelia Fiddler [sic] provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Mallory, Oswego, County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Fair to Good":
    I am 54 years old, Married woman, residence & P.O. as above. I have known Lucy Jane Caples, now Carpenter, for some 40 years and for the most part of the time have lived near neighbor to her. Her son Loren Caples lived with his mother up to about the time he enlisted in the army and at that time he married Diantha Ostrander or at least it was as reported and believed at the time by the whole neighborhood and Diantha herself told of it. He Loren went away shortly after they were married and I dont know that they ever staid together; after he came from the army he certainly did not live with her and shortly after she commenced living with Alfred Ingison and he commenced living with Catherine Fiddler as man and wife. I dont know that he was married to Diantha Ostrander but it was currently reported so, but there was never any report that he was married to Catherine Fiddler and I dont think he was.
    I talked with Mrs. Caples now Carpenter about his marriage to DianthaOstrander and she said he would never live with her but I dont know why not and dont remember that she ever said why. She and the Ostrander woman did not get along well together but she and the Fiddler woman did till just before Loren died when she did not think that she treated Loren right.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                               /s/ Adelia Fiddler(43)
    Deposition F. On March 4, 1887, Lunia Russell provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Syracuse, Onondaga County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Reliable":
    I am 50 years old Married Woman, residence & P.O. 347 1st North St. Syracuse, N.Y. I am the daughter of Wm & Lucy Jane Caples and the sister of Loren Caples, died, who was a soldier in the late war and who died in Aug 1876.
    Loren was married to Diantha Ostrander about the time he enlisted. I did not see them married but he told they were married and after he returned from the army, he and she, Diantha Ostrander, or Caples as I believed it to be came to my house here in Syracuse and staid with me for some 2 or 3 weeks at a time. I dont remember of their sleeping at our house but think they slept at my brothers who lived in the same yard with us. At that time we all supposed this to be man and wife, or they would not have been received at our house. I dont know whether they ever lived at Mother's after their marriage or not as I lived here. They were married about 2 weeks before he went into the army and they may have staid there then but I dont know it sure.
         He, Loren, lived for some time after his return from the army with Catherine Fiddler as man and wife and at that time I supposed or had heard that they were married. They slept one night at our house together, but I have heard since they were not married.
    I never knew or heard that either Loren or his wife Diantha were ever divorced from each other .
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                               /s/ Lunia Russell(44)
    Exhibit G.
    Oswego County Clerks Office    }
    Oswego City, NY                      }ss
         I, W. J. Pentilow Deputy County Clerk of Oswego County do Certify that I have looked, by means of the General Indexes kept in this Office and do not find any action having been commenced by Loren Caples or Diantha M. Caples or either of them for a divorce commencing with the year 1862 and down to and including the year 1876 and I certify that there is no record of any such proceeding in this office during the time above named.
    Dated Oswego City
    Feb. 25, 1887                           /s/ W. J. Pentilow, Dept. Clerk(45)
    Index to Special Examiner's Report: p 1, Index
    pp. 2-3, Summary
    A. pp 4-15, Claimant's Statement, Central Square, NY, March 2, 1887
    B. pp 16-17, H. R. Knapp, 49, Onondaga County, NY, February 25, 1887
    C. pp 18-19, Dr. N. W. Bates, 58, Central Square, NY, February 26, 1887
    D. pp 20-25, Adelia Fidler, 54, Mallory, NY, March 3, 1887
    Exhibit E. pp 26-27, Adelia Fidler, March 3, 1887
    F. pp 28-31, Lovina Fidler, 38, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
    G. pp 32-34, Diantha M. Ingison, 42, West Monroe, NY, March 3, 1887
    H. pp 35-36, Lunia Russell, 50, Syracuse, NY, March 4, 1887
    I. pp 37-38, Claimant's last statement, Central Square, March 3, 1887

    Summary. On March 7, 1887, Special Examiner H. B. Brown, of Watertown, N.Y., provided the following summary and findings, written entirely in his handwriting, to the Honorable Commissioner of Pensions in Washington, D.C., regarding the Claim for Dependent Mother's Pension. No 270 990 of Lucy Jane Caples (now Carpenter), mother of Loren Caples, Corp., Co D. 147 N.Y. Vol, Central Square, Oswego County, New York:
    Claim for Dependent Mother's Pension No 270 990
                   Of
    Lucy Jane Caples (now Carpenter) Mother of Loren Caples Corp. Co. D. 147" N.Y . Vols
                   P.O. Address.
    Central Square, Oswego County, New York
                  Summary,
    Hon. Commissioner of Pensions,
                  Washington, D.C.

