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2nd Battalion Canadian Machine Gun Corps
War Diaries - Appendices (March 1918)
Transcribed from National Archives of Canada, Records of the Department of Militia and Defence, RG9, Series III-D-3 (War Diaries), Volume 4985, 2nd Canadian Machine Gun Battalion, March 1918 - April 1919; Microfilm Reel T-10817 (Files 621 & 622). © National Archives of Canada. Reproduced by Permission.
Go to the War Diaries - Appendices (April 1918)

SUMMARY

Orders were received on March 21st to form the four M.G. Companies into one Battalion (consisting of Headquarters and two Companies, each Company consisting of four Headquarters and four batteries, each battery consisting of eight guns,) under command of Lieut. Col. J.G. Weir M.C. This involved an increase of personnel of well over 200 men, also increase of 21 horses and 12 wagons. A number of specialists such as signallers, Transport, N.C.O's, Cooks, the Battalion Q.M.S. and Transport Officer were to be sent direct from England. The nominal rolls were prepared and Battalion formed on paper. First A.F.B. 213 was sent to Base 23rd. March. At this time the German offensive started in the South. The M.G. Companies were hurried down to relieve worn out British Divisions in a threatened part of the line. The O.C., Lieut. Col. Weir decided that owing to the gravity of the situation he would not risk sending the Machine Guns into the line in a formation to which they were unaccustomed. To add to this the specialists (84 in all) did not arrive until the 31st. March, and the extra transport is not yet to hand. The specialists were kept out of the line pending an opportunity to re-organize. There were also 204 attached men from the Infantry. These were partially trained by Capt. J.A. McCamus M.C., but it was not found possible to keep them out of the line to complete their training, so they were sent in as carriers, two to each gun crew.

The M.G. Companies are therefore officially embodied into the 2nd. Canadian M.G. Battalion but at present are working under the four company organization for tactical purposes.

[Signed] J.G. Weir  Lieut. Col.
2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion

S E C R E T.

2ND CANADIAN DIVISIONAL M.G. BATTALION
22nd February 1918

DISPOSITION STATE
as at 6.00 a.m. 22nd Feby. 1918.

6th Canadian M.G. Company Advanced Headquarters M.23.d.4590.
ADJUNCT GROUP
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
No. 20. (MOULIN)
No. 21. (ADJUNCT)
No. 22. (ALMANAC)
No. 19
M.30.b.25.15.
N.19.c.68.50.
N.25.a.80.65.
N.25.a.58.25.
N.25.c.05.90.
BILLY GROUP
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
No. 23.
No. 17.
No. 16.
No. 18. (MILL HILL)
M.30.b.25.15.
M.30.d.14.32.
M.30.b.65.30.
M.30.b.21.85.
M.24.d.68.40.
THEODORE GROUP
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
TEDDY
PARIS (B)
COTTON
PADDOCK
M.18.d.80.10.
M.18.b.35.55.
M.18.d.90.50.
M.13.c.60.85.
M.24.b.95.75.
CROCODILE GROUP
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
POLAR
No. 13.
No. 14. (ABSOLOM)
No. 2.
M.23.d.45.90.
M.24.b.32.62.
M.24.c.74.88.
M.24.c.50.58.
M.23.b.92.05.
14th Canadian M.G. Company Advanced Headquarters M.22.d.90.65.
RIAUMONT GROUP
2 Guns
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
No. 6.
No. 5.
M.30.a.25.75.
M.24.c.95.05.
M.30.a.50.78.
ST. JOHNS GROUP
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
J.1.(a).
J.1.(b).
J.2.(a).
J.3.
J.4.
M.18.c.70.15.
M.18.c.70.15.
M.18.c.70.15.
M.18.c.70.15.
M.18.c.00.53.
M.23.b.40.80.
PETER GROUP
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
1 Gun
Section Headquarters
J.6.
J.7.
J.8.
J.9 (b).
M.18.a.55.90.
M.17.b.26.14.
M.17.b.23.18.
M.17.d.08.65.
M.17.a.55.00.

Anti-Aircraft Positions :-
No. 19
No. 18
PADDOCK
No. 2.
No. 6.
J.4.
M.30.d.80.86.
M.24.d.30.23.
M.24.b.87.87.
M.24.c.25.97.
M.24.d.00.00.
M.23.b.50.75.
M.22.d.95.75.
4th Canadian M.G. Company Rear Headquarters and Transport Lines at CARENCY
5th Canadian M.G. Company Rear Headquarters and Transport Lines at CARENCY
6th Canadian M.G. Company Rear Headquarters and Transport Lines at CARENCY
14th Canadian M.G. Company Rear Headquarters and Transport Lines at CARENCY
X.17.c.20.50.
X.22.b.80.20.
X.16.c.60.40.
X.16.c.60.50.


