|Notes for Nicholas Busby|
|"The Busbeys in America are descendants of the Busbys of Staffordshire and Yorkshire England. In 1598 the Busbey family in staffordshire divided, the elder branch retaining the seat at Addington and the younder moving in 1602 to County Antrim, Ireland. Nicholas Busbey of the same family emigrted to Boston, Mass., in 1637. About the same time representatives of the Yorkshire Busbys located near Raleigh, North Carolina. The Massachusetts family retained the spelling Busby. The Scotch Irish family changed the spelling to Busbey and the North Carolina family to Busbee."822|
"In the old records of New England the name is spelled Busby, Busbee, Busbey, Busbie, Besbedge, Busborough, and in English records is spelled Busby, Busbey, Busbie, Bushby and Bushbie. Robert Bushbe was a member of Parliament in 1311 for Wilshire, England, William De la Bosebe held a Knights fee in Dorset in the 13th Century. Hugh de Busbe lived in Normandy in 1180, and Alaric de Busch in Herford in 1086. the coat of arms of the Busbys of Sessex and Cumberland was a stag's head, pierced through back of neck with an arrow, square headed and bombed. The Crest of the Busbie fmily was a bee erect, heard downward, wings expanded. richard Busby, head master of Westminister School, was born at Lutton in Lincolnshire in 1606 and died in 1695. He was buried in Westminster Abbey. Mention ismade of several English officers named Busby, one them them giving hisname to the shortcockade worn in soldiers' caps for many years." 822
On April 8, 1637 a party was examined 'expressing a desire to go to Boston in New England", and set sail for the great adventure on the ships "John and Dorothy " of Ipswich, William Andrews, mater, and the "Rose" of Yarmouth, William Andrews, Jr., master. Among the party was William Nickerson, ae. 33, wife Ann, 28, and four children, Nicholas, Robert, Ann and Elizabeth, who arrived in Boston June 20, 1637. His father-in-law, Nicholas Busby, came over at the same time". 217
"Nicholas, born probably, about 1582,' his age, '50 yeares,' as it reads at the time of his examination for New England, 1637, is apparently short by five years , at least. Were it correct, his birth would have been in 1587 and he would have been but 18 years of age when he was married at St. Mary Coslany, Norwich, 24 June 1605. In the same examination, the age of his wife Bridget reads, '53 yeares.' It is reasonable to suppose that Nicholas was older rather than younger than his wife. Mr. Bartlett considers it probably that the age was 55 rather than 50, and that the error arose because of faint or poor handwriting in transcribing."239, 661
He was born "probably in the county of Norfolk". "Nicholas was apprenticed to William Ward, worsted-weaver, as early, probably, as 1597. He was admitted freeman of Norwich 5 Jan. 1620/2. More details and abstract of will and inventory to be entered. 661
"On record we find, 'Aprill 8th, 1637. The examination of Nicho: Busbie of Norwich in Norff, weauer, aged 50 yeares and Bridgett his wife aged 53 yeares with 4 children, Nicho: John:Abraham: and Sarath; are desirous to goe to Boston in New England to inhabit.' The name of Nicholas Busby appears on the 'List of persons who went to New England with William Andrews of Ipswich, master of the John and Dorothy of Ipswich, and with William Andrews, his son, master of the Rose of Yarmouth.' Which of the vessels he came in is uncertain, but in the same company was his daughter Anne and her husband William Nickerson with their family of four children, all of whom arrived in Boston, 20 June 1637." 661
"It is not certain that they were natives of Norwich. Some of the passengers on the list are stated to have been born in Norwich. In the case of others, as the Busbys, the record is silent as to birthplace. With Nicholas Busby came his daughter Anne and son-in-law William Nickerson, and their family. On June 20, 1637, three ships arrived in Boston from Ipswich with 360 passengers, among whom doubtless were Nicholas Busby and his family. Whether his son John came with him is uncertain. If he did, he subsequently returned to England." Details to be entered. 820
"Busby. - St. Mary Caslany, Norwich, june 24, 1605, Nicholas Busbye and Bridgett Cocke (Phillmore's Norfolk Mar., vol. 3, p. 5).
Nicholas Busby of Watertown came from Norwich in 1637, aged 50, with wife Bridget, aged 53, and four children (Savage's Gen. Dict.)." 823
"His will, dated 25 July 1657, is to be found, with inventory, at the office of Suffolk Registry of Probate, Boston." Text and inventory to be entered.661
Text of will to be entered. It is listed as being signed
"In prsence of vs. By me Nicholas Busby & a seale.
Nathaniell Woodward, Wm Pearse.
10 Sep 1657. Nathaniel Woodward and Wm pearse deposed.
Will Recorded, 14th oct. 1657. Inventory of the Estate taken 1st Septr 1657, by Nathaniel Woodward and Robert Saunder.
