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THE TREDWELLS

go to Outline Tredwell Descendants

Sophia Tredwell (born 1814) was my Gt.Gt.Grandmother. Her second husband was Francis Pigg and they had 3 children, one of whom was Eliza who married Frederic Bradley (my Gt.Grandparents). The Tredwells have proved to be a really interesting line of research. The start of my enquiries stemmed from an old album from a Cousin Eliza Bradley (with no names or dates on any bar 2 photos!) in which there is one photo of a military gentleman that had a pencil marking on the back. The writing looked like 'Sargent'. In my ignorance I presumed this was his rank, but on further investigation and with the help of various military bodies it was decided this was not the case judging by his medals and other items of uniform that suggested otherwise. Apparently he was a Brevet Major. This, along with the medals, made him easier to identify and it was only when a gentleman who knows about these things found a list of Brevet Majors with one who was named John Neptune Sargent, that the penny dropped - his name was Sargent!

Thumbnail - click for larger picture.

Now, I thought it would be easy to find out what his connection was with the family. Obviously I thought he had married a Bradley somewhere along the line. On obtaining his military records it was discovered he had two sons. This fact helped me to determine his wife`s name and maiden name - surname Champion! No luck there. At this stage I was thinking perhaps he was just a distinguished person of the time - a bit of a hero - and they had his photo. Some time later I came across his name where it was stated he was mentioned in the 'Dictionary of National Biography'. This was a bumper find as right at the end it stated that he had been married twice - first to R S Champion and secondly to Alice M, second daughter of Thomas Tredwell!! Bingo! I had always found the name of Neptune intriguing - apparently he was born at sea on the East India Ship 'Atlas' which ran to New South Wales and China. He served with the 95th Regiment of Foot in the Eastern campaign of 1854-55 including the battles of Alma and Inkerman, and siege and fall of Sebastapol. He served in the campaign of 1860 in North of China. (Medals and clasps, Brevet of Major, Knight of the Legion of Honor, 5th class of the Medjidie and Turkish Medal and CB). So that was that mystery solved in that he was Sophia Tredwell`s nephew by marriage.  The interesting paths this family history research can take you down, never cease to amaze.

This Tredwell line has proved very interesting in regard to their industrial connections with the canals and railways of the early and mid 19th century around the Midlands in the UK and also in foreign parts. 

I am also aware of and in touch with, other members of a Tredwell line descended from a John Tredwell who married Maria Pittaway in Dodderhill, Worcestershire in 1823.  We are all convinced that 'my' Sophia and 'their' John were more than likely first cousins but there lies the challenge - proving it!  Both these Tredwell families were around the Worcestershire area in the early 19th century and there are too many coincidences for them not to be related, in particular with Francis and Esther and their family.  See - Outline Descendants of John Tredwell.

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Sophia was one of 9 children born to:

WILLIAM (1777-1840) AND ELIZABETH (1779-1827)

William Tredwell (married to Elizabeth (?)) was a canal digger according to the baptism entry for son Thomas in Burbage (1807), and then a wharfinger on later entries. Unfortunately I have been unable to find any marriage details relating to William and Elizabeth and apart from the baptism entries for the children, the earliest knowledge we have of him is from a Court record for Worcestershire dated 30th April 1810.  William, of the parish of Tardebigg in the County of Warwick Labourer, and a police constable Norris Walker of the parish of Bromsgrove in the County of Worcester appear before a Justice of the Peace to give account of the theft of a measuring tape belonging to William while working from the Wharf of the Birmingham and Worcester Canal on the 21 day of April. The tape was later found in the lodgings of a man called Johnson, in Bromsgrove. Mapping the baptism places for William`s children leads me to believe that the family moved around the country while William was working on the canals.  This appears to be the case also with the children and their families: Hampshire proves a familiar place with Francis and Esther, Mary and Joseph Bourne and also the 'other' Tredwells e.g. John and Maria from the years 1835-38.

The Tredwell family appear to have done well for themselves. A local (Gloucester) canal historian Hugh Conway-Jones has furnished me with the following information. He had come across the name William Tredwell of Hadzor coal merchant, as one of the contractors who was involved in building part of the Gloucester & Sharpness Canal 1819-20. William was in partnership with Charles Pearce of Frampton-On-Severn, Glos, canal contractor.

Hugh has proved very helpful through his extensive researches into the canal and railway systems of that time, particularly in Gloucester   - please see Hugh`s website Gloucester Docks & the Sharpness Canal.  Hugh also gave me information contained in Alan White`s book 'The Worcester and Birmingham Canal - Chronicles of the Cut' which states that in 1812 William took over Messrs Heminsley`s contract to cut two miles of the canal at the Hanbury end of the Five Mile Pound, and then in 1813 he was awarded the contract for cutting the canal from Blockhouse Fields to the Severn and in September had another contract for cutting a length further up the canal. After the canal was opened in 1815 William set up as a coal merchant at Hanbury Wharf, Hadzor and in March 1816 was permitted to build a house on the wharf, which later became a public house known as the Wharf House. In April 1821 William was instructed to complete the excavation and puddling of side ponds for the barge locks at Diglis. In 1824 William was also involved in extending the south end of Worcester Wharf and then in the period 1825-29 he carried out maintenance work on the Coombe Hill Canal which had been leased by the Worcester and Birmingham. Finally in 1831 he was awarded a contract for work on the Dunhampstead Tunnel and building a railway about four miles long to serve a limestone quarry in the parish of Himbleton.  Hugh has also been so helpful in furnishing me with further information regarding the work of William`s sons who became involved and expanded their father`s interests.

William died in 1840 and was buried at St James Hadzor. According to the burial details he was 63 years old.

