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  • [S92] Interview with Vernon Tyner (Avoca, New York), by Chris Chester. Chris Chester (Kent, New York).
  • [S540] Walter Kenneth Griffin, "The Dutcher Family", New York Genealogical & Biographical Record Vol. 41 (1910). Hereinafter cited as "Dutcher Family."
  • [S598] Carl J. Underhill, compiler, Underhill Genealogy Vol. VIII (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 2002). Hereinafter cited as Underhill Gen. VIII.
  • [S602] Edwin R. Deats, compiler, Underhill Genealogy Vol. VI (Baltimore: Gateway Press). Hereinafter cited as Underhill Gen. VI.
  • [S612] Anonymous, online http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, anonymous (Ancestry.com World Tree), downloaded Nov 2002.
  • [S1352] Lilly Martin, "My Own Ancestry," e-mail message from Martin, Lilly to Chris Chester, 31 Oct 2006. Hereinafter cited as "My Own Ancestry e-mail."
  • [S1395] Prentiss Glazier, Palmatier, Parmentier Families (Dutchess County, N.Y.) (Sarasota, FL: typed manuscript, 1976). Hereinafter cited as Palmatier, Parmentier Fams.
  • [S1417] William Bogardus, "Correction," e-mail message from Bogardus, William (unknown address) to Chris Chester, Lilly Martin, Richard Brewer and Karen Sims, 22 Dec 2006. Hereinafter cited as "Wm. Bogardus e-mail 12-22-2006."
  • [S1419] Lilly Martin, "Re: Joshua Manning and Helena Brouwer/Brewer," e-mail message from Martin, Lilly (unknown address) to Chris Chester, Lilly Martin, Richard Brewer and Karen Sims, 23 Dec 2006. Hereinafter cited as "L. Martin e-mail 12-23-2006."
  • [S1472] Lilly Martin, "Re: Will of William Brouwer of Rombouts," e-mail message from Martin, Lilly (unknown address) to Chris Chester and et al, 23 Jan 2007. Hereinafter cited as "L. Martin e-mail 1-23-2007."
  • [S1497] Edith May Tilley, "The Will of Rev. Obadiah Holmes with a Few Extractions From His Manuscripts", New England Historical and Genealogical Register vol. 67, pp.21-23 (1913). Hereinafter cited as "NEHGR 67:21-23."
  • [S1498] William Bradford Browne, "Chad Browne of Providence, R.I. and Four Generations of His Descendants", New England Historical and Genealogical Register vol. 80, p.73 (1926). Hereinafter cited as "NEHGR 80:73."
  • [S1507] Homer Elhanan Aylsworth, Arthur Aylsworth and His Descendants in America (Providence, RI: Narragansett Historical Pub. Co., 1887). Hereinafter cited as Arthur Aylsworth and His Desc. in Amer.
  • [S1525] "Ask Art: The American Artists Bluebook", online www.askart.com. . Hereinafter cited as Ask Art.
  • [S1629] David Meschutt, "A Bold Experiment: John Henri Isaac Browere's Life Masks", Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine Vol.75, No.5 (May 1941). Hereinafter cited as "DAR Mag. v.75 no.5."
  • [S1777] Susan Bergeron, compiler, Cramahe Township Census, 1861, Northumberland County, Ontario: A transcription from original records (Brighton, Ontario: S.Bergeron, ca. 1992). Hereinafter cited as Cramahe, ON, 1861 census.
  • [S1778] Susan Bergeron, compiler, Cramahe Township Census, 1871, Northumberland County, Ontario: A transcription from original records (Brighton, Ontario: S.Bergeron, ca. 1993). Hereinafter cited as Cramahe, ON, 1871 census.
  • [S1796] John Reynolds Totten, "Jan Cornelis Buys (alias Jan Damen) and His Three Wives...", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Vol.66 (1935). Hereinafter cited as "Jan Cornelis Buys, NYGBR 66 (1935)."
  • [S1805] "2nd Regiment Prince Edward Militia, 1822", Ontario Register Vol.2 (1969). Hereinafter cited as "2nd Regt. Prince Edward Militia, 1822."
  • [S2010] George D.A. Combes, "Marriages Performed by Justice William Mott, of the Town of Hempstead, Long Island, N.Y., 1793-1827", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record vol.55 (1924). Hereinafter cited as "Marr. by Justice W. Mott, NYGBR 55 (1924)."
  • [S2048] Howard S.F. Randolph, "Necrology of Members, 1931", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record vol.63 (1932). Hereinafter cited as "Necrology NYGBS 1931."