    Sir:
         In the above entitled case referred to me for special examination as to the general merits I beg leave to return the papers and submit my report.
    Notice was not served upon claimant as it was thought that criminal facts were to be developed.
         Claimant alleges in her Declaration filed June 20/8[?] her son Loren Caples was a Corp of Co. D. 147th NY Vols was wounded at the battle of Gettysburg, Pa, in the right leg below the knee , and was also injured by reason of a fall. That he died at Mallory N.Y. by reason of the wound and injury Aug 10/69. (Slip[?] asked to correct date to Aug 10/76.) That she was wholly dependent upon said son, and that he died leaving no widow, nor children surviving him that her husband Wm Caples, the father of the soldier abandoned her support in 1862 and has never lived with her since that date.
    The testimony in the case shows contrary to these allegations, that the soldier left a widow surviving him from whom he was never divorced, nor she from him; that said widow is still living; that the mother knew of this marriage; that the soldier died of Phthisis Pulmonalis which (in my judgement) could not have been a result of a wound of right leg or rupture.
         [Note in left margin of above paragraph: "See [?] [?] Certificate & G. criminal [?] Report"]
    I am of the opinion that the claim is fraudulent and would recommend rejection for the reason claimant can not be entitled the soldier having left a widow surviving him and from the further reason that the disease of which he died was not a result of the wound and injury alleged.
         [Note in left margin of above paragraph: "Henry Russell could give no testimony declaring he knew nothing and I took his wife's testimony instead."]
    I did not consider it necessary to go any further into the case as clearly no one is entitled to pension on account of the soldier's death.
         [Note in left margin of above paragraph:] "Godfrey Fiddler [sic] a joint aff[?] with Adelia Fiddler is paralyzed and unable to give testimony. HHB"]
                                             Very respectfully,
                                                    /s/ H.B. Brown
                                                          Special Examiner(46)
    Watertown, N.Y.
             Mar. 7"/87
    Deposition A. On March 2, 1887, Lucy Jane Carpenter provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Central Square, Oswego County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Doubtful":
    I am 69 years old, Tailoress, residence and P.O. as above. I am the mother of Loren Caples, died, who was a Corp. of Co H. 147" N.Y. Vols. during the late Rebellion and who died Aug. 10/76, aged 35 years 11 mos. and 28 days at Mallory, N.Y. at my house or a house that I rented, rather. I claim a pension on account of his death as he was my main support when he died. He died in consequence of a wound he received in his left leg at the battle of Gettysburg July 2/63. The ball struck the shin bone about half way between the knee and ankle and made a bad sore and when he came home it was full of gangrene. The ball worked down and I finally got it out near the ankle. The leg had maturated badly and he told me that he could feel a bunch in it and he thought it was a piece of bone. and I took a piece of wire made a loop in it and caught hold of the ball and drew it part way but nearly fainted and he then drew it out the rest of the way himself. and here it is. (showing a mini ball flattened on on[e] side.) This was about 3 years after he came out of the army. He came home after he was wounded. about Election time, on a furlough, staid his time out went to Oswego. N.Y. got it extended for another term, and, when that was up he went to Syracuse. intending to go to his Regt. but slipped from the cars hurt his leg. and Dr Didomer of Syracuse did his leg up at that time and he was then sent to St. Mary's Hosp. Rochester. N.Y. I don't know how long he staid there I now think he had the furlough extended twice at Oswego before he went to Syracuse. and he remained about home till the war was over and never went back to his Regt. I never knew or heard that he was called a deserter. as he was unable to get back. When he came home he was suffering from Chronic Diarrhea. & Kidney Complaint, as I supposed till after he was dead and then those that laid him out told me he had a bad breach but I never knew it before that, but I had to make him some little sacks to hold up his privates because they pained him so, but I supposed that was owing to kidney trouble a the time. The Diarrhea and trouble with urinating continued up to his death. His leg run all the time for 3 years after he came home from the army until I got the ball out, and in about another year it healed up, but in 3 or 4 weeks it broke out again and then I would heal it up, and it kept breaking out every 2 or 3 months in the summer. In the winter he didn't try to work so much and it didn't break out so much. I was a nurse and doctored a good deal in the neighborhood, many preferring me to a regular doctor and I thought I could as well by him as anyone.
    1. Did he have any cough at any time?
    A. Yes sir. when he came home from the Hosp at Rochester, he commenced to cough and had severe pains in his chest and over his lungs.
    2. Did he ever have any hemorrhages?
    A. Oh, yes. about a year and a half before he died, he had quite a good many and threw out large quantities of blood and corruption. He had this at first about once a week and then they increased till he would have several in a week.
    3. What was the immediate cause of his death?
    A. He had had bad hemorrhages, and the day before he died he went to the Privy and voided quantities of blood and corruption and blood mingled with his urine. He was taken speechless and I could not get him into the house but in the morning I got help and the next day he died.
    4. What was the condition of his leg at the time of his death?
    A. I had just got it healed up and it was about breaking out again.
    5. Did you call Dr. Bates attention to his leg when he visited him?
    A. No, I didn't think about it as he was so very sick.
    6. Had he had any other medical treatment save Dr. Didomer and Dr. Bates.
    A. Dr. Greenleaf of Brewerton healed him for what I thought was kidney complaint 2 visits about 1868 but I cant give dates.
    7. Did your son have any other disease after his return from the army save what you have mentioned?
    A. Not that I know of.
    8. Did he ever have any cough or any disease or any disease of heart throat or lungs before he went into the army?
    A. No sir.
    9. Did you ever know or hear of his having any venereal disease at any time?
    A. No, sir.
    10. Did he ever have a physician prior to his going into the army?
    A. No sir. I always doctored him for his little ailments but he never had any serious or [settled?] ailment nor did he have any [humor?] but his blood was good.
    11. When where and by whom were you to his father?
    A. I was married to William Caples his father by Wm Ford, J.P. at Hastings Center, N.Y. about 1835. had no certificate for they didn't give them in those days. I don't think he has any relatives now living in the neighborhood or in fact any where.
    12. How long did you live with said Caples and when?
    A. I lived with him till my youngest son, Leroy, was 8 years old (1861) and he then deserted his family and me and he went to Columbia, Herkimer Co. this State to his brother's visiting and then came back to West Monroe and staid a while [and?] then went visiting back and forth among his relatives. I was living at Mallory where he moved me to. We had been living at Mallory for 1 year and West Monroe for 10 years before that. Since then he has never done anything towards my support and refused to buy a pair of shoes for Leroy when he asked him to.
    13. What excuse did he make for leaving you?
    A. Nothing only because I wouldn't support him by my labor.
    14. Did you have any property real or personal when he left you?
    A. No, sir.
    15. Have you ever possessed any property in your own name either personal or real. bonds, stocks notes mortgages money at interest &c?
    A. Nothing till since my second husbands death. I now own this little place worth about $300, which came to me from Mr. Carpenter.
    16. Is your first husband Wm Caples alive?
    A. No sir. He died in the Onondaga Co. Almshouse, July 10/81.
    17. When where and by whom were you married to Wm Carpenter?
    A. I was married Feb. 11/82 by D. D. Owen, Pastor of Central Sqr. Baptist Church, at West Monroe, N.Y. (Certificate shown Examiner.)
    18. Had you ever married or lived with any man as his wife between the years 1861 and 1882?
    A. No, sir.
    19. Where did you live from 1861 till 1876?
    A. In Mallory N.Y. near John Fidler's.
    20. In what way did Loren Caples contribute to your support?
    A. He sent gave me $20 out of his bounty money when he enlisted, sent me $5 at one time from the army, $2 at another, $5 at another time. As soon as he got able to work, coopering, he sent me money at different times $2 sometimes $3 sometimes and sometimes only $1 and he was constantly sending me small sums as he was able.
    21. Where was he living when he first came home from the army or furlough?
    A. With me at Mallory, N.Y.
    22. Who else was living with you at the time?
    A. My mother, Elizabeth A. [looks like Levurn, but is probably Lower ], died, and no one else.
    23. Was your son, Loren Caples, ever married, or did he leave any child or children under 16 years of age at his death?
    A. About 4 days before he died, he told me this: "Mother you have one thing to comfort you. I was never married and have no children to leave and I shan't be with you long." I know they, the people have said he was married but he never was and I know he left no children at his death.
    24. Then you have heard it reported that he was married?
    A. Yes. I have heard it but I know it was not so. for he never lived with any woman.
    25. To whom was it said that he was married?
    A. To Diantha Ostrander, who afterwards married a man named Alfred Ingerson I think.
    26. How soon after his return from the army did this woman marry Ingerson?
    A. I think it was the next Spring after.
    27. Did your son, Loren, ever wait upon this woman?
    A. They rode out once, before he went into the army, and when she came home she told the Fidler girls that they were married, and they came over and told me of it and I told them I did not believe it, and Loren told me at that time that it was not so.
    28. Did he not live. with this Ostrander woman for several months before he went into the army as man and wife?
    A. No sir. He never saw her till after he had enlisted and he then took her this one night to ride and then he went to Oswego the next day, to his command.
    29. Did he not live with her after he came home from the army for some months as man and wife?
    A. I think not; if they did I did not know it. Loren was staying with my daughter and her husband, Henry F. Russell, a letter carrier in Syracuse, N.Y. and Diantha Ostrander went there to see him and I don't know what took place there but I believe what my son told me on his death-bed and I don't believe he was ever married.
    20. Did he not for a time live with the daughter of John Fidler as his wife?
    A. He hired her to do his work for him for a time. and when he told me to let her have his stove and chairs & all furniture and cooper tools as he had not paid her for doing his work.
    21. Where was he living when he hired her to do his work?
    A. At Syracuse, N.Y. They lived there about a year I think.
    22. When he was living with her did he do anything towards your support?
    A. Yes sir. he sent me small sums as I have stated.
    23. Was your husband able to support you had he so desired?
    A. Yes, sir. He was a good shoe maker and could have earned a good support for his family had he been so disposed. He was a constant tippler.
    24. Did you ever have any talk with Diantha Ostrander as to whether or not she was ever married to your son, Loren?
    A. Yes sir. I talked with her about it while he was in the army. She said she wasn't then but should be if he came home alive. I said, "Well, then you'll have to take care of me." and she said she should take care of all her mothers. I said to her, at another time. "Mrs. Caples, why don't you call me mother if you are married to my son"? and she said "It is time enough to call you Mother when you be my mother, and you are not my mother yet."
    25. Is there any one now living by whom you can prove your marriage to Wm Caples?
    A. Mrs. Mary Ann Chappell, widow of Daniel Chappell, of Hastings, near Daniel Mitchell's was present at the wedding.
    26. Is there any one by whom you can prove the birth of Loren Caples?
    A. No sir. He was born in Columbia, Herkimer Co. The Dr. and his wife are both dead.
    27. Who knows of your son's contributions to your support?
    A. The Jackson's & Fiddlers who have already testified.
    28. Do you desire to be present at the examination as it is your right to be.
    A. No sir. I can not be present.
    29. Do you thoroughly understand these questions asked you and are your answers to them correctly recorded in this Deposition?
    A. Yes sir both.
                                            /s/ Lucy Jane Carpenter (47)
    Deposition B. On February 25, 1887, H. R. Knapp provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Onondaga, Onondaga County, NY; Mr. Brown listed his character on his Report Index as "Excellent:"
    I am 49 years old. Keeper of the Onondaga Co. Almshouse & Asylum. residence & P.O. as above. I find by the records of this institution that William Caples entered here July 4/81. remained here till July 10/81 when he died. I was not here at that time and did not know him. There is no record as to the disease from which he died. He was chargeable to the Town of Geddes, N.Y. and cause of his being sent is old age. his age being given as 73. In his description he is also entered as married.
    I have no records or books here that show who was Physician here in 1881 [sic]. and I have no knowledge as to who was, but I think it was Dr. H. B. Wright of Skaneateles, N.Y.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answer to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                           /s/ H. R. Knapp(48)
    Deposition C. On February 26, 1887, Dr. N. W. Bates provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Central Square, Oswego County, NY; Mr. Brown listed his reputation on his Report Index as "Good":
    I am 58 years old. Practicing Physician, residence & P.O. as above. I treated Loren Caples son of Lucy J. Caples, now Carpenter, on the 6", 8" & 9" of Aug 1876, for Phthisis Pulmonatis [Tuberculosis of the lungs] as I now remember it, and I feel confident that this was his last illness and that he died within a day or two of my last vis. His illness when I first saw him on the 6" of Aug was so well-developed that I gave them no hope of his recovery. I think he had had [sic] hemorrhages and that his mother told me so but he had none in my presence. I cannot now remember whether one or both lungs were affected. I examined him by auscultation and percussion but don't think I used the Stethoscope. I have no record of any other treatments of him, and have no recollections of having treated him at any time for any disease of leg, or sore on leg. I think there was some talk that there had been a sore on his leg at some time, but I don't think my attention was called to it at that time and I don't know whether or not he had any sore upon his leg at that time or any other time. I have never known or heard that he ever had any venereal disease, and I know nothing as to the cause of the Phthisis. He was on the Town of Hastings at the time of his death and my visits were charged to the town. I cannot state whether or not Phthisis was in any way connected with any wound of either leg which he may have received, but if there had been a running sore it might have debilitated the system and hastened a dormant tubercular deposit but this is only theory as I don't know that he had any wound of leg. I don't know whether I made a [f--lic?] [return?] of his death as at that time we were not required to. I don't remember that I ever treated him for anything save as stated above.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                         /s/ N. W. Bates(49)
    Deposition D. On March 3, 1887, Adelia Fiddler [sic] provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Mallory, Oswego County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Fair to Good":
    I am 54 years old married woman, residence & P.O. as above. I have known Lucy Jane Caples ever since I was a little girl and since several years before the war she has lived right here in the neighborhood till within 2 or 3 years when she moved to Central Square. She married a man named Wm Carpenter about 3 years ago. Her former husband's name was Wm Caples, and she had she had a son named Loren Caples who was in the army but I dont know in what Co. or Regt. At [aid?] prior to his enlistment in the army he was a stout rugged boy for that I know or ever heard. He came home, while the war was going on, on a furlough. He had been wounded in his leg. can't tell which one, below the knee. I never saw the wound and don't know whether it was a running sore or not. He was quite lame when he came home and went on crutches for about a year I think after he came home, and always after that he limped a little. I heard that he was breached at some time after he came home but never learned when he encurred it or whether in the army or not. Didn't learn of this till about the time he died. I learned this from his mother and after his death she told me that it was the breach that troubled him when he used to come home from the city Syracuse [sic] and she doctored him. I never knew or heard that he had any private disease. It seems to me I have heard his mother say that his kidneys troubled him but I don't know that I ever heard that he had Diarrhea. He had a bad dry hacking cough during the last 2 years of his life but I never knew of his having any hemorrhages. William Caples the father of Loren left his family before the war some years but I can't tell just what year and never lived with them after that, and Mrs. Caples took care of her family as well as she could. I have seen Loren carry provisions to his mother and have heard his mother say that he sent her money when he was in the army, but I was not present when the money came, and [not?] knows she got it because she said so. After his return from the army his mother told me that Loren gave her money to help support & if it was not for him she didn't know what she would do. I didn't see him give her any money, but did see him carrying provisions to his mother. He worked some times a few days at a time and was then laid up as long or longer. She never had any property of any kind real or personal except some little household furniture.
    Loren Caples her son was married to John Fiddler's daughter Catherine. I don't know that they were married but they lived together as man and wife right down here below us, for some 2 or 3 years and some 3 or 4 years at Syracuse, N.Y. He was also married, as report says [sic] to Diantha Ostrander but they never lived together, and I don't know that they ever lived or staid together at all. It was generally understood by all about him that they were married although he went right off to the army after that and didn't live with her after he came home. I talked with his mother about his marriage to Diantha Ostrander and she told me they would never live together but did not tell me why. Mrs. Caples and the Fidler woman got along all right till a little while before he died and then she didn't think the woman treated Loren all right and it made some little trouble.
    Cross.
    1. In an affidavit made by you, you swore that Loren Caples died unmarried leaving no widow; while today you say that it was currently reported about here that he was married; how could you thus testify knowing this?
    A. I supposed that as his wife, Diantha was living with Alfred Ingison and Loren Caples was living with Catherine Fidler that he couldn't have left any widow surviving him, and I am positive he left no child or children. I don't think the affidavit was read over to me but it might have been Catherine Fidler had separation from him before his death sometime, and I therefore thought that he left no widow. The signature to the affidavit is genuine, I think.
    I thoroughly understood the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                        /s/ Adelia Fiddler(50)
    Exhibit E. In an undated (but date stamped by the U.S. Pension Office December 16, 1882) form entitled Proof of Dependence, filled in either by himself or someone else before Oswego County Notary Public W. N. Burgen, Gadfrey [sic] Fidler and Delia [sic] Fidler, ages respectively 60 and 50, whose P.O. address is Mallory, town of Hastings, Oswego County, N.Y., provided the following information:
    • they were acquainted with Lucy Jane Caples, now Carpenter, for 45 years;
    • that she was possessed of at the date of her remarriage February 11, 1882 Nothing but a little household furniture and a sewing machine, whose value was $50;
    • that she neither owned nor had in use any other property of any kind from which a revenue could be derived;
    • that she had no income save and except what may be earned by her own personal exertions;
    • that she was incapable of earning her own subsistence by reason of old age and it attendant infirmities;
    • William Caples abandoned the support of his family in 1862 and died on the 18th day of July A.D. 1880, at the Onondaga Co. Poor House, New York state;
    • That Said Soldier died at Mallory, Oswego Co., N.Y., on the 10th day of August 1876;
    • he worked as a cooper in his Cooper Shop in West Monroe and Contributed all he Could Spare out of his business to his mother's Support and that of his younger Brother and Sister;
    • have seen him give the Claimant money to buy Provisions with on many different Occasions;
    • he was her Main Dependence for Support and always resided with her Prior to Enlistment and after discharge till his Death;
    • that at the time of his Enlistment he gave his Mother 20 Dollars and he Sent money Several time during his Service Small amounts at a time;
    • That She Supported herself Since the Death of the Soldier to her remarriage by Dressmaking and making Clothing;
    • That they knew the Soldier from the time of his birth till his death.(51)
    Deposition F. On March 3, 1887, Lovina Fidler provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in West Monroe, Oswego County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Fair to Good":
    I am 38 years old. Housekeeper, residence 8 P.O. Little France, N. Y. I am the daughter of William and Lucy Jane Caples and brother [sic] of Loren Caples, died. My brother Loren was in the army during late was but I cant remember in what Co. or Rgt. My father abandoned my mother some time before the war but I cant give the exact date. He was unwilling to work to support his family and went off and left us and never lived with Mother after that.
    My brother Loren Caples was married to Diantha Ostrander the year that he enlisted (1862) and soon after he enlisted, by Luna Thayer a Justice of the Peace of Parish N.Y. I was with them when they were married. There were 2 young ladies present but I didn't know them. Mr. Thayer gave them a certificate and I have had the certificate in my hands since but never to keep. After they were married they went to Mother's for a little while but I think Diantha was working somewhere and I dont know whether or not they slept at mother's. I was living right near them at the time. I think he remained about home for some 2 weeks after he was married and then he joined his Regt. When he came home he did not live with her as, she was staying with a man named Charles Mallory at his fathers' When he returned from the army he was suffering with a terribly sore leg caused by a bullet wound The sore was on the shin bone about half way between the knee and ankle of the left leg. It run constantly for at least a year after he came home and I think it was another year before it healed up. After that time I never knew of its breaking out again. He had to go on crutches for the larger part of 2 years after he came home. I don't know whether or not the bullet had been taken out after he came home or after but I saw the bullet the same year he came home. Pieces of the bone of his leg came out while he was home. I never knew or heard of his having Diarrhea, Piles or a Rupture but do remember that his kidneys troubled him a good deal and that he had much trouble in urinating.
    I never knew of his having any hemorrhages and don't know what caused his death except that Dr. Bates said when he came to see him that he must have been injured in some way in the army. He was always lame after he came home even after the sore healed up. I was present when he died. He had wasted away was very thin. For almost a week before he died, he lay sort of speachless [sic] and didn't seem to realize anything seemed unconscious of all that was going on. I was there every day. I dont remember that he had any cough at any time.
    I have seen him frequently bring provisions to mother, but I never saw him give her any money. He made his home with her most of the time after his discharge; and she doctored him and took care of him. He lived at Salina N.Y. 4 or 5 years after his return for 4 or 5 years [sic] and Catherine Fiddler my husband's sister kept house for him, but I don't think they were married. I don't know whether he sent mother any money or provisions while he lived there or did anything towards her support.
    After that he came home and lived a year or so with mother before he died. After his death, I told her Catherine Fiddler if she would buy his coffin she could have all his furniture and his other affects and she took them and furnished the coffin.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                         /s/ Lovina Fidler (52)
    Deposition G. On March 3, 1887, Diantha M. Ingison provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in West Monroe, Oswego County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Doubtful":
    I am 42 years old wife of Alfred Ingison, residence and P.O. at above. I was the wife of Loren Caples son of Lucy Jane Caples, now Carpenter. I was married to him July '4/62 I think it was at Parish N.Y. by Luna Thayer J. P. He gave me a certificate but it has been destroyed or at least it has disappeared although I heard that Lavina Fiddler who is Mrs. Caples daughter had it last summer. I lived with Loren Caples for some months after he came home from the army but as he did nothing towards my support, we separated and I married Alfred Ingison 20 years ago last Dec. 31st. We never had any legal separation but I refused to live with Caples. When he came home from the army he had a very sore leg caused by a wound as he stated. I don't think the ball was still in the wound but he had feasters[?] on it that he obtained while in the army. I used to dress the wound myself occasionally. The wound run all the time I lived with him. He didn't complain of anything else after his return. I never knew that he had Chronic Diarrhea piles. Kidney Trouble. or anything. He certainly was not ruptured or breached when I lived with him either before or after his service in the army. I knew nothing of him after we separated and do not know what caused his death.
    I never knew of his having any venereal disease and am positive he did not while I lived with him.
    Mrs. Lucy Jane Caples knew that I was married to Loren for I had my certificate at her house and we slept together at her house and also at her son Lester's and her daughter Lavina Fiddler stood up with us when we were married.
    I left him simply because he did not support me.
    I never got any of his bounty and have never applied for pension and know that I am not entitled to it.
    There were no others went with me to the marriage, but there were others there but I did not know them.
    I at one time jokingly told Mrs. Lucy Jane Caples that if she would give me $50 I would sign off all claim to Loren's pension or to any pension on [his?] account. Loren had to go on crutches all the time I lived with him after his return from the army on account of the trouble with his legs.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them and correctly recorded in this Deposition.
    I have lived with Alfred Ingison ever since our marriage as his wife and have had several children by him.
    I never had any children by Loren Caples and I never knew of his having any by any one else.
                                      /s/ Diantha M. Ingison(53)
    Deposition H. On March 4, 1887, Lunia Russell provided the following deposition to H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, in Onondaga County, Syracuse, NY; Mr. Brown listed her character on his Report Index as "Reliable":
    I am 50 years old. Married woman residence 8 P.O. as above. I am the daughter of Wm & Lucy Jane Caples, now Carpenter, and the sister of Loren Caples, died, who was a soldier in the late war, and who died in Aug. 1876, of what I suppose was Bright's Disease. When Loren came home from the army he was suffering from a wound in his left leg below the knee. It was a running sore, right on the shin bone, and he had to go on crutches for some 3 years I think. I dressed the wound frequently. I don't think the ball was in the leg when he came. Loren was married to Diantha Ostrander just before he went into the army, or at least it was so currently reported and believed, I was not present at the wedding nor did I ever see their certificate, but I always believed them to be married. In fact about the time he enlisted he told me this. "I am married and [you?] can't help yourself.["] I think he had Bright's Disease [a kidney disease] when he died and that was the cause of his death because blood passed when he urinated. I have also heard my husband say that he was breached or that he told him so, but I didn't know it myself. I never knew of his having any cough or hemorrhages before he died. I cant remember whether or not Loren's leg ever broke out into a running sore after the first 2 years after his return or not but I think I have heard mother say it made pimples after that. I saw no other signs of Bright's Disease other what [sic] I have mentioned.
    I thoroughly He had to work considerably after he came home and even if he did while on crutches. O but I dont think he was ever able to work after he came home.
    I thoroughly understand the questions asked me and my answers to them are correctly recorded in this Deposition.
                                    /s/ Lunia Russell
                                   Deponent
    Sworn to and subscribed before me this fourth day of Mar. 1887 and I certify that the contents were fully made known to deponent before signing.
                                   /s/ H B Brown
                                   Special Examiner(54)
    Deposition I. Below is a summary of the deposition Lucy Jane Carpenter provided on March 3, 1887 as Claimant's Statement to Special Examiner H. B. Brown in Central Square, Oswego County, NY; Mr. Brown listed her reputation on his Report Index as "Doubtful":
    • She does not wish to be present in person or represented by an attorney if further testimony of witnesses is necessary to further examine her claim;
    • She will notify the Commissioner of Pensions at once if she changes her mind;
    • John O'Brien, Phoenix, NY, is the person who has been instrumental in prosecuting her claim;
    • She made a written contract to pay him $25 if she gets her Pension;
    • She has not paid him any fees whatever;
    • She would like to have the Examiner see Henry Russell, Syracuse, NY
    • She has no complaints as to the conduct, manner, or fairness of the examination of her claim.(55)
    Several different forms with various dates written or stamped on the same sheets around the same time indicate that Lucy J. Carpenter's claim was rejected. The dates range from March 9, 1887, March 21, 1887, April 11, 1887, and May 24, 1887. The papers appear to have been submitted by Eastern Division Examiner David Roth. One form (3-535), was submitted on March 21, 1887 for rejection. Form 3-450, entitled S.E.D. submitted by Special Examiner H. B. Brown identified this as a criminal claim and recommended "prosecution". Just below, on the same page, the Chief of the S. E. Division (signature is indecipherable) wrote on March 15, 1887: Respectfully referred to Mr. Hilligoss, Chief Eastern Divn for action in the matter of the claim. Criminal [features?] barred by [time?]. Just below that, on April 8, 1887, Reviewer Thomas A. Broadus simply noted "Reject." The form was date-stamped as received by the Pension Office Sp'l Ex'n Division Section F on Mar 9, 1887.(56)

