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2nd Battalion Canadian Machine Gun Corps
War Diaries - Appendices (April 1918)
Transcribed from National Archives of Canada, Records of the Department of Militia and Defence, RG9, Series III-D-3 (War Diaries), Volume 4985, 2nd Canadian Machine Gun Battalion, March 1918 - April 1919; Microfilm Reel T-10817 (Files 621 & 622). © National Archives of Canada. Reproduced by Permission.
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RESUME FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL

On Battalion being transferred to 3rd Army Area from 1st Army Area three days were spent continually "Standing To" and "Standing By". Very little opportunity was given to carry out re-organization into new Batteries. Another difficulty was that in transfer from one Army to another, the indents for additional transport were cancelled, thus necessitating another indent, and a considerable delay. On relieving 3rd Division (British) it was found that map locations given by this Division were in some cases 500 yards out. This was caused by the hard fighting the British Division had gone through (having repelled six German attacks), withdrawing, and having little or no opportunity to re-organize or to resect positions. It was found that although the guns looked well on paper, when they were actually in place, defences did not appear to be very sound. A complete change of policy of defence had to be made, and instead of having over 30 per cent of guns in front line, they were placed in depth, and organized in Batteries of from 2 to 4 guns. Communications on taking over were by D-3 phone to Advanced M.G. Battalion Headquarters and from there all communication was by runner. No visual signalling was in use. Divisional Signals had no trace of buried cable in this Area. Nearest known buried cable is North of AGNY. By 3rd April all Company Headquarters, Transport lines, and two Section Headquarters were connected up. By 5th April communications were very much improved. Nearly all Section Headquarters were connected up with Company Headquarters by phone and VISUAL (Lucas Lamps) were installed at Company Headquarters and kept in touch with station on BEAUMETZ HILL. The Lamp System not entirely satisfactory as in misty weather such as occurred between 4th to 6th inst., the stations were found to be too far apart, and lamps were not available to install sufficient relay stations. Shorter lays were put in and visual service was all O.K. by the 20th of the month.

Ammunition.  A plentiful supply of S.A.A. was found in various dumps in fairly accessible places, and with good roads in forward area, over 10,000 rounds were placed at each gun position. Three dumps of 10,000 were also placed at central points.

Transport Lines were established at LA RIVIERE, within 3,000 yards of Reserve Line.

On 7th and 8th of April a great quantity of Gas shells fell in vicinity of Guns. Owing to Gas discipline no Gas casualties were caused. Weather during these two days was very wet and cold. This made conditions in trenches very miserable. The mud was continually getting on ammunition belts and rendering the task of keeping the guns clean and firing a very arduous and difficult one, but all ranks were cheerful and worked at their allotted tasks as though they were under normal conditions. The Infantry Brigades make a tour of two days in the front line system, with two Battalion in front line and two in support. The M.G. Battalion is obliged to keep guns and crews in about twelve days. One section of four guns remaining in front line for fourteen days under the most trying conditions and perpetual shelling, without any hot food during the entire period.

On the 12th April word was first received that an additional Company of 32 Guns was to be organized. Men arrived from Battalions (600 in all) together with twelve Officers. 200 other ranks were sent to a Special M.G. Depot at BOIS D'OLAIN. These men are to receive three weeks' training, and then act as re-inforcements to the new Company. The remaining 400 were handed over to Captain McCAMUS for training. The Guns in motor lorries, five of which were to take the place of horse transport for the new Company. The training the men received was immediate action, range firing, and nomenclature of spare parts. After five days actual training the Company was ready for the Line, as the other two Companies supplied three men per crew. They relieved No. 2 Company on the 21st April and carried on their training even in the front line. The Infantry Battalions realizing the necessity sent good smart intelligent men, and they being keen soon picked up the work. Their first part in an active operation was on the 28th when they supported a raid with indirect fire, sixteen days after they left their Battalions, and the Infantry was well satisfied with the support given.

The additional transport for No. 1 Company arrived on April 28th :-  32 horses, 8 wagons, and 4 kitchens. This brings horse transport up to it's full establishment, and with the five lorries for No. 3 Company the Unit is in good shape with regards to mobility.

J.G. Weir
Lieut-Colonel.
Commdg. 2nd. Canadian Machine Gun Battalion.

Appdx. 1
2ND. CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION.
31st. March. 1918
REVISED DISPOSITION STATE


4TH. Canadian M.G. Company Headquarters M.15.a.50.30.
1 Section 4 Guns M.17.a.95.78.
2 Section ( 2 Guns
( 2 Guns
M.23.b.85.78.
M.24.a.30.91.
3 Section 4 Guns M.18.a.6?.85.
4 Section 4 Guns M.12.c.92.13.
Rear Headquarters and Transport R.26.b.7.4.
5th. Canadian M.G. Company. Headquarters M.27.a.4.2.
A Section 1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.30.c.6.8.  Sect. H.Q.
M.30.c.7.9.
M.30.a.8.1.
M.30.b.00.00.
B Section 1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.23.c.1.1.
M.23.c.1.2.  Sect. H.Q.
M.23.c.1.3.
M.23.c.1.4.
C Section 2 Guns
2 Guns
M.28.c.3.0.
M.28.c.3.1.  Sect. H.Q.
D Section 2 Guns
2 Guns
M.36.a.1.3.  Sect. H.Q.
M.36.a.1.4.
Rear Headquarters and Transport R.26.b.7.4.
6th. Canadian M.G. Company. Headquarters R.24.a.5.5.
No. 1 Gun
No. 2 Gun
No. 3 Gun
No. 4 Gun
Nos. 5 & 6 (2 guns)
Nos. 7 & 8 (2 guns)
No. 9 Gun
No. 10 Gun
Nos. 11 & 12 (2 guns)
No. 13 Gun
No. 14 Gun
No. 15 Gun
No. 16 Gun
M.25.d.20.40.
M.25.d.00.20.
M.31.b.70.40.
M.31.b.40.05.
M.25.b.6.2.
M.25.b.6.4.
M.15.d.65.20.
M.16.c.30.50.
M.16.c.30.50.
M.16.b.00.15.
M.16.b.00.30.
M.16.b.9.1.
M.17.a.20.50.
Rear Headquarters R.26.b.7.4.
14th. Canadian M.G. Company Transport H.Q. in BASSEUX
H.Q.
Transport
Q.35.a.2.3.
R.35.d.9.6.

Copies to:-
4th, 5th, 6th, 14th Cdn. M.G. Companies
4th, 5th, 6th C.I.Bs.
2nd Canadian Division "G" & "Q"
VI Corps M.G.O.

[Signed] G.N. Douglas, Capt
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.

