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Free People of Color Enumerated in the 1860 Federal Census, Blount County, Alabama

I have extracted information from the 1860 Census about those Blount County households which contained people whose "color" was listed as "mulatto" or "black". (There were only three choices given on the 1860 census schedule - "White, black, or mulatto." Where no race is listed for a person, that usually indicates that the person was "white.") It is interesting to note that the three households listed below are racially mixed. Unfortunately, the 1860 Census does not tell us the relationships of the members of a household. I have not extracted all information available in the census record, for example, omitting whether a person could read and write. I would however like to note that Lucinda Moore, "black", enumerated below in household 1/1 is listed as being able to both read and write.

Long before 1860, it had become illegal for anyone to teach an African-American, enslaved or free, to read and write. Alabama law severely restricted the rights of free people of color, who at all times needed to have documentation of their status or risk re-enslavement. In 1832, free people of color were legally prohibited from entering the state of Alabama. In 1834, it became illegal for any newly emancipated slave to remain in the state. By 1854, all free people of color were required by law to have a white man as a guardian. In 1860, it became illegal for a slave-owner to emancipate a slave in his or her will. It was even illegal to send a slave away from Alabama in order for him or her to be emancipated.


Subdivision #1
Post Office: Blountsville
p.889
257/257
Name age sex race occupation value
of
real
estate
value
of
personal
estate
place
of
birth
Chaney, Phoeby 78 female         VA
Chaney, Artamissey 22 female         AL
Chaney, William 3 male mulatto       AL

 

East Subdivision
Post Office: Summitt
p.1013
1/1
Name age sex race occupation value
of
real
estate
value
of
personal
estate
place
of
birth
Skinner, J.A. 33 male   merchant $1500 $8000 SC
Skinner, Mary L. 25 female         AL
Skinner, John Price 11 male         AL
Skinner, W.P. 26 male   merchant   $1500 TN
Moore, Lucinda 22 female black domestic   $25 GA
Moore, Nancy A. 5 female black       TX
Moore, Robert 3 male mulatto       TX
Moore, Mary 6/12 female mulatto       AL

 

East Subdivision
Post Office: Summitt
p.1116
718/705
Name age sex race occupation value
of
real
estate
value
of
personal
estate
place
of
birth
Foster, Mary 38 female   domestic $0 $90 SC
Foster, Allen 19 male mulatto       AL
Foster, Averilla 15 female         AL

 

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Blount County, Alabama Genealogy Site Index