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The results from the Bricker Families DNA Project now potentially support the existence of at least ten genetically distinct lines with the name of Bricker or a similar variant such as Brickert and Brucker: that of Nicholas Bricker of York County, Pennsylvania; Peter Bricker of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; John Philip Bricker of Berks, County, Pennsylvania; Frederick Bricker of Berks County, Pennsylvania; John Bricker of Frederick County, Maryland; Jacob Bricker of Northampton County, Pennsylvania; Peter Bricker of Berks County, Pennsylvania and the related Jacob Bricker of Berks County, Pennsylvania; George Bricker of Coshocton County, Ohio; Henri Brucker or Bricker of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania; and William Bricker or Brickert, of Adams County, Pennsylvania. Click on thw white "Family Tree" icons within the colored boxes below, which show DNA results for various lines, to see how the participants of a given line who have submitted a pedigree to the Project are genetically related to one another.
Y-chromosome DNA results from the group of men participating in this Project make clear that eight of the ten Bricker lines have never shared a common ancestor with the last names of Bricker, Brücker, Brügger, or any other variation within the past 500 to 600 years, since the practice of using last names was first adopted by most people in Europe. On the other hand, two of the Bricker lines in America, those established by Jacob Bricker in Northampton County, Pennsylvania and John Bricker in Frederick County, Maryland, did in fact share a common ancestor in Europe with the last name of Brücker, Brügger, or something similar prior to their immigration to America.
To better help you understand what follows, you may want to review "What Your Y-Chromosome DNA Test Results May Tell You About Your Ancestry" before continuing on.
In 2005 what was originally the Bricker DNA Project expanded its scope to take in families with similar surnames who may be genetically related, surnames such as BRUEGGER, BRUCKER, BRUGGER, BRUECKER, BRIGGER, BRUCKERT, BROOKHART and BRICKERT. Those people having any of these surnames are cordially invited to consider this DNA Project as theirs as well.
|Nicholas Bricker (1732-1803) York Co., PA|
|Peter Bricker / Brügger (1700-1760) Lancaster Co., PA|
|Frederick Bricker (abt 1755 - 1804) Berks Co., PA|
|John Bricker (1725-1777) Frederick Co., MD|
|Jacob Bricker (?-1761) Northampton Co., PA|
|Peter Bricker (1700-1774) Berks Co., PA|
|Jacob Bricker (abt 1764-1823) Berks Co., PA|
|Philip Bricker (abt 1728-?) Berks Co., PA|
|Peter Brugger (1817-1903) Innertkirchen, Switz|
|George Bricker (1833-?) Coshocton Co., OH|
|William Brickert (1817 - ?) Adams Co., PA|
|Henri Brucker (1848-19 ), Alsace-Lorraine, France|
|George Bricker (1817-?) York Co., PA|
|Mathias Bricker (1729-1803) Dauphin Co., PA|
|Christian Bricker (18th century) Westmoreland Co., PA|
Of the participants in the DNA Project, eight are on paper as descending from the immigrant NICHOLAS BRICKER (1732-1803), who arrived in Philadelphia from Europe in 1749 aboard the ship "Isaac", have been shown through lab testing to share exact matches of their genetic signature or haplotype, the series of numbers or alleles for the 12 DNA markers tested. See box bordered in violet. Now with a 99.9% chance that the seven participants sharing the same haplotype have a common ancestor, their respective pedigrees are decisively confirmed. If it were possible to go back and test Nicholas' DNA itself, the probability he would have the very same haplotype as they do is extremely high. BR09, the eighth participant, has a 1-step mutation at the 385b marker along his Y-chromosome, a "16" rather than a "15" as the others do. This will no doubt prove to also be the case for anyone else in his particular branch of the family tree that were tested. Click on the link "FAMILY TREE". Also, see "Breaking through a Bricker Brickwall" about how one family participating in the Bricker DNA Project was finally able to confirm they were indeed descendents of Nicholas.