S E C R E T.

2ND CANADIAN DIVISIONAL M.G. BATTALION

DEFENCE SCHEME     )(     LENS SECTOR

  1. The organization of Machine Guns and Wire for the Defence of the 2nd Canadian Divisional Sector, is divided into the following:-
  2. (a) RESERVOIR HILL Defences (ADJUNCT Group.
    (BILLY Group.
    (b) JEANNE D'ARC Defences (THEODORE Group.
    (ST. JOHN'S Group.
    (c) RIAUMONT HILL Defences (GARENNES Group.
    (RIAUMONT Group.
    (CROCODILE Group.
    (GARDEN Group.
    (d) CEMETERY HILL Defences (NAPOO Group.
    (CEMETERY Group
    (SACRED Group
    (e) LA PLAINE SWITCH Defences (PETER Group.
    (PAUL Group.
    (f) RIDGE VILLAGE LINE Defences (ABRAHAM Group.
    (AUSTRALIA Group.
    All gun positions are named or numbered. The division into groups (of from three to five positions each)being made with due regard to the tactical necessity and control.
     
  3. The disposition of guns will be as follows - (See Map D.3. attached) :-

  4. (a) Guns permanently in the Line
    "A" Company (Co. Hd Qrs at M.23.d.46.88.
    ( THEODORE - 4 Guns
    ( ADJUNCT - 4 Guns
    ( BILLY - 4 Guns
    ( CROCODILE - 4 Guns
    "B" Company (Co. Hd Qrs at M.22.d.92.69.
    ( PETER - 4 Guns
    ( ST. JOHN'S - 5 Guns
    ( RIAUMONT - 3 Guns
    (b) Guns in close support.
    "B" Company - 4 guns at Company H.Q. in LIEVIN.
    (c) Guns in Corps Reserve.
    "C" and "D" Companies at CARENCY.
  5. "B" Company (4 guns) in reserve at LIEVIN, will be prepared, on orders from the D.M.G.C., to man immediately any of the following groups :-

  6. GARENNES - 5 guns
    GARDEN - 4 guns
    PAUL - 4 guns
  7. "C" and "D" Companies, in Corps Reserve at CARENCY, will be prepared to move to any part of the Corps Front, on receipt of orders from D.M.G.C., to:-

  8. (a). Man Defensive Positions
    (b). Supply covering fire batteries, to support Infantry Counter-attacks.
  9. Officers Commanding Companies will ensure that:-

  10. (a). All their Officers, N.C.Os, and Nos.1 Gunners are thoroughly familiar with, (in 2nd Canadian Divisional Area) :-
    1. Positions they may be ordered to occupy.
    2. Location of near-by guns.
    3. Duties of gun when in position.
    4. Best route of approach.
    5. All country between CRIMSON Trench, and RIDGE-VILLAGE Line, with reference to possible battery positions, for covering fire, and routes to same.
    6. Location of Machine Gun Dumps.
    (b). All their Officers, and two N.C.Os per section make a thorough reconnaissance of the remainder of the Corps Front, with reference to :-
    1. Positions they may be ordered to occupy.
    2. Location of emergency S.A.A. Dumps.
    3. Possible positions for covering-fire. Batteries, (4 guns each), for Infantry counter-attacks.
    4. Routes of approach.
  11. Night Harassing fire will be carried out at the rate of from 18,000 to 25,000 rounds per night. Officers Commanding Companies will inform by wire, the Artillery Group Commander, (in whose area they are) before 4.p.m. daily, the targets on which he intends to apply Harassing Fire, and the times of firing.

  12. Day Harassing fire may be carried out upon request from Brigade or Battalion Headquarters.
  13. The following Dumps have been prepared :-

  14. GARENNES - M.29.d.20.85
    CROOKED - M.23.a.80.10
    ST?AME - M.17.c.50.40.
    Each Dump contains 250,000 rounds S.A.A., 8 wooden "T" Mounts, 8 picks, and 8 shovels.
    "B" Company in Support will inspect these dumps twice weekly, and any shortages found will be made good. The Officer Commanding "B" Company will furnish a report on Tuesdays and Fridays that this has been done.
  15. RATIONS.