  • [S2118] "Noted Residents of Enfield, Tompkins County, NY."Taken from "History of Tioga, Chemung, Tompkins and Schuyler Counties, New York," pub. 1879, pp.497-498.. Online http://www.nytompki.org/tnfld01.htm.. Hereinafter cited as Noted Residents of Enfield, Tompkins County, NY.
  • [S2164] Anonymous, A Roster of Revolutionary Ancestors of the Indiana Daughters of the American Revolution (Evansville, Ind.: Unigraphic, 1976). Hereinafter cited as Roster of Revolutionary Ancestors of the Indiana Daughters of the American Revolution.
  • [S2185] William Brower entry, Death Cert. of William A.C. Brower, Susan Brower, New Jersey. Hereinafter cited as Brower, William A.C., Death Cert.
  • [S2186] "Minnesota Legislative Reference Library." Online http://www.leg.state.mn.us/legdb/fulldetail.asp?ID=11436.. Hereinafter cited as Minn. Leg. Ref. Library.
  • [S2472] Tunis Brower, Letter of Administration for the Estate of Tunis Brower, Columbia Co., NY Box 5, BB-363 (WIL), William B. Bogardus Collection, Anneke Jans and Everardus Bogardus Descendants Association, Wilmington, Ohio. Pages 249-250. Copy of document. The original location of the document is not given but it is pressumed to be with the Columbia County, New York Surrogate's Court.. Hereinafter cited as Estate of Tunis Brower.
  • [S2510] Raleigh Travers Green, Genealogical and Historical Notes on Culpepper County, Virginia (Baltimore: Regional Pub. Co., 1900). Hereinafter cited as Genealogical and Historical Notes on Culpepper County, Virginia.
  • [S2522] Anonymous, Virginia Colonial Militia, 1651-1776 (Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954). Hereinafter cited as Virginia Colonial Militia, 1651-1776.
  • [S2526] Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Greene County) Wills v. A-G, 1786-1877; FHL film #158291 (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957), Microfilm of originals at the Greene County courthouse, Greensboro, Georgia.. Hereinafter cited as Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Greene County) Wills v. A-G, 1786-1877.
  • [S2551] Ancestry.com,"U.S. City Directories", online www.ancestry.com. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. City Directories.
  • [S2554] "Thompson and Fowler's Second Annual Directory of the City of Yonkers, For the Year 1886-1887", online www.ancestry.com. Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories database.. Hereinafter cited as Thompson & Fowlers Yonkers City Dir. 1886-7.
  • [S2556] Stuart Camp Brush and Russell Bunce Brush, Descendants of Thomas and Richard Brush of Huntington, Long Island: A Source Book (Original from the University of Wisconsin - Madison: Gateway Press, 1982). Hereinafter cited as Descendants of Thomas and Richard Brush of Huntington, Long Island: A Source Book.
  • [S2559] Conklin Mann, "Thomas and Richard Brush of Huntington, Long Island", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Vol. 67 (1936). Hereinafter cited as "Brush, NYGBR 67 (1936)."
  • [S2561] Obituaries, New York Times, New York, 25 Mar 1906, online archives, retrieved March 2009. Hereinafter cited as The New York Times.
  • [S2580] John A. Rawlins and M.Y. Johnson, Portrait and Biographical Album of Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois (Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1889). Hereinafter cited as Portrait and Biographical Album of Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois.
  • [S2592] Estella Mae Clem Himmelright, The Descendants of Johann and Susannah Klemm (Clem) and Allied Starr and Robertson Families (Danville, Ill.: Genealogical Records Committee, Gov. Bradford Chapter, DAR, 1957). Hereinafter cited as Descendants of Johann and Susannah Klemm (Clem) and Allied Starr and Robertson Families.
  • [S2729] Henry Hobart Vail, Genealogy of Some of the Vail Family Descended From Jeremiah Vail at Salem, Mass., 1639 (New York: DeVinne Press, 1902). Hereinafter cited as Vail Family Descended From Jeremiah Vail at Salem, Mass., 1639.
  • [S2746] Henry Collins Brown, editor, Valentine's Manual of Old New York, Vol. 3, New Series (New York: Valentines Manual Inc., 1919). Hereinafter cited as Valentine's Manual of Old New York, Vol. 3, New Series.
  • [S2789] Charles Henry Hart, Browere's Life Masks of Great Americans (n.p.: Doubleday and McClure, 1899). Hereinafter cited as Browere's Life Masks of Great Americans.
  • [S2802] John Ewell Wilson, An Index of Administrations of Queens County, New York, 1787-1908; FHL film #0017875 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1940), Manuscript on film. Hereinafter cited as Index of Administrations, Queens Co., NY 1787-1908.