    Form 3-130, entitled War of the Rebellion. Dependent Mother's Pension, summarizes the important dates and decisions of the claim. It is stamped as Rejected May 24, 1887.
    Claimant: Lucy Jane Caples now Carpenter, P.O.: Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y.
    Soldier: Loren Caples, Corp'l, Co., "D," 147" Regiment N.Y. Vol. Inf'ty
    Recognized Attorney: John O'Brien, P.O.: Phoenix, N.Y.
    Articles filed: July 27", 1885
    Submitted for Rejection March 21" 1887 by David Roth, Examiner. The soldier left a widow Surviving him. See report of Special Exr dated Mch 15/87.
    Approvals: Approved for Rejection upon the ground that claimant has no title as soldier left a widow surviving and the further ground that soldier was dishonorably discharged from the service. Thomas A. Broadus, Legal Reviewer, April 8, 1887
    Important Dates:
    Enlisted Aug 30", 1862
    Mustered: --
    Discharged: dishonorably Feby 19", 1864
    Died: Aug 10", 1876
    Declaration Filed: June 25", 1880
    Husband abandoned cl'mt 1862
    Remarriage of mother: Feby 11", 1882
    Invalid app'n filed: --
    Invalide last paid to: --
    History of Attorneyships: 1st app't, June 25", 1880 by claimant,
    Name and P.O.: John O'Brien, Phoenix, N.Y.(57)
    The following is a hand-written letter from Lucy Jane Carpenter to the Commissioner of Pensions. The handwriting does not appear to match that of her signature, and may be that of John O'Brien. It is date-stamped by the U.S. Pension Office April 4, 1887 and the U.S.P.O. Eastern Examiner April 9, 1887.

