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FARNIFOLD GREEN

Born 30 May 1674 in St. Stephen's Parish, Northumberland Co.,VA
 
Parents Timothy Green and Anne Farneffold
 
Married Hannah Kent Smithwick widow of John Smithwick of Bath Co., NC.
 
Died
 
Children
1) Thomas b. ca 1698 Bath Co., NC
d. Killed 1714 in Tuscarora Indian raid
 
2) Elizabeth b. ca 1700 Bath Co., NC
m. Daniel Shine 15 May 1715
 
3) John b. ca 1702 Bath Co., NC
d. by 1730
 
4) Farnifold b. ca 1704 Bath Co., NC
m. Mary (Sarah?) Graves
ch: James, John, Joseph, Titus, Mary
d. will 15 July 1759, Craven Co., N.C.
 
5) James b. ca 1706 Bath Co., NC
m. Mary Gray
ch: Farnifold, James, Thomas,JOSEPH, John
NOTES
 
6) Jane b. ca 1708 Bath Co., NC

Farnifold is listed with Nicholas Tyler & family coming to North Carolina 5 July 1697.
(N.C. Hist. & Gen. Reg. April 1901, p.299)

He married soon after HANNAH KENT SMITHWICK widow of John Smithwick of Bath County, N.C., who died testate (with a will) in 1696 naming his wife "Hanna" and daughter "Sarah" (Ann?) as his beneficiaries. John and Hannah were Quakers.
(Grimes p.349)

Farnefold Green and his wife Hannah, appear frequently among the early records of Bath County (later, Beaufort). One of the earliest transactions is that of 15 August 1698 when Fornyfeild Green and wife Hannah, James Hogg and wife Ann, Thomas Pierce and wife Mary, for 40 sell to William Long (all four men are brothers-in-law) their interest of 250 acres of land of Lawrence Consolvo, deceased. Land lays by a creek called Indian Creek in Yeopim River, Perquimaimans Precinct, Albermarle County, NC Deed registered Jan 1699.
(Perquimans Co./Beaufort Co. Book 1 page 9)

1 July 1701, Furnifold Green deeds to James Hogg (his brother-in-law) part of entry of land made by him 2 April 1698.
(Beaufort Co. records at Washington, N.C., Book I p.3)

9 September 1701, Furnefold Green has 550 acres surveyed and laid out for him for the transportation of 15 persons.
(Beaufort Co. Book I p.6)

12 December 1701, Furrnifold Green "lays five rites upon an entry made by sonne Thomas on 17 Nov 1701, land called Nonowarrittsa.
(Beaufort Co. Court Records, Book I p.9)

7 July 1706, Furnifold Green and wife Hannah sell land to Christopher Dawson on Neuse River.
(Beaufort Co. Court Records, Book I, p. 101)

1707, Lord's Proprietors grant 1700 acres to Farnefold Green on the north side of the Neuse River, now Craven County, N.C.

27 June 1708, Furnifold Green and his wife Hannah, of Parish of St. Thomas in Ardel, Bath County, sell land to Christopher Dawson.

8 October 1708, Furnifold Green sells land to John Putnall witnessed by Christopher Dawson
(Beaufort Co. Court Records Book I, p.103)

A little historical background to our story: Note that in 1708 Furnifold and Hanah are of Parish of St. Thomas, Bath County. St. Thomas Parish was formed in 1701 soon after the Church of England was designated as the established church of the province. It was the recipient of a collection of 1,000 books and was for a long time the only public library in North Carolina, which was unique for a frontier settlement, and became the pride of St. Thomas Church. The volumes, neatly bound in gold-tooled leather, were a combination of parochial and laymen's selections covering subjects including history, biography, natural sciences, medicine, geography, classical literature, poetry, heraldry and sports, as well as those of a religious nature.

