EARLY HADLEY NOTES
by Chalmers Hadley, Supplimental to
and corrective to his "Quaker Family of Hadley".
Aug. 1939, copied by Edmund Robinson
and corrective to his "Quaker Family of Hadley".
Aug. 1939, copied by Edmund Robinson
Since the fore-going statements were written data have been discovered which makes certain changes desirable.
The supposition that the founder of the family in Ireland was of the County Somerset, England, branch came partly from the arms of the Hadleys in Ireland - gules, three round buckles argent--which were described by Sir Richard Carney, Ulster King of Arms from 1683 to 169? as Hadley arms of County Somerset and Ireland.
The second reason for beleiving our branch of the family was from the County Somerset family was based on the assertion of Miss Rose Rountree of Norfolk, Virginia, a member of the family and an experienced genealogist. Miss Rountree stated that Simon Hadley the 1st went to Ireland from County Somerset as an officer in the English Army during the reign of William & Mary. This Simon the 1st was the father of Simon Hadley the 2nd who came to Pennsylvania in the year 1712.
It has become known that the County Somerset--Ireland Hadley arms as described above--were granted in Ireland to hadley in the latter part of the 15th century. It seems certain that Simon Hadley the 1st was an Englishman, born in the year 1640. That he went to Ireland probably between the years 1665 and 1680.
English families which went to Ireland prior to the Protestant Reformation remained Roman Catholic in Ireland which was praticaly untouched by the reformation. Irish Catholics who became Quakers in the 17th century were so few as to be negligible. Residents of Ireland in the 17th century who became Quakers were not only non-Catholic, but they were usualy dissenters--Presbyterians, Congregationalists etc., and they were pratically limited to the arrivals from England and Scotland in the middle and later decades of the 17th century.
The fact that Simon Hadley the 1st. joined the Society of Friends in Ireland is quite conclusive that he was not of the Catholic Hadleys granted arms in Ireland in the 15th. century.
Miss Rountree's assertion that Simon Hadley the 1st. went from County Somerset as an officer in the English Army can not be proven. I recently wrote the librarian of the War College in London who replied that no Simon Hadley was listed in the army records among those who went from England to Ireland.
This proves beyond reasonable doubt that Simon Hadley the 1st went to Ireland not as an officer or a soldier but as one of the f????? numerous Englishmen who purchased lands in Ireland after the Cromwell???? invasion.
After his defeat of the Irish armies, Cromwell evicted the native Irish from two sections of Ireland, Ulster in the North, and middle Ireland to the west and southwest of Dublin, the latter being the best agricultural and stock-raising lands in the country.
Cromwell settled Ulster with Hessian officers and men who had served in his army. In the counties west and southwest of Dublin- Counties Kings, Queens, Meath & West Meath,-- Cromwell settled his English officers and men and placed lands in these counties on sale in England for English purcharers.
We know definitely that Simon Hadley the 1st was in Ireland soon afterwards, for near the year 1680 we find his petitioning Parliament for protection to some property. This petition was found in the year 1910 in the Dublin Record Office by Gilbet Cops, the well- known genealogist and historical writer. It was "The Petition and Claims of Symon Hadley of Ballynakill in Kings County, Gentleman". In it Simon Hadley asked for reimbursement from Pariament for his investment in the "ffishery" industrywhich had made in the Manor of Clantarfe, Dublin County, should the manor become forfeited. According to the petition, Simon Hadley's investment here had been made "seven or eight years" previously.
Although he had made the investment north of the city of Dublin, Simon Hadley was not living here but was residing at Ballynakill, Kings County, Ireland.
Some time within the next few years, Simon Hadley and his family became members of the Society of Friends in Ireland and in Eustace Street Friends Meeting House in Dublin, where many records are preserved, there are several references to him and his family.
According to one of those records, Simon Hadley and his family moved to County Wetmeath where they were members of Moate Meeting of Friends. Carrilegh, County Westmeath was the home of John Hadley, eldest son of Simon hadley the 1st. given in a deed dated December 10th. 1712, the year following his fathers death.
