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Hartshorne
Parish Page


Hartshorne village scene, Courtesy of The Magic Attic
(handed tinted B/W postcard) 
Parish Descriptions & Trade Directories (c.1712-1932)

Parish Registers (1594-1944) - incl. Transcripts (1594-1812)
Hearth Tax Assessments & Census Transcripts (1662, 1841, 1851)
History
Maps (16th Century-Recent)
Photographs
Local Links
Surname Interests

Trade Directory Extracts
Parish Descriptions
Lists of Tradesmen

Parish & Non-Conformist Registers
Hartshorne (St Peter)
Included the hamlet of Woodville until 1847.  Microfilm copies of parish registers at Derbyshire County Record Office at Matlock.
(DCRO call nos. D 976/A/PI/I/1-4, 2/1-3, 3/1-6, 4/1, 5/1-2.)
-   Baptisms  1594-1944
-   Marriages  1594-1938
-   Banns  1754-1767, 1824-1888
-   Burials  1594-1940
Parish Chest & Poor Law Records  1612-1812 (DCRO call no. D976/A/PW/1-2, PO/1-2)

Microfilm copies are also available for ordering via local LDS Family History Centres, as follows:
Parish Registers
Baptisms, marriages & burials (1594-1625, 1626-1747, 1747-1806 (marr. to 1754 only)), baptisms & burials (1806-1812), baptisms (1813-1944) - LDS Film Number 2082207 Items 8-4.
Marriages (1755-1938), banns of marriages (1824-1888), burials (1813-1940) - LDS Film Number 2082302 Items 1-9.
Bishop's Transcripts
Baptisms, marriages & burials (1673-1810) - LDS Film Number 428914 Item 1.
Baptisms, marriages & burials (1813-1869) - LDS Film Number 498086 Item 2.
Parish Chest & Poor Law Records
Churchwardens' Accounts (1612-1681, 1738-1812), Overseers' Accounts (1671-1700, 1704-1777) - LDS Film Number 2082596 Items 2-5.

Baptisms and marriages from the Bishop's Transcripts have been included in the IGI, which may be searched at the LDS site on-line, using the following batch numbers:
C060991    Baptisms    1813-1849, 1868-1869
C060992    Baptisms    1673-1810
M060991   Marriages   1813-1837
M060992   Marriages   1673-1810
However, it should be noted that the Bishop's Transcripts are incomplete, while transcriptions occasionally innacurate, and entries should be checked against the original parish registers wherever possible.

The following Non-Conformist Records are also available through the LDS Church Family History Centres:

Wesleyan Methodist Church - Woodville & Swadlincote Circuit
Baptisms (1873-1925)
DCRO call no. D4190/1/1-4, D4193/1/1-6.
LDS Film Number 2091109 Items 4-13.
** Looking for a volunteer to transcribe  **


Parish Register Transcripts
Hartshorne St. Peter Parish Registers  Transcribed by Brett Payne.
Baptisms
1594-1600
1601-1650
1651-1700
1701-1750
1751-1800
1801-1812
Surname Index
A-C
D-H
I-R
S-Y
Z
Marriages
1594-1650
1651-1700
1701-1725
1726-1754
1754-1775
1776-1800
1801-1825
1826-1837
1837-1850
1851-1875
1876-1898
Surname Index
A-B
C-G
H-J
K-Q
R-S
T-Y
Z
Burials
1594-1600
1601-1650
1651-1700
1701-1750
1751-1800
1801-1812
1801-1825
1826-1850
1851-1875
1876-1902
Surname Index
A-B
C-G
H-J
K-P
Q
R-S
T-Y
Z

Bishop's Transcripts
These transcripts of the Bishop's Transcripts for Hartshorne were done by members of the South Derbyshire Local History Research Group while researching "At the Sign of the Bull's Head" in 1982-83, and have been very kindly made available for reproduction on this web site by Clyde Dissington of The Magic Attic.
Baptisms Transcript  1701-17501751-1801
Surname Index (1701-1801)


Census Transcripts

1662 Hearth Tax Assessments for Hartshorne
Reproduced here by kind permission of Philip Riden, Secretary of the Derbyshire Record Society (DRS).  The DRS has published a full transcript of the "Derbyshire Hearth Tax Assessments 1662-70", edited by David G. Edwards, in 1982, and has recently reprinted it.  I'm very grateful to Sonia Addis-Smith, who provided me with a copy of the relevant section of this transcript.

