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James ARDRON II (1828 - 1902)

Father: John Ardron I (1797 - 1868)
Mother: Martha Beighton

 

Tree extract starting with common ancestor to me:

My G-G-Great Grandfather was born in Killamarsh (DBY) in 1828. (Based on being aged 22 at marriage and aged 52 and location on the 1881 Census)

This agrees with him being baptised in Killamarsh on 30 November 1828. His father was John Ardron, a blacksmith of Killamarsh and his mother was Martha. (IGI + APR) However it should be noted that he was called James Beighton Ardron in the APR. (Photo - Killamarsh Parish Church)

1829 The Metropolitan Police is established by Robert Peel
1830 Opening of the Liverpool to Manchester Railway
1830 Death of King George IV, succeeded by King William IV
1830-2 First major cholera epidemic in Britain

1833 Abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire
1833 The Factory Act - prohibits children under nine from working in factories and reduces the working hours of women and older children
1834 The Poor Law Act - establishes workhouses for the poor
1837 Invention of the telegraph by S F B Morse

1837 Death of King William IV, succeeded by Queen Victoria
1840 The penny post is started

On the 1841 Census (6 June) he was aged 12, living with his parents, two brothers and two sisters at Upperthorpe, Killamarsh, Derby. (PRO ref HO107/195/13/2/22/9/14)

James married Martha Sugden in the Parish Church of Rotherham on 14 October 1850. He was a miner, and his father was a smith. Martha's father was Joseph Sugden, a potter. Both James and Martha were from Rotherham. He was aged 22 and she was aged 24. Witnesses were William Ardron and Hannah Hicks. (GRO cert MXA131438 + GRO ref Rotherham XXII 472 Dec 1850 A-BUT) (Photo - Rotherham Parish Church)

On the 1851 Census (30 March) he is aged 22, a coal miner and living with his parents at Old Lane, Mosbro, Eckington - though it should be noted that his wife is shown as living in Kilnhurst. (PRO ref HO107 piece 2148 folio 410 pg 15) 

1853 Vaccination against small pox becomes compulsory
1854-6 Britain fights in the Crimean War (Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava)

1857-8 The Indian Mutiny (against British rule)

On the 1861 Census (7 April) James was listed as head of household for a property at Albany Row, Albany, Swinton:
a) James Hardron, head, married, 32, coal miner, Killamarsh Derbyshire
b) Martha Hardron, wife, married, 34, wife, Kilnhurst
c) William Henry Hardron, son, 8, scholar, Kilnhurst
d) Samuel Hardron, son, 4 scholar, Kilnhurst
e) Naomy Hardron, daur, 11 months, Kilnhurst
f) Samuel Hardron, brother, unmarried, 19, coal miner, Killamarsh, Derbyshire
(PRO ref RG9 piece 3511 folio 57 pg 1) - IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THEIR SON CHARLES IS MISSING ON CENSUS NIGHT; HE WOULD BE AGED 2. HE MAY BE WITH HIS UNCLE Henry Ardron I (1835 - 1921)

1863 London Underground opens (Metropolitan Line)
1868 Last public hanging
1870 Primary Education becomes compulsory in Britain

On the 1871 Census (2 April) James was listed as head of household for 82 Meadow Works, Rawmarsh:
a) James Ardron, head, m[arried], [aged] 42, m[ale], [occupation] coal miner, [born] Killamarsh, Derbyshire
b) Martha Ardron, wife, 44, f[emale], Kilnhurst
c) William H. Ardron, son, 18, m, Kilnhurst
d) Samuel Ardron, son, 14, m, Kilnhurst
e) Charles Ardron, son, 12, m, scholar, Kilnhurst
f) Naomi Ardron, daur, 10, f, scholar, Kilnhurst
g) Theresa Ardron, daur, 8, f, scholar, Kilnhurst
h) Hannah Ardron, daur, 5, f, scholar, Kilnhurst
(PRO ref RG10 piece 4709 folio 27-28 pg 20-21)

1872 Secret voting is introduced for elections
1876 Invention of the telephone by A G Bell

1879 Britain fights the Zulu war in South Africa

 

On the 1881 Census (3 April) James was listed as being the head of household for 90 Victoria Street, Kilnhurst. The record shows him as a widow, which ties in with the record of his wife, Martha, having died in 1878:

a) James Ardron, head, widower, 52, coal miner, [born] Derbyshire Killamarsh

b) Jane Booth, servant, married, 46, servant domestic, Lincolnshire ??

c) Susanah Booth, visitor, 4, Yorkshire Swallownest
(PRO ref RG11 piece 4683 folio 86 page 16)

After the death of Martha in 1878, James married Ann Booth on 11 June 1882 at Kilnhurst. He was aged 54 and a widower/miner. Ann was aged 60 and a widow. Her father was John Wass, a miner. (APR) This agrees with a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 772 Jun 1882)