Appdx. 2
2ND. CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
DISPOSITION OF GUNS AT 6.00 A.M. 2-4-18
4th. Canadian M.G. Company.
Advance Headquarters at M.15.c.50.48.
No. 1 Section
1 Gun at M.17.b.67.35.
1 Gun at M.17.b.75.37.
1 Gun at M.17.b.83.45.
1 Gun at M.17.b.87.54.
No. 3 Section
1 Gun at M.18.c.72.00.
1 Gun at M.18.a.68.92.
2 Guns at M.18.a.90.65.
No. 2 Section
2 Guns at M.23.b.80.74.
2 Guns at M.24.a.25.93
No. 4 Section
1 Gun at M.12.c.98.22
1 Gun at M.12.c.92.13.
1 Gun at M.12.c.85.97.
1 Gun at M.12.c.79.03.
------------------------------ ------------------------------
5th. Canadian M.G. Company
Advance Headquarters at M.27.a.40.20.
A. Section
1 Gun at M.30.c.60.80.
1 Gun at M.30.c.70.90.
1 Gun at M.30.a.80.10.
1 Gun at M.30.b.00.20.
C. Section
2 Guns at M.28.c.30.00.
2 Guns at M.28.c.30.10.
B. Section
4 Guns at M.23.c.50.10.
D. Section
2 Guns at M.36.a.10.30.
2 Guns at M.36.a.10.40.
------------------------------ ------------------------------
6th. Canadian M.G. Company
Advance Headquarters R.24.a.90.50. 3 Guns at M.31.b.60.75.
4 Guns as follows:-
  1 Gun at S.5.c.40.00. 
  1 Gun at S.4.c.70.40. 
  2 Guns at S.4.c.95.95.
3 Guns as follows:-
  M.25.b.70.55. to
  M.25.b.75.65.
3 Guns at S.1.b.90.10. 3 Guns:-
  M.16.c.10.40.
  M.16.c.35.57.
  M.16.c.42.63.
------------------------------ ------------------------------
14th Canadian M.G. Company.
Advance Headquarters at S.11.a.50.70.
No. 4 Section
 1 Gun at S.12.a.50.10.
 2 Guns at S.6.c.00.35.
 1 Gun at S.5.c.40.00.
Nos. 1, 2, and 3, Sections
in Divisional Reserve at R.35.d.80.60.
------------------------------ ------------------------------
Rear Headquarters 4th, 5th, 6th, rear headquarters R.26.b.70.40.
J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion

Appdx. 3
REF: MAPS SECRET
Sheet 51 S.W. Copy
Sheet 51 N.E. 3rd. April 1918.
2nd CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 31-81.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1. An Inter-Battalion relief will be made, night 3rd/4th. insts., and 4th/5th. insts.
  2. Night 3rd./4th. inst. the 4th. company with 2 guns will relieve 3 guns of the 5th company at approximately M.16.c.15.40. to M.16.c.40.50.

  3. 2 guns of the 4th. company will relieve 2 guns of the 5th. company at M.23.c.50.10.
  4. Night 3rd./4th. inst. the 6th. company will regroup their guns as follows:-

  5. 2 Guns at approximately M.21.a.30.10.
    4 Guns at M.25.b.70.55. to M.25.b.75.65.
    2 Guns at S.1.b.80.40.
    2 Guns at M.31.b.60.75.
    2 Guns at S.?.c.50.85.
    The 4 guns in S.5.c. and S.4.c. to remain unchanged.
  6. Night 4th./5th. inst. the 14th. Company will relieve the 5th. Company in forward positions, and also four forward guns of 6th. company in S.5.c. and S.4.c.

  7. Upon relief these guns of the 6th. company will relieve four guns of the 5th. company at M.28.c.30.00.
  8. All information, Battle lines, S.O.S. Lines, etc., to be taken over.
  9. Maps will not be taken over.
  10. Companies concerned to make their own arrangements re: Guides.
  11. S.O.S. Lines to be worked out for new positions.
  12. Relief complete to be reported "Your 31-81 RECEIVED AT .."
  13. Acknowledge.
Issued at 11.45 A.M.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
Copies to:-
 4th. Canadian M.G. Company
 5th. Canadian M.G. Company
 6th. Canadian M.G. Company
 14th. Canadian M.G. Company
 4th. C.I.B.
 5th. C.I.B.
 6th. C.I.B.
 2nd. Canadian Division
 Canadian Corps M.G.O.
 VI Corps M.G.O.
 O.C., M.G. Bn. Guards Division.

Appdx. 4
2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Operation Order 31-81/1
----------------------------------------
  1. Ref. Inter-Battalion Reliefs night 3rd./4th. and 4th./5th. inst.
  2. The 14th. Cdn. M.G. Coy. will take over transport lines and details billets of 5th. 6th, M.G. Coy. in BRETENCOURT.
  3. On completion of reliefs 5th. Cdn. M.G. Coy. will return to reserve at BASSEUX taking over lines and billets of 14th. Coy.
  4. Advance parties from each Coy. will be sent to take over billets from outgoing Coy.
[Signed] G.N. Douglas, Capt for
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
Copies to
 4th. Cdn. M.G. Co.
 5th. Cdn. M.G. Co.
 6th. Cdn. M.G. Co.
 14th. Cdn. M.G. Co.

Appdx. 5

2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
4th. April, 1918.
31/81/1

WAR DIARY
LAY
LANTERN
LAST

Operation Order 31/81 is cancelled, also addenda 31/81/1

PRIORITY
[Signed] G.N. Douglas  Capt. for
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.

Appdx. 6
SECRET
2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
4th. April, 1918.
R.F. 28-260.
O.C. 14th. Cdn. M.G. Company.
  1. Relief cancelled for 24 hours, You will take up billets in BRETENCOURT or WAILLY for the night and be prepared to occupy the PURPLE Line taking up positions you reconnoitred on the 2nd. inst.
  2. Send 2 runners with bicycles to this H.Q. who will be able to take messages to you, and 2 runners to the 6th. Rear H.Q. who will be able to take phone messages to you.
  3. An attack may develop tonight.
[Signed] G.N. Douglas  Capt. for
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.

APPENDIX 7.
SECRET
2nd. CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION.
R.F.31.81.2.
April 5th 1918.
O.C. 14th. Canadian M.G. Company.
O.C. 6th. Canadian M.G. Company.
O.C. 5th. Canadian M.G. Company.
O.C. 4th. Canadian M.G. Company. - (For Information).
  1. Relief of 5th Company by 14th Company, and 6th Company as per our O.C. 31/81, dated 3-4-18, will be carried out tonight 5th/6th inst.
  2. Upon relief the 5th Company will take over billets vacated by the 14th Company in BRETENCOURT, and be prepared to occupy positions in the Reserve PURPLE Line if ordered to do so by Division.

  3. Lieuts. SALISBURY and BUSH of the 14th Company will arrange to have guides, 1 per section at the 6th Company Signal Office, who will be ready to guide the 5th Company crews to positions in the Reserve PURPLE Line. These guides to sleep in the 6th Company Rear Signal Office.
  4. Upon coming into Divisional Reserve the 5th Company must be prepared to move at one hours notice.
  5. If ordered to occupy the PURPLE Line the O.C. 5th Company will take up Headquarters with the 6th Advanced Company Headquarters at R.24.a.5.5. and will leave one Officer at 6th Company Rear with runners.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
D/-.   Note:-   This Order has been repeated to all Rear Company Headquarters.

