AMERICA THE GREAT MELTING POT
Contact information on HOME page
||see FAMILY TREE
|Married: before 22 May 1722
||John White and Sarah his wife are selling land in
Shrewsbury, Monmouth, NJ on May 22, 1722
(Deed BK G pg. 87 Monmouth Co.,
|Died: Bef 24/Oct/1759 Frederick Co., MD
1st Sarah Leonard
|2nd Martha Jones
||Martha Jones was the widow of John Stull. After her
second husband, John White, died, she married again to Hugh Torrence.
In 1772 Martha Torrence was "of Cumberland Co. PA"
|1772 Frederick Co., MD Deed BK P pg 410
CHILDREN with Sarah Leonard
1. John White
2. Abigail White
3. Peter White
4. Sarah White
5. Leonard White
6. Catharine White
7. James White
8. Ruth White b. 28/Feb/1738-39
According to the writings of John Geary, John White was one of four children.
His brothers, Peter and William remained bachelors and his sister, Abigail,
married Edmund Bainbridge. (1)
On Jan 30, 1718/9 John White is one of the witnesses to the will of James
Hubbard, of Middletown, Monmouth, NJ. (Lib. A. p. 284) This may be our John White.
However, the first time we are sure it is our John White is in 1722. At that time
he and his wife Sarah are selling land Sarah had inherited from her parents,
Thomas Leonard and Hester. He is listed as "late of Wentipenkneck in
Shrewsbury. John White obviously had married Sarah Leonard sometime before
May 22, 1722 and he signs that deed as John White, Capt. He has moved from
Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., to Middlesex Co. NJ. (2)
It is possible that he and maybe one or two of his brothers had gone to
Monmouth County to work in the iron ore business with the Leonards. Since
he signed the deed in 1722 as Captain John White, possibly John was involved in
the transporting of the iron ore. However, this is all speculation.
What we do know is that in 1722 he was back in Middlesex County. And, in
1725 when a neighbor's land was being surveyed, the surveyor referred to markers
showing the boundaries of the cleared land of Peter White and John White. (3)
(4) These markers are only a quarter mile from each other.
Most likely their lands were originally part of one large tract. Peter
White was his father. John and Sarah probably had moved back to his
father's land and his father had given him a part to farm and live on.
John was in partnership with Sarah's cousin, John
Leonard, in a saw mill located at Spotswood. In 1727 John Leonard was shot
by an Indian chief named Weequehela for having cheated him out of his
lands. In less than a week at a special court held in Perth Amboy,
Weequehela was found guilty in one day, and sentenced to death one week later.
Margaret, the widow of John Leonard, remarried to John Johnston, a blacksmith of South River.
Margaret was the executrix of her late husband's estate and in 1731 the Estate
of John Leonard sold back one-half share of the saw mill to John White.
Then on April 21, 1731 John White transferred the whole property to John
Johnston and Andrew Johnston. From this point on, it becomes known as
Johnston's Mills. (5)
On April 9th of the same year, 1731 John paid 500 pounds for some land in the
same area from Samuel Leonard. (6) When this same land is sold in 1735 it
is listed as being near Edmund Bainbridge and there is also a mention of land in
the tract with the "former" timber rights of Peter White, Junr. So,
it seems likely that in 1731 both John White and Peter White, Jr. were in South
Referencing the map of Raritan Lots of 1685 as shown at right, Peter
and John White's location in 1725 was on
a plot south of the Raritan River along Lawrence Brook and on
George's Road. In 1731 John White and Peter White, Junr.
were living on land where the Manalapan River vents into South River.
Raritan Lots Map of 1685
There are several notations of a John White in the Middlesex County Minute
Bks. of the Court of Common Pleas and Court of General Quarter Sessions.
However, there was another John White also in Middlesex County at this time.
This other John White was the grandson of one of the original Proprietors, John
White. He lived in Perth Amboy. He died intestate in 1739. The
court cases found in the minutes are: John Browne vs John White in 1730.
