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Richard " The Quaker " Henderson

Judith F. Russell
Subject: Richard " The Quaker " Henderson

Judith
Use any of this as you see fit - Thanks
I believe you have information on the Hollingsworths at Bush River - including my ancestor Isaac ( Big Isaac )Hollingsworth

Name: Richd Henderson Township: Not Stated County: Edgefield State: South Carolina Year: 1790 Roll: M637_11 Page: 63 Image: 0318

Richard Henderson is believed to have been born in Hanover County Virginia ( now Louisa County ). Owned land in Louisa County VA in 1744 . Joined the Quaker Church at the Camp Creek Monthly Meeting in Virginia. Camp Creek was located in Louisa County Virginia 11 miles Southwest of Green Spring near Louisa Courthouse or Poindexter. He was"Recieved By Request" ( recrq) on Feb 16, 1748 ( ie became a new member as opposed to being a Birthright Quaker). Camp Creek existed for only five years 1748 to 1753. The records no longer exist. Quaker Monthly Meetings - Camp Creek Louisa VA organized 1747

"Cane Creek Friends Meeting Since 1751 - The first Cane Creek Meetinghouse stood on land belonging to John Standfield. The first of four meetinghouses on this site was built in 1764 on land given by William Marshall. The third meetinghouse was destroyed by fire in 1879 and the fourth, in January 1942. Ten months later the present building was completed and services were once again held on this site. Cane Creek has accomplished much through the years. Sylvan Academy was established in 1866, a part time minister was hired in 1918 and in 1941, Elbert Newlin was hired as the first full time minister. The first parsonage in 1947 on land donated by Pearl Griffin. The present parsonage was built in 1990 on land donated by David Carter. Strength from our paster, faith in the future. Dedicated October 2001." Photo courtesy of Scott Turner via Find a Grave

Richard moved to Orange County ( now Alamance County ) at Snow Hill near Grahm NC ( Tar River or Reedy Fork) and produced a certificate dated July 21 1752 from the Camp Creek Meeting which was accepted. It is recorded he joined the Cane Creek Meeting on December 1, 1752. Cane C reek was formed Oct 7, 1751. Cane Creek Monthly Meeting: Orange (now Alamance) County. Cane Creek was established 7th of 10th month 1751, being located on Cane Creek in the central part of a large area comprising Orange County. This included all the present counties of Caswell, Person, Alamance, Chatham, Orange, and parts of Rockingham, Guilford, Randolph, Lee, Wake and Durham. When Chatham County was formed in 1771,the division line between Orange and Chatham Counties ran a short distance to the south of the meeting house. This accounts for some families showing children born early in Orange County and later in Chatham. There were some thirty families resident at the opening of the meeting. Not all are known but among them was the Robert Sumner family. Many other family names are mentioned in the early minutes including Ballinger, Beals, Beeson, Hiatt, Hodson, Hunt, Marshill, Mills, Thornbrough For more information on Cane Creek Meeting including photos see Barbara Ebberly's Web Site The meeting house is adjacent to the village of Snow Camp about 15 miles south of Graham on the Greensboro Chapel Hill Road. A Richard Henderson is shown on the 1755 Orange County NC tax list "w 3 whites". Hinshaw's _Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy_ Vol. I includes a description of the formation of Cane Creek Monthly Meeting, NC which was established 7th of 10th month 1751. Set up under the authorization of Perquimans and Little River Quarterly Meeting a minute dated 1751,6,31 makes reference to "thirty families and upwards of Friends" who had requested a Monthly Meeting in their vicinity. A complete list of the thirty families is not presented but the Cane Creek birth records show that one or more children were born in Orange County, NC prior to 10th month 1751 in each of the following families:

William and Hannah Brown
Anthony and Sarah Chamness
John and Abigail Pike
William and Sarah Piggott
Hugh and Mary Laughlin
John and Rachel Wright

At the opening meeting, certificates were produced by:
John Powel
Martha Hiatt and children
John Hiatt
Joseph Doan
Robert Summers, wife and children
Aaron Jones
Henry Ballenger, wife and children
William Reynolds, wife and children
Elizabeth Vestal and sons William and Thomas

Others mentioned in the minutes during the first eighteen months included the following:

Ann Armfield, William Baldwin, Mary Ballenger, Rachel Ballenger, Bowater Beals, Sarah Beals, Thomas Beals,, Benjamin Beeson William Beeson, Rebekah Branson, Thomas Branson, Juliatha Carr, Thomas Carr, SarahChapman, Benjamin Clark, Catherine Cox, William Cox, Charles Davies,Hannah Davies, Daniel Dillon, Peter Dillon, Joan Doan, Elinor Edwards,
Jonathan Harrold, Richard Henderson, <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
Martha Hiatt, Sarah Hiatt, William Hiatt, Sarah Hodgin, John Hodson, Sarah Hodson, John Hoggatt, William Hoggatt, Rachel Howard, Mary Hudson, Eleazar Hunt, Thomas Hunt, William Hunt, Elizabeth Jackson, Isaac Jackson, John Jones, Able Knight, Elizabeth Laky, William Marshill, Edward Matthews, Mary Matthews, William Matthews, Henry Maynor, Mordecai Mendenhall, Hur Mills, John Mills, Thomas Mills, Benjamin Moorman, Matthew Ozbun, Jeremiah Piggott, David Reynolds, Benjamin Ruddock, Joseph Ruddock, Richard Sidwell, Phebe Summers, Frances Taylor, James Taylor, Robert Taylor, Martha Thornton, Thomas Thornton, Thomas Thornburgh, William Thornburgh, Joseph Wells, Thomas Wilkisson, Jonathan Williams.

The Richard Henderson family was granted a certificate from Cane Creek October 7 1769 and moved to what is now Newberry County in South Carolina , joining the Bush River MM at or near Newberry S C on November 4 , 1769 when it was first formed. Bush River held the first meeting Jan 1 1771. Richard is listed among the early members of Bush River Meeting.

Early members of Bush River Meeting (names taken from the first pages of the minutes), in addition to those mentioned by Dr. WEEKS, included Jacob CHANDLER, Samuel CHAPAMAN, Eli COOK, Isaac COOK, William COOPER, Enos ELLEMAN, Moses EMBREE, Robert EVANS, Armil FINCHER, Nathan HAWKINS, James HAWORTH, Richard HENDERSON**, Elias HOLLINGSWORTH, William HOLLINGSWORTH, Isaac HOLLINGSWORTH**, John JONES, Robert MERRICK, Henry MILLHOUSE, David MOTE, David MOTE, Jr., William NEAL, John NELSON, Samuel NELSON, Enoch PEARSON, Samuel PEARSON, William PEMBERTON, Peter RUBLE, David SMITH, Henry STEDHAM, Jonathon TAYLOR, William WRIGHT.

** Grandparents
Newberry County was formed in 1785 as a part of Ninety Six District, with the county seat in the town of Newberry. The community was named for Capt. John Newberry,Revolutionary War officer. This part of the country was settled largely by Scotch-Irish, English, and German immigrants in the mid-1700's. The German region was given the name Dutch Fork. This title is still carried to this day.

