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Brett Payne's Victorian & Edwardian
Photograph Collection
Index to Victorian & Edwardian
Photographers & Photographic Studios

Home / Studio Index / England / Devon / Exeter / Henry Mower
Henry Mower (1831-) of Torquay, Exeter, Bath, Bristol & Birmingham
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES

Henry Mower was born at Calne, Wiltshire in about 1831, son of a confectioner Thomas Mower and his wife Mary. He appears to have had at least nine children between 1859 and 1876, from separate liaisons with two sisters, Sarah Jane Eden (1839-1901) and Elizabeth Eden (1841-1895), from Devizes, Wiltshire. Henry eventually married Sarah Jane at Bristol in 1875.

Henry MOWER (b. c.1831 Calne WIL, son of Thomas & Mary) ?m1: Elizabeth EDEN (b. c.1841 Devizes WIL d. 1895 Bristol GLS) m2: 1875 Bristol Sarah Jane EDEN (b. c.1841 Devizes WIL d. 1900 Bristol GLS)(both were daughters of Thomas & Mary EDEN of Devizes)
|- Jane Mower EDEN (b. c.1859 Bristol GLS) m: 1877 Bristol GLS William George POOLE (b. c.1857 Bristol GLS)
   |- Ernest William G. POOLE (b. 1879 Bristol GLS)
   |- Frank Henry POOLE (b. c.Mar 1881 Bristol GLS)
   |- Beatrice Mary POOLE (b. c.1882 Bristol GLS)
   |- Frederick N. POOLE (b. c.1884 Sheffield YKS)
   |- Harold Bertie POOLE (b. 1886 Sheffield YKS)
   |- Kate Lilian POOLE (b. 1887 Sheffield YKS)
   |- Alfred Edward POOLE (b. 1893 Sheffield YKS)
   |- Ida POOLE (b. c.1897 Sheffield YKS)
|- Thomas Henry Eden MOWER (b. c.1861 Trowbridge WIL) m: Emily Mary (b. c.1866 Exeter DEV)
   |- Percival "Percy" Henry S. MOWER (b. 1885 Bristol GLS) m: Harriet TALBOT
      |- Graham MOWER
      |- Malcolm MOWER m: Joan Lillian HOPKINSON
      |- Harry MOWER
   |- Ivy Emily M. MOWER (b. 1888 Bristol GLS) m: 1910 Bristol GLS ??
   |- Cecil Sidney MOWER (b. 1890 Bristol GLS)
   |- Ruby MOWER (b. c.1892 Bristol GLS)
|- Beatrice Emma Eden MOWER (b. c.1864 Middle Chinnock SOM)
|- Marston Eden MOWER (b. c.1865 Marston SOM d. 1896 Christchurch HAM)
|- Florence Eden MOWER (b. c.1866 Creech SOM) m: 1889 Barton Regis WIL Harry Ralph MARSHALL
   |- Norman H.R. MARSHALL (b. c.1891 Bristol GLS)
|- Kate Eden MOWER (b. c.1866 Creech/West Chinnock SOM) m: 1892 Calne WIL Edwin Henry BELL (b. c.1867 d. 1897 Barton Regis)
   |- Kathleen Ada BELL (b. 1893 Bristol GLS)
   |- Edwin Seymour BELL (b. c.1895 Bristol GLS)
|- Bertram Eden MOWER (b. c.1868 Exeter DEV)
|- Ada Eden MOWER (b. c.1870 Exeter DEV) m: 1892 Bristol GLS William GRANT (b. c.1856 SCT)
   |- William Gordon GRANT (b. c.1892 Bristol GLS)
   |- Alexander GRANT (b. c.1895 Bristol GLS)
   |- Morrison GRANT (b. c.1899 Bristol GLS)
|- Percival "Percy" MOWER (b. c.1876 Bath SOM m: 1899 Bath GLS Florence Mary HILL (b. c.1880 d. 1900 Bristol GLS) m2: 1902 Bath GLS ??
   |- Percival Marston MOWER (b. & d. 1900 Bristol GLS)
Henry Mower appears to have first worked as a travelling photographer, appearing as a photographic artist (lodger) in Acton Turville, Gloucestershire in the April 1861 census. However, by the mid-1860s he had started a studio at London House, Belgrave Road, Torquay in Devon. He opened another studio at 27 South Street, Exeter in about 1869, and by April 1871 he was living there with his brother-in-law Joseph Eden (1852-1883), who was working as an assistant in the shop. Jane Eden was still living at 6 Hall's Buildings, Belgrave Road, Tormoham (a suburb of Torquay) with three children, and working as a housekeeper, while a John Waite (1831-1889) was shown as a photographer in the same lodgings. It seems likely that Waite was running the Torquay studio for Henry at this time, since Scott (1985) shows Mower listed there until at least 1873. It seems likely that Waite took over the Torquay studio between then and 1878, when Scott lists the premises under his name. Elizabeth Eden, on the other hand, was living with another three children at 6 Clifton Road, Exeter in April 1871, and working as a general servant.