1841 Census Hartshorne Very kindly transcribed by Gill Castle, with indexing and minor amendments by Brett Payne. N.B. the films were difficult to read, and there may well be errors in this transcription - any corrections would be appreciated.
Surname Index
Transcript  1-498  499-997998-1385

1851 Census  [Transcribed and indexed by Brett Payne.]
HO 107/2084 Ashby de la Zouch 414, Hartshorne District 2, Enumeration District 9a
All that Part of the Parish of Hartshorne called the Over Town, and that of the Ecclesiastical District of Woodville within the said Parish also the Short Hazells, Sevell Wood, the Cottages in Heath Lane, the Coppice Farm and Cottage.  Enumerator: Thomas Brown.
Folios 278-282
HO 107/2084 Ashby de la Zouch 414, Hartshorne District 2, Enumeration District 9b
All that Part of the Parish of Hartshorne called the Nether Town comprising the Buildings Toll Gate House leading to Ticknall, Glovers Mill the Leather Mill, Hoofys Farm Longlands Midway lying on the North side of the Turnpike Road leading from Burton upon Trent to Ashby de la Zouch the Wood Farm Woodville Lock up House and the Broomy Farm.  Enumerator: Thomas Kendrick.
Folios 286-290 291-295 296-300 301-305
Surname Index

The 1851 Census Name Index for the Hartshorne Sub-District (Volume 2:1) of the Ashby Registration Area (PRO Ref. RG8 Piece Number 2084 Folios 278-305) has been published on microfiche and in book form by the Derbyshire Family History Society.

The 1891 Census Name Index for the Hartshorne Sub-District (PRO Ref. RG12 Piece No. 2509) has also been published on microfiche by the Derbyshire Family History Society.


History
Some historical material can be found in the Trade Directory descriptions above.