The children of William and Elizabeth:

Francis (1801-1847) -  (Contractor for Public Works) married Esther Piercy at St Peter`s Worcester 23 June 1822. It would seem he was in business partnership with his younger brothers Thomas, William and Solomon. Judging by the birthplaces for the children this family too moved around quite a bit - more than likely because of Francis' work in connection with the railways. There were ten children:

Elizabeth (bapt. 1822 Stoke Prior) married John Harding, railroad contractor. It could be possible that they were married in Folkestone, Kent where Elizabeth would have been with her family.  In 1841 she and John and son John Francis (11 months) are living in Fancy (?) Street in Folkestone.  By 1851, John and Elizabeth are in Stourbridge, Worcs. with son William aged 6 (b. Glos).    Also with them is Sarah Ann Tredwell, daughter of John and Maria Tredwell (kinship yet to be confirmed). John Francis is at school in Aston, Birmingham and also with him is a John Tredwell aged 13 born in East India.  In 1861 John snr and son William are lodging in Fernilee, Derbys. (both plate layers on the railway). Meanwhile Elizabeth and a further son Martin Thomas aged 4 (b. Fakenham, Norfolk) are back in Witton, Droitwich, along with Esther, Elizabeth`s widowed mother.  There is no trace of any of this family in 1861 and it is possible they moved abroad. Descendants possibly  lived in Br. Guyana (contents of Mary`s (Elizabeth`s sister) Will wherein Mabella Harding daughter of Martin Harding of Demerara was mentioned). In 1871 John Francis Harding appears at 4 Berkeley St. Gloucester with his wife Cecilia (Harris, daughter of Thomas Harris, Farmer of Droitwich).  They married in 22 July 1867 in Weston Super Mare.  In 1881 they are in High Street, Stourbridge with daughter Cecilia aged 4. John is a railway labourer.  In 1891 they are in Pangbourne, Berks.

Mary (bapt. 1824 Stoke Prior) who married William Copple in 1839 at St Giles, Cripplegate, London - no children.  On the marriage certificate Mary`s abode is 21 Red Cross Square and she is of full age.  As her baptism is 1824 and if this is her birth as well then she was well under age.  Unfortunately every census return gives a different age for her.  No Tredwells as witnesses. William died 1878 in Droitwich and Mary died 1910. She lived in Witton all her life. In her Will she left monies to her sisters Emma Bourne and Eliza Wheeler, her brother Solomon and Jane his wife. Also to her nieces Mary Catherine Bell Lowe, Ann Eliza Lowe, Caroline Sophia Goddard, Catherine Sophia Wheeler, Maude Seymour (wife of Fred. Seymour), Clara Dolly Seymour, Kathleen Nora and Edith Tredwell. To nephews William Lowe (Chris), Frederick and John Francis Wheeler, Jack, Sydney and Martin Tredwell.  Also to Mabella Harding, daughter of Martin Harding of Demerara.  Mary Catherine Bell Lowe lived with Mary for many years.

William (b. Birmingham 1826).  In 1851 William is living with his widowed mother and sister Sophia in Witton, Droitwich. In 1861 he is on his own, but status as married (no marriage found as yet), still in Witton and is a proprietor of houses. William has proved quite an enigma for myself and a few other researchers. In 1871 William is in Town Lane, Shepton Mallet with his 'wife' Mary A and son William S. However, no birth could be found for William Solomon, although a marriage has been found for William and Mary Partridge on 2 July 1876. Mary was a widow and her maiden name was Harris (daughter of Thomas Harris, Farmer of Droitwich)and it would appear sister to Cecilia, wife of John Francis Harding above.  Also with them on the 1871 census was a 'niece' Lucy Partridge, so following this as a clue I think the mystery has been solved in that Mary Harris had been married to Henry Partridge in 1850 and they had 3 children, Henry, Lucy and John (1861 census, Droitwich).  A birth was then found for William Solomon Partridge 18th July 1861.  It looks as though Henry died and William and Mary then had the children with them.  In 1881 William, Mary, John, Lucy and William Soloman are living at 127 Overend St. West Bromwich. Also it appears as though John changed his name back to Partridge at one point and then on his marriage to Ann Ralph in 1881 his name is John Tredwell Partridge.  William Solomon Tredwell married Frances Emma Greenhall May 9 1886 in West Bromwich.  Mary in 1891 is living with her daughter Lucy and son-in-law William Caldicott and their children William and Esther in John St. Bilston, Staffs. Mary is classed as married. In 1901 the family are still together in Bilston, this time George St. and now including John Henry Caldicott.  Mary is now a widow.  There is a death for Mary Ann Tredwell in 1907.  All very interesting..........  I would like to find out what happened to William Snr.

Ann (b. 1828) married Richard Maxted Stroud in Cheriton, Nr Folkestone July 1845.  Ann was 18 years old and Richard 24 and he was a Postmaster.  No Tredwells appear as witnesses on the marriage certificate.  Due to the relatively paltry sum of  money her father Francis left to Ann compared to her siblings in his Will (made August 1847) leads me to wonder whether this marriage had parental approval.  Francis also stipulated that if Ann die before her 21st birthday this money should revert to his estate. Ann and Richard had a daughter Annie Eliza Tredwell Stroud born 1846 in Folkestone and christened 1850.  In 1851 Annie and her father Richard (widow) are still in Folkestone.  In 1861 Richard has married again (another Ann) and has 3 more children Mary B, Richard M and Elizabeth. He is still in Folkestone and is now a Fishmonger.  No sign of Annie.  In 1867 Annie is marrying Edwin Elijah Lowe (Tailor and Draper) in Swansea, Wales and in 1871 they are living with 2 children Mary B (2) and Christopher (1), both children born in Swansea.  In 1881 Annie and children Mary B, Christopher (9 and born in Hamburg, Germany), William (2 born in Worcester) are living Claines, Worcester.  There is an Edwin Lowe - Draper living in Middlesex - unmarried!.  1891 Mary Catherine Bell Lowe is living with aunt Mary Copple.  Christopher is married and living in Smethwick.

Emma  married John Bourne in 1850 in Droitwich.  In 1851 she is living with his family in Droitwich.  In 1861 they are in Dodderhill area. She was widowed soon after and never remarried.

