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Derbyshire Photographers' Profiles
by Brett Payne, of Tauranga, New Zealand
John Alfred Warwick (
1821-1896)
of Derby

Although he was probably never a commercial portrait photographer, Midland Railway's telegraph superintendent J.A. Warwick produced many fine albumen prints and stereoviews, published by Richard Keene.


Go straight to Portfolio


John Alfred Warwick was born in 1821 at Manchester, Lancashire, son of a Unitarian minister and scientist Thomas Oliver Warwick (1771-1852) and his wife Mary Aldred.  In 1854, at Ilkeston, Derbyshire, he married Elizabeth Hole Hudson (1832-1904), daughter of a Litchurch butcher, William Hudson.  They settled in Derby, where they had seven daughters and a son over the next two decades. Warwick was soon after appointed telegraph superintendent for the Midland Railway Company, a position he held until his retirement in the 1880s.  They then moved to Brook Cottage, Ockbrook, and in the 1891 Census he was described as a pyrotechnist, i.e. a producer of fireworks.  J.A. Warwick died at Ockbrook in 1896, and his wife died eight years later in Derby.

Adamson (1997) merely describes Warwick as "an amateur photographer of considerable local renown, who became semi-professional," operating from 1852 until 1876.  Maxwell Craven (1993) goes considerably further, describing Warwick's close friendship with Richard Keene (1825-1894) a successful Derby printer, publisher, bookseller and stationer.  Together, they developed a passion for photography during the early years of its development, travelling throughout the county, taking pictures of architecture, topography and landscapes.  Many of these scenes were published by Keene over a number of years, as albumen prints, stereographs and, much later, by Keene's son as postcards.  Although most were published under Keene's name, it is obvious from the presence of Keene himself in many scenes that Warwick was often the man behind the shutter.  Several examples of these are shown in Keene's Derby, as well as on the web site, Picture the Past, and a couple have been featured in my article about Warwick and Keene's "rambles" on Photo-Sleuth.

Considering that John Warwick had a full-time, and presumably demanding, job with Midland Railway it seems unlikely that he ever took portraits on a commercial basis, but it is quite possible that portraits by his hand do exist somewhere, and remain to be unearthed.
Image © & courtesy of Maxwell Craven
John Alfred & Elizabeth Warwick
taken c.1860 by Richard Keene
Image
© & courtesy of Maxwell Craven

Portfolio
Image © & collection of Brett Payne
Image © & collection of Brett Payne
Ruins of Ashby-de-la-Zouch Castle, from the Manor-House Garden
by J.A. Warwick, published by Richard Keene, Repository of Arts, Derby
Undated, but probably taken c.1858-1860

Format: Stereocard
Size:
Mount 174 x 82 mm Stereophoto 133 x 70.5 mm

Image © & collection of Brett Payne

Notes


Image © the Derby Museum & courtesy of Maxwell Craven
(Left) Eyam Cross and Richard Keene
by J.A. Warwick of Derby
Undated, but taken on 27 July 1858

Format: Albumen Print
Image © the Derby Museum & courtesy of Maxwell Craven


(Right) Wheston Cross and Richard Keene

by J.A. Warwick of Derby
Undated, but probably taken c.1858-1859
Format: Albumen Print
Image © and courtesy of Picture the Past

Notes: Further discussion of these photographs and Keene and Warwick's "rambles" may be found in my Photo-Sleuth article, and in Maxwell Craven's book, Keene's Derby.

Image © and courtesy of Picture the Past

References
Images kindly provided by Brett Payne & Picture the Past 
1841-1901 UK Census - online from Ancestry.com
FreeBMD
International Genealogical Index - online from the LDS church
North East Midland Photographic Record - Picture the Past
Bagshaw (1846) History, Gazetteer and Directory of Derbyshire. Collection of Brett Payne.
Anon (1855) The Post Office Directory of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire. University of Leicester's Digital Library of Historical Directories
White, F. & Co. (1857) History, Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Derby. Transcribed by Neil Wilson.
Harrison, Harrod & Co. (1860) Directory and Gazetteer of Derbyshire, London.
Anon (1870) Harrod & Co.'s Postal & Commercial Directory of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland & Staffordshire. - from University of Leicester - Digital Library of Historical Directories.
Wright C.N. (1874) Directory of South Derbyshire, Third Edition, October 1874, Derby.
Anon (1881) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Kelly & Co., London.
Anon (1887) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Kelly & Co., London.
Anon (1891) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland & Nottinghamshire, Kelly & Co., London. University of Leicester's Digital Library of Historical Directories
Anon (1895) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Kelly & Co. Limited, London.
Anon (1895) History, Topography, and Directory of Derbyshire, T. Bulmer & Co. - by kind courtesy of Sonia Addis-Smith
Anon (1899) Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland & Nottinghamshire, Kelly & Co., London. University of Leicester's Digital Library of Historical Directories
Derby Electoral Registers 1868-1900
Birks, F.E. (1934) History of the Derby Photographic Society, p. 3, Courtesy of David Simkin

Adamson, Keith I.P. (1997) Professional Photographers in Derbyshire 1843 - 1914, The PhotoHistorian, No. 118 Supplement, September 1997, ISSN 0957-0209. Courtesy of John Bradley.

Craven, Maxwell (ed.) (1993) Keene's Derby, Breedon Books, Derby, pp. 200-202. - by kind courtesy of Sonia Addis-Smith

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