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The Election of 1844

"The Whigs"

The January 13, 1844 Edition:

Baton Rouge, January 6, 1844.

The Whigs of the Parish of East Baton Rouge held a public meeting at the Court House in Baton Rouge this day pursuant to public notice. The meeting was organized by calling Gen. P. Thomas to the Chair and by the appointment of S.H. Shipley and H. Stannard secretaries. The object of the meeting was then clearly stated by D.D. Avery, Esq. in a brief and eloquent address, and on his motion, the Chairman proceeded to annoint a Committee of five to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting, and also to nominate delegates to the State Convention in February next.--The following gentlemen were appointed upon this committee.

Messrs. D.D. Avery, John Buhler, James M. Elan, John Phillips, P.S. Walker.

The Committee having retired, the attention of the meeting was addresses from the venerable chairman and Mr. Dufrocq. The Committee after a short absence returned and through their chairman, D.D. Avery, Esq. reported the following resolutions which were unanimously adopted by the meeting.

Resolved: That the whigs of the Parish of East Baton Rouge heartily concur in the propriety of holding a Convention of the Whigs of the State of Louisiana in the City of New Orleans on the 22nd of February, next, for the purpose of nominating delegates to the National Convention, to be held at Baltimore in May next, also to appoint Electors for President and Vice President upon the Whig Electoral Ticker, also to appoint delegates to the young men's convention of Baltimore in May next, and for the selection of a suitable Candidate for Congress from the Third Congressional District of this state.

Resolved: That for the furtherance of the foregoing resolution, the following gentlemen be appointed delegates to represent the whigs of East Baton Rouge in said Convention.

From the Parish at large--Gen. P. Thomas, Gen. Joseph Bernard and such other Whits as may be in New Orleans on the day of the Convention.

1st Ward. H.V. Babin, H. F. Favrot, J.M. Elam, F. Arbour, D.D. Avery, J.M. Brunot, Capt. J.C. Morris

2nd Ward. John Phillips, C.C. Kobol, A. Montan, G. Gusman, J. Holt, George Trudeau, James Alley, H. Tomlinson

3rd Ward. Dr. King, O. Hackett

4th Ward. Thomas Devall, George P. Behran.

5th Ward. David McCanes, George P. Lilley, R.T. Young, John C. Paine

6th Ward. J.B. Kleinpeter, Andrew Kleinpeter, P. Garig, W.H. Gayle

7th Ward. R. H. burnett, Joseph Phillips, S.T. Webb, Joseph Heard

8th Ward. F.D. Conrad, Stephen Henderson, Dr. Ambrose Williams, Wm Stephens

9th Ward. Fergus Duplantier, Sosthene Allain, John Devenport

10th Ward. Dr. W. B. Wood, Wm Hawes, John F. McCaa, Wm. McArthur, D. Youngblood

11th Ward. W.D. Lea. Z. Brown, Wm B. Montgomery

12th Ward. S.H. Shipley, A. Adams, George Garig, Joseph Cooper

Resolved: That our said Delegates be and they are hereby authorized and requested to unite with the delegates from the various Parishes of the 3rd Congressional District in said Convention in the selection of a suitable person as their candidate at the next Congressional election, and that the Whigs of this Parish of East Baton Rouge will cordially united in the support of the nominee.

The following resolution moved by P.A. Walker Esq. unanimously and enthusiastically adopted.--

Resolved: That we warmly and heartily respond to the general voice of the Country indicating beyond all possibility of doubt that HENRY CLAY is to be our next whig candidate for the Presidency, and in elevating that distinguished citizen to the highest office in our gift we confidently look for the adopotion of a system of measures that will relieve our present embarrassments, and restore the Country to its former prosperity.

Resolved: That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Baton Rouge Gazette. On motion the meeting adjourned. P. Thomas, Chairman, S.H. Shipley and H. Stannard, Secretaries.


The Sept. 7, 1844 edition of the Baton Rouge Gazette



At a meeting of the Whig Ladies of East and West Baton Rouge, held on Thursday evening the 5th instant, at the residence of Joseph Menard, Esq.

On motion, Mrs. Amoret Gates was called to the chair, and Mrs. Mary May, appointed secretary.

On motion, Resolved that the following ladies be appointed a COMMITTEE OF ARRANGEMENTS, to superintend the preparation of the LADIES WHIG BANNER.

Mrs. Amoret Gates

Mrs. Thos. W. Chinn

Mary H. Henderson

James Devall

Mary A. Perkins

Louis Favrot

Doctor Wood

Martha Pope

M. Meeker

J.V. Duralde

Sarah S. Fowler

David Devall

Evelin Hill

Abraham Lobdell

Frances L. Gayle

Doctor Lyle

S.M. Avery

F.R. Allaitt

Doctor French

Dorville Landry

Clara Sanger

Caroline E. Phillips

Charles R. Tessier

Pierre Verbois

Mary May

Paul P. Babin

East Baton Rouge

West Baton Rouge

On motion, Resolved that Mrs. Clara Adams be appointed Treasurer.