  16. Two days' Iron Rations, and two days drinking water per gun crew, will be maintained at each occupied position.
    100 Iron Rations and 10 Tins Drinking Water will be maintained at each Company Headquarters.
    The above rations are not to be used except under orders of a Section Officer.
  17. "B" Company will inspect all unoccupied positions in the following groups, three times weekly, to ensure that they are in good order, and each stocked with 10,000 rounds S.A.A. :-

  18. SACRED Group
    GARENNES Group
    GARDEN Group
    PAUL Group
    CEMETARY Group
    Any minor damages or deficiencies will be repaired or replaced.
    The Officer Commanding "B" Company will render reports to this office on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays that this has been done.
  19. First Army Trench Standing Orders for Machine Guns in Defensive Positions will be complied with.
[Signed] J.G. Weir, Major
D.M.G.C.
2nd Canadian Division

Appendix 2
Map Ref: SECRET
LENS 36o S.W.1  1:10,000 COPY No……
SHEET 36b S.E. 1st March 1918.

2nd CANADIAN DIVISIONAL M.G. BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 76.
-----------------------------------------------------------------

  1. An Inter-Battalion relief will be made on the night of 4th/5th inst., in the LENS Section.
  2. The 5th Company will relieve the 4th Company in the Support area.
  3. The 4th Company upon being relieved will relieve the 14th Company in the front line system.
  4. Arrangements for relief to be made direct between Os.C. Companies Companies concerned.
  5. Log Maps, Aeroplane Photos, Intelligence files, S.O.S. Lines, work in progress, information of positions, details of harassing fire etc., to be handed over to incoming relief. Defence Schemes and Maps 'C' and LENS sheets are not to be handed over.
  6. Receipts for Trench Stores to be taken and given, and copies to be sent to this Office.
  7. Billets, dug-outs, latrines, emplacements etc., to be clean and sanitary.
  8. On completion of relief the 14th Company will move to CARENCY, and take over the billets vacated by the 5th Company.
  9. Completion of relief to be wired  "YOUR B.N. RECEIVED AT" …
  10. ACKNOWLEDGE please.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Major,
D.M.G.C.
2nd Canadian Division.
Issued to:-
1. 2nd Canadian Division.
2. A.A. & Q.M.G.
3. 4th Cdn. Inf. Brigade.
4. 5th Cdn. Inf. Brigade.
5. 6th Cdn. Inf. Brigade.
6. 4th Cdn. M.G. Company
7. 5th Cdn. M.G. Company
8. 6th Cdn. M.G. Company
9. 14th Cdn. M.G. Company
10. O.R.E.
11. O.D.A.
12. O.M.G.O.
13. Signals.
14. D.M.G.O. 1st Cdn. Division
15. D.M.G.O. 3rd Cdn. Division
16. Office Copy.
17. - 20.  War Diary.

Appendix 3
SECRET
Ref. Maps LENS S.W.1.  1:10,000 COPY No……
Sheet 36B 1/40,000 8th March 1918.

2nd CANADIAN DIVISIONAL M.G. BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 77.
-----------------------------------------------------------------

  1. In accordance with 2nd Canadian Division O.O. No. 182 dated March 7th, the 2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion will be relieved in the LENS Section by the 4th Canadian M.G. Battalion, 11th and 12th insts.
  2. Divisional H.Q. will close at CHATEAU DE LA HAIE at 10.00 A.M. 13th March and will open at same hour at AUCHEL.

  3. D.M.G.C's office will close at CHATEAU DE LA HAIE at NOON 12th inst, and will open at same hour at MARQUEFFLES FARM.
  4. Reliefs and moves of this Battalion will be made in accordance with Move Table overleaf. Details of relief to be made direct between respective Companies of the 2nd and 4th M.G. Battalions.
  5. Each Company in this Battalion will leave 72,000 rounds bulk S.A.A. at their Transport Lines, and will take over 72,000 rounds from their opposite Company of the 4th M.G. Battalion in the new area.
  6. Advance parties from each Company to be sent to MARQUEFFLES to take over their mens' quarters and Transport Lines before the 4th M.G. Battalion moves out.
  7. All huts, billets, horse standings etc to be left in a clean and sanitary condition, and necessary certificates obtained from the Area Commandant.
  8. All information, maps, defence schemes, aeroplane photos etc pertaining to the Section, to be handed over. Receipts to be taken for trench stores, and copies sent to this office 24 hours after relief.
  9. 4th and 5th Companies to make arrangements for guides to take their sections to the new area on completion of relief.
  10. Completion of relief to be reported "YOUR B.N. RECEIVED AT …..
  11. ACKNOWLEDGE please.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Major,
D.M.G.C.
2nd Canadian Division.
Copies to:-
1. Office Copy
2. - 4.  War Diary
5. General Staff
6. 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade
7. 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade
8. 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade
9. D.M.G.C. 4th Cdn. Division
10. D.M.G.C. 3rd Cdn. Division
11. D.M.G.C. 1st Cdn. Division
12. C.M.G.O.
13. A.A. & Q.M.G.
14. 4th Canadian M.G. Company
15. 5th Canadian M.G. Company
16. 6th Canadian M.G. Company
17. 14th Canadian M.G. Company
18. 2nd C.D.A.
19. 4th C.D.A.
20. C.R.E.
21. A.P.M.
22. A.D.M.S.
23. S.S.O.
24. D.G.O.
25. Camp Commandant
26. Signals
27. 1 Tunnelling Coy. C.E.
28. 2nd Cdn. Div'l ?ing C.C.R.C.
29. V.O. 4th Cdn. Inf. Brigade.

