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The Formation of Kentucky Counties & Courthouse Disasters, 


John Hinkson’s Fort, from Stockading up by Nancy O’Malley, Kentucky Heritage Council, University of Kentucky Program for Cultural Assessment, April 30, 1987,

available online at:


John D. Shane's 1841 Interview with Mrs. Wilson of Woodford County, published in The Filson Club Historical Journal, Vol. 16, 1941-42, pp. 227-235, available online at: 


Destruction of Ruddle’s and Martin’s Forts in the Revolutionary War, by MAUDE WARD LAFFERTY, From The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 54, October, 1956, No. 189,

portions area available online at: 
Maude Ward Lafferty (1869-1962) was an American historian and author. She was a member of the Executive Committee of the Kentucky Historical Society


The Voice of the Frontier, John Bradford’s Notes on Kentucky, Thomas D. Clark, Editor, University Press of Kentucky, 1993, portions available online at: John Hinkson’s Fort, 


Samuel Porter – Our Ancestor, compiled by Julia Ann Horton, 1992, 


Personal Communication, Jim Porter, 
Photo of Sarah Sharp Berry’s Grave: 


Memoirs of His Own Life, by R. Lamb; A Sergeant in the Royal Fuzileers, printed by J. Jones, 40 South Great George’s Street, 1811
The experiences of a sergeant (Roger Lamb) in the British army during the American Revolution.


History of Huron, New York from landmarks of Wayne County, edited by Hon. George C. Cowles, assisted by H. P. Smith and others, published by D. Mason & Co. Publishers, Syracuse, NY 1895


Abstract to the George Rogers Clark Papers, The Illinois Regiment, based on the Microfilmed George Rogers Clark Papers, At the Virginia State Library and Archives, compiled by Richard Eugene Willson, Indexing Donald E. Gradeless, Ph.D., Editor, copyright ©1998-2004 Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Illinois, available online at: 


Letters of Adelaide B. Duncan to her son, George F. Duncan, contributed by Nancy Poole, copy of a letter written by Adelaide Berry Duncan, wife of Dixon Sharp Duncan, to their son George F. Duncan.

Her parents were Lafayette and [Polly Porterfield] Berry and grandparents were Francis “Frank” and Sarah “Sallie” (Sharp) Berry. Dixon’s parents were John and Mary “Polly” (Laughlin) Duncan, Jr. and his grandparents were Capt. John and Elinor “Nellie” (Sharp) Duncan. This information was shared with me (Violet M. Pilcher) by Joe Duncan of Lexington, Ky. who had copied information in the hands of Miss Mattie R. Davis of Lexington in 1965. Mattie had corresponded in 1927 and 1928 with Laura Duncan, daughter of Adelaide, who had shared copies of the letters. Both Adelaide and her son George were deceased prior to June 1928 and are buried in a Los Angeles, California cemetery.
I have inserted some names in parentheses at the time of typing these copies to make it easier to comprehend the identity of the persons written about.
Violet M. Pilcher, February 1984
(Break in the continuity of the letters indicated. Pasted to the last paragraph after the signature on page 7 is a fragment of another letter no date, apparently cut from some other letter.)
(words barely discernable: “good while ago.”
When our ancestors started from Virginia and Tennessee to Kentucky, grandmother Berry’s eldest brother kissed her good-bye and snatched up her oldest child (who was named John for this brother), and said, “Sally. I will keep this child till better times. The Indians shan’t get him.” And I have heard papa and mama say it was four years before she saw her boy. Two of those years were in captivity. // end of page 7 a short page.)


Lafayette’s Virginia Campaign 1781, Xenophon Group Military History Data


A History of the King’s American Regiment, Part 6 of 8, To the South 1780/1781,,

A History of the King’s American Regiment, the Online Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies,


Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War, by J. T. McAllister, A Facsimile Report published 2006 by Heritage Books, Inc., Publishing Division, 65 E Main Street, Westminster, Maryland 21157-5026, copyright 1913 J.T. McAllister 


Battle of Green Spring July 6, 1781, 


The "Affair near James Island" (Or, "The Battle of Green Spring") July 6, 1781, by Charles E. Hatch, Jr. , Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 53 (July 1945), Virginia Historical Society, 