On motion, Resolved that the following Ladies be appointed a joint Committee of Collection, for the two parishes, to procure subscribers to the Whig Banner.

Miss J.C. Bryant

Miss Elvina Kleinpeter

A.M. Finley

Fanny Gayle

E.A. Henderson

Martha Rickets

Susan A. Reeder

B.C. Lanoue

Amelia Menard

John Bird

Martha French

Valmont Hebert

Caroline Lanoue

F.A. Woods

Heloise Sheppers, Miss

Victorine Landry

Lucretia C. Cheatham

Adele Landry

S.C. Gates

Hariet Woods

Sarah Ann Collins

Henriette Granpre

Caroline Traager

Lucy R. Stuart

Josephine Tessier

Mary Jane Pope

On motion, Resolved, that the following Ladies be appointed a Committee to select a suitable person to present the Banner.

Miss Mary E. Gayle Matilda Menard Frances A. Elam Eliza D. Phillips Louisa A. Mullin Elen R. Waddill Cordelia H. Thomas

On motion, the meeting was then adjourned till Tuesday evening next, 10th inst., when the Committee of Arrangements will meet at the residence of Amos Adams, Esq., at 8 o'clock. By order of the Chairman of the Committee, Mrs. Amoret Gates, Presdt., Mrs. Mary May, Secretary.

The Sept. 28, 1844 edition of the Baton Rouge Gazette



Last Saturday was a glorious day for this patriotic band. In the afternoon they gathered in good numbers, and assisted by some of the senior whigs thry raised a beautiful ASH POLE, about 90 feet high. As soon as the pole was erect, a beautiful Star-bangled Banner, with the revered names of Clay and Frelinghuysen inscribed thereon-the work of our fair and patriotic ladies of our town-was reared aloft and as it floated majestically to the breeze, the roar of cannon and teh repeated huzzas of the assembled throng, made the .... ring. A large assemblage of ladies was present on the occasion, and the waving of their handkerchiefs showed that they also felt a deep interest in the cause. As soon as order was restored, one of the young whigs, Francis G. Henderson, delivered an eloquent and patriot address, which will be found on our first page. He was repeatedly cheered during its delivery. Mr. A. Adams was then called and for about half and hour, entertained the audience with a lucid and happy description of the present party lines and principles. In a word, it was a proud day for the cause of Clay and Freylinghuysen, and in 1848, these young whigs will be found fighting for the same hallowed principles we now content for.


In the same edition, Sept 28, 1844


To: F.G. Henderson


Having heard with pleasure your eloquent address at the raising of the WHIG POLE and feeling a desire to further the glorious cause in which we are now engaged; We the undersigned, respectfully solicit a publication of the same, for the benefit of those whigs whose occupations prevented their being present on the occasion.

Yours Respectfully.

J.C. Lanoue -----F.B. Sans, J. Bonnecaze O. Menard

To Messrs, Lanoue, Menard, Sans, and Bonnecaze:


Your kind solicitation for a publication of my address, delivered on the 21st instant, has been duly acknowledged, and although my health, and the short notice for preparation has prevented my saying many things that might have had a tendency to urge forward the glorious cause in which we are now engaged--Yet, I cheerfully submit it--as it is, to your consideration; for the sentiments therein expressed are felt by one who regards the welfare and prosperity of his country to be the first and chief aim of every American free born citizen.

With feelings of respect, Your Obd't Serv't F.G. HENDERSON
Mr. President, Young Gentlemen of the Whig Party, and Ladies,

The occasion for which you have assembled is one of great and glorious importance. It is an occasion which will serve to impress upon your minds, the noble and dignified principles which should actuate the bosom of every free born American citizen. It is in short an occasion which reminds you, that each true whig must use every exertion in his power, to fulfill the fond and long cherished hope of placing on a proud eminence, the great and illustrious statesman and patriot HENRY CLAY.

For in thus raising an emblem of your devotedness, you exhibit a feeling of respect to his greatness and worth; you give a pledge that you will use all your influence and every honorable effort and endeavor, to place him on the highest seat of your Country can bestow, and to put under his guidance her welfare and prosperity.

Who is there more capable in this wide Union, of protecting the rights and the interests of your country? Who is there more alive to her honor, her sufferings or her wrongs, than he! Who possesses more moral courage mor untiring industry in her cause than, HENRY CLAY?

None!! then none is there more worthy or better qualifited to fill the Presidential Chair than he who has already acquired immortal renown, the patriot sage, the gallant son of KENTUCKY.

None more than he, possesses the power of eloquence, greatness of mind, chivaltrous noble, and manly sentiments. These are the attributes and these are the lies that endear him both to the passing and the rising generation.

Let us for a moment deviate from our present theme, to take acursory view of the principles of the "locofocos"

What are their principles! They are Hostility to the American system.--Free trade--Texas or disunion, and last of all, the locofocos of Baton Rouge have lugged in Dorrism.