RELIEF AND MOVE TABLE
DATE UNIT RELIEVED BY MOVES TO TAKES OVER REMARKS
March
11th-12th
4th C.M.G.Coy
in line
16th C.M.G.Coy. Marqueffles 16th Coy Billets
and lines at
Marqueffles Farm
Transport to clear
Carency camp by
11 a.m. 11th inst.
Route Gouy Servins
Bovigny-Boyeffles
March
11th-12th
5th C.M.G.Coy
in line
11th C.M.G.Coy. Marqueffles 11th Coy Billets
at Marqueffles
and Horse Lines
at Aix Noulette
Transport to clear
Carency camp by
11 a.m. 11th inst.
Route as above.
March
12th
6th C.M.G.Coy 12th C.M.G.Coy. Marqueffles 12th Coy. Billets
and Horse Lines
at Marqueffles
Transport to clear
Carency camp by
11 a.m.
Route as above.
March
12th
14th C.M.G.Coy 10th C.M.G.Coy. Marqueffles 10th Coy. Billets
at Marqueffles
Horse Lines at
Bouvigny-Boyeffles
Transport to clear
Carency by 11 a.m.
Route as above.

Appendix 4
2nd CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
Syllabus of Training week commencing March 18th 1918.
Date 4th C.M.G.Company 5th C.M.G.Company 6th C.M.G.Company 14th C.M.G.Company
March
18th
a.m. Manual of Arms; Lecture "Allocation of Duties" 9.45 a.m.; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Mechanism; Immediate action.
p.m. RECREATION
a.m. Squad Drill; Lecture Discipline & Compliments" 10.30 a.m. Stripping & Nomenclature of Parts; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Gun Drill. 
p.m. RECREATION
Duty Company a.m. Manual of Arms; Lecture 11.15 a.m. "Allocation of Duties"; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Mechanism; Immediate action.
p.m. RECREATION
March
20th
a.m. Squad Drill with Arms; Lecture "Reliefs & Sentry Orders" 9.45. a.m.; Mechanism; Immediate Action; Gun Drill;
p.m. Route March 1 Hour
a.m. Manual of Arms; Lecture "Allocation of Duties" 10.30 a.m.; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Mechanism; Immediate Action. 
p.m. Route March 1 hour.
a.m. Manual of Arms; Lecture "Allocation of Duties" 11.15 a.m.; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Mechanism; Immediate Action.
P.m. Route March 1 hour
Duty Company
March
18th
a.m. Squad Drill: Lecture 9.45 a.m. "Discipline & Compliments"; Stripping & Nomenclature of parts; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Gun Drill. 
p.m. RECREATION 
Duty Company a.m. Squad Drill: Lecture 9.45 a.m. "Discipline & Compliments"; Stripping & Nomenclature of parts; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Gun Drill. 
p.m. RECREATION
a.m. Squad Drill: Lecture 9.45 a.m. "Discipline & Compliments"; Stripping & Nomenclature of parts; Nomenclature of Sp. Parts; Gun Drill.
p.m. RECREATION
March
21st
Duty Company. 3.00 p.m. Lecture "Tanks" by Lt-Col F.H.FERNIE O.C. 7th Tank Battalion.  a.m. Squad Drill with Arms; Lecture 9.45 a.m. "Reliefs & Sentry Orders" Mechanism; Immediate Action; Gun Drill; 3.00 p.m. Lecture "Tanks" by Lt-Col F.H.FERNIE O.C. 7th Tank Battalion. a.m. Squad Drill with Arms; Lecture "Reliefs & Sentry Orders" 10.30 a.m.; Mechanism; Immediate Action; Gun Drill. 3.00 p.m. Lecture "Tanks" by Lt-Col F.H.FERNIE O.C. 7th Tank Battalion. a.m.Squad Drill with Arms Lecture 11.15 a.m. "Reliefs & Sentry Orders" Mechanism; Immediate Action; Gun Drill; 
