Includes Notes for:
Anny Hendricks - Rosanna Mauck - Permelia Pierce - George Trout - Jacob Trout Jr. - Jacob Trout Sr. - John Trout - Joseph Trout - Casper Sain - Elizabeth Sain
Transcribed in part, from the evidence that was collected by Dr. Betty Morris; for the purpose of obtaining her proof of kinship to Jacob Trout Sr., as an applicant for membership of DAR (The Daughters of the American Revolution).
Provided to this researcher by Francis McElroy.
NOTE: Within the Trout family group, there are two Jacob Trout's.
1) Jacob Trout - Revolutionary War soldier, and son of George Trout
2) Jacob Trout - son of the Revolutionary War soldier, and Grandson of George Trout
To help simplify, these two individuals will be known as Jacob Trout Sr., and Jacob Trout Jr.,
An examination of extant tax lists and land records in North Carolina, indicate that Jacob Trout Sr. (born 1749), lived in the area of Rowan County, that later became Davie County. Rowan County lay within the Granville Proprietary; a strip of land about sixty miles in depth, covering roughly the upper half of North Carolina.
Rowan County was formed from Anson County, in 1753. The earliest extant tax list for Rowan County, is 1759. There are numerous tax lists extant for Rowan County for the 1760's; however, it is impossible to suggest how complete they are.
In the 1761 Tax List of Caleb Osborn, covering the area known as 'Forks of the Yadkin' (which is Davie County today) is a George Trute; who arrived on the Albany (ship) on September 2, 1749, coming from the Palatinate.
Definition of Palatinate: a historical region now part of Germany: in two parts: Lower Palatinate or Rhine Palatinate (on the Rhine east of Saarland) and the Upper Palatinate (in E Bavaria on the Danube).
The only Trout on the 1776 Rowan Tax List, is George Trout; Captain Lyon's District, which is the Davie County area, taxed 330 (a smallish amount). Although it was difficult for persons to acquire vacant land in the period 1763-1778 within the Granville Proprietary, adults without property were listed as 'polls'. This is the only individual who could be Jacob Trout Sr.'s father.
At a Rowan (August) Court in 1832, Jacob Trout Sr., aged about 83, made his declaration for a Revolutionary War pension, citing service as a Private in 1781, under Captain Douglas Haden, and Colonel William Lofton's - North Carolina Regiment.
The pension was granted.
Transcribed in part, from the North Carolina USGenWeb Archives
Military - Pension Roll, 1835
North Carolina Pension Roll of 1835
Report from the secretary of war in relation to the pension establishment of the United States 1835.
Originally published as United States government documents - 249, 250, 251, and Senate document 514.
Location: Rowan County
Service: North Carolina Continental Line
$20.00 Annual Allowance
$50.00 Amount Received
Pension Started: April 3, 1833
Follow the link below, to see entire pension list.
The application states further; that prior to his service, Jacob Trout Sr. was "drafted as a soldier, and his parents being old and infirm, " hired a substitute for a term of twelve months. This comment places Jacob Trout Sr. with his parents, in Rowan County, c1780.
Most of the German settlers in the Rowan area, i.e., members of the Heidelburg Lutheran Church and others from the Palatinate (as in many other areas), did not have military service during the Revolution, in the Continental Line, nor in the organized Militia. Most of them were fairly new to the area, did not speak the language (using a 'signature mark' to sign documents - Jacob Trout Sr.'s mark was a '+'), were small landholders whose primary aim was to get their fields cleared, houses built, and crops planted. For the first generation of Germans/Palatinates in the area, there was isolation. As a consequence of their unfamiliarity with the English language, they did not hold positions in the local government. They founded their churches, plowed their fields, and did their black-smithing and organ making, and were excellent settlers. They did not intermarry with their English and Scotch-Irish neighbors in the first couple of generations. The fact that Jacob Trout Sr. served in the Revolution was unusual, rather than the norm.
On July 14, 1837 in Gibson County, Tennessee, Jacob Trout Sr. asked for a transfer of his pension to that place. He said he was "very old and infirm, and that nearly all of his surviving children had moved to Tennessee, especially his son Joseph, with whom he was living". An abstract of the 1840 Census of Gibson County shows Jacob Trout Sr., aged 105, living with Joseph Trout.