Quaker Families of South Carolina and Georgia.
Remnants of the early records were sparsely kept. The Quaker records were maintained for the Charleston Meeting from 1680 through 1786. The Quaker's meetings were held in private homes until 1715 when a meeting house was built in Charleston. Many of the early members were buried in the Friends Burying ground. By 1791 there were only 15 members in Charleston. Other Quaker meetings in South Carolina were Bush River Monthly Meeting, Newberry County, South Carolina estab. 1770 and Cain Creek Monthly Meeting, Union County, South Carolina estab. 1775 which in 1809 were merged with New Garden Monthly Meeting. Many of the members of Bush River and Cain Creek had moved to Ohio.

The Archives of the South Carolina Genealogical Society are currently housed at the Hartsville Genealogical Research Library, home of the Old Darlington District Chapter, S.C.G.S. The Research Library is located at 114 South Fourth Street in Hartsville, in the old Hartsville Train Depot. The book "Southern Quakers And Slavery: A Study In Institutional History" : by Stephen B. Weeks, University of North Carolina and Johns Hopkins University in 1896 documents the movement of Quaker families including the Hendersons from Camp Creek in Virginia to Cane Creek in North Carolina to Bush River in South Carolina and then on to the Miaimi Meeting in Ohio. pp 103,116,280. The Hollingsworth, Wright, Cook and other families connected with the Hendersons are also included in this work.

Comments. In the Newberry SC area there are several Edgefield Beaverdam Creeks. Richard settled on Beaverdam Creek, then called Haw Creek, a branch of Cuffeetown Creek. Daughter Lidah or Lydia (should be Sarah). Sarah is proven to have been wife of William Holiday and she had a daughter Lydia. Other daughters of Quaker Richard have not yet been identified.

A Richard Henderson is shown in the first census in 1790 as head of household in what was known as Federal Court District 96, Edgefield County with "1 wm over 16 and 3 wm und 16 and 2 females". Elizabeth's death is recorded in the" minuts" as having died April 26, 1788. Bush River essentially ceased to function by 1805 and was laid down in 1822, essentially all members having moved to the frontier territory of Ohio or elsewhere. Richard probably died while at Bush River and is probably buried in the Bush River Cemetery near Newberry. Newberry County previously was part of Judicial District 96, then later Edgefield District which preceeded the present counties that were formed after the Revolutionay War. In South Carolina most counties were formed in 1785. The Bush River Cemetery is under a plan of restoration by the Quaker North Carolina Yearly Meeting located at Guilford College Greensboro NC. Recently an independant group has been organized to maintain the history of the Bush River Meeting and the Bush River cemetery.

Richard Henderson was born about 1710 or 1715 in the part of Hanover County, VA, that later became Louisa County, and was probably the youngest child of William Henderson who died 1845. Richard married Elizabeth whose last name is not known. She was very likely a Branson, but no proof exists. Their children were William who married Ann Leakey in 1767 and died 1816. His wife and any children predeceased him. His heir was his niece Anna Holliday who died unmarried, her estate being divided among her brothers and sisters. Sarah (not Lydia; she had a daughter Lydia. This is one of the Rev. Henderson's little memory slip-ups.) She married William Holliday. Nathaniel married 1762 Rebecca Thornton. He died 1803 leaving a will in Edgefield, SC.

John married Rachel Thornton
Thomas married "out of unity 1767 Elizabeth". Moved to Franklin, Indiana.
Samuel. Never married.
Shadrack married Eleanor Holiday.
All the above children were born before 1755; the following after 1755 according to the 1800 census.
James married Eleanor.
Richard married Rachel Thornton [a different girl from the Rachel that his brother John married]
Nathan married --- Haralson.
The Rev. Henderson included a last child, Rachel Henderson. I have found no trace of such a daughter and believe she may really have been a daughter of one of Quaker Richard Henderson's sons.

I wish to thank the person who shared the writings of the Rev. James Elbert Washington Henderson with the late Jim Henderson, and am grateful to Jim for sharing the bible record with other esearchers. I have more, in some cases much more, about the sons and daughters of Quaker Richard Henderson which I am happy to share with interested people.

Carol Wells
I have most of Quaker Richard's children listed simply as before or after 1755.
Hannah MAYBE born about 1759, 1763?
William, MAYBE about 1740 to 1747 (based on date of his marriage in 1767)
Sarah (shown as Lydia by Rev.Henderson's account) born MAYBE 1742
Nathaniel born prior 1755 married 22 Dec 1762 (Quaker record) so born ABOUT 1740
John born prior 1755, MAYBE about 1746 since he was reported married in 1789. A condemnation for misconduct may have been made some time after the deed itself.
John died aged 90 in Connersville, Fayette County, Indiana, but I don't have the date of his death. With the date of his death, his birth could be estimated.
Thomas, born 1755 since he married out of unity 1767.
Samuel was born prior 1755
Shadrack was born prior 1755
James was born after 1755, maybe more or less 1760.
Richard was born 1761.
Nathan was born between 1755 and 1774, probably in the early 1760s.
I am not at all sure that a daughter Rachel ever existed.
Looking at the number of Richard's children who were born before 1755, and estimating their births at two year intervals gives a rough estimate of Richard's own birth.
One of our troubles is our tendency to want exact dates. Since we tend to omit the "circa" when copying information and instead give hard & fast dates, we skew the results.

I will welcome any firm dates that can be shown by documentary evidence for any of the above Hendersons. Carol Wells Hi Cousin James I am not an expert on the Richard "The Quaker" line, but I doubt if his parents tie to the William Henderson I talked about in my article. Carol Wells wrote an article in the September 1977 issue of "An Canach" and I have discussed with her possibilities of USA Henderson ties to the Fordell line. She feels we do not know and probably never will know Richard "The Quakers" parents. Also, the William you refer to has been researched by an Augusta County Genealogist Katherine Bushman. She lists a lot of his children and none are named Richard. So, unless I'm missing something, it seems that the search for Richard's parents must continue, but without much hope because of the burned records where he lived. Good luck and keep me posted if you find out any new info, or documentation.
Take Care
Jerry McClendon, Clan Henderson Scottish Desk

Subject: Hendersons
Dear Jerry
I recently came across your article "Virginia-Fordel Henderson Connection". I believe I may be of the line you describe. I am descended from Richard Holyfield "The Quaker" Henderson whom I believe was the son of a William Henderson and mother unknown. This William perhaps may have been the son of the first marriage of the William you describe who married Margaret Bruce. My information says Richard "The Quaker" owned land in Louisa County Virginia. He married Elizabeth Branson probably in Virginia , joined the Quakers at the Camp Creek MM then went to North Carolina Cane Creek Meeting then to Bush River MM in Edgefield South Carolina where he died. I have well documented records from then to the present including the various Quaker Meeting records. I am at a loss however, to establish with any degree of certainty the parents of Richard " The Quaker". Any help or research suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Regards James C Henderson

Subj: Re: [HENDERSON] Archibald Henderson Date: 4/23/01 10:30:12 PM Central Daylight Time Mac, I would apprec a copy of this data if would not be too much trouble. thks sheila ~~~~~~~~~~~~Attached per request Louisa County Book: A, Page: 283, Grantor: Shirwood Harris, Grantee: Nelson Anderson, Date: 05-Feb-1746 Shirwood Harris of St. Paul's Par. Hanover Co. to Nelson Anderson of St. Paul's Par. Hanover Co. +56 for 252 acres land and plantation, purchased of John Foster by deed 13 Feb 1743 on both sides of Cub Creek in Fredericksville Par. adjoining William Harris, crossing Cubb Creek. all tract of land joining purchased by said Harris of Richard Henderson by deed 7 Apr 1745 adjoining Wm. Adam's corner, Joseph East's line, David Harris' line, Sherwood Harris corner, Timberlake's line.