Henry Mower and Sarah Jane Eden were married at Bristol in 1875, and he appears to have opened studios in both Bath and Bristol shortly afterwards. However, he maintained the studio in Exeter until at least 1885. In April 1881 Frederick Tom Parsons (1858-) is shown as a photographer at 29 South Street in the census, and presumably ran the studio for him. Scott (1985) lists an undated portrait which shows that the studio was at some stage named, the "Mower's Portrait Rooms," the latter being managed by W.H. Halliday (see below for further details of Halliday). Another, also undated, shows the premises at 29 South Street as, "T.H. Mower, late H. Mower, Bristol & Exeter Portrait Co."

The Bath studio premises appear to have been open from at least 1876 until 1884, when Henry was shown at 3 Argyle place, Grove street. However, both Henry Mower and Elizabeth Eden (1841-1895) also had several studios in Bristol from 1876 onwards. Vaughan shows Henry with premises at 8 Ruysdael Place in 1876, although Elizabeth was operating at that address under her own name in 1879. In 1880, Henry had a shop at 31 Park Street (another entrance on 3 Park Row), while Elizabeth was at 8 Triangle South, Queen's Road. The Park street premises remained open through the 1880s, and by April 1891 two of Henry's sons, Marston Mower (1865-1896) and Thomas Henry Mower (1861-) were also working as photographers, Marston probably with his father and Thomas Henry with Elizabeth Eden in premises at 9 Clare Street.

In the late 1890s, Henry's youngest son Percival "Percy" M. Mower (1876-) also became a photographer, probably taking over the busines of his elder brother Marston at 23 Clarence Road, Bristol, on the latter's death in 1896. He was shown at that address until at least 1931. In 1914 Thomas Henry's wife, Emily Mary Mower (1866-) was listed in premises at 14 Hanbury road, Clifton, Bristol, while the old family business, which had been referred to as Mower & Co. since at least 1899, and continued at these premises until 1928. It was possibly a successor to Mower, Eden & Co. which operated c. 1892 at 39 Park Street, the name Eden being dropped after the death of Elizabeth in 1895.

I have found no positive sightings of Henry Mower senior in census records after 1881, although directories (in Aston et al, 1987) suggest that he had another studio at 124 Digbeth, Birmingham, Warwickshire from 1886 to 1893, and a second studio at 72 Parade for the latter from 1888 to 1893. However, his wife Sarah Jane was shown as still married, rather than as a widow in the 1891 Census, so presumably he was still alive at that time.

Thomas Henry Mower's son Percy moved from Bristol to Bath. He and then his oldest son Graham Mower ran a studio in Westgate Street, which is still operating as a studio today.

W. H. Holliday - Manager of Mower's Portrait Rooms (c1870-1872)

William Henry Holliday (1846-1907) was a professional photographer from Hampshire. He was born in Portsmouth and began his working career in Southampton. He married Fanny Dibbens in Southampton in 1867 and a son Alfred was born there in the following year. By the fourth quarter of 1870, when his daughter Clara Elizabeth Holliday was born, William Holliday was living in Exeter. Two years later, in the third quarter of 1872, he had moved to Chagford in the Okehampton district of Devon.

In early 1875 Holliday was in Somerset, but by the time of the 1881 census return was back in Hampshire, where he is shown as living in Obelisk Road, Woolston, near Southampton, and is described as a "Photographic Artist". William H. Holliday later operated his own photographic studios in Winchester, in Parchment Street (1887-1895), and at 36 Jewry Street (1898-1907). William Henry Holliday died in Winchester in 1907 at the age of 61. His son Alfred William Holliday (b. 1868) was also photographer with his own studio at Alton in Hampshire (1895-1909).