The Battle of Saratoga, ©1999 Saratoga County Chamber of Commerce, 


Virginia State Land Office, Land Office Grants P, 1784 – 1785, page 25, Reel 56, 21 June 1784, 1000 acres on the waters of Marble Creek in Fayette County granted to William Hays, available online at Virginia Digital Library: 


Virginia State Land Office, Land Office Grants N, 1784 – 1785, page 71, Reel 54, 15 June 1784, 400 acres on the waters of Marble Creek in Fayette County granted to William Hays, available online at Virginia Digital Library:


Virginia State Land Office, Land Office Grants Z, 1785 – 1786, page 492, Reel 66, 14 June 1786, 1080 acres on a small creek waters of Main Licking in Fayette County granted to William Henry, available online at Virginia Digital Library:


Virginia State Land Office, Land Office Grants No. 16, 1787 – 1788, page 210, Reel 82, 19 February 1788, 3000 acres on the south bank of the South Fork of the Licking in Fayette County granted to John Morton, available online at Virginia Digital Library:


KY Course 90: Farm Real Estate Appraisal, Chapter One, History of Agriculture in Kentucky,


An Act Supplementary to the “Act for the relief of certain surviving officers and soldiers of the revolution”, 4 Stat. 529, CHAP. CXXVI, available online at Genealogy Quest, Pensions 


Online Dictonary,,


Military Pension Acts, online at Genealogy Quest,


Botetourt County, Virginia, Order Book 1, page 26


The Berry Family of Van Buren Township, A. Scott, 


Will of William Berry, 22 March 1822, Monroe County, Indiana
Monroe County, Indiana Public Library, Local History Microfilm Roll #37,
Will Book 1 (1818-1841), pp. 8-10.


Lincoln Co, Kentucky, Deed Book 'G', page 197, Heirs of Joseph Campbell


Fincastle Co, Va,  in USGENWEB homepage for Virginia


The ‘Lectric Law Library, © 1995 - 2010 The 'Lectric Law Library®, 


Brief of Deeds, Botetourt County, Deed Book 1, page 230, March 1771


The Kentucky Land Grants, Volume 1, Part 1, Chapter II, Virginia Grants (1782 - 1792), The Counties of Kentucky by Willard Rouse Jillson, published 1925, reprinted 1994


Collins’ Historical Sketches of Kentucky, History of Kentucky, by the late Lewis Collins, Judge of the Mason County Court, revised, enlarged four-fold and brought down to the year 1874 by his son, Richard H. Collins, A.M. LL. B., Vol. 1, Covington, KY: published by Collins & Co., 1874


My Genealogy Home Page, Bruce M. Bell, 7980 Spyglass Ct., Pleasanton, CA 94588, 


The Michael and Mary Evelyn (Corky) Swanson Home Page, Michael and Corky Swanson, 1463 Beechwood, Abilene, Texas, 79603,,,

Richard Berry information at:


Mercer County Kentucky Records, Vol. 2, Michael L. Cook C.G., Kentucky Records Series, Vol. 26, Cook Publications, 3318 Wimberg Ave, Evansville, IN 47712


Mercer County Kentucky Records, Vol. 1, Michael L. Cook C.G., Kentucky Records Series, Vol. 24, Cook Publications, 3318 Wimberg Ave, Evansville, IN 47712


Family History Files of Tom Hill,


Early forts, Stations and Settlements – part 1,
from Collins Historical Sketches of Kentucky, History of Kentucky, Volume 2, published by Collins & Co, Covington, KY, 1874.


George Rogers Clark Papers, 1771 – 1781, by George Rogers Clark, Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, edited by Clarence Walworth Alvord, University of Illinois, Volume VIII, Virginia Series, Volume III, edited with introduction and notes by James Alton James, Northwestern University, published by the trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, Springfield, Illinois, 1912


Military History of Kentucky, The American Guide Series, chronologically arranged, written by workers of the Federal Writers Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of Kentucky, sponsored by The Military Department of Kentucky, G. Lee McCalin, The Adjutant General, published in 1939, copyright 1939 by the Adjutant General of Kentucky, printed by the State Journal, Frankfort, Kentucky


History of the County Court of Lincoln County, VA (Now Kentucky), by Lucien Beckner, in The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, published by the Kentucky Historical Society Vol. 20, No. 58, January 1922


Lochry’s Defeat,'s_Defeat, World Lingo Multilingual Archive, Copyright 2010 WorldLingo Translations LLC, All Rights Reserved. This article is a well documented analysis of the battle known as the Lochry Massacre.


