Epidemics & Disasters

Why so many people died at one time.
Date Area Disease Notes
1657 Boston, MA Measles  
1687 Boston, MA Measles  
1690 New York Yellow Fever  
1713 Boston, MA Measles  
1729 Boston, MA Measles  
1732-1733 Worldwide Influenza  
1738 South Carolina Smallpox  
1739-1740 Boston, MA Measles  
1747 Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina Smallpox  
1759 North America Measles  
1761 North America Influenza  
1772 North America Measles  
1775 North America Unknown  
1775-1776 Worldwide Influenza  
1776 North Carolina to Nova Scotia Hurricane Sept. 2-9: 4,170+ died
1783 Dover, DE Bilious Disorder extremely fatal
1788 Philadelphia, PA and New York, NY Measles  
1793 Vermont "Putrid" Fever and Influenza  
1793 Virginia Influenza 500 died in 5 counties within 4 weeks
1793 Philadelphia, PA Yellow Fever  
1793 Harrisburg, PA Unknown  
1793 Middleton, PA Unknown  
1793 Philippines Yellow Fever 4,000+ died
1794 Philadelphia, PA Yellow Fever  
1796-1797 Philadelphia, PA Yellow Fever  
1798 Philadelphia, PA Yellow Fever extremely fatal
1803 New York Yellow Fever  
1820-1823 Nationwide Fever started at the Schuylkill River
1831-1832 Nationwide Asiatic Cholera arrived with English Immigrants
1832 New York City, New Orleans and other major cities Cholera Aug-Sept: 3,000 died in NYC; Oct.: 4,340 died in New Orleans
1833 Columbus, OH Cholera  
1833-1834 Kentucky Cholera  
1834 New York, NY Cholera  
1837 Philadelphia, PA Typhus  
1841 Nationwide Yellow Fever especially severe in the South
1847 New Orleans, LA Yellow Fever  
1847-1848 Worldwide Influenza  
1848-1849 North America Cholera 5,000+ died in NYC
1849 New York Cholera  
1850 Nationwide Yellow Fever  
1850-1851 North America Influenza  
1851 Coles Co., IL, The Great Plains and Missouri Cholera  
1852 Nationwide Yellow Fever 8,000 died in New Orleans that summer
1853 New Orleans Yellow Fever 7,790 died
1855 Nationwide Yellow Fever  
1857-1859 Worldwide Influenza one of the largest epidemics
1860-1861 Pennsylvania Smallpox  
1865-1873 Philadelphia, New York, Boston, New Orleans, Baltimore, Memphis and Washington DC Smallpox, Cholera, Typhus, Typhoid, Scarlet Fever, Yellow Fever and Influenza series of recurring epidemics
1867 New Orleans Yellow Fever 3,100 died
1873-1875 North America and Europe Influenza  
1878 New Orleans and the lower Mississippi Valley Yellow Fever 13,000 died
1884 Mississippi, Alabama, North & South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana Tornadoes Feb. 19: 800+ died
1885 Plymouth, PA Typhoid  
1886 Jacksonville, FL Yellow Fever  
1889 Youngstown, PA South Fork Dam Collapse May 30: 2,200+ died
1900 Galveston, TX Hurricane Sept. 8: 6,000-12,000 died
1902-1905 Philippines Cholera  
1906 San Francisco, CA Earthquake April 18: 3,000+ died
1916 Nationwide Polio 7,000 died
1918 Worldwide Influenza/Spanish Flu More people were hospitalized in WWI from this epidemic than from wounds. US Army training facilities had up to an 80% fatality rate. 500,000+ died in USA.
1925 Missouri, Illinois and Indiana Tornado March 18: 695 died
1928 Lake Okeechobee, FL Hurricane Sept. 6-20: 1,360 died
1949 Nationwide Polio 2,720 died
1952 Nationwide Polio 3,300 died
1955 Los Angles, CA Heatwave Aug. 31 - Sept 7
1981-2005 Nationwide AIDS 550,394 died
1988 Central and Eastern US Drought and Heatwave 10,000 died
1995 Chicago Heatwave July 12-17
2001 New York City, Arlington, VA and Shanksville, PA Terrorist Attack "9/11": 3,000 died
2005 Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi Hurricane Katrina Aug. 25-29: 1,800+ died
2009 Worldwide H1N1 (Swine Flu)  

[Source: nansbackyard.com. Epidemics & Disasters. Mukwonago, WI, USA: Nan Bach, 2001-2010.]


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