Amt. 973. 11. 08 1/2. 10 Sep 1657. Abraham Busby deposed." 824
"Of Norwich, [b. abt. 1582] worsted weaver, apprentice to Wm. Ward; freeman 5 Jan. 1620/1; of St. Mary Coslany, St. Peter Permountergate & St. Clement's, Norwich; emigrated to New England 1637; died 28 Aug. 1657."661
"Nicholas Busby of Norwich, worsted-weaver, b. ca 1584, d. Boston MA 28 Aug 1657. Emigrated with the Nickersons, settled immediately at Watertown where became a proprietor & a selectman, & was one of the commission that surveyed the boundary line between Massachusetts Bay Colony & Plymouth Colony. His inventory mentions book of physic (medicine) & divinity."357
"Busby - St. Mary Caslany, Norwich, June 24, 1605, Nicholas Busbye and Bridgett Cocke (Phillimore's Norfolk Mar., vol. 3, p. 5). Nicholas Busby of Watertown came from Norwich in 1637, aged 50, with wife Bridget, aged 53, and four children (Savage's Gen. Dict.)." 821
"Nicholas Busby died Aug. 28, 1657. His will was dated July 25, 1657, and proved Sept. 10, 1657." Details of will to be entered. "The list of his books would indicate thathe was a man of considerable education, and that, besides exercising his trade as weaver, he preached and practiced as a physicial." 820
" 'Ap. 8, 1637. The examination of Nicho Busbie, of Nowch in Noff [Norwich in Norfolk], weaver, aged 50 years, and Bridget, his wife, aged 53 years, with 4 children, Nicho, John, Abraham, and Sarah, as desirous to go to Boston, in New England, to inhabitt.' [Mass. Hist. Coll., Vol. I., 4th Series, p. 96.] They settled in Wat., where he was selectman, 1640, and '44, and he d. in Boston, Aug. 28, 1657. His wid., Bridget, of Boston, on May 20, 1659, sold to John Grout, yeoman of Sud., the homestall in Wat., granted to her husband, and 5 other lots of land in Wat., 4 of which were formerly in the tenure of William Paine, a merchant, formerly of Wat., then of Boston." 825
"Admission of Inhabitants.
In October [1637?], Richard Singleterry, William Palmer, John Moulton, William Easton, Thomas Moulton, Nicholas Busbee, and Abraham Toppan were received as inhabitants of the town of Newbury.
'Abraham Toppan being licensed by John Endicott, esqr. to live in this jurisdiction was received into the towne of Newberry as an inhabitant thereof and hath heere promised under his had to be subject to any lawful order, that shall be made by the towne. [town of Newbury Records, vol. i.]
It was ordered in a lawfull m eeting November the 5th  that who soeuer is admitted into the towne of Newberry as an inhabitant thereof shall have he consent & approbation of the body of the ffreemen of the sayd towne.'
A writen obligation, similar to the one printed above was isnged by each person receiving the approbation of the freeman, and entered upon the records of the town." 826, 573
"In Oct., 1637, Nicholas Busby was admitted an inhabitant of Newbury [Coffin, 24]. He could have remained there only a short time, as he was a selectman of Wat., in 1640. Oct. 4, 1653, John White, and wife Frances, of Boston, sold to John Coolidge, 7 acres of land in Wat., [bounded N. and W. by pastor Sherman; E. by Garritt Church; S. by highway]; 'originally granted to Nicholas Busby,' by him sold to John Stebbin, and by him sold to John White. The Will of Nicholas Busby, of Boston, dated July 25 proved Sept. 10, 1657, makes his wife (not named) sole ecec'x.; mentions eldest son John (in England) and son Abraham; eldest daughters Anne Nickerson (wife of Wm.), Katherine Savory, youngest daughter Sarah Grout; Joseph Busby, son of his son Nicholas, deceased; and Sarah Grout, his grandchild. It mentions money and plate, which he gave to his wife; books in 'Phisicke,' 'Divinitie' and 'History,' bequeathed to his two sons, and three Bibles to his three daughters. As his drs. Anne and Katherine did not embark with him, it is probable that they were married in England. It is also probable that his dr. Sarah, m. (1st), Ens. Thomas Cakebread, and afterwards Capt. John Grout [see Geneal. Reg. viii, p. 278.] Oct. 14, 1643, the Gen. Court granted him a bounty of 34 s., for making cloth." 825
"Nicholas Busby, 1637, from Norwich, Co. Norfolk; fr. 1638, d. in Boston, 1657; grantee of homestall of 6 A. and a farm of 86 A.; purchased 6 lots, one of which was a homestall, 10 A., where he probably resided; bounded N. by Fresh Pond, E. by John Daggett, W. by W. Woolcot; bought of Andrew Ward." 825
"Andrew Ward . . . grantee of a homestall, 10 A., bounded N. by Fresh Pond; E. by Drift Way and John Doggett; W. by W. Wolcott; S. by Jonas Eaton. Nicholas Busby bought this lot, and perhaps this 'Drift Way' was what was sometimes called Busby's Lane." 825