Lewis Moore vs John White for debt also in 1730. John White vs George Webb
for debt. There was also a John White who was Justice of the Peace from
1730 to 1735. John White and Gabriel Stelle received a bond from Daniel
Lawrence for 50 pounds in 1735 and a John White hired Philip Kearny as his
attorney in 1735 in a suit against Edward Pierce. All of these
could refer to either John White.
However, the John White being sued by Edmond Bainbridge in 1734 is definitely
our John White. John White of South River was being sued by Edmond
Bainbridge to answer unto Edmond Bainbridge of a plea of trespass for 108
pounds, 8 shillings, 8 pence of debt and was summoned to court on March 26, 1735 (7) . It is also interesting to note that John White had
received a bond for thirty three pounds from Daniel White, who we presume to be
his brother, in January 1734/5
(8) Also, In May of 1734 John White and Sarah his wife sold
part of their land to James Hude. (9)
John White and Sarah had been living in South River near Edmund Bainbridge
and Peter White, Jr. Another name mentioned in the land records has having
land bounding their property is a John Jolly. This leads me to think that
the New Jersey Supreme Court Case of 1739 of John Jolly vs. John White, Esq. of
the city of Perth Amboy, for
trespassing pertains to our John White. John White was being accused of trespass
and of cutting down trees on the land of John Jolly (10)
John White seems to have sold his land in 1739. I cannot find the deed.
But there is a reference to this transaction. In the abstracts by Richard
S. Hutchinson for East NJ Land Records, D3, E3, and F3 on pg. 79 Jonathan Combs
is selling land that was "conveyed to sd. Jonathan Combs from John White by deed
dated 3 May 1739 and the other half from James Hude." Then in again in the
abstract for BKs I2 and K2 in 1743, pg. 39, the land of Christopher
Gildermmester, dec'd, is being described a running along "John White's
cleared land." After 1743 there are no more references to any of the John
On 18 Feb. 1749/50 Capt. John White was granted a warrant for 573 acres on the
Potomac River in Frederick County, Maryland, adjoining Jeremiah Jack.
Later references describe his land as being on the left side of the Wagon Road
about 1 1/2 or 2 miles from Watkins' Ferry in Frederick County (now Berkeley
County, West) Virginia. (11)
His land bordered that of James Watkins whose land was 2 miles from Watkins
Ferry. Watkins Ferry is in Williamsport, MD On the map below,
John White's land was probably very close to #7. See map below
A widower, in about 1750 he married Martha, widow of John Stull (died 1749)
of Stull's Mill, Frederick County, Md.. and brother of Daniel Stull, whose
estate inventory they filed 26 July 1751. On 20 Aug. 1749 Thomas Cresap sent from
Frederick Town to Annapolis a List of Military Commissions for the Maryland
Militia Western Division, including the commission of Captain John White.
(13) His undated muster roll
for 6 days service included his sons Ensign Peter White, Sergeant Leonard White,
and Corporal John Stull. (14)
At the Frederick County, Md., November 1754 Court, three men were indicted
for stealing beehives from John White.
On July 13 1757, the Frederick County, MD court ordered ten men to each pay 100 pounds
of tobacco to John White "for the use of his Company agreeable to an Act Entitled
an Act for the ordering and regulating the Militia of this Province for the
better defence and security thereof." (15)
John White wrote his will 4 Sept. 1755 and it was probated 24
Oct. 1759. (16)
(1) Ancestors of KY Vol 5 pg 82-86
In the year 1846, the Rev. Edward Ratchford Geary wrote as follows: Some account
of my ancestry as obtained this evening from my Mother, Margaret White Geary.
However, it should be noted that some of these recollections have turned out to
be in error.