The PETER BRICKER (1700-1760) who settled in Cocalico, Lancaster County, PA arrived in Philadelphia from Europe in 1732 aboard the ship "Plaisance". The six Project participants from this Bricker line represent branches begun by four out of Peter's five sons. Both participants BR11 and BR35 descended from Peter Jr, Peter Sr's eldest son by his first wife Christina Gylgen. Their branch of the family left Pennsylvania for Waterloo, Canada in 1801. Their sixth cousins BR06 and BR07 are both descended from Peter Sr's next eldest son Christian, by his second wife Elizabeth, maiden name unknown. BR19 descends from Peter Sr's fourth son, John, whose descendents first left Lancaster County for nearby Cumberland County in the early 1800s, from which one branch travelled on a generation later to Clinton County, Indiana. BR35, descends from Peter Sr's fifth and youngest son David, and their branch of the family has continued living in Cumberland County for some two hundred years. The DNA test each of the participants took has thus confirmed with virtual certainly the direction that genealogical research and often family tradition had already been indicating: that all six do indeed descend from Peter Bricker Sr. See the box bordered in light blue. The surname of this line was originally ZURBRÜGG in Switzerland, then changed to BRÜGGER before finally settling on BRICKER in North America.
Two participants, BR17 and BR18, have genealogies and now DNA results which indicate that each descends from a brother, George Bricker and Daniel Bricker respectively, whose father was identified in May, 2005 as very likely having been FREDERICK BRICKER of the Oley Valley in Berks County, Pennsylvania (born in the 1750s-60s?). See the box bordered in brown. These two participants have been recently joined by a third, BR23, known to also have descended from George Bricker, through his son Jeremiah. The Brickers of the Oley Valley, who seemed to have first settled there in the 1740s, have only now been identified through a combination of DNA testing and genealogical research as coming from a distinctive Bricker line in its own right. Those from this family have spread to Cass County, Missouri, Fulton County, Illinois, Madison County, Indiana, and elsewhere, though the majority are still unaware of their roots in this line.
DNA results for participant BR21, whose Bricker ancestors settled in Madison County, Ohio via Allegany County, Maryland in the early 1800s, confirm genealogical research that shows him to be descended from immigrant JOHN (and Annemarie) BRICKER through their son Jacob. John and Annemarie lived in Frederick County, Maryland in the middle of the 1770s. BR21 is a first cousin, three time removed, of former Ohio governor and senator, and 1944 candidate for vice president, John W. Bricker, thus proving that John W. Bricker too descends from John and Annemarie. BR21 is the second person from this Bricker line to participate in the Bricker DNA Project; the first, BR04, is a descendent of another son of this couple, John Jr, who settled in Columbiana County, OH. See the box bordered in blue green; a comparison of the haplotypes of BR04 and BR21 show that they have a total mutational distance of only one, differing from one another at just the two related chromosomal markers, 389-i and 389-ii, which are highlighted in red. See chart at bottom of the webpage. Click on the icon "Family Tree" to see how these two branches of this family are genealogically connected. See, too, the relationship of this entire Bricker line with the line of Jacob Bricker of Northampton County, PA, discussed below. Finally, evidence exists indicating that the immigrant John Bricker arrived in America from the town of Flonheim in Germany.
Project participant BR22 is believed to descend from the immigrant JACOB BRICKER of Northampton County, Pennsylvania, who lived in Petersbach, Alsace and likely arrived in Philadelphia by the ship "Sandwich" in 1750. Jacob was the father of JOHANN ADAM BRICKER, who settled in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. Their descendents spread to Indiana and Armstrong counties in that state, as well as to Clermont County, Ohio. The surname of this line may have been BRÜGGER and then BRÜCKER in Europe. The close similarity of BR22's haplotype with that of both BR21 and BR04, who are from the John Bricker line of Frederick County, Maryland, indicates that that line and the Northampton County Brickers of which BR22 is a descendent actually shared a common ancestor at some point in the past while still in Europe, probably of Swiss origin. See the chart at the bottom of this webpage. Also compare the box bordered in silver with the box below it in blue green. See also the comparison of the extended 25-marker haplotypes for the two Bricker lines here, which confirms the close genetic connection of these two lines.