3.00 p.m. Lecture "Tanks" by Lt-Col F.H.FERNIE O.C. 7th Tank Battalion.
March
22nd
a.m. Indirect Fire Range
p.m. Route March 1½hrs 
Duty Company a.m. Squad Drill; Lecture "Reference Objects & use of Trav. & Elevating Dials" 9.45 a.m.; Gun Drill (Gas Helmets Adjusted); Packing Limbers. 
p.m. Route March 1½hrs
a.m. Squad Drill; Lecture 10.30 a.m. "Reference Objects & use of Traverse & Elevating Dials"; Gun Drill (Gashelmets adjusted) Packing Limbers.
p.m. Route March 1½hrs
March
23rd
a.m. Squad Drill; Lecture "Reference Objects & Use of Traversing & Elev. Dials" 9.45 a.m.; Gun Drill (Gas Helmets adjusted); Packing Limbers. 
p.m. RECREATION
a.m. Squad Drill; Lecture "Reference Objects & Use of Traversing & Elev. Dials" 10.30 a.m.; Gun Drill (Gas Helmets Adjd) Packing Limbers.
p.m. RECREATION
Duty Company a.m. Indirect Fire Range
p.m. RECREATION
March
24th
a.m. Church Parade Inspection of Billets
p.m. RECREATION
a.m. Church Parade Inspection of Billets
p.m. RECREATION
a.m. Church Parade Inspection of Billets
p.m. RECREATION
Duty Company
NOTE: P.T. 7.30 - 8.00 a.m.; Gas Helmet Drill 8.00 - 8.30 a.m.; Company Parade 8.45 a.m.; Battalion Parade 9.00 a.m.
This Routine to be carried out daily.
5 hours daily 7.30 a.m. - 12.30 p.m. Bath Parades, Pay Parades etc., outside Training hours.
N.C.O's Class Daily 1.30 p.m. - 3.00 p.m. as per Company Schedule.
GAS DRILL TO BE PROGRESSIVE AS FOLLOWS:-
1st half hour - Adjusting S.B.R. by numbers; cleaning eyepieces.
2nd half hour - Speaking with S.B.R. adjusted; practice in giving orders.
3rd half hour - Method of cleaning mask from gas. How to test whether Trench of Dugout is clear of gas.
4th half hour - Quick Adjustment of S.B.R. (steel helmets to be worn & rifles carried).

Appendix 5
TO:- 4th, 5th, 6th, & 14th
Canadian M.G. Companies.
2ND CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
WARNING ORDER No. 31
SECRET
Reference Map Sheet 51B.
  1. In accordance with 2nd Canadian Division Wire G.35., the 2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion will be prepared to relieve the 56th Division Machine Gun Battalion commencing the night of the 23/24th insts.
  2. The 5th Canadian M.G. Company will relieve the 168th Company, Brigade Headquarters at B.2.b.10.50.

  3. The 6th Company will relieve the 167th Company, Bde . H.Qrs at B.27.a.40.80.
    The 4th Company will relieve the 169th Company, in Support Brigade H.Qrs. H.1.d.3.8.
    The 14th Company will relieve the Company in reserve, number not yet known, but Division H.Qrs, is at G.3.b.70.50.
  4. Bus for reconnoitring party will be at Town Major's Office BOUVIGNY-BOYEFFLES at 8.a.m. to-morrow 22nd inst., to take party to Division Headquarters at G.3.b.7.3. (near ECURIE, Guides to your opposite Company H.Qrs, will be met there. Maps of new area will be obtained from Capt. Younger, I Branch 2nd Cdn. Division on arrival at the H.Qrs of the 56th Division.
  5. Company Commanders will make their own arrangements about relief and be prepared for an early move.
  6. ACKNOWLEDGE.
Issued at 12.20.a.m.
[Signed] J.G. Weir Lieut-Col.
D.M.G.C.
2nd Canadian Division.

