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Derbyshire Photographers' Profiles
by Brett Payne, of Tauranga, New Zealand
John Westmoreland

of Derby

Predominantly employed by the firm of John Davis & Son as an optician, John Westmoreland nevertheless worked as a part-time photographer between 1855 and 1861, and was listed as such in an 1857 directory.

Go straight to Portfolio


John Westmoreland was born in 1820 at Rothwell, Yorkshire, son of William Westmoreland and his wife Ann Shackleton.  He married Mary Ann (surname unknown, but born c. 1818 at Hunslett, near Leeds in Yorkshire) in the early 1840s.  After having two children in Hunslett, they moved to Derby in about 1846-1847, and were living in Kensington Street, Derby St. Werburgh's at the time of the census in April 1851.

Craven (1993) states that John Westmorland operated as a photographer in Derby in the late 1850s, but that he mainly worked for John Davis & Son, a firm of opticians, mathematical & mining instrument makers and photographic equipment suppliers in Irongate.  He was primarily employed as an optician, although CDVs by him from the period 1855-1861 are known, and a photograph of Peace Celebrations taken by him in 1856 is shown below.  White (1857) shows Westmoreland at 47 Elms Street, but he later lived in Milton Street until at least 1891.  By 1895, he was shown living at 44 Gerard Street.  By 1901 he was retired, although still living in Derby.  His eldest son Thomas Westmoreland also became an optician for a while, although had followed his younger brother William into the fitting and turning trade at the Midland Railway works by 1901.


Portfolio
Image © & courtesy of Picture the Past Celebration Arch, Rotten Row/Corn Market,
by John Westmorland of Derby
taken in 1856
Format: Unknown

Image © & courtesy of Picture the Past

Notes from Picture the Past:  Peace Celebrations in 1856 after the Crimean War, Rotten Row (off Derby Market Place) and Corn Market, Derby, showing a celebration arch to celebrate the peace after the Crimean war (1854-56).  The 95th (Derbyshire Regiment) of the Sherwood Foresters were involved in fighting in the conflict with Russia in the Crimea, and Lt General Sir Drury Curzon Drury Lowe of Locko Park also saw distinguished service there, as did another Derbyshire personality, Florence Nightingale.  The banner mentions the Battles of Inkerman (5th Nov 1854) and Balaklava (25th Oct 1854).


Image © & courtesy of Derby Local Studies Library John Froggatt
by Westmorland of Derby
Undated, but probably taken in the early 1860s
Format: Carte de visite

Image © & courtesy of Derby Local Studies Library

Notes:

Image © & courtesy of Derby Local Studies Library

Image © & courtesy of John Bradley Image © & courtesy of John Bradley
Stereoview by J. Westmorland of Derby
Undated, but probably taken in the 1860s
Format: Carte de visite

Image © & courtesy of John Bradley


References
Images kindly provided by John Bradley, Derby Local Studies Library & Picture the Past
1851 Census of Derby St Werburgh's - kindly extracted by Geoff Mather
1881 UK Census - online from the LDS church
1891 UK Census - online from Ancestry.com
1901 UK Census index - online from the PRO
FreeBMD
North East Midland Photographic Record - Picture the Past
Bagshaw (1846) History, Gazetteer and Directory of Derbyshire. Collection of Brett Payne.
Anon (1855) The Post Office Directory of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. University of Leicester's Digital Library of Historical Directories
White, F. & Co. (1857) History, Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Derby. Transcribed by Neil Wilson.
Harrison, Harrod & Co. (1860) Directory and Gazetteer of Derbyshire, London.
Harrod & Co. (1870) Postal & Commercial Directory of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland & Staffordshire. University of Leicester's Digital Library of Historical Directories
Wright C.N. (1874) Directory of South Derbyshire, Third Edition, October 1874, Derby.
Anon (1881) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Kelly & Co., London.
Anon (1887) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Kelly & Co., London.
Anon (1891) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland & Nottinghamshire, Kelly & Co., London. University of Leicester's Digital Library of Historical Directories
Anon (1895) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Kelly & Co. Limited, London.
Anon (1895) History, Topography, and Directory of Derbyshire, T. Bulmer & Co. - by kind courtesy of Sonia Addis-Smith
Craven, Maxwell (ed.) (1993) Keene's Derby, Breedon Books, Derby, pp. 200-202. - by kind courtesy of Sonia Addis-Smith

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