PETER BRICKER (1700-1774) settled in Womelsdorf, Heidelberg Township, Berks County, PA, arriving in Philadelphia from Europe in 1737 aboard the ship "Charming Nancy." Participants BR12 and BR14 both descend from Peter's grandson Christian Bricker who settled in Lebanon Co, PA, while BR20 and BR26 descends from Christian's older brother John Jr., who migrated with the rest of the family out of Berks County to Franklin Co in the same state. John Jr. later moved on to Somerset County. The evidence of Peter's last will indicates that he had only one son, John Bricker Sr, but John had ten sons and two daughters, among the sons being Christian and John. This line today has members throughout the U.S., including Athens, Mercer, Wayne, and Crawford counties, Ohio, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania. See the box bordered in salmon.
None of the following Bricker lines having only one participant to date in the DNA Project can confirm a genetic signature specific to that Bricker line and only that line. There must be a DNA match or near match with at least two participants, as is the case with the lines above, which have now been established genetically as distinct from other Bricker lines.
JACOB BRICKER (abt 1765-1823) of Berks County, Pennsylvania. New DNA Project participant BR24, who descends from this Jacob Bricker of Oley Township, matches the haplotypes of the descendents of Peter Bricker of Heidelberg Township in the same county. See the box bordered in yellow, and compare it to the box that's bordered in salmon. Also see the chart at the bottom of this webpage. The common ancestor of these two genetically-related families is yet unknown. Jacob Bricker's living descendents are known to reside today in both Berks and Lycoming counties in Pennsylvania.
PHILIP BRICKER of Berks County, Pennsylvania. His line only recently established through genealogical research, John Philip has Bricker descendents living today in Virginia, North Carolina, Arkansas, Texas, Oklahoma, and Illinois. The earliest record found for this line is of the marriage of John Philip to Maria Catherina Jaeger in Tulpehocken Township, Berks County in 1753; their son Michael migrated to Virginia by 1799 and to Tennessee by 1805. A branch of Michael's brother Jacob may have migrated to South Carolina and ended up in Texas. See box bordered in blue.
BR33 is the newest participant in the DNA Project, a descendent of Swiss immigrant PETER BRUGGER (1817-1903), born in Innertkirchen, Canton Bern, Switzerland, who settled first in New York state and then moved to Larimar County, Colorado, settling in the mountains that reminded him of his homeland in Switzerland. The family comes from the "Grund" of Innertkirchen, south of the Aare River, Amt Obershasle. Peter's father was KASPER BRÜGGER born 1773 in Innerkirchen, died 1852. See the box above bordered in pink.
The oldest known ancestor of new participant BR25 is GEORGE W. BRICKER (1833-1905) of Coshocton County, OH, not to be confused with the George Bricker of the same county who was born in 1817, and who also has a descendent, BR08, participating in the Bricker DNA Project. These two participants have completely incompatible DNA profiles, indicating absolutely no relationship. The participant who is a descendent of the George W. Bricker born in 1833 is the first from his Bricker line in this Project. See the box above bordered in purple. Because the DNA profile of BR25 is also incompatible with the DNA profiles of all other Bricker lines represented here to date, future genealogical research on BR25's line will focus only on families whose DNA profiles are still unknown, examples being the Brickers of Dauphin County, PA; the Brickerts of Bucks County, PA; and the Brookharts of York County, PA. All of these families are known to have been in America by the 1700s.
BR16's earliest known ancestor is his great great great grandfather, WILLIAM BRICKERT (1817-?), of Adams County, PA. See the box bordered in olive green. It is not known yet where this family was in Pennsylvania prior to settling in Adams County, but research is focusing on York County, Bucks County, and Montgomery County, PA. Members of this family, some with the spelling of the surname as BRICKERT and others with BRICKER, have settled in Allegheny County, PA and Morgan County, IN, in addition to those who have remained in Adams County.