Appendix 6
"A" Form Army Form C.2121
MESSAGES AND SIGNALS

To: All Companies. 2nd Cdn. M.G. Battalion

Sender's Number: 28
Day of Month: 23

  1. On verbal orders from 2nd Canadian Division this Battalion will march to VILLERS AU BOIS this afternoon. Companies will move at 15 minute intervals as follows :- 4th Company 3.30 p.m. 5th Company, 5th Company, 14th Company. Intervals of 200 yards will be maintained between sections.
  2. Blankets to be piled on roadside near 4th and 6th Horselines and will be picked uop by lorry. Each Company to detail one man as loader.
  3. Advance party Capt. MILLICAN, Lieut MUCH and 1 signaller per Company to report to Town Major's Office VILLERS-AU-BOIS as soon as possible.
[Signed] GN Douglas Capt for Lt Col

Appendix 7
R2 28-110
SECRET.

2ND CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
R.F. 28-110
25th March 1918

TO:-  Os.C.
4th, 5th, 6th, & 14th
Canadian M.G. Companies.
2nd Canadian Division "G" - For information.
------------------------------------------------------
  1. Parades tomorrow, 26th inst., are cancelled.
  2. The 5th & 6th Companies will reconnoitre direct fire Battery Positions in the neighbourhood of COMMANDANT'S HOUSE with a view to covering RED LINE Trench if necessary.
  3. As per previous Orders the 4th & 14th Companies will reconnoitre positions between JUNCTION REDOUBT and RIDGE POST.
  4. Each Company will put on a picquet of 6 men and Companies will STAND TO in case of bombardment during the night.
  5. Transports will put on double picquet and will STAND TO and harness their horses immediately in case of bombardment.
  6. Signalling Officer to have one Signaller on Exchange and one in D.M.G.C's Office.
  7. ACKNOWLEDGE please.
 J.G. Weir  Lieut-Col.
 Comdg, 2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion

Appendix 8
SPECIAL ORDER
By LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR ARTHUR W. CURRIE, K.C.B., K.C.M.G.,
Commanding Canadian Corps.
-------------------------------------
27th March, 1918
In an endeavour to reach an immediate decision the enemy has gathered all his forces and struck a mighty blow at the British Army. Overwhelmed by sheer weight of numbers the British Divisions in the line between the SCARPE and the OISE have fallen back fighting hard, steady and undismayed.

Measures have been taken successfully to meet this German onslaught. The French have gathered a powerful Army, commanded by a most able and trusted leader and this Army is now moving swiftly to our help. Fresh British Divisions are being thrown in. The Canadians are soon to be engaged. Our Motor Machine Gun Brigade has already played a most gallant part and once again covered itself with glory.

Looking back with pride at the unbroken record of your glorious achievemnents, asking you to realize that today the fate of the British Empire hangs in the balance, I place my trust in the Canadian Corps, knowing that where Canadians are engaged there can be no giving way.

Under the orders of your devoted officers in the coming battle you will advance or fall where you stand facing the enemy.

To those who will fall I say, "You will not die but step into immortality. Your mothers will not lament your fate but will be proud to have borne such sons. Your names will be revered forever and ever by your grateful country and God will take you unto Himself".

Canadians, in this fateful hour, I command you and I trust you to fight as you have ever fought with all your strength, with all your determination, with all your tranquil courage. On many a hard fought field of battle you have overcome the enemy. With God's help you shall achieve victory once more.

[Signed] A.W. Currie
Lieutenant-General
Commanding, Canadian Corps.

Appendix 9
SECRET
REF: Map Sheet 51c
2ND CANADIAN M.G. BATTALION
28th March 1918.
2ND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER No. 31/79
-------------------------------------------------------------
  1. In accordance with 2nd Canadian Division, G.S. 21/276 dated March 28th, the 4th and 5th Infantry Brigades with the 4th and 5th Canadian M.G. Companies respectively will move at once to the 3rd Division area.
  2. Rendezvous for 4th Brigade WAILLY (R.23.a).

  3. Rendezvous for 5th Brigade FICHEUX (R.35.d).
  4. The 4th and 5th Brigades will come under the orders of the 3rd Division which has its Headquarters at BRETHENCOURT.
  5. Brigades will tonight hold PURPLE LINE and the TELEGRAPH HILL Switch from X.6.a.8.8. to M.17.a.4.4. (Sheet 51c & d). The 2nd Canadian Division will probably relieve the 3rd Division in the Left Section, 6th Corps Front, night 28th/29th. This line is to be held as long as possible.
  6. The 4th Company will detail one G.S. Limber for use of Battalion Headquarters to be attached to 14th Company, with 24 hours rations.
  7. ACKNOWLEDGE.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut-Col.
Comdg. 2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion
Issued at 9.35 p.m.