"John, William, Peter and Abigail White constituted the family of my mother's
great grandfather whose name is not recollected. Their residence was Shrewsbury,
New Jersey. William and Peter never married. Abigail married Peter Bainbridge
and was the mother of John, Edmond, Peter and Absolom Bainbridge. Absolom
Bainbridge married a Miss Phillips and was the father of William Bainbridge,
afterwards Commodore Bainbridge. (Note: Comm. William Bainbridge was the Captain
of the ship "Philadelphia", and was a central character in the War of the
Excerpts from writings of Jack Geary:
"The parents of Peter White, our great great grandfather, were John White and
Sarah Leonard; both of whom were English. John White was a resident of
Shrewsberry, N.J. prior to the Revolution. He was born in England, tracing his
ancestry through a long and respectable lineage. Sarah Leonard was an
accomplished beautiful and remarkable active woman, born in the province of New
Jersey. She was celebrated as a graceful and skillful rider, also as a devoted
church woman. She is said to have inherited a fortune. The family estate was
called Shrewsbury and is so known on the records of New Jersey. John White, Jr.
a son, was sent to England to recover a large estate accumulated by his uncle,
William White, at the Cape of Good Hope, who died a bachelor and intestate.
The estate was large but was lost to the American Heirs through the
mismanagement of the said John White, Jr., who spent quite large sums in
dissipation while in Europe. The result of this was embarrassment of home and
the removal of the family to Maryland where the mother Sarah Leonard White died
shortly afterward. Of the union of John White and Sarah Leonard there was issue
five sons and four daughters; John, Peter, Leonard, Thomas and James.
Abigail, Catherine, Sarah and Ruth.
|(2) Deed BK G pg 87-88 Monmouth Co., NJ
Indenture "Between John White and Sarah his wife late of
Wentipenk Neck in Shrewsbury in the County of Monmouth - and John
Throckmorton and Samuel Dennis Junr of Shrewsbury. - John White and
Sarah his wife heirs of Thomas Leonard dec'd - bounded west by s'd
Thomas Leonard's father's land and his brother Henry's east by land of
his own." signed by "John White Capt."
Deed BK G pg 87
Monmouth Co., NJ
Deed BK g pg 88
Monmouth Co., NJ
|Deed BK G pg 89-91 Monmouth Co., NJ
Indenture between John White and Sarah his wife late of the Town of
Shrewsbury and County of Monmouth and Samuel Dennis Junr & John
Throckmorton. - John White and Sarah his wife do lay claim to a certain
tract of land heretofore bought of John Johnston Esqr by Hester Leonard
mother of Sarah White.
Deed BK G pg 89
Monmouth Co., NJ
Deed BK G pg 90
Monmouth Co., NJ
Deed BK G pg 91
Monmouth Co., NJ
(3) Extract of New Jersey Land Records C2 D2 by Richard S.
D2 "pg 193 May 1726. James Alexander, Surveyor General
sendeth greetings. WHEREAS, by a Lease & Release, dated 3 & 4 Aug 1724,
betw. Peter Sonmans of one part and Christopher Gildermeester, of London, sold
to sd. Christopher 2,000 a. in Middlesex co., East NJ. And, by his power of
attorney, sd. Thomas Hopkins did obtain an Order & Warrant from the Government
to direct me to survey run and ascertain the meters and bounds of the 2,000 a.
dated 26 May 1725. Now, by virtue of the several writings by Thomas
Hopkins, I and my deputy Alexander Macdowall proceeded to the location of the
2,000 a. pursuant to his notice given to Peter Sonmans and located, butted and
bounded the same (Page 194 is a full detailed map of the area and the adjoining
lands, roads, etc. with names of land owners.) as follows. beg. on the 3rd line
of the large tr. of 15,600 a. and then numerous courses (wherein the following
names are mentioned -- Keyser & Osterland, John
White's & Peter White's cleared land). Signed Ja Alexander. I,
Christopher Gildermeester by the sd. Thomas Hopkins, my attorney, do hereby
declare that I have accepted the locating and bounding of the sd. 2,000 a. Wits:
James Gilchrist, John Revell. Signed Christopher Gildermeester by Thomas
Hopkins, his attorney. Ackn; 30 May 1726. Thomas Hopkins apprd bef
James Alexander, Majesty's Council, and acknowledged that he signed the above
instrument as the land deed for sd. Christopher Gildermeester."