SECRET.
Ref. Maps.
Sheet. 51.c. S.E.
Sheet. 51.b. S.W.
Copy No._____.
April 7th 1918.
APPENDIX 8.
2nd. CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER No. 31/82.
-------------------------------------------------------------
  1. An Inter-Battalion relief will be carried out night 8th/9th inst.,
  2. (a) Two Batteries of No. 1 Company will relieve two Batteries of No. 2 Company in EDEN and BIBLE Groups, Left Brigade Front.

  3. Arrangements for relief to be made between Senior Battery Commander of No. 1 Company (Lieut HOBSON) and the Officer Commanding No. 2 Company. (Major PEARCE).
    (b) No.1 Company will take over the four positions at M.28.c.30.00 and M.28.c.30.10. The Guns at present in these positions will then move to two positions at M.16.c.16.33 and M.16.c.44.55, and to two positions at approximately S.10.a.0080 and S.10.a.10.85.
    Arrangements for this move to be made between Officer Commanding No. 1 Company and Capt. MILLICAN.
  4. S.O.S. Lines, Battle Lines, Aeroplane Photos, Harassing Fire Targets, and all information will be taken over. Maps will NOT be taken over.
  5. Disposition reports of Gun positions, Battery and Section Headquarters will be sent to this Office as soon as possible after relief.
  6. Completion of relief will be reported "YOUR 31-80 RECEIVED AT _____".
  7. ACKNOWLEDGE, please.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Issued at 8.00 p.m.

Copies to:-
4th Canadian M.G. Company. 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade.
5th Canadian M.G. Company. 2nd Canadian Division.
6th Canadian M.G. Company. VI Corps M.G.O.
14th Canadian M.G. Company. Canadian Corps M.G.O.
4th Canadian Infantry Brigade. 1st Canadian M.G. Battalion
5th Canadian Infantry Brigade.


Appendix 9
2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
7th. April, 1918.
R.F. 61-313.
C.C. 5th. Cdn. M.G. Company.
C.C. 14th. Cdn. M.G. Company.
  1. Under the new establishment, the 5th. and 14th. Cdn. M.G. Companies, cease to exist at 6.00 P.M. this date, but are formed into one company under command of Major Basev, and will be known as NO. 1. COMPANY.
[Signed] G.N. Douglas  Capt. for
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
Copies to:-
2nd Canadian Division.
4th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
5th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
6th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
Canadian Corps M.G.O.
4th. Cdn. M.G. Company
6th. Cdn. M.G. Company
Signals- 2nd. Canadian Division.

Appendix 10

SECRET
Copy No 14
9th. April, 1918.

Ref. Maps
Sheet 51.c. N.E.
Sheet 51.b. S.W.
2ND. CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 31-83.
-------------------------------------------------------------
  1. The relief of the 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion will be carried out as per Warning Order No. 28-343 with the following amendments:-

  2. Para (3) for April 11th. read April 10th.
    Para (5) for April 12th. read April 13th.
  3. No. 2 Company transport and "E" and "F" Batteries will move to line and billets in BASSEUX to-morrow on 10th. inst. and will clear BRETENCOURT by 2 p.m. Advance parties to arrange billets morning of 10th. inst.
  4. Battalion Q.M. Stores and No. 1 Company Transport will move to BASSEUX 11th. inst. clearing BRETENCOURT at 2 p.m. Advance parties will be sent on to BASSEUX to arrange for billets and lines.
  5. All Batteries on relief will proceed to BASSEUX. Billets will be arranged by Major McCorkell.
  6. All Trench maps, Aeroplane photos, battle lines, S.O.S. lines, Harassing Fire program, Defence Schemes, etc. will be handed over to incoming relief.
  7. ACKNOWLEDGE please.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Issued at 8 P.M.

Copies to:-
1. D.M.G.O. 5th Division.
2. "A" and "B" Batteries 2nd Cdn. M.G. Bn.
3. "C" and "D" Batteries 2nd Cdn. M.G. Bn.
4. "E" and "F" Batteries 2nd Cdn. M.G. Bn.
5. "G" and "H" Batteries 2nd Cdn. M.G. Bn.
6. 4th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
7. 5th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
8. 6th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
9. 2nd. Cdn. Div. "A" and "?"
10. 2nd. Cdn. Div. "G"
11. C.M.G.O. Canadian Corps
12. C.M.G.O. VI Corps.
13.-15.  War Diary
16. Office Copy
17. Battalion Quartermaster


SECRET
Copy No. ____.
April 9th 1918.

APPENDIX 11.

2nd. CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
DISPOSITION STATE
-------------------------------------------------------------
BATTALION HEADQUARTERS:-  BASSEUX.
No. 1 Company Headquarters (Advanced).  M.27.a.38.16.
"A" & "B" Batteries :- WHISKY and BLIGHTY GROUPS. (Sub H.Q. M.16.a.55.70.
"C" & "D" Batteries :- EDEN and BIBLE GROUPS.
 
"A" Battery.  BLIGHTY GROUP
Battery Headquarters S.11.a.55.67.
BIRMINGHAM. 
BRISTOL. 
LONDON. 
GLASGOW. 
BATH 
DUBLIN 
BELFAST 
CORK 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun
S.4.b.70.45.
S.4.b.58.35. 
S.4.c.88.84. 
S.5.d.15.33. 
S.5.d.18.17. 
S.5.d.22.00. 
S.11.c.64.30. 
S.11.c.60.16. 
"B" Battery.  WHISKEY GROUP
Battery Headquarters M.27.a.38.16.
BUCHANAN.
DEWAR
WALKER
WATSON
HARDIE
RYE
HAIG
WHITE HORSE
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun
M.28.c.24.25.
M.28.c.25.15.
M.28.c.28.05.
M.34.c.30.95.
M.35.c.70.44.
M.35.c.65.25.
M.36.a.22.58.
M.36.a.20.40.
"C" Battery.  BIBLE GROUP.
Battery Headquarters M.23.b.78.77.
a FARO 
DAUGHTER 
MOSES 
BULL 
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.23.b.78.74.
M.23.b.81.81.
M.24.a.26.91.
M.18.c.29.00.
b RUSHES 
CRADLE 
CONCEALED 
DISCOVERED
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.23.c.46.02.
M.23.c.57.08.
M.30.c.70.90.
M.30.c.60.85.
a
b
Section Headquarters
Section Headquarters
M.23.b.78.77.
M.23.c.46.02.
"D" Battery.  EDEN GROUP.
Battery Headquarters. M.12.c.90.05.
a ADAM
EVE
CAIN
ABEL
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
N.13.a.27.98.
N.13.a.25.90.
M.12.c.72.00.
M.18.a.68.92.
b GARDEN
 SERPENT
 APPLE
 TREE
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.17.b.91.58.
M.17.b.85.49.
M.17.b.78.42.
M.17.b.73.41.
a
b
Section Headquarters
Section Headquarters
M.12.c.90.05.
M.17.b.77.46.
No. 2 Company Headquarters. (Advanced).  R.24.a.50.50.
"E" & "F" Batteries :- In Divisional Reserve.
"G" & "H" Batteries :- TOBACCO and CARD Groups.
 