Place Names
Extracted from: Field Names in South Derbyshire, by William Fraser, published in 1947, by Norman Adlard & Co. Ltd., Ipswich.
Hartshorne
Most of these names I extracted from a Sale Catalogue of the Carnarvon estate dated 1911.  Others came from the E.A. of 1766.  I was unfortunate as regards the field which once formed the Rectory estate, as although nearly 400 acres were allotted by the Commissioners in 1766, the present incumbent has no terrier or plan in connection therewith.
ALBRIGHTON.  Probably a miswriting of the name of John Albrington, who was farming in Hartshorn in 1857 (White).
BAYLEYS FIELD.  This close lies near Hartshorn Heath Farm, which was occupied in 1895 by John Bailey.  A Bayley was Surveyor of Highways in 1782, and the name occurs frequently in the church registers.
BENDS, THE.  An oblong straight-sided close, so the name can have no reference to its (present) shape.  Might the meaning be found in the "bend"-shape (reversed S) of the ridges of arable when the eight-ox plough was pulled to the left while still at some distance from the headland?
BRICKHOUSE HILL.  This close takes its name from a now-vanished farmhouse, called Brick House, which is shewn on the 1836 O.S. map.  Traces of it still remain.
BUGLEY MEADOW.  "Ley" is O.E. leah, a clearing.  Halliwell has bugy, rough ; possibly the rough clearing, but in the absence of earlier forms this meaning cannot be put forward with confidence.
CHEESE MEADOW.  Contiguous to Short Hazels Farm, an ancient farmstead (John de Schorthasles is witness to a grant made in the middle of the 13th century - D.A.J. 53, p. 68) which, in White's time (1857) had been occupied by the Glover family for upwards of 300 years.  Cheese Meadow no doubt denotes a rich herbage producing good cheese.  An alternative explanation is that this was the dairywoman's perquisite in land.  (Cunningham: Growth of Eng. Indist., etc.)
CRAM LANDS CLOSE.  Possibly "crooked lands". From O.E. cromb, crooked.
CUTTING KNIFE CLOSE.  The origin of this name, as doubtless of many others, is probably bound up with some ephemeral incident or usage the clue to which has long been lost.
DANIEL HAYES.  The close is on the Smisby boundary, in which parish there is a farmhouse named Daniel Hays on a very ancient site.  An early 15th cent. form appears in Jeayes No. 1980 as Denewellhay.  A mid-13th cent. form is Denewellehay.  The name appears to be Dene-well-hay, i.e., the enclosure by the valley-spring. (v. Smisby.)
DAWSONS ROCKS.  This rough uncultivated tract of land, intersected by a steep-sided, wooded valley, lies in the three parishes of Hartshorn, Repton, and Ticknall.  Other names I have heard given to it are Carvers Rocks, Lowes Rocks, Repton Rocks, and Hartshorn Rocks.  The Dawson family lived at Repton Waste Farm, and a number of them lie in the Foremark churchyard.  The Carvers were a Hartshorn family ; one was churchwarden in 1787, and another Overseer in 1809.  The two latter names are, of course, geographical.  The old gritstone quarries, with mats of liong at their feet, are in Hartshorn.
DETHICKS BRIGG.  The Rev. William Dethick bequeathed £100 to the parishes of Hartshorn and Newhall in 1624.  Samuel Dethick was buried at Hartshorn in 1705.  A considerable stream bounds this close on the W., which doubtless accounts for the "bridge".
DIMBER FIELD.  The only instance of this name I have come across.  Halliwell states that in Worcestershire it means "pretty".
DYERS CROFT.  Probably indicates some kind of crop.  Prof. G.M. Revelyan, writing of 16th cent. England, states: "Industrial crops were also coming much into use ... Woad, madder, and the great fields of saffron in Essex ... supplied the dyers of cloth."  (English Social History, p. 145).
FOULAS RIDDING.  A map of Weedon Lois parish, Northants., dated 1593, has the field name "Fowle Riddinge."  I suggest the Hartshorn form agrees with this, and that the meaning is dirty, or perhaps badly-finished, clearing.  O.E., hryding, clearing (of land).
GOSELEYS, THE.  This is either Goose Leys, goose-pasturing, or Gorse Leys, clearings studded with gorse.  The 1836 O.S. map gives the latter form, as does the E.A. of 1766, which seems pretty conclusive.  Wyld, (Pl-names of Lancs:) illustrates the former meaning from a charter of A.D. 931, gosleage wege, the goose-lea way.
GRANARY CLOSE.  Near the village, N.E. of the present mill-pond.  When the parish was enclosed in 1766 the large allotment of 394 acres was made to the Rector in lieu of tithe, etc.  Possibly he had a granary-barn on this spot.
GRAVEL PLOUGH.  This close is situated on the top of Gravel-pit Hill ; the "Plough" would indicate arable.
HARDYS GATE.  On the Burton-Ashby turnpike.  A toll-gate stood there and this would be the keeper's name.
HARLE ACRES.  "Harle" is an error for Hazle or Hazel (q.v.).  According to the E.A. of 1766 Hazle Acres lay in Edge Field in the S. of the parish, and this is the position occupied by the alleged "Harle" Acres.