    Central Square Apr 2d 1887
    Commissioner of Pensions
    Sir
         In the Matter of Pension Claim No 270,990 of Lucy J. Carpenter a dependent Mother, I the applicant think I am Entitled to and do hereby Call for a reexamination of the Evidence I have all ready furnished, and more I have to furnish. I make this Appeal on the grounds that the Special Examiner of my Case (Brown of Watertown, NY) has got some Incredible Evidence, And he refused to go and See other Parties I refered [sic] him to, Which would rebut some of the Evidence he has all ready got, That I Claim is Incredible, Further he never notified me of a Examination
                             Yours Respectfuly
                             /s/ Lucy Jane Carpenter(58)
    From the Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Washington, D.C., May 27, 1887
    Sir:
         The claim for pension No 270, 990 of Lucy Jane Caples, as the Mother of Loren Caples, late of Co. "D" 147" New York Vols. is rejected for the reason that the claimant has no title as the Soldier left a widow Surviving him.
    For use in Mother's Claim for Pension
    No. 270, 990
                                /s/ Very Respectfully
                                          John C. Black
                                          Commissioner
    John O Brien, Esq.
    Phoenix, New York(59)
    The following is a hand-written letter from John O'Brien to the Commissioner of Pensions, dated March 12, 1888. It was date-stamped received by the U.S. Pension Office on March 16, 1888.
    Phoenix, Oswego Co. NY March 12/ 88
    Commissioner of Pensions
    Sir
         relative to the Pension Claim No 270, 990 of Lucy Jane Caples Mother of Loren Caples late of Co D. 147th Regt NY Vols. which you rejected May 27, 1887 on the ground that the Soldier left a Widow Surviving him
    Please inform me of the Maiden name of the Person Claiming to be his Widow and the time when and the Place where and the name of the Magistrate by whom She claims to have been married and the names of the Persons who She claims were Present at the Marriage
         This information I ask for So as to Enable the Claimant to disprove the Conclusions reached in her Case. She claims to be able to Show that any Evidence obtained Showing that her Son the Soldier had Ever been Married is wholly false, or that he Ever lived or Cohabitation with any woman as his wife awaiting your reply I am
                                 respectfully yours
                                        /s/ John O'Brien
                                                 Atty in Claim(60)
    John O'Brien hand-wrote another letter to the Commissioner of Pensions on May 18, 1888. It was date-stamped received by the U.S. Pension Office on May 22, 1888.
    Phoenix, Oswego Co. NY May 18, 1888
    Commissioner of Pensions
    Sir
         In the matter of Pension Claim No 270, 990 of Lucy Jane Caples Mother of Loron [sic] Caples late of Co D 147 Regt NY Vols. to which the Enclosed letter of rejection relates I would respectfully ask to be informed of the name of the Person who Claims to have been his Widow Either her maiden name or Present name So that we may Know where to begin to disprove her Claim, The Claimant Says her Son was never married and the record of the Justice of the Peace by whom it has been alleged he was Married fails to show it and it Cannot be Shown that he Ever lived any woman as his wife and as I have been informed the only woman that rumor ever insinuated to have been Married to him Married in his immediate Vicinity and had quite a family by Said marriage before the Soldiers Death I therefore ask to be informed of the name of the Woman who claims to have been his Widow that there may be a ful [sic] and fair investigation of the matter. the Claimant informs me that a Special Examiner who Said his name was Brown examined the Case and Shamefully abused her.
                                 Respectfully yours
                                         /s/ John O'Brien(61)
    On July 11, 1890, Peter L. Woodin and John Bronner, both of Central Square, NY, attested that they were well acquainted with Lucy Jane Carpenter for 15 and 20 years respectively. (63)


