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Brett Payne's Victorian & Edwardian
Photograph Collection
Index to Victorian & Edwardian
Photographers & Photographic Studios

Home / Studio Index / England / Devon / Exeter / Samuel Poole
Samuel Poole (c1823-1906) of Teignmouth & Exeter
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES

Samuel Poole was born at Taunton, Somerset in about 1823. He married there and worked in his 20s as a house builder. He and his wife Mary Ann lived in Park Street and had at least six children before moving to 43 Teign Street, Teignmouth in Devon between 1857 and 1859, where they had a further three children by 1868. Mary Ann Poole died in 1890 and Samuel remarried, in 1895, to a widow Sarah Rossiter.

Samuel POOLE b. c.1823 Taunton SOM d. 1906 Teignmouth DEV m1: Mary Ann b. c.1826 Taunton SOM d. 1890 Teignmouth SOM m2: 1895 Teignmouth DEV Sarah ROSSITER b. c.1842 Compton Martin SOM
|- Helen Jane POOLE b. 1849 Taunton SOM m: 1869 Teignmouth DEV Edward ROBERTS b. c.1849 Truro COR
   |- Helen Evelyn ROBERTS b. 1870 Teignmouth DEV
   |- Rose Emily ROBERTS b. 1873 Ilminster SOM
   |- Edward Vaughan ROBERTS b. 1875 Sunderland DUR
   |- Walter Vivian ROBERTS b. 1877 Sunderland DUR
|- Samuel James POOLE b. c.Aug 1850 Taunton SOM d. 1903 Putney LON m: 1872 Teignmouth DEV Ellen Rosina SYMONS b. c.1854 Teignmouth DEV d. 1895 Putney LON
   |- Rosina Mary L. POOLE b. 1876 Torquay DEV
   |- James Bernard POOLE b. 1877 Putney LON
   |- Blanche Adelaide POOLE b. 1878 Putney LON d. 1896 Putney LON
   |- Violet Ethel POOLE b. c.1879 Putney LON
   |- Kate/Katie Eveline POOLE b. April 1881 Putney LON
|- William POOLE b. c.1852 Taunton SOM
|- Eveline POOLE b. c.1853 Taunton SOM
|- Arthur H. POOLE b. c.1855 Taunton SOM
|- Emily POOLE b. c.1857 Taunton SOM
|- Rosa Mary POOLE b. c.1862 Teignmouth DEV
|- Lilian Beatrice POOLE b. c.1864 Teignmouth DEV
|- Reginald Frank POOLE b. c.1868 Teignmouth DEV m: 1898 Teignmouth Alice SLATER b. c.1872 Burrington DEV
Samuel Poole opened a photographic studio at Teign Street in West Teignmouth in 1859, and this remained open until at least 1866, after which it moved to 5 Somerset Place (1869), 4 Somerset Place (from 1870), and 2 Somerset Place (from c.1883 until 1893). There appear to have been additional premises at 19 Wellington Street in 1890. However, he also had a studio at 5 East Southernhay, Exeter from 1872; this later became 6 East Southernhay from 1873 to 1876. Several of the children worked in the studios at one time or another, including Samuel James Poole (1850-1903) and William Poole (c1852-) in 1871, Arthur H. Poole (1855-) in 1881, and Rosa Mary Poole (c1862-) in 1891.

In the mid- to late 1860s, Samuel Poole was in partnership with Robert H. Preston, a Penzance photographer who was active for at least four decades (1861-1901). It is not known how long this firm lasted.

From 1881 onwards the Exeter shop also sold music, and when son Reginald Frank Poole (1868-) took it over after his father's apparent retirement after 1893, it appears that he ceased the studio photography business and only sold music. Samuel Poole senior died at West Teignmouth in 1906.

Eldest son Samuel J. Poole initially worked in his father's studio in Teignmouth, where he was at the time of the April 1871 Census, and where he probably received his training. After marrying Ellen Rosina Symons in 1872, however, he spent a brief period in Torquay, where his eldest daughter was born, before moving to Putney in South London (Surrey). There he set up a studio at 3 Alexander Terrace (1881), later moving to 116 Upper Richmond Road (1891 and 1901). He died three years before his father, in 1903.


If you have any further information about Samuel Poole and his studios, or if you have any photographs by him, please email me. I welcome contributions of images to increase the variety of coverage on this site. If you are able to identify or have an interest in any of the subjects in the photographs shown below, I would also be very keen on hearing from you.
CARD TYPES
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type Ia
Used early to mid-1860s
Sun with motto, "E lumine vita"
single font
Grey-blue ink on white card
Teignmouth studio
Type Ib
Used early to mid-1860s
Sun with motto, "E lumine vita"
single font
Grey-blue ink on white card
Penzance studio
Type IIa
Used mid-1860s to early 1870s
text with "tails"
three fonts
Black ink on white card
Southernhay studio
Type IIb
Used c. early 1870s
Text with "tails"
three fonts with extra text
Black ink on white card
Southernhay studio
Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan Image © & Collection of Patricia Bridgland Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan
Type III
Used c. early to mid-1870s
Prince of Wales feathers
double line frame
five fonts & extra text
violet ink on white card
Teignmouth studio
Type IV
Used c. mid- to late 1870s
Prince of Wales feathers(?)
double line curved frame
black ink on white card
Teignmouth studio
(cf. Type III)
Type V
Used c. early to mid-1880s
Text with three fonts on front
Reverse unknown
Brown text on white card
Teignmouth studio