HAZEL ACRES.  A close on Short Hazels Farm (v. Cheese Meadow).  In 1525 the manor of "Shorthassels" was held by Thomas Royle of the King in socage by the tenure of fealty.  (D.A.J. 17, p. 119).  John de Shortehaseles was plaintiff in a Fine heard at Derby in 1269 (D.A.J. 11, p.100).
HOOFIES FARM.  In White (1857) this is Hoof Hay.  E.P.N.S. 19, 331/2, explains the process by which O.E. holh, hollow, eventually survives in modern field-names as Hove and Hoof.  The name appears as Hulhay (hollow-hay) in a charter of c. 1260 granting lands in Hartshorn to the canons of Rependon (D.A.J. 53, p. 70).  The meaning seems to be, therefore, "the enclosure in the hollow," an explanation which fits topographically.
LADYFIELDS.  Several adjacent closes are so named, with distinguishing affixes.  The usual explanation for a name like this is that it has been ecclesiastical ground in pre-Reformation times ; later on the probable "Our" in front of Lady would be dropped.
LEICESTER HEATH.  The S. corner of this close touches the parish of Blackfordby, which is in Leicestershire.  In this case it is not a question of naming from a neighbouring parish but from a neighbouring county.  Cf. Hartshorn Field, under Bretby.
MANCHESTER LAND.  This close faces Leicester Heath on the other side of the lane.  I have no explanation.  Manchester Close appears in the E.A. as an Old Enclosure, and there appears to have been a small open-field called Manchester Field.
MEAKINS HILL.  This must be a personal name, although I failed to notice it in the church registers, etc.
MOXONS (HILL).  The name given on the O.S. one-inch map to the hill rising to the W. of Glover's Mill.  Nathaniel Moxon was a churchwarden in 1741, and the name appears in the Churchwardens' Accounts.  An Old Enclosure in the E.A. of 1766 was Maxon Close.
NAN KIRK.  Doubtless a well-known local character, although I have not been able to trace any reference to her.
OVERWOOD. A close of six acres.  In a deed of 1622 (Derby Ref. Lib., Deed No. 1880) appears the entry : "I Land in the Ouerwood."
REDLANDS.  Surely so named from the colour of the soil.
RED SOIL.  See Redlands.
RIDDING.  From O.E. hryding, clearing, i.e. land "cleared" of trees and brushwood for cultivation purposes.  A name fairly common in what have been woodland areas.  It survives also as Redding, Riding, etc.  These closes adjoin Foulas Ridding (q.v.)
RODNEY MEADOW.  Opposite this close stands the inn called the "Admiral Rodney."
RUSH MORE.  Probably the rushy waste-land.  From O.E. mor, waste or barren land.  The close is on a considerable brook.
SANDHOLE FIELD.  Self explanatory.  On the parish boundary at Lower Midway.
SEVERAL WOOD (FARM).  This name relates to private or individual, as opposed to common, ownership or occupation.  The woodland area near the farmhouse was not so named, as a recent writer on this district states, because the woods there were several in number.
SHUTTLEY, THE.  An ancient name.  It appears as Schutlowe in mid-13th century (D.A.J. 53, p. 69).  A deed of 1662 gives its present spelling (Derby Ref. Lib., Deed No. 1880).  Shutt or Shoot is a term brought forward from the old open-field lay-out.
SIZEWELL GRASS (AND SIZEWELL PLOUGH).  The first element has reference to some obscure arrangement in farming practice.  Arthur Young, in Annals of Agriculture (1784-1815) states that to "size" is to draw out new ridges nearly in the direction of the original ones.  Ellis, in Modern Husbandry (1750), says: "They plough two, three, or four size-lands into one broad-land."  What "well" may indicate in relation to the first element I cannot say.  "Grass" and "Plough," I take it, relate to pasture and arable respectively.
SLANG.  See under Swarkeston. [The name often given to a long and (usually very) narrow field.  It is common in South Derbyshire.]
SPENCERS BIT.  According to the registers Mary Spencer was buried in 1705 and Thomas Spencer in 1709.  The name appears frequently.
STOBBS LADYFIELD.  Halliwell states that to "stob out" land was to portion it out by stobs or posts.
TEBBEW.  This close lies on the E. boundary of the parish and joins up with a close in Smisby called Tabew (q.v.).  The two forms are obviously variants of one name, which appears in the Hartshorn E.A. of 1766 as Tebhough.  The terminal "hough" is probably hill, barrow, "how."  (Cf. The Howgh, under Newton Solney).  What "teb" means I cannot say.
TEWITT HILL.  According to the E.D.D. this is the same as Peewit Hill.
TWOPENNY CLOSE.  This name may be a gibe at its size - one and a half acres - or may have reference to an early rental.
WAGON HOVEL CLOSE.  There is now no hovel in this close.  The "wagon" would be to differentiate its purpose from that of the common Hovel Close.
WILDERFIELD.  The family of Wilder is well authenticated in the district.  A William Wilder was a landowner in Hartshorn parish in 1857, and also occupied the extra-parochial estate in Ticknall called Tatshall Fee (White).  Richard Wilder was a Hartshorn churchwarden in 1771 (D.A.J. 7, p. 60) and the name appears in the Churchwardens' Accounts under the year 1741, etc.

