Photography & Photographers
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Invented in 1850, this was the first commercially viable method of producing a print on paper from a negative.
It was used until about 1900.
Carte de Visite (cdv)
A photographic print mounted on cardboard approximately 2½ x 4¼ inches.
The photograph was usually an albumen print, smaller than the card, measuring 2½ x 3½ inches,
leaving room for the name of the photographer or studio.
Patented in 1854 by a Parisian photographer, it was introduced to England in 1857
and was popular from 1860 to the 1890s, when the larger cabinet card became more popular.
A photographic print mounted on cardboard approx 4¼ × 6½ inches.
The photograph was usually smaller than the card, measuring 4 x 5½ inch,
leaving room for the name of the photographer or studio to be printed.
Introduced in 1863, its popularity peaked from 1870 until the early 1900s, when it was phased out 1905-1920.
Early cabinet cards used albumen prints, although other processes were used for later cards.
A negative number was often included on the back.
In addition to cabinet cards and cartes-de-visite, less common sizes include
Victoria (5 × 3½ inches, introduced in the 1870s)
Promenade (7 or 7½ × 4 inches, introduced ca. 1874)
Boudoir (8½ × 5¼ inches, introduced in the 1890s)
Imperial (9 7/8" x 6 7/8" inches, introduced in the 1890s)
Panel (8¼" x 4")
Stereograph (3" x 7")
"Pioneer" postcards before 1898, carried instructions on the back such as
"write the address only on this side, the message on the other".
The "golden age" of postcards was from 1898 to 1918, and they were sized 3½ x 5½ inches.
The standard modern postcard size is 4 x 6 inches, and they were mostly published after the 1940s.
Divided back for address and message appeared in England from as early as 1902.
From about 1910 to 1925, cameras were sold that took postcard-sized images,
so many personal snapshots were produced on postcard stock by the photographer.
Common studio accessories
1860's - balustrade, column and curtain
1870's - rustic bridge and stile
1880's - hammock, swing and railway carriage
1890's - palm trees, cockatoos (usually stuffed specimens) and bicycles
1900's - the motor car
Photographers of Derbyshire
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BRITANNIA'S ELECTRIC PORTRAITS LTD;
Britannia's Electric Portraits perhaps in the earlier days had studios at
Grantham, Mansfield, Nottingham & Lincoln (identified on first photo)
Then perhaps later (circa 1915) had studios at
Ilkeston, Kidderminster, Coventry, Peterborough, Chesterfield, Wigan & Boston (identified on second photo)
Britannia's Electric Portraits Ltd operated from 16a High Street, Chesterfield in 1932. It operated as early as 1928.
Photos taken by BRITANNIA'S ELECTRIC PORTRAITS LTD include
Miss RODGERS circa 1915
CHESTERFIELD STUDIOS; Chesterfield, DBY
Chesterfield Studios was based at 33 Burlington Street, Chesterfield, at least 1913-1917.
Photos taken by CHESTERFIELD STUDIOS include
Elizabeth (Lizzie) BRAILSFORD, abt 1900
POLLARD GRAHAM; Rodney Chambers, Corn Market, DBY
Pollard GRAHAM (or Graham POLLARD?) was a photographer based at Rodney Chambers, Corn Market,Derbyshire.
Photos taken by GRAHAM include
HEATH, Albert; Clay Cross, DBY
Albert HEATH was a photographer based at Thanet Street, Clay Cross, Derbyshire.
I have been told he was listed in Kelly's Directory as a photographer 1904-1912, although I have not checked these sources.
Photos taken by Albert HEATH include
ladies cleaning church or hall
three little girls
Emma STOPPARD [mar BRAILSFORD] circa 1925
HOLMES, F; Eldon Street, Clay Cross, DBY
F HOLMES was a photographer based at Eldon Street, Clay Cross, Derbyshire.
Photos taken by F HOLMES include
MORGAN'S STUDIO, Cavendish St, Chesterfield, DBY
Henry John Morgan operated from MORGAN'S STUDIO, based at 7 Cavendish St, Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
It was listed in the Trades directories for 1926-7, and Kelly's Directory 1932.
Photos taken by MORGAN'S include
SEAMAN & SONS; Chesterfield, Ilkeston & Alfreton, DBY
Alfred SEAMAN had photographic studios at
High Street Alfreton (1895-1900)
Brewery Street Chesterfield (1881-1908)
Market Hall, Corporation St Chesterfield (1887-1895)
6 High Street Chesterfield (1899-1917)
51a Bath St Ilkeston (1887-1891)
Borough Studio 158a Bath St Ilkeston (1895-1900)
4 Pelham Street Ilkeston (1904-1912)
2 & 4 Pelham Street Ilkeston (1932)
Photos taken by SEAMAN & SONS include
Alfred BRAILSFORD, 5 Dec 1926
SEAMAN's Snapshot Service
Alfred BRAILSFORD & Ann (Nancy) HUDSON wedding 6 Apr 1931
Group Wedding Photo 6 Apr 1931
LEUCHARS, William, Chesterfield, DBY
William LEUCHARS was a photographer based at Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
He was listed in the 1895 Kelly Directory as being at High Street, Chesterfield.
Also operated from 13 Market Place, Chesterfield.
Listed in trades directoried until at least 1927.
Photos taken by LEUCHARS include
WALLIS, R; Chesterfield, DBY
R WALLIS was a photographer based at 68 Sycamore Avenue, Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
Photos taken by WALLIS include
Photographers of Lancashire
RADIUM COMPANY, Pleasure Beach, Blackpool
RADIUM COMPANY had "branches everywhere".
Photos taken by RADIUM COMPANY include
Photographers of Lincolnshire
BULLEN JS; Grimsby and Louth
J S BULLEN was a photographer based at Grimsby and Louth, Lincolnshire.
Photos taken by BULLEN include
Photographers of Manchester
GEE, H; Longsight, Manchester
Gee was based at 19 or perhaps 519 Stockport Rd, Longsight, which is on the Stockport side of Manchester in county Manchester.
Photos taken by GEE include
Young girl ag abt 3
Young girl ag abt 8
HERBERT was a photographer based at Lancaster, possibly Manchester.
Photos taken by HERBERT include
Ellen BRAILSFORD abt 1910
Ellen BRAILSFORD abt 1918
unknown lady abt 1918
Photographers of Northamptonshire
BAMFORD, H; Montagu St, Kettering, Northamptonshire
Photos taken by BAMFORD include
William NEWBOLD & Elizabeth BRAILSFORD
Photographers of Nottinghamshire
SHORT EP & SON, Derby Road, Nottingham
E P SHORT & SON were based at Derby Road, Nottingham.
Photos taken by SHORT include
Photographers of Somerset
BROWN & CO; 21 Regent St, Weston Super Mare, Somerset
Brown & Co was based at 21 Regent St, Weston Super Mare.
I have seen another photo by RW Brown Weston Super Mare taken circa 1919
Photos taken by BROWN & CO include
Photographers of Yorkshire
F Newells, Photographic Studio, York
F Newells was based at a Photographic Studio in York.
Photos taken by F Newell includes
Agnes BRAILSFORD (younger)
Hertz & Co, 11 Lumb Lane, Westgate, Bradford
Hertz & Co was based at 11 Lumb Lane, Westgate, Bradford.
Photos taken by Hertz & Co includes
Agnes BRAILSFORD (elder)