RICH, DEC'D TO WM GOODLOE AUG 1790
HEIRS: ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHIBALD
HENDERSON, Exectors
LAND ON OTTER CREEK adj. REUBEN SEARCY
MADISON CO KY DEED 5 AUGUST 1790
HENDERSON to GOODLOE Deed Bk B, p 43-51
Taken from Microfilm from Latter Day Saints Library, Roll # 0183283
Titled Madison Co KY Deeds Vol. A-B 1787-1793
(transcribed by Mac Elliott, typed as written and understood)
HENDERSON to GOODLOE
This Indenture made the 5th day of August in the year of Our Lord One thousand seven Hundred & ninety between ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHIBALD HENDERSON, Exectors of the last will & testament of RICHARD HENDERSON Dec'd (M)ason later of Granville County & state of North Carolina of the one part & WILLIAM GOODLOE of the other part.

Witnesseth that for and in consideration of the sum of Six hundred Dollars to the said RICHARD HENDERSON, ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, ARCHIBALD HENDERSON in hand paid by the said WILLIAM GOODLOE at or before the sealing & Delivering of these presents the Receipt whereof they do hereby acknowledge & therefore do ( ) accqut? & Discharge the said WILLIAM GOODLOE his Executors & Administrators by these presents they, the said ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHIBALD HENDERSON have Granted Bargained, Sold Aliened Confirment and by these presents do Grant, Bargain, Sell, Alien & Confirm unto the said WILLIAM GOODLOE his Heirs & Assigns a Certain Tract or parcel of Land & premises Situated Lying & being in the County of Madison & state of Virginia on the Waters of OTTER CREEK & bounded as follows, Beginning at a Hickory Sugar tree & Elm Claimed by REUBEN SEARCY as Corner trees to his thousand acres thence with this line of the (progenal?) Survey South three Degrees East three Hundred & ten poles to a Red Oak thence South Eighty Eight Degrees West three Hundred Degrees & eighteen poles to a small Ash and Sugar tree thence North three Degrees West three Hundred poles to a stake in SCEARCYS line Six poles West of a small Hickory in said line marked as a Corner tree near a spring thence With his line North Eighty seven Degrees East three Hundred & twelve poles to the Beginning and all houses-Buildings, orchards, ways, waters, water Courses, profits Commodities (Hersditements) & appurtenances Whatsoever to the said premises hereby granted, or any part thereof belonging or in any wise Appurtaining & the reverson & reversons remaind & remainders Rents issue & profits thereof & also all the estate right title Interest use trust property Claim and Demand Whatsoever of the Heirs of him the said RICHARD HENDERSON Dec'd of in & to the said premisses & all Deeds Evidences & writings touching or in any ways Concerning the same to have and to Hold the Lands hereby Conveyed & all & Singular other the premisses hereby bargained & Sold & every part & parcel thereof with their & every of their appurtanances unto the said WILLIAM GOODLOE his Heris & assigns forever to .these only propper use & behoof of him the said WILLIAM GOODLOE & of his Heirs & assigns forever & the said ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHABALD HENDERSON for themselves & for the Heirs & Administrators of the said RICHARD HENDERSON Dec'd do Covenant promise & grant to & with the said WILLIAM GOODLOE his Heirs & assigns by these presents that the said RICHARD HENDERSON was at the time of his Decease seized of a good, sure, perfect & inde( )? estate of Inheritance in fee simple of & ( ) the premisses hereby Bargained and sold that they, the said ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHIBALD HENDERSON have good power & Lawful & absolute authority by the Last Will and Testament of the said RICHARD HENDERSON, Dec'd to grant & convey to the said WILLIAM GOODLOE the same in maner & form aforesaid & that the said premisses now are & so forever hereafter shall remain & be free & Clear of & from all former gifts, grants, bargains, sales Dower right & title of Dowers, Judgements, Executions title troubles Charges & Incumbrances whatsoever made done Committed or Suffered by the said RICHARD HENDERSON Dec'd in his Life time or by any other person or persons Whatsoever since his Disease & the Quitrents & taxes hereafter to grow due & payable under the Laws of the Land for & in respect of the premisses only excepted & foreprized and that they the said ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHABALD HENDERSON for themselves & the Heirs of the said RICHARD HENDERSON, Dec'd all & singular the premisses hereby Bargained & sold with the appurtenances unto the said WILLIAM GOODLOE his Heirs & Assigns against them the said ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHABALD HENDERSON & and against the Heirs & assigns of the said RICHARD HENDERSON Dec'd and all and every person & persons whatsoever shall Warrent & forever Defend by these presents In Witness whereof the said ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSON, ARCHBALD HENDERSON have hereunto set their hands and seales the Day & Year first above Written. Signed Sealed & Delivered RO BURTON (LS)
in presence of B REDLEY (LS)
L. POTTER R HENDERSON (LS)
A. H(...) M. HUNT A HENDERSON (LS)
State of North Carolina}
Granville County } This may Certify that ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY & RICHARD HENDERSON, Executors of RICHARD HENDERSON Deceased acknowledged the above Deed of sale for Six Hundred acres of Land Lying in Madison County in the state of Virginia to WILLIAM GOODLOE & acknowledgment of ARCHIBALD HENDERSON the the aforsaid Deed was proved before us by the oaths of (LEWIS) POTTER & >(blank space)< HUNT given under our hands & seals this 6th day of August AD
Wm HUNT J.P. (LS)
CHARLES EATON J.P. (LS)
Granville }
County }
State of North Carolina }
Granville County } This may Certify that WILLIAM HUNT & CHARLES EATON are Justices of the peace for the County aforesaid given under my hand and the seal of the County the seventh Day of August Anno Domini 1790