Extracted from: The Place Names of Derbyshire, Vol. XXIX, Part Three, by Kenneth Cameron, published in 1959, by the Cambridge University Press.
Hartshorne (parts of this parish were transferred to Bretby and Swadlincote in 1934)
Heorteshorne, in alia Heorteshorne 1086 DB
Hertes-, -is-, -horn(e) c. 1141, 1162 Tutbury, 1195, 1196 P, 1196 FF, c. 1196 DbCh, 1197 P, 1221 Cur et passim to 1495 AddCh, -us- 1369 Cor, Hertyshornys 1499 AddCh
Herteshurn' 1221 Cur (p)
Hortishorn c. 1245 DbAns vi, 1284-6 FA
Hartsorn 1348 Cor, Hartyshorn 1544 DKR, Hart(e)shorn(e) 1577 Saxton, 1610 Speed et passim
'Hart's horn', v. heort, horn, no doubt named from Horn Hill, south-east of the village, from its supposed resemblance to a hart's horn.  The DB entries refer to the two parts of the village ; in the more northerly is the old hall and in the more southerly the old Manor House and Church (FW). Cf. Hartshorn Fm (PN Nt 54).
SHORT HAZELS, S(c)hort(e)has(e)les c. 1260, 1263, c. 1265, c. 1270 DbAns vi (p), 1265, 1269 FF (p), 1269 Ass (p), Scherthasles alias Sherthales 1317 Ipm (p), Shorthasselles 1538 MinAcct, Shorthassels 1545 DbA xxvii.  Presumably referring to 'hazels which had been pollarded', v.sc(e)ort, haesel.
BROOMY FURLONG, Broom Flatt 1767 Burdett.
BUGLEY (6").
THE BUILDING, The Buildings 1836 O.
CAULKLEY WOOD (6"), 1836 ib.
COPPICE FM, Coppin Hall 1767 Burdett.
GLOVER'S MILL (6"), cf. Mary Glover 1857 White.
GOSELEYS (6"), Gorseleys 1766 EnclA, v. gorst, laes.
HOOFIES FM (6"), Hoof Hay 1857 White
HORN HILL, 1766 EnclA. cf. Horne Feild 1662 Derby, v. Hartshorne supra 637.
LEE WOOD (6"), The Leewoods 1766 EnclA.
LONGLANDS (6"), Longlands Farm 1836 O, v. lang, land.
MOXON'S HILL, cf. Nathaniel Moxon 1741 ParReg.
NETHER HALL, Netherhall 1504 Ipm.
OLD HALL (6"), Overhall 1504 ib.
SEVERAL WOOD (6"), Seuerall Woode 1547 MinAcct, perhaps a wood in private ownership v. PN C 354, PN O 465.
Field Names
The principal forms in (a) were supplied by WF; the source is in the main 1911 SaleCat; forms dated 1656 and 1662 are Derby, the rest DbAns vi except where noted.
(a) Albrighton ; Bayleys Field (cf. John Bayley 1895 WF) ; the Bends ; Bleak Hill ; Brickhouse Hill ; Cheese Meadow ; Cram Lands (v. cramb, land) ; Cutting Knife Close ; Dark Lane Field ; Dethicks Brigg (cf. the Rev. William Dethick 1624 WF) ; Dimber Field ; Dyers Croft ; Elder Hill ; Foulas Ridding (v. rydding) ; Granary Close ; Gravel Plough ; Hardys Gate ; Hazel Acres ; King Hill ; Ladyfields (v. hlaefdige, feld) ; Leicester Heath (it abuts on the Leicestershire boundary, v. infra 759) ; Nan Kirk ; Overwood (Overwood 1662, v. uferra, wudu) ; The Parlour ; Redlands ; Red Soil ; Ridding (v. rydding) ; Right Hand