"Several months previous, in March 1657, he [William Nickerson] had removed with his family to Boston, in order that his wife might be able to care for her parents in their old age. They had resided there but a few months, when the father, Nicholas Busby, died, the exact date of his death being August 28, 1657. Mr. Busby left a considerable property, out of which he bequeathed his daughter, Anne Nicherson, the sum of 50 pounds and his 'thicke bible.' he appointed his three 'sonnes that are heere in New England,' Abraham Busby, William Nickerson, and John Grout, to gather up all his 'debts', which were in his 'debt bookes,' and to pay over the proceeds to his widow, whome he appointed executrix of his will. [Suffolk Probate Records I, 294. From the number of books of 'phisick' mentioned in his will, it appears that, in addition to his occupation as a weaver, mr. Busby had acquired some skill and practice as a physician. " 403
"WILL OF NICHOLAS BUSBY
From office of Suffolk Registry of Probate, Boston, the will of Nicholas Busby dated 25 Jul 1657, presented, 10 Sep 1657 and recorded 14 Oct 1657:
"In the name of God amen I Nicholas Busby being sicke in body but in pfect memory, Blessed be ye Lord therefor doe make this my Last Testament as hereafter followeth first of all I will and bequeath my soule into the mercyfull hands of Almightie God trusting & unfainedly beleeving to be saved by ye active & passive obedience of the Lord Jesus Christ & my Body to the earth to be buryed therein at the charge of my Executrix heereafter named. I doe appointe my three sonns that are here in New England, that is to say, my Sonne Abraham Busby, my sonne William Nickerson & my Sonne John Grout to gather vp all my debts mentioned in my debt bookes & to make there of a true accott, & to deliuer it as they shall receiue it vuto my Executrix heereafter named....Impris I doe make my Loving wife my whole Executrix of all my Estate, & to possesse this my dwelling house wherein I liue, dureing her life, and all my household Stuffe plate & money; & for my farme if she will consent therto that it be sold & she to receiue the price thereof & to add to it my stocke & to discharge the seurall Legacies.....the Remainder.....to be for her maintenance dureing her life.....Vnto John Busby, my Eldest Sonne, seaventy pounds more then that I sent him the Last yeare, wch was thirtie pounds, & this Seaventy pounds to be payd in such goods as are gathered in by the Brethren above said, within Seaven monthes after my decease.....Vnto Abraham Busby, my Sonne, sixtie pounds.....And after his Mothers decease, this my now dwelling house, with the garden & fruite trees scittuated & being in Boston.....Vuto Anne Nickerson, my daughter, the sume of fiftie pounds; (more then that I sent her the Last yeare).....Vnto Sarah Grout, my youngest daughter, the some of Sixtie & five pounds; vnto my grand Child Joseph Busby, Sonne of my Sonne Nicholas Busby, deceased, the sume of Twenty pounds; vnto Sarah Grout, my grand child, tenn pounds; vnto my two Sonns John Busby & Abraham Busby, my printed bookes, in manner following; to John Busby, all my Phisicke bookes, as Glendall practice, Barrowes method, Dutch Phisicke & garden of health, Mr. Coggans treatis, and the Dialogue of Phisicke Surgery, with Plinnys Naturall Hystory. Vnto Abraham Busby, my bookes of Divinitie, vizt. Mr. Perkins, Mr Willet sinops and Comentary on the Romains, & mr Hieroms two bookes; as for the rest of my bookes of divinitie, or Hystory, my desire is that they may Loveingly & Brotherly devide them betweene except the three Bibles; first, the thicke Bible, I giue vnto Anne Nickerson. The Best Bible, to Sarah Grout, and the bible in my Hamper, to Katherin Savory. As for my Apparell, I giue vnto John Busby, my Sonne, my blacke Stuffe Cloake, & the remainder of my apparell I Leave to my wife to dispose of. As for my weaving tooles, as the two Loomes, the one, I giue to John Busby in case he come over to New England, or else to William Nickerson the same. And the other Loome & warpins & bobings & wheels & shetells & other Implemts thereto belonging I give vnto my Sonne Abraham Busby; And as for my household stuffe, plate & money, I leaue vnto my deare wife....I haue heereunto set my hand & seale, this five and Twentieth day of July, One thousand Sixe Hundred fifty and Seauen...." 827
"John Busby went back to England some time before his father Nicholas wrote his will in 1657. Nicholas, a worsted weaver who emigrated to Massachusetts from Norwich in 1637, left instructions to send seventy pounds' worth of goods, physic book and 'my black stuff cloak' to John in England, but he also left John his weaving loom, if 'he come over to New England.'" 750