A. HENDERSON CC be it Remembered that the within WILLIAM GOODLOE for himself his Heirs Ex's & administrators hereby Covenants & agrees to and with the within menshed? ROBERT BURTON, BROMFIELD REDLEY, RICHARD HENDERSONN & ARCHIBALD HENDERSON
Ex'r & Adm'r that they the said Ex'r they or Either of them Heirs Ex'r or Adm'r shall not be responsible to or answerable to the said WILLIAM GOODLOE his Heirs Ex'r or Adm's in any ( ) respecting the within menstioned grant to (the) premises so as to make the private property of them or any of them there or either their Heirs Ex'r or Adm's subject by suit or Recovery either Law or equity and that only that Estate which was the property of the said RICHARD HENDERSON Deceased at the time of his Death or may accrue Hereafter shall be Subject to the within mentioned granted recovery In Witness whereof the said WILLIAM GOODLOE have hereunto set my hand & affixed my Seal this 6th day of August AD 1790 } WILLIAM GOODLOE (LS)
Signed Sealed & Delivered in presence of
L. POTTER
CHARLES EATON
M. HUNT
State of North Carolina }
Granville County } This may Certefie that WILLIAM GOODLOE acknowledged the above Releasment to the Executors of RICHARD HENDERSON Dec'd. Before us given
under our hand & seals this 8th day of August AD 1790
Wm HUNT J.P. (LS)
JOHN DICKERSON J.P. (LS)
Granville
County State of North Carolina}
Granville County }
To all persons whomit may concern Know ye that THOMAS SATTERWHITE and JOHN BRODIE ESQUIRES are Justice assigned to keep the Peace for the County aforesaid and that all due faith and credit ought to be given to their attest( )tions given under my hand at office in WILLIAMSBOROUGH the 9th day of DECEMBER 1790 and in the fifteenth year of American Independance

A. HENDERSON Clk
Nov 6th 17_9 (**appears to this writer as date 1729) Laid off 300 acres of Land part of RICHARD HENDERSON afsee (assignee?) of RALPH WILLIAMS (preemtion?) of 1000 acres bounded as Follows (to Wit) Begining at the South West corner of said preemtion* (**here a map is drawn- a square box, bottom left corner marked "A", going up to top left marked "B", across to right top corner marked "D", and down to right bottom corner marked "C") * an ash and two Shugar trees at "A" thence North with the line of said preemtion 180 poles to a Hickory and two Shugar trees in said line at "B" thence East 267 poles to a Sugar Tree and Hickory at "D" thence south 120 poles to a Walnut and two Buckeyes In the line of the aforesaid preemtion at "C" thence West 267 poles with said preemtion line to the Begining Seale 200 Poles (per) Inch JAMES FRENCH At a Court Held for Madison County on Tueasday the 4th day of December 1790 This Indenture together with the memorandom the acknowledgement there of being Certifyed by the Clerk of Granville County Court which together with the courses thereunto annexed is orderd to be Recorded. Teste WILL IRVINE CMC ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ From Carol Wells:
The Rev. Henderson's bible account lists Quaker Richard Henderson's children as: Hannah, William, Lidah(Lidia), Nathaniel, John, Thomas, Samuel, Shadrack, James, Richard, Nathan, Rachel. Of this group, my own line is Shadrack. However, I have been trying to prove the marriages and locations of the Shadrack's brothers and sisters.
1. Hannah married James Rushton. Proof is found in 1800 census, Edgefield Deed Book 25 p.273, and later deed records.
2. William m Ann Leakey. The Virginia, NC, and SC volumes of Hinshaw, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN QUAKER GENEALOGY is a great source of info about this family, and will be referred to simply as Hinshaw.
3. Lidah. I am elderly so I don't mind saying our memory at this age is not always perfect, and I think that the Rev Henderson in his age make a bit of a mistake, recalling Lidia as a daughter of Quaker Richard. I am certain that Richard's daughter here was Sarah Henderson Holliday who had a daughter named Lydia Holliday. Sarah had married William Holliday. William Holliday died before 1800 leaving Sarh a young widow with several children. Her brother William Henderson is listed as a soujourner in her household. He had married Ann Leakey, but was a childless widower. William Henderson left his estate to his unmarried niece, Anne/Anna Holliday. The other Holliday children had married. William Holliday's estate was in dispute and was not settled until 1831 by which time his wife Sarah and many of her children had died. Anna Holliday the heir of William Henderson had died unmarried and childless.
4. Nathaniel married Rebecca Thornton ***. This couple remained Quakers and are thoroughly documented in Hinshaw. Nathaniel died in Edgefield in 1803. All his family moved north to Ohio/Indiana except his son Thomas who had married a Grigsby and had moved with her family to Greene County, Alabama. *** JCH Grandparents
5. John married Rachel Thornton. Proof - Hinshaw, after John had committed an offense for which he was out of meeting, and of which he later repented.
6. Thomas married Elizabeth. ( Hinshaw). This family also went North.
7. Samuel remained unmarried. I think he was physically handicapped. He witnessed various documents, but is found as an extra man in his brothers' households in census returns.
8. Shadrack married Eleanor/Ellender/Helena "Nelly" Holliday. Proof of this marriage and of Shadrack and Nelly's large family is needed. They had at least five daughters and about seven sons, the only proven son being Samuel. The wife's name is shown in an Edgefield 1796 deed and later records, and in her estate in 1847 Monroe County, AL.
9. James married Eleanor. This is a very puzzling family and much information is needed about this couple and their children.
10. Richard married another Rachel Thornton and his descendants are well documented.
11. Nathan married out of unity in 1787 so name of his wife is not known, and I have not been able to follow Nathan.
12. Rachel.
The Rev J.E.W. Henderson could not recall her married name, nor have I been able to find it.
=========================================================================

Quaker Richard Henderson's land in Orange County, North Carolina.
Allowing for the loss of land records during the American Revolution, some records survived,and luckily, we can be pretty specific about where Quaker Richard's land lay.
William D Bennett, ORANGE COUNTY RECORDS, Vol. 1. Granville Proprietary Land Office: Abstracts of Loose Papers. page 12. Branson, Thomas. Warrant. 15 March 1755. 640 acres on Middle Branch of Rocky River; joins his own land. Entered 15 March 1755. Assigned to RICHARD HENDERSON. Surveyed 5 May 1755.
You can find the general area of this land in Alamance County today.
Please don't get the other two contemporary Richards' land mixed up with our Quaker Richard. From this deed arises the suspicion that Richard's wife Elizabeth was a Branson. I have searched and searched and cannot find any proof or even hint that she was a Branson. So many records having been destroyed, we cannot know if the assignment made to Richard was a kindness or a sale. If you obtain an early map you will see that the location of this land was not far from the meeting house. Whoever Elizabeth was, I think she was already a Quaker because only Richard was received, not both of them. There are no birth dates for the children of Richard and Elizabeth. Son Nathaniel was born before 1755. He married 22 December 1762 in Orange County, NC, to Rebecca Thornton [Hinshaw]. The Hinshaw records are quiet about when first child Mary was born but it was in 1762.
I GUESS that PROBABLY Quaker Richard was a son of William Henderson whose estate he settled. Only one page remains from that estate, so how many children William had and what their names were cannot now be proven unless something wonderful turns up in future. William had a son Thomas who was deceased, and three daughters, two of whom are named. In future we can discuss William if you are interested.
Children of Isaac Henderson and Catharine Brown. Married 26 November 1823 Union County, Indiana. ( Jch grandparents )
1. Mary Ann Henderson b 7 December 1824s2. Susannah Henderson b 6 Jan 1826
3. Elizabeth Henderson b 2 Nov 1827 m Levi Lewis
4. Elihu Henderson b 6 Feb 1829
5. Joseph Henderson b. 28 Aug 1830
6. Rachel Henderson b 29 May 1832
7. Rebecca Henderson b 9 Oct 1823
8. Emily Henderson b 12 Oct 1834
Catherine Brown was born 16 August 1794 in Washington County, PA, according to1998 letter from Lloyd Holbrook. I have not tried to check this fact. My own problem is Shadrack Henderson, son of quaker Richard Henderson who died before 1790. Shadrack was born before 1755. I need proof of all and any of his children. Only his son Samuel has been proven, and he had a lot more sons and daughters. Regards to all, Carol Wells This page is dedicated to RICHARD AND ELIZABETH (Branson) HENDERSON It is believed that Richard and Elizabeth Henderson were the parents of Nathaniel Henderson . The following information was in an article titled Richard Henderson, The Quaker written by Carol Wells and was printed in a summer 1997 edition of a quarterly newsletter named the Clan Henderson. This article was generously provided to me by Bill Burd. The article shows that Richard and Rebecca had twelve children - Hannah, William, Lidah/Lidia, Nathaniel, John, Thomas, Samuel, Shadrack, James, Richard, Nathan and Rachel.