    On August 18, 1890, Nelson W. Bates, M.D., of Central Square, Oswego County, provided the following information in his Physician's Affidavit, in the claim of Lucy J. Carpenter:
    • That he had been acquainted with the soldier for about 25 years;
    • "On the 6th day of August 1876 I first saw him professionally and again on the 8th and 9th of Aug. and that he died on Aug. 10. 1876.
    • That I found him laboring under a urinary disease either of the kidneys or bladder and on account of the shortness of time of my attendance and the length of time elapsed since I cannot remember my exact diagnosis
    • That he evidently died from a severe form of organic urinary disease and from the history of the case as given by him at the time I had no doubt but that it originated for exposure while in the service"
    • That he has been a practitioner of medicine for 39 years(62)
    Nelson W. Bates, M.D., of Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y., provided the following Physician's Affidavit on August 18, 1890. In it, he noted that he had been acquainted with the soldier for 25 years. The form was filed by T.W. Talmadge, of Washington, D.C., and was date-stamped by the U.S. Pension Office Aug. 28, 1890.
    On the 6th day of August 1876 I first saw him professionally and again on the 8th and 9th of Aug. and that he died on Aug. 10, 1876. That I found him laboring under a urinary disease Either of the Kidneys or bladder and on account of the shortness of time of my attendance and the length of time Elapsed since I cannot remember my Exact diagnosis That he Evidently died from a severe form of organic urinary disease and from the history of the case as given by him at the time I had no doubt but that it originated from Exposure while in the service.(64)
    On August 23, 1890, Orange Hoyt, 45 years old, and a resident of Central Square, Oswego County, NY, provided the following General Affidavit to Notary Public J. P. Dix. The form was date stamped by the U.S. Pension Office Aug. 28 1890.
    I well knew Cl Loren Caples who was a Soldier in Co H. 147 Regiment new york Vol for 10 years prior to his enlistment and Continued to know him until his death August 10th 1876 that I lived in same school district Saw him nearly every day before he Enlisted and nearly every day after the war until his death I know he had a wound on his leg below the knee have seen his mother dress it for him a good many times it was very bad So bad by Spells he had to use Crutches and Continued in Such Condition up to his death I also have heard Said Loren Caples Complain a goodeal [sic] with his kidnys [sic] or bladder there was Something in his urinary organ that Caused him a goodeal [sic] of pain I am personally acquainted with his Mother Mrs Lucy J Caples now Lucy J Carpenter that She is a very poor Lady and getting very old No means of Support only by her own work
                                /s/ Orange Hoyt (65)
    On August 25, 1890, Peter L. Woodin and George Gosling, both of Central Square, NY, attested that they were well acquainted with Lucy Jane Carpenter for 15 years. (66)