This deed entry and a few others regarding the Hadley's in Ireland were found and copied for a member of the family by Baron Edward de Lacey, from the entries in the Deeds Office, Kings Inn, Dublin.
In addition to the deed regarding John Hadley, Lord Edward found several deeds, wills, etc. of John Hadley's children, Benjamin and Thomas Hadley, and his daughters Catherine and Ann.
According to these records Benjamin lived at Moate in the year 1746. He evidently was a man of property with holdings in several places, including Moate and Killinboy in County Westmeath and Tullamore, Kings County where his brother Thomas also had property.
Benjamin Hadley had two children, Gilbert and Elizabeth. Elizabeth Hadley married Frederick the 3rd, Viscount Boyne, August 25, 1737. From a reference supplied by the Office of Arms, Dublin Castle, we learn that Simon Hadley the 1st died in the year 1711.
A search has recently been made regarding Simon Hadley the 1st. in English records by Captain Kerlyn O. Cook of Washington D.C. a descendant of Joshua Hadley the 1st and his first wife Mary (Rowland) Hadley. Capt. Cook has examined many official records without discover- ing Simon Hadley the 1st. He recently wrote me that he was continu- ing to go through the "Close Rolls" for Henry IV and Henry V.
Captain Cook has sufficient information to convince him that the Somerset Hadleys were originally from London and that the 1st. of the name in County Somerset, Alexander Hadley, went to that County from London when he married Joan, daughter and heiress of Sir Ralph Durborough.
Captain Cook is not inclined to believe that Simon Hadley the 1st was of this family but that he was one of the fairly numerous descendants of William de Hadley, which descendants lived in Halesowen, Ombersley, Oldburie, Droitwich, Hussingtree and Quatt, in Worcesterchire, some of these places formerly having been located in County Shropshire and none of them far from Halesoven.
There are several references in print to William de Hadley including the Transactions of Shropshire Archaeological Society and in Eytons Antiquities of Shropshire.
It is Captain Cook's belief that the Hadley's of Shropshire and Worcestershire took their name originally from the Manor of Hadley in Shropshire which they owned. In the Domesday Book Hadley in Shropshire had the old Anglo-Saxon spelling of Hatlege.
According to the Victorian County History of Shropshire, one of the great Lords of this region was Girard of Tourna-sur-Dive. He had a daughter Sybil who married the Lord Hamo Peverel and since Sybil had no children most of her lands eschea?ed to the Crown.
Hamo Peverel had a natural daughter, however, who was wedded to William de Hadley and this marriage was well dowered by Peverel. The daughters name was Seburga and by her William de Hadley acquired extensive possessions. William and Seburga de Hadley were founders of Wombridge Priory near the middle of the 15th century. According to Ayton, William de Hadley had two and possibly three sons. The Manor and town of Quatt in Shropshire where a number of Hadleys lived during the earliest times was inherited about the year 1305 by Roger Corbet as joint heir, the Corbets having inherited lands through the marriage of Cecily, grand-daughter of William de Hadley and only child of Alan de Hadley. A representative of the County of Shropshire family--Ralph de Hadley--had landed interest in Ireland as early as the year 1276.
In the Transactions of the Bristol Gloucestershire
Archaeological Society, Volume 13, Captain Cook found the following--
Aid granted in 1235 for marrying the King's sister to the Emperor of the Romans (i.e. Isabella. Youngest daughter of King John of England to Frederick the 2nd. Emporer of Germany) mentions a fee in Winterbourne held in 1210 by Richard Wallonsis. It continued in that family until 15 , Edward 1 (1286-87) when it passed with the daughter and coheiresses.... to Ralf de Wrokeshall and Ralph de Hadley.
Volume 24 of the same publication has the note "John Giffard of Brimsfield, unjustly deprived Robert de Hadley of it in 1323.