Carol Wells - in Clan Henderson Article
Carol Wells lives in Natchitoches, Louisiana. She was formerly archivist at Northwestern State University’s Watson Memorial Library, Natchitoches, Louisiana. "Quaker records about Richard Henderson start in 1748 when he was accepted into membership at Camp Creek Monthly Meeting, Louisa County, Virginia. Earlier, Richard had married Elizabeth. She was probably a daughter of a New Jersey Quaker family named Branson that had settled in Frederick County, VA. Richard owned several tracts of land in Louisa County. Louisa had been cut from Hanover County in 1742; Hanover had been formed from New Kent County in 1720. Scattered Henderson records exist in all three counties, but are not complete enough to prove family relationships. ...He was probably born between 1710 and 1715. It is likely that his father was William Henderson who probably was a brother of "Sheriff Richard". The sheriff's land was on North Anna River waters. William had Hanover land, as well as a 1733 patent of 400 acres on South Anna River which fell into Louisa county when that county was cut from Hanover. William died on his 400 acres in 1745. Only one fragment remains of William's will and the settlement of his estate. Richard Henderson was one of the executors; the other was Theophilus Watson Sr., the father of Thomas who was born 1684, and was brother-in-law of Quaker Richard. Elderly Theophilus was probably appointed executor to watch over Richard Henderson whose business sense was less than exact; the fragment shows that Richard could not provide vouchers for some of his expenditures of William's estate money; the court decided Richard's accounts were probably true, and his financial statement was admitted to record. Richard lived on Cub Creek near William and appears to have been William's only son in Louisa county. Son William lived in Goochland and son Thomas had died, leaving heirs. Names of William's three sons-in-law were listed: James Pyrant, Thomas Watson, and Lawrence Redman. Half of William's property was inherited by son William who sold the land and moved first to Albemarle county, later to Amherst. I believe he was related to Obediah Henderson who, with wife Judah (widow of Jeremiah Cook of Hanover County) moved to Edgefield County, SC, buying land on Cuffeetown Creek where the Quaker family settled; later moving to present McCormick County. The other half of William's land is found in possession of Joseph East; did it fall to Thomas's widow, and did she then marry Joseph East? What Henderson heirs did Thomas leave? What part, if any, of William's estate fell to Richard? Any record of William's land in Hanover or Richard's sale of such land has long been destroyed. Within two or three years of William's death, Richard became a Quaker. He followed the Branson family to Orange County, NC, where he was granted 448 acres in 1750. In 1755 Thomas Branson assigned 640 acres to Richard Henderson. Richard and Elizabeth's first eight children were born before 1755; the others after 1755. Sons William and Nathaniel were married in Orange County; a somewhat cryptic idea in Quaker minutes suggests that son John married Rachel Thornton. Marriages of Richard's other children were out of unity. In 1769 Richard and Elizabeth sold their Orange County land and moved to Edgefield, SC, buying 200 acres on Cuffeetown Creek from John Scott in 1771. This land joined land already occupied by their son Thomas. They also had a grant of 150 acres from South Carolina. The Monthly Meeting was held in Newberry, SC. A trip to Newberry involved not only distance but also carriages. On a good road in fair weather a wagon could make about twenty miles a day; the arduous trip was not made often. Marriages "contrary to discipline" of Richard's other children appear to have been reported to Quaker authorities a year or two after the ceremony had taken place.
[EARLYHENDERSON.FTW]
[montyh-2-50.ged]
This individual was found on GenCircles

I noted your query on a Quaker board. I too have Hendersons from Vermilion county IL, and have researched quite a lot of them in order to straighten out all of the Nathaniels (5) and Eli's who lived there. The earliest I can confirm is Richard & wife Elizabeth of Edgewood, SC, to son Nathaniel & wife Rebecca Thornton, to Nathaniel 1788-1854 wives Ruth Hollingsworth & Charity Dillon, to Eli Henderson 1812-1850 wife Asenath Thompson who had 8 children: James b. 1835 wife Cynthia Dark; Richard 1837 wife Martha Millholl and; Nathaniel 1839, wife Alvira Millholland; Susannah 1840-1860; Henry Clay b. 1842; Ruth md Wm T. Wright 1862; Martha J. 1846-1867; and Olive 1848-1865. Asenath md 2nd Joseph Dean 1 May 1856. This is not my direct line but I had to straighten out the Nathaniels(mine is Nathaniel 1809-1893 who came to Vermilion Co IL, son of Eli b.1786 & Susannah Henderson). Have a bit more if you are interested.
Lloyd Holbrook The Haworth Association of America
2004 Reunion Welcome to the Haworth family history; in America since 1699. George Haworth came to Pennsylvania in 1699 from Lancashire, England.