|(4) East Jersey deed BK D-2 pg 194
The "stake" is on the boundary of John White. The "green birch" is
the boundary for the land of Peter White's cleared land. The two markers
are a quarter of a mile apart. In later documents it become apparent
their lands were once part of the same tract.
page 194 of East Jersey Deed BK D2 showing survey
|(5) Deed BK E2 pg 350-357 Middlesex Co., NJ
Abstracts by Richard S. Hutchinson
see maps and more
|pg.350 Whereas, John White of sd county, yeoman, for 100 pounds did
sell unto the sd. John Leonard in his lifetime, one equal half part of
that saw mill wch. is now located on my land on Manalapan river with one
equal half part or moiety of all the land whereon the sd. mill stands
and the land whereon the Dam is made, together with quantity adjacent
unto the sd. Saw Mill or a house for the work men to live in and for to
lay logs or boards on containing in the whole 2(?) a. with (all the
tools, etc. associated with the equal moiety saw mill). And,
whereas, the afsd. John Leonard died intestate and at his death was
indebted to several persons in several great sums and he left no
personal estate to pay his debts and to support the Charge and carry on
the business of the saw mills. And, whereas the just debts of John
Leonard cannot be discharged w/o. repaying the 100 pounds to John White
or selling the sd. moiety of the sd. saw mills to pay his debts.
NOW by this Indenture, John Johnston of South River, Middlesex Co., NJ
and Margaret, his wife, late widow and Administrator of John Leonard,
late of the sd. County, dec'd, for the intent and purpose that the debts
of John Leonard may be paid by the sale of the sd. moiety of the sd. saw
mills and premises, have released unto John White all the right and
title of the sd. John Johnston and Margaret, his wife, late widow and
Administrator of John Leonard, dec'd, or claim in Right of dower unto
the moiety of the above saw mills and premises. Provided ALWAYS it
is hereby declared to be the true intent and meaning of these Presents
that the sd. John White shall by and with the advise and consent of
Samuel Leonard, brother of the sd. John Leonard, dec'd forthwith sell
the sd. moiety of the sd. saw mills and other sd. premises. Wits.:
John Watson, John Fawcett. Signed Margaret Johnston, John
Johnston. Ackn. 22 Apr. 1734, John Watson apprd. bef. John
Hamilton Esqr., Majesty's Council.
|pg. 351 5 Apr 1731. To Mr. Samuel Leonard.
Forasmuch as the Estate in Law in the moiety of the Saw Mills and Lands
with the appurtenances mentioned wch. my late husband, John Leonard,
bot. of John White, does still remain in the sd. John White possession,
the same not being actually conveyed to my sd. late husband in his
lifetime and I having agreed as by the within instrument, you may
perceive to have the sd. moiety of the mills and other premises
sold for the payment of my late husband's just debts, with your
approbation and consent, I do therefore request you will use your
endeavor to get same sold as soon as may be for the best price can be
got and the money secured for the payment of the just debts of my late
husband, John Leonard. Your friend and sister. (sister-in-law).
Wits.: John Watson, John Fawcett. Signed: Margaret Johnston.
||pg. 352. 21 Apr 1731. I do hereby
certify that the within mentioned moiety of the Saw Mill's land and
appurtenances were by my consent sold by John White at Public Vendue to
John Johnston and Andrew Johnston, Gent, who were the highest bidders.
Wits.: John Watson, John Fawcett. Signed.: Samll. Leonard.