"G" Battery.  TOBACCO GROUP
Battery Headquarters. M.15.c.45.30.
BILLINGS 
TUCKETTS 
CAPSTAN 
PLAYERS 
GOLD FLAKE 
WOODBINE 
BENSON 
HEDGES 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
M.25.b.79.60.
M.25.b.81.68.
M.25.b.89.79.
M.25.b.92.85.
M.21.c.08.90.
M.21.c.15.93.
M.16.c.16.33.
M.16.c.44.55.
"H" Battery.  CARD GROUP.
Battery Headquarters. S.2.d.68.52
ACE 
KING 
QUEEN
KNAVE 
SPADE 
JOKER 
DIAMOND 
CLUB 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
M.31.b.78.75.
M.31.b.78.62.
S.1.b.85.55.
S.1.b.80.42.
S.2.d.93.48.
S.3.c.00.58.
S.10.a.05.85.
S.10.a.00.73.
----------------o----------------
Rear Company Headquarters and Transport :- BRETENCOURT.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commdg 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 12

SECRET
Copy No
April 9th. 1918.

REF: MAPS
Sheet 51.c. N.E.
Sheet 51.b. S.W.
2ND. CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
DEFENCE SCHEME (PROVISIONAL)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
  1. The 2nd. Canadian Division is holding the Left Sector of the VI Corps front, from N.7.d.0.0. to BOISLEUX ST. MARC (inclusive)
  2. BOUNDARIES Northern Divisional Boundary:-

  3. N.8.c.80.00 - N.7.d.00.00 - GREEN LINE - M.12.c.80.00
    TELEGRAPH HILL SWITCH - M.17.a.50.30. - Switch inclusive to 1st. Canadian Division thence West along grid line.
    Brigade Boundary
    M.30.b.50.60. - GREEN LINE - M.23.c.00.00. - M.20.c.95.85. - TELEGRAPH HILL SWITCH - M.20.c.30.70. - M.19.d.80.00. through PURPLE LINE - Thence West along grid line through Sugar Factory.
    Southern Divisional Boundary:-
    S.12.a.80.00 - Road inclusive to 2nd. Canadian Division, to Railway S.11.d.30.40. - thence along railway (exclusive) to S.3.d.80.10 - to Road Junction S.2.d.70.70. - inclusive to 2nd. Canadian Division. S.1.b.70.70. to cross roads K.4.a.80.70. inclusive to Guards Division thence Westwards.
    The Guards Division is on the right (centre sector) and the 1st. Canadian Division on the left (17th. Corps front).
  4. ORGANIZATION OF DEFENCE  One Machine Gun Company holding the Front Line system in depth, an a two Brigade Front. Guns grouped in Batteries as follows:-

  5. EDEN GROUP, BIBLE Group, WHISKY Group, BLIGHTY Group.
    Company Headquarters at M.27.a.38.16.
    One Company with two Batteries in support in CARD Group and TOBACCO Groups H.Q. at R.24.a.50.50. and two Batteries in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT. The two Batteries in Divisional Reserve must be ready at ½ hours notice to occupy the following positions in the PURPLE Reserve Line:-
       4 Guns R.23.b.90.50.
       2 Guns R.24.b.20.35.
       2 Guns R.35.b.10.80.
       4 Guns R.35.a.05.60.
       4 Guns Approx. R.18.c.80.05. to R.24.c.90.75.
    The company in Reserve will issue orders as to which guns will occupy these positions.
    If ordered to occupy these positions the Company Headquarters will be R.24.a.50.50.
  6. S.O.S. AND BATTLE LINES are as shown in tracing M.12. dated 8-4-18. S.O.S. signal and RED Very Light followed by one GREEN Very Light.
  7. ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS

  8. Each Battery in the line will supply two guns to fire on hostile aircraft.
  9. All guns laid on S.O.S. Lines will keep at least 8 belts in reserve at all times for direct fire on Battle Lines.
  10. HARASSING FIRE will be carried out nightly. The company in the line will fire approximately 20,000 to 30,000 rounds nightly.

  11. Targets will be selected from the Harassing Fire map, and hours of firing and area covered arranged daily with Brigades in the line and Artillery Liaison Officers.
  12. In cases of attack on a large scale there must be No Retirement.
  13. In the event of the PURPLE LINE becoming the front line of the Division holding this front, the horse lines of the 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion would probably move to MONCHIET.
  14. ACKNOWLEDGE.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
2 copies No. 1 Company
2 copies No. 2 Company
C.M.G.O. Canadian Corps
2nd. Canadian Division
M.G.O. VI Corps
M.G.O. 5th. Division
4th. Canadian Infantry Brigade
5th. Canadian Infantry Brigade

Ref. Maps SECRET
Sheet 51.c. S.E. Copy No. ____
Sheet 51.b. S.W. April 9th 1918.
APPENDIX. 13.
2nd. CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
WARNING ORDER No. 28-343.
--------------------------------------------------------------
  1. The 5th Division M.G. Companies will relieve the 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion, starting April 10th.
  2. The 15th Company will relieve "E" and "F" Batteries (4th Company) in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT, 10th inst., and will relieve "A" & "B" Batteries (14th Company) in the right sector night 11th.12th inst.
  3. The 95th M.G. Company will take over "C" and "D" Batteries Transport Lines (5th Company) at BRETENCOURT, April 11th, and will relieve these Batteries in the Line night 12th/13th inst.
  4. The 205th M.G. Company will take over "G" and "H" Batteries (6th Company) Transport Lines April 11th, and will relieve these Batteries in the Line on the night 12/13th inst.
  5. The 13th M.G. Company will move into Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT on April 12th, and take over the Transport Lines of "A" and "B" Batteries (14th Company).
  6. Details of move of Batteries relieved will be given later.
  7. Arrangements for relief to be made direct between those concerned.
  8. Acknowledge, please.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 14

2ND CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
R.F. 28-343
9th April 1918.

TO:- The 14th, 5th, & 6th Canadian M.G. Companies
The 4th C.M.G. Company - for information.
--------------------------------------------------------------

Reconnaissance parties from the 5th Divisional M.G. Battalion will be met by guides as follows:-

  1. 95th M.G. Company at AGNY Cross Roads M.8.d.6.9. at 10 a.m. April 10th. Guide from 5th Company to take party the 5th Company Headquarters.
  2. 15th M.G. Company at FISHEUX Cross Roads R.36.c.4.9. at 10 a.m. April 10th. Party to be guided to 14th Company H.Q.
  3. 205th M.G. Company FISHEUX Cross Roads R.36.c.4.9. at 10 a.m. April 10th. Party to be guided to 6th Company H.Q.
  4. All Companies to make their own arrangements for relief as per attached Warning Order.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Comdg 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 15

2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion
April 9th. 1918.
R.F. 29-347.

