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Protestation Returns 1641/42


The following information was transcribed by Stu R. My thanks goes out to Stu for providing this information. The first part concerns what brought about the protestation returns. The second part is a transcription of what the individual signed, either with a mark, " + " or an actual signature. Last is a list of those who signed this form.

The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

The Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:


"I,[name] do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation".

St. Stephen In Brannel parish was in the Hundred of Powder


John Alexander +
Richard Allin +
Thomas Allin +
John Andrew +
John Andrew +

Henrey Baraguanoe +
John Beawberry +
Drew Benallack +
John Bennett +
John Bennett +
Nicho Berriman +
Roger Berriman +
Henry Bestrazoe +
William Blake +
Thomas Boger
Alexander Bone
Andrew Bone +
Anthony Bone +
John Bone
Robert Bone + (or Bond)
Robert Bone +
William Bone +
Zachary Bone +
Rich Bray +
Will Bray +
William Bray +
Nic Browne +
Henry Brush +
William Brush +
James Burges +
James Bullen +
Richard Bullin +
Robert Bullen +

Leawes Champion +
Anthony Cocke +
Edward Cocke +
John Comin: sen +
Anthony Commin +
Bernard Commin +
Humphry Commin +
John Commin +
Michaell Commin +
John Corne
John Co(r?)ne
John Cowling
William Cowling +
Tho Cowlinge +
Henry Croll +
John Croll jun +
John Croll sen
Tho Croll +

Rich Davie +
John Devonshire +
John Devonshire +
Henry Dinnis +
Edward Dodge +
William Downy +

Tho. Eastlake +
Ric Edwards jun
Alex. Ellis +
Hugh Ellis +
John Francis +
William Friza +

Robert Hancock
William Hancocke +
Rich Harris +
John Harry +
John Heale +
William Hendy +
Tho Heyward +
Hum. Hickes +
John Hickes +
Tho Hoblyn
Henry Hooper +

John Isbel +

John James +
Pascow James +
Peter James +
Roger James +
Thomas James +
Anthony Jane +
Richard Jane +
Anthony Jenkin
John Jinkin +
Tho Jinking +
Robert Jose +

Hugh Kelly +
Antho. Kneebone +

John Lawrence +
John Lewarne +
Thomas Littell +
John Littlejohn +
Richard Lovey +
Fran Luly +
John Luke +

Hierom Marting
Hen Martyn +
John Martyn +
John Martyn +
Nicholas Martyn +
Henry Mason +
Tho Mas.. + (?Mason)
John Michaell +
Hughe Maunder +
John Maye

Fra. Nankevell +
Thomas Nankevell +
Anthony Nankevill +
Hugh Nankevill +
James Nankevill +
John Nankevell
John Nicholas +
Tho Nowell +
Robert Nute
John Nuten
Walter Nuten

John 011iver +
Edward Osburne +
\ Roger Osburne +
Thomas Osburne +
\
Henry Panson + (or Parson)
John Parson +
Lewis Panson + (or Parson)
Alexander Pascowe +
Rich Pearce +
Isaac Peares +
John Perkin +
Rich Perkin +
Edmond Pill +
John Pill +
John Pinnow +
James Pinnowe +
Laurence Plint +
Isaacke Pokinhorne +
Anthonye Pye
Bennet Pye +
Henry Pye
Jerome Pye +
John Pye +
Otwell Pye +
Nathaniell Pye
Thomas Pye

Antho Reinold +
Michaell Reinold +
Rich Reinold +
Robert Reynold +
John Rickard +
Arther Roberts +
Anthony Rose

Henrye Shorling +
John Simon +
Robert Skinner +
Alexander Smith +
Fra Smith
Francis Smith +
Henry Starke +
Thomas Starke +
William Starke +
Stephen Stephens +
Anthony Sticke +
Thomas Sticke +
William Sticke
Andrew Strong +
John Stuke +
John Surton
Anthony Symons +
Symon Symons +

John Tanner
Leon Teage +
Alex Thomas +
Jinkin Thomas +
Robert Thomas +
Roger Thomas +
Stephen Thomas +
Mychaell Thorne
Bernard Threthewye +
Robert Toogood
Anthony Tooker +
Edw Tooker +
Joell Tooker +
Thomas Tooker +
Thomas Tooker +
John Tregenza +
Thomas Tregenza +
John Tregigow
Hen Treigigiow +
Robert Tregigiowe +
Bartho Trethewie +
Nicho Trethewie +
Hewe Trethewy +
Hugh Trethewy +
John Trethewy +
Nicholas Trethewy +
Tho Trethewy
Robert Trethewye
Barnard Treveaill
Thom. Trudgian +
Alexander Truscot +
Anthony Truscot +
George Truscot +
Anthony Turner
George Turner +
John Turner +
Rich. Turner +

Charles Vanson +
Hugh Vanson +
Hugh Vanson +
John Vanson +
Pascow Vanson +
Richard Vanson +
Robert Vanson +
John Varco
Thomas Varcoe +
James Varcowe +
John Vivian +

Tho. Wallish +
George Watts +
Hen. Warde +
Robert Warde
Sampson Warde
Steven Webb +
Anthony Webber +
John Webber +
Robart Webber +
John Werne +
Bernard Werren +
Edw Whetter +
John Whetter +
William Whetter +
Tho. White +
Edward Williams sen
Edward Williams +
John Williams +
Philemon Williams +
Rich Williams +
Hugh Withiell +
Michaell Woone +
Robert Woulcock +

Will Yellan +
Henry Yelland +
John Yelland +


William Arundell Recusant came not upon warning given at his house to take this protestation.

Minister

Robert Dunkin
Constables

Edward Williams

Anthony Jenkin

John Harrie

Churchwardens

Richard Edwards

John Bone

Overseers

Henry Warde +

John James +


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