Ackn.: 22 Apr 1731, John Watson apprd. bef. John Hamilton, Majesty's
pg. 352 21 Apr 1731. John White, of Middlesex Co.,
NJ, yeoman, in consideration of the full sum of 100 pounds & (?) paid by
John Johnston and Andrew Johnston, of the same place, do hereby
acknowledge myself fully paid and thereby release and sold unto them
that one equal half part of moiety of all that Saw Mill wch. is now
located on my land on Manalapan River with one equal half part or moiety
of all the land whereon the sd. mill stands and the land whereon the Dam
is made, together with quantity adjacent unto the sd. Saw Mill or a
house for the work men to live in and for to lay logs or boards on
containing in the whole (?) acres; with half of all the appurtenances;
i.e. saws, gates, ways and all other irons, running gear and tools unto
the sd. mill. Wits.: John Watson, John Fawcett. Signed: John
White. Ackn.: 22 Apr 1731, John Watson apprd. bef. John Hamilton,
|pg. 353. 4 Sep 1731. I, John White, of Middlesex Co., NJ,
yeoman, sell to John Johnston and Andrew Johnston, both of Perth Amboy,
merchants, for 160 pounds, all that tr. of land in Middlesex Co., where
South River parts into two and then up the Manalapan River to a road
that leads to Conhausse (?) Bridge at the foot of the burnt meadow, then
along sd. road to a place where the road that leads from the Saw Mill to
Conhausse Bridge and then to beg., bnd. n. by Manalapan River, w. by
unsurveyed land, s. & e. by John White. AND, also the other half
part or moiety of all that Saw Mill erected on the sd. lands with the
Dam and also the other moiety of the saw, gates, tools, etc. belonging
to the sd. mill. The other moiety of the sd. Saw Mill having been
already conveyed by me to sd. John and Andrew Johnston by my deed, dated
21 Apr 1731. Wit.: John Watson, Andrew Hay, Lawr. Smyth.
Signed: John White. Ackn.: 16 Apr 1739, Lawrence Smyth apprd. bef.
Fenwick Lyell, Esqr., Majesty's Council.
|(6) East Jersey
Deed BK K pg 295-296
||Abstract of Deed by Richard S.
pg 295. 9 Apr 1731. Samuel Leonard,
and Ann, his wife, of Perth Amboy, Middlesex co., East
NJ, sell to John White, of the afsd. place, for 500
pounds, for a tr. of land and meadow, within Perth
Amboy, beg. where South River parts into two and up the
stream called Manalapan River to Matchaponix River, then
down same till it comes to the mouth of Deep Gully of
Water, wch, drains out of the n. side of the Great
Meadows, the mouth of wch, gully in the corner of land
wch. Charles Jolly, dec'd, bot. of Samuel Leonard, and
now in possession of John Jolly, then several courses to
the outside of sd. Leonard's land, then n. to land of
Thomas Warne, and then to the South River, then up same
to beg. ALSO, two-hundred parts of an undivided
twenty-fourth part of unsurveyed lands in East NJ; wch.
land was conveyed to sd. Leonard by his bro., Henry
Leonard, by deed, dated 24 Jan 1712. Wits.: Sarah
Leonard, John Fawcet. Signed: Samuel Leonard, Anne
Leonard. Ackn: 14 April 1731, John Fawcet apprd.
bef. John Hamilton, Esq., Majesty's Council.
pg 1 of deed
top half of pg 2
lower half of pg 2
DEED BK K pg 295-296
|(7) NJ Supreme Court Case #5613
Edmond Bainbridge vs John White
John White of South River in Middlesex Co., NJ to answer unto
Edmond Bainbridge of a plea of trespass for 108 pounds , 8 shillings, 8 pence of
NJ Supreme Court Case #5613
|(8) Bond given from John White to Daniel White Dated this
Thirtieth Day of January anno Domini 1773/4 Same Contains Thirty Three
|bond found in estate of Daniel White
|(9) East New Jersey Land Records E2-F2
pg. 537 1
|Abstract by Richard S. Hutchinson
1734. John White & Sarah, his wife, of Perth Amboy, Middlesex Co.,
East NJ, sells to James Hude, of New Brunswick, Middlesex Co., NJ, for
105 pounds, for one equal half of a tr. of land and meadow in Perth
Amboy, beg. where the River parts into two and then in a line where the
road leading from the Sawmill parts into three and along the road that
leads to the Burnt Meadows, and to the side of the tr. being in line of
the tr. that John White sold to John Johnston, dec'd, and Andrew
Johnston, then to Manalapan River and then to Matchaponix River and down
the stream to the mouth of the gully of water that drowns the n. side of
the great meadow, now in possession of John Jolley, then several courses
to the outside of the sd. tr. then to Manthuas Bridge, then along the
road to cleared land by the house of Edmond Bainbridge then along the
road to Matchaponix Bridge and then to beg. This tr. being part of
a greater tr. bot by John White from Samuel Leonard by deed, dated 9 Apr
1731. To have the equal half to be divided unto James Hude (excep. the
sawable pine timber on ye part of this tr. & did form. belong to
Peter White, Junr. and timber swamp,
meadows only excepted out of the tr. afsd.) to the benefit of sd. James
Hude. Wits.: Adam Hay, John Moore. Signed John White, Sarah
White. Ackn 13 Aug 1734, John and Sarah White apprd. bef. John
Hamilton, Esqr., Majesty's Council, Examined. - Thos. Bartow, Sec.