  • [S2803] John Ewell Wilson, An Index to the Wills of Queens County, New York, 1787-1906; FHL film #0017875 item 1 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1940), Manuscript on film. Hereinafter cited as Index to the Wills of Queens Co., NY 1787-1906.
  • [S2820] Aaron Goodwin, "Marriages Recorded at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, New York City, 1814-1850", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Vol. 140 (2009). Hereinafter cited as "St. Stephen's Episc. Ch. Marr., NYGBR 140 (2009)."
  • [S2833] New York Surrogate's Court (Queens County), Letters of Administration v. Q-S, Dec. 1882 - Oct. 1889; FHL film #1787799 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1973, 1991), Microfilm of original records in the Queens County Courthouse. Hereinafter cited as Queens Co., NY Adm. v. Q-S.
  • [S2863] Samuel Treadwell Brower, Certificate of Death no.42791 (25 Oct 1897), State of New York, Dept. of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Albany, New York. Hereinafter cited as Samuel Treadwell Brower Death Cert.
  • [S2899] Henry F. Waters, "More Passengers to New England, 1679", New England Historical and Genealogical Register Vol. 28 (1874). Hereinafter cited as "More Passengers to New England, 1679, NEHGR 28 (1874)."
  • [S2903] William Brower, Certificate of Death no. 02945 (3 Mar 1884), State of New York, Dept. of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Albany, New York. Hereinafter cited as William Brower, Death Cert.
  • [S2943] Francis Bazley Lee Genealogical and Personal Memorial of Mercer County, New Jersey, Vol. 2 (n.p.: Lewis Publishing Co., 1907). Hereinafter cited as Mercer Co. NJ Gen & Per Mem.
  • [S2944] New Jersey Supreme Court Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Supreme Court and, at law, in the Court of Errors and Appeals of the State of New Jersey, Vol. 4 (n.p.: Soney and Sage, 1875). Hereinafter cited as NJ Supreme Ct., Court of Errors & Appeals.
  • [S2947] Anonymous, Burlington County Inventory and Survey of Historic, Architectural and Cultural Resources (Mt. Holly, N.J.: Burlington County Cultural and Heritage Commission, 1975). Hereinafter cited as Burlington Co. NJ Inv of Hist Res.
  • [S3037] Chester Collection of Unpublished Genealogy Related Material and Correspondence, Chris Chester, Kent, New York, TMG Source Folder, E-Folder no. 3037, John P. Brower - Ida Van Iderstine, 2010.
  • [S3066] Henry B. Hoff, "A Johnson/Jansen Family of Brooklyn and New York", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Vol. 111 (1980). Hereinafter cited as "Johnson/Jansen."
  • [S3091] Sports Reference LLC,"Baseball Reference.com", online www.baseball-reference.com. . Hereinafter cited as Baseball Reference.com.
  • [S3381] Trinity Church Plots, Typescript, Brower and Related Burials compiled by Peggee Nelson, 2003. Trinity St. John's Episcopal Church Cemetery, Hewlett, Nassau Co., New York. Digital copies received from Dorothy Brower Landfare, September, 2010., TMG 3381, Chris Chester, Kent, New York.
  • [S3431] Thomas G. Evans, "The Bruyn Family of Ulster County, N. Y.", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Vol. 20, page 26 (1889). Hereinafter cited as "Bruyn Family of Ulster Co., N. Y."
  • [S3547] Edgar Alan Nutt, "George Colville Smith Family Group Sheet", 2008 (unknown compiler address). Digital copy received from E. A. Nutt.. Hereinafter cited as "George Colville Smith."
  • [S3867] William B. Bogardus Collection of Brouwer, Brower and Brewer Family Material and Correspondence, William B. Bogardus Collection, Anneke Jans and Everardus Bogardus Descendants Association, Wilmington, Ohio, Box 5, BIB DD-254, Sowle Family Record. From Genealogical Records, Bible, notes and other unpublished data, compiled by Mrs. John R. Kaley, Chairman New York State Genealogical Research Committee and Mrs. Harry C. Harrie, member Mahwenawasigh Chapter D.A.R., Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
    Sowle Family. Holy Bible published by Judd, Loomis & Co., 1836, Hartford, Ct., in possession of Mrs. Nelson E. Dutcher, Gloversville, N.Y. . Hereafter cited as William B. Bogardus Collection.
  • [S4030] Lucy D. Akerly, "A Brief Accounto of the Family of Lieutenant Richard Browne of Southold, on the Island of Nassau, or Long Island, N. Y.", New York Genealogical and Biographical Record Vol. 31, page 65 (1900). Hereinafter cited as "Family of Lt. Richard Browne."