Sophia (b.1831 Chorley) married Thomas William Goddard, a farmer from Hampshire, in February 1854 in Droitwich.  In 1861 they are living at Murrell  Farm, Odiham, Hants. with children Caroline (3) and William (1).  Eldest surviving son Sydney (5) is staying with Uncle Henry Goddard (farmer) in Easthampstead, Berks. Sydney remains a bachelor. Thomas Tredwell Goddard b. 1855 d. 1856.  Further children were Maud, Mary, Clara, Joseph and finally Arthur.  Sophia died 1873.  In 1885 Caroline married John Parsons, licenced victualler and in 1891 they are at the Kings Arms Hotel, Market Place, Newbury.  - 3 children Ethel, Vera and Edgar. In 1901 they are all at Pembury Cottage, Newport Road, Aldershot and John is a grocer/carman.  In  1890 Maud married Frederick Seymour (bookmaker - family business it appears) and in 1891 they are living in Henley with 1 month old Frederick.  In 1901 they are in St Marks Road, Henley with Winifred Maud (b.1891) and Ronald Leslie F (b.1893).  In 1898 Clara married Frederick`s brother, Thomas Seymour, also a bookmaker and in 1901 they are living in Reading Road with son Thomas aged 2.  Thomas William Goddard remarried in 1875 to Fanny Cooper.

Francis (bapt.1833 Bromsgrove) - nothing known.

Eliza (bapt. Hadzor 1834) married Joseph Wheeler, a Baker and Malster in Droitwich in 1853. In 1861 they are living in St Andrew`s Street with children John Francis ((6), William Tredwell ((5), Joseph Frederick (3) and Catherine Sophia (7mths). In 1871 they are in Briar (?) Mill Road, with William, Sophia, Solomon (7) and Albert (Henry) (4). Joseph is now a farmer employing 1 man.  in 1871 John Francis is staying with a cousin in Birmingham and Joseph is a pupil in Ribbesford.  In 1881 apart from William Tredwell, they are all living in Ombersley Road, Droitwith, Joseph still farming and employing 1 man on16 acres. William Tredwell Wheeler is now married to Agnes and they have a one year old daughter Alice and live in Leigh. 1891 finds Joseph and Eliza and family of Frederick, Kate, Solomon and Henry (a mechanical engineer) all living at The Firs, Ombersley Road, Droitwich. In 1901 they are still in Droitwich - Joseph, Eliza, Frederick and Henry.  There were 2 daughters that died in infancy.  Catherine Sophia married Jackson Gabb, Solicitor, in 1900 and in 1901 they are living in Tagwell Road, Droitwich.  I think John Francis married in 1889.  What ever happaned to him and his brother William?

John (b. possibly in East India (see 1851 census) and baptised 4 Sept 1836 Winchfield, Hants  d. 1875 Odiham, Hants.) a farmer of Murrell Green, Odiham, married Anne Lane 1959 Claines, Worcs. Anne died 1871 Odiham - no known children.  Question - did the whole family travel to India?

Solomon (b. 1843 Folkestone, Kent) married Jane Barrett 1st February 1866 at St Saviours, Paddington, Middlesex.  Solomon was a railway contractor.  As I cannot find them on the 1871 census I presume they might have been in Ireland as Catherine Frances their second child was born Knocknadona, Antrim in 1870. (Also in Antrim at this time was Solomon`s cousin - also Solomon (son of William and Martha) - this from William`s Will). Catherine had an older brother John born in Wycombe, Bucks 1867.  In 1881 Solomon, Jane and their family - John,  Kathleen (diff. spelling), Harry (8 died 1888), Norah (6), Myra (4), Sidney (3) and Martin (1) are living in Bettesworth Road, Ryde, Isle of Wight.  In 1891 they are still at the same address this time with Edith aged 9.  In 1901 Solomon, Jane, Kathleen, Norah, and Edith are now at 120 Arthur St. Ryde. Mira died 1896.  Kathleen married Joseph Thompson 1913 and Martin married Gladys Thompson also in 1913.

Frances and Esther are first found in 1841 living in Folkestone with children William, Ann, Emma, Sophia, Eliza and John. Francis is a railroad contractor. Their oldest daughter Elizabeth is already married to John Harding (then a plate layer) and living also in Folkestone with their 11 month old son John, born in Kent. Mary was living with husband William Copple (loco engine driver) in Southampton.

Francis (snr) died 1847 leaving a sizeable inheritance. (Will held). In his Will (dated 11th August 1845 and written in Folkestone) he mentions his brothers John of Aston and Thomas of Burbridge. Also his wife Esther. He leaves £3,000 to each of his children except Mary who receives £2,000 and Ann £500 - what did she do? Francis is buried in Hartlebury, Worcester, so it appears the family returned to this area sometime between 1845 and 1847.

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Charles was born 1802 in Devizes, Wilts and died 1816 at Hadzor, Worcs.

John

  

was born in Devizes in 1805. In 1841 John is with his brother Thomas and his wife Ann and their 3 year old daughter Eliza in Reigate, Surrey. Also with them is Sophia Bourne (later Piggott), their sister, married to Thomas Bourne. John married Elizabeth Skilliter in 1824 in Langford, Beds.  Elizabeth died in 1869 while living at Leigham Court, Streatham Hill, Surrey. He then married Maria Coxe from Chalford, Glos. in March 1870. Maria was living with the family as a companion according to the 1851 census at Leigham House. He appears with her on the 1871 census still at Leigham Court, along with his niece Eliza Skilliter, a George Temple as visitor and about 10 servants. The following information has very kindly been provided by a member of the Streatham Local History Society (copyright JOHN W BROWN/LOCAL HISTORY PUBLICATIONS/THE STREATHAM SOCIETY) giving me an insight into John`s life in Leigham during this time. 