JCH Ancestry
18. Richard HENDERSON, born September 17, 1772 in Bush River MM, Newberry, S.C.; died March 03, 1849 in Frederick Co, VA. He was the son of 36. Nathaniel HENDERSON and 37. Rebecca THORNTON. He married 19. Rachel HOLLINGSWORTH April 26, 1794 in DISTRICT 96 (REPORTED at Bush River MM, S.C.).
19. Rachel HOLLINGSWORTH, born December 19, 1774 in Frederick Co, VA; died October 29, 1834 in Vermilion Co, IL. She was the daughter of 38. Isaac HOLLINGSWORTH and 39. Susanna WRIGHT. Children of Richard HENDERSON and Rachel HOLLINGSWORTH are:
i. Isaac Henderson, born January 20, 1795 in Union Co, IN; died October 14, 1834; married Catherine Brown; born August 16, 1794 in Washington Co, PA. ( Jch Grandparents )
9 ii. Susannah HENDERSON, born December 25, 1796 in N.C.; died December 04, 1850 in Vermillion Co, Quaker Point, IN; married Richard HAWORTH December 08, 1813 in CENTER MM, Clinton Co, OH.
iii. Sarah Henderson, born May 14, 1800 in Union Co, IN.
iv. William Henderson, born October 08, 1807 in Vermilion Co, IL; married Anna Haworth January 08, 1829 in Vermilion MM, Vermilion Co, IL (Source: IN State Library Genealogy Division, Marriages through 1850, William Henderson & Anna Haworth on 1/8/1829 in IN per Heiss' IN Quaker Records (5-438).); born December 13, 1806 in Vermilion Co, IL; died 1888.
72. Richard HENDERSON, born April 20, 1725 in Hanover Co, VA; died January 30, 1785 in Hillsborough, NC. He was the son of 144. Samuel HENDERSON and 145. Elizabeth WILLIAMS. He married 73. Elizabeth (Henderson) Abt. 1739 in prob VA.
73. Elizabeth (Henderson), born Abt. 1725 in Cane Creek MM, Orange Co, NC; died April 26, 1788 in Bush River MM, Newberry Co, SC. Children of Richard HENDERSON and Elizabeth (Henderson) are:
36 i. Nathaniel HENDERSON, born 1740; married Rebecca THORNTON December 22, 1762 in CANE CREEK, MM, NC.
ii. William Henderson, born Abt. 1743; married Ann Leakey October 15, 1767 in Cane Creek MM, Orange Co., N.C. (Source: Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy.); born Abt. 1750.
iii. Frances (Fanny) Henderson, born 1745.
iv. Richard Henderson, born July 1746; married Rachel Wright; born November 10, 1747 in Prince George Co, MD.
v. Archibald Henderson, born August 07, 1748; died 1822; married Sarah Alexander; born Abt. 1770. vi. Elizabeth Henderson, born August 30, 1750.
vii. Leonard Henderson, born October 06, 1752.
viii. John Lawson Henderson, born 1758.
74. Thomas THORNTON, born Abt. 1720. He married 75. Martha THORNTON Abt. 1745.
75. Martha THORNTON, born Abt. 1725.
Child of Thomas THORNTON and Martha THORNTON is:
37 i. Rebecca THORNTON, born 1745; married Nathaniel HENDERSON December 22, 1762 in CANE CREEK, MM, NC.
76. George HOLLINGSWORTH, born April 12, 1712 in Frederick Co, VA; died Abt. 1786 in Lauren Co, SC. He was the son of 152. Abraham HOLLINGSWORTH and 153. Ann ROBINSON. He married 77. Hannah MCKAY December 19, 1734 in Isaac Parkins house, VA.
77. Hannah MCKAY, born Abt. 1718 in Frederick Co, VA; died Aft. 1750. She was the daughter of 154. Robert MCKAY and 155. Ann BROWN. Children of George HOLLINGSWORTH and Hannah MCKAY are:
i. Josiah Joesph Hollingsworth, born 1735 in Cecil Co, MD; died September 10, 1792 in Deep River, Newberry Co, S.C; married (1) Frost; born Abt. 1735; married (2) Margaret Wright June 04, 1768 in Newberry Co, SC; born November 12 1742 in Prince George Co, MD; died November 13, 1822 in SC.
ii. Isaac HOLLINGSWORTH, born 1737 in S.C. / a Friends Minister; died November 24, 1809 in Miami Co, OH; married Susanna WRIGHT December 12, 1771 in Berkeley, SC.
iii. Abraham Hollingsworth, born 1739 in VA; died 1791; married Margaret Wright; born Abt. 1740.
iv. Ann Hollingsworth, born 1741 in Fredrick Co, VA; died Aft. 1792; married Elias Brock Abt. 1775; born Abt. 1755 in Makefield Twp, Yardley, Bucks Co, PA.
v. Robert Hollingsworth, born 1744 in SC; died 1799; married Susanna Rice Abt. 1770; born Abt. 1750.
78. John WRIGHT, born November 04, 1716 in Chester Co, PA; died 1790 in Newberry Co, SC. He was the son of 156. James WRIGHT and 157. Mary DAVIS. He married 79. Rachael WELLS 1737 in Prince Georges, Maryland.
79. Rachael WELLS, born March 27, 1720 in Prince Georges Co, MD; died December 23, 1771 in Bush River, Berkley Co, S.C.. She was the daughter of 158. Joseph WELLS and 159. Margaret SWANSON.
Children of John WRIGHT and Rachael WELLS are:
i. William Wright, born January 02, 1737/38 in Prince George Co, MD; died Abt. 1794; married Leah Tansey May 15, 1758 in Orange, NC; born 1738 in Frederick, MD.
ii. Mary Wright, born July 24, 1739 in Prince George Co, MD; died Bef. 1789 in Cane Creek, Orange Co, NC; married (1) James Neal; born Abt. 1738; married (2) David Lipton; born Abt. 1736; married (3) Joel Brooks September 20, 1756 in Cane Creek, Orange, NC; born 1739; died September 01, 1764 in buried Cane Creek, Orange Co, N.C..
iii. Joseph Wright, born December 12, 1740 in Prince George Co, MD; died in Bush River, Newberry, SC; married Charity Cook September 20, 1756 in Bush River, Newberry, SC; born 1744.
iv. Margaret Wright, born November 12, 1742 in Prince George Co, MD; died November 13, 1822 in SC; married (1) John Hammer November 03, 1758 in Cane Creek, Newberry Co, SC; born Abt. 1740; married (2) Josiah Joseph Hollingsworth June 04, 1768 in Newberry Co, SC; born 1735 in Cecil Co, MD; died September 10, 1792 in Deep River, Newberry Co, S.C..
v. Charity Wright, born November 12, 1742 in Prince George Co, MD; died November 13, 1820 in Chester, Clinton, OH; married Isaac Cook Abt. 1763 in Bush River, Newberry, SC; born Abt. 1743 in York, PA; died January 15, 1820 in Salem, Union Co, IN.
vi. Rachel Wright, born November 10, 1747 in Prince George Co, MD; married (1) John Hollingsworth; born Abt. 1745; married (2) Richard Henderson; born July 1746; married (3) John Coate Abt. 1765; born 1745.
vii. John C. Wright, Jr., born December 12, 1748 in Monocacy, Prince George Co, MD; died November 18, 1790 in (before 5/3/1797) in TN; married Jemima Haworth October 10, 1768 in Bush River, Newberry, SC; born August 1747 in Frederick Co, VA; died August 14, 1828 in vicinity of Leesburg, OH (as a widow w/several children).
viii. Sarah Wright, born December 23, 1749 in Cane Creek Valley, (later Orange Co,) N.C.; died November 18, 1789 in Newberry Co, SC; married James Brooks Abt. 1769; born 1747.
ix. Hannah Wright, born September 27, 1751 in Cavor Creek, Orange, NC; married A. Parmer Abt. 1770; born 1749.
x. James Wright, born May 28, 1753 in Cane Creek, Orange , NC (now Alamance CO, NC); died October 09, 1812 in Clinton Co, OH; married Sarah Haworth August 27, 1774 in Newberry Co, SC; born March 12, 1756 in Hopewell, Frederick Co, VA; died February 09, 1831 in Clinton Co, OH.
xi. Susanna WRIGHT, born April 16, 1755 in Orange, NC; died July 30, 1830 in West Branch, Warren Co, OH; married Isaac HOLLINGSWORTH December 12, 1771 in Berkeley, SC.
xii. Elizabeth Wright, born December 15, 1756 in Orange, NC; married (1) Isaac Ridgedon; born Abt. 1755; married (2) Gabriel McCool Abt. 1774; born 1754.
xiii. Nathan Wright, born October 07, 1758 in Orange, NC; died Abt. 1805; married Sarah Jay July 25, 1778 in Newberry Co, SC; born 1762.
xiv. Thomas Wright, born August 08, 1761 in Newberry Co, SC; died April 30, 1835 in White River burying ground,, Randolph, IN; married (1) Elizabeth Voss Abt. 1785 in Newberry Co, SC (probably); born Abt. 1765; died 1803; married (2) Elizabeth Jay August 28, 1787 in mou; born Abt. 1765; died 1803 in Bush River, S.C..
xv. Keziah (Krissie) Wright, born 1763 in Newberry Co, SC; married (1) Mr. Jay; born Abt. 1760; married (2) William Hanks Abt. 1782; born 1761.
xvi. Isaac Wright, born June 13, 1764 in Bush River, Newberry Co, SC; died February 20, 1844 in New London, Howard Co,, IN; married Susannah Haworth February 19, 1784 in Greene Co, TN (SEC VI, CH 17); born July 27, 1766 in Frederick Co, VA; died April 26, 1844 in New London, Howard Co, IN. Top of Form 1 Posted by: Beverly Dowers
Date: February 15, 2002 at 07:10:11
In Reply to: Re: Thorntons at Bush River/Cane Creek <1906.html> by James C Henderson of 3512
Bottom of Form 1