pg 1 of deed upper half
lower half of pg 1
p2 2 of deed upper half
lower half of pg 2
Deed BKs E2 -F2 pg 537-538
|(10) New Jersey Supreme Court Case #20218
John Jolly vs John White for trespass and cutting down trees 1739
On 18 Feb. 1749/50 Capt. John White was granted a warrant for 573 acres on the
Potomac River in Frederick County, Maryland
Virginia Northern Neck Grants H. pg 82 573 acres
John White's land was approximately where the #7 is
His son Leonard White's land called
"White's Delight" which was part of "Old Fox Deceived" is at #231
Frederick County, Maryland
(13) [Maryland State Papers, No. 1, The Black Books, 4:180].
(14) [Murtie J.Clark. Colonial Soldiers of the South,
1732-1774 (Baltimore: Gen. Publ. Co., 1983), pp. 94-95.]
(15) (Inhabitants of Frederick County, Maryland: 1749-1800 by Stefanie
In the Name of God Amen I John White of Frederick County in the
Province of Maryland being of sound and perfect memory blessed be the Lord his
mercies but calling to mind the mortality of my Body I Do make ordain this my
Last Will & Testament in manner and form following. First I Bequeath my
Soul to God that gave & my Body to be Buried in Such manner at the Discretion of
my Extor hereafter named in hopes of a glorious Resurrection through the (?)
of our Lord Jesus Christ and as for worldly substance wherewith it hath pleased
God to bless me with I give and bequeath in manner and form following after my
debts and funeral charges be paid & Discharged Then I give to my true & loving
wife Martha her Choice of my Beds that is one of them & all my waring cloaths.
Item I give to my son Peter & Leonard White my gold Sleve buttons between them.
Item I give my son James White my silver neck buckle. Item I give my
Daughter Sarah Stull her mothers Silver Boakin. Item I give to my Daughter
Catharine White her mothers gold ring. her sister Abigail Debutt had the
other. Item I give to my Daughter Ruth her mothers Silver Claspe.
Item I give all my waring Cloaths to my Sons Peter Leonard & James White.
Item I give to my oldest son John White five shilling to be leved of my
Estate & Paid him on Demand by my Extor hereafter named. And it is
my will of pleasure that all my Estate real & personal that belongs of right to
me in Law & Equity as my Land in Frederick County in Virginia is also my Estate
in Frederick County in Maryland by marriage was Extor by my wife be all
appraised & sold by my Extor hereafter named & after my funeral charges & Just
Debts & Legacies Due from the Estate of John & Daniel Stull are discharged &
Paid then my wife Martha to have her equal third part of the whole Remainder of
my Estate and the other two thirds of the whole remainder of my Estate it is my
will that it be equally Divided between all my children VIZ John Peter Leonard
James Abigail Sarah Catharine and Ruth White and I Do nominate and appoint my
loving wife Martha White and my sons Peter and Leonard White Extors of this my
Last Will & Testament. In witness whereof I have set my hand and affixed my seal
this 4th day of September in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven hundred
Witnesses: Thomas Scarlett, John Mark, John Rutter
|Frederick Co., MD Will BK 30 page 776
|Frederick Co., MD Will BK 30 page 777
Modern day map
of where Peter and John White
were living in 1725 in New Jersey
Modern day map
of where John White and Peter White, Jr
were living in 1731 and 1734 in New Jersey