Another participant, BR05, can trace his direct line to a HENRI BRUCKER (1848-?) who arrived in America in 1891 aboard the ship "La Bretagne" from Alsace-Lorraine, settling in Allegheny County, PA. See the box above bordered in orange. The specific location within Alsace-Lorraine that the family emigrated from is not yet known. It's surname was changed to BRICKER after arrival in America.
Participant BR08 has traced his line back to a GEORGE BRICKER (1817-?), likely born in York County, PA, who was living in Coshocton County, Ohio by the mid-1800s. See the box bordered in charcoal grey. Both DNA results and recently uncovered genealogical evidence appear to point to a connection with a McHenry line, with roots in Northern Ireland, that was living in York County in the early 1800s.
Where Project participants have neither a DNA match at this stage of the Project, or a pedigree which takes their lines back to the point when they were first established in America, as is the case now with BR25 and BR16, a match at some point would allow each participant to focus his future genealogical research on tracing his own actual Bricker line back instead of wasting time researching whether he might have come from other, unrelated lines. And as others having complete or nearly complete genealogies join the Project, all not only can compare notes with one another, but hopefully also give advice to those just starting to track their Bricker roots.
To date, no one has joined the Project from the following Bricker lines:
MATHIAS BRICKER of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. Mathias arrived in 1750 aboard the ship "Brotherhood" from Lachen in Germany, initially settling in Montgomery County, PA. He had subsequently relocated to Derry Township, Dauphin County by 1769. His descendents today still live in that same county, as well as in adjacent western Lancaster County and elsewhere. See box bordered in dark red.
CHRISTIAN BRICKER of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. This line was thought to have been connected with that of the Jacob Bricker of Northampton County, PA and his son Johann Adam Bricker, but a second hard look seems to show that it may have instead begun with Christian's father JACOB CHRISTIAN BRICKER, said to have come from Prussia about 1718, arriving at Port Jamestown, VA on the ship "Presley". Christian the son moved to Westmoreland County about 1767. Descendents of this Bricker line settled in Armstrong, Indiana, Butler, and Allegheny counties in Pennsylvania among other places. See box bordered in green.
Descendents from these Bricker lines, or any other lines with either the Bricker Bruegger, Brucker, Brugger, Bruecker, Brigger, or Brickert surnames, are here invited to join with us in our DNA Project. See the Project homepage for details on what testing can show about ancestry, who can be tested, how the confidentiality of results is ensured, and so on.
The matrix, below, shows the number of mutations or genetic distance between everyone participating in the Project to date, whatever their Bricker line. As an example of how to use it, how genetically related would BR04, the descendent of John Bricker of Maryland, be to BR08, who's descended from Andrew J. Bricker of Ohio? The answer is, extremely unrelated. Family Tree DNA says that for those tested at the 12-marker level, if you are more than two mutations away from someone else, "you are unrelated to this person". Here, there's a "genetic distance" of sixteen mutations between BR04 and BR08. Even BR08 and a descendent of Peter Bricker of Cocalico, BR06, at a genetic distance of "merely" four mutations from one another, are not related.
However, every rule has its exceptions.
See here for an explanation of genetic distance.
|Nicholas Bricker of York Co., PA||Frederick Bricker of Berks Co., PA|
|Henri Brucker of Alsace/Lorraine||William Brickert of Adams Co., PA|
|George Bricker of Coshocton Co., OH||George Bricker (McHenry) of York Co., PA|
|Philip Bricker of Berks Co., PA||Peter Bricker of Berks Co., PA|
|John Bricker of Frederick Co., MD||Jacob Bricker of Berks Co., PA|
|Jacob Bricker of Northampton Co., PA||Peter Bricker of Lancaster Co., PA|
|Peter Brugger of Innertkirchen, Switz|
|Genetically unrelated (usually more than 2 mutations)|
|Possible to probable genetic relationship|
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