  • [S4161] Walter LeRoy Brown, Ancestors of Florence Julia Brown (Albion, N. Y.: Eddy Print Co., 1940). Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Florence Julia Brown.
  • [S4309] Kate Fleming, The Churchills (New York: Viking Press, 1975). Hereinafter cited as The Churchills.
  • [S4459] Raymond Martin,"Ardena Baptist Church Cemetery", online www.usgarchives.org/nj/monmouth/cemetery/ardenabap.txt. USGenWeb Archives, 2011.. Hereinafter cited as Ardena Baptist Church Cemetery.
  • [S4461] Mike Wolcott,"Obits: 1879-1892; Obit Index from the Red Bank Register, Monmouth Co., NJ."USGenWeb Archives. Online www.usgwarchives.org/nj/monmouth/obits/rbrndx01.txt.. Hereinafter cited as Obits from the Red Bank Register.
  • [S4531] "Iowa Births and Christenings, 1830-1950", online www.familysearch.org. . Hereinafter cited as Iowa Births and Christenings 1830-1950.
  • [S4612] New York Surrogate's Court (Albany County), Record of Wills recorded at Albany, New York, Wills AA-AB, 1629-1802; FHL film #0481436 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1967), Microfilm of original records at the Queens College Library in Flushing, New York. Hereinafter cited as Albany Wills AA-AB 1629-1802.
  • [S4615] "New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952", online www.familysearch.org. . Hereinafter cited as New York Deaths and Burials, 1795-1952.
  • [S4774] Letter from The Green-Wood Cemetery (Brooklyn, New York) to Chris Chester, April 23, 2012; Chris Chester (Kent, New York). Notarized copy of burial record: Samuel C. Brower interred in Lot 14371 Section 170 on November 3, 1888.
  • [S4805] New York. Surrogate's Court (Kings County), Wills, v. 70-71, 1877-1878; FHL film #0877139 (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1971), Microfilm of original records in the Kings County Courthouse, Brooklyn, New York. Hereinafter cited as Kings Co. Wills v. 70-71, 1877-1878.
  • [S4900] "California Marriages, 1850-1945", online www.familysearch.org. . Hereinafter cited as California Marriages, 1850-1945.
  • [S4903] "California Voter Registrations, 1900-1968."Provo, UT, 2008. Original data: State of California, Great Register of Voters. Online www.ancestry.com.. Hereinafter cited as California Voter Registrations 1900-1968.
  • [S5000] Jefferson Brower, Probate File 74-15961, California Superior Court, Santa Clara Co., California, FHL film #1479982. Probate records, file nos. 74-15958 - 74-15965B. Hereinafter cited as Jefferson Brower Probate File.
  • [S5057] Reginald Brower, April 9, 1940 1940 United States Federal Census, Washington, D.C., page 4A, ED 63-180B, line 15, National Archives and Records Administration Ser. T627, Roll 1804.
  • [S5091] Sarah Brower Photograph of gravestone, Colts Neck Reformed Church Cemetery, Colts Neck, Monmouth Co., New Jersey; Hank Graham, December 9, 2012 (e-mail).
  • [S5100] Thelma Irene (Chrysler) Foy and Bernice (Chrysler) Garbisch, Chrysler-Forker and Allied Families; A Genealogical Study with Biographical Notes (New York: The American Historical Company, Inc., 1959). Hereinafter cited as Chrysler-Forker.
  • [S5164] Susan Crook,"Crook/Quigg Family Tree." Online www.ancestry.com.. Hereinafter cited as Crook/Quigg Family Tree.
  • [S5173] Ancestry.com,"Michigan Death Records, 1897-1920." Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2010. Original data: Michigan Death Records, 1897-1920. Microfilm publication, 302 rolls. Library of Michigan. Lansing, Michigan. http://seekingmichigan.org. Online www.ancestry.com.. Hereinafter cited as Michigan Death Recs 1897-1920.
  • [S5254] Asa W. Brown, "Early Settlers of Salisbury, Mass., Arranged into Families", New England Historical and Genealogical Register Vols. 7, 8 (1853, 1854). Hereinafter cited as "Early Settlers of Salisbury."
  • [S5268] Unknown author, "Notes (Brown)", The Essex Antiquarian Vol. 13 (1909). Hereinafter cited as "Notes (Brown)."
  • [S5273] J. Howard Morse, Morse Genealogy: Comprising the Descendants of Samuel, Anthony, William and Joseph Morse, and John Moss: Being a Revision of the Memorial of the Morses Published by Rev. Abner Morse in 1850 (New York: Author, 1903). Hereinafter cited as Morse Genealogy.