  1. The 14th. and 5th. M.G. Companies have been united and will now be called No. 1 Company, code name "LAWLESS". Company Headquarters M.27.a.30.10.

  2. All D.R.L.S. for No. 1 Company to be delivered to Right Brigade advanced H.Q. and be called for by No. 1 Company runners.
  3. The 4th. and 6th. M.G. Companies have been united and will now be called No. 2 Company, code name "LAY". Advanced Company H.Q. R.24.a.50.50, Rear Company H.Q. BRETENCOURT.

  4. All D.R.L.S. for No. 2 Company Rear will go to BRETENCOURT Signal Station and be called for by No. 2 Company runners. D.R.L.S. for No.2 Company Advanced HQrs will be collected from Left Brigade Advanced H.Qrs by M.G. Runners.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Copies to:-
4th. Cdn. M.G. Company
5th. Cdn. M.G. Company
6th. Cdn. M.G. Company
14th. Cdn. M.G. Company
4th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
5th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
6th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
2nd. Canadian Division Signals
2nd. Canadian Division "G" and "Q"

Appendix 16
 
REF: MAPS SECRET
Sheet 51.c. S.E. Copy No .12.
Sheet 51.b. S.W. 10th. April, 1918.
2ND. CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 31-84
---------------------------------------------------------------
  1. An inter-battalion relief will be made nights 11/12th. and 12/13th. inst.
  2. Night 11/12th. "E" and "F" Batteries will relieve "A" and "B" Batteries.
  3. Night 12/13th. inst. one battery from No. 1 Company will relieve one Battery of No. 2 Company holding TOBACCO Group.
  4. Arrangements for relief to be made direct between companies concerned. Upon completion of relief No. 1 Company H.Qrs. will be M.16.c.40.68. No. 2 Company H.Qrs M.27.?.38.16.
  5. The battery in Reserve from No. 1 Company must be prepared if ordered to man 4 positions at R.23.b.90.50., four positions at Approx. R.18.c.80.05. to R.24.c.90.75.

  6. The battery from No. 2 Company to be prepared to occupy 2 positions at R.24.b.20.35., 2 positions at R.29.b.20.35., 4 positions at R.35.a.05.60.
  7. S.O.S., Battle Lines, Disposition of guns, and list of Trench Stores taken over to be sent to this officer as soon as possible after relief.
  8. Completion of relief to be reported, "Your .. 31-84 . Received at .".
ACKNOWLEDGE Please.

Issued at 12.30 P.M.

[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Copies to:-
(1) No. 1 Company 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
(2) No. 2 Company 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
(3) Battalion Quartermaster.
(4) D.M.G.O. VI Corps.
(5) D.M.G.O. Canadian Corps.
(6) 2nd. Canadian Division "G"
(7) 4th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
(8) 5th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
(9) 6th. Cdn. Inf. Bde.
(10)-(12)  War Diary
(13) Office copy

Appendix 17
SECRET
REF: MAPS Copy No ..
Sheet 51c N.E. April 11th. 1918.
Sheet 51b1 S.W, R.F. 27-1
2ND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
DEFENCE SCHEME (PROVISONAL)
--------------------------------------------------------------
  1. The 2nd. Canadian Division is holding the left Sector of the VI Corps front, from H.7.d.0.0. to BOISLEUX ST MARC (inclusive)
  2. BOUNDARIES  Northern Divisional Boundary :-

  3. N.8.c.80.00. - N.7.d.00.00. - GREEN LINE - M.12.c.80.00. TELEGRAPH HILL SWITCH - M.17.a.50.30. - Switch inclusive to 56th. Division - thence West along grid line.
    Brigade Boundary
    M.30.b.50.60. - GREEN LINE - M.23.c.00.00. - M.20.c.95.80. - TELEGRAPH HILL SWITCH - M.20.c.30.70. - M.19.d.80.00. through PURPLE LINE - Thence West along grid line through Sugar Factory.
    Southern Divisional Boundary:-
    S.12.a.80.00 - Road inclusive to 2nd. Canadian Division, to Railway S.11.d.30.40. - thence along railway (exclusive) to S.3.d.80.10 - to Road Junction S.2.d.70.70. - inclusive to 2nd. Canadian Division. S.1.b.70.70. to cross roads K.4.a.80.70. inclusive to Guards Division thence Westwards.
    The Guards Division is on the right (centre sector) and the 1st. Canadian Division on the left (17th. Corps front).
  4. Organization of Defence.  The Divisional front is held in depth by 2 M.G. Companies. The boundary between the two roughly corresponds to the Infantry Brigade Boundary. The right company occupies "WHISKY", "CARD" and "BLIGHTY" groups with a battery of 8 guns in each, and one battery is held in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT. Advanced Company Headquarters M.27.a.38.16. The left Company occupies "EDEN", "BIBLE" and "TOBACCO: groups and has a battery of 8 guns in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT. Advanced Company Headquarters M.16.a.40.68.

  5. The Batteries in Divisional Reserve must be ready at ½ hours notice to occupy the following positions in the PURPLE Reserve Line.
    Left Company
    4 guns R.23.b.90.50.
    4 guns (Approx) R.18.c.80.05. to R.24.c.90.75.
    Right Company
    4 guns R.35.a.05.60.
    2 guns R.35.b.10.80.
    2 guns R.29.b.20.35.
    The companies concerned will issue orders as to which guns will occupy these positions and will see that the positions and routes to them are reconnoitred by at least one man per crew.
  6. S.O.S. and BATTLE LINES are shown in tracing M.12. dated 8.4.18. S.O.S. Signal, one RED Very Light followed by one GREEN Very Light.
  7. ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS

  8. Each Battery in the line will supply two guns to fire on hostile aircraft.
  9. Guns firing on S.O.S. must have 14 belts at each position. On S.O.S. two belts rapid will be fired and 100 rounds per minute for succeeding belts.

  10. Crews will cease S.O.S. and change to battle lines at the first indication that the enemy has broken through.
    8 belts per gun must be kept in reserve for direct fire on battle lines. Gunners must be impressed with the absolute necessity of keeping this reserve in good condition.
  11. Harassing fire will be carried out nightly. Each company will fire approximately 15,000 rounds per night.

  12. Targets will be selected from the harassing fire map, and hours of firing and area covered arranged daily with Brigades in the line, and Artillery Liaison Officers.
  13. There must be no voluntary retirement. If for tactical reasons the Infantry retire, the Machine Guns will cover their retirement, and will then come back under section arrangement, one guns retirement being covered by the fire of the others. Positions will be taken up in, or in advance of the TELEGRAPH HILL SWITCH and PURPLE LINE. This line will be held at all costs.
  14. In the event of the PURPLE LINE becoming the front line of the Division holding this front, the horse lines of the 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battlion would probably move to MONCHIET.
  15. ACKNOWLEDGE.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Copies to:-
1.  Office copy 20.  Cdn. Corps M.G.O.
2-4.  War Diary 21.  VI Corps M.G.O.
5-9.  No. 1 Company 22.  D.M.G.O. 56th. Div.
10-14.  No. 2 Company 23.  M.G.O. Guards Div.
15.  2nd Cdn. Div. "G" 24.  C.R.A.
16-18.  4th. 5th. 6th. Cdn. Inf. Bdes.
19.