The following is offered as background evidence of Jacob Trout Sr., and his children:
The 1787 Rowan County Census for Pearson's Company, shows Jacob Trout Sr. - with one white male, one white female, and one black 21-60. There are very little extent records of the North Carolina State Census for Rowan County. George Trout would have been over the taxable age, and would not have been enumerated.
Definition of Enumerated: to be counted. In terms of a Census, this term would be used as - those of taxable age.
NOTE: It has been found, and is stated on other documents that, " . . . wives are assumed to have inherited slaves from the estate of their father(s), the Trout's - not having been known to have held slaves." This researcher feels proud to have found this statement among 'official' documents. Not only does this substantiate the 'pictorial' evidence of our Family's Native American heritage (through intermarriage of white and Indian), but also shows an anti-racial 'moral' history. Even when 'blacks' or 'slaves' were listed as being in a Trout household during one Census record (coinciding with the death of a parent-in-law), by the next Census, they no longer appear. To me, this means that although 'inherited', these 'blacks' or 'slaves' were freed from their bond of 'service' upon their addition to a Trout household, and allowed to move on. "Atta'boy, Grandpa!"
The only Trout listed as head of household in Rowan County in the 1790 Census, was Jacob Trout Sr., page 171, with - one white male over 16, and five white females.
NOTE: Persons, who were living in the households of others, are hidden statistics in the Census, prior to 1850, i.e. their name. Only the 'head of household' is listed by name.
A copy of the original undated Rowan County marriage bond for Jacob Trout Sr. (signed '+') shows that his wife was Elizabeth Zien. Published records of this marriage, show the last name of Elizabeth as Lien, but on the marriage bond, it clearly reads, Zien; a German name that came to be known in the Davie County area as, Sain. She was the daughter of Casper Sain and Rosanna Mauck. All were members of the Heidelburg Lutheran Church, in Rowan.
See: Notes on Elizabeth Sain, for more information.
In the 1800 Rowan County Census, the only Trout listed as head of household, is Jacob Trout Sr., page 454, with - two white males under 10, one white male 26-45, two white females under 20, and one white female 26-45.
The 1802 Rowan County Tax List, (Capt. Jiam's Company - alphabetical for first letter of surname) lists Jacob Trout Sr., with - two white polls, one white male over 16 in his household, and 252 acres of land.
The 1810 Census, the least complete of the early Rowan census, shows no Trout in rowan.
The 1820 Census of Rowan shows, page 372, Jacob Trout Sr. with - one white male 10-16, one white male 16-18, and one white male 45+. In addition, and on this same Census, John Trout is shown, page 400, with - one white male under 10, one white male 16-26, one white female 16-26.
NOTE: The last would have to be John Trout and Permelia Pierce, who were married on February 23, 1819.
The 1830 Census of Rowan lists Joseph Trout, the son with whom the Revolutionary War soldier made his home in Gibson County, Tennessee. Joseph Trout is shown, page 425, with - one white male under 5, two white males 20-30, one white male 80-90, two white females under 5, one white female 20-30, no slaves. ß "Again, way to go Grandpa!) Joseph Trout and his wife are in the 20-30 age group with - three children under five, and an older man 80-90, obviously Jacob Trout Sr., the Revolutionary War veteran. Joseph Trout is known to have married Anny Hendricks.
NOTE: Census records provide the information that Jacob Trout Sr.'s wife, Elizabeth, died sometime between 1820 and 1830. She is listed on the 1820 census, and does not appear in 1830.
The information thus far, sets the stage for the next major phase - - the migration of at least four of the children of Jacob Trout Sr., to Tennessee. Three of the sons, and at least one daughter, are known to have moved, along with other Rowan families, to that state. Three Trout sons - - John, Jacob Jr., and Joseph, are shown in the 1840 and 1850 Census records of Tennessee - - Joseph and John in Gibson County, Jacob Jr. in Sumnar County. The veteran, Jacob Trout Sr., is shown in 1840, to be living in the home of his son, Joseph. He is not listed in 1850, indicating his death had occurred sometime in that decade (between 1840 and 1850).
See Also: Notes on George Trout/Trute
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