I am sorry it took so long to get back to you.
I am also related to "Richard the Quaker" Henderson.
What I have on Nathaniel Henderson, BORN about 1740 in Virginia and died March 2 1803 in Edgefield Co. South Carolina. Married Rebecca Thornton December 22 1762 in Orange Co. North Carolina. She was born March 21 1742 or1743 and died about 1805 in prob. Warren county Ohio. They had the following children
Mary Henderson b. Feb.1763 in Orange co. N.C. married Ramsey------
William Henderson (my gggrandfather)b. Feb.13,1766 in Orange Co. N.C. d. between 1860 and D.1840 in Covington,Fountain co. In.
Richard b.Sept.10,1772 in Orange co.N.C. died March 3 1849 in Vermillion Co. Illinois
Keziah Henderson b Sept5 1774 in Orange Co. N. C. d.May 16 1857 in Vermillion co illinois
Daniel Henderson b.Sept 1777 in Orange co. N.C. died childhood
Thomas Henderson b.Aug.6 1780 d. Nov. 1858 in Greene Co. Alabama
Martha Henderson b. Dec.12 1782 in Edgefield Co. South Carolina d. Oct. 1 1862 in Vermillion Co. Illinois she married Hollingsworth----
Eli Henderson b. Jan.2 1786 in Edgefield Co. S. C. d. Oct. 15 1833 in Vermillion Co. Illinois
Nathaniel Henderson b. Feb. 8 1788 in Edgefield Co. S.C. d.Oct.9 1854 in Clark Co. Illinois

I have more on William if this is your branch. Hoped this has helped you Cane Creek MM, North Carolina: Hinshaw's Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy, Volume I, states that Cane Creek MM was established October 7, 1751, in an area which at that time was Orange County. Orange County underwent a number of divisions as new counties were formed. This area is now Alamance County. Hinshaw reports the meeting house to be adjacent to the village of Snow Camp and about 15 miles south of Graham, the couty seat. or Guilford County Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 9693, Greensboro, NC. 27429-0693.
Downtown Newberry celebrates Octoberfest each year in (you guessed it) October. Right here on the Square is the site of the Liver Lips Cook-off. When you think of Dutch Fork and food, it is only natural to think of this local delicacy, so we can get it out of the way at the beginning of the tour. Head east on Main Street. Turn left on College Street. Down the street is Newberry College — a legacy of the Dutch Fork and all its Lutheran Churches. While we’re on the subject of food, during the War Between the States, Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, then president of the College, supplemented his income by baking bread. Since yeast was scarce, he substituted Rabbit Tobacco, which gave the bread a peculiar flavor. During the Federal occupation, Union troops purchased some of the bread. Suspecting it was poisoned, they wouldn’t eat it until they saw Rev. Smeltzer feeding it to his family. Turn left on Pope Street. Turn left on Nance Street and follow it as it becomes Hwy 395. Turn right on Mendenhall Road. The greenhouses of Carter & Holmes will be to your right. Turn left on Dennis Dairy Road. Ahead on the right is the Quaker Cemetery and the site of the old Quaker church. (Though not German, their settlement along Bush River was one of the traditional boundaries of the Dutch Fork.) Come back after dark to visit the Christmas lights display at the corner of Quaker Road. Turn left on Dennis Dairy Lane. Turn right on Hwy 395.
The Newberry County Museum is located at 1503 Nance Street, behind the Public Safety Complex.
The drive is off Cornelia Street.
The Museum is open on the first and third Saturdays of each month from 1:00 to 4:00 PM or any time by appointment. Directions to the Cemetery: South from downtown Newberry on College Street. Right on Boundary Street (State Rt. 34) for about 1.2 miles. Bear left on Dennis Dairy Road. Quaker Cemetery Marker is about 2.0 miles on the right. Marker is before you reach the bridge over Bush River or the Quaker Road.
Details
Series Number: S108093 Reel: 0018
Frame: 00653 item: 00
Date: 1799/10/02 Description: WALDROP, JAMES OF NEWBERRY COUNTY, WILL TYPESCRIPT (MSS WILL: ESTATE RECORD BOOK B, PAGE 328) (4 FRAMES).
Names
Indexed: WALDROP, JAMES//WALDROP, JOHN/WALDROP, DAVID/WALDROP, SOLOMAN/WALDROP, SAMUEL/WALDROP, RICHARD HENDERSON / GRIFFIN, CHARLES/DODGIN, WILLIAM/WALDROP, RICHARD/WALDROP, ELIJAH/ANDERSON, WILLIAM SR.///ANDERSON, WILLIAM JR./WALDROP, ABRAHAM/SIMPSON,JOHN/WALDROP, ISAAC/WALDROP, ELISHA/PITTS, MARY/WALDROP, RITTER/WALDROP, MARY/PITTS, NANCY/GRIFFIN, MARY P./JOHNSON, STEPHEN/ Locations:NEWBERRY COUNTY//ENOREE RIVER/CABIN BRANCH/CANNONS CREEK/ Type: WILL (TYPESCRIPT)// Topics: //
Life in South Carolina was not always simple. "The incursion of the Cherokees on the 30th of June, '76, drove the settlers nearest the frontiers from their homes. William O'Neall, with his family, fled from Mudlick to Benj. Pearson's, near Kellys old store, now Springfield." (The Annals of Newberry). He and Mary Frost moved to Bush River, Ninety-Six District (now Newberry County), South Carolina, in 1779. The family would have become members of Bush River Monthly Meeting at this time. "In 1780, when Charleston fell, William O'Neall and family lived at the place, about a mile west of Bobo's Mills, and on the southwest side of Bush river. He then owned the mill, known for thirty years as O'Neall's, now [i.e., about 1850] owned by Dr. J. E. Bobo, about one and a half miles below Mendenhall's." ( The Annals of Newberry). The Revolutionary War spared neither Bush River nor the family of William O'Neall. In 1781, a Tory regiment, part of General Tarleton's command, was pursuing a part of the American Army under General Morgan, when they arrived at Bush River, where they camped. As John Belton O'Neall tells it (The Annals of Newberry, p. 37): "In the night, a great fall of rain took place and made the river impassable; there was no bridge across it, except at William O'Neall's mills (now Bobo's) five miles below Chandlers'. To unite the 2d battalion with the 1st, it [the battalion] had to descend the river, and after encamping for one night, at least, at William O'Neall's, it crossed at his mills..." Judge O'Neall seems to have had no love for the British Army; he further states (p. 283): "When a battalion at Tarleton's command ... encamped at William O'Neall's, everything was seized and treated as if it all belonged to them, the fences were burned to make camp-fires, the cattle were butchered for beef, the officers billeted themselves on the unpretending Quaker family, without money and without price. When a part of Greene's [American] army, on their retreat from Ninety-Six, passed the mill, everything was paid for, and perfect order prevailed." Tarleton caught up with Morgan at the Cowpens, where, on 17 January 1781, Morgan defeated him.