2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
13th. April, 1918.
All recipients of 2nd. Canadian Machine Gun Battalion, Defence Scheme R.F. 27-1 dated April 11th. 1918.
  1. Para 3., last line, for "one man per crew" read "all men on each gun".
  2. Para 6, for "must have 14 belts at each position etc." read "must have 20 belts at each position. All other guns will have 16 belts at each position."  For "8 belts per gun" read "12 belts per gun."
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 18

2ND CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
R.F. 61-365
12th April 1918

TO:-
No. 1 Company (5)
No. 2 Company (5)
C.M.G.O. Cdn. Corps
2nd Canadian Divn. "G"
2nd Canadian Division "Q"
--------------------------------
RE FORMATION OF NO. 3 COMPANY.
---------------------------------------------------
  1. A school is being formed at BASSEUX to train the personnel of the new Company - duration probably five days - commencing 13th inst.
  2. It is proposed to withdraw 48 Gunners from each of Nos. 1 and 2 Companies, and to replace them with partially trained men from No. 3 Company. 16 either must be No. 1 or No. 2 Gunners and 16 either must be No. 3 or No. 4 Gunners.
  3. Nos. 1 and 2 Companies will each send four Section Officers to No. 3 Company, and will receive an equal Number in Exchange.
  4. Nos. 1 and 2 Companies will each supply four Section Sgts. and four Section Corporals, and two Sergeants to act as Battery Sergeant-Majors. Privates will be given in exchange by No. 3 Company.
  5. Sergeant-Major Munro will act as No. 3 Company Sergeant-Major, Q.M.S. Senior will act as Company Q.M.S. and will report to Capt. McCamus immediately.
  6. Capt. McCamus will be O.C., No. 3 Company, and Lieuts Pearce, Salisbury, McCulloch and Frost as Battery Commanders, pending approval. These Battery Commanders will report to Capt. McCamus immediately.
  7. Nominal Rolls of the personnel required from Nos. 1 and 2 Companies will be forwarded to this office by 6.00 p.m. 13th inst., and recommendations for promotions to fill these vacancies will accompany these Rolls.
  8. Late of exchange of personnel will be notified later.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Comdg. 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 19

2nd. Canadian Division
??. 52/383
12th. April, 1918
----------------------------

  1. The points of tactical importance in the front system to be held, are from right to left:-

  2. (a) The Locality about S.5.c - S.5.d. - S.11.a. - S.11.b.
    (b) The Locality about M.35.a. - M.35.d.
    (c) The Locality about MERCATEL.
    (d) The Locality about NEUVILLE VITASSE.
    (e) The Locality about M.18.c. - M.18.d. - M.24.a. - M.23.b.
    (f) The Locality about the Southern shoulder of TELEGRAPH HILL.
  3. Each Brigade is responsible for holding the tactical localities in its own area and will allot to battalions definite tactical points to defend.
  4. It must be impressed on all officers down to platoon Commanders the importance of maintaining a grip on areas of tactical importance with their forces disposed in depth rather than to defend on a widely extended continuous line. It is by holding on to these points that the enemy's attack is shattered and our counter-attacking troops are able to operate to the best advantage. Commanding officers will consider the best methods of employing their reserves in counter-attack on the enemy's flanks if he should succeed in penetrating through a gap.
  5. Valleys will be defended by machine guns sited so as to sweep the sides with other guns echeloned behind to sweep the bottom.
(Sgd.) D.E. McINTYRE
Lieut. Col.
General Staff,
2nd. Canadian Division
----------------------------------------------------
2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion,
12th. April, 1918.
To:-
All Batteries,
2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.

Guns concerned, as a primary task, will cover the flanks of the defended areas mentioned.

[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 20

Copy No .
13th. April, 1918.

2ND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
DISPOSITION STATE
-------------------------------------------------------------
Battalion Headquarters:- BASSEUX
No. 1 Company Left Brigade frontage, company headquarters M.16.a.40.68.

"A" Battery TOBACCO Group.
BILLINGS 
TUCKETTS 
CAPSTAN 
PLAYERS 
GOLDFLAKE 
WOODBINE 
BENSON 
HEDGES 
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.25.b.79.60.
M.25.b.81.60.
M.25.b.89.79.
M.25.b.92.85.
M.21.c.08.90.
M.21.c.15.93.
M.16.c.16.33.
M.16.c.44.55.

"C" Battery BIBLE Group.
FARO 
DAUGHTER 
MOSES 
BULL 
RUSHES 
CRADLE 
CONCEALED 
DISCOVERED 
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.23.b.78.74.
M.23.b.81.81.
M.24.a.26.91.
M.18.c.29.00.
M.23.c.46.02.
M.23.c.57.08.
M.30.c.70.90.
M.30.c.60.85.

"D" Battery EDEN Group.
ADAM 
EVE 
CAIN 
ABLE 
GARDEN 
SERPENT
APPLE 
TREE 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
N.13.a.27.98.
N.13.a.25.90.
M.12.c.72.00.
M.18.a.6?.92.
M.17.b.91.58.
M.17.b.85.49.
M.17.b.7?.42.
M.17.b.73.41.

"B" Battery, Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT.

No. 2 Company Right Brigade frontage, Company Headquarters M.27.a.38.16.

"E" Battery WHISKY Group.
BUCHANAN 
DEWAR 
WALKER 
WATSON 
HARDIE 
RYE 
HAIG 
WHITE HORSE 
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
M.28.c.24.26.
M.28.c.25.15.
M.28.c.28.05.
M.28.c.30.00.
M.35.c.70.44.
M.35.c.65.25.
M.36.a.22.58.
M.36.a.?0.40.

"F" Battery BLIGHTY Group.
BIRMINGHAM
BRISTOL 
LONDON 
GLASGOW 
BATH 
DUBLIN 
BELFAST 
CORK
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
S.4.b.70.45.
S.4.b.58.35.
S.4.c.88.84.
S.5.d.15.33.
S.5.d.18.17.
S.5.d.22.00.
S.11.c.64.30.
S.11.c.60.16.

"H" Battery CARD Group.
ACE 
KING 
QUEEN 
KNAVE 
SPADE 
JOKER 
DIAMOND
CLUB 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun 
1 Gun
M.31.b.78.75.
M.31.b.78.?2.
S.1.b.85.55.
S.1.b.80.42.
S.2.d.93.48.
S.3.c.00.58.
S.10.a.05.85.
S.10.a.00.73.

"G" Battery in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT. Company Rear H.Q. and Transport lines at BRETENCOURT.

[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commanding 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 21

SECRET
Copy No ..
19th April 1918.