 'Leigham Court House was one of a number of fine mansion properties built in Streatham in the 19th century.  These large houses normally stood in extensive grounds of landscaped gardens and park land.  Some of the properties were virtually self-sufficient entities, their kitchen gardens, dairies and brew houses providing ample provisions for the household.  Numerous servants would be employed to cater to the needs of their masters and to keep the house and surrounding land in good order. Leigham Court House was one of the largest and grandest of these mansions, surrounded by large formal gardens, woodland walks and open parkland. The grounds in which the house stood now form the Leigham Court Estate encompassing Amesbury, Barcombe, Cricklade and Downton Avenues, Emsworth Street, Faygate Road and part of Hillside Road.  The house was built in the 1820s by John George Fuller.  In 1831 Fuller described himself as a wine merchant of St James`s Street and was an owner of Boodles Club.  The original house cost £6,500 and was extended by the addition of a wing designed by John Papworth.  It is said that the house was originally intended to be used as a country gaming club associated with Boodles but it appears to have spent most of its life as a palatial private residence.

Following Fuller`s death in 1849, the property was purchased by John Tredwell, a railway contractor.  Local legend tells how he started life as a "humble navvy" and rose to a man of great wealth through his contracting work.  As a reminder of his humble origins he is said to have kept his pick and shovel in the hallway at Leigham Court to serve as a constant reminder to him of his unostentatious early life!  Herbert Baldwin, the author of "Streatham Old and New", came from a distinguished publishing family.  His father, Edward Baldwin moved to the area in 1859, where he resided in a large house at the top of Mitcham Lane, opposite Streatham Green.  Edward was a noted newspaper proprietor, at one time being the owner of "The Daily Herald" and part proprietor of "The Standard".  Herbert remembered visiting Leigham Court on one occasion and mentions how he was standing admiring a "very fine painting of a man in ordinary working clothes" when John Tredwell approached him "and with natural pride explained that it was no effect of the painter`s imagination, but a portrait of himself."

Behind the house was a large formal garden with a central fountain with orchards beyond.  The grounds contained a large lake, euphemistically called the Fish Pond, complete with a boat house and a small island for rowers to head for, which was a popular spot for summer picnics.

At the south eastern extremity of the estate John Tredwell built a tall tower as an observation platform, which was known locally as "Tredwell`s Folly".  From the top of the tower panoramic views of the surrounding countryside were obtained. Tall trees and shrubs screened the grounds from public view and a pair of large entrance gates stood on Streatham Hill behind which was a small lodge where the gatekeeper lived.  A long carriage drive led from Streatham Hill to the house and neighbouring stables.

The railway tunnel which passes under the grounds of Leigham court was constructed in the mid 1850s by Tredwell so that his estate would not be scarred with a large railway cutting passing through it.  Streatham Hill Station which was located near the Streatham Hill entrance to his property, was the first railway station to be built in Streatham.  It was opened by the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR) on 1st December 1856 as Streatham Station but changed its name to Streatham and Brixton Hill Station in 1868,  becoming Streatham Hill Station the following year.  The building remains much as it was when first erected and is one of the last stations of its type to survive in London.`  

John died in December 1875 leaving about £200,000. He married his first wife Elizabeth Skilliter 9th November 1824 in Langford, Beds.  Elizabeth died 1869 at Leigham Court.  His second wife Maria Cox he married 1870.  Maria was with the family before Elizabeth died. No children from either marriage. In his Will (held) John leaves bequests to numerous Skilliters, members of his first wife`s family and also to his plentiful nieces and nephews. He is buried West Norwood Cemetery 'Sacred to the Memory of John Tredwell of Leigham, Streatham Hill who died 13 December 1875 in the 71st year of his age'.  Also ' Elizabeth wife of John Tredwell died May 22 1869 aged 65. Return unto thy rest of my soul for the Lord hath dealt bountifully with thee - Psalm 116 v7'. 'The family vault of John Tredwell Leigham Court, Streatham.' John appointed his wife Maria, nephew by marriage Henry Worton Elliott and George Wythes of Reigate as executors.  All residue left to Maria 'as long as she remain my widow'!  It appears Maria remarried in 1890 to Joseph Flitcroft Fletcher.  I cannot find what happened to either of them after that date.

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Thomas

born 1807 in Burbage, Wilts. He married Anne Payne on 13 June 1837 at All Souls, Marylebone. They had six daughters and in 1851 Louisa and Alice are at school in Reading.  In 1861 Helen and Alice are pupils in Hove. In 1861 (census) Thomas was a Railway Contractor and lived at St John`s Lodge, Knights Hill, Norwood, Surrey with his wife Anne and daughter Emily plus a couple of visitors and a number of servants. He died 10 December 1861 in St. Leonards-On-Sea, Sussex leaving effects 'under £250,000', and in his Will dated 1849 and codicil 1861 only mentioning his wife Ann and eldest daughter Louisa, together with various Payne relations.  Brother William and George Wythes of Reigate were executors.  Thomas is also buried at West Norwood Cemetery.  Anne died in 1883 leaving £62,800.  Of the four surviving daughters Helen received nothing.  Many bequests to household servants and Payne relations.

Eliza (b. 1838 Surrey)

Louisa (b.1842 Redhill, Surrey) married Thomas Jackson (Contractor for Public Works) in 1862.  By 1871 they are living at Astley Hall, Astley, Worcestershire with three children, Thomas Tredwell Jackson age 6, and 5 year old twins Richard ad Alfred, also Louisa`s 2 nieces Ann Matilda and Alice Ruth Sargent.  Also about 10 servants. Thomas Tredwell Jackson attended Charterhouse School and then to Trinity College, Cambridge.  He was the donor of the Jackson Cup to the Charterhouse Cadet Corps. He died in Folkestone in 1903. The twins went to Clifton College, Bristol. On the  1891 census Richard now aged 25 is a tea planter in Ceylon. 