Bottom ; Rodney Meadow (named from the Admiral Rodney Inn) ; Rush More (v. risc, mor) ; Sandhole Field ; the Shuttley (Schutlowe c. 1260, c. 1270, Shuttley 1662, v. hlaw ; there has been the common interchange of hlaw and leah) ; Sizewell Grass ; Slang (v. slang (n)) ; Sough Ditch (v. sogh, dic) ; Spencers Bit (cf. Thomas Spencer 1709 ParReg) ; Spring Fields ; Stone Pit Hill (cf. Stonepitt close 1656) ; Tebbew ; Tewitt Hill (from dial. tewitt 'peewit' and hyll) ; Three Hills ; Twopenny Close (Twopenny Close 1656, so named from its rent) ; Wagon Hovel Close ; Wilderfield (cf. Richard Wilder 1771 DbA vii) ; Woodfield.
(b) Apiltrefurlong c. 1260 (v. aeppel-treow, furlang) ; Barland Field 1662 ; Bradmeadow 1662 (v. brad, maed) ; Brechem c. 1245 (v. brec) ; Brocle 1208 FF (v. brocc, leah) ; Bull Lands 1662 ; Edge Field 1662 ; Forehaye 1252 FF (v. fore (ge)haeg) ; the Forty 1662 (v. ford-eg) ; Helneclif c. 1206-22 (v. clif) ; Hetle 1208 FF (v. haed, leah) ; Hewe Lee c. 1265-70 (from the pers.n. Hugh and leah) ; the Hound Hill 1662 (v. hund, hyll) ; Lutlele 1208 FF (v. lytel, leah) ; Malinbreche 1263 ('Malin's newly cultivated land', v. mot, hlaw) ; Oxeford 1662 (v. oxa, ford) ; Petitvoleye 1252 FF ; Rough Close 1656 ; Rounds Meadow 1656 ; Settlawe c. 1206-22 (apparently 'seat-shaped hill', from OE *set-hlaw, cf. set-copp) ; Sharpeclif c. 1245, c. 1270 (v. scearp, clif) ; Slade Acre 1662 (v. slaed, aecer) ; Stoklowe c. 1260, Stok- 1263 (v. stocc, hlaw) ; Sutle 1208 FF (v. sud, leah).


Maps
A good range of Small and Large Scale Maps of Hartshorne, from both this and other web sites.

Photographs
The Hartshorne Village Web Site has some good recent photographs of Hartshorne village, including the Church, Church Hall & Wesleyan Chapel, the Church of England Primary School, three of the village Pubs, and various other Miscellaneous village views.  There is also a good Aerial Photograph
Local Links
Hartshorne Village Web Site  This excellent site has plenty of material of relevance to the family history researcher, including:
History Overview and Origins
Church History and Description of the Building
Relevant Publications

Surname Interests
If you would like to add your Hartshorne surname(s) or other historical interests to this web site, please Email me.  I can also insert hyper-links from the entries in the Trade Directory Listings to your web site or contact details.  If you are able to provide some genealogical or historical information about your family and its relationship with Hartshorne, this would also be most welcome.
Indexes to Surnames & Subjects
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This page last updated 7 April 2003 © Brett Payne