2ND CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 31-85
-----------------------------------------------
  1. No. 3 Company will move to BRETENCOURT on afternoon of 20th inst. Company will be clear of BASSEUX by 5.00 p.m. Billetting party to be sent forward in lorry with the 49 bivouacs at present in possession of No. 3 Company, to enable them to be erected by time of arrival of Company.
  2. The Battery of No. 1 Company in Divisional Reserve will move into the forward area night of the 20th inst., taking up positions as follows:-

  3. 2 Guns approximately M.21.d.75.70. - to fire N.E.
    2 Guns approximately N.28.a.35.45.
    4 Guns in Company Reserve in trench near M.16.a.40.68.
  4. No. 2 Company will move their Battery in Divisional Reserve to forward area, to the following positions:-

  5. 2 Guns M.32.d.50.25.
    2 Guns M.32.c.65.50. & M.32.c.45.50.
    4 Guns in Company reserve to be in position near Company Headquarters and to fire South.
  6. No. 3 Company will relieve No. 2 Company in Right Sector night 21/22nd inst. Os.C, Companies to make necessary arrangements:-

  7. (a) Aeroplane photos, S.O.S., Battle Lines, Harassing Fire programme, and schedule of reports with times and runs WILL be handed over. Maps WILL NOT be handed over.
    (b) Disposition State of Battery Headquarters and gun locations, copy of trench stores state etc to be sent to this office as soon as possible, after relief.
    (c) No. 3 Company must hand over belts before moving in.
    (d) Quartermaster will detail limbers to take in No. 3 Company guns and will arrange for ration limbers during No. 3 Company's tour in the lines, advising this office of the arrangements made.
  8. Completion of relief of No. 2 Company by No. 3 Company to be wired to this office using Code Phrase "YOUR ROUTINE ORDER RECEIVED .."
  9. ACKNOWLEDGE please.
[Signed] G.N. Douglas
Capt. & Adjt.
2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 22

SECOND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
April 22nd 1918.

All recipients 2nd. Canadian Machine Gun Battalion Defence Scheme (Provisional) dated April 11th 1918.

AMENDMENT No. 2. :- Substitute the following in Para. 3. :-

ORGANIZATION OF DEFENCE

Two Companies are in the line and one in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT. The guns of the two forward Companies are distributed in depth and the boundary between the two corresponds roughly to the Infantry Inter-Brigade Boundary.

The right Company's disposition is as follows:-
Company Headquarters. M.27.a.38.16.
1 Battery (8 guns) in WHISKEY GROUP.
1 Battery (8 guns) in BLIGHTY GROUP.
1 Battery (8 guns) in CARD GROUP.
1 Battery (4 guns) in ANIMAL GROUP.
(4 guns) in Reserve at Company H'Qrs.
Total 32 Guns.

The left Company's disposition is as follows:-
Company Headquarters. M.16.a.40.60.
1 Battery (8 guns) in EDEN GROUP.
1 Battery (8 guns) in BIBLE GROUP.
1 Battery (8 guns) in TOBACCO GROUP.
1 Battery (4 guns) in JOURNAL GROUP.
(4 guns) in Reserve at Company H'Qrs.
Total 32 Guns.

The Company in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT must be ready at one hours notice to occupy the following positions in the PURPLE RESERVE SYSTEM.
1 Battery (8 guns) BATTLE GROUP.
1 Battery (8 guns) COLOUR GROUP.
1 Battery (8 guns) MILITARY GROUP.

One Battery remains, standing to, at BRETENCOURT and will move only on orders from the General Staff of Division. They will be prepared to move at five minutes notice and sufficient pack animals will be detailed to transport gun equipment and 16 belts per gun. Orders will be issued by the O.C. Company 24 hours before coming into Divisional Reserve detailing the Batteries to their various groups. A copy of this disposition will be sent to Machine Gun Battalion Headquarters. The positions and routes to them are to be reconnoitred by all crews.

[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commdg. 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 23
DISPOSITIONS
SECOND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION


Ref: Map. 51.b.S.W. & 51.c.S.E. April 24th 1918.

Battn. H'Qrs. BRETENCOURT. Map. Ref: R.26.b.72.40. Transport: BRETENCOURT.

No. 1 Company Headquarters: M.16.a.40.68.  LEFT BRIGADE FRONTAGE.
 
BATTERY No's of Guns & Position in Line Support Reserve Designation of Emplacement Map Location Battery Headquarters

EDEN 
GROUP

In Line ADAM 
EVE 
CAIN 
ABEL 
GARDEN 
SERPENT 
APPLE 
TREE 
N.13.a.27.95. 
N.13.a.25.90.
M.12.c.72.00.
M.18.a.68.92.
M.17.b.91.58.
M.17.b.85.49.
M.22.b.35.95.
M.22.b.35.92.
M.17.b.15.45

TOBACCO 
GROUP 

8 Guns 
Left 
Brigade 
Support 
BILLINGS 
TUCKETTS 
CAPSTAN 
PLAYERS 
GOLD FLAKE 
WOODBINE 
BENSON 
HEDGES 
M.25.b.79.60.
M.25.b.81.68.
M.25.b.89.79.
M.25.b.92.85.
M.20.c.80.70.
M.20.c.81.70.
M.16.c.16.33.
M.16.c.41.55.
M.15.c.50.35.

BIBLE 
GROUP

In Line FARO 
DAUGHTER 
MOSES 
BULL 
RUSHES 
CRADLE 
CONCEALED 
DISCOVERED
M.23.b.78.74.
M.23.b.81.81.
M.24.a.26.91.
M.18.c.29.00.
M.23.c.46.02.
M.23.c.57.08.
M.30.c.70.90.
M.30.c.80.95.
M.16.a.40.68.
D

JOURNAL 
GROUP 

4 Guns 
at Coy. HQs.
 

& 4 Guns at Coy. H.Q.

NEWS 
STAR 
MAIL 
GLOBE
M.21.d.60.80.
M.21.d.60.65.
M.28.a.25.60.
M.28.a.35.60.
M.16.a.40.68.
M.

No. 3 Company Headquarters: M.27.a.38.16.  RIGHT BRIGADE FRONTAGE.
 
BATTERY No's of Guns & Position in Line Support Reserve Designation of Emplacement Map Location Battery Headquarters

ANIMAL 
GROUP 

4 Guns 
at 
Coy. HQs.
PUSS
CAT 
PUP 
DOG 
M.32.d.46.32.
M.32.d.51.40.
M.32.c.46.45.
M.32.c.90.60.
Section H'QRS
at
M.32.c.45.70.

BLIGHTY 
GROUP 

In Line BIRMINGHAM 
BRISTOL 
LONDON 
GLASGOW 
BATH 
DUBLIN 
BELFAST 
CORK
S.4.b.70.45. 
S.4.b.58.35.
S.4.c.88.84.
S.5.c.10.82.
S.11.b.36.80.
S.5.d.22.00.
S.10.b.70.18.
S.10.b.60.10.
S.4.c.80.20.