Alice Mary (b.1843 Stroud, Glos ) married Major General John Neptune Sargent,  July 1863.  They had 8 children. The eldest Anne married Edgar Ravenhill, an Army Captain and they had 3 children, Alice, Philip and Ethel.  Alice Ruth. Louisa Maud married in 1897. Thomas. Mary married 1901. Grace married 1903. Katherine and James

Clara (b.1845 Woodchester, Stroud - d. 1846 Reading,  Berks),.

Helen Ruth (b.1847  Reading) married Frederick Little, a builder, in 1878.   They had 3 children Helen, Arthur and Frederica. Helen married Herbert William Mascall Kenrick in 1905 and had a daughter Ruth Betty in 1906. Frederica married 1909.

Emily (b.1852 Surrey) married Henry Mathews a leather manufacturer 1877.  They had one daughter Mabel.

David b. 1812 and died 1844 Hadzor, Worcs.

Sophia (my gt.gt.grandmother) born in 1814 first married Thomas Bourne in 1833 in Hadzor and had 3 children. Thomas possibly brother to Joseph Bourne who married Sophia`s younger sister Mary - see below).

Elizabeth (b. 1833) Cannot find her in 1841 but  in 1851  is a visitor aged 17 with her cousin Helen Ruth Tredwell aged 3 at Knights Hill, Surrey. Elizabeth married Henry Worton Elliott a metal manufacturer in 1855 and had 4 children, 1. Elizabeth Helen (b. 1857 m. 1890 Percy John Beauchamp Payne). Elizabeth and Percy had one daughter Elizabeth Margaret who in 1918 married Henry Wilkes  - they had a daughter Faith.  2.  Henry John (b. 1859 m. 1883 Annette Elizabeth Mary Barnett). Henry and Annette had 7 children: Henry Ernest, Lorna Elizabeth, Edward Lawrence, Arthur Cedric (possibly lived in Queensland, Australia 1930/36), Richard Derrick, Philip and William. 3. Alice Maud (b. 1861 m. 1894 Francis McLure Payne) and Margaret Isabel (b. 1863 m. 1891 Charles Walters)4. Margaret and Charles had 3 sons, Charles, Edgar and Kenneth.  Henry  Snr acted as executor to the Wills of Elizabeth`s uncles John and Thomas.

Joseph (civil engineer) married (1) Henrietta Newman.  In 1851 Joseph is at school in Whalley, Lancs. Joseph and Henrietta had 5 children - Edith Anne,  Francis John married his cousin Kate Bourne in 1897, Francis was a student engineer in 1881, later enlisted in 1914 and served as a Captain. He was a Quartermaster in WW1. It is recorded that he retired from the Army on retirement pay, with a rank of Hon. Lt. Colonel.  He and Kate lived at Town  House, Brindle.  Eunice Sophia, Henrietta (both Edith and Henrietta died 1871), Joseph Guy. Wife Henrietta died 1873 age 34. Joseph married (2) Mary - one child William and lived for many years on the Isle of Wight. In 1881  Francis and Eunice are visiting elsewhere on the island. 

From Graces Guide


'1893 Obituary [1]

JOSEPH BOURNE was born on the 5th of August, 1836, and commenced his engineering career at the early age of fifteen as a pupil in the Locomotive Works of the Great Western Railway Company at Swindon.

After the expiration of his five years' apprenticeship he was occupied from 1854 to 1856 on the construction of the South Wales Railway, now part of the Great Western system.

He was then engaged for two years as an Outdoor Locomotive Superintendent on the Great Western Railway, the service of which Company he resigned in 1858 to accept the post of manager to Tredwell's Railway Works at Gloucester, since extinct. After remaining with that firm about three years, he was occupied from 1861 to 1864 as assistant manager at the Hednesford Colliery in Staffordshire.

In June, 1864, Mr. Bourne was appointed Resident Engineer, Locomotive Superintendent and General Manager of the Isle of Wight Railway, a line 12 miles in length from Ryde to Ventnor. The duties of that post, which he held for twenty-one years, map be said to have occupied the most important part of his life.

On leaving the service of the Isle of Wight Railway Company in the summer of 1885, Mr. Bourne took up his residence at Stafford, where he remained for about three years.

Between 1877 and 1883 he was lessee of the Britannia Works, Birkenhead, in which he carried on the business of the extinct firm of James Taylor and Co.

In the autumn of 1892 he left Birkenhead for Wylde Green in Warwickshire, where he died on the 2nd of July, 1893, in the fifty-seventh year of his age.

Mr. Bourne was a man of high honour and a marked sense of rectitude, and whatever work he undertook was conscientiously and carefully performed. He was elected an Associate of the Institution on the 6th of December, 1870, was subsequently placed in the class of Associate Member, and on the 6th of February, 1883, was transferred to the class of Member.`

The source for the above is The Institution of Civil Engineers.

Sarah died an infant.

In 1841 Sophia is in Reigate with her brothers Thomas and John, but her husband Thomas is at home with his son Joseph age 4 and Thomas`s brothers George and Joseph and his son in Droitwich.

Sophia then married Francis Pigg  in 1843.  Francis was 6 years younger than his wife and on their marriage certificate he is an Accounts Clerk.  Sophia and Francis had 3 more children.  In

 1851 Sophia, Francis (now Piggott and a farmer with 150 acres) and Eliza, John and Mary Sophia  are in Mill Hill, Hendon. In 1861 Francis, now a proprietor of a coal mine, is living in Cannock with Sophia and Eliza.  John is at school in Cheltenham and Mary Sophia at school in Claines, Worcs.

Eliza (my gt.grandmother)  (b. 1844 - d.1918) (Francis is a 'Gentleman' on birth certificate)

John (b. 1845 - d. 1919)

Mary Sophia (b. 1847

For information on this family please click the Francis Pigg link above.