William O'Neall left a will 15 July 1786 in Newberry County (in Ninety-Six District), South Carolina. The will named as executors William's "3 sons, Hugh, Abijah, and William." Witnesses were Elisha Ford, David Hollingsworth and John Sanders. William named as heirs his children, Abijah, Hugh, William, John, Henry and Sarah, in addition to his wife, Mary, whose share should go to son Thomas at her death or marriage. William Pearson and Henry Stedham were named as trustees. U.S. 11 is one of the oldest roads west of the Appalachian Mountains; 250 years ago it was the Great Wagon Road used by pioneers to migrate into and settle western Virginia and beyond. By the 1830s, the road had been improved, macadamized and operated as a toll road called the Valley Pike. A toll booth stood in this vicinity. The land where the Willow Spout is located was a prime business location because of the large number of travelers along the Pike. This particular tract was first owned by Peter Link. One of Link’s daughters married a Mr. Grisom who owned the land for a while before it passed to another of Link’s daughters who married Peter Hanger. Recognizing the commercial potential of his land, Hanger built a large tavern here. In those days, the spring not only quenched the thirst of man and beast, but also supplied water for a distillery. This made perfect sense, for distilling was the second leading industry in Augusta County before the Civil War, behind only milling.

— NewsLeader.com
Fort Defiance map
Series Number: S213019 Volume: 0027
Page: 00297 Item: 00
Date: 1772/11/19
Description: HENDERSON, RICHARD, LAND GRANT FOR 150 ACRES IN COLLETON COUNTY.
Names Indexed: HENDERSON, RICHARD//
Locations: COLLETON COUNTY/
Type: LAND GRANT/
Topics: /
Series Number: S111001 Volume: 0012
Page: 00117 Item: 02
Date: 1773/02/24
Description: HENDERSON, RICHARD, MEMORIAL FOR 150 ACRES ON BEAVER DAM BRANCH, COLLETON COUNTY.
Names Indexed: HENDERSON, RICHARD/SCOTT, JOHN/
Locations: COLLETON COUNTY/BEAVER DAM CREEK/SAVANNAH RIVER
Type: MEMORIAL/
Topics: /
This page is dedicated to RICHARD
AND
ELIZABETH (Branson) HENDERSON
It is believed that Richard and Elizabeth Henderson were the parents of Nathaniel Henderson . The following information was in an article titled Richard Henderson, The Quaker written by Carol Wells and was printed in a summer 1997 edition of a quarterly newsletter named the Clan Henderson. This article was generously provided to me by Bill Burd. The article shows that Richard and Rebecca had twelve children - Hannah, William, Lidah/Lidia, Nathaniel, John, Thomas, Samuel, Shadrack, James, Richard, Nathan and Rachel

"Quaker records about Richard Henderson start in 1748 when he was accepted into membership at Camp Creek Monthly Meeting, Louisa County, Virginia. Earlier, Richard had married Elizabeth. She was probably a daughter of a New Jersey Quaker family named Branson that had settled in Frederick County, VA. Richard owned several tracts of land in Louisa County. Louisa had been cut from Hanover County in 1742; Hanover had been formed from New Kent County in 1720. Scattered Henderson records exist in all three counties, but are not complete enough to prove family relationships. ...He was probably born between 1710 and 1715. It is likely that his father was William Henderson who probably was a brother of sheriff Richard. The sheriff's land was on North Anna River waters. William had Hanover land, as well as a 1733 patent of 400 acres on South Anna River which fell into Louisa county when that county was cut from Hanover. William died on his 400 acres in 1745. Only one fragment remains of William's will and the settlement of his estate. Richard Henderson was one of the executors; the other was Theophilus Watson Sr., the father of Thomas who was born 1684, and was brother-in-law of Quaker Richard. Elderly Theophilus was probably appointed executor to watch over Richard Henderson whose business sense was less than exact; the fragment shows that Richard could not provide vouchers for some of his expenditures of William's estate money; the court decided Richard's accounts were probably true, and his financial statement was admitted to record. Richard lived on Cub Creek near William and appears to have been William's only son in Louisa county. Son William lived in Goochland and son Thomas had died, leaving heirs. Names of William's three sons-in-law were listed: James Pyrant, Thomas Watson, and Lawrence Redman. Half of William's property was inherited by son William who sold the land and moved first to Albemarle county, later to Amherst. I believe he was related to Obediah Henderson who, with wife Judah (widow of Jeremiah Cook of Hanover County) moved to Edgefield County, SC, buying land on Cuffeetown Creek where the Quaker family settled; later moving to present McCormick County. The other half of William's land is found in possession of Joseph East; did it fall to Thomas's widow, and did she then marry Joseph East? What Henderson heirs did Thomas leave? What part, if any, of William's estate fell to Richard? Any record of William's land in Hanover or Richard's sale of such land has long been destroyed. Within two or three years of William's death, Richard became a Quaker. He followed the Branson family to Orange County, NC, where he was granted 448 acres in 1750. In 1755 Thomas Branson assigned 640 acres to Richard Henderson. Richard and Elizabeth's first eight children were born before 1755; the others after 1755. Sons William and Nathaniel were married in Orange County; a somewhat cryptic idea in Quaker minutes suggests that son John married Rachel Thornton. Marriages of Richard's other children were out of unity. In 1769 Richard and Elizabeth sold their Orange County land and moved to Edgefield, SC, buying 200 acres on Cuffeetown Creek from John Scott in 1771. This land joined land already occupied by their son Thomas. They also had a grant of 150 acres from South Carolina. The Monthly Meeting was held in Newberry, SC. A trip to Newberry involved not only distance but also carriages. On a good road in fair weather a wagon could make about twenty miles a day; the arduous trip was not made often. Marriages contrary to discipline of Richard's other children appear to have been reported to Quaker authorities a year or two after the ceremony had taken place."

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