    At some point, that documents in the Pension file do not clearly illuminate, Lucy Jane Caples Carpenter parted ways with John O'Brien--or perhaps he parted ways with her--and T.W. Tallmadge of Washington, D.C., took up her pension claim.

    On August 26, 1890, Lucy J. Carpenter, aged 72, residing in Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y. filed a Declaration for Independent Mother's Pension, Act of June 27, 1890. It was filed by T. W. Tallmadge, of Washington, D.C. Witnesses Peter L. Woodin and George Gosling attested as witnesses. The form was date-stamped received by the U.S. Pension Office, Aug. 28, 1890.
    • she is the mother of Loren Caples, who enlisted at West Monroe, N.Y., on Aug. 30, 1861, in Co. H. 147 Reg. N.Y. State Vol. as Private in the War of the Rebellion, who died at Mallory, N.Y., on the 10th of August, 1876 from the effects of Disease incurred at in service u.s.;
    • She hereby appoints with full power of substitution and revocation, T. W. Tallmadge, of Washington, D.C., her true and lawful attorney to prosecute her claim, whose fee is to be ten dollars upon issue of pension certificate under said law.
    Index to Report (3-143) [No.; Name & P.O. Address; Date of Filing; Subject]
    Index Mother's, Claim N. 270.990, Loren Caples "H", Reg't 147" N.Y. Vols. Inf
    1. Lucy Jane Capels now Carpenter; Central Square, N.Y.; July 14" 1890; Declaration.
    2. Caroline Southworth; Hastings Center, N.Y.; Oct. 31st, 1890; As to soldie'rs celibacy.
    3. Louisa Fidler; Mallory, N.Y., " 31st, 1890; do do do.
    4. Josiah F. Benton; Hastings Center, N.Y.; " 31st, 1890; do do do.
    Act of June 27th, 1890.(67)
    No. 1. Declaration for Dependent Mother's Pension. On July 11, 1890, Lucy Jane Caples, age 62, of Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y., appeared before Notary Public J. P. Dix, Oswego County, and provided the following declaration:
    • she is the mother of Loren Caples, who enlisted at West Monroe, N.Y., on the 30th day of August, 1861 in Company H 147th regiment of N.Y. Vols as a private in the War of the Rebellion,
    • who died at Mallory, N.Y., on August 10th, 1876, from the effects of gun-shot wound in the leg incurred at Gettysburg, on the 2d day of July, 18--.
    • That said son left neither a widow, nor child under sixteen years of age, surviving.
    • That she is without other present means of support than her own manual labor.
    • That she has applied for a pension; the number of her application is 270 990.
    • That she makes this declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension-roll of the United States under the provisions of the act of June 27, 1890.
    • She hereby appoints, with full power of substitution and revocation, his fee[?] ten dollars, T. W. TALLMADGE, of Washington, D.C., her true and lawful attorney to prosecute her claim; and
    • that her post-office address is Central Square, Oswego Co New York.
                                        /s/ Lucy Jane Caples
      Attest:     /s/ Peter L. Woodin [Central Square, N.Y.; acquainted with claimant for 15 years]
                    /s/ John Bromer [Central Square, N.Y.; acquainted with claimant for 20 years](68)
    No. 2. On September 29, 1890, Caroline Southworth, 52 years old, and a resident of Hastings Center, Oswego County, NY, provided the following General Affidavit to Notary Public J. P. Dix:
    I have know [sic] Loren Capels son of Lucy J. Caples ever since he was a boy. I also know of his being in the late War as a soldier never Knew of his ever being married Knew of his coming directly to his Mother's house when he came from the service He was confined to his bed by disease at that time and died there. He was never married.
                     /s/ Caroline Southworth(69)
    No. 3. On October 16, 1890, Lovina Fidler, 41 years old, of Mallory, Oswego County, NY, provided the following General Affidavit to Notary Public J. P. Dix:
    that she was well acquainted with Loren Caples, late Private of Co H. 147 Ret. NY Vol. That she has known him for thirty years Knew him before he enlisted in the army. Knew him well after his return from the service lived near neighbor to him.
    I do not think he was ever married and know he never had any children.
                    /s/ Lovina Fidler(70)
    No. 4. Below is a summary of the information provided by Josiah F. Benton, 53, of Hastings Center, in a form titled Invalid Original Pension, Affidavit of Neighbors as to manner and extent of Claimant's disability since discharge from the service, October, 1890:
    • he had been well acquainted with Loren Caples for about 30 years;
    • that the soldier claimed to have rendered military service as Private in Co H 147 Reg N Y Vol
    • that Caples was disabled by a gun shot wound in the leg at the battle of Gettysburgh, Pa, which afflicted him to the following parts of his body:
      He seemed to use the leg he was wounded in very little after he came out the service so that he was not able to perform the labor of an ordinary able-bodied man, but that, on the contrary, during the period covered by this affidavit said soldier was confined to his bed at least part of the time;
    • that the soldier was compelled to use crutches or canes for most of that time; and that taking the time right through from month to month, and from year to year, for the period covered by this affidavit, the said soldier did not and could not perform to exceed three days work in a week as much labor as an ordinary able-bodied man.
    • During the period covered between July 3, 1864 and the day of his death.
    • He was unable to do little or no Labor from the effects of said Wound in the army
    • Never Knew of his being married or having a wife.
    • Loren Caples was by occupation a Cooper;
    • the affiant had "... always lived near neighbor to him"
                       /s/ Josiah F. Benton(71)
    Form 3-130a, entitled War of the Rebellion. Dependent Mother's Pension, summarizes the important dates and decisions of the claim. It is stamped as Rejected May 24, 1887.
    Claimant: Lucy Jane Caples now Carpenter, P.O.: Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y.
    Soldier: Loren Caples, Corp'l, Co., "D," 147" Regiment N.Y. Vol. Inf'ty
    Recognized Attorney: T. W. Tallmadge, P.O.: City
    Articles filed: July 27", 1885
    Submitted for rejection November 19th, 1890, by M.M. Lewis, Examiner. The soldier left a widow Surviving him. See report of Special Exr dated Mch 15/87.
    Approvals: Approved for Rejection upon the ground that claimant has no title as Soldier left a widow Surviving as Shown upon Spl Examination, G. B. Baum, Legal Reviewer, Nov. 24, 1890.
    Important Dates:
    Enlisted Aug 30th, 1862
    Mustered: " " "
    Discharged: dishonorably Feby 19th, 1864
    Died: Aug 10th, 1876
    Declaration Filed: July 14th, 1890
    Invalid application filed ---
    Invalid last paid to No.
    Husband abandoned cl'mt 1862
    Remarriage of mother: Feby 11th, 1882
    --claim filed under former laws June 25th, 1880
    Rejected May 24th, 1887
    Cause: No title: soldier left a widow
    Incidental Matter. Submitted for rejection on the ground that the evidence submitted by Special Examiner shows Conclusively that soldier left a widow surviving at his death, who is still living.(72)
    Below is a copy of a hand-written note from Lucy J. Carpenter, of Central Square, Dec, 8, 1890, to Green B. Baum:
               Central Square Dec 8 1890

