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Brett Payne's Victorian & Edwardian
Photograph Collection
Index to Victorian & Edwardian
Photographers & Photographic Studios

Home / Studio Index / England / Devon / Exeter / James Frederick Long
James Frederick Long (1818-1903) of Exeter
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES

James Frederick Long was born at Clerkenwell, London, and baptized on 11 April 1819 at St. Sepulchre, son of William and Sarah Long. He married Mary Anne Wankling at Shoreditch in 1838; they lived in Hoxton and St. Luke's London between 1848 and 1859, and had at least five children.

James Frederick LONG bapt. 11 Apr 1819 St Sepulchre, Clerkenwell LON d. 1903 m: 1838 Shoreditch LON Mary Anne WANKLING b. c.1817 MID d. 1877 Exeter DEV
|- Amelia LONG b. c.1848 MID
|- Charles LONG b. c.1851 City Road, Lambeth LON m: 1884 Exeter DEV Ann "Annie" SPLATT b. c.1850 Thorverton DEV
   |- Gwendoline "Lizzie" LONG b. c.1888 Plymouth DEV
   |- Amy LONG b. c.Jul 1890 Plymouth DEV
   |- Charles LONG b. c.1894 Plymouth DEV
|- Emma LONG b. c.1853 St. Luke's LON
|- Elizabeth LONG b. c.1856 Hoxton LON
|- Katherine Ellen LONG b. c.1858 St. Luke's LON m: 1891 Exeter DEV George Reginald SEARLE b. c.1866 Barnstaple DEV
   |- Vera SEARLE b. c.1892 Exeter DEV
   |- Dora SEARLE b. c.1894 Exeter DEV
|- David Arthur LONG b. c.1862 Exeter DEV
The family moved to Exeter in Devon between 1859 and April 1861, and set up a studio at 45 High Street. J.F. Long appears to have had a second studio at 34 Paris Street, Exeter in the early to mid-1870s, and was living there at the time of the 1871 Census. By the late 1870s, however, they were living at 8 Lower Summerlands. Scott (1985) shows Long with premises at 65 High Street from 1863 to 1967. At least three of the children assisted in the studio at various times, including his son Charles Long, who moved to Plymouth and set up a separate studio at 103 Union Street in 1889. In 1890 he advertised himself as a photographer to the Admiralty & War Department. The studio remained open, according to Scott, until at least 1897.

The Exeter studio continued to operate in the High Street until J.F. Long's death in 1903. It was then taken over by two of his daughters, the Misses Emma and Elizabeth Long, one of whom continued to operate the business from several premises until at least 1919.


If you have any further information about the Long family and their studios, or if you have any photographs by them, please email me. I welcome contributions of images to increase the variety of coverage on this site. If you are able to identify or have an interest in any of the subjects in the photographs shown below, I would also be very keen on hearing from you.
CARD TYPES
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type I
Used early to mid-1860s
Crown, belt & shield
one font
Blank ink on white card
Type II
Used mid- to late 1860s
Stylized JFL monogram
three fonts
Red ink on white card
Type IIIa
Used c. late 1860s
Angular scrolls, rampant lion & ivy
two fonts
Black ink on white card
Type IIIb
Used c. early 1870s
Angular scrolls, rampant lion & ivy
two fonts with extra text
Black ink on white card

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type IV
Used early to mid-1870s
New JFL monogram
three fonts & extra text
Violet ink on white card
Type V
Used c. mid-1870s
Bamboo, roses * JFL monogram
two fonts & ornate initial letters
Gold ink on white card
Type VIa
Used c. late 1870s
Rotating squares frame
four fonts
brown ink on white card
Type VIb
Used c. late 1870s
Rotating squares frame, 4 fonts
Mount by Oborne Paris & London
brown ink on white card

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type VII
Used c. early 1880s
Rotating squares frame, diagonal
name & ornate initial "E"
Brown ink on white card
Type VIII
Used c. early to mid-1890s
Dark green glossy card
Reverse plain, simple embossed
gold print on front
Type IX
Used c. late 1890s
Dark green glossy card
Reverse plain, fancy embossed
gold print on front