Mr. Polk has openly and unreservedly proclaimed himself hostile to the American system. He has avowed himself in favor of free trade and opposed to a tariff for the proptection of American industry. Young as we are, we are all well aware what such doctrines would lead to.--That our manufacturers would be annihilated to make wway for the manufactures of the hirelings and paupers of Europe. Some British politicians and writers, at present advocate the system of Free Trade, with great ingenuity but this as intended as a lure to other nations and carefully eschewed by their own government.

Until all other nations adopt such a system which is not liekly ever to be the case, it is folly for us to pursue a course that wouold bring ruin and beggary on our own people.

Another favorite theme of our opponents, is the Annexation of Texas. Some of them in their fanatical zeal, regardless of the admonitions of our immortal Washington; boldly proclaim Texas or disunion. I appeal to the common sense of every one present, to the interest he takes in the welfare of his country, to say, whether it is of such paramount importance to annex to our Union the region of country forming the Republic of Texas. Turn for a moment and survey the boundless extent of uncultivated territory comprising these United States, and ask yourself if we are so base, so traitorous, as to harbour the thought of disunion. They pretend to assert that the public lands of Texas are sufficient to defray the public debt that would require to be assumed by this Country, a debt that has been variously estimated at from 20 to 50,000,000 of dollars. They do not reflect that grants have been made by the Spanish, Mexican and Texan governments of every foot of land worth having. Such has been the profusion of grants it is said, by the different governments that have alternately swayed the destiny's of that Country, that a late traveller has facetiously stated that every acre of land susceptible of cultivation is already covered with titles a foot deep.

So much for the public lands of Texas. Have they reflected on the consequences that will inevitably onsue to our country, inannexing Texas without the consent of Mexico, inviolating our treaties with the latter Country. Would she not be justified in the eyes of the whole universe in declaring immediate war against us! They may sneer and answer she is powerless in herself. If so! are there no means to which she could resort to injure us! Yes! Certainly there are. She would immediately grant letters of marque to privateers of other nations, who sailing under the flag of Mexico, would sweep the seas, intercept our commerce with the rest of the world, plunder and destroy our merchantmen which now spread their sails on every sea, laden with the produce and the manufactures of our happy land. The autocrats and tyrants of the old continent would exult at the spectacle of two republics on this hemisphere, waging war against each other, and exclaim: "Behold the fruits of the vaunted liberty and equality of Republics."

And all these calamities would befall us, not for attempting to vindicate our national honor, not, for avenging injuries to our national flag, but for the violation on our part of a solemn treaty with a sister republic. Let our cause be just, and we can defy the proudest and haughtiest conquerors of the world; Our arms would be nerved for the fight, and our war-cry be victory or death.

but in an unjust war, can we invoke the aid of providence inour cause! Will the Devine Being smile on our rapacious attempts to acquire unjustly, additional territory for the mere sake of extending our dominion. No! No! Our arms would be palsied, for our motives would be unjust.

Our Locofoco brethren of this town have another subject, which particularly disquiets them, and excites their sympathy, causing them to appear melancholy and put on the garb of mourning, in the shape of a small black crape cockade.

This cockade is worn on a conspicuous part of their dress, to indicate the profound grief that oppresses them because Mr. Dorr has been put in the Penitentiary of Rhode Island. Poor fellow! He at the suggestion of a set of unprincipled men, who proffered their assistance, came out in open rebellion against the Laws and constitution of his state, and sought to establish himself governor by force of arms. He has been tried and found guilty of treason by his peers, and justly sentenced to imprisonment in the Penitentiary. With all due deference to our Locofoco brethren, let us entertain the belief that it does not become us to intermeddle with the internal laws and affairs of any sister State of the Union, for we certainly would not submit lamely to their interference with ours.

Young Whigs! the tall pole of Ash that has been just now uplifted by your hands stands as a mute emblem of the patriot sage of Ashland.

Now! Let the star-spangled banner be reared aloft, let its glorious stripes and gorgeous folds be thrown to the breeze, that the names attached thereon by the fair hands of beauty, may be seen by all, who wend their way on the numerous steamboats that plough the vast bosom of the Mississippi.

These stars are emblematic of the union of the 26 states. May you be united in democratic-whig principles, in fixed resolves to maintain, unsullied, the honor of your beloved country.

Loco-focoism is tottering on its last legs, it is as a light burnt to its last glimmer, twinkling now and then, until suddenly it sinks into utter darkness, and forever disappears.

It's principles lead to anarchy and disunion. You will not stand calmly by, with folded arms, and see these glorious stripes torn asunder, these stars tarnished, to make room for the lone star of Texas. Neither will you suffer the patriot of Ashland to be thrust aside to make room for a poor half famished fly-up-the-creek. It shall not be said that ye who at the Presidential electiohn of 1848, will have become entitled to mingle your votes with those of your sires at the ballot box, will prove recreant to the principles of patriotism.

Like true patriots you have buckled on the shield and prepared for the struggle.

The work is already commenced.

Let us all pledge ourselves to urge it forward with vigour, and never ceae our exertions, until we have placed at the head of our confederated union, the great stateman and scholar, HENRY CLAY and his compatriot, FREYLINGHUYSEN.