St. Thomas Parish was slow to take physical shape, though it had a library, a plot set aside for a church, and the colony's only "Glebe" of 300 acres (Glebes were farms set aside for the use of Anglican Ministers), which had been granted to the parish in 1706 to encourage the settlement of a Church of England Minister at Bath. Except for an occasional visit from a clergyman, St. Thomas Church did not acquire its first minister until 1719, and construction of St. Thomas Church was not begun until 1734.

For decades the Society of Friends (Quakers) was the sole representative of organized religion in Bath. In the early days most dissenters from the Anglican faith were the Quakers established in the colony in 1672.

Conflict between politically motivated religious factions had been long brewing and finally erupted into armed warfare known as the Cary Rebellion. The English concept of a state-church being the issue at stake signifying the beginning Of the separation of church and state in North Carolina.

The Quakers were firmly entrenched in the colony dominating all branches of government and when the requirement for declaring loyalty to the Church of England was reinstated, Quakers were barred from office because of their religious conviction.

They had previously been exempt from swearing an Oath of Allegiance to the Crown. Governor Thomas Cary showed a preference for the Quaker side and he and the Quakers ruled the province in an atmosphere of tension from 1708 to 1711, until the Lord's Proprietors appointed Edward Hyde as Deputy Governor of North Carolina and the opposing governments battled until Cary's rebellion collapsed.

This disrupting effect of war nearly ceased government and the courts during the 3 years of debate and bloodshed. Coupled with a severe drought in the summer of 1711, as well as the raging epidemic of yellow fever, the settlement was left weak and exhausted and vulnerable to attack by the Indians, who meanwhle were gathering strength with guns and ammunition. The dominant Indian power in eastern North Carolina was that of the Tuscaroras who at first were friendly to the white settlers. As the settlers increasingly moved onto the Indians's land, kidnapping and enslaving their people and subjecting them to insulting treatment, resentment and hatred of the settlers of Bath County developed and intensified, culminating in the decision to destroy all settlers and their plantations and crops. The Tuscaroras, under their leader King Hancock, struck 22 September 1711, and for three days slaughtered over 190 whites, taking prisoner 20 to 30 settlers who were living along the Pamlico, Neuse and Trent Rivers.

It was with this background of uncertainty and fear-, that Farnifold Green and others made out their wills, Farnifold's the 26th of October 1711. The Indians for the next three years would raid three or four families at a time, retreating into the swamps making it impossible to follow them. This problem continued until the government finally turned from the policy of extermination of the hostiles, to one of peaceful agreement. On 11 February 1715, a treaty of peace was made with the surviving hostile Indians and they were assigned a reservation on Lake Mattamuskeett in Hyde County, thus ending the Tuscarora War, however, too late for our Farnifold Green who was massacred in 1714 at age 40.

Furnifold Green, Planter, made out his will 26 October 1711 and it is recorded in Book 2 p.10 of the old Bath County records. He divided his many acres of land and plantations between his sons and daughters when they reached the age of 18. He left the plantation he lived on to his wife Hannah, and 250 A. to his step-daughter Ann Smithwick.

A letter from Governor Pollock dated 3 October 1712 "apponts Furnifold Green to Captain, Commissary, to impress and supply the army with anything that is to be had in the County of Bath". At that time Bath County included what is now Craven, Beaufort, Carteret, Onslow, Pamlico, Lenoir, Greene, Wayne, Johnston and Wake Counties.

In 1714, Farnefold with his son Thomas, one white servant and two negroes, were murdered on his 1700 acre plantation by the Tuscarora Indians. Another son was shot through the shoulder but managed to escape. The plantation, house, stock of cattle and hogs, were plundered and entirely destroyed by the Indians.

His widow Hannah later married her third husband, Richard Graves, Surveyor and citizen of Craven precinct. He made the "Plat of Lots of Point Beaufort", now considered one of the most beautiful of the old towns of North Carolina. Richard Graves died in 1730 naming his wife Hannah Executrix.


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