CARD 
GROUP 

8 Guns 
Right 
Brigade 
Support
 
 

Section H'Qrs at

ACE 
KING 
QUEEN 
KNAVE 
SPADE 
JOKER 
DIAMOND 
CLUB
M.31.b.78.75.
M.31.b.78.62.
S.1.b.85.55.
S.1.b.80.42.
S.2.d.93.48.
S.3.c.00.58.
S.3.d.20.80.
S.3.d.15.70.
R.36.c.80.40.

WHISKEY 
GROUP 

In Line BUCHANAN 
DEWAR 
WALKER 
WATSON 
HARDIE 
RYE 
HAIG 
WHITE HORSE 

No. 2 Company in Divisional Reserve at BRETENCOURT.

[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commdg. 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.

Appendix 24
SECRET Copy No. ____
SECOND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION.
OPERATION ORDER NO. 31/86.
April 28th 1918.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ref. Maps: 51.b.S.W. and 51.c.S.E.
  1. No. 2 Company, 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battn. will relieve No. 1 Company, 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battn., in left Sector forward area night 30th April/1st May.
  2. Aeroplane photos, S.O.S. & Battle Lines, Harassing Fire Program, and Schedule of Reports, with times and runs will be handed over.

  3. Maps will NOT be handed over.
  4. Disposition State of BATTERY HEADQUARTERS and Gun Locations, copy of trench stores state, etc., to be sent to this Office as soon as possible after relief.
  5. No. 2 Company must hand over belts before moving in.
  6. On relief No. 1 Company will take over billets vacated by No. 2 Company. On return to LA RIVIERE No. 1 Company will be ready to occupy positions in PURPLE LINE, and will make reconnaissance of this ground. Report that same has been made will reach Battalion Headquarters at 6.00 p.m. May 1st.
  7. Completion of relief will be wired this Office by using code word "Your R.F. No. 1 received at _______".
  8. ACKNOWLEDGE, please.
Issued to Signals at 2.30 p.m.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut. Col.
Commdg. 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Copies to:-
1. O.C. No. 1 Company.
2. O.C. No. 2 Company.
3. O.C. No. 3 Company.
4. O.C. 2nd. Battn. M.G. Corps.
5. O.C. 56th. Battn. M.G. Corps.
6. 4th Canadian Inf. Brigade.
7. 5th Canadian Inf. Brigade.
8. 6th Canadian Inf. Brigade.
9. 2nd. Canadian Division "G".
10. C.M.G.O. Canadian Corps.
11. C.M.G.O. VU Corps.
12. O.C. 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battalion.
13. 2nd. in Command. 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battn.
14. Quartermaster. 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battn.
15. Signal Officer. 2nd. Cdn. M.G. Battn.
16. War Diary.
17. War Diary.
18. War Diary.
19. Office Copy.

COPY SECRET
No. 3 Company. 2nd Cdn.
Machine Gun Battn. N-5.
Copies to:-
6th Canadian Infantry Brigade.
Headquarters 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion.
27th Canadian Battalion.
28th Canadian Battalion.
29th Canadian Battalion.
31st Canadian Battalion.
"K" & "M" Batteries. No. 3 Company. 2nd C.M.G. Battn.
---------------------------------------------------------------------
  1. The 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade are carrying out a minor operation against the enemy's line in NEUVILLE VITASSE. N.19.a. and b. approx. tonight 28th/29th inst.
  2. The operation will last approximately 35 minutes.
  3. The signal for withdrawal will be a RED over GREEN Rifle grenade fired at zero plus 20 minutes.
  4. No. 3 Company will assist by putting on a demonstration on our immediate front. Four guns "K" Battery and four guns "M" Battery will fire on S.O.S. targets at rate of 8 belts per hour and will cease fire at withdrawal signal plus 15 minutes.
  5. Fixed hour will be 12.00 M/N 28th/29th. Zero hour will be notified later, to those concerned, and will be so many hours plus or minus fixed hour.
  6. Acknowledge.
28-4-18.
Sgd. J. McCAMUS.  Capt.
O.C. No. 3 Coy. 2nd. C.M.G. Bttn.

COPY SECRET
Ref. Map: Sheet 51.b. APPENDIX NO.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR MACHINE GUN BARRAGE IN ACCORDANCE WITH
4th C.I.B. G-360. Dated 28-4-18.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  1. On night 28th/29th the 4th C.I.B. will raid enemy defences in NEUVILLE VITASSE, with the object of capturing prisoners, inflicting casualties, and gathering information.

  2. Diversions are being made by Brigades on flanks.
  3. The 19th and 21st Battalions will make the raid.

  4. 5 Officers, and 150 other ranks will be employed on the right from the 19th Battalion.
    4 Officers, and 100 other ranks from the 21st Battalion will be employed on the left.
  5. "A" and "C" Batteries on No. 1 M.G. Company will support the above operation with 4 guns each, as follows :-
  6. "A" Battery:  2 Guns at SERPENT and GARDEN positions to fire on Cross roads at N.19.b.80.85.
    2 Guns at CAIN and ABLE positions to fire on Cross Roads at N.20.a.10.65.
    "B" Battery:  2 Guns at CRADLE and RUSHES positions to fire on road at SUGAR FACTORY in N.19.c.20.20.
    2 Guns at FARO and DAUGHTER positions to fire on road from N.19.c.30.05 to N.25.b.40.80.
    Rate of fire:  00 to 00 plus 20 minutes: Rapid.
    Plus 20 to plus 30 minutes: 1 belt per gun.
  7. Fixed hour will be 12 midnight 28th/29th. Zero hour will be so many minutes plus or minus; and will be notified later.
  8. Signal for withdrawal of raiding parties will be RED over GREEN over RED Rifle Grenade rockets fired from H.Qrs of each Battalion concerned at 00 plus 20 minutes.
  9. O's.C. "A" & "C" Batteries will call on O's.C. 19th and 21st Battalions respectively and acquaint them of nature of supporting fire being given by their guns for above operation.
  10. Copy of fire reports to be sent O.C. No. 1 M.G. Company by 8.00 p.m. 28th inst.
Issued to:-  O.C. 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battn. (For Information.)
    O.C. "A" Battery.    O.C. "C" Battery.
             4th Canadian Infantry Brigade. (For Information.)
Sgd. H. BASEVI. Major.
O.C. No. 1 M.G. Company.

Trench Map of Bretencourt Area, to accompany 2nd C.M.G.C. War Diary for April, 1918.
Scale 1:20,000
showing Harassing Fire Targets, S.O.S. Lines, Nos. 1 & 2 Company Gun Positions

Map Tracing showing Machine Guns in Left Brigade Area
Scale 1:20,000 Ref. Map 51B S.W.
23/4/18

Map Tracing showing Machine Guns in Right Brigade Area
Scale 1:20,000 Ref. Map 51B S.W.
23/4/18

Map Tracing to Accompany Defence Scheme
Ref. Map :- 51C S.E. & 51B S.W.
Scale 1:20,000
19/4/18

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