If you have any further information about Henry Mower, his family, and their studios, or if you have any photographs by them, please email me. I welcome contributions of images to increase the variety of coverage on this site. If you are able to identify or have an interest in any of the subjects in the photographs shown below, I would also be very keen on hearing from you.
CARD TYPES
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type Ia
Used mid- to late 1860s
Ribbon & rope device
five fonts & extra text
violet ink on buff card
Torquay studio
Type Ib
Used late 1860s to early 1870s
Ribbon & rope device
four fonts & extra text
violet ink on white card
27 South Street studio
Type II
Used early to mid-1870s
Simple, 3 fonts
with extra text
Black ink on pale grey card
27 South Street studio
Type III
Used early to mid-1870s
Ribbon & rope device
four fonts & extra text
Violet ink on buff card
29 South Street studio

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type IVa
Used early to mid-1870s
Ribbon & rope device
with "floating corners" frame
six fonts & extra text
Gold ink on white card
27 South Street studio
Type IVb
Used early to mid-1870s
Ribbon & rope device
with "floating corners" frame
six fonts & extra text
Violet ink on white card
27 South Street studio
Type V
Used early 1880s
Scrolls & flowers, three fonts
Brown ink on buff card
29 South Street studio
Type VI
Used mid- to late 1880s
Simple, ornate initial "B" with ivy
seven fonts with extra text
thick red border on front
brown ink on buff card
31 Park Street (Bristol) studio

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne
Type VII
Used late 1880s to early 1890s
Dark green glossy card
Blank reverse
Gold embossed writing on front
8 Clare Street (Bristol) studio
Type VIII
Used 1920s & 1930s
Divided back post card
card stock by K Ltd
39 Park Street (Bristol) &
19a Westgate Street (Bath) studios

PORTFOLIO Contribute a Photo
Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: hmower01
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: H. Mower, London House, Belgrave Road, Torquay
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 104.5 mm; Photo 60 x 90 mm)
Card Type: Type Ia (pale violet) - ribbon & rope device, with 3 fonts & extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1866-1868
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. No marks on front.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or early 40s; full length standing portrait with chair and architectural backdrop.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: hmower03
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: H. Mower, 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. 1109
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 104 mm; Photo 60 x 91.5 mm)
Card Type: Type Ib (pale violet) - ribbon & rope device, with 3 fonts & extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1871-1874
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Inscribed "Lizzie Salter" on reverse
Subject: Lizzie Salter, probably in her 20s or 30s; head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: hmower02
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: H. Mower, 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63 x 99 mm; Photo 58 x 92 mm)
Card Type: Type Ib (pale violet) - ribbon & rope device, with 3 fonts & extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1869-1871
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Trimmed at bottom.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 30s; full length seated portrait with table, book and posy basket.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: hmower11
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: H. Mower, 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. 7051
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type II (black) - text only, 3 fonts with extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1869-1871
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified older woman, probably in her 40s or 50s; full length seated portrait with table and books.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: hmower13
Source: Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: H. Mower, 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 105 mm Photo 58 x 88.5 mm)
Card Type: Type II (black) - text only, 3 fonts with extra text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1869-1871
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified woman, probably in her late 20s or 30s; full length standing portrait with jacket and parasol in "rustic" studio setting.

Image © & Collection of Marcia Penny NO IMAGE
AVAILABLE
ID #: hmower04
Source: Sellek Family Album, Collection of Marcia Penny
Artist: H. Mower, of 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: -
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1878
Notes: -
Subject: Caroline "Carrie" Ellen Coxwell (b. 1852); full-length standing portrait with chair.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: hmower05
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: H. Mower, of 29 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 64.5 x 105.5 mm; Photo 60.5 x 91.5 mm)
Card Type: Type III (pale violet) - ribbon & rope device, with 3 fonts & new text.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1873-1876
Notes: Thin card. Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or early 30s; half-length vignetted portrait with chair.

Image © & Collection of Brett Payne Image © & Collection of Brett Payne ID #: hmower06
Source: Exeter Album, Collection of Brett Payne
Artist: H. Mower, of 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite (Mount 63.5 x 106 mm; Photo 56.5 x 90 mm)
Card Type: Type IVa (gold) - ribbon & rope device, with floating corners frame, 6 fonts & extra text above and below.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1876-1879
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Single line frame around photo and inscription "H. Mower / Exeter"
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or early 30s; head-and-shoulders vignetted portrait.

Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin Image © & Collection of Leonie Cousin ID #: hmower10
Source: Collection of Leonie Cousin
Artist: H. Mower, of 27 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. 25649
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type IVb (violet) - ribbon & rope device, with floating corners frame, 6 fonts & extra text above and below.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1876-1879
Notes: Thin card. Square corners. Single line frame around photo and inscription "H. Mower / Exeter"
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or early 30s; full length seated portrait.

Image © & Collection of David Simkin Image © & Collection of David Simkin ID #: hmower09
Source: Collection of David Simkin
Artist: Mower's Portrait Rooms (W.H. Holliday, Manager), of 29 South Street, Exeter
Negative No. 42349
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type V (brown on buff) - scroll and flowers, 3 fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken c.1880-1882
Notes: Square corners.
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or early 30s; full length portrait with table and chair.

Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan Image © & Collection of Roger Vaughan ID #: hmower07
Source: Collection of Roger Vaughan
Artist: H. Mower, of 31 Park Street & Park Row, Bristol
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type VI (brown) - ornate initial letter, 7 fonts.
Date: Undated, probably taken mid- to late 1880s
Notes: Rounded corners. Thick red border, and inscription "H. Mower / 3 Park St & Park Row / Bristol"
Subject: Unidentified young woman, probably in her 20s or early 30s; three-quarter length standing portrait in "rustic" studio setting.

Image © & Collection of John Godin NO IMAGE
AVAILABLE
ID #: hmower08
Source: Collection of John Godin
Artist: Mower, Eden & Co., of 8 Clare Street (corner of March St), Bristol
Negative No. -
Size: Carte de visite
Card Type: Type VII (gold on dark green) - embossed gold lettering on dark green card, blank reverse.
Date: Undated, probably taken c. 1893-1894
Notes: -
Subject: Henry Ellis (1846-1910) & Rachel Ellis née Duddridge (1851-) with their eldest son John "Jack" Ellis (b. c.1893); full length family portrait.

Image © & Collection of Peter Ainsworth Image © & Collection of Peter Ainsworth ID #: hmower12
Source: Collection of Peter Ainsworth
Artist: H. Mower, of 39 Park Street, Bristol & 19a Westgate Street, Bath
Negative No. -
Size: Post card
Card Type: Type VIII (black on white) - divided back; card stock by K Ltd.
Date: Undated, probably taken c. 1920s-1930s
Notes: -
Subject: Unidentified man, probably in his 30s or 40s; three-quarter length standing portrait with snooker cue & trophy.

REFERENCES

Historical Directories from the University of Leicester
Indexed 1841- 1901 Census Images from Ancestry.com
1881 Census Transcript & International Genealogical Index (IGI) from the LDS Church's web site FamilySearch
Partial Transcript of the GRO Index from FreeBMD
Photographers in Devon 1842-1939 : a brief directory for photograph collectors, by C.G. Scott, 1985, The PhotoHistorian Supplement No. 101, ISSN 0957-0209

Trade Directory entries

Devonshire Trades Directory (1878-1879)
- Mower Henry, photographer, 29 South street, Exeter; and Bristol

Slater's Directory of N & S Wales etc. (1880)
- Mower, Henry, photographer, 31 Park st. & 3 Park row, Bristol
- Eden Elizabeth, photographic artist, 8 Triangle South, Queen's rd, Bristol

Post Office Bath Directory (1884-85)
- Mower Henry, photographer, 3 Argyle place, Grove street, Bath

Warwickshire Trade Directory (1888)
- Mower Henry, photographer, 124 Digbeth, Birmingham

Kelly's Directory of Bristol (1902)
- Mower & Co. photographers, 39 Park street, Bristol
- Mower Mars. V. photographer, 23 Clarence road, Bristol

Kelly's Directory of Bristol (1914)
- Mower Percival M. photographer, 23 Clarence road West st, Bristol
- Mower Mrs Emily Mary, 14 Hanbury road, Clifton, Bristol
- Mower & Co. photographers, 39 Park Street, St Augustines's Bristol
- Mower Cecil S. motor engineer, 17 & 18 Nelson street, Bristol


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Many thanks to Sarah Mower, Stephanie Smith, Peter Ainsworth, Leonie Cousin, John Godin, Marcia Penny, David Simkin and Roger Vaughan for kind contributions of images and information.


All images and information on these pages are © 2006-2007 Brett Payne unless otherwise stated, All Rights Reserved