"Busby. - In Oct. 1637, Nicholas Busby was admitted an inhabitant of Newbury (Coffin, 24). He could have remained there only a short time, as he was a selectman of Wat., in 1640. Oct. 4, 1653, John White, and wife Frances, of Boston, sold to John Coolidge, 7 acres of land in Wat., [bounded N. and W. by pastor Sherman; E. by Garritt Church; S. by highway]; 'originally granted to Nicholas Busby,' by him sold to John Stebbin, and by him sold to John White. The Will of Nicholas Busby, of Boston, dated July 25, proved Sept. 10 1657,makes his wife (not named) sole exc'x; mentions eldest son John (in England), and son Abaham; eldest daughters Anne Nickerson (wife of Wm.), Katherine Savory, youngest daughter Sarah Grout; Joseph Busby, son of his son Nicholas, deceased; and Sarah Grout, his grandchild. It mentions money and plate, which he gave to his wife; books in 'Phisicke,' 'Divinitie' and 'History,' bequeathed to his two sons, and three Bibles to his three daughters. As his drs. Anne and Katherine did not embark with him, it is probably that they were married in England. It is also probably, that his dr. Sarah, m. (1st), Enss. Thomas Cakebreak, and afterwards Capt. John Grout. [See Geneal. Reg. viii, p. 278.] Oct. 14, 1643, the Gen. Court granted him a bounty of 34s., for making cloth." 664
Nich Busby Age: 50 DOB: 1587 DOE: 1637 Trade: Worsted weaver BP: Norwich N WP: Norwich N Distances: BP-WP: 0 " 665
"However, John Pierce of Watertown and Nicholas Busby of Boston both left 'good estates, including their looms." 665
"Both Anne's father and husband were weavers in a city renowned for its textile industry. Nicholas Busby had recently served as city jurat, examining Norwich-produced cloth and ensuring that civic standards of manufacture were maintained. There was no reason to doubt that, in time, William Nickerson, whose own career as a freeman worsted weaver was well under way, would have followed in his father-in-law's footsteps and achieved similar recognition. Yet both men intended to remove to a land where their hard-earned skills would be in little demand.. . . . Even as the Nickerson and Busby families arrived in Great Yarmouth, several residents of that port were also preparing to travel to New England."666
"Several of the urban artisans had been named freemen of their towns, a status that conferred political privileges and indicated some measure of economic stability. [For instance, emigrants from Norwich who were freemen included the weavers Nicholas Busby, William Nickerson . . . Lack of suitable records makes it nearly impossible to assess precisely the economic positions of emigrants prior to their voyages; even the few extant tax lists are inaccurate measures of total wealth." 666
"For urban artisans, the disposition of real estate proved less of a problem. Since their holdings were usually modest, craftsmen generally divested themselves completely of whatever real estate they held before leaving England. Nicholas Busby, for example, sold his tenement in Norwich to another of the city's weavers rather than leasing it. For Busby and other emigrant artisans, the sale of their property was the simplest and most sensible procedure. . . . Artisans could afford to dispose of their English property because their greatest resource - their skill - was eminently transportable. What artisans did retain were the tools of their trades. Nicholas Busby freely sold his Norwich houselot but evidently never contemplated disposing of his looms. He and other emigrant weavers, such as Nicholas Batt, Walter Haynes, and Thomas Payne, all brought looms and 'tackling' to their New England homes. Not to have done so would have seemed an act of utter foolishness, for any artisan arriving in Massachusetts without his tools would have operated under inordinate disadvantages, since adequate replacement could not be bought, and probably could not be made, in New England. Most emigrant craftsmen seem to have assumed that they woul dearn at least part of their livings in New England through the practice of their trades." 666
"Nicholas Busby initially tried to combine weaving and farming in Watertown but - evidently finding rural life not to his liking - soon moved to Boston, where he opened a dry-goods shop and continued to weave part-time. At the time of his death, he had six pounds' worth of 'Cloth in the Looms.' [Busby received a bounty from the General Court for cloth he produced, before the court suspended the payments]." 666
"Nicholas Busby, the Boston shopkeeper and part-time weaver, owned several 'bookes of Divinitie, vizt. Mr. Perkings, Mr. Willet sinops and Comentary of the Romains, & Mr. Hieroms two bookes.' [Busby's and Starr's inventories are in the Suffolk County Probate Records, dockets no. 165 and 233, respectively] " 666
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