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Learning: Glossary/Guide

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    POLISH GLOSSARY & GUIDE.....

    This page is designed to be a quick reference guide for answers to common questions pertaining to Polish genealogy and heritage. The table is indexed alphabetically by subject with short explanation or a link to a more detailed source. And, we've included a link to AmazonSearch if you are interested in learning what Polish books are available.

    Tip: Leave this window open in the background while you are browsing ATPC, then you can refer to it whenever you like.


    Subject - reference

    [atpc] = on site, [open] = off site - All links open in new window, close when done!

  • Alphabet, Polish - [atpc]
  • Certificate, Polish, where to apply - [open]
  • Date(s):
    / Calculate Day of any date, i.e., January 1, 1890 = "Tuesday" [atpc]
    / Julian-Gregorian - when it changed [atpc]
    / months, foreign - Table for Polish, Latin, OCS, Ukrainian, Russian and German [atpc]
    / postal, Polish - see Postal
  • Census abbreviations - [open]
  • Dictionary, Polish/English - see Translation, dictionary
  • Directory:
    / Email, find - [open]
    / Home pages, business - [open]
    / Home pages, communities - [atpc]
    / Home pages, genealogy, general - [atpc]
    / Home pages, genealogy, Polish - [atpc]
    / Home pages, Polish, indexed - [atpc]
    / telephone, business - [open]
  • Food, Polish word - Glossary [atpc]
  • Illness, German - see Translation, illness, German-English
  • Immigration:
    / ports, US - entry points [open]
    / records, US - history, genealogy, education [open]
  • Julian calendar - see Date, Julian-Gregorian
  • Name:
    / given, equivalent - cross reference English to foreign names (pdf requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) [atpc]
    / given, equivalent - Explanation for English/Polish names [atpc]
    / given, practice of - Polish naming convention, [open-1] [open-2]
    / surname, change, immigraiton [open]
    / surname, meaning - Understanding of [atpc]
    / surname, suffixes - Understanding of [aptc]
  • Postal:
    / mail, postal date - Date on Polish mail is 8-digit numeric code ("14010210" = "14" is day 14, "01" is month of January, "02" is year of 2002, "10" is time of 10 am.)
    / postal system, Poland - (pl="Poczta") [open]
  • Powiat - Polish for "district".
  • r - see Rok
  • Rok - Polish word for year. Often represented with an "r" on old grave stones.
  • Translation:
    / dictionary - [open]
    / illness, German-English - Table [open]
    / Polish-English - common genealogy words [atpc]
    / Records, documents - Polish, Latin, Ukrainian, Russian [atpc]
  • Wigalia - Traditional Polish Christmas Eve dinner.
  • Woj - abbreviation for "Wojewo~dzstwo" (Providence in English)
  • Wycinanki - Polish paper cutout art


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