Copies to:-
4th, 5th, 6th, & 14th Coys.
4th & 5th C.I.Bs.


Appendix 10
 
Ref: Maps SECRET
Sheet 51c S.E. Copy No …..
Sheet 51b S.W. 28th March 1918.
LENS 11
2ND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER NO. 31-79/1
-------------------------------------------------------------
  1. In accordance with the 2nd Canadian Division O.O. 186 the 2nd Canadian Division will relieve the 3rd Canadian Division nights 28th/29th and 29th/30th March.
  2. The 5th Canadian Inf. Brigade will occupy the PURPLE LINE from S.1.b.7.9. to M.20.c.9.9. The 5th Canadian M.G. Company will be attached to the 5th Cdn. Inf. Brigade.
  3. The 4th Canadian Inf. Brigade will occupy the PURPLE LINE from M.20.c.9.9 to M.17.s.4.4.(Inc). The 4th Canadian M.G. Company will be attached to this Brigade.
  4. Boundaries between Brigades will be from M.20.c.9.9. in PURPLE LINE to CRUCIFIX in R.23.c.
  5. Headquarters 4th Cdn. Inf. Brigade in dug-out at R.11.b; Headquarters 5th Cdn. Inf. Brigade at 3rd Division Headquarters BRETENCOURT.
  6. Information as to Headquarters of M.G. Companies, S.A.A. Dumps, water supply etc., will be issued later.
  7. The 6th and 14th Cdn. M.G. Companies will move 29th inst.
  8. ACKNOWLEDGE.
Lieut-Col.
Comdg. 2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion.
Issued at 11.50.p.m.

Copies to:-
4th, 5th, 6th, & 14th
Can. M.G. Companies.
2nd Canadian Division
C.M.G.O.


Appendix 11
 
Ref: Maps SECRET
Sheet 51b S.E. Copy No …..
Sheet 51c S.W. 31st March 1918.

2ND CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION
OPERATION ORDER No. 31/80.
-------------------------------------------------------------

  1. In accordance with 2nd Canadian Division Warning Order G.223 dated March 30th, the 2nd Canadian Division will take over the left Battalion frontage of the GUARDS Division on night 31st March/1st April.

  2. On relief the boundaries between GUARDS and 2nd Canadian Divns will be as follows :-
    S.12.c.8.0. (Road inclusive) to Railway at S.11.d.3.4. thence along Railway (exc) S.3.d.8.1. to Road Junction S.2.d.7.7. (inc) to S.1.b.7.7. to K roads K.4.a.6.7. (exc).
  3. Four guns of the 14th Company will relieve one section of the GUARDS at:-

  4. 'A' Position 1 gun S.12.a.5.1.
    'B' Position 2 guns S.6.c.00.35.
    'C' Position 1 gun S.5.c.40.00.
  5. The 6th Company will withdraw their four guns at approximate N.25.d.05.60. and they will relieve four guns of the GUARDS at:-

  6. 'C' Position 1 gun S.5.c.40.00.
    'D' Position (2 guns S.4.c.95.95.(Sect Hqrs)
    (1 gun S.4.c.70.40.
  7. The Section of the 14th Company will be rationed by their Company but will come tactically under the O.C., 9th Company.
  8. Guides from the GUARDS will be at the Cross Roads at S.2.s.60.75. at 6.00 p.m. Guns to be taken forward from this point.
  9. Ration Dumps will be :-

  10. S.4.c.50.95. for the Section of the 6th Company.
    S.5.c.40.00. for the Section of the 14th Company.
  11. All Gun Equipment, 10 bolts per gun, 2 Petrol Tins of Water will be taken by each crew. Seven man crews will be taken in and three of these will be sent back to Transport Lines of respective Companies.
  12. 10,000 Rds bulk S.A.A. to be established at all positions as soon as possible.
  13. Relief complete to be reported "YOUR 31/30 RECEIVED AT ….
  14. ACKNOWLEDGE.
[Signed] J.G. Weir
Lieut-Col.
Comdg. 2nd Canadian M.G. Battalion
Issued at 2.45 p.m.

Copies to:-
1 4th Canadian M.G. Company
2 5th Canadian M.G. Company
3 6th Canadian M.G. Company (Forwd).
4 6th Canadian M.G. Company (Rear).
5 2nd Canadian Division.
6 GUARDS Division
7 O.C. Guards M.G. Battalion
8 4th Cdn. Inf. Bde.
9 5th Cdn. Inf. Brigade
10 6th Cdn. Inf. Brigade
11 C.M.G.O. VI Corps
12 C.M.G.O. Cdn. Corps
13-15 War Diary
16 Office Copy


Trench Map
LENS 36C S.W.1. Scale 1:10,000
March 1918
Showing the City of Lens, with Trenches Corrected to 21-10-17.
Also amended with (a) Machine Gun Positions, (b) Nightly Harassing Fire Targets, (c) Raid on Enemy March 6th, (d) S.O.S. Line, and (e) Other Divisions S.O.S. Lines.

