Bowles DNA Project
William Bowles of Carlow town
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William seems to have been the only one of the Bowles of Ballickmoyler, Queen's county line to have remained in Ireland when all the rest moved away, most of them emigrating to Canada. Perhaps he stayed because he was the only Catholic in this otherwise Protestant family. His life did not go well and he ended up in the Carlow Workhouse, where many seniors had to go if they weren't taken in by family members, where he died at age 86 in 1886. He had three sons Richard, James and William Jr. Richard had only daughters and there is no known record of James or William Jr. having any children and so the Bowles line in Queen's county and Carlow may have ended.
For William's family see William Bowles of Carlow's Family Tree
It's not documented where William fits into the Bowles of Ballickmoyler family tree but for his father we would look for a Catholic Bowles born about 20 to 30 years before William's birth in 1800. All the Bowles at that time were Protestants except for one line. There is a record of a Robert Bowles being first baptized at St. Mary's Carlow (Church of Ireland) on June 20, 1774 and then again at the Carlow Roman Catholic Cathedral on June 25, 1774 to parents William Bowles and Sarah Moore in both cases. William was from a Protestant family so it's assumed that Sarah was Catholic. Their son Robert would be of an appropriate age, have a connection to the Catholic church and would be likely to name a son William after his own father. He would be the most likely candidate for being our William's father. Also Robert was a shoemaker and, although William wasn't, his sons Richard and William were also shoemakers. See The Bowles of Ballickmoyler's Family Tree. Robert is at 1.7.1 in the tree.
William owned four lots on Dublin Road including Lot 81 when the Griffiths Valuation was taken in 1851. From William's statement recorded by Griffith's assessors in their Valuation House Book of 1841 we know that he leased his first lot with a building on it in 1816, built his house and some coal houses there in 1829 and 'got a new lease of all 75 and 76'. The valuators described his property as "rather substantial buildings but very much crowded and the yard steep, falling much away from the front at street level - retains all the offices at the rear as coal stores & coal houses etc. - no garden". See The Valuation Office Books re: William Bowles Property in Carlow town
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We also have several of his signed Affidavit of Oaths from when he registered to vote in Carlow elections. On April 4, 1835 he stated his address as Dublin Road and his occupation as Huxter. Huxter implies a peddler or shop keeper of small goods. ref. Apparently his trade grew though as the voter's registration forms signed by William in 1842 and 1849 give his occupation as Dealer and still a resident of Dublin Road.
He probably peddled coal primarily as we know from the Griffith's Survey's valuator house books that William had a small coal yard at his house.
When his first child was baptized in 1837, the
church register lists William Bowles and Anne Byrne as living on
Bernard's Lane which crosses Dublin Road by William's lot 81.
Other References for William Bowles:
William married Anne Byrne in about 1836 and they baptized their first child, Anne, at the Carlow Cathedral (RC) on July 8, 1837 followed by Richard in 1838, James in 1841 and William Jr. in 1844. See William Bowles of Carlow's Family Tree. The only indication I can find that William Jr. survived to adulthood in Carlow is a Carlow Petty Session hearing in 1873 which refers to a William Bowles, bootmaker in Carlow. That could have been William Jr or the reference could be for William Sr but he would have been 73 then, a bit too old to have been the bootmaker who cuffed the drunk who came into his shop and created a disturbance. Richard also left little trace in Carlow. In 1863 he married Mary Donnelly and had three daughters. Two died unmarried and the third married William Ellis and raised a large family with descendants in Carlow today. He followed the family trade as a shoemaker and raised his family on Dublin Road, probably in his father's house. Richard died in 1869 at age 31 seemingly bringing an end to the Bowles line in Carlow. Although as mentioned above, William Jr could have taken over the shoe shop on Dublin Road after Richard's death. The youngest brother, James, registered Richard's death with civic authorities and would have been 28 at the time but I have not been able to learn any more about him. William Sr. died in the Carlow Workhouse in 1886. His passing marked the last Bowles in Carlow although Richard's widow, Mary Donnelly, is listed in the 1901 Carlow Census as Mary Bowles and is living with her daughter Mary Ellis and family.
Richard Bowles of Carlow and the DonnellysRichard Bowles married Mary Donnelly in 1863. Her father is John on their marriage registration and we can see from the following that her mother was Margaret. The Carlow Old Graves Cemetery includes one stone marked: John Donnelly 13th August 1849 aged 39 years Patrick Donnelly 11th July 1871 aged 36 Harriet Bowles 11th October 1886 aged 22 Margaret Donnelly 6th January 1889 aged 84 years Mary Bowles 15 Nov 1906 aged 68 years This is John Donnelly with son Patrick and daughter Mary (Richard Bowles' wife) and Mary's daughter Harriet. Margaret would likely be John's wife but could also be his sister. We know that Richard Bowles was a shoemaker. There was a John Donnelly, shoemaker, who married an Elizabeth Costigan at Ballinakill RC Church, Queen's county in 1826 and then ran a shoemaker shop in Carlow from about 1830 to 1848 . Joseph Bowles sold his shoe shop in Carlow in 1831. While there may have been several shoe shops in Carlow probably not too many changed hands so close to that time. Perhaps Joseph Bowles sold his shop to Donnelly. They were both shoemakers from fairly close together in Queen's county so they probably did know each other. Another indication of a connection is John Donnelly wife Elizabeth Costigan. A Costigan line in New York trace their ancestry through Canada and back to a John Costigan married to an Eliza Bowles, both born in Ireland. Both Costigan and Bowles appear elsewhere in Ireland but neither are common surnames so paired together it would be quite likely they are from this Queen's county/Carlow line. This is a lot of conjecture in this and it is far from proven, further research is ongoing.
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