    Mr. Green B. Baum
                  Dear Sir
    Yours of Nov 25 Received in Regard to Evidence. Would Say all that has been called for is in the hand of T. W. Tallmadge Pension Atorny. Washington D.C.
    Respectifuley [sic]
                  /s/ Lucy J. Carpenter
    Mother Claim No. 270,990
          Loren Caples
    Co H. 147" Regt N.Y.(73)

    Endnotes

    1. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of printed form 3-476 from C. B. Malter, Acting Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to John O'Brien, Esq., Caughdenoy, Oswego Co., N.Y., November 4, 1882. Returned with the requested material, it is later date stamped on December 16, 1882, by the Pension Office.

    2. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of printed form 3-063[?] (No. 16) from C. B. Malter, Acting Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to the Adjutant General, by messenger. Returned with the requested report, it is later date stamped on May 1, 1883, by the Pension Office.

    3. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of printed form 3-143, Index Mother's, Claim N. 270.990, Loren Caples "D", Reg't 147" N.Y. Vols Inf'ty. It is unclear who actually assembled the information and hand-wrote the information in the index: the Adjutant General?

    4. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lucy Jane Caples' Declaration For An Original Pension of A Father, June 22, 1880; filed with the U.S. Pension Office by John O'Brien, Caughdenoy, Oswego Co., N.Y., June [25], 1880; date stamp illegible.

    5. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Adjutant General Report, April 30, 1883.

    6. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of information from Surgeon General's Office, October, 27, 1883.

    7. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Reuben W. Slayton's affidavit, on form entitled Proof of Disability, July 16, 1885; filed with the U.S. Pension Office as Origin Affidavit of Reuben W. Slayton, by John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego Co., NY, July 27, 1885.

    8. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Physician's Affidavit from Henry Didomer, June 19, 1885; filed with the U.S. Pension Office as Condition in 1864 by Dr. H.D. Didama [sic], by John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego Co., N.Y., on July 27, 1885.

    9. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Caroline Jackson and James Jackson's General Affidavit, July 15, 1885; filed with the U.S. Pension Office as Date & Cause of Soldiers Death by Neighbor, by John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego Co., N.Y., on July 27, 1885.

    10. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lucy Jane Caples' General Affidavit, November 18, 1882; filed with the U.S. Pension Office as Affidavit of Claimant for Mothers Pension as to where she resided in 1864, and the date of her remarriage, by John O'Brien, Caughdenoy, Oswego Co., N.Y., on December 16, 1882.

    11. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lucy Jane Carpenter's General Affidavit, July 21, 1885; filed with the U.S. Pension Office as Affidavit of Claimant cannot furnish the testimony of Surgeon nor Med. evidence as to treatment from discharge, by John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego Co., N.Y., not date stamped.

    12. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Town Clerk Amos J. Richardson's General Affidavit, December, 1882; filed with the U.S. Pension Office as Affidavit of Town Assessor No property assessed [?] Claimant or husband from 1863 to 1882; by John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego Co., N.Y., on December 16, 1882.

    13. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 271 149, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten transmittal letter by John O'Brien to Commissioner of Pensions William W. Dudly, May 29, 1883.

    14. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of letter written by Loren Caples from Jarvis Hospital, Baltimore, M.D., October 11, 1863, received by U.S. Pension office June 2, 1883.

    15. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten response of Jared Mallory written on and in reply to March 30, 1885 letter from Pension Commissioner John C. Black, date stamped April 8, 1885.

    16.Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of pre-printed form 3-053 filled in with the nearly calligraphic handwriting of Pension Commissioner, John C. Black, Department of the Interior, Pension Office, Eastern Division, Washington, D.C., to John O'Brien on March 30, 1885.

    17. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Article of Agreement, filed with the U.S. Pension Office by John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego Co., N.Y., on July 27, 1885.

    18. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of printed form 3-472 from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to John O'Brien, Esq., Phoenix, Oswego Co., N.Y., March 30, 1885.

    19. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), handwritten note in reply to Commissioner of Pensions from John O'Brien, Phoenix, Oswego County, N.Y., November 7, 1885.