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Mary born in Hadzor in 1817 married Joseph Bourne (contractor). They had 11 children and as can be seen from places of birth this family too moved around the country before settling in Crab Tree House, Brindle, Lancs. where Joseph became a Cotton manufacturer.  In the 1841 census Mary is in Woodland Place, Handsworth, Staffs with children Sarah and William and father Joseph is in Dodderhill, Droitwich with eldest son John. They are with Joseph`s brothers George, Thomas (Sophia`s first husband) etc. In 1851 they are in Boseley with Solomon 6, Elizabeth 4, Alfred 2 and Mary 11mths.  Mary died 1859 (funeral sermon held). In 1861 Joseph is in Brindle with his children and the same in 1871.  Joseph died in 1892. Mary Bourne died in Brindle in 1859 age 42. In 1881 Joseph is living in Crabtree House, Brindle and his occupation is retired master cotton spinner, son John age 44 is a cotton spinning master employing 320 people, also son Solomon age 37 and daughters Annie and Katie J. aged 28 and 23.  Mary gives us the only clue as to her father William`s origins in that on the family gravestone it reads  'fell asleep' on 27.4.1892 aged 78 (Joseph); also 'Beneath this tomb are deposited the remains of Mary Tredwell d. 17.10.1859 aged 42, the beloved wife of Joseph Bourne and second daughter of the late William Tredwell of Hanbury Worcs. Also their children ..... John d. 23.11.1886 aged 52; Francis John d. 10.7.1940 + Kate Josephine beloved wife of the above (Francis J) d. 9.2.1957 aged 99; Mary Sophia Bourne d. 20.7.1873 aged 23; Annie d. 8.8.1893 and Solomon Tredwell Bourne d. 16.11.1902.
Lovingly remembered Ethel Madeline Emery 23.4.1942 'At Rest'. (Ethel was a long serving and devoted servant to the Bourne family at Town House, Brindle.)' Copy of Funeral Sermon held. This family grave is in Brindle parish church of St James.  

Their children:

John (b. 1837 Odiham, Hants - d. 1886 Brindle) Cottonspinner, in 1841 with his father and uncles in Droitwich.  1851 he is at school in Whalley, Lancs with brother William and cousin Joseph. Unmarried.

Sarah (b.1839 Littleborough, Lancs) in 1841 with her mother in Handsworth. In 1861 she is at home in Brindle.  In 1863 she marries William Woods a brewer from Liverpool.  In 1871 they are living in Sefton Hall Cottages with children George Rothwell 6, Joseph Harold 4 and Mary Edith 2.  Sarah died in 1876 aged 37 (perhaps giving birth to Annie). In 1881 William is now in Litherland Park with children George, Mary and Annie (5).  In 1891 Annie (or Una?) is at school in Scarborough and William and the other children are still in Litherland Park. Son George is a cotton salesman and Joseph is a merchant`s clerk.  In 1901 it is just William and Una at the same address. George married Beatrice Mary Whitty in 1895 and they are living in Kirkby in 1901 and he is a Cotton Broker`s agent. I think there is a strong possibility that in 1905 they had a son George Rotherwell.  Joseph Harold married Margaret Esther Jones in 1893 and in 1901 they are living in Moor St. Ormskirk with sons William and Albert. Joseph is a General Merchant`s bookkeeper.

William Tredwell (b.1840 Adlington, Lancs) married Catherine Wood 1864 St Lukes, Cannock.  In 1871 he and Catherine are living at Town House, Brindle Lancs. and Williams is a Landowner and Master Cotton Spinner.  Their children William Percy 4, Mabel Catherine 3, and Harry 1 are with them.  In 1881 at the same address with Mabel and Harry. William Percy is at school in N. Meols, Lancs. In 1891 no trace but in 1901 William, Catherine and Mabel Catherine are in West Cliff, Blackpool. William Percy was a solicitor and in Southam, Warks.  1891 and 1901.  He married Ethel May Johnson in 1894 in Southam.  There is a birth for a William Percy Bourne in 1909 in Southam.  Harry married Mary ? Mary died 1916 in Preston aged 48.

Thomas (b.1843 Handsworth),

Solomon (b. 1844 Oundle, Northants d. 1902 Brindle) - whereabouts unknown in 1861.  In 1871 he is living at Crab Tree House and is a farmer. 1881, 1891 and 1901 still at the same address.

Elizabeth (b.1847 St. Nicholas, Droitwich) married William Butterworth in 1874.  Living at Crab Tree House except in 1871 when she is a visitor with the Butterworth family in Saddleworth, Yorkshire.  The Butterworths were calico printers.  In 1881 and 1891 William and Elizabeth are living in Barton Upon Irwell, Lancs. By 1901 Elizabeth is a widow and back living at Crab Tree House with her brother Solomon and sister Kate.

Alfred Tredwell (b. 1849 Boseley, Cheshire d. 1939 in Formby, Lancs.) married 1879 to Jane Annetta Dalton.  Alfred and Jane are living at Rosefield House, Brindle in 1881 and Alfred is a Cotton Mill Clerk. They have twin sons Alfred Douglas Bourne and Joseph Dalton Bourne aged 6. In 1891 at the same address and now also with 2 more sons Arthur Tertius and Cyril d'Alton aged 9 and 6. Alfred is now a manager.  In 1901 Alfred, Jane and Alfred Douglas are now living at no. 10 North Cliff St. Preston and Alfred snr. is a Cotton Spinner and manufacturer.  No particular knowledge about any of the children except for burials for Alfred`s wife Jane Annetta in 1939 aged 87 who was living at 30 Arundel Road,Lytham, Nr Blackpool. Also Arther Tertius burial 1967 aged 86 - he had been living at 22 Lincoln Ave, Cleveleys, Nr Blackpool.

Mary Sophia (b.1850 Macclesfield - d. 1873 Brindle)

Annie (b. 1853 Brindle d. 1893 Brindle)

Alice (b. 1855 d. 1878)

Kate Josephine (b. 1858 Brindle  d. 1957) married a cousin Francis John Bourne in 1897.