Tactical Scheme: No.1
Disposition of Machine Guns, To Accompany 2nd. Can. M.G. Battalion. Operation Order No. 'K' dated 16th March, 1918. Tracing from Sheet St. Nazaire River 1:20,000. Date Mch. 1918.

(Trench) Map No. 4. March 24th 1918
Covering Vimy area, and showing posts and redoubts occupied in late March 1918.

NOMINAL ROLL AND DISTRIBUTION OF OFFICERS
(INCLUDING INFANTRY OFFICERS)
OF
2nd CANADIAN MACHINE GUN BATTALION.

-------------------------------------------
BATTALION HEADQUARTERS
-------------------------------------------

Lieut-Colonel. J.G. WEIR. M.C. Officer Commanding.
Major. J.E. McCORKELL. 2nd. in Command.
Capt. G.N. DOUGLAS. Adjutant.
Capt. J. STONEHEWER. Quartermaster.
Capt. J.A. STEWART. Medical Officer. (C.A.M.C.)
Capt. T.D. PATTERSON. Paymaster. (C.A.P.C.)
Lieut. W.V. SMART. Quartermaster. (27th Battn)
Lieut. S.G. FILDES. Asst. Adjutant. (27th Battn)
Lieut. E.S. SACKS. Signal Officer.

No. 1 COMPANY.
Headquarters.


Major. J. BASEVI. Officer Commanding.
Lieut. P. COWAN. Transport Officer.
"A" Battery. "B" Battery.
A/Capt.  L.F. WHITE. A/Capt.  C.V. WILLIAMS.
Lieut.  A.P. WILLIAMS. Lieut.  J.F. PRICE.
Lieut.  R.M. McKENZIE. Lieut.  W.P. TOZER.
Lieut.  T.H. DUDLEY. (27th Battn)
"C" Battery. "D" Battery.
A/Capt.  G. HOBSON A/Capt.  H.A. McBURNEY
Lieut.  F.L. MUCH. Lieut.  G.E. HURLEY
Lieut.  C.W. TRAVIS. Lieut.  J.R. BURCHELL (25th Battn)
Lieut.  H. DAVIS. (24th Battn)

No. 2 COMPANY.
Headquarters.


Major W.M. PEARCE. Officer Commanding.
Lieut. E.J.K. NORRIS. Transport Officer.
"E" Battery. "F" Battery.
Lieut.  W.L. JACKSON. Capt.  J.A. RAMSAY.
Lieut.  N.G. RICHARDSON. Lieut.  A.F. MAHAFFY.
Lieut.  W.H. PATTERSON. Lieut.  F. LAYTON.
"G" Battery. "H" Battery
Capt.  G.W.H. MILLICAN. Capt.  R. FLEMING.
Lieut.  W.R. EDMUNDS. Lieut.  T.H. O'ROURKE.
Lieut.  A.H. CAMERON. (21st Battn) Lieut.  C.W. BLAIR. (26th Battn)
Lieut.  W.J. KRIETZER. (18th Battn)
Major  A. GRAHAM. (102nd Battn)

No. 3 COMPANY.
Headquarters.


Capt. J.A. McCAMUS Officer Commanding.
Lieut. A.G. CLEGHORN. Transport Officer.
"J" Battery. "K" Battery
Lieut.  H.S. SALISBURY. Lieut.  H.J.L. PEARCE.
Lieut.  G.W. COMSTOCK. Lieut.  W.E. MILLSAP.
Lieut.  A.R. SWITZER. (19th Battn) Lieut.  A.G. MERCER. (29th)
Lieut.  H.E. HOPKINS (20th Battn) Lieut.  C.H. BINDELL (28th)
"L" Battery. "M" Battery.
Lieut.  C.G. FROST. Lieut.  J.A. McCULLOCH.
Lieut.  A.B. WHITE. Lieut.  H.M. SIBBALD.
Lieut.  H.J. BUSH. Lieut.  J.J. McLAREN.
Lieut.  F.J.G. GARNEAU. (22nd Battn) Lieut.  A.D. ROUGHTON. (31st)
 

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