A History of Kentucky and Kentuckians, The Leaders and Representative Men in Commerce, Industry and Modern Activities, Volume III, by E. Polk Johnson, The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago – New York, 1912


Land Office, Kentucky Secretary of State, Early Certificates of Settlement and Preemption Warrants in Kentucky County, Virginia, 


Estill family, compiled by Alma Lackey Wilson, 1944, in Genealogy of Kentucky Families, From the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1981


Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio, 1778 – 1783, Life of Gen. George Rogers Clark, by William Hayden English, Volume II, The Bowen-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, IND and Kansas City, MO, 1896


In Search of Morgan’s Station and The Last Indian Raid in Kentucky, by Harry G. Enoch, published 2007 by Heritage books, Inc., Publishing Division, 65 East Main Street, Westminster, Maryland 21157-5026, copyright 2007 Harry G. Enoch


Joseph Proctor – Obituary, from the farmer’s Chronicle of Dec 14, 1844, in Kentucky Ancestors, Genealogical Quarterly of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 41, No. 2, Winter 2005


Kentucky Court and Other Records, Volume II , Lincoln County, in Pettit, Petit, Pettit, Pettiet, Chapter 2, Section One, 


Lincoln County, Kentucky, Turner Publishing Company, 2002


The Wilderness Road, by Robert Kincaid, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, Ind., 1947


North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee 1778 - 1791, transcribed by Virginia L. “Ginny” Keefer, in David Donahue Memorial Tennessee Records Repository


Sullivan County Tennessee, A TNGENWEB Project, Land Grants, North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee
Sullivan County 1787


Benjamin Sharp, From a letter written by Benjamin Sharp to the editor of “The American Pioneer” magazine, published in the 15 June 1842 issue of that magazine in Cincinnati. Ohio, The Daniel Boone Wilderness Trail Copyright 2006,


J Lee Sharp Family Home Page, John Lee Sharp, 173 Avon Ave, Lexington, Ky, 40505, 


Will Abstracts 1729 – 1819 – Lancaster County, PA, S – Surnames donated by Sara Temp, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Will Index


Family of Thomas and Cynthia Wallace, Second Generation, by Steven H. Alsep, 143 Oak Grove Church Road, Corbin Kentucky 40701-9574, 


1896 “Early Lutheran Baptisms and Marriages in Southeastern Pennsylvania: The Records of Rev. John Casper Stoever 1730-1779”, in Lancaster CO. PA., Duncan Research Files of Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson


Benjamin Sharp Revolutionary War Pension File S17086, Roll 728


The Patriots at Kings Mountain, by Bobby Gilmer Moss, Scott-Hibernia Press, Blacksburg, South Carolina,1990


Historic Sullivan –A History of Sullivan County, Tennessee, by
Oliver Taylor, Bristol, Tenn, The King Printing Co., Le Roi Press, 1909


1788 Sullivan Co TN Militia List including excerpts from the 1796
Sullivan Tax List,


History of Tennessee, Sullivan County, The Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1887
Available online at: 


1850 Federal Census, Rockbridge County, Virginia


Old Providence Church Cemetery, located in Augusta County, 2 miles west of Berry's Filling Station on Route 11  


Augusta County, Virginia Will Book 9, page 252

1069), Ensign (rank)-definition,


Kentucky Land Office, Kentucky Secretary of State, Land Law 1779 (A), Chapter XII. An Act for adjusting and settling the titles of claimers to unpatented lands under the present and former government, previous to the establishment of the commonwealth’s land office., Approved May 1779 by the Virginia General Assembly, 


Brief History of the Roads in Virginia 1607 – 1840, by Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, Faculty Research Historian, Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council, (A Cooperative Organization Sponsored Jointly by the Virginia Department of Transportation and the University of Virginia), Charlottesville, Virginia, October 1977, Revised November 2003, VHTRC 78-R16, 