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William

was born in Hadzor in 1819. Contractor for Public Works. He married Martha Greatorex of Handsworth in 1844. Brothers John and Solomon were witnesses, along with Joseph Bourne and Catharine Greatorex. William  died 1871 Handsworth Staffs., leaving about £200,000. (Will held) Nephew by marriage Henry Worton Elliott and son William Francis were executors.and they had seven children.  In 1851 they are living  in Lady Pool Lane,  King`s Norton, with five children, William, Solomon, Kate, Thomas and David. In 1861 William and Martha and Kate are in Handsworth and in 1871 just William and Martha now at the Oaklands, Handsworth. William died a few months later and Martha in 1880.

William Francis (b. 1844 Guildford) - 1861 unknown, 1871 he is with his brother Charles in Hednesford, Cannock.  In 1881 he is in Hill House, Lichfield, Stafford and the same in 1891.  He is unmarried and died in 1895.

Solomon (b.1846 Barrow in Furness, Lancs. married to Elizabeth Gittins of Bristol in 1876). According to his father`s Will, Solomon was in Antrim, Ireland in 1871 (with his cousin also Solomon, son of Francis and Esther).  In 1881 Solomon and Elizabeth are living in 10 Belgrave Terrace, Tormoham, Devon.  At the end of this year 1881, on the 30th December Solomon made his Will and makes provision for his wife Elizabeth 'In Trust to pay out of the income thereof to my wife Elziabeth Tredwell for her life the sum of two hundred pounds per annum (free of income tax by four equal quarterly payments in accordance with and satisfaction of my covenant contained in the deed of separation between her and myself).   He then goes on to make very substantial provision for his 'late servant Jane Lawrence and her daughter Lottie May'.  Lottie May was born on the 10th October 1881 at no. 9 Bedford Street, Gloucester and Solomon declared that she should be well cared for 'clothed, educated and brought up'.  On Lottie May`s birth certificate her father is stated as Solomon Lawrence. Solomon died 1888 in Bath. By 1891 Jane Lawrence has married James Hunt, a mariner, and they are living in Easton-in-Gordano, North Somerset.  There are 2 further children, Ella 6, and Leslie 1.  In 1901 the family are living in Slade Road, Portishead with additional children Phyllis 9, Vivien 7, Clifford 5, Doris 2 and Victoria 1.  Also with them is Jane`s widowed mother, Jane Lawrence.  Lottie is described as a student at boarding school.  Lottie married in 1903.

Kate (b. 1847 Droitwich) married 1866 William Henry Dawes, Iron Trader.  They live at the Red House, School Lane, King`s Norton.  4 children :

William Henry (b. 1868 King`s Norton) - 1881 a boarder at Greenhill School, School Road, King`s Norton. 1891 he is a boarder in Workington, Cumberland and is an Iron Merchant, Shipbroker.

Herbert Reginald (b. 1869 King`s Norton) - 1881 a boarder at Greenhill School, School Road, King`s Norton. Married 1904.

Edith Beatrice (b. 1872 King`s Norton) -  at home with parents up until 1901.

Charles Reginald (b.1880 King`s Norton), at home with parents in 1901.

Thomas (b.1848 Droitwich ) 1851 at home in King`s Norton, 1861 at school Bewdley Rd, Day School, Kidderminster.

John (b. 1849)

David (b. 1850 Droitwich d. 1852 Stourbridge).

Charles Alexander ( b.1852 Stourbridge - marriage 1874 Marylebone). 1861 at school in Kidderminster. 1871 with older brother William Francis in Hednesford, Cannock.

William was the contractor for Fort Nelson, Portsdown, Fareham, Hants March 1861, completed 1870.

Brunels Swivel Bridge, Cumberland Basin
1864. William was the successful tenderer for a series of measures designed by Thomas Howard, the Docks Engineer, including replacements for the North and Junction locks. However due to financial constraints the start was delayed on the New North lock until 1868.

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Solomon  1821 - 1859

   Thumbnail - click for larger picture.

Born 1821 Hadzor - married Alice Pickering 1846 in York. In 1851 they are living in Highfield, Leek, Staffs. with daughter Alice M (2) and Solomon`s mother-in-law Martha Pickering and other family members. Their son Mark John was born 1857.

Alice Martha Elizabeth (b. 1849) married John Wilson Gray a barrister 1865. On the marriage certificate she is of full age but in fact was probably only 20.  The marriage was by Banns. No Tredwells as witnesses. They had a daughter Alice Anna (b. 1868 (in fact there was another Alice Anna M born and died March quarter 1867)) and son Solomon John Tredwell (b. 1869).  In 1871 they are living in Park Lane Road, Endon, Staffs. John Wilson Gray died in 1872 and Alice remarried in 1873 to George Boydell Houghton also a barrister, and they produced 2 further children Alice (b. 1876) and Isabel (b.1877).  In 1881 Alice, Boydell and the 3 daughters are living at 34 Linden Gardens, Kensington, and Solomon J T was a scholar with the Bowers family in Gloucester Park, St Pancras in London.  In 1891 they (minus Solomon) are staying in the Bungalow, Shepperton, Middlesex, and in 1901 they are all back at Linden Gardens.  .   Solomon John Tredwell Gray (later Houghton Gray) attended Charterhouse and Trinity Cambridge and became a barrister. He served in the S.African war with Nesbitt`s Horse 1900-02.  He married Maude Liefeldt in 1908.  Isabel Tredwell Boydell Houghton married Hugh Lawrence Fletcher-Moulton in 1902.  According to Wikipedia at the 1923 general election he was elected as Member of Parliament  for the Liberals for Salisbury constituency in Wiltshire was defeated at the 1924 election.  He did not stand for Parliament again.  He died in 1962.