  • [S5310] Chris Chester,"Henry Brewer of Adams Co., Ohio." Created April-May 2013. Online http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/55199855/family.. Hereinafter cited as Henry Brewer of Adams Co., Ohio.
  • [S5320] Descendanats of Mary Brower, Descendant Chart. Compiled by Sam Brower, 20 May 2013 Omaha, Nebraska.
  • [S5384] Ancestry.com, California, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1882-1957 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, unknown publish date).
  • [S5385] NARA,"New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957." Ancestry.com. New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Online www.ancestry.com.. Hereinafter cited as NY Passenger Lists 1820-1857.
  • [S5386] Ancestry.com, Honolulu, Hawaii, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1900-1959 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., unknown publish date).
  • [S5387] National Cemetery Administration, U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, unknown publish date).
  • [S5388] Ancestry.com, Web: Oregon, Find A Grave Index, 1818-2012 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., unknown publish date).
  • [S5389] Ancestry.com, South Dakota Births, 1856-1903 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, unknown publish date).
  • [S5390] Ancestry.com, U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928-1962 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., unknown publish date).
  • [S5391] Ancestry.com, Oregon, Death Index, 1898-2008 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, unknown publish date).
  • [S5403] Ancestry.com, Oregon, Marriage Indexes, 1906-1924, 1946-2008 (n.p.: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc, unknown publish date).
  • [S5411] Unknown author, "Nehemiah Brower - Locust Builder", Newsletter of the Middletown Township Historical Society Vol. V, No. 3 (June 1989). Hereinafter cited as "Nehemiah Brower - Locust Builder."
  • [S5436] Ancestry.com,"Pennsylvania Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952."[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Online www.ancestry.com.. Hereinafter cited as Pennsylvania Land Warrants and Applications.
  • [S5477] William B. Bogardus Collection of Brouwer, Brower and Brewer Family Material and Correspondence, Anneke Jans and Everardus Bogardus Descendants Association, Wilmington, Ohio, Box 5, CEM MM-56, Monmouth County Gravestones. Bethesda Methodist Church Cemetery, Adelphia. Citing Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, vol. 21, no. 4 (Oct 1946), p. 89; vol. 22, no. 1 (Jan 1947), p. 19; vol. 23, no. 1 (Jan 1948), p. 18; vol. 23, no. 4 (Oct 1948), p. 89. . Hereafter cited as William B. Bogardus Collection.
  • [S5505] "Netherlands, Marriages, 1565-1892, Index." Online www.familysearch.org.. Hereinafter cited as Netherlands Marriages 1565-1892.
  • [S5581] Petition of Tylee Brewer, January 1820 session, Monmouth County Court of Common Pleas, Freehold, New Jersey. Hereinafter cited as Petition of Tylee Brewer. Https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B8P8SDh4F1WuQjlSekVaM1prUE0/edit?usp=drive_web.
  • [S5585] Married, New York Daily Tribune, New York City, August 26, 1861. Hereinafter cited as New York Daily Tribune.
  • [S5587] National Archives and Records Administration,"U.S. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934."[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. T288, 546 rolls.. Online http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx.. Hereinafter cited as U.S. Civil War Pension Index.
  • [S5588] Robert D. Brower, New York Tribune, Maplewood, N. J., January 8, 1914. Hereinafter cited as New York Tribune.
  • [S5605] Ancestry.com,"Alabama, Deaths and Burials Index, 1881-1974." [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: "Alabama Deaths and Burials, 18811952." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009, 2010. Index entries derived from digital copies of original and compiled records. Online www.ancestry.com.. Hereinafter cited as Alabama Deaths & Burials Index 1881-1974.
  • [S5606] Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine and Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Pennsylvania Vital Records, 1700s-1800s., CD-ROM (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co.), Voll. III Marriages by Rev. Thomas J. Kitts Pastor Canon Baptist Church Salem County New Jersey. Hereinafter cited as Penn VR 1700s-1800s.
  • [S5642] Wilson V. Ledley, Van Sise Family, The First Five Generations (New York: Wilson V. Ledley, November 1959). Typescript. Available online through Heritage Quest. Hereinafter cited as Van Sise Family.
  • [S5643] Liz Johnson, Joost Carelsz and Styntje Jans Marriage record in "Joseph Vansise or Van Syse", listserve message to RootsWeb: Dutch-Colonies, December 2, 2013. Printout dated December 4, 2013. Hereinafter cited as Joseph Vansise or Van Syse.