1883 Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property

1884 The Third Reform Act - voting extended to agricultural workers (triples the electorate)

On the 1891 Census (5 April) James was head of a household for Holly Bush, Parkgate:
a) James, head, married, 62, coal miner, Killamarsh, Derby
b) Ann, wife, married, 71, Pinkstone, Derby
(PRO ref RG12 piece 3851 folio 139 pg 17) - Shown as Aster on Ancestry.co.uk index

1893 Invention of motion pictures by Thomas Edison
1895 Invention of wireless telegraphy by G Marconi

1899-1902 Britain fights the Boer War in South Africa

1901 Death of Queen Victoria, succeeded by King Edward VII

On the 1901 Census (31 March) James is shown as living at the household of George Moxon at 18 Hoyland Yard, Rawmarsh:
a) George Moxon, head, widower, 63, general labourer, worker, Yorks Haugh
b) Mary Brown, servant, single, 52(?), housemaid domestic, ??
c) James Hardron, boarder, widower, 72, [unreadable] coal miner, Derby Killamarsh
(PRO ref RG13 piece 4399 folio 15 pg 21) -  shown as Hargrow on Ancestry.co.uk index + appears to be written as Hardron on census

James died on 28 January 1902 at Holmes Yard, Rawmarsh, aged 73. He was a coal miner and died of bronchitis. The witness was N[aomi]. Coucom, daughter, of 24 Hardy Street, Thornhill, Rotherham. (GRO cert DXZ902203 + GRO ref Rotherham 9c 441 Mar 1902 - [aged] 73)

He was then buried two days later at St Mary's, Rawmarsh on 30 January. He was aged 73 and of Holmes Yard, Rawmarsh. (APR)

Martha SUGDEN (1826 - 1878)
My G-G-Great Grandmother was born in 1826. (Based on being aged 24 at marriage + aged 52 at death)

On the 1851 Census (30 March) Martha was head of household at Kilnhurst [her husband James is shown with his parents at Old Lane, Mosbro, Eckington]:
a) Martha Ardron, head, married, 25, potter, Yorkshire Swinton
b) William Ward, father in law [stepfather], married, 66, white smith, Yorkshire Otley 
c) Naomi Ward, mother, married, 56, Yorkshire ??
d) Naomi Sugden, sister, unmarried, 13, Yorkshire Swinton
(PRO ref HO107 piece 2345 folio 198 pg 22)

She died on 25 December 1878 at 46 Green Lane, Rawmarsh, aged 52 years. The informant was James Ardron, widower, a coal miner. (GRO cert DXZ580287 + GRO ref Rotherham 9c 432 Dec 1878)

Ann BOOTH (nee WASS) (1822 -)
She was born in 1822. (Based on being aged 60 at marriage)

Ann died between the 1891 Census and 1901 Census

JAMES AND MARTHA HAD THE FOLLOWING CHILDREN:


1) William Henry Ardron (1852 -)

2) John Ardron IV (1854 -)
My G-G-Great Uncle was baptised on 30 July 1854 in Swinton. His father was James Ardron, a miner of Kilnhurst and his mother was Martha. (APR) This agrees with a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 373 Dec 1854)


Did John die in 1854? (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 269 Dec 1854 - poor quality) This would agree with him not being on the 1871 Census.


 

3) Samuel Ardron VI (1856 - 1917)

 

4) Charles Ardron II (1858 -)

5) Naomi Ardron (1860 -)
My G-G-Great Aunt was born on 26 May 1860 in the registration district of Rotherham. (APR + GRO ref Rotherham 9c 454 Jun 1860)

She was then baptised on 29 July 1860 in Kilnhurst. Her date of birth is shown as 26 May. Her father was James Ardron, a miner and her mother was Martha.  (APR)

On the 1861 Census (7 April) she was aged 1, living with her parents at Albany Row, Albany, Swinton. (PRO ref RG9 piece 3511 folio 57 pg 1)

On the 1871 Census (2 April) she was aged 10, a school girl, living with her parents at 82 Meadow Works, Rawmarsh. (PRO ref RG10 piece 4709 folio 27-28 pg 20-21)

Naomi was shown on the 1881 Census (3 April) as being a domestic servant to the household of Arthur Spencer (a wholesale grocer 19 hands) at 1 Colver Road, Ecclesall Bierlow  along with her sister Hannah:
a) Naomi Ardron, servant, unmarried, 21, born Kilnhurst Yorkshire, domestic servant
(PRO ref RG11 piece 4637 folio 64 page 17)

Naomi married George Boldy on 7 August 1882 at the parish church of Sheffield  after Banns. She was aged 22, a spinster of Baud(?) Street. He was a maltster(?) of Sussex Street. Her father was a miner and his father was Benjamin Boldy, a labourer. The witnesses were William Hutchinson and Clara Weldon. (GRO cert MXA889059 + GRO ref Sheffield 9c 561 Sep 1882)

However shortly after the marriage George died on 12 January 1883. (See below)

Naomi went on to marry James Coucom. This ties in with her status as witness to her father's death in 1902. Though a record of this marriage still remains elusive. (Alan Swallow)

1891 CENSUS?? – AGED 30?

 