PORTFOLIO Contribute a Photo
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: spoole03
Source: Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: Poole, of Teignmouth
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63 x 100.5 mm; Photo 59.5 x 90 mm)
Card Type: Type Ia (grey-blue on white) - sun with motto, "E Lumine Vita", single font.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1862-1865
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Two unidentified teenage boys, full length seated/standing portrait with cap.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: spoole12
Source: Shallcross Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: Preston & Poole, of Penzance
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type Ib (brown on white) - sun with motto, "E Lumine Vita", single font.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1862-1865
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified middle-aged man with beard and moustache, full length standing portrait with pedestal.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: spoole10
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: S. Poole, of Southernhay, Exeter
Negative No. 688
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IIa (black on white) - simple text, three fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1865-1869
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified woman, probably in her 30s or 40s, full length standing portrait with chair and table.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: spoole07
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: S. Poole, of Southernhay, Exeter
Negative No. 1388
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IIa (black on white) - simple text, three fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1866-1869
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or 30s, full length standing portrait with chair.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: spoole08
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: S. Poole, of Southernhay, Exeter
Negative No. 6757
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IIa (black on white) - simple text, three fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1868-1871
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or 30s, full length standing portrait with table & chair.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: spoole09
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: S. Poole, of Southernhay, Exeter
Negative No. 8167
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IIa (black on white) - simple text, three fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1869-1872
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or 30s, head-and-shoulders cameo portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: spoole01
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: S. Poole, of Southernhay (Exeter)
Negative No. 9408
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 101.5 mm; Photo 59.5 x 93.5 mm)
Card Type: Type IIb (black on white) - simple text, three fonts with extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1870-1873
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Lower corners clipped, bottom of card trimmed. Inscribed, "Bessie Harper" on reverse.
Subject: Bessie Harper, probably in her 20s, three-quarter length seated portrait with letter.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: spoole06
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: S. Poole, of Southernhay, Exeter
Negative No. 11027
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IIb (black on white) - simple text, three fonts and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1871-1874
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Two unidentified women with hats, perhaps in their 30s or 40s, full length standing portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: spoole04
Source: Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: S. Poole of Teignmouth, of the firm of Preston & Poole, Penzance & Truro
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63 x 105.5 mm; Photo 60 x 92 mm)
Card Type: Type III (violet on white) - POW feathers, double line frame, five fonts and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1871-1875
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: elderly man, probably in his 50s, full length standing portrait with rolled umbrella & chair.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: spoole05
Source: Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: S. Poole of Teignmouth, of the firm of Preston & Poole, Penzance & Truro
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 62.5 x 105.5 mm; Photo 60 x 93 mm)
Card Type: Type III (violet on white) - POW feathers, double line frame, five fonts and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably copied c.1871-1875 from an earlier painting or drawing
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Painting or drawing of elderly gentleman, probably in his 50s, head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: spoole11
Source: Collection of Patricia Bridgland
Artist: S. Poole of Teignmouth
Negative No. -
Size: Fragment cut from a carte de visite(?)
Card Type: Type IV (black on white) - POW feathers(?), double line curved frame.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1872-1875
Notes: Thin card.
Subject: Painting or drawing of elderly gentleman, probably in his 50s, head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait.

Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan NO IMAGE
AVAILABLE
ID #: spoole02
Source: Collection of Roger Vaughan
Artist: Poole, of Teignmouth
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type V (brown on white) - text in three fonts on front, reverse ?.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1880-1884
Notes: Rounded corners.
Subject: Unidentified woman, probably in her 30s or 40s, three-quarter length seated portrait with posy basket.

REFERENCES

Historical Directories from the University of Leicester
Indexed 1841- 1901 Census Images from Ancestry.com
1881 Census Transcript & International Genealogical Index (IGI) from the LDS Church's web site FamilySearch
Partial Transcript of the GRO Index from FreeBMD
Photographers in Devon 1842-1939 : a brief directory for photograph collectors, by C.G. Scott, 1985, The PhotoHistorian Supplement No. 101, ISSN 0957-0209

Trade Directory entries

History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon (1878-79)
- Poole Saml. 4 Somerset pl. Teignm'th

Kelly's Directory of Devon (1889)
- Poole Sl. 2 Somerset pl. We. Teignmouth

Kelly's Directory of Devon & Cornwall (1893)
- Poole Samuel, 2 Somerset pl. Teignmth


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Many thanks to Patricia Bridgland, Leonie Cousin and Roger Vaughan for kind contributions of images and information.


All images and information on these pages are © 2006-2007 Brett Payne unless otherwise stated, All Rights Reserved