Davidson County, Tennessee Court Minutes, 14 Jan 1797, page 341


Blount County, Tennessee Deed Book A, page 38


Library of Virginia, Tithables, 


Bob’s Genealogy Filing Cabinet II, Almost Everything You Wanted to Know About Tithables (in Virginia and North Carolina), 


Library of Virginia, Colonial Tithables (Research Notes Numebr 17),  


Library of Virginia, Taxes in Colonial Virginia (VA-NOTES), 


Military Bounty Land Warrants and the Glasgow Land Fraud, By A. B. Pruitt Box 815, Whitakers, NC 27891, © A. B. Pruitt, 1998. All rights reserved, 


North Carolina Line, Wikipedia, 


Revolutionary War Bounty Land, 


The American Revolution in North Carolina, 2nd North Carolina Regiment, 


Elements of Logic, by Richard Whately, 1787 – 1863, published in 1854 in Louisville, Kentucky by Morton & Griswold, Publlishers, book digitized by Google from the library of Harvard University, 


Dictionarium Britannicum: or a more compleat universal etymological English dictionary than any extant. By Nathan Bailey. Second Edition. London, T. Cox, 1736, posted online in The 18th Century Reading Room, which is located within the Mina Rees Library at the City University of New York Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Ave., NY, NY 10016-4036


1730 – Bailey’s Dictionarium Britannicum, in The British Library, Learning, Dictionaries and Meanings,


What is Lye Soap?, Wise Geek, clear answers for common questions,


The Kentucky Gazette 1801 - 1820, Genealogical and Historical Abstracts, by Karen Mauer Green, Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore, 1985


Powder mill, from Wikipedia


What Did They Mean By That?, A Dictionary of Historical and Genealogical Terms, Paul Drake, J.D., 2000, Heritage Books, Inc., 1540 E Pointer Ridge Place, Bowie, Maryland 20716


The Kentucky Gazette 1787 - 1800, Genealogical and Historical Abstracts, by Karen Mauer Green, Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore, 1983


Jessamine County, Kentucky Court Orders Book Vol .1A 1799-1800,


1830 Federal Census, Harrison County, Kentucky


Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants Land Office Grants N, 1784-1785, p. 71, (Reel 54), available online at the Virginia Digital Archives, 


Harrison County Kentucky Deed Book 4, page 356


Harrison County Kentucky Deed Book 4, page 455


Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants No. 16, 1787-1788, p. 210 (Reel 82, ) available online at the Virginia Digital Archives, 


 The Journey of Captain John Dunkin & Family While Prisoners of War during the American Revolution, online at: 
This document includes: Excerpts from British Attacks Against Ruddle's & Martin’s Stations In June 1780 by Don Lee and Martha Pelfrey, which originally appeared in The Ruddlesforter, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 2-3


Historical marker Database Search, Kentucky Historical Society, Forts and Stations 


Master Index Virginia Survey and Land Grants 1774-1791, published by the Kentucky Historical Society,1976. The accompanying map is entitled: "The Great Settlement Area"


Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, The Newberry Library, Dr. William M. Scholl Center for American History and Culture, 


Personal Communication with the following people were instrumental in acquiring access to the sites of Ruddle’s and Martin’s Stations:
Mary Clay, 859-987-5698, business address is on Main St. in Paris, Kentucky, lives on the site of Martin’s Station in a house built by the second governor of Kentucky – James Garrard (January 14, 1749 – January 19, 1822), and graciously allowed us access to the site.
Elizabeth Darnell, who lives at 2480 Old Lair Road, Box 4245 Old Lair Road, 859-234-2480, owns and lives on the property where Ruddle’s Station is located. She not only allowed us access to the site, as well as the Lair burial vault, where the bones of the Ruddle’s/Martin’s Station were eventually laid to rest, but led us on a tour of the sites.
William Penn, Historic Midway Museum Store, 124 Railroad St., P.O. Box 4502, Midway, KY 40347, 859-846-4214, is a member of the Harrison County Historical Society and brought us to the sites and made numerous personal connections.
Don Lee, President of the Ruddell & Martin Stations Historical Association, 859-654-3848,, provided information on COL Bird’s invasion route in Harrison County








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Last Revised: 10/29/2011