    20. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from [?] E. McLean, Acting Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to the Postmaster, Mallory, N.Y., January 12, 1886. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped on January 20, 1886, by the Pension Office.

    21. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of brief handwritten reply, which appears to be on the reverse of the original letter. Though not signed, it is presumed to be from the Postmaster, Mallory, N.Y.

    22. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to E. W. Bergen, Esq., Mallory, N.Y., February 18, 1886. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped on March 24, 1886, by the Pension Office.

    23. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten response from E. W. Burgen, Esq., Mallory, N.Y., to Commissioner John C. Black, March 12, 1886.

    24. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to E. W. Bergen, Esq., Mallory, N.Y., April 20, 1886. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped on June 8, 1886.

    25. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to E. W. Bergen, Esq., Mallory, N.Y., April 20, 1886. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped on June 8, 1886.

    26. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to John Fidler, Mallory, N.Y., July 13, 1886. Handwritten response of J. D. Fidler is provided on the same page, not dated. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped on July 29, 1886.

    27. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to John Fidler, Mallory, N.Y., July 13, 1886. Handwritten response of J. D. Fidler is provided on the same page, not dated. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped on July 29, 1886.

    28. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), hand-written filing by John O'Brien to Commissioner of Pensions, August 13, 1886.

    29. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of form 3-082 from John C. Black, Commissioner of the Dept. of Interior Pension Office, Washington, D.C., to Aaron S. Coleman, Chief of the Special Ex. Division, August 7, 1886. Returned with the requested information, it is later date stamped by the Sp'l Ex'n Division on February 7, 1887.

    30. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten response from H. B. Brown, Special Examiner, Mallory, N.Y., on the reverse of John C. Black's request to Aaron S. Coleman, January 31, 1887.

    31. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Summary of Special Examiner's Report, pp. 2-4, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, Watertown, N.Y., January 31, 1887.

    32. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of John Fidler Deposition A (form 3-446), pp. 5-6, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, Mallory, N.Y., January 31, 1887.

    33. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Jennie Fidler Deposition B (form 3-456), pp. 7-8, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, Mallory, N.Y., January 31, 1887.

    34. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Diantha Ingison Deposition C (form 3-446), pp. 9-11, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, West Monroe, N.Y., January 31, 1887.

    35. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of typewritten letter from Dept. of the Interior Pension Office, Sup'g Examiner, Hudson District, T. J. Shannon to H. B. Brown, Watertown, N.Y., February 10, 1887.

    36. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten transmittal note, presumably that of T. J. Shannon, as it is signed x x Sup'g Examiner, Hud. Dist., to Mr. H. B. Brown, February 10, 1887.

    37. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), a 1-cent post card from James Edward E. Blinn, 28 Fitch Street, Syracuse, NY, to H. B. Brown, Watertown, N.Y., U.S. Pension Office, March 1, 1887.

    38. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Summary of Special Examiner's Report, pp. 2-7, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, Watertown, N.Y., March 7, 1887.

    39. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Elmina Vinney Deposition A, pp. 8-9, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, Syracuse, N.Y., February 26, 1887.

    40. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Diantha Ingison Deposition B, pp. 10-12, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, West Monroe, N.Y., March 3, 1887.

    41. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Alfred D. Ingison Deposition C, pp. 13-14, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, West Monroe, N.Y., March 3, 1887.

    42. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lovina Fiddler Deposition D, pp. 15-18, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, West Monroe, N.Y., March 3, 1887.

    43. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Adelia Fiddler Deposition E, pp. 19-20, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, West Monroe, N.Y., March 3, 1887.

    44. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lunia Russell Deposition F, pp. 21-22, handwritten by Special Examiner H. B. Brown, Syracuse, N.Y., March 4, 1887.

    45. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of W. J. Pentilow Certificate, Exhibit G, p. 23, February 25, 1887.

    46. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Special Examiner H. B. Brown's hand-written summary regarding Claim of Lucy Jane Caples, pp. 2-3, March 7, 1887.

    47. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lucy Jane Carpenter's deposition, Deposition A in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 4-15, March 2, 1887.

    48. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of H. R. Knapp's deposition, Deposition B in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 16-17, March 2, 1887.

    49. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of N. W. Bates' deposition, Deposition C in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 18-19, February 26, 1887.

    50. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Adelia Fiddler's deposition, Deposition D in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 18-25, March 3, 1887.

    51. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Godfrey and Adelia Fidler's affidavit, Exhibit E in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, pp. 26-27, form entitled Proof of Dependence, not dated; filed by John O'Brien, Caughdenoy, Oswego County, N.Y.

    52. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lovina Fidler's deposition, Deposition F in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 28-31, March 3, 1887.

    53. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Diantha M. Ingison's deposition, Deposition G in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 32-34, March 3, 1887.

    54. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lunia [?] Russell's deposition, Deposition H in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 35-36, March 4, 1887.

    55. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lucy Jane Carpenter's Deposition I, in Special Examiner H. B. Brown's Report, in his handwriting, pp. 37-38, March 3, 1887.

    56. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives).

    57. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of form 3-130, War of the Rebellion Dependent Mother Pension, various dates.

    58. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from Lucy Jane Carpenter to the Commissioner of Pensions, April 2, 1887.

    59. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of letter from Pension Commissioner John C. Black to John O'Brien, Esq., May 2, 1887.

    60. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John O'Brien to the Commissioner of Pensions, March 2, 1888.

    61. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of handwritten letter from John O'Brien to the Commissioner of Pensions, May 18, 1888.

    62. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Physician Affidavit by Nelson W. Bates, M.D., August 18, 1890.

    63. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Declaration for Dependent Mother's Pension, July 11, 1890.

    64. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Physician's Affidavit of Nelson W. Bates, Central Square, Oswego County, N.Y., August 18, 1890.

    65. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Orange Hoyt General Affidavit, August 23, 1890.

    66. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Declaration for Dependent Mother's Pension, August 25, 1890.

    67. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of printed form 3-143, Index Mother's, Claim N. 270.990, Loren Caples "H", Reg't 147" N.Y. Vols Inf. It is unclear who actually assembled the information and hand-wrote the information in the index: the Adjutant General?

    68. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lucy Jane Caples' Declaration For Dependent Mother's Pension, July 11, 1890; filed with the U.S. Pension Office by T.W. Tallmadge, Washington, D.C.; date-stamped by the U.S. Pension Office on July 14, 1890.

    69. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Caroline Southworth General Affidavit, September 29, 1890, filed by T.W. Tallmadge, Washington, D.C., date-stamped by the U.S. Pension Office Oct. 31, 1990..

    70. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Lovina Fidler's Affidavit, October 16, 1890, in the handwriting of Notary Public J. P. Dix; date-stamped by the U.S. Pension Office Oct. 31, 1890.

    71. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of Josiah F. Benton, Affidavit of Neighbors, October, 1890, filed by T.W. Tallmadge, Washington, D.C.; date-stamped by the U.S. Pension Office Oct. 31, 1890 .

    72. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of form 3-130a, War of the Rebellion, Dependent Mother Pension, November 24, 1890.

    73. Loren Caples, complete Pension Application file, No. 270 990, (Washington: National Archives), photocopy of hand-written note from Lucy J. Carpenter, of Central Square, to Green B. Baum, December 8, 1890.

    Updated March 31, 2012