Mark John (b.1857) (see MARK JOHN TREDWELL)

 Solomon was also a Contractor for Public Works and spent time abroad. He was born in Hadzor, Worcs and on the 1841 census is to be found living in Reigate along with many other railway workers. He lived in Leek, Staffs. (1851 census). He worked with Isambard Kingdom Brunel on the Great Eastern in 1857/8. See picture link to the National Portrait Gallery - Solomon is the one on the right of the picture next to Brunel. Solomon then travelled to India to work on the Bhore Ghat, taking over from William Frederick Faviell. The sheer logistics of travel from Bombay to Poona over the Syhadree Range were daunting and earlier attempts at the construction of a road had been abandoned. The Bhore Ghat was chosen as the only possible route for a railway by J J Berkley, Chief engineer to the Great Indian Peninsular Railway. Even then a few years were lost due to opposition to the plan but Faviell was chosen to commence the task in 1856. When he gave up in 1859 Solomon travelled out to take over but died in Khandalla, Bombay in 1859, 15 days after his arrival. His wife Alice took over the contract but it is interesting to speculate how much time she spent out there as presumably she attended at Bosley Church for his Funeral Sermon on January 15th 1860.  She is definitely back in 1861 as she is to be found with Alice and Mark John in Golders Green, Hendon, together with her Mother. Alice kept the two joint managers George Clowser and Swanston Adamson plus the workforce of 25,000 which after 2 seasons rose to 42,000 in 1861.  25 tunnels had to be built and 8 viaducts.  This work took just over seven years to complete. Full details of the project can be found with the Institute of Mechanical Engineers in London. Alice returned to live at the Elms, Hendon and died in Ryde, in the Isle of Wight not long after in 1867.  She is buried at Edgbaston Old Church, Birmingham.

Photo of Alice Tredwell  and information above from the Institution of Mechanical Engineers

This photo has come to me from the descendant of John Tredwell and Maria Pittaway which again proves there has to be a connection between our two Tredwell families but it is intriguing to know how this photo came to be with this descendant by way of Miss Boydell Houghton.

On the reverse of the photo are the words: 'This model 2-2-2 passenger loco was built by Clarke`s Strand, London about 1840.  It resembles the 'Worth Star' built for the Great Western Ry by Stephensons in 1837 and is approximately a 1/5 scale model of this engine.  It was acquired by Victor Emmanuel II King of Sardinia (afterward Victor Emmanuel I King of United Italy) on one of his visits to London and was later given by him to Mr S Tredwell about 1858 on the completion of a railway contract in Italy.  In 1920 this engine was given to the Science Museum by Miss Boydell Houghton granddaughter of Solomon Tredwell.'

Solomon left about £70,000 in 1859. A memorial service was held for him in Bosley Church near his home Highfield, Leek on 15 January 1860 and a funeral sermon was preached by the Rev. William Sutcliffe M.D. incumbent of Bosley, Cheshire. Rev. Sutcliffe states in his sermon that Solomon had been a candidate of his at Gainsworth Church for the rite of confirmation in the year 1856. He had however been baptised in infancy but had omitted, at the usual age - the promises and vows - of confirmation. Solomon was confirmed at the age of 34. The news of Solomon`s death had caused a general feeling of regret throughout the town as he had taken up residence at Highfield since the construction of the Churnet Valley Railway and was held in very high esteem by all classes. A version of his character was given by the Staffordshire Advertiser, January 7th 1860 "He was a generous supporter of the institutions and charities of the town, liberal and unostentatious in his relief of the poor ... being the architect of his own fortune and an example of what may be won by energy and self reliance". Copy of Funeral Sermon held. Solomon`s Will was made a few days before his departure for India. He provides for his 2 children (unnamed!).

Alice`s Will, made 15th April 1867 while living at the Elms, Hendon (she died 14th June 1867) made provision for her mother, children and various household servants. It appears from this Will that there was some problem with the Gray family (her son-in-law - maybe something to do with a marriage settlement) and concerned land. Legal action was being taken in the suit of Tredwell v. Gray. Alice appointed her brother Joseph to care for son Mark John if anything happened to the Rev. Perkins. William Tredwell was an executor. Alice`s effects were under £7,000 in 1867.

The Tredwell family came from humble origins and developed to become important ironmasters and eventually railway contractors, particularly in the Black Country. At this time the expansion of the railway systems in England was at a high rate and easy fortunes were to be made by those who possessed the energy and the know how. The young brothers had those characteristics at a time when labour was cheap and the poverty was driving the workers to find work and wages anywhere.

The various Tredwell Wills mentioned have proved very informative as to offspring and relationships.

Hugh Conway-Jones furnished me with the following resume of Tredwell involvement in various projects.

'F & T Tredwell worked on Lancs & Yorks Railway (1840)

Francis & Thos Tredwell worked on Chelt & GW Union Railway (1845)

W & S Tredwell worked on North Staffs Railway (1849)

Messrs Tredwell of Droitwich had the contract for woodwork for Over railway bridge 1849

Tredwell & Co rented yard by G&S canal 1851

Thomas & William Tredwell leased yard by G&S Canal from Lysons Trustees 1854

Thos Tredwell partnered Thomas Brassey on GWR line to Brentford 1852

Tredwells worked on Frome to Yeovil Railway (WSW-GWR) 1856

Tredwell involved with launching Great Eastern 1860

Launching the Great Eastern. The Great Eastern will be launched down two inclined planes, each about 250 ft long by 80 ft wide and nearly 140 ft apart, falling at an inclination of 1in 14. The contractor Messrs Tredwell of London and Gloucester have undertaken the excavation, piling and other works necessary for the foundations of the launching ways. Eassie of Gloucester has a very clever and ingenious patent pile driver, capable of driving 20 piles a day, which is in use preparing for the launch. c1857

Sale of equipment of Tredwell’s Railway Works following deaths of two of the partners 12 July 1862

Tredwell’s Premises to Let. To Railway Contractors, Timber Merchants, Engineers and Others. To be let the whole of the premises and machinery, now in the occupation of Tredwell & Co, occupying about seven acres between the canal and the Bristol Road, on which are erected saw mills, timber preserving tanks, workshops and machinery adapted for any kind of mechanical engineering. Apply to Mr David Hicks who resides on the premises or to Mr L Godsell, Winstone Farm, near Cirencester 15 Aug 1863 5 Dec 1863 '

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