On the 1901 Census (31 March) Naomi was listed as wife of the head of household for 24 Hardy Street, Rotherham (though her husband [James Coucom] was not listed). This agrees with the address given for her on her father's death certificate:

a) Naomi Coucom, wife, married, 40, Yorkshire Kilnhurst

b) Amy Coucom, daughter, single, 16, Yorkshire Kilnhurst

c) Florence Coucom, daughter, 15, Yorkshire Parkgate

d) Agnes Coucom, daughter, 11, Yorkshire Parkgate

e) Nelly Coucom, daughter, 9, Yorkshire Parkgate

f) Elsie Coucom, daughter, 7, Yorkshire Parkgate

g) William E Coucom, son, 2, Yorkshire Masboro

h) Edwin Davies, nephew, single, 18, builders labourer, Yorkshire Masboro
(PRO ref RG13 piece 4395 folio 86 pg 31 no 205)

 

On the 1911 Census (2 April) Oscar was listed as head of household for 7 Eltham Street, Rotherham:

a) James Coucom, head, 57?, married, none, Tickhill Yorkshire

b) Naomi Coucom, wife, 50, married (24? years), none, Kilnhurst Yorkshire

c) Nellie Coucom, daughter, 19, single, Parkgate Yorkshire

d) Elsie Coucom, daughter, 17, single, domestic servant, Parkgate Yorkshire

e) Ernest Coucom, son, 12, school, Rotherham Yorkshire
f) Horace Coucom, son, 9, school, Rotherham Yorkshire
g) Aaron Williams Lloyd, boarder, 25, married, bricklayers labourer, steel works, worker, Lanes Manchester
h) Agnes Lloyd, boarder, 21, married (under one year), Parkgate Yorkshire
i) Christopher Bowling, about 40, single, bricklayers labourer, steel works, worker, Cambridgeshire
The record shows Naomi having had a total of 7 children born alive in present marriage, 7 still living and 0 having died.
The property consisted of 6 rooms (including kitchen but excluding scullery, landing, lobby, closet, bathroom, warehouse, office or shop if present).
Although referred to as boarders, Aaron was Naomi’s new son-in-law having married her daughter Agnes.
The Census return was signed by Nellie.

(PRO ref RG14 ??)

George BOLDY (1861 - 1883)
He was born in 1861. (Based on age at death) GRO REF??

George died on 12 January 1883 at 17 Blue Boy Street, North Sheffield. He was aged 22 and a labourer. The witness was Emma Boldy, mother, present at death. She was of 8 Sussex Street, Sheffield. (GRO cert DYA637999 + GRO ref Sheffield 9c 270 Mar 1883 - [aged] 22)

James COUCOM (1859 - 1936)
He was born in 1859. (Based on age at death) GRO REF??

James died in 1936. (Alan Swallow + GRO ref Rotherham 9c 697 Jun 1936 - [aged] 77)

6) Theresa Ardron (1862 - 1898)
My G-G-Great Aunt was baptised on 27 July 1862 in Kilnhurst. Her father was James Ardron, a miner and her mother was Martha.  (APR) This agrees with a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 445 Dec 1862)

On the 1871 Census (2 April) Theresa was aged 8, living with her parents at 82 Meadow Works, Rawmarsh. (PRO ref RG10 piece 4709 folio 27-28 pg 20-21)

She married Edwin Davis, though no record of the marriage can be found. (Sheila Mitra (nee Swallow))

1881 CENSUS?? – AGED 18?

In 1881 they were lodging at 52 School Lane, Eastwood View, Rotherham. (Sheila Mitra (nee Swallow))

In 1891 they were living at 61 Midland Road, Rotherham. (Sheila Mitra (nee Swallow))

Theresa died in 1898 aged 36. (Sheila Mitra (nee Swallow))

7) Jack Ardron I (1864 - 1864)
My G-G-Great Uncle was baptised on 3 July 1864 in Kilnhurst. His father was James Ardron, a miner and his mother was Martha. (APR) This agrees with a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 510 Jun 1864)

He died in infancy and was buried on 21 September 1864 aged three months. (APR) This agrees with a GRO death index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 313 Sep 1864)

8) Hannah Ardron III (1866 -)
My G-G-Great Aunt was baptised on 25 February 1866 in Kilnhurst. Her father was James Ardron, a miner and her mother was Martha.  (APR) This agrees with a GRO index entry. (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 511 Mar 1866)

On the 1871 Census (2 April) Theresa was aged 5, living with her parents at 82 Meadow Works, Rawmarsh. (PRO ref RG10 piece 4709 folio 27-28 pg 20-21)

Hannah was shown on the 1881 Census (3 April) as being a domestic servant to the household of Arthur Spencer (a wholesale grocer 19 hands) at 1 Colver Road, Ecclesall Bierlow, along with her sister Naomi:
a) Hannah Ardron, servant, 15, Kilnhurst Yorkshire, domestic servant
(PRO ref RG11 piece 4637 folio 64 page 17)


Did Hannah marry in 1883? (GRO ref Rotherham 9c 940 Dec 1883) She would have been aged 17.


1891 CENSUS?? – AGED 25?