PORTFOLIO Contribute a Photo
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong01
Source: Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 1331
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 106 mm; Photo 58 x 88.5 mm)
Card Type: Type II (red on white) - stylized JFL monogram with text in three fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1865-1868
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Marked "LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified young bearded man, probably in his late 20s or 30s, full length portrait with chair and pedestal.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong02
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 7229
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64.5 x 103 mm; Photo 58.5 x 95.5 mm)
Card Type: Type II (red on white) - stylized JFL monogram with text in three fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1869-1870. Compare with dated photo (c.1867, at top left) on Roger Vaughan's pages.
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Marked "LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified woman, probably in her 30s or 40s, full length portrait with writing table and books

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong03
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 9122
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 102 mm; Photo 59 x 97 mm)
Card Type: Type IIIa (black on white) - angular scrolls with rampant lion and ivy.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1868-1870.
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Lower corners clipped, and bottom of card trimmed. Reverse inscribed, "Minnie Horwill" (struck through twice) and "Mrs Berwick."
Subject: Probably Mrs. Berwick in her late 20s or 30s, full length standing portrait with ornate table and book.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong04
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 13227
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 102 mm; Photo 59 x 97 mm)
Card Type: Type IIIb (black on white) - angular scrolls with rampant lion, ivy and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1870-1872.
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Reverse inscribed, "Julia Treglown."
Subject: Julia Hannah Searle née Treglown (c1842-c1920) of Camborne, Cornwall & Barnet, South Mimms, Hertfordshire, hand-tinted head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong05
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street & 34 Paris Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 105 mm; Photo 59 x 95.5 mm)
Card Type: Type IV (violet on white) - new JFL monogram with three fonts, and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1872-1874.
Notes: Thin card, with rounded corners. Marked "LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, in her late teens or early 20s, full length seated portrait in "rustic" studio setting.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong06
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street & 34 Paris Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 105.5 mm; Photo 59.5 x 95 mm)
Card Type: Type IV (violet on white) - new JFL monogram with three fonts, and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1872-1874.
Notes: Thin card, with rounded corners. Marked "LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, in her late teens or early 20s, half-length portrait in "rustic window" studio setting.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong07
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street & 34 Paris Street, Exeter
Negative No. 15499
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 101 mm; Photo 60 x 97 mm)
Card Type: Type IV (violet on white) - new JFL monogram with three fonts, and extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1872-1874.
Notes: Thin card. Rounded corners. Lower corners clipped and bottom of card trimmed. Marked "LONG / EXETER" on front. Reverse inscribed, "Bessie Mallett."
Subject: Bessie Mary Mallett (1848-1929), of Alphington, Devon, three-quarter length portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong08
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street & 34 Paris Street, Exeter
Negative No. 16795
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 101 mm; Photo 60 x 97 mm)
Card Type: Type V (gold on white) - bamboo & roses, with Type III JFL monogram and two fonts with ornate initial letters.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1874-1876.
Notes: Thin card. Rounded corners. Lower corners clipped and bottom of card trimmed. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified young lady, possibly in her late 20s or 30s, half length portrait leaning on chair.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong09
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 105 mm; Photo 59.5 x 98 mm)
Card Type: Type VIa (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with text in four fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1876-1877.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified girl, possibly in her mid-teens, half length seated portrait in oval frame. Note similarity of dress with that worn by slightly younger girl, possibly a sister, in portrait #jflong10 below.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong10
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 19113
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 106 mm; Photo 59 x 98.5 mm)
Card Type: Type VIa (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with text in four fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1877-1879.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified girl, possibly in her early teens, three-quarter length seated portrait. Note similarity of dress with that worn by slightly older girl, possibly a sister, in portrait #jflong09 above.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong11
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 19141?
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 102 mm; Photo 59 x 98 mm)
Card Type: Type VIa (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with text in four fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1877-1879.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Bottom of card trimmed. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified elderly woman, probably in her 50s, three-quarter length seated portrait. Note similarity of pose and setting with that of portrait #jflong10 above.

Image © & Collection of Kerry Morrell Image © & Collection of Kerry Morrell ID #: jflong19
Source: Collection of Kerry Morrell
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Cabinet card
Card Type: Type VIa (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with text in four fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1878-1882.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front. Inscribed, "Great-grandfather William Helmore / E. Comer 1923" and "Recd 28-8-97 FROM Joan Burrows."
Subject: William Helmore (1793-1883), three-quarter length seated portrait. William Helmore was born in 1793 at Newton St Cyres, Devon, and died at St Thomas, Devon on 18 March 1883. E. Comer was one of two great-grand-daughters (Edith or Ethel) of William.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong12
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. 22054
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 105.5 mm; Photo 57.5 x 97.5 mm)
Card Type: Type VIb (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with text in four fonts. Card stock by Oborne, London & Paris.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1879-1880.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Woman, probably in her late 30s or early 40s, three-quarter length seated portrait. Identified with some degree of certainty from another photo in the Exeter Album collection (#wcmitchell01) as Nelly Taylor. See also image #jflong13, below.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong13
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 105.5 mm; Photo 58.5 x 98 mm)
Card Type: Type VIb (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with text in four fonts. Card stock by Oborne, London & Paris.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1879-1880.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Woman, probably in her late 30s or early 40s, head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait. Identified with some degree of certainty from another photo in the Exeter Album collection (#wcmitchell01) as Nelly Taylor. See also image #jflong12, above.

Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan NO IMAGE
AVAILABLE
ID #: jflong14
Source: Collection of Roger Vaughan
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: probaby Type VIb (brown on white).
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1879-1880.
Notes: Thick card with rounded corners, slightly trimmed at base. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified man with hand in pocket, probably in his 40s or 50s, three-quarter length seated portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong15
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of 45 High Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64 x 105.5 mm; Photo 58.5 x 96 mm)
Card Type: Type VII (brown on white) - "rotating squares frame" with diagonal name and ornate initial "E".
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1880-1882.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s, three-quarter length seated portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: jflong16
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: J.F. Long, of Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63 x 105 mm; Photo 60.5 x 95 mm)
Card Type: Type VIII (gold on dark green) - dark green card stock with bevelled gold edges and embossed gold print on the front, reverse plain.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1892-1897.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Remains of tissue protector on reverse. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified elderly woman, probably in her 50s or 60s, head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait. Retouched around eyes. Possibly an older Nelly Taylor - see images #jflong12 and #jflong13 above.

Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan NO IMAGE
AVAILABLE
ID #: jflong17
Source: Collection of Roger Vaughan
Artist: J.F. Long, of Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IX (gold on dark green) - dark green card stock with bevelled gold edges and embossed gold print on the front, reverse plain.
Date: Undated, probably taken in the late 1890s.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified elderly man, probably in her 50s or 60s, head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait. Retouched around eyes.

Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan NO IMAGE
AVAILABLE
ID #: jflong18
Source: Collection of Roger Vaughan
Artist: J.F. Long, of Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IX (gold on dark green) - dark green card stock with bevelled gold edges and embossed gold print on the front, reverse plain.
Date: Undated, probably taken in the late 1890s.
Notes: Thick card. Rounded corners. Marked "J.F. LONG / EXETER" on front.
Subject: Unidentified elderly woman, probably in her 50s or 60s, head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait. Retouched around eyes.

REFERENCES

Historical Directories from the University of Leicester
Indexed 1841- 1901 Census Images from Ancestry.com
1881 Census Transcript & International Genealogical Index (IGI) from the LDS Church's web site FamilySearch
Partial Transcript of the GRO Index from FreeBMD
Photographers in Devon 1842-1939 : a brief directory for photograph collectors, by C.G. Scott, 1985, The PhotoHistorian Supplement No. 101, ISSN 0957-0209

Trade Directory entries

History, Gazetteer & Directory of Devon (1878-79)
- Long James Frederick, photographer, 45 High Street, and 8 Lower Summerlands, Exeter

Kelly's Directory of Devon (1889)
- Long James Frederick, photographic artist, 45 High street, h. 8 Lower Summerlands, Exeter

Besley's Post Office Directory of Exeter & Suburbs (1894-95)
- Long James Frederick, photographic artist, 45 High street, h. 8 Lower Summerlands, Exeter

Besley's Exeter Directory & Business Guide (1906-11)
- (1909) Long Miss E. 8, Lower Summerlands, photographer
- (1910) Long Miss E. 8, Lower Summerlands, photographer
- (1911) Long Miss E. 8, Lower Summerlands, photographer


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Many thanks to Kerry Morrell and Roger Vaughan for kind contributions of images and information.


All images and information on these pages are © 2006-2007